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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:From October 2016 to December 2018, 50 cases of CSC patients (CSC group) and 50 healthy people (control group) matched by age and sex who were diagnosed in the ophthalmological examination of Xi’an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. According to the course of the disease, CSC was divided into acute phase and chronic phase, with 20 and 30 cases respectively. The average age ( Z=1.125) and body mass index (BMI) ( Z=0.937) of the two groups were compared, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); the age of patients with different courses of CSC ( Z=1.525) and gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.397) and BMI ( Z=1.781) were compared, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The Berlin questionnaire was used to assess the OSAS risk of subjects in the CSC group and the control group; polysomnography was used to monitor the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and minimum blood oxygen saturation (MOS) during night sleep. OSAS diagnostic criteria: typical sleep snoring, daytime sleepiness, AHI (times/h) value ≥ 5. The severity of OSAS was classified as mild OSAS: 5≤AHI<15; moderate OSAS: 15≤AHI <30; severe OSAS: AHI≥30. Non-normally distributed measurement data were compared by rank sum test; count data were compared by χ2 test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between OSAS and CSC. Results:The AHI data in the CSC group and the control group were 17.46±3.18 and 15.72±4.48 times/h, respectively; the MOS were (83.48±4.68)% and (87.40±3.82)%, respectively; those diagnosed with OSAS were respectively 36 (72.00%, 36/50) and 13 (26.00%, 13/50) cases. AHI ( Z=0.312), MOS ( Z=0.145), and OSAS incidence ( χ2=21.17) were compared between the two groups of subjects, and the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.028, 0.001,<0.001). The AHI of acute and chronic CSC patients were 15.95±3.02 and 18.47±2.92 times/h; the MOS were (86.10±11.07)% and (81.73±4.58)%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in AHI ( Z=0.134) and MOS ( Z=0.112) in patients with different course of disease ( P=0.005, 0.001). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that OSAS and CSC were positively correlated ( r=0.312, P=0.031). Conclusion:OSAS may be a risk factor for the onset of CSC.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1805-1814, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827921

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that the intestinal epithelial chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7 (CCL7) plays an important role in the development of toxin-induced acute liver damage. The detailed effects of intestinal epithelial CCL7 on chronic diseases; however, are still unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the impact of intestinal epithelial CCL7 overexpression on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and steatohepatitis in mice.@*METHODS@#Intestinal epithelial CCL7 overexpression (CCL7) mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates were fed with normal chow or HFD for 16 weeks to induce obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Body weight gain, as well as adipose tissue index were assessed. Liver injury was monitored by histological analysis and real time polymerase chain reaction. Gut microbial composition was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing.@*RESULTS@#We found that the CCL7 mice on a HFD had markedly decreased weight gain (8.9 vs. 17.0 g, P < 0.05) and a lower adipose tissue index that include mesenteric fat (1.0% vs. 1.76%, P < 0.05), gonadal fat (2.1% vs. 6.1%, P < 0.05), subcutaneous fat (1.0% vs. 2.8%, P < 0.05) compared to WT animals. HFD-induced glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were also significantly improved in CCL7 mice compared to WT. Furthermore, HFD-fed CCL7 mice displayed less hepatic lipid accumulation and lower expression of inflammatory factors than WT mice. 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that CCL7 overexpression in intestinal epithelial cells improved HFD-induced gut microbial dysbiosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study revealed that CCL7 overexpression in the intestinal epithelium protects mice against the progression of diet-induced obesity, hepatic steatosis, and enteric dysbiosis.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847022

ABSTRACT

Listeria monocytogenes is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen that can tolerate a number of environmental stresses. RsbR, an upstream regulator of the sigma B (SigB) factor, is thought to sense environmental challenges and trigger the SigB pathway. In Bacillus subtilis, two phosphorylation sites in RsbR are involved in activating the SigB pathway and a feedback mechanism, respectively. In this study, the role of RsbR in L. monocytogenes under mild and severe stresses was investigated. Strains with genetic deletion (ΔrsbR), complementation (C-ΔrsbR), and phosphorylation site mutations in the rsbR (RsbR-T175A, RsbR-T209A, and RsbR-T175A-T209A) were constructed to evaluate the roles of these RsbR sequences in listerial growth and survival. SigB was examined at the transcriptional and translational levels. Deletion of rsbR reduced listerial growxth and survival in response to acidic stress. Substitution of the phosphorylation residue RsbR-T175A disabled RsbR complementation, while RsbR-T209A significantly upregulated SigB expression and listerial survival. Our results provide clear evidence that two phosphorylation sites of RsbR are functional in L. monocytogenes under acidic conditions, similar to the situation in B. subtilis.

4.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1781-1787, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and mechanism of Tongma Qining prescription(TQP) on improving sciatic nerve injury (SNI) in rats. METHODS: The SNI model rats were replicated by using hemostatic forceps. The model rats were randomly divided into the model group, the mecobalamine group (mecobalamine 6×10-4 g•kg-1), the high-dose group (30 g •kg-1), the medium-dose group (15 g•kg-1) and the low-dose group (7.5 g•kg-1), and the sham operation group was set(10 mice per group). After continuous intragastric administration for 6 weeks, sciatic nerve index (SFI), sensory conduction velocity (SNCV) and hemodynamic indexes were detected in each group. HE staining were employed to detect the pathological alterations of sciatic nerve tissues. Then the expression of BDNF, NGF and VEGF in sciatic nerve were detected by IHC-P, the protein expression of NGF and VEGF were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Tongma Qining prescription was able to alleviate sciatic nerve tissue injury in SNI rats, significantly improved SFI and SNCV (P<0.01), observably reduced the hematocrit, plasma viscosity and value of whole blood viscosity (high shearing and low sheating)(P<0.05), and markedly upregulated the expression level of BDNF, NGF, VEGF and the protein expression level of NGF, VEGF (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The Tongma Qining prescription can significantly improve SNI in rats. Its action mechanism may be related to improving blood rheology, promoting angiogenesis and protecting nerve cells.

5.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 323-327, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752862

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of and clinical significance of F-box/WD-40 domain protein 10(FBXW10) as well as the expression of cell cycle protein cyclin E( cyclin E) in renal clear cell carcinoma. Methods Immunohistochemistry SP method was used to detect the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E protein in 60 cases of renal clear cell carcinoma and 20 cases of adjacent normal tissues. The relationship between the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E,and the clinical pathological characteristics was analyzed. Results The expression rates of FBXW10 and cyclin E protein in renal clear cell carcinoma were 40. 0% ,70. 0% ,respectively and adjacent normal tissues were 55. 0% and 25. 0% ( P<0. 05). The expression of FBXW10 was correlated with the histologic grade of renal clear cell carcinoma(P=0. 041),histologic grade( P=0. 030);the ex-pression of cyclin E was correlated with the pathological tumor stage of clear cell renal cell carcinoma(P=0. 005),degree of differen-tiation(P=0. 035),and distant metastasis(P=0. 011). There was a significant correlation between the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E in renal clear cell carcinoma(r=0. 533,P<0. 001). Conclusion FBXW10 and cyclin E may play important roles in the development of renal clear cell carcinoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609799

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) activity and choroidal thickness,and evaluate the utility of a choroidal thickness measurement in assessing IBD activity.Methods A total of 100 eyes of 50 patients of IBD with different disease activity,including 23 patients of ulcerative colitis,27 patients of Crohn's disease (CD).Ninety-six eyes of 48 healthy volunteers were recruited as control group.Choroidal thickness was measured using enhanced depth imaging(EDI)optical coherence tomography.Results Compared with the subfoveal choroidal thickness (294.37 ± 35.04) μm in healthy volunteers,the subfoveal choroidal thickness (349.28 ± 76.57) μm in UC patients with severe disease activity,the subfoveal choroidal thickness (326.71 ± 59.71) μm and (354.24 ± 66.34) μm,respectively,in CD patients with moderate and severe disease activity were found to be increased significantly (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Choroidal thickness should be considered as a potential marker to assess the disease activity in patients with IBD,especially in patients with CD.

7.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1036-1039, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657826

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the changes and significance of interleukin-17 (IL-17) in perioperative period of congenital heart disease patients with pulmonary hypertension. Methods A total of forty patients with congenital heart disease underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were included in this study. According to the pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), patients were divided into non-pulmonary hypertension group (group Ⅰ, PASP < 30 mmHg) and pulmonary hypertension group (groupⅡ, PASP≥30 mmHg). Blood samples were taken before anesthesia (T1), start CPB (T2), 30 min after CPB (T3), 6 h (T4), 24 h (T5) and 7 d (T6) after operation. The concentration of IL-17 was detected by ELISA. Arterial oxygen partial pressure [p(O2)] and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure [p(CO2)] during the first five time points were recorded. Oxygen index (OI) and alveolar arterial oxygen tension difference (AaDO2) were calculated. Results The plasma IL-17 levels in perioperative period were significantly higher in group Ⅱ than those of group Ⅰ (P < 0.05). The highest concentration of IL-17 emerged at T3, then decreased gradually in both groups. At this time point, the OI decreased, and AaDO2 increased significantly in both groups. Compared with groupⅠ, the OI decreased, while AaDO2 increased at T5 in groupⅡ(P<0.05). Conclusion The high level of IL-17 promotes the formation of pulmonary hypertension in congenital heart disease and leads to the lung injury during CPB, which can be used as a clinical monitoring indicator of evaluating severity.

8.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1036-1039, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660280

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the changes and significance of interleukin-17 (IL-17) in perioperative period of congenital heart disease patients with pulmonary hypertension. Methods A total of forty patients with congenital heart disease underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were included in this study. According to the pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), patients were divided into non-pulmonary hypertension group (group Ⅰ, PASP < 30 mmHg) and pulmonary hypertension group (groupⅡ, PASP≥30 mmHg). Blood samples were taken before anesthesia (T1), start CPB (T2), 30 min after CPB (T3), 6 h (T4), 24 h (T5) and 7 d (T6) after operation. The concentration of IL-17 was detected by ELISA. Arterial oxygen partial pressure [p(O2)] and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure [p(CO2)] during the first five time points were recorded. Oxygen index (OI) and alveolar arterial oxygen tension difference (AaDO2) were calculated. Results The plasma IL-17 levels in perioperative period were significantly higher in group Ⅱ than those of group Ⅰ (P < 0.05). The highest concentration of IL-17 emerged at T3, then decreased gradually in both groups. At this time point, the OI decreased, and AaDO2 increased significantly in both groups. Compared with groupⅠ, the OI decreased, while AaDO2 increased at T5 in groupⅡ(P<0.05). Conclusion The high level of IL-17 promotes the formation of pulmonary hypertension in congenital heart disease and leads to the lung injury during CPB, which can be used as a clinical monitoring indicator of evaluating severity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514931

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Integrin α5β1 has been shown to be related to acetabular cartilage degeneration due to developmental dysplasia of the hip.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of integrin α5β1 in differently degenerated cartilage tissues of the knee after knee osteoarthritis.METHODS: Seventy-five degenerated articular cartilage specimens at the weight-bearing surface of femoral lateral and medial condyles were removed from patients with knee osteoarthritis who underwent total knee replacement, and were then allotted to four groups based on Mankin's grading system: normal (n=6), mild degeneration (n=24), moderate degeneration (n=26) and severe degeneration (n=19) groups. The expression of integrin α5β1 in each group was detected using real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and western blot assay.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The detected results were consistent in the three kinds of assays, and the expression level of integrin α5β1 was ranked as follows: severe degeneration group > moderate degeneration group > mild degeneration group > normal group (P < 0.05). To conclude, differential expression levels of integrin α5β1 are found in different degenerative degrees of articular cartilage in knee osteoarthritis. Furthermore, the expression level of integrin α5β1 is increased with the degenerative severity.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607278

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the inhibitory effect and mechanism of the microRNA-320d(miR-320d)on epithelial mesenchymal transition in endometrial carcinoma JEC cells.[Methods]JEC endometrial carcinoma cell lines were transfected with miR-320d mimics or negative control mimic,respectively,as M320d or NCM group. Control group was established with untreated JEC endometrial carcinoma cells. miR-320d content in each group was detected by RT-PCR method. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion ability of the 3 groups. Western-blot assay was used to detect the expressions ofα-Catenin,E-cad-herin,Vimentin and PBX3 protein in 3 groups. Antagonistic effect of PBX3 overexpression on miR-320d inhibition of EMT was detect-ed by western blot assay. The relationship between miR-320d and PBX3 was detected by dual luciferase assay.[Results]The expres-sion level of miR-320d in M320d group was significantly up-regulated,and the expression level of miR-320d was 808.25 ± 15.58 times higher than that of control group(P<0.05). The number of migrating cells in M320d group was 29.56 ± 0.59,which was signif-icantly lower than that of control group at 94.48 ± 1.02(P < 0.05). The number of invasive cells in M320d group was 7.33 ± 0.84, which was significantly lower than that of group control 86.28 ± 3.51(P < 0.05). Compared with control group ,the expression of α-Catenin and E-cadherin protein was significantly increased ,the expression of Vimentin protein was significantly decreased ,and the expression of PBX3 protein was significantly decreased. After PBX3 overexpression,the expression ofα-Catenin and E-cadherin protein were significantly decreased,the expression of Vimentin protein were significantly increased. Dual luciferase assay showed that PBX3 is a downstream target gene of miR-320d(P<0.05).[Conclusion]miR-320d may inhibit the expression of EMT related protein through the downstream target gene PBX3 and inhibit the epithelial mesenchymal transition function of endometrial carcinoma JEC cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502100

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) for refractory glaucoma.Methods Twenty-eight patients (30 eyes) diagnosed with refractory glaucoma were enrolled in this study.The intraocular pressure was ranged from 28 to 55 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),with the mean of (46.3±10.3) mmHg.There were 24 eyes with initial visual acuity <0.05,1 eye with 0.05-0.08 initial visual acuity and 5 eyes with ≥0.1 initial visual acuity.The mean number of intraocular pressure-decreased drugs was 4.All the eyes underwent PPV combined with ECP.The cyclophotocoagulation ranged from 90°-360°,with the mean of (232.5 ±77.6)°.The cyclophotocoagulation was <180° in 4 eyes,180°-270° in 6 eyes,>270° in 20 eyes.The follow-up ranged from 12 to 20 months,with the mean of 15.2 months.The intraocular pressure,vision and the mean number of intraocular pressure decreased drugs before and after surgery were comparatively observed.The relationship between cyclophotocoagulation area and postoperative intraocular pressure was analyzed.Results At the final follow up,the intraocular pressure ranged from 12 to 36 mmHg,with the mean of (18.5± 4.4) mmHg,which decreased 49.4% compared with preoperative intraocular pressure (t=15.537,P< 0.01).Among 30 eyes,the intraocular pressure was ≤ 21 mmHg without any intraocular pressuredecreased drugs in 24 eyes (80.0%),1 eye (3.3%) with ≤21 mmHg who treatment by local intraocular pressure decreased drugs,lose control of intraocular pressure in 5 eyes (16.7%).The vision was <0.05 in 15 eyes,0.05-0.08 in 3 eyes and ≥0.1 in 12 eyes.The difference of vision distribution before and after surgery was not significant (x2=6.197,P>0.05).Compared with preoperative vision,the postoperative vision was improved in 8 eyes (26.7%),stabled in 15 eyes (50.0%),decreased in 7 eyes (23.3%).The mean number of intraocular pressure-decreased drugs was reduced from 4 to 1 (t=8.402,P<0.01).The cyclophotocoagulation area was positive related to postoperative intraocular pressure (r=4.160,P<0.05).There were no ocular and systemic complications during and after surgery except slight inflammation.Conclusion PPV combined with ECP for refractory glaucoma can reduce intraocular pressure,stabilize or improve the visual acuity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on invasiveness of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-induced hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HepG2.2.15 cells were exposed to different concentrations of AFB1 and DHA plus AFB1. The cell migration and invasion were assessed using wound-healing and Transwell assay, and flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle changes. The ultrastructural changes of the cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the cells exposed to2 µmol/L AFB1 showed obviously enhanced migration and invasion with decreased cell ratio in G1/G1 phase and increased cell ratio in G2/M phase but no changes in S phase cells; transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of multiple nucleoli and significantly increased mitochondria and Golgi apparatus in the exposed cells. Compared with AFB1-exposed cells, the cells treated with DHA and AFB1 showed decreased migration and invasion abilities, and the G1/G1 phase cells increased and G2/M phase cells decreased significantly; ultrastructurally, the cells contained single nucleoli with decreased mitochondria and vacuolization occurred in the cytoplasm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DHA can significantly inhibit AFB1-induced enhancement of cell migration and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Aflatoxin B1 , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Movement , Docosahexaenoic Acids , Pharmacology , Golgi Apparatus , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Mitochondria , Neoplasm Invasiveness
13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4955-4957, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484060

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of hypoxia on the mRNA expression of osteoprotegerin(OPG) and receptor activa‐tor for nuclear factor‐κB ligand(RANKL) in human periodontal ligament cells(hPDLCs) and to explore the role of hypoxia in the orthodontic bone resorption in pressure side .Methods The primary hPDLCs were cultivated with enzyme digestion assay and tis‐sue cultivation .The 3-5 generations of hPDLCs were respectively cultured 3 ,6 ,12 and 24 h in normoxia condition (20% O2 ) or in hypoxia condition (2% O2 ) .The mRNA expression of OPG and RANKL were detected with RT‐PCR .The experimental data was analyzed by one way ANOVA using SPSS15 .0 .Results After cultivated in hypoxia condition for 3 h or 6 h ,the mRNA expression of OPG and RANKL in hPDLCs didn′t change significant(P> 0 .05) .After cultivated in hypoxia condition for 12 h or 24 h ,the mRNA expression of OPG in hPDLCs decreased while the RANKL increased .Thus the ratio of RANKL/OPG increased and the difference was significant(P<0 .05) .Conclusion Hypoxia can regulate the mRNA expression of OPG and RANKL in hPDLCs and will promote the orthodontic bone resorption in pressure side .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:A number of studies have been conducted on the prevention of enamel demineralization in orthodontic treatment, but no work has been carried out on the comparative studies addressing manual toothbrush, orthodontic fur V brush and interdental brush. OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy of manual toothbrush, orthodontic fur V brush and interdental brush on enamel decalcification during orthodontic treatment. METHODS:Adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years old, were randomly and averagely divided into three groups: manual toothbrush, orthodontic fur V brush, and interdental brush groups. Enamel decalcification index and augmenter of enamel decalcification index were examined and calculated by the same orthodontist before treatment and 1 year later. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was no statistical difference in the enamel decalcification index among the three groups at the beginning (P > 0.05). After 1 year of treatment, the enamel decalcification index of each group was higher than that at the beginning (P < 0.05); the enamel decalcification index and augmenter of enamel decalcification index in the three groups were ranked as folows: orthodontic Fur V toothbrush group < manual toothbrush < interdental toothbrush group , and there was a statistical significant difference among the three groups (P < 0.05). Orthodontic fur V brush is proved to have advantages over manual toothbrush and interdental brush in the respect of controling enamel decalcification, and interdental brush has no good effect on preventing enamel demineralization while it is used alone.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937020

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on the rehabilitation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and level of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β). Methods 140 cases of RA meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into control group and observation group equally according to therapeutic schemes. All the patients accepted medicine and rehabilitation training, while the observation group accepted electroacupuncture in addition. The effective rate and the symptoms were observed, the serum level of rheumatoid factor (RF), antistreptolysin O antibody (ASO), C-reactive protein (CRP), NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β were tested before and after treatment. Results The effective rate was 92.8% in the observation group, which was significantly more than that of 80.0% in the control group (P<0.05). The joint pain index, joint tenderness index and joint swollenness index reduced in the observation group compared with those in the control group (P<0.05), as well as the serum level of RF, ASO, CRP, NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β (P< 0.05). Conclusion Electroacupuncture may improve the effects of rehabilitation training for RA and inhibit the inflammation, which may associate with the inhibition of activation of NF-κB.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460511

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on the rehabilitation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and level of nu-clear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin 1β(IL-1β). Methods 140 cases of RA meeting the inclusion crite-ria were divided into control group and observation group equally according to therapeutic schemes. All the patients accepted medicine and rehabilitation training, while the observation group accepted electroacupuncture in addition. The effective rate and the symptoms were ob-served, the serum level of rheumatoid factor (RF), antistreptolysin O antibody (ASO), C-reactive protein (CRP), NF-κB, TNF-αand IL-1βwere tested before and after treatment. Results The effective rate was 92.8%in the observation group, which was significantly more than that of 80.0%in the control group (P<0.05). The joint pain index, joint tenderness index and joint swollenness index reduced in the observa-tion group compared with those in the control group (P<0.05), as well as the serum level of RF, ASO, CRP, NF-κB, TNF-αand IL-1β(P<0.05). Conclusion Electroacupuncture may improve the effects of rehabilitation training for RA and inhibit the inflammation, which may as-sociate with the inhibition of activation of NF-κB.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251637

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate and compare the outcome of two kinds of diameter hollow screws for the treatment of femoral neck fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2008 to June 2013, 117 patients with femoral neck fractures were treated by closed reduction and hollow screws fixation. Among them,48 patients were fixed by 6.5 mm screw including 30 males and 18 females with an average age of (45.61 ± 11.99) years old ranging from 19 to 60 years old, involving 17 cases in Garden I/II and 31 cases in Garden III/IV; 69 patients were fixed by 8.0 mm screw including 40 males and 29 females with an average age of (45.17 ± 9.95) years old ranging from 18 to 60 years old, involving 31 cases in Garden I/II and 38 cases in Garden III/IV. The general information, operative time, hospital stay time, reduction quality, diameter of femoral head and neck, fracture healing time, the rate of fracture healing, postoperative complications were recorded and evaluated. Harris scoring was used to evaluate the hip joint function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 19.6 months (18 to 24 months). The difference of operative time, duration of hospitalization, quality of reduction were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). There was no difference between two groups about the average diameter of the femoral head and neck, the fracture healing time, the rate of healing and the postoperative complications (P > 0.05). There were no difference between two groups about Harris scale. There were significant difference between Garden III/IV and I /II (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Closed reduction and internal fixation with hollow screw in treating the young adult patients with femoral neck fracture is the first choice, both different diameters hollow screws could meet the requirements of fixation of femoral neck fracture, and not affect on fracture healing time and postoperative complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345290

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the fixation methods in treatment of tibial fracture in adolescents by comparing the results and complications of three fixation methods and to determine the factors related to those complications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2007 to January 2012, 83 diaphyseal tibial fractures in 79 adolescents were treated with elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation, plate fixation, or external fixation respectively. There were 55 males and 24 females with an average age of 13.9 years (ranging from 11 to 17.6 years). Outcomes were compared in terms of the hospital stay,time to union, complications, and reoperation rates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 15.8 months in average. The time to union was significant associated with the pattern of fixation, energy of the injury, multiple and open fracture. The time of bone union of external fixation group was longer than that of elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation and plate fixation groups. But complication rates of external fixation group were higher than that of elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation and plate fixation groups. Four patients were treated with elastic nail fixation underwent a reoperation (loss of reduction in 2 cases, delayed union and nonunion in each 1 case). Six patients were treated with external fixation required a reoperation (loss of reduction in 3 cases, malunion in 2 cases, and replacement of a pin canal infection in 1 case). Two fractures were treated with plate fixation required refixation following nonunion and malunion. A multivariate analysis with adjustment for baseline differences showed external fixation to be associated with a 7.56 times (95% confidence interval=3.74 to 29.87) greater risk of loss of reduction and (or) malunion than elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation. At the final follow-up,there were agreeable results among three groups and no significant differences among them in final therapeutic effect (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>External fixation for treatment of tibial fracture in adolescents has the highest rate of complications than the other two fixation methods. Elastic stable intramedullary nail fixation can achieve the same effect of other fixed system and avoid most of the complications. Operation method choice depends on the experience of doctors and patients' basic situation and the fracture types.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Plates , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Open , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450837

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of dexamethasone on inflammatory response of thyrocytes.Methods Primary thyrocytes were extracted from thyroid tissue of patients with Graves' disease.The cells were stimulated with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),and cultured in dexamethasone.Thyrocytes were divided into 4 groups:control group,dexamethasone group,TNF-α + IFN-γ group,and dexamethasone+TNF-α+IFN-γ group.Interferon-γ-induced protein 10 (CXCL10) and CCL2 in supernatant of cell cultured in 4 groups were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Cell protein in 4 groups was extracted and GSK-3β,P50,and P100 protein were detected by Western blotting.Results MTT assay demonstrated that 10-5 mmol/L concentration of dexamethasone was optimal for cell culture.The CXCL10 level in TNF-α+IFN-γ group was higher than that in the control group and dexamethasone group (P<0.01),but no difference was found between dexamethasone+TNF-α+IFN-γgroup and TNF-α+IFN-γgroup(P>0.05).The CCL2 level in TNF-α+IFN-γ group was higher than that in control group and dexamethasone group(P<0.01).There was a significant lowering of CCL2 level in dexamethasone + TNF-α + IFN-γgroup compared with TNF-α + IFN-γ group (P < 0.05).The expression of GSK-3β and P100 protein was increased in TNF-α + IFN-γgroup compared with control group.The expression of GSK-3β and P100 protein was lower in dexamethasone+TNF-α + IFN-γ group than that in TNF-α + IFN-γ group.Conclusion TNF-α + IFN-γ could stimulate the secretion of CXCL10 and CCL2 in thyrocytes and thus activate the inflammatory response.Dexamethasone could reduce CCL2 secretion.Dexamethasone had little effect on CXCL10.Dexamethasone could reduce GSK-3β and P100 expressions,and inhibit the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and thus the inflammatory response.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437851

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for carotid artery atherosclerosis in young and middle-aged patients with ischemic stroke and the effect of serum lipoprotcin(a) [(Lp (a)] level on young and middle-aged patients with ischemic stroke.Methods Patients with ischemic stroke between the ages of 18 to 55 were enrolled.Carotid artery ultrasonography was used to evaluate the degree of carotid artery atherosclerosis,and the concentrations of serum total cholesterol,triglycerides,high density lipoprotein cholesterol,low density lipoprotein cholesterol,very low density lipoprotein cholesterol,apolipoprotein A1,apolipoprotein B and Lp(a) were detected.According to the results of carotid ultrasound,the patients were divided into groups of without atherosclerosis,plaque without stenosis,and carotid artery stenosis.The demographic and clinical features were compared among the 3 groups.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for carotid artery atherosclerosis in young and middle-aged patients with ischemic stroke.Results A total of 106 patients with ischemic stroke (n =50 in the without atherosclerosis group,n =44 in the plaque without stenosis group,n =12 in the carotid artery stenosis group) were enrolled in the study.The constituent ratios of age (45.98 ±7.12,50.07 ±4.79,and 50.92 ± 1.83 years,respectively; F =7.169,P =0.001),hypertension (26.0%,47.7% and 58.3%,respectively; x2 =6.862,P =0.032),diabetes mellitus (22.0%,45.5% and 66.7%,respectively; x2 =10.729,P =0.005),hyperlipidemia (24.0%,40.1% and 75.0%,respectively; x2=11.372,P=0.003) and smoking (34.0%,61.4% and 75.0%,respectively;x2 =10.93,P=0.006),as well as the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (1.03 ± 0.26,0.95 ± 0.26 and 0.76 ± 0.08 mmol/L,respectively; F=5.882,P =0.004) and Lp (a) (0.108 ± 0.044,0.155 ± 0.028 and 0.200 ± 0.011 g/L,respectively; F =41.556,P =0.000) levels had significant differences in the 3 groups.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age > 48 years (plaques without stenosis:odds ratio [OR] 2.89,95% confidenee interval [CI] 1.20-6.96,P =0.018; carotid artery stenosis:OR 4.43,95% CI 1.19-16.57,P =0.027),hypertension (plaque without stenosis:OR 2.60,95 % CI 1.09-6.18,P =0.031; carotid artery stenosis:OR 3.99,95% CI 1.08-14.77,P =0.039),diabetes (plaque without stenosis:OR 2.96,95% CI 1.21-7.23,P=0.018; carotid artery stenosis:OR 7.09,95% CI 1.79-28.02,P =0.005),hyperlipidemia (plaque without stenosis:OR 2.19,95% CI 0.91-5.31,P =0.082; carotid artery stenosis:OR 9.50,95% CI 2.21-40.86,P =0.002),smoking (plaque without stenosis:OR 3.08,95% CI 1.33-7.16,P =0.009; carotid artery stenosis:OR 5.82,95% CI 1.39-24.38,P =0.016),and Lp (a) (plaque without stenosis:OR 4.38,95% CI 1.76-10.90,P=0.001; carotid artery stenosis:OR 12.80,95% CI 2.73-52.67,P =0.001) were the independent risk factors for carotid artery atherosclerosis in young and middle-aged patients with ischemic stroke.Conclusions Age,smoking hypertension,diabetes and Lp(a) were the independent risk factors for carotid artery atherosclerosis in young and middle-aged patients with ischemic stroke.

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