Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 114
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To help clinicians simplify the post-processing operations of structures by developing rapid processing software for target area and organs at risk structures based on ESAPI.Methods:SmartStructure script software was developed based on ESAPI, verified and evaluated in clinical work. 10 cases of rectal cancer receiving neoadjuvant radiotherapy, 10 breast cancer treated with postoperative radiotherapy, 10 cervical cancer receiving postoperative radiotherapy, 10 nasopharyngeal carcinoma receiving radical radiotherapy and 10 lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) were selected, and different types of tumors had different post-processing operations of structures. In each case, three methods were used for post-processing of structures. In the control group (manual group), normal manual processing was employed. In the experimental group 1(SmaStru-N group), scripts without templates were utilized. In the experimental group 2(SmaStru-P group). scripts combined with templates were adopted. The processing time of the three methods was compared. Clinicians scored the scripting software from multiple aspects and compared the feeling scores of scripting software and manual operation.Results:All three methods can be normally applied in clinical settings. The error rate in the manual group was 7.0%, 3.0% in the SmaStru-N group 0% in the SmaStru-P group, respectively. Compared with the manual method, SmaStru-N shortened the processing time of target area and organs at risk by 60.9% and 93.3% for SmaStru-P. In addition, SmartStructure was superior to manual method in terms of using feeling scores. Clinicians gave lower score for the" applicability" and" simplicity" , and higher score on the" accuracy" and" efficiency" .Conclusions:Compared with conventional manual structure processing method, SmartStructure software can rapidly and accurately process all structures of the target area and organs at risk, and its advantages become more obvious with the increasing number of structures that need to be processed. SmartStructure software can meet clinical requirements, reduce the error rate, elevate processing speed, improve the working efficiency of clinicians, providing basis for the development of adaptive radiotherapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric parameters and plan complexity between newly-delicated HyperArc (HA) and conventional volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of brain metastases.Methods:For 26 patients with brain metastases, HA, conventional coplanar (Cop) and non-coplanar (Non-cop) VMAT plans with a prescription dose of 9 Gy 3fx or 6 Gy 5fx were generated. The dosimetric parameters for planning target volume (PTV), RTOG conformity index (RTOG CI), Paddick CI, homogeneity index (HI), gradient index (GI), maximum dose (D max) of brainstem and dose-volume parameters of brain-PTV(V 2Gy-V 26Gy) were statisticaly compared among these three approaches. In addition, the monitor unit (MU) and the plan complexity parameters (including MCSv and AlPO) were statistically compared. Results:To prevent missed targets during treatment, all plans were established with RTOG CI of greater than 1.1. For Paddick CI, HA provided significantly higher conformity (0.89±0.019) than Non-cop (0.87±0.036, P=0.001) and Cop (0.88±0.017, P=0.003) VMAT. For GI, the fastest dose fall-off was noted in HA (3.35±0.64), followed by conventional Non-cop VMAT of (3.70±0.80), and conventional Cop VMAT of (4.90±1.85)(all P<0.05). For the brainstem sparing, HA plan performed better than Non-cop plan[(604.14±531.61) cGy vs.(682.75±558.22) cGy, P<0.05)]. For normal brain tissue sparing, HA approach showed significant reduction than conventional Cop and Non-cop VMAT (both P<0.05). For MU, HA approach (2 872.60 ± 566.93) was significantly lower than those of Non-cop VMAT (3 771.28 ± 1 022.38, P<0.05) and Cop VMAT (4 494.08 ± 1 323.09, P<0.05). In terms of plan complexity, the MCSv of Cop plan was the lowest, indicating that the complexity was the highest ( P<0.05). The AlPO of HA was significantly higher than that of Non-cop VMAT ( P<0.05), suggesting that the complexity of HA plan was lower ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For the treatment of brain metastases, HA provides better conformity, more rapid dose fall-off, better sparing of brainstem and normal brain tissues and less plan complexity compared with conventional VMAT.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility of using pelvic iterative cone beam CT images for dose calculation of radiation therapy planning, so as to provide support for adaptive radiotherapy.Methods:The CIRS 062 M phantom was scanned by Varian Halcyon v2.0 o-ring accelerator, and the average CT number under different scattering conditions was calculated, and then the ICBCT-ED conversion curve was established. CT images of CIRS 002PRA pelvic IMRT phantom and ICBCT images at different positions were collected. Treatment plan using VMAT technique based on CT image was designed and transplanted into ICBCT image with dose recalculated. The differences of gamma passing rate among target volume, organs at risk and 3-dimensional dose were compared. Based on the actual treatment plan of patients, the differences of 3-dimensional dose gamma passing rate in 10 pelvic patients were analyzed retrospectively.Results:There was a large CT value deviation at central position between the isolated no-scattering condition and the full-scattering condition, and the maximum deviation was 144 HU. The CT values of other positions in full-scattering condition were similar to those of the central position, and the maximum deviation was less than 50 HU. Based on the calculated result of ICBCT images at different positions of the pelvic phantom, the dose deviation of the target volume or organs at risk was less than 1 Gy. Compared with the plan based on CT images, the average 3-dimensional dose gamma passing rate under the criteria of 1% dose difference (DD)/1 mm distance-to-agreement (DTA) and 2% DD/2 mm DTA in plan based on ICBCT images were (88.86 ±1.18)% and (98.38±0.89)%, respectively. The ranges of average 3-dimensional dose gamma passing rate under the criteria of 2% DD/2 mm DTA and 3% DD/3 mm DTA in 10 patients with pelvic tumors were 90.03%-95.43% and 93.58%-97.78%, respectively, and the worst result was only 85.90% and 92.90%, respectively. The main reason of the worst result was the dose difference caused by large variation of bladder contour due to over-filling.Conclusions:Under comprehensive scattering conditions, the ICBCT-ED conversion curve is reconstructed and the treatment plan can be designed by using the ICBCT image of Halcyon v2.0 linear accelerator. The accuracy meets the standards of clinical application, which provides assurance for adaptive radiotherapy in the future.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921652

ABSTRACT

In order to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment decision-making with traditional Chinese medicine for pa-tients of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) and put the latest clinical study evidence into clinical practice, the international trust-worthy traditional Chinese medicine recommendations( TCM Recs) working group started the compilation of Living Evidence-based Guideline for Combination of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine for Treatment of COVID-19 on the basis of the standards and re-quirements of WHO handbook, GRADE and RIGHT. This proposal mainly introduces the formulation methods and processes of the living guidelines in details, such as the composition of the working group, the collection and identification of clinical issues and out-comes, the production of the living systematic review and the consensus of recommendations. The guidelines will continue to monitor the clinical study evidences of TCM in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, and conduct regular evidence updating, retrieval and screening. When there is new study evidence, the steering committee will evaluate the possibility of the evidence to change clinical practice or previous recommendations, so as to decide whether the recommendations for the guidelines shall be implemented or upda-ted. The main criteria considered in the guideline updating are as follows:(1) There are new high-quality randomized controlled trial(RCT) evidences for TCM uninvolved in the previous edition of the guidelines;(2) as for the TCM involved in the guidelines, living sys-tematic review shows that new evidence may change the direction or strength of the existing recommendations. The specific implementation of the living evidence-based guidelines will take this proposal as the study basis and framework, in order to ensure the standardization of the formulation process and methods. This will be the first exploration of the methodology for living guidelines in the field of TCM.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , China , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885372

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common endocrine disorder characterized by hyperandrogenemia and menstrual disorders. Patients not only have a high incidence of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, but also a high incidence of sleep disorders, especially obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity, hyperandrogenemia, insulin resistance,and other factors are responsible for the high prevalence of sleep apnea in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and related factors of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Methods:The clinical data of 153 patients with COPD who received treatment in Xiangyang First People's Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 101 patients with complete data regarding pulmonary function and polysomnography who met inclusion criteria were selected. They were divided into simple COPD (COPD group, n = 33) and COPD + OSA (OS group, n = 68) groups according to whether they developed OSA. General clinical data, pulmonary function indexes and polysomnography indexes were compared between the COPD and OS groups. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the degree of airflow limitation and the related factors of COPD combined with OSA. Results:There were more males than females in each group. In the OS group, the proportion of males, body mass index, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1), forced expiratory volume in 1 second percent predicted (FEV 1%pred), the ratio of FEV 1 to forced vital capacity (FVC), apnea-hypopnea index and oxygen desaturation index in the OS group were 92.6%, 24.0 (23.4, 24.8) kg/m 2, 1.2 (1.2, 1.5) L, 50.0 (49.6, 59.4)%, 49.1 (46.9, 53.0)%, 15.4 (16.4, 25.3) times/h, 14.8 (17.3, 25.6) times/h, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the COPD group [75.8%, 23.0 (21.6, 23.7) kg/m 2, 0.9 (0.9, 1.1) L, 41.0 (38.3, 49.1) %, 41.9 (39.5, 49.24)%, 1.9 (1.6, 2.4) times/h, 4.0 (3.7, 9.7) times/h, t or U = 4.246, 1 399.000, 1 544.500, 1 483.000, 1 407.000, 2 244.000, 1 915.000, all P < 0.05]. The lowest oxygen saturation at night in the OS group was significantly lower than that in the COPD group [81.5 (79.4, 82.6) % vs. 87.0 (80.2, 86.6) %, U = 758.500, P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in age, smoking index and forced vital capacity between COPD and OS groups ( t = - 0.963, 1 150.000, - 1.954, all P > 0.05). Correlation and Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of severe or very severe airflow limitation was lower in the OS group than in the COPD group ( OR = 0.392, P < 0.05). BMI, FEV 1, FEV 1%pred were the risk factors of COPD combined with OSA ( OR = 1.185, 5.554, 1.034, all P < 0.05). BMI and FEV 1 were the independent risk factors of COPD combined with OSA ( OR = 1.168, 5.248, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:COPD and OSA are more common in males and in patients with higher BMI. OSA patients tend to develop lower degree of airflow limitation and more severe hypoxemia and apnea-hypopnea at night than COPD patients. Apnea-hypopnea index is the protective factor against airflow limitation in COPD. BMI, FEV 1 and FEV 1%pred are the risk factors of COPD combined with OSA. BMI and FEV 1 are the independent risk factors of COPD combined with OSA.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 944-953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly spread throughout the world. In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors for severe COVID-19 to improve treatment guidelines.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted on 313 patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Patients were classified into two groups based on disease severity (nonsevere and severe) according to initial clinical presentation. Laboratory test results and epidemiological and clinical characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to detect potential risk factors associated with severe COVID-19.@*RESULTS@#A total of 289 patients (197 nonsevere and 92 severe cases) with a median age of 45.0 (33.0, 61.0) years were included in this study, and 53.3% (154/289) were male. Fever (192/286, 67.1%) and cough (170/289, 58.8%) were commonly observed, followed by sore throat (49/289, 17.0%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that patients who were aged ≥ 65 years (OR: 2.725, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.317-5.636; P = 0.007), were male (OR: 1.878, 95% CI: 1.002-3.520, P = 0.049), had comorbid diabetes (OR: 3.314, 95% CI: 1.126-9.758, P = 0.030), cough (OR: 3.427, 95% CI: 1.752-6.706, P < 0.001), and/or diarrhea (OR: 2.629, 95% CI: 1.109-6.231, P = 0.028) on admission had a higher risk of severe disease. Moreover, stratification analysis indicated that male patients with diabetes were more likely to have severe COVID-19 (71.4% vs. 28.6%, χ2 = 8.183, P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical characteristics of those with severe and nonsevere COVID-19 were significantly different. The elderly, male patients with COVID-19, diabetes, and presenting with cough and/or diarrhea on admission may require close monitoring to prevent deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/pathology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cough , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diarrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of environmental estrogen bisphenol A (BPA) exposure on apoptosis of mouse ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells and ovarian development and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Mouse ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells were isolated from female ICR mice at postnatal day (PND) 10 and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with the control cells group, the isolated cells exposed to a low concentration of BPA (50 μmol/L) showed a significantly lowered apoptosis rate, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, and enhanced cellular proliferation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#BPA can concentration-dependently regulate the function of ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells in mice and potentially affects both the pregnant mice and the offspring female mice in light of early ovarian development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Benzhydryl Compounds , Female , Granulosa Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Ovarian Follicle , Phenols , Pregnancy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905761

ABSTRACT

classification had been explored based on World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development-2nd Edition.dysfunction (5 dimensions) with a recommendation of swallowing-related complications at most (10 guidelines, 83.3%), motor dysfunction (6 dimensions) with a recommendation of spasm treatment at most (10 guidelines, 83.3%), and psychological and behavioral dysfunction (4 dimensions) with a recommendation for assessment or monitoring at most (6 guidelines, 50.0%). There were many recommendations in these areas, but the types of evidence were different, and observational studies and/or randomized controlled trials accounted for most.guideline developers in stroke rehabilitation to follow World Health Organization Handbook for GuidelineDevelopment-2nd Edition to improve the quality and the overall implementation of the rehabilitation guidelines, and to improve the quality and safety of rehabilitation. Objective:To analyze the contents of the recommendations of stroke clinical rehabilitation guidelines in order to provide advice for the development and implementation of stroke rehabilitation guidelines. Methods:PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang databases and guideline-related websites were retrieved from the date of establishment to January 2020, to collect stroke clinical rehabilitation guidelines. The main content, recommendations based on evidence, the type of evidences, and the scope of evidence Results:A total of twelve guidelines were included in this study, one in Chinese and eleven in English. They were from the United States (3 guidelines), United Kingdom (3 guidelines), Canada (3 guidelines), Australia (2 guidelines) and China (1 guidelines), and published from September, 2005 to February, 2019. Three articles (25.0%) used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) for quality evaluation, and two articles (16.7%) used Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) as the grading system. The recommendations covered the areas such as: cognitive dysfunction (4 dimensions) with a recommendation of cognitive function assessment at most (7 guidelines, 66.7%), language and swallowing Conclusion:There are different types of evidence and levels of recommendation strength. It is proposed for future

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905760

ABSTRACT

information (31.3%) was the lowest. The reporting rate was less as the guidelines published in China than in foreign contries (OR = 0.80, 95%CI 0.56-1.16), in original version than in update version (OR = 0.79, 95%CI 0.54-1.16); and higher as developed by various societies or associations than developed by non-societies or associations (OR = 1.15, 95%CI 0.82-1.61), however, no statistically significant difference was found in abovecomparisons. Objective:To evaluate the quality of reporting of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Methods:A comprehensive retrieve was performed in electronic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang data, etc., from January 1, 2017 to January 11, 2020. Supplementary searches had been done on relevant websites. Two researchers reviewed literatures and assessed the reporting quality independently by using Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare (RIGHT), and any disagreements needed to be discussed in a consensus meeting. Results:A total of 16 guidelines were included, with an average reporting rate of (44.8±27.9)%. Among the seven domains of RIGHT, basic information was reported the highest (57.3%), and evidence (31.3%) and other Conclusion:Current clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation reported with low quality. It is proposed that future guideline developers should report guidelines after RIGHT statements, including key information and content, in order to improve the quality of reporting guidelines.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the results of Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) for clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were systematically retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang database and the guideline-related websites until January 11, 2020. Two researchers independently screened guidelines using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), and extracted and analyzed the results. Results:A total of 83 clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were included, in which 46 (55.4%) applied grading systems. Only four (4.8%) guidelines applied GRADE, including 44 recommendations, in which 39 guidelines (88.6%) had quality of evidence. Among the evidences citied in the recommendations, low quality evidences were the most (34.1%); among the recommendations, weak recommendations were more (56.8%). The quality of strong recommendation supporting evidence was higher than that of weak recommendation (χ2 = 8.218,P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of the GRADE grading system in clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation remains to be improved. It is proposed for guideline makers to further implement the methodology of guidelines and GRADE to improve the reliability and applicability of the clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation more effectively.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905758

ABSTRACT

guidelines of rehabilitation .Biology Medicine disc, CNKI, Wanfang Data and Medlive database, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, National Guideline Clearinghouse, The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, World Health Organization (WHO) and Guidelines International Network until January 11, 2020. Two researchersindependently screened and cross-checked the literatures, and extracted the basic information of includedguidelines, including the title, formulating institution, published journol, as well as the expert group, the number of expert group, the specific division of labor and their discipline, affiliation and the geographic location, the statement and management of conflict of interest, types of conflicts of interest, and whether to accept fund and the source of the fund.members of the expert panel, 47 (56.0%) reported the subjects and specialties of the panelists, 70 (83.3%) reported the affiliation and location of panelists, 14 (16.7%) mentioned the management of conflicts of interest, and 25 (29.8%) reported if there were conflicts of interest. Only five of the 16 funded guidelines stated that there was no conflict of interest between the funding and the development of the guidelines. Among them, the reporting rate of expert panel was significantly higher in foreign countries than in China (χ2 = 9.542,P < 0.01), the reporting rate of name of expert panel members and specific division of labor were higher in foreign countries than in China (χ2 > 4.155,P < 0.05), and the reporting rate of conflict of interest management was also higher in foreigncountries than in China (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in whether there was a conflict of interest, whether it was funded and the type of funding at home and abroad (P > 0.05).improved in the reporting quality of expert group formulation and division of labor, conflict of interest reporting and management. It is proposed that future guideline developers should follow the WHO Handbook for Guideline Development, assign roles of experts, strengthen the management and reporting of conflicts of interest, andstandarderize the development process and reporting of the guidelines. Objective:To evaluate and analyze the panel composition and conflict of interest management of clinical practice Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were systematically retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, China Results:A total of 84 guidelines were finally included, 17 domestic ones and 67 foreign ones, in which, 52 (61.9%) reported the expert panel; 22 (26.2%) reported the number of expert panel groups, 21 (25.0%) indicated the specific division of work among the members of the expert panel, 74 (88.1%) reported the names of the Conclusion:In gerenal, clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation published at home and abroad are necessary to be

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905757

ABSTRACT

independence improved with the launch of AGREE Ⅱ (Z > 2.130,P < 0.05). The average scores rate ranged from high to low followed as range and purpose (41.6%), clarity (39.9%), participants (24.5%), rigor (23.2%), independence (15.5%) and applicability (12.9%). Objective:To evaluate the methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation using Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II. Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were searched in databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, Wanfang database, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc and related websites from medlive.cn, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, National Guideline Clearinghouse, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, World Health Organization, and Guidelines International Network from establishment to January 11, 2020. Two researchers reviewed literatures and assessed the methodological quality of the guidelines independently by using AGREE II; any disagreements needed to be discussed in a consensus meeting. Results:A total of 84 guidelines were included in the study, with 67 foreign guidelines and 17 domestic guidelines. The average score rate for all the guidelines was 48.1%, in which 49.9% for the foreign guidelines and 40.7% for the domestic guidelines. In the six areas of AGREE II, the average score rate of the foreign guidelines was higher than that of domestic ones (|Z| > 2.034,P < 0.05), expect applicability; the average score rate of clarity and Conclusion:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation is mainly of low quality by AGREE II. Guideline developers need to work after AGREE Ⅱ standard in the future.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905756

ABSTRACT

International Network from establishiment to January 11, 2020. The number, publication date, distribution of countries, journals, institutions, subject areas and methods for developing guidelines of included literatures were analyzed.Chinese and 67 in English. The top four countries that published rehabilitation guidelines were the United States (19 articles), China (17 articles), the United Kingdom (12 articles) and Canada (11 articles). The guidelines were developed mainly by the health professional societies and associations (49 articles). The main health conditions involved stroke (12 articles), cardiovascular disease (9 articles), shoulder joint injury (5 articles), pulmonarydisease (5 articles) and spinal cord injury (5 articles). There were 35 guidelines expressiong evidenceclassification and recommendation intensity (42%), and 22 guidelines (26%) would update regularly.rehabilitation. Most guidelines are based on literature review or expert opinions, while a few are evidence-based. It is proposed to implement standardized approaches to develop clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Objective:To analyze the development trends and issues of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, China Biology Medicine disc, CNKI, Wangfang database, Medlive, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, National Guideline Clearinghouse, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, World Health Organization and Guidelines Results:A total of 84 clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were included, in which there were 17 published in Conclusion:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation focuse on neurological and musculoskeletal system diseases and cardiopulmonary dysfunction. There are relatively few published clinical practice guidelines for

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868688

ABSTRACT

Objective:An investigation on the prevention and control measures taken by radiotherapy centers of various hospitals in Beijing during the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted. The experience was summarized to provide reference for further work.Methods:Electronic questionnaires were distributed to each radiotherapy center through members of the radiation oncology therapeutics branch of Beijing medical association and members of Society of Radiotherapy Specialists (Technicians) of Beijing Medical Doctors Association. Statistical analysis was performed based on the feedback results of electronic questionnaires.Results:All forty radiotherapy centers in Beijing returned the questionnaires by the end of April 10, 2020. Except for the suspension of treatment in one center due to COVID-19 pandemic, all radiotherapy centers have taken corresponding prevention and control measures and continued to carry out radiotherapy. No COVID-19 infection of patients or medical staffs occurred during this pandemic.Conclusions:During the COVID-19 pandemic, all radiotherapy centers attach great importance to optimizing the clinical process and adopt reasonable prevention and control measures. On the basis of efficient prevention and control measures, radiotherapy is delivered to fulfill the treatment demands of cancer patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for cervical adenocarcinoma, and to analyze the treatment and evaluate the prognosis of patients with residual lesions after definitive radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 109 patients with locally advanced cervical adenocarcinoma treated from January 2005 to February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The prescription dose of external irradiation was 50.4 Gy, 28 fractions, and the point A dose of brachytherapy was 30-36 Gy, 5-7 fractions. Cisplatin or paclitaxel was used as concurrent chemotherapy regimen. Clinical efficacy was evaluated after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Patients with clinical partial remission (PR) after treatment might receive salvage surgery and/or chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. The survival analysis was performed with Kaplan Meier method.Results:The median follow-up period was 48 months, and the 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 74.1% and 58.5%, respectively. After concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 72 patients (66.1%) achieved clinical complete remission, and 31 patients (28.4%) obtained PR. After receiving salvage treatment, the 3-year overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate of PR patients were 53.1% and 40.5%, respectively. Only 4 patients (3.7%) and 2 patients (1.8%) had grade 3 or greater urinary and gastrointestinal toxicity after definitive treatment.Conclusion:For patients with cervical adenocarcinoma who have clinical residual lesions after primary treatment, salvage treatment should be actively taken in order to improve survival outcomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868677

ABSTRACT

With the outbreak of COVID-19 around the globe, the epidemic prevention and control in China will take a long-term trend. As the main treatment of gynecological malignant tumor, rational application of radiotherapy bring patients with both "epidemic prevention" and "anti-tumor" benefits. This recommendation combined the domestic epidemic prevention guidelines, foreign literature related to epidemic prevention and gynecological tumor treatment, and the experiences of Peking Union Medical College Hospital during the prophase of epidemic period, aiming to provide guidance for the clinical work for radiotherapy and gynecological departments during COVID-19 crisis from the perspectives of gynecological radiotherapy principles, clinical trials, MDT and academic activities.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anxiety and depression of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy during the epidemic of COVID-19.Methods:By using self-rating anxiety scale and self-rating depression scale, a cross-sectional survey was conducted during the COVID-19 epidemic period.Results:During the COVID-19 epidemic period, the incidence of anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy was 15.8% and 27.7% respectively, of which 12.9% suffered from both anxiety and depression. The average scores of anxiety and depression were 49.4(25/76) and 46.4(25/83), respectively, which were higher than those of the domestic norm. Age is a contributing factor for anxiety, and patients living in urban are more likely to experience depression.Conclusions:The prevalence of anxiety and depression of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy are higher than healthy people during the COVID-19 outbreak. We should pay more attention to the psychological states of the cancer patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value by analyzing the application of abdominal aortic balloon occlusion in the uterine curettage treatment for patients with cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).Methods:Totally 42 CSP patients in the first Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed retrospectively, 21 cases in the observation group, placing the balloon catheter to the abdominal aorta under the renal artery under the digital substraction angiography(DSA), conducting curettage under hysteroscopy or uterine laparoscopy immediately, and making intermittent blockage in abdominal aorta blood flow during the surgery;21 patients in the control group, conducting uterine artery embolization (UAE) before operation, conducting curettage under hysteroscopy or uterine laparoscopy after 1-3 days. The fluoroscopy time under DSA, body surface radiation dose, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, incidence of postoperative adverse reactions, hospitalization time and follow-up menstruation were comparatively analyzed.Results:All patients operated and retained the uterus successfully. In the control group, all 21 patients had different degrees of fever, pain and other symptoms after UAE. In the observation group and control group, the fluoroscopy time and body surface radiation dose under DSA respectively were (7.4±1.4) s, (5.4±1.1) mGy and (1 142.8±315.5) s, (1 442.0±300.0) mGy (both P<0.01);the average amount of intraoperative blood loss were (22±15), (19±14) ml ( P>0.05), the time of uterine curettage were (37±20), (42±19) minutes ( P>0.05);hospitalization time were (5.0±0.9), (7.7±1.3) days ( P<0.01). The follow-up period was more than 3 months, no adverse reactions were observed in the observation group; 4 cases of menstrual reduction and 1 case of intrauterine adhesions were found in the control group. Conclusion:Abdominal aortic balloon occlusion and UAE could effectively reduce intraoperative bleeding in uterine curettage for patients with CSP; abdominal aortic balloon occlusion has significant reduction of the X-ray dose, shorter hospitalization time, and fewer adverse events comparing to UAE.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of addition and subtraction therapy of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan combined with acupuncture for acute migraine attack with syndrome of wind phlegm blocking collaterals and to investigate its effect on neurovascular active medium. Method:One hundred and thirty-four patients were randomly divided into control group(67 cases) and observation group (67 cases)by random number table. During the treatment, 63 patients completed the study in control group (loss to follow-up in 2 cases, and elimination in 2 cases). 64 patients completed the study in observation group (loss to follow-up in 3 cases). Patients in both groups got ibuprofen sustained release tablets, 1 tablet/time, 2 times/day, Zolmitriptan tablets, 2.5 mg/time, 1 time/day, which were stopped when symptoms got relieved. Patients in control group got acupuncture treatment, 1 time/day, and Zhengtian pills by oral administration, 6 g/time, 2 times/day. Based on the treatment of acupuncture in control group, patients in observation group additionally received addition and subtraction therapy of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan, 1 dose/day, with a treatment course of 10 days in both groups. Before treatment, at the first day (2, 4 , 12 , 24 h) and second to tenth day after the treatment, scores of pain visual analoguescale (VAS) were graded; before and after treatment, scores of duration and degree of headache, concomitant symptoms, number of headache attacks, syndrome of wind phlegm blocking collaterals, migraine specific quality of life scale (MSQ) were graded. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and β endorphin (β -EP) were detected before and after treatment. Result:The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.115, P<0.05). At the second and fourth hour after treatment, VAS scores were decreased in both groups, but there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. At the 12th and 24th hour after treatment, VAS scores were increased as compared with those at the previous time point (P<0.01), and VAS scores in observation group at the 12th and 24th hour were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference in onset time for pain, effective rate for pain at second hour after treatment and the disappearance rate of pain at the third day after treatment. Time to pain relief in observation group was shorter than that in control group (P<0.01). Degree of headache, duration of headache, number of headache attacks and accompanying symptoms were all lower than those in control group, while scores of MSQ and the total score of MSQ were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Recurrence rate of pain in observation group was 18.75% (12/64), lower than 36.51% (23/63) in control group at the 24th hour (P<0.05). Disappearance rate of pain in observation group was 70.31% (45/64) and 90.63% (58/64) at the fifth day and tenth day after treatment, higher than 52.38% (33/63) and 76.19% (48/63) in control group (P<0.05). Levels of NO, β-EP and 5-HT were higher than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of CGRP and ET-1 were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Chuanxiong Chatiaosan combined with acupuncture in the treatment of acute migraine attack in patients, has equivalent effect in terms of rapid pain relief, but with advantages of long-lasting analgesic effect, low recurrence rate, high pain relief rate and disappearance rate. In addition, it can also regulate neurovascular active mediators, more effectively control acute migraine attack, and improve the quality of life of patients, with a better clinical efficacy.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL