Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 103
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911395

ABSTRACT

Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (CLAH) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which is characterized by adrenal insufficiency and 46, XY sex reversal. Two cases of CLAH with 46, XY karyotype exhibited male external genitalia were reported to explore the clinical and genetic features. A retrospective analysis of CLAH with relevant literatures was performed.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885111

ABSTRACT

To report the clinical, imaging, and pathological feature of a rare case of central precocious puberty with primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease(PPNAD), and to conduct a retrospective analysis of PPNAD with relevant literatures. The pubic hair was found in the child for more than one year. Physical examination showed Cushing′s syndrome. ACTH in blood decreased, cortisol rhythm was disordered, 24-hour urine free cortisol increased and the paradoxical increase of urine free cortisol after high dose dexamethasone suppression test. Adrenal enhancement computed tomography(CT)showed multiple small nodular shadows in bilateral adrenal glands. Gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH)stimulation test supported central precocious puberty and GnRH analogue was used to control the sexual development. PPNAD was supported by pathology result. The symptoms of Cushing′s syndrome were relieved partially after left adrenalectomy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment effects of children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome (non-DS-AMKL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 children with non-DS-AMKL treated in the Pediatric Hematology Ward in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory test and treatment methods of the children were concluded. All patients were followed up to evaluate the effect of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The 19 cases of children included nine male and ten female, the median age of onset was 2 years old. The clinical manifestations showed nonspecific. The median white blood cell of peripheral blood was 15.88×10@*CONCLUSION@#Non-DS-AMKL was rare in children and difficult to be diagnosed. Determination of MICM classification as early as possible was helpful for diagnosis, and genetic testing played an important role for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. Early hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with CR after chemotherapy might be an effective way to cure AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , DNA Helicases , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia type 1 and joint laxity.@*METHODS@#High-throughput sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze potential variant of the B3GALT6 gene.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing has identified 2 variants of the B3GALT6 gene in the patient, namely c.694C>T and c.539_540insCCT, which were respectively derived from his father and mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.694C>T and c.539_540insCCT variants of the B3GALT6 gene probably underlie the disease in the patient. The result has enabled molecular diagnosis, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for his family.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC) on children with refractory graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and to judge the efficacy of BMMSC by dynamically monitoring the changes of cytokines in children with GVHD before and after infusion of BMMSC, so as to provide a theoretical basis for clarifying the mechanism of BMMSC.@*METHODS@#17 children with refractory aGVHD including 7 of grade II, 6 cases of grade III and 4 cases of grade IV after allo-HSCT were enrolled. All the children with aGVHD, who received routine immunosuppressive therapy, but the state of disease not improved, were treated with immunosuppressive drugs combined with BMMSC infusion. Study endpoints included safety of BMMSC infusion, response to BMMSC, and overall response of aGVHD. The serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-8 and TNF-α in aGVHD patients were measured by chemiluminescence before infusion of BMMSCs and Day 7, Day 14 after infusion of BMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative median dose of BMMSCs was 5.5 (3.4-11.1) × 10/kg for average of 3.7 times, and the median time of 16.5 (4-95) days for the first infusion of MSCs. In 17 cases of refractory GVHD, 14 responded to treatment, whereas 3 patients failed. The total effective rate was 82.4% and no adverse reactions occurred. Of the 14 survived cases (82.4%), the median follow-up time was 944 (559-1245) days from the first infusion of MSCs. The levels of TNF-α in children with grade II, III and IV GVHD before treatment were 9.5±4.3 pg/ml, 16.3±10.9 pg/ml and 35.8±21.2 pg/ml respectively. The difference between grade II and IV, III and IV was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the ineffective group of BMMSC infusion, the serum TNF-αlevel in the BMMSCs treatment effective group was 10.8±5.6 pg/ml vs 40.6±14.8 pg/ml (t=-3.901, P<0.05) before treatment. In the effective group of BMMSCs infusion, IL-10 20±17.4 pg/ml of day 14 was significantly higher than that 7.3±3.1 pg/ml before the treatment (t=-2.850, P<0.05), while , the serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α were not statistically significantly different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The infusion of BMMSC is safe and effective in the treatment of refractory GVHD in children. TNF-αlevel relates with the severity of GVHD. BMMSC may play an anti-GVHD role by up regulating the level of cytokine IL-10 in vivo.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 335-340, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of membrane induction technique in the treatment of postoperative infection of tibial plateau fractures in adults.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 21 adult patients with postoperative infection of tibial plateau fractures treated with membrane induction technique from April 2013 to May 2017 in Southwest Hospital of Army Medical University. There were 19 males and two females, aged 19-60 years [(44.1±5.8)years]. There was one patient with type IV fractures, 14 with type V, and 6 with type VI according to the initial fracture typing by Schatzker's classification. There were three patients with infection period of within 3 weeks, 12 of 3-10 weeks, and 6 of over 10 weeks. All patients underwent two-stage operation using membrane induction technique to place cement in the bone defect area. After removal of internal fixation and thorough debridement, antibiotic cement and internal fixation plate were placed at stage I. Bone graft and reconstruction was performed at stage II. The infection indicators were recorded. Infection indices were monitored, including white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Clearance of infection, bony union and complications were evaluated. Range of motion (ROM) and scoring of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) were used to evaluate the function of knee joint.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-62 months with an average of 23.5 months. Compared with 3 months after stage II, the indicators of infection at stage I showed that WBC was decreased from (10.6±2.3)×10 9/L to (6.7±3.5)×10 9/L, ESR decreased from (26.0±5.3)mm/h to (12.1±4.3)mm/h, and CRP decreased from (10.0±1.5)mg/L to (5.8±1.0)mg/L ( P<0.05). Infection was cleared in 17 patients after stage I operation, and the other 4 patients had infection recurrence, which were given stage I debridement again to control the infection. Two patients were treated with local flap transfer to cover the wound because of skin soft tissue defect after debridement. Another two patients underwent knee arthrodesis, and none was amputated. X-ray film indicated bony union in 21 patients at 46 months (mean, 4.5 months) after operation, and clinical bone healing was acquired in all 21 patients. One patient showed donor site infection. No nonunion, recurrence of infection after stage II, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism occured after the second stage. At the latest follow-up, ROM in patients with infection periods within 3 weeks and 3-10 weeks was singnificantly improved from [(95.2±10.4)° and (85.7±11.5)°] to [(120.2±10.5)° and (98.6±12.2)°] ( P<0.01), but not in patients with infection periods of over 10 weeks ( P>0.05). The HSS score in all patients was significantly improved after operation [(65.6±8.2)points vs. (82.0±6.6)points]( P<0.01). Conclusion:For adult patients with tibial plateau fracture, membrane induction technique can effectively control the postoperative infection, achieve clinical bone healing and improve the knee function.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1091-1094, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876820

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the measurement of intraocular pressure(IOP)through a bandage contact lens with the “native” measurement by rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry in patients after pterygium excision. <p>METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients(50 eyes)undergone pterygium excision(unilateral nasal, primary pterygium, horizontal length <4mm), and conjunctival autografting were included in this prospective study. IOP measurements were obtained by Rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry in random order with(lens measurement)and without(native measurement)a bandage contact lens half a month after operation. We compared the mean values(validity parameter)and standard deviation(precision parameter)of the two individual measurements in each case using the paired t-test 14d after surgery. <p>RESULTS: With the rebound tonometry we detected statistically significant higher values in the contact lens measurements(18.20±3.19 <i>vs</i> 15.17±3.80mmHg in the native measurements; <i>P</i><0.001), a good correlation with <i>r</i>=0.884 and mean difference was 3.04±1.79mmHg; With the non-contact tonometry we detected statistically significant higher values in the contact lens measurements(15.74±3.23 <i>vs</i> 13.19±3.89mmHg in the native measurements; <i>P</i><0.001), a good correlation with <i>r</i>=0.876 and mean difference was 2.55±1.88mmHg. In the contact lens measurements and native measurements, we detected statistically significant higher values by Rebound tonometry than that by non-contact tonometry(<i>P</i><0.001), and mean difference was 2.46±1.45mmHg, 1.98±1.67mmHg. <p>CONCLUSION: The use of rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry shows good consistency between lens measurement and native measurement. However, it should be noted that the average of the measurements over contact lens by rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry were found to be higher than that in native measurement, and the average of the measurements with and without lens by rebound tonometer was found to be higher than what was measured by non-contact tonometry.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825685

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of the first local outbreak of dengue fever in Huangzhou District, Huanggang City, Hubei Province in August 2019, to evaluate the treatment effect of the epidemic situation, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of dengue fever in the future. Methods Retrospective investigation was carried out according to the case definition. The serum IgM, IgG, NS1 antigen, and dengue virus nucleic acid of the patients were detected. The density of mosquito larvae was monitored by Breteau index and the density of adults was monitored by a double mosquito net method. Results A total of 50 cases were detected from the first case on June 21 to the last case on September 11. No severe cases or deaths occurred. The main clinical manifestations were fever (94.00%), weakness (78.00%), headache (48.00%), muscle and joint pain (37.00%), and skin rashes (26.00%). The epidemic peak was from August 20 to September 1. The cases were distributed in two villages adjacent to one street (Yuwang Street) (49 cases in Weijialiangting Village and 1 case in Fanjiawan Village). Among the patients, 23 were male and 27 were female. The male to female ratio was 0.85:1. The age of onset was mainly 50 years and above, accounting for 89.1%. The occupational distribution was dominated by farmers and housework and unemployed, each accounting for 26.10%, followed by workers at 13.00%. The epidemic family aggregation was obvious. Eight cases were positive for dengue virus nucleic acid and the genotype was DENV-1. From the discovery of the outbreak to the end of the emergency response, the living environment of villagers of all towns (streets) in Huangzhou District had been significantly improved, and BI of key streets dropped below 5. Conclusion This was a local outbreak caused by an imported case. Insufficient medical personnel for the diagnosis and identification, poor environmental sanitation, and high mosquito density were the main reasons for the outbreak of dengue fever. The focus of prevention and control is the early detection and standardized management of infection sources, the cleaning of mosquito breeding environment and the rapid killing of adult mosquitoes.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1091-1094, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821595

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the measurement of intraocular pressure(IOP)through a bandage contact lens with the “native” measurement by rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry in patients after pterygium excision. <p>METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients(50 eyes)undergone pterygium excision(unilateral nasal, primary pterygium, horizontal length <4mm), and conjunctival autografting were included in this prospective study. IOP measurements were obtained by Rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry in random order with(lens measurement)and without(native measurement)a bandage contact lens half a month after operation. We compared the mean values(validity parameter)and standard deviation(precision parameter)of the two individual measurements in each case using the paired t-test 14d after surgery. <p>RESULTS: With the rebound tonometry we detected statistically significant higher values in the contact lens measurements(18.20±3.19 <i>vs</i> 15.17±3.80mmHg in the native measurements; <i>P</i><0.001), a good correlation with <i>r</i>=0.884 and mean difference was 3.04±1.79mmHg; With the non-contact tonometry we detected statistically significant higher values in the contact lens measurements(15.74±3.23 <i>vs</i> 13.19±3.89mmHg in the native measurements; <i>P</i><0.001), a good correlation with <i>r</i>=0.876 and mean difference was 2.55±1.88mmHg. In the contact lens measurements and native measurements, we detected statistically significant higher values by Rebound tonometry than that by non-contact tonometry(<i>P</i><0.001), and mean difference was 2.46±1.45mmHg, 1.98±1.67mmHg. <p>CONCLUSION: The use of rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry shows good consistency between lens measurement and native measurement. However, it should be noted that the average of the measurements over contact lens by rebound tonometry and non-contact tonometry were found to be higher than that in native measurement, and the average of the measurements with and without lens by rebound tonometer was found to be higher than what was measured by non-contact tonometry.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of combination chidamide and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the treatment of childhood acute T lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).@*METHODS@#Seven children with acute T lymphoblastic leukemia received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in SUN Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of SUN Yat-Sen University were selected. 7 cases of T-ALL were divided into 2 groups: HSCT plus chidamide-treated group (4 cases) and traditional HSCT-treated group (3 cases) as control. The incidence of GVHD and other related complications, as well as implantation, recurrence and survival were compared between the two groups, and the side effects of chidamide were observed. All the patients were follow-up until January 2019.@*RESULTS@#All the 7 patients were alive and, there was no difference in the incidence of acute GVHD between the HSCT plus chidamides treated group and the traditional HSCT-treated group. The implantation rate of HSCT was 100%, and there were no recurrence occurred. During the application of chidamide, 3 cases showed adverse reactions, of which 2 cases had adverse reactions of grade 3 or higher, and 2 cases were hematological adverse reactions (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), other adverse reactions were non-hematologic adverse reactions (transaminase elevation, fatigue, nausea, vomiting), there were no serious adverse reactions occurred. In the HSCT plus chidamide-treated group, 2 cases were found that mature lymphocytes were not expressed by tumors, during examing for minimal redidaul disease (MRD). Compared with the immunophenotype and TCR rearrangement at first diagnosis, the results did not support the source of residual T-ALL tumor cells. During the review of MRD, it was found that the abnormal T cells showed an increasing trend, indicating that chidamide might induce leukemia cell differentiation through some pathways.@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an effective method to cure children's T-ALL. In some cases, abnormal T-cell nonclonal amplification occurs during the application of chidamide, and the children with T-ALL can tolerable adverse reactions of chidamide.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the developmental model of physical activities and function of older adults in the perspective of ICF to research the influence of physical activities on their body function, activity and participation, including related environmental factors and personal health behavior. Methods:Theory and methods of ICF had been implemented. Results:A framework of physical activities and overall function for aging people was developed based on ICF. Physical activities positively affected on the overall function, activities of daily living and participation for aging people. Different exercises played different roles on fitness, motor function and cognitive function. Conclusion:The theoretical framework of physical activities and functional health for aging people has been established based on the bio-psycho-social model of ICF. For aging people, physical activities contribute to improvement of functioning and health, such as overall function, functional independence and activities of daily living, as well as physical fitness, and cognitive function. There are different effects of different types of sports on the body function for aging people. Moderate to moderate-vigorous aerobic (endurance) exercise could reduce 30% or more the risks of morbidity and mortality. Exercise and sports may delay or prevent the impairment of cognitive function. Long-term resistance exercise and aerobic exercise can reduce the risk of dementia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744567

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current status of physical activities for children with intellectual disabilities based on ICF, to discuss the effects of physical activities on the health, and the approaches and its precautions.Methods The theory and method of ICF had been adopted. Literature review and theoretical research methods were implemented.Results In the way of participating physical activity, children with intellectual disabilities would improve not only their physical fitness, but also their mood and quality of life, and reduce their health risks.Conclusion Children with intellectual disabilities faced barriers in physical activities. It recommended to develop policies and provide support and guidance services to promote their participation of physical activities. It is necessary to develop policies to encourage children with intellectual disabilities to participate in community-based physical activities and provide adaptive facility and equipment, guidance and supportive services.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1672-1677, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, prevention and treatment of invasive fungal disease (IFD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 164 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of IFD in our center from January 2012 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence, clinical characteristics, related factors, treatment methods and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 1289 cases of blood diseases, 164 cases suffered from IFD with inciduce of 12.7%. The main infection sites were as followed: lung, blood and gastrointestinal tract, with incidence of 84.2%, 5.5% and 3% respectively. The funge was found in 35 cases by detection; among fungi, the detected rate of candida albicans. aspergillus and candida glabrata was more high with 51.5%, 20% and 14.3% respectively. Among 164 childen with blood deseases complicated by IFD, 36 cases gained complete remission, 97 cases gained partial remission, 10 cases were stable, 11 cases were progressive and 10 cases died, the overall effective rate reached 81.1%. The univariate analysis showed that the gramulopenia, granulocyte recovery, long-term use of corticosteroid and immuno-suppressive agents, as well as different grades of diagnosis were significant factors affecting the efficacy of antifungal therapy for blood disease children with IFD, the multivariate analysis further showed that the granulocyte recovery and diagnosis grades were independent prognostic factors affecting the therapeutic efficacy for IFD children. The overall survival rate of IFD children with 12 weeks of antifungal treatnment was 81.7%, out of which the survival rate of IFD children at 12 weeks of treatment with itraconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B and caspofungin was 81.4%, 80%, 69.4% and 97.1% respectively, there were significant differences in survival rate between each other by long rank test. In addition of caspofungin, the other 3 kinds of drugs had toxic side effects of different degrees, but IFD children could tolerated these effects after symptomatic treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of IFD in children with blood deseases in our hospital is 12.7%, the lung is most common infective site, moreover patogens of IFD mainly is candida. The promotion of granulocyte recovery and early stratified diagnosis can contribule to the treatment of IFD. For the IFD children with better economic condition, the caspofungin is a potent antifungal agent with high efficacy, low toxicity and better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , Antifungal Agents , Child , Hematologic Diseases , Humans , Invasive Fungal Infections , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether cell preservation solution can prolong the survival time of leukemia cells and increase the survival rate, so as to improve the detection rate of central nervous system leukemia.@*METHODS@#Kasumi cells were added into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) supernatant with or without cell preservation solution to compare cell viability and biological characteristics at different time point. Wright Giemsa staining was used to compare cell morphology; cell counting, CCK-8 method, and trypan blue staining were used to compare the cell number, and flow cytometry was used to compare the cell viability. The expression of AML-ETO tumor fusion gene was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#At different time points (8 h and 24 h), the survival, molecular biological characteristics and RT-PCR result of the cells in CSF with cell preservation solution were significantly better than those in normal cerebrospinal fluid.@*CONCLUSION@#Cell preservation solution can effectively improve the survival time and survival rate of leukemic cells, thereby increase the detection rate of CNS leukemia.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Humans , Leukemia , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743518

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the significance of the cut point of peak level of luteinizing hormone (LH) in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist test in the diagnosis of precocious puberty in obese girls.Methods According to the diagnostic criteria of children's central precocious puberty diagnosis consensus (2015),796 cases of precocious puberty (peak level of LH ≥3.3 IU/L) in Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2014 to December 2015 were divided into normal weight group (573 cases),overweight group (170 cases) and obesity group (53 cases).The 3 groups were compared in terms of basic level of LH,basic level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH),peak level of LH and FSH,ratio of LH (peak)/FSH (peak),sex hormone binding protein (SHBG),and children with 3.3 IU/L ≤peak level of LH <5.0 IU/L were followed up.The accuracy of the diagnosis of central precocious puberty using peak level of LH was analyzed by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results The median of LH (peak) in the obese group was 6.92 IU/L,the median of SHBG was 46.52 nmol/L,the median of LH (peak) in normal weight group was 8.92 IU/L,and the median of SHBG was 87.28 nmol/L.There were significant differences between the 2 groups (P < 0.05,0.001).A total of 89 cases in normal weight group and 65 cases of obesity/overweight group (3.3 IU/L ≤peak level of LH <5.0 IU/L) were followed up for 1 year,and 18 cases in normal weight group and 33 cases in obesity/overweight group developed to central precocious puberty,while the number of cases in the 2 groups was significantly different (P <0.001).The ROC curve analysis showed that the cut point of peak level of LH was 4.16 IU/L,the sensitivity was 0.606,the specificity was 0.656,and the Jordan index was the largest (0.344).Conclusions The peak level of LH in GnRH agonist test is important for the diagnosis of central precocious puberty in girls,but the effect of body mass index on its cut point needs to be considered.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 601-607, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844608

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of oridonin (ORI) on proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle and migration of esophageal squamous carcinoma cell (ESCC) lines KYSE-150 and KYSE-450. Methods The effect of ORI on the proliferation and clony formation of esophageal cancer cells were detected by MTT and colony formation assays. Flow cytometry was performed to examine the impact of ORI on cell apoptosis and cell cycle. Transwell assay was applied to detect the role of ORI on cell migration. The effect of ORI on the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, cell cycle inhibitory protein p21Cip1/Waf1, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were examined by Western blotting. Results ORI had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation, migration and clone formation of KYSE-150 and KYSE-450 cells (P<0. 05) in a time and dose-dependent manner. With the increase of ORI concentration, apoptosis rate and the proportion of cells in G2/M phase increased significantly (P<0. 05), and the proportion of cells in G0/G1 phase decreased significantly (P < 0. 0 5). Bcl-2, vimentin and p-catenin were down-regulated and p21Cipl/Wafl, Ecadherin were up-regulated after treatment of ORI on ESCC cells for 48 hours. Conclusion ORI may inhibit ESCC cell proliferation and clony formation by inducing apoptosis and resting cells in G2/M phase, and suppress ESCC cell migration via inhibiting EMT process.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689556

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the curative effect and safety of menchymal stem cell infusion in treatment of children with refractory late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis(LOHC) after allogeneic HSCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty cases of children with refractory LOHC after allo-HSCT in our department between December 2010 and July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, out of 30 cases 7 received MSC treatment. The used MSC of all were four-to-five generation MSC from bone marrows of third party donors, and were infused into patients with (1.87±0.456)×10/kg MSCs once a week (1-4 times in total) until the hematuria and odynuria symptoms being improved. To observe whether unfavorable reactions occurred after MSC treatment, the patients accepted daily physical examination and regular assistant examination. The cytokine levels were also measured and dynamically detected in 2 cases before and after MSC treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 30 children with refractory LOHC, the hematuria difficultly reached the remission after routine hydration, alkalizing and antiviral therapy, Among 25 cases who were received methylprednisolone, MTX and CTX therapy, 7 cases received MSC infusion for 1-4 times with dose of (1.87±0.456)×10/(kg·time) as a result, 7 cases of LOHC were cured. The TNF-α and IL-2R levels in 2 cases progressively decreased after MSC infusion, no occurence of fever, rash, embolism and so on were found in 7 cases received MSC infusion; the BKV detection showed that the viral load did not increase; the leukemia relapse or secondary cancer did not occure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MSC treatment is safe and effective for refractory LOHC after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1167-1173, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prospectively study the correlation BKV with the occurrence and development of late onset hemorrhagic cystitis (LOHC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of a total of 276 patients with allo-HSCT in our department between January 1998 and March 2016 were analyzed ratrospectvely. Quantitative Real-time PCR assay was used to prospectively monitor the BKV DNA load of the urine and plasma for 23 patients accepting allo-HSCT from August 2015 to March 2016.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LOHC(24.28%) occurred in 67 of 276 cases with allo-HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that age older than 6 years, different diseases, unrelated donor, pretreatment with BU, Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD significantly correlated with LOHC. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age older than 6 years (P<0.01), pretreatment with BU(P<0.05), and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P= 0.011) were the independent risk factors for LOHC. Among 23 patients after allo-HSTC, 10 of which were positive of urine BKV, and LOHC occurred in 6 cases. The positive rate of urine BKV (85.7%)in group LOHC was significantly higher than that in the group LOHC(25.0%)(χ=5.043, P<0.01). The incidence of LOHC positively correlated with the positive rate of BKV (r=0.564, P<0.01), and the severity of LOHC positively correlated with urinary BKV load (r = 0.502, P<0.01). And 5 of 6 petriatic patients with LOHC had aGVHD. All of them were subject to the strengthened antiviral treatment, and 4 of them accepted intensive immunosuppression therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Age ≥6 years old, precenditioning regieme with BU and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ are independent risk factors for LOHC after allo-HSCT, the positive rate of urine BKV load positively correlates with the severity of LOHC after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors , Transplantation, Homologous
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 237-244, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687832

ABSTRACT

Post-incision pain often occurs after surgery and is emergent to be treated in clinic. It hinders the rehabilitation of patients and easily leads to various types of postoperative complications. Acupuncture-combined anesthesia (ACA) is the combination of traditional acupuncture and modern anesthesia, which means acupuncture is applied at acupoints with general anesthesia. It was testified that ACA strengthened the analgesic effect and reduced the occurrence of postoperative pain, but its mechanism was not clear. Numerous reports have shown that chemokine receptor CX3CR1 is involved in the development and progression of many pathological pains. The present study was aimed to reveal whether ACA played the analgesic roles in the post-incision pain by affecting CX3CR1. A model of toe incision pain was established in C57BL/6J mice. The pain threshold was detected by behavioral test, and the expression of CX3CR1 protein was detected by immunohistochemical method and Western blot. The results showed that the significant mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were induced by paw incision in the mice. Mechanical allodynia was significantly suppressed by ACA, but thermal hyperalgesia was not changed. CX3CR1 was mainly expressed in microglia in the spinal cord dorsal horn, and its protein level was significantly increased at 3 d after incision compared with that of naïve C57BL/6J mice. ACA did not affect CX3CR1 protein expression at 3 d after incision in the toe incision model mice. Paw withdrawal threshold was significantly increased at 3 d after incision in CX3CR1 knockout (KO) mice compared with that in the C57BL/6J mice. But the analgesic effect of ACA was disappeared in CX3CR1 KO mice. Accordingly, it was also blocked when neutralizing antibody of CX3CR1 was intrathecally injected (i.t.) 1 h before ACA in the C57BL/6J mice. These results suggest that CX3CR1 in microglia is involved in post-incision pain and analgesia of ACA.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen for treatment of children with acute myelocytic leukemia(non-M3).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-three patients aged 1-13 with acute myelocytic leukemia (non-M3) were diagnosed from January 2013 to June 2017. FAB typing showed that 1 case in M0, 4 cases in M1, 12 cases in M2, 5 cases in M4, 8 cases in M5, 1 case in M6, and 2 cases in M7; Risk stratification showed that: 19 cases in standard risk, and 14 cases in high risk. All patients were treated with NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen. SPSS 22.0 software was used, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis method and Cox regression model were used for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the first course of treatment (AIET), among 33 child patients there were 27 cases with complete remission, and 5 cases with non-remission, thus the remission rate was 81.8%. Out of the 5 child patients without remission, 4 cases reached to the complete remission after the second course (AM), and 1 case did not remission, thus the total remission rate was 96.9%.9 cases (27.3%) underwent bone marrow recurrence and the median recurrence time was 30 months after complete continuous remission. Univariate analysis showed that age and erythrocyte transfusion frequency were significant factors to affect the early treatment response; the multiple Cox regression analysis showed that: age >7, MRD positive, erythrocyte transfusion >4 times and poor response to early treatment were independent risk factors for recurrence; Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT) in 8 high-risk children received enhanced chemotherapy had better efficacy as compared with the chemotherapy alone. The 3-year event-free survival rate was 59.9%, and 3-year overall survival rate was 69.2%. 33 children patients experienced varying degrees of infection and myelosuppression, or drug-related gastrointestinal reactions and allergic reactions, patients were tolerable to these side reactions after active symptomatic treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen has high response rate and good tolerance, early treatment response is an important factor influencing prognosis. Age and repeated red blood cell infusions are the important factors influencing the prognosis, which promote bone marrow recurrence in AML children. For the children suffered from clinical high-risk AML, the NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen combined with HSCT can improve the prognosis of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL