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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 838-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative complications are an important cause of death after lung resection. At present, the adoption of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer in China is increasing every year, but the prediction model of postoperative complications of VATS for lung cancer is still lack of evidence based on large sample database. In this study, Thoracic Mortality and Morbidity (TM&M) classification system was used to comprehensively describe the postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection in our center, and the prediction model of complications was established and verified. The model can provide basis for the prevention and intervention of postoperative complications in such patients, and accelerate the recovery of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients underwent VATS major lung resection in our center from January 2007 to December 2018 were collected retrospectively. Only patients with stage I-III lung cancer were included. The postoperative complications were registered strictly by TM&M classification system. The patients were divided into two groups according to the operation period: the early phase group (From 2007 to 2012) and the late phase group (From 2013 to 2018). The baseline data of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching. After matching, binary logistic regression analysis was used to establish the prediction model of complications, and bootstrap internal sampling was used for internal verification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2,881 patients with lung cancer were included in the study, with an average age of (61.0±10.1) years, including 180 major complications (6.2%). Binary Logistic regression analysis of 1,268 matched patients showed: age (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.02-1.06, P<0.001), other period (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.79, P<0.001), pathological type (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.24-2.41, P=0.001), blood loss (OR=1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.003, P=0.03), dissected lymph nodes (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.00-1.04, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for postoperative complications. The ROC curve indicates that the model has good discrimination (C-index=0.699), and the C-index is 0.680 verified by bootstrap internal sampling for 1,000 times. The calibration curve shows a good calibration of the prediction model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TM&M system can comprehensively and accurately report the postoperative complications of thoracoscopic lung cancer surgery. Age, operative period, pathological type, intraoperative bleeding and dissected lymph nodes were independent risk factors for postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection for lung cancer. The established complication prediction model has good discrimination and calibration.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Middle Aged , Morbidity , Nomograms , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921827

ABSTRACT

Breathing pattern parameters refer to the characteristic pattern parameters of respiratory movements, including the breathing amplitude and cycle, chest and abdomen contribution, coordination, etc. It is of great importance to analyze the breathing pattern parameters quantificationally when exploring the pathophysiological variations of breathing and providing instructions on pulmonary rehabilitation training. Our study provided detailed method to quantify breathing pattern parameters including respiratory rate, inspiratory time, expiratory time, inspiratory time proportion, tidal volume, chest respiratory contribution ratio, thoracoabdominal phase difference and peak inspiratory flow. We also brought in "respiratory signal quality index" to deal with the quality evaluation and quantification analysis of long-term thoracic-abdominal respiratory movement signal recorded, and proposed the way of analyzing the variance of breathing pattern parameters. On this basis, we collected chest and abdomen respiratory movement signals in 23 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and 22 normal pulmonary function subjects under spontaneous state in a 15 minute-interval using portable cardio-pulmonary monitoring system. We then quantified subjects' breathing pattern parameters and variability. The results showed great difference between the COPD patients and the controls in terms of respiratory rate, inspiratory time, expiratory time, thoracoabdominal phase difference and peak inspiratory flow. COPD patients also showed greater variance of breathing pattern parameters than the controls, and unsynchronized thoracic-abdominal movements were even observed among several patients. Therefore, the quantification and analyzing method of breathing pattern parameters based on the portable cardiopulmonary parameters monitoring system might assist the diagnosis and assessment of respiratory system diseases and hopefully provide new parameters and indexes for monitoring the physical status of patients with cardiopulmonary disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Respiration , Tidal Volume , Wearable Electronic Devices
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879258

ABSTRACT

As a novel technology, wearable physiological parameter monitoring technology represents the future of monitoring technology. However, there are still many problems in the application of this kind of technology. In this paper, a pilot study was conducted to evaluate the quality of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals of the wearable physiological monitoring system (SensEcho-5B). Firstly, an evaluation algorithm of ECG signal quality was developed based on template matching method, which was used for automatic and quantitative evaluation of ECG signals. The algorithm performance was tested on a randomly selected 100 h dataset of ECG signals from 100 subjects (15 healthy subjects and 85 patients with cardiovascular diseases). On this basis, 24-hour ECG data of 30 subjects (7 healthy subjects and 23 patients with cardiovascular diseases) were collected synchronously by SensEcho-5B and ECG Holter. The evaluation algorithm was used to evaluate the quality of ECG signals recorded synchronously by the two systems. Algorithm validation results: sensitivity was 100%, specificity was 99.51%, and accuracy was 99.99%. Results of controlled test of 30 subjects: the median (Q1, Q3) of ECG signal detected by SensEcho-5B with poor signal quality time was 8.93 (0.84, 32.53) minutes, and the median (Q1, Q3) of ECG signal detected by Holter with poor signal quality time was 14.75 (4.39, 35.98) minutes (Rank sum test,


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Humans , Pilot Projects , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Wearable Electronic Devices
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888236

ABSTRACT

As a low-load physiological monitoring technology, wearable devices can provide new methods for monitoring, evaluating and managing chronic diseases, which is a direction for the future development of monitoring technology. However, as a new type of monitoring technology, its clinical application mode and value are still unclear and need to be further explored. In this study, a central monitoring system based on wearable devices was built in the general ward (non-ICU ward) of PLA General Hospital, the value points of clinical application of wearable physiological monitoring technology were analyzed, and the system was combined with the treatment process and applied to clinical monitoring. The system is able to effectively collect data such as electrocardiogram, respiration, blood oxygen, pulse rate, and body position/movement to achieve real-time monitoring, prediction and early warning, and condition assessment. And since its operation from March 2018, 1 268 people (657 patients) have undergone wearable continuous physiological monitoring until January 2020, with data from a total of 1 198 people (632 cases) screened for signals through signal quality algorithms and manual interpretation were available for analysis, accounting for 94.48 % (96.19%) of the total. Through continuous physiological data analysis and manual correction, sleep apnea event, nocturnal hypoxemia, tachycardia, and ventricular premature beats were detected in 232 (36.65%), 58 (9.16%), 30 (4.74%), and 42 (6.64%) of the total patients, while the number of these abnormal events recorded in the archives was 4 (0.63%), 0 (0.00%), 24 (3.80%), and 15 (2.37%) cases. The statistical analysis of sleep apnea event outcomes revealed that patients with chronic diseases were more likely to have sleep apnea events than healthy individuals, and the incidence was higher in men (62.93%) than in women (37.07%). The results indicate that wearable physiological monitoring technology can provide a new monitoring mode for inpatients, capturing more abnormal events and provide richer information for clinical diagnosis and treatment through continuous physiological parameter analysis, and can be effectively integrated into existing medical processes. We will continue to explore the applicability of this new monitoring mode in different clinical scenarios to further enrich the clinical application of wearable technology and provide richer tools and methods for the monitoring, evaluation and management of chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Heart Rate , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Movement , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Wearable Electronic Devices
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate different incidences of recent complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy at different operation schedules in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods:A total of 730 patients with early stage NSCLC who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomies in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from June 2013 to October 2017 were enrolled. Clinical data were collected retrospectively to calculate the incidence of postoperative complications. Meanwhile, the effects of different operation time periods(before 4pm or after 4pm, working day or weekend) on complications were compared, and the propensity score matching method was used to eliminate the confusion factors that may cause result bias. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to analyze the independent risk factors of postoperative complications.Results:162 patients(22.2%) had complications within one month after thoracoscopic surgeries, and 53(7.3%) of them were major complications. After the propensity scores of the preoperative clinical factors were matched, there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between weekdays and weekends(18.7% vs 23.9%, P=0.267). There was also no significant difference in the effect of complications between the group before 4pm and group after 4pm on surgery(22.1% vs 27.9%, P=0.337). Conclusion:The incidence of recent complications in patients with early stage NSCLC after thoracoscopic lobectomy was as acceptable as 22.2%. The choice of operation schedules did not affect the postoperative complications.

6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828747

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828583

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 723-739, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827018

ABSTRACT

Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus, Ebola virus, and particularly against SARS-CoV-2. Notably, S416 is reported to be the most potent inhibitor so far with an EC of 17 nmol/L and an SI value of 10,505.88 in infected cells. Our results are the first to validate that DHODH is an attractive host target through high antiviral efficacy in vivo and low virus replication in DHODH knock-out cells. This work demonstrates that both S312/S416 and old drugs (Leflunomide/Teriflunomide) with dual actions of antiviral and immuno-regulation may have clinical potentials to cure SARS-CoV-2 or other RNA viruses circulating worldwide, no matter such viruses are mutated or not.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Physiology , Binding Sites , Cell Line , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Virology , Crotonates , Pharmacology , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Influenza A virus , Leflunomide , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Oseltamivir , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidoreductases , Metabolism , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Virology , Protein Binding , Pyrimidines , RNA Viruses , Physiology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Toluidines , Pharmacology , Ubiquinone , Metabolism , Virus Replication
9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 52-56, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734571

ABSTRACT

Objective Compare the efficacy of superselective arterial embolization with observation in the treatment of HFP caused by trauma.Methods From Jan,2013 to Dec,2017,6 traumatic HFP patients were involved into the study,the age range from 18 to 44 years old,with an average age of 26.2 years.The fistula was measured by doppler ultrasonography before the treatment with its longest diameter,and which ranges from 0.8 to 1.4 cm,the average diameter is 1.14 cm.All patients are divided into two groups according to their treatment.Operation group:4 patients underwent the pudendal artery superselective gelatin sponge vascular embolization.Control group:2 cases were treated with local cold compressing under watchful waiting.In control group,patients are treated by local cold compress with ice bag for 3 weeks:15 mins × 10 times every day.The erectile hardness of the patients was observed and the fistula was evaluated by doppler ultrasonography 3 weeks later,and all the patients were reexamined by doppler ultrasonography 1 year later.The erectile hardness was divided into four grades according to the patient~ subjective feelings:grade Ⅰ,the penis was enlarged but not rigid;grade Ⅱ,the penis had hardness,but not enough to insert into the vagina;grade Ⅲ,the penis could be inserted into the vagina,but not to achieve complete erection;grade Ⅳ,the penis fully erect and firm.The erectile function was evaluated with the International Index of Erectile Function-5(IIEF-5) after 1-year's follow-up.Results 4 patients in the operation group were operated successfully without obvious complications after operation.Median follow-up time of all the patients was 21 months (5-50).In group operation,4 cases of surgical patients did not have the recurrence of priapism.There was no obvious abnormality in the color doppler ultrasound of penis.The score of IIEF-5 was 25,24,24 and 23,respectively.Postoperative erectile function made a complete recovery.In group observation,2 patients under watchful waiting still have grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ sustained priapism,IIEF-5 score is 21 and 19 respectively,the penis color doppler ultrasound scan still showed the change of arteriovenous fistula.Conclusion Superselective arterial embolization is effective in the treatment of HFP,and the recovery of sexual function is better after operation compared with watchful waiting.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 248-251, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695169

ABSTRACT

AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of orthokeratology for reducing the progression of myopia in Asia children.?METHODS: Seven databases, including the Cochrane Library, Medline, EMbase, CBM, CNKI, VIP, and WanFang Data, were searched. The published languages were limited to English and Chinese. The risk bias tool provided by Cochrance cooperation and methodological index for non-randomized studies ( MINORS) scale were used to assess the risk bias of included studies (randomized controlled trials and controlled trials). The published biases of included studies were assessed with funnel plot. Meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager 5. 3.? RESULTS: Seven eligible studies, including 478 children, were included, 250 cases in ortho-k group, 228 cases in control group. The Meta-analysis indicated that change in axial length of ortho-k group was significantly less than the control group [WMD=-0. 31, 95%CI(-0. 35,-0. 26), P<0. 001]. Five studies observed adverse effects which all included the effect of positive staining of corneal fluorescein. One study reported chalazion in one child. None of the studies reported severe adverse events.? CONCLUSION: The overall findings suggested that orthokeratology might slow the progression of myopia in children of Asia.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707218

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the kidney safety of tenofovir (TDF) as a first-line antiretroviral drug in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and to analyze the risk factors for TDF nephrotoxicity.Methods Clinical data of treatment-naive adult HIV/AIDS patients were retrospectively collected from Longtan Hospital,Guangxi from September 2010 to June 2013.The estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) between adults HIV/AIDS patients who maintained antiretroviral therapy (TDF/Lamivudine[3TC]/Efavirenz[EFV] and AZT/3TC/EFV groups) for one year or more were compared.The incidences of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal insufficiency were compared between the two groups.The categorical variables were described with the percentage (%) and compared with the chi-square test.Normal distribution data were described with mean±standard deviation and compared with Student t test.Non-normal distribution data were described with M (P25,P75) and compared with nonparametric test.The Cox hazard model was used to determine the risk factors for CKD in uni-and multivariate analyses.Results Among 441 patients enrolled in this study,232 were in TDF group,while 209 in AZT group.At baseline,the median age was 42 (32,51) years;the median weight was 55 (50,60) kg;the mean time of follow-up was (18.5±5.0)months.Eighty-three patients (18.8%) suffered from mild renal dysfunction.During the course of 24-month treatment,eGFR level in TDF group was lower than that in AZT group,with statistical significant difference (all P<0.05).The cumulative incidences of renal hypofunction in the TDF group and AZT group were 18.8% and 5.8%,respectively.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (x2 =8.017,P=0.001).The cumulative incidences of CKD in the TDF and AZT groups were 3.4% and 0.0%,respectively,with statistically significant difference (x2 =4.544,P =0.022).Age (HR=1.148,P<0.01),the baseline eGFR (HR=4.193,P=0.002) were independent risk factors for renal toxicity.The subgroup analysis of TDF group of age <40,40-49,50-59,≥60 years old showed that the cumulative incidences of CKD in the four subgroups were 0,1.9%,5.4% and 11.1%,respectively.The difference among groups was statistically significant (x2 =10.627,P =0.014).Conclusions As the first-line antiretroviral therapy,TDF can cause renal insufficiency in patients with HIV/AIDS,but the incidence of CKD is low.Age and the baseline eGFR are the independent risk factors for TDF-induced renal toxicity.The CKD incidence is significantly elevated among patients over 50 years old who exposed to TDF,especially in patients over 60 years old.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617239

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the expression of transmembrane protein CMTM2 in the testis and sperm of adult males and to approach the potential function of the protein in the male reproductive system.Methods: The expression of CMTM2 in human testis and sperm was confirmed by Western blot.Immunohistochemical staining was used for detecting CMTM2 localization in the testis tissue, TRITC-CMTM2 and FITC-Hoechst double immunofluorescence staining was performed to examine the subcellular localization of CMTM2 in the human sperm before and after acrosome reaction, that is, immunofluorescent staining was used for detecting CMTM2 localization in both the testis and sperm before and after the acrosome reaction.Results: CMTM2 was presented in both human testis and sperm.In the testis, CMTM2 immunoreactive particles were observed mainly in the membrane of the different stages of spermatogenic cells.In the human sperm, its immunoreactivity was restrictively localized to the posterior head where sperm-egg fusion occurred, and the CMTM2 localization was not affected by sperm acrosome reaction.CMTM2 was widely expressed in seminiferous tubules of the human testis, mainly in the cell membranes of spermatogenic cells, which was consistent with the previous reports.The immunofluorescence performed on frozen human testis slides showed similar findings with immunohistochemistry, which gave weight to the localization of CMTM2 in the cell membranes of spermatogenic cells at different stages.TRITC-CMTM2 and FITC-Hoechst double immunofluorescence staining was performed to examine the subcellular localization of CMTM2 in the human sperm before and after acrosome reaction.CMTM2 was localized at the posterior head of sperm before and after acrosome reaction.The localization and expression of CMTM2 were not affected by sperm acrosome reaction.Conclusion: Expression of CMTM2 in the male reproductive system of the adult human exhibits cell-and region-specific patterns, which suggests that they may play an important role in spermatogenesis and sperm-egg fusion.The expression of CMTM2 in the male reproductive system of the adult human exhibits cell-and region-specific patterns, which suggests that they may play an important role in spermatogenesis and sperm-egg fusion.However, it still remains to be further elucidated about the definite role of CMTM2 in male reproductive system and the process of spermatogenesis.And in vitro fertilization experiments are needed to confirm the role of CMTM2 in fertilization in future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the effects of perioperative intravenous administration of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) on pain associated with transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy.Methods: This was a randomized,controlled study.Eighty-one patients who underwent 12 core prostate biopsy were included in the study.The patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups (n=27 in each) by type of procedure during prostate biopsy.Group intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) received intrarectal 5% (0.05 g/L) lidocaine gel 60 mg, 5 minutes before the procedure alone;Group FA received intravenous flurbiprofen axetil (1 mg/kg) 1 hour before the procedure;Group IRLA+FA received intrarectal 5% lidocaine gel 60 mg, 5 minutes before the procedure and intravenous flurbiprofen axetil (1 mg/kg) 1 hour before the procedure.The patients were asked to score the pain by using visual analogue scale (VAS) in 4 situations,including when the probe was inserted (VASⅠ),during anesthesia (VASⅡ),during biopsy (VASⅢ) and 20 minutes after biopsy (VASⅣ).The findings were evaluated with analysis of variance,and the Tukey post hoc test was followed with an overall 2-tailed significance level at α =0.05.P1, P value between Group IRLA and Group FA;P2, P value between Group FA and Group IRLA +FA,P3, P value between Group IRLA and Group IRLA +FA.The bonferroni method was used to adjust the test level, α=0.017,a P value of less than 0.017 was accepted as the threshold for statistical significance.Results: No major complications,including sepsis and severe rectal bleeding,were noted in any patient.There were no differences in general condition of the patients before procedure among the 3 groups.There were statistically significant differences in VAS scores among the 3 groups in VASⅡ (5.7±2.2, 3.0±1.5,3.3±1.9,respectively,P=0.012) and VASⅢ (6.7±2.3,3.0±2.1,2.9±1.6,respectively,P=0.001).There were no differences in the pain scores among the 3 groups during probe insertion (VASⅠ, 3.2±1.0,4.1±2.1,4.2±1.7, respectively,P=5.752) and 20 minutes after biopsy (VASⅣ, 1.4±2.1,1.0±0.9,1.1±0.7,respectively,P=3.772).Between-column differences among the 3 groups were VASⅡ (P1=0.007,P2=5.655,P3=0.001,respectively) and VASⅢ(P1=0.008,P2=7.517,P3=0.001,respectively),the differences between Group IRLA and Group FA,Group IRLA and Group IRLA +FA in VASⅡ and VASⅢ were statistically significant.Conclusion:The intravenous flurbiprofen axetil was found to be more effective than intrarectal lidocaine gel alone.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2045-2049, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669247

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate and evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tobramycin and dexamethasone ointment in the treatment of blepharitis.METHODS:We searched in Pubmed,Medline,Embase,Elsevier,Cochrane Library,Wangfang database,CNKI,VIP database,Sinomed database,and gray literature were performing manual.The efficiency,intraocular pressure,adverse reactions and extract valid data were evaluated.RESULTS:Totally 8 controlled trials were enrolled,including 970 patients.Compared with control groups,the efficiency and the intraocular pressure in experiment group had a statistically significant increase (RR=1.75,95% CI=1.29-2.37,P=0.0003;SMD=1.30,95% CI=0.85-1.75,P<0.00001),and there was no statistic difference in adverse reactions (RR =1.64,95% CI =0.86-3.10,P =0.13).CONCLUSION:Tobramycin and dexamethasone ointment in treatment of blepharitis is effective with no adverse effects.Due to the quality of the literature is low,there is still need high quality randomized controlled trials.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492798

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic stability, immunogenicity and protective efficacy of AdC68-rab. gp, a novel rabies vaccine based on the replication-defective chimpanzee adenoviral vector AdC68-ept. Methods The recombinant adenovirus AdC68-rab. gp expressing the glycoprotein of rabies vi-rus ERA strain was constructed. Genomes of the AdC68-rab. gp of different generations were extracted and analyzed. HEK293 and Huh7 cells were infected with the AdC68-rab. gp of different generations. ICR mice were immunized with the AdC68-rab. gp and blood samples were collected 4 weeks or 6 months after immuni-zation. Rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test ( RFFIT) was performed to detect the neutralizing antibody against rabies virus in mice serum samples. ICR mice were challenged with lethal dose of rabies virus 4 weeks after the immunization with AdC68-rab. gp to evaluate the protective efficacy of AdC68-rab. gp. Re-sults The genome of AdC68-rab. gp was stable after 15 passages, which was identical to that of the 5th and 1st generations. High levels of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus in serum samples were detected in mice immunized with AdC68-rab. gp and maintained for a long period of time. Immunization mice with one dose of AdC68-rab. gp could protect all mice from the lethal dose challenge of rabies virus. Conclusion The novel AdC68-rab. gp was characterized by good genetic stability and ideal protective effi-cacy. The adenoviral vector based vaccine could be further developed as a potential candidate for the substi-tute of current rabies vaccine.

16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 71-81, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757831

ABSTRACT

The p53 signaling pathway works as a potent barrier to tumor progression. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene loci of p53 pathway, p53 codon 72 Arg72Pro and MDM2 SNP309 (T > G), have been shown to cause perturbation of p53 function, but the effect of the two SNPs on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains inconsistent. This study investigated the influence of combined p53 Arg72Pro and MDM2 SNP309 on the risk of developing HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection, and evaluated the significance of the two combined SNPs on patient prognosis. In total, 350 HCC patients, 230 non-HCC patients, and 96 healthy controls were genotyped for the p53 Arg72Pro and MDM2 SNP309. The combined p53 Pro/Pro and MDM2 G/G genotype was significantly associated with HCC risk (P = 0.047). Multivariate analysis indicated that combined p53 Pro/Pro and MDM2 G/G genotype was an independent factor affecting recurrence and survival (P < 0.05). Patients with combined p53 Pro/Pro and MDM2 G/G genotypes had a poorer prognosis than other genotypes, P < 0.01 for both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). DFS and OS rates also differed significantly between Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A patients with combined p53 Pro/Pro and MDM2 G/G and other genotypes (P < 0.05). Thus, the combined p53 Pro/Pro and MDM2 G/G genotype is associated with increased risk of developing HCC and is an independent adverse prognostic indicator in early stage HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Genetics , General Surgery , Virology , Carrier State , Virology , Cohort Studies , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Hepatitis B virus , Physiology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , General Surgery , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 , Genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231659

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate Chinese medical features of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with pulmonary infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using cluster analysis method, Chinese medical syndromes of 196 AIDS patients with pulmonary infection were analyzed. The distribution features of each syndrome type were analyzed according to the severity and CD4+ numerical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Basic Chinese medical syndrome types could be summed up as three kinds: exterior invasion of wind heat and phlegm heat obstructing Fei syndrome (61 cases, 31.1%), Fei-Pi deficiency and Fei stagnation of phlegm syndrome (64 cases, 32.7%), Fei-Shen deficiency and yin deficiency induced inner heat syndrome (71 cases, 36.2%). There was statistical difference in the severity degree and the distribution of CD4 among the three syndrome types (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AIDS patients with pulmonary infection involve Fei, Shen, and Pi. The pathogenic factors were related to "wind", "heat", "phlegm", and "xu". The Chinese medical syndrome distribution was closely correlated with patients' immunity.</p>


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cluster Analysis , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Respiratory Tract Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271705

ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on the capacity changes of the red blood cells carrying and releasing oxygen. In order to provide theoretical basis and guidance for the clinical treatment of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock, we investigated cases in the occurrence of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock, and also analyzed the mechanism of physiological cause. Twenty healthy SD rats were used to build the hemorrhagic shock model. Red blood cells were collected at the initial step, at blood lose 20%, 30%, and 40% to determine the red blood cells capacities of carrying and releasing oxygen. The Hemox-analyzer was used to measure the thermodynamic parameters of the P50, the kinetic parameters of Tc50 and Tr50. The 2,3-DPG, pH value, glucose and lactate dehydrogenase changes were also captured and recorded. With the aggravation of shock, P50 and lactate dehydrogenase are continuously increased, Tr50, pH value and glucose are tended to reduce significantly, and Tc50 does not change significantly. With the increase of blood loss, red blood cell capacity to carry oxygen is stable, and the ability to release oxygen is increased, so that the oxygen consumption cannot be satisfied, which causes organ failure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Erythrocytes , Metabolism , Physiology , Female , Kinetics , Male , Oxygen , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Shock, Hemorrhagic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271781

ABSTRACT

This paper was to explore the effect of blood oxygen saturation (SO2) on oxidative damages of erythrocytes under the condition of oxidative stress. Keeping SO2 of cultured erythrocytes in vitro at the states of 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9 and 0.98, respectively, we induced oxidative stress by tert-buthylhydroperoxide (BHP, 0.15 mmol/L of final concentration). After incubation, antioxidant capacity was assessed by measuring content of reduced glutathin hormone (GSH) in erythrocytes. Methemoglobin (MetHb) content, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, TBARS) and denatured globin-chains on the plasma membrane were measured to assess the extent of oxidative damages. The results showed that in the presence of BHP, GSH contents increased from 0.3 to 0.98 groups; MetHb, TBARS and globin-chains levels all dropped with the rise of SO2. In conclusion, antioxidant capacity and oxidative damages of erythrocytes are closely related to SO2, declined SO2 could promote oxidative damages of erythrocytes.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Erythrocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Physiology , Glutathione , Blood , Humans , Methemoglobin , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Oximetry , Methods , Oxygen , Blood , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances , Metabolism , tert-Butylhydroperoxide , Toxicity
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 115-120, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302473

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in acutely isolated rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons modulated by loureirin B, an active component of "dragon's blood" which is a kind of Chinese herbal medicine, was determined by the means of Fura-2 based microfluorimetry. It was found that loureirin B could evoke the elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) in a dose-dependent manner. However, the elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) evoked in the calcium free solution was much smaller than that in the standard external cell solution, suggesting that most change of [Ca(2+)](i) was generated by the influx of extracellular Ca(2+), not by the activities of intracellular organelles like Ca(2+) stores and mitochondria. In addition, the mixture of loureirin B and caffeine also induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise, but the peak of [Ca(2+)](i) rise induced by the mixture was significantly lower than that by caffeine alone, which means the triggering pathway and the targets of caffeine are probably involved in loureirin B-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise. Moreover, compared to the transients induced by caffeine, KCl and capsaicin, the loureirin B-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise is much slower and more stable. These results indicate that the capability of loureirin B of inducing the [Ca(2+)](i) rise is solid and unique.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caffeine , Pharmacology , Calcium , Metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Neurons, Afferent , Metabolism , Rats , Resins, Plant , Pharmacology
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