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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 393-397, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986084

ABSTRACT

Dental esthetic restoration covers from facial esthetics to dental esthetics, from the realization of macroscopic to microscopic esthetic restoration goals. As an esthetic restorative dentist, he has to face and solve the increasingly high diagnosis and treatment needs of patients, the increasingly standardized needs of the dental industry, and the need for oral health to become an important part of the Healthy China strategy. Dentists engaged in esthetic restoration field should establish a concept and practice system of global esthetic restoration centered on esthetic diagnosis, interdisciplinary esthetic restoration as a means, and characterized by fine microscopic restoration. Dental esthetic restoration dentists should be the designer of esthetic restoration plans and treatment plans, as well as the implementers of the final esthetic effect. Dentists should accurately grasp the global diagnosis concept and practice system of esthetic restoration, and provide standardized and high-quality oral diagnosis and treatment services for more patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 467-473, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985785

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary malignant tumor in the liver after hepatocellular carcinoma. Its incidence and mortality rates have increased worldwide in recent years. Surgical resection is the best treatment modality for ICC;however,the overall prognosis remains poor. Accurate evaluation of post operative prognosis allows personalized treatment and improved long-term outcomes of ICC. The American Joint Commission on Cancer TNM staging manual is the basis for the standardized diagnosis and treatment of ICC;however,the contents of stage T and stage N need to be improved. The nomogram model or scoring system established in the analysis of commonly used clinicopathological parameters can provide individualized prognostic evaluation and improve prediction accuracy;however,more studies are needed to validate the results before clinical use. Meanwhile,imaging features exhibit great potential to establish the post operative prognosis evaluation system for ICC. Molecular-based classification provides an accurate guarantee for prognostic assessment as well as selection of populations that are sensitive to targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Therefore,the establishment of a prognosis evaluation system,based on clinical and pathological characteristics and centered on the combination of multidisciplinary and multi-omics,will be conducive to improving the long-term outcomes of ICC after surgical resection in the context of big medical data.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 278-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of soluble T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) in peripheral blood of patients with pancreatic cancer and its diagnostic value in combination with serum Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) .Methods:106 newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer patients and 65 age and sex matched healthy individuals were enrolled. Tim-3 concentration was quantitatively determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). According to the expression levels of soluble Tim-3 and serum CA19-9, a binary logistic regression model of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was established to compare the diagnostic effects of serum CA19-9 and soluble Tim-3 alone or combined with the two tests.Results:The levels of soluble Tim-3 in the pancreatic cancer group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group ( P<0.001). The expression level of soluble Tim-3 was significantly higher in patients with stage III-IV pancreatic cancer than in patients with stage I-II ( P=0.003). The AUC of soluble Tim-3 diagnosis for stage I-II pancreatic cancer was 0.856 (95%CI: 0.765 to 0.992 P<0.001), Serum CA19-9 The AUC used for the stage I-II pancreatic cancer diagnosis was 0.862 (95%CI: 0.772 to 0.926 P<0.001), The AUC for the combined diagnosis was 0.949 (95%CI: 0.880 - 0.985 P<0.001) ; In a healthy population and in patients with stage III-IV pancreatic cancer, the AUC of soluble T I I-IV pancreatic cancer in stage III was 0.927 (95%CI: 0.873 to 0.963 P<0.001), the AUC of serum CA19-9 used for the diagnosis of stage III-IV pancreatic cancer was 0.933 (95%CI: 0.881 to 0.968 P<0.001), the AUC for the combined diagnosis was 0.989 (95%CI: 0.956 to 0.999 P<0.001) . Conclusions:The combination of soluble Tim-3 and serum CA19-9 can improve the diagnostic rate of pancreatic cancer patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 565-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment experiences and prognostic factors for descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 22 patients with DNM diagnosed and treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to August 2022, including 16 males and 6 females, aged 29-79 years. After admission, all patients underwent CT scanning of the maxillofacial, cervical, and thoracic regions to confirm their diagnoses. Emergency incision and drainage were performed. The neck incision was treated with continuous vacuum sealing drainage. According to the prognoses, the patients were divided into cure group and death group, and the prognostic factors were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the clinical data. Rusults: The main complaints were dysphagia (45.5%, 10/22) and dyspnea (50.0%, 11/22). Odontogenic infection accounted for 45.5% (10/22) and oropharyngeal infection accounted for 54.5% (12/22). There were 16 cases in the cured group and 6 cases in the death group, with a total mortality rate of 27.3%. The mortality rates of DNM typeⅠand typeⅡwere respectively 16.7% and 40%. Compared with the cured group, the death group had higher incidences for diabetes, coronary heart disease and septic shock (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between the cure group and the death group in procalcitonin level (50.43 (137.64) ng/ml vs 2.92 (6.33) ng/ml, M(IQR), Z=3.023, P<0.05) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score (16.10±2.40 vs 6.75±3.19, t=6.524, P<0.05). Conclution: DNM is rare, with high mortality, high incidence of septic shock, and the increased procalcitonin level and APACHE Ⅱ score combined diabetes and coronary heart disease are the poor prognostic factors for DNM. Early incision and drainage combined with continuous vacuum sealing drainage technique is a better way to treat DNM.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mediastinitis/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Procalcitonin , Prognosis , Drainage/adverse effects , Necrosis/therapy
7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 99-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the value of MRI ovarian-adnexal reporting and data system (O-RADS MRI) in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses.MethodsTotally 146 patients (202 masses) with ovarian-adnexal lesions who underwent pelvic examination at 3.0 T MRI according to standardized scan protocol of O-RADS MRI and were pathologically confirmed in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2020 and February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Two radiologists classified the ovarian-adnexal masses as risk levels 1~5 according to O-RADS MRI and evaluated their consistency by Cohen’s kappa. Using pathological findings as the gold standard, the detection yield of malignant lesions with O-RADS MRI classification was analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated (cutoff for malignancy, score ≥ 4).ResultsOf 202 masses, 62 (30.7%) were malignant, 140 (69.3%) were benign. The two radiologists presented good agreement in O-RADS MRI classification of ovarian adnexal masses (Kappa=0.932). The malignancy rates of masses with scores of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 0%, 0%, 7.7%, 95%, 97.6%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 96.8% (60/62), 98.6% (138/140), 98.0% (198/202), 0.977.ConclusionsO-RADS MRI yields high diagnostic efficiency for benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses and its widespread implementation will improve communication between radiologists and clinicians, and facilitate optimal patient management. Therefore, O-RADS MRI warrants widespread use in clinical setting.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2713-2724, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981374

ABSTRACT

The grey correlation-TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the quality of the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, and the Fourier transform near-infrared(NIR) and mid-infrared(MIR) spectroscopy was applied to establish the identification model of origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by combining chemometrics and spectral fusion strategies. The content of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, secoxyloganin, isoquercitrin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, and isochlorogenic acid C in six origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and their quality was evaluated by the grey correlation-TOPSIS method. The Fourier transform NIR and MIR spectra of six origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos(Lonicera japonica, L. macranthoides, L. hypoglauca, L. fulvotomentosa, L. confuse, and L. similis) were collected. At the same time, principal component analysis(PCA), support vector machine(SVM), and spectral data fusion technology were combined to determine the optimal identification method for the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. There were differences in the quality of the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. Specifically, there were significant differences between L. japonica and the other five origin herbs(P<0.01). The quality of L. similis was significantly different from that of L. fulvotomentosa, L. macranthoides, and L. hypoglauca(P=0.008, 0.027, 0.01), and there were also significant differences in the quality of L. hypoglauca and L. confuse(P=0.001). The PCA and SVM 2D models based on a single spectrum could not be used for the effective identification of the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. The data fusion combined with the SVM model further improved the identification accuracy, and the identification accuracy of the mid-level data fusion reached 100%. Therefore, the grey correlation-TOPSIS method can be used to evaluate the quality of the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. Based on the infrared spectral data fusion strategy and SVM chemometric model, it can accurately identify the origin herbs of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, which can provide a new method for the origin identification of medicinal materials of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Quality Control , Lonicera/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2343-2351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1312-1316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978625

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial function is essential for the viability of aerobic eukaryotic cells, as mitochondria provide energy through the generation of adenosine triphosphate(ATP), regulate cellular metabolism, provide redox balancing, participate in immune signaling, and initiate apoptosis. Mitophagy refers to the selective elimination of dysfunctional mitochondria in cells, thereby achieving mitochondrial quality control and maintaining cell homeostasis. Recent studies have indicated that abnormal mitophagy is involved in the development of various eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy(DR), age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the definition of mitophagy, and present the results of various studies using cell culture, animal, and human tissue models. Additionally, we review the molecular process of mitophagy and its role in DR, thus providing novel ideas for the treatment of DR.

11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 152-157, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971026

ABSTRACT

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) deletion is among the most common mutations in prostate cancer (PCa), but its role remains unclear. In this study, RNA sequencing was conducted in PCa cells after clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-based CHD1 knockout. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated upregulation of hypoxia-related pathways. A subsequent study confirmed that CHD1 deletion significantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. Mechanistic investigation revealed that CHD1 deletion upregulated HIF1α by transcriptionally downregulating prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2), a prolyl hydroxylase catalyzing the hydroxylation of HIF1α and thus promoting its degradation by the E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL). Functional analysis showed that CHD1 deletion promoted angiogenesis and glycolysis, possibly through HIF1α target genes. Taken together, these findings indicate that CHD1 deletion enhances HIF1α expression through PHD2 downregulation and therefore promotes angiogenesis and metabolic reprogramming in PCa.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Hypoxia , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Glycolysis , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Helicases/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970206

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer is a group of malignancies which originate from biliary epithelium, and adenocarcinoma is the main pathological type. Although surgical resection is the only radical treatment strategy, most biliary tract cancer patients are diagnosed at locally advanced stage or with distant metastasis. Biliary tract cancer is highly resistant to the conventional chemoradiotherapy and the emerging immunotherapy including immune checkpoint inhibitors, owing to the suppressive immune microenvironment. In a whole view, this paper discussed the anti-tumor and tumor-promoting immune responses of the various immune cells and stromal cells in the immune microenvironment of biliary tract cancer, as well as their correlation with prognosis. The understanding of the whole view of immune microenvironment in biliary tract cancer patients could further inform the design of clinical trials of immunotherapy or combination therapy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 749-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of technological modification and innovation of full-left/full-right liver splitting in situ for donors and examine the safety of clinical application for liver transplantation (LT).Methods:From March 2021 to June 2022, clinical and surgical data are retrospectively reviewed for 27 donors undergoing full-left/full-right liver splitting in situ and the corresponding 49 recipients undergoing full-left/full-right LT.According to the split liver technique used in donor liver surgery, they are divided into conventional split group(group A, 13 cases)and innovative split group(group B, 14 cases). The corresponding recipients are divided into two groups of recipient C(25 cases)and recipient D(24 cases). General profiles, intraoperative findings, type of vascular allocation and short-term outcomes in two groups are compared.After full-size split liver transplantation(fSLT), follow-ups continued until the end of September 2022.Results:There are 23 males and 4 females in donors.The causes of mortality for donors are traumatic head injury(12 cases)cerebrovascular accident(13 cases)and anoxia encephalopathy(2 cases). Baseline characteristics of two groups indicate that body weight and body mass index(BMI)are higher in group B and blood sodium level is lower than that in group A( P<0.05). No statistical differences exist for the others.Liver splitting time is significantly shorter in group B than that in group A(175 vs.230 min, P=0.022). No significant inter-group difference exists in type of vascular allocation.Retrohepatic inferior vena cava(IVC)is split in one case in group A and 10 cases in group B( P=0.001). Among 20 cases of right hemiliver requiring a reconstruction of segment Ⅴ/Ⅷ venous outflow, 12 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B are reconstructed with conventional independent bridging method(independent type)while another 5 cases in group B reconstruct with innovated technique by bridging Ⅴ/Ⅷ vein for splitting IVC with iliac vessel and molding all outflows as one for anastomosis(combined typ e). There is significant inter-group difference( P=0.004). No significant differences exist in operative duration, anhepatic phase or blood loss between groups C and B, except for T tube retaining in 7 cases of group A and 14 cases of group D( P=0.032). Twelve cases developed a total of 26 instances of≥Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications.Of which, 7 cases in group C and 5 cases in group D show no significant difference in postoperative morbidity.However, for serious biliary complications(≥Clavien Dindo grade Ⅲ), there are 6 cases in group C versus none in group D( P=0.016). Two cases died from postoperative complication with a postoperative mortality rate of 4.1%.Postoperative hospital stay is similar in two groups.And accumulates 6/12-month survivals were 95.9% and 87.7% for grafts and 95.9% and 92.4% for recipients respectively. Conclusions:Operative duration of full-left/full-right liver splitting in situ tends to shorten with an accumulation of a certain amount of cases.Technological modification and innovation in IVC splitting and segment Ⅴ/Ⅷ vein reconstruction should be further validated as both feasible and safe by short-term outcomes of the corresponding recipients.

14.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 392-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958860

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at different time points during the perioperative period on the recovery of gastrointestinal function after gastrointestinal malignant neoplasms surgery. Methods: Sixty-three patients who needed radical surgery for gastrointestinal tumors were randomized into a control group, treatment group 1 (postoperative EA group), and treatment group 2 (intraoperative and postoperative EA group). The control group received surgery and conventional Western medicine treatment, and treatment groups 1 and 2 received additional EA treatment at different time points. The initial flatus time after the surgery, visual analog scale (VAS) score at different time points after the surgery, the proportion of using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after the surgery, and the times of adding analgesics were observed in the three groups. Results: The initial flatus time after the surgery was earlier in treatment groups 1 and 2 than in the control group (P<0.05); the difference between treatment groups 1 and 2 was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The VAS score was lower in treatment group 2 than in the control group at 6, 12, 24, and 72 h after the surgery (P<0.05); the VAS score was lower in treatment group 1 than in the control group only at 72 h after the surgery (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the rate of using PCA among the three groups (P>0.05). Regarding the times of adding analgesics, it was less in treatment group 2 than in the control group at 12 h after the surgery (P<0.05). Conclusion: Either EA during and after the surgery or only after the surgery can hasten the initial flatus and boost the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after radical resection of gastrointestinal neoplasms. Successive EA during and after the surgery should be superior to postoperative EA regarding the analgesic effect after the surgery.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 210-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913145

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a common clinical problem after hepatectomy and liver transplantation and is the main cause of liver dysfunction and liver failure after transplantation. In recent years, autophagy-mediated pathways have become a research hotspot in alleviating HIRI. Autophagy refers to the process in which a large number of substrates such as cytoplasm and damaged organelles are transported into lysosomes for digestion and degradation, so as to constantly renew, reshape, and reuse cells. This article summarizes the research advances in the mechanism of targeting autophagy to alleviate HIRI from the aspects of gene, protein, signaling pathway, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum stress, as well as existing problems and prospects in research, in order to provide theoretical support for the future research on alleviating HIRI by targeting autophagy.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 982-989, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929339

ABSTRACT

A resurging interest in targeted covalent inhibitors (TCIs) focus on compounds capable of irreversibly reacting with nucleophilic amino acids in a druggable target. p97 is an emerging protein target for cancer therapy, viral infections and neurodegenerative diseases. Extensive efforts were devoted to the development of p97 inhibitors. The most promising inhibitor of p97 was in phase 1 clinical trials, but failed due to the off-target-induced toxicity, suggesting the selective inhibitors of p97 are highly needed. We report herein a new type of TCIs (i.e., FL-18) that showed proteome-wide selectivity towards p97. Equipped with a Michael acceptor and a basic imidazole, FL-18 showed potent inhibition towards U87MG tumor cells, and in proteome-wide profiling, selectively modified endogenous p97 as confirmed by in situ fluorescence scanning, label-free quantitative proteomics and functional validations. FL-18 selectively modified cysteine residues located within the D2 ATP site of p97. This covalent labeling of cysteine residue in p97 was verified by LC‒MS/MS-based site-mapping and site-directed mutagenesis. Further structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies with FL-18 analogs were established. Collectively, FL-18 is the first known small-molecule TCI capable of covalent engagement of p97 with proteome-wide selectivity, thus providing a promising scaffold for cancer therapy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 81-101, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929247

ABSTRACT

The spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and exhausted drug leads render some infections untreatable now and in the future. To deal with these "new challenges", scientists tend to re-pick up "old antibiotics". Fusidane-type antibiotics have been known for nearly 80 years as potent antibacterial agents against gram-positive bacteria, especially Staphylococci, and represent the only triterpene-derived antibiotic class in clinical setting. These attractive characteristics have drawn renewed attention on fusidane-type antibiotics in recent decades. Isolation, characterization, biological evaluation, as well as chemical modifications of fusidane-type antibiotics are increasingly being reported. Combinatorial biosynthesis of this type of antibiotics has been successfully utilized not only for elucidating the biosynthetic pathways, but also for expanding their structural diversity. Some isolated and synthetic compounds exhibit comparable or even more potent biological activity than fusidic acid. This review provides an overview of progress on the studies of structure and biology of fusidane-type antibiotics from 1943 to April 2021. The informative structure-activity relationship is also highlighted.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria , Biology , Structure-Activity Relationship
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1386-1391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and etiology of pulmonary embolism in children, and to discuss the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation therapy.Methods:The data of 30 children with pulmonary embolism, who were treated with anticoagulation therapy in the Department of Pediatrics, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021, were analyzed retrospectively.The etiology, clinical characteristics, complications, outcomes and prognosis after anticoagulation treatment were analyzed.Results:There were 17 males and 13 females, with an average age of (8.95±2.58) years (age range: 4-13 years). The follow-up duration was 3-59 months.(1) The symptoms included cough in 30 cases (100.0%), fever in 29 cases (96.7%), shortness of breath in 27 cases (90.0%), chest pain in 15 cases (50.0%), hemoptysis in 9 cases (30.0%), bloody secretions under bronchoscopy but no hemoptysis in 4 cases (13.3%), and respiratory failure in 2 cases (6.7%). (2) The protopathy was Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in 23 cases (76.7%), whose symptoms accorded with refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.About 16 cases (53.3%) were positive for Mycoplasma pneumoniae drug resistance mutation 2063A>G or 2064A>G.Two cases (6.7%) had nephrotic syndrome.One case (3.3%) had purpura nephritis (nephrotic syndrome type). One case (3.3%) was lupus nephritis (nephrotic syndrome type). One case (3.3%) was hereditary protein S deficiency.One case (3.3%) had osteomyelitis and Staphylococcus aureus sepsis.One case (3.3%) had congenital heart disease.(3) Complications included limb thrombosis in 7 cases (23.3%), atrial thrombosis in 2 cases (6.7%), thoracic and abdominal deep venous thrombosis in 2 case (6.7%), cerebral infarction in 2 cases (6.7%), and splenic infarction in 1 case (3.3%). (4) Imaging examination showed that 30 children had lung consolidation/atelectasis (100.0%), and 24 cases had pleural effusion (80.0%). (5) Coagulation function examination suggested D-dimer increased to ≥ 5 mg/L in 21 cases (70.0%). (6) One case (3.3%) was given thrombolytic therapy with urokinase at the acute stage.Nine cases (30.0%) were treated with heparin/low molecular weight heparin.Twenty-one cases (70.0%) first received anticoagulation therapy with heparin/low molecular weight heparin and later took oral anticoagulant.Four cases (13.3%) were treated with Warfarin and 17 cases (56.7%) with Rivaroxaban.The anticoagulant treatment lasted 1-9 months.No recurrence of embolism or sequelae of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension was observed. Conclusions:Infection, especially Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, is the main cause of pulmonary embolism in children.The symptoms of pulmonary embolism in children are atypical, so it is difficult to distinguish this disease from primary underlying diseases.Bronchoscopy can help find occult pulmonary hemorrhage.Unexplained shortness of breath in children of any age suggests the possibility of pulmonary embolism.Combination of clinical symptoms and necessary examination contribute to early diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.Then selection of appropriate anticoagulant drugs and timely anticoagulant therapy can improve the prognosis of children.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1386-1391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and etiology of pulmonary embolism in children, and to discuss the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation therapy.Methods:The data of 30 children with pulmonary embolism, who were treated with anticoagulation therapy in the Department of Pediatrics, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021, were analyzed retrospectively.The etiology, clinical characteristics, complications, outcomes and prognosis after anticoagulation treatment were analyzed.Results:There were 17 males and 13 females, with an average age of (8.95±2.58) years (age range: 4-13 years). The follow-up duration was 3-59 months.(1) The symptoms included cough in 30 cases (100.0%), fever in 29 cases (96.7%), shortness of breath in 27 cases (90.0%), chest pain in 15 cases (50.0%), hemoptysis in 9 cases (30.0%), bloody secretions under bronchoscopy but no hemoptysis in 4 cases (13.3%), and respiratory failure in 2 cases (6.7%). (2) The protopathy was Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in 23 cases (76.7%), whose symptoms accorded with refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.About 16 cases (53.3%) were positive for Mycoplasma pneumoniae drug resistance mutation 2063A>G or 2064A>G.Two cases (6.7%) had nephrotic syndrome.One case (3.3%) had purpura nephritis (nephrotic syndrome type). One case (3.3%) was lupus nephritis (nephrotic syndrome type). One case (3.3%) was hereditary protein S deficiency.One case (3.3%) had osteomyelitis and Staphylococcus aureus sepsis.One case (3.3%) had congenital heart disease.(3) Complications included limb thrombosis in 7 cases (23.3%), atrial thrombosis in 2 cases (6.7%), thoracic and abdominal deep venous thrombosis in 2 case (6.7%), cerebral infarction in 2 cases (6.7%), and splenic infarction in 1 case (3.3%). (4) Imaging examination showed that 30 children had lung consolidation/atelectasis (100.0%), and 24 cases had pleural effusion (80.0%). (5) Coagulation function examination suggested D-dimer increased to ≥ 5 mg/L in 21 cases (70.0%). (6) One case (3.3%) was given thrombolytic therapy with urokinase at the acute stage.Nine cases (30.0%) were treated with heparin/low molecular weight heparin.Twenty-one cases (70.0%) first received anticoagulation therapy with heparin/low molecular weight heparin and later took oral anticoagulant.Four cases (13.3%) were treated with Warfarin and 17 cases (56.7%) with Rivaroxaban.The anticoagulant treatment lasted 1-9 months.No recurrence of embolism or sequelae of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension was observed. Conclusions:Infection, especially Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, is the main cause of pulmonary embolism in children.The symptoms of pulmonary embolism in children are atypical, so it is difficult to distinguish this disease from primary underlying diseases.Bronchoscopy can help find occult pulmonary hemorrhage.Unexplained shortness of breath in children of any age suggests the possibility of pulmonary embolism.Combination of clinical symptoms and necessary examination contribute to early diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.Then selection of appropriate anticoagulant drugs and timely anticoagulant therapy can improve the prognosis of children.

20.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 263-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953591

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of Portulaca oleracea (POL) in promoting revascularization and re-epithelization as well as inhibiting iron aggregation and inflammation of deep tissue pressure injury (DTPI). Methods: The hydroalcoholic extract of POL (P) and aqueous phase fraction of POL (PD) were prepared based on maceration and liquid–liquid extraction. The number of new blood vessels and VEGF-A expression level were assessed using H&E stain and Western blot on injured muscle to examine the role of POL different extracts in vascularization. The iron distribution and total elemental iron of injured muscle were detected using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Perls’ staining to determine whether POL extracts can inhibit the iron accumulation. Besides, the ability of POL extracts to promote wound healing by combining re-epithelization time, inflammation degree and collagen deposition area were comprehensively evaluated. Results: In vitro, we observed a significant increase in HUVEC cell viability, migration rate and the number of the tube after P and PD treatment (P < 0.05). In vivo, administration of P and PD impacted vascularization and iron accumulation on injured tissue, evident from more new blood vessels, higher expression of VEGF-A and decreased muscle iron concentration of treatment groups compared with no-treatment groups (P < 0.05). Besides, shorter re-epithelization time, reduced inflammatory infiltration and distinct collagen deposition were associated with administration of P and PD (P < 0.05). Conclusion: POL extract administration groups have high-quality wound healing, which is associated with increased new blood vessels, collagen deposition and re-epithelization, along with decreased iron accumulation and inflammatory infiltration. Our results suggest that that POL extract is beneficial to repair injured muscle after ischemia–reperfusion, highlighting the potential of POL in the DTPI treatment.

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