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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878875

ABSTRACT

Mechanism study was performed to explore how Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promotes energy metabolism of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In this study, gastrointestinal stromal cells line GIST-882 was used as the model to explore energy metabolism regulation effects of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(10, 20, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) by measuring the cell proliferation, ATP level, mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Our results showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted cell proliferation and increased ATP level of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In addition, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously improved mitochondrial structural integrity, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential in GIST-882 cells. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and up-regulated the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Collectively, our study indicated that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted the energy metabolism for gastrointestinal stromal cells proliferation by activating mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase to induce ATP production, as well as activating SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Cell Line, Tumor , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Stromal Cells/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878874

ABSTRACT

Shouhui Tongbian Capsules was used to explore the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism on slow transit constipation model mice induced by loperamide hydrochloride. In the experiment, loperamide hydrochloride-induced ICR mice were used as the model of slow transit constipation. Fifty ICR mice were divided into the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(100, 200 and 400 mg·kg~(-1)). The model group and the administration groups were then modeled using loperamide hydrochloride intragastrically to obtain slow transit constipation. After successful modeling, high, medium and low doses of drugs were given to each drug group by intragastric administration. After 14 days of administration, the first defecation time, 6 h defecation grain number, 6 h defecation wet weight and dry weight, black feces discharged within 6 h and the fecal water content were measured. Intestinal tissues were taken for c-Kit and SCF immunohistochemical sections to detect the expression of c-Kit and SCF in the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of the medicinal extract of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules. The tissue changes in the intestinal wall of mice were detected by HE staining. At the same time, partial intestinal tissues were taken to test the activity of ATP synthase and isocitrate dehydrogenase in intestinal tissues of mice. RESULTS:: showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules effectively improved the symptoms of slow transit constipation in ICR mice and promoted intestinal movement. Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously shortened the time of discharging black stool for the first time, improved the intestinal propulsion rate, increased the water content and amount of feces, and improved the constipation symptoms. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased ATP synthase activity and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity in intestinal tissue, and up-regulated c-Kit/SCF signaling pathway to promote interstitial Cajal cells proliferation, intestinal nerve transmission, intestinal motility and transport capacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Constipation/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Transit , Loperamide , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878872

ABSTRACT

"Target fishing" strategy was used to investigate the direct targets and mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules on relaxing bowel. Magnetic beads cross-linked with the chemical constituents from Shouhui Tongbian Capsules were prepared. The potential target proteins were captured from the total protein lysates of rat intestine using the beads. The captured proteins were further identified by LC-MS/MS, and the associated pathways were analyzed by Cytoscape. RESULTS:: showed that 138 potential target proteins were identified, which were involved in eight signaling pathways, including tricarboxylic acid cycle, pyrimidine metabolism, sulfur metabolism, fatty acid degradation, alanine/aspartate/glutamate metabolism, arginine/proline metabolism, valine/leucine/isoleucine degradation, and β-alanine metabolism. Taken together, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules may exert relaxing bowel effect by acting on multiple signaling pathways to promote intestinal gurgling, inhibit inflammation, as well as improve intestinal barrier function, intestinal water secretion, and intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Intestines , Leucine , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of preoperative 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG) PET/CT parameters combined with coagulation parameters in predicting the recurrence after surgery in patients with early cervical cancer. Methods:A total of 120 patients(age range: 25-70 (47.9±8.5) years) with cervical cancer who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT examination and blood coagulation index test in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between January 2012 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into recurrent group and non-recurrent group according to the follow-up results. Independent-sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of related parameters between the recurrent and non-recurrent patients. Then the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed, and univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to evaluate the predictive value of parameters. Results:The follow-up time was 2-60 months. There were 36 recurrent cases, accounting for 30.0% (36/120) of all patients. The mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean), peak of standardized uptake value (SUV peak) and total lesion glycosis (TLG) were significantly different between recurrent ( n=27) and non-recurrent ( n=62) subgroups of moderately differentiated patiens (8.90±3.00 vs 7.50±2.90, 12.00±3.70 vs 10.20±4.50, 144.48(43.79, 366.46) vs 60.23(28.46, 113.15) g; t values: 1.968, 2.063, U=547.000, all P<0.05); the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), SUV mean, SUV peak, TLG were significantly different between recurrent ( n=7) and non-recurrent ( n=12) subgroups of poorly differentiated patiens (16.10±4.70 vs 7.60±2.33, 8.70±2.10 vs 4.40±1.50, 13.30±4.40 vs 5.60±1.80, 140.37(131.44, 143.94) vs 31.64(15.84, 92.14) g; t values: 5.363, 4.829, 5.429, U=3.000, all P<0.05); D-dimer and fibrinogen (FIB) of recurrent and non-recurrent patients were also different (175.00(100.00, 256.00) vs 86.00(51.25, 115.25) mg/L, (3.10±0.50) vs (2.80±0.50) mg/L; U=619.500, t=2.962, both P<0.05). The ROC curve indicated that SUV max (area under curve (AUC)=0.651), SUV mean (AUC=0.650), SUV peak (AUC=0.675), TLG (AUC=0.703), D-dimer (AUC=0.795) and FIB (AUC=0.672) could predict the recurrence of the disease(all P<0.01). Univariate Cox analysis revealed that the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging (hazard ratio ( HR)=2.363, 95% CI: 1.217-4.590), SUV max ( HR=4.855, 95% CI: 1.488-15.841), SUV mean ( HR=4.451, 95% CI: 1.573-12.597), SUV peak ( HR=7.190, 95% CI: 2.203-23.469), TLG ( HR=4.396, 95% CI: 2.238-8.633), D-dimer ( HR=4.761, 95% CI: 2.470-9.253) and FIB ( HR=3.196, 95% CI: 1.596-6.400) were predictive factors of recurrence (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that D-dimer ( HR=2.974, 95% CI: 1.476-5.990) and SUV peak ( HR=3.826, 95% CI: 1.063-13.778) were the main predictors (both P<0.05). ROC curve of SUV peak combined with D-dimer showed the AUC of 0.841( P<0.01). Conclusions:SUV peak and D-dimer are main indexes to evaluate the recurrence after surgery in patients with cervical cancer. SUV peak combined with D-dimer have good predictive value for the recurrence of cervical cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between maternal alcohol consumption and the risk of congenital heart disease (CHD) in offspring.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang Database, CNKI Database, and Weipu Database were searched for the articles on the association between maternal alcohol consumption and congenital heart disease in offspring. These articles were published up to November 30, 2019. A random effects model or a fixed effects model was used for the pooled analysis of the results of each study, and then the pooled effective value and its 95%CI were calculated. A subgroup analysis was performed to explore heterogeneous regulators. Funnel plots and an Egger's test were used to assess publication bias.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4 409 articles were searched, and 55 articles were finally included in this analysis, among which there were 6 cohort studies and 49 case-control studies. The Meta analysis showed heterogeneity across all studies (I=74%, P<0.01). The random effects model showed that maternal alcohol consumption was associated with CHD in offspring, with an OR of 1.18 (95%CI: 1.09-1.28). The Egger's test showed a certain degree of publication bias (P<0.05), and after adjustment, the pooled OR of CHD in offspring was 1.10 (95%CI: 1.01-1.21).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Maternal alcohol consumption may increase the risk of CHD in offspring.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Case-Control Studies , China , Cohort Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Risk Factors
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 811-819, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826895

ABSTRACT

Sequencing technology has been greatly improved in terms of throughput and cost. The single-molecule nanopore DNA sequencing, one of the major branches of the third-generation sequencing technology, has made great contributions in the fields of medicine and life sciences due to its advantages of ultra-long reading length, real-time detection and direct detection of base methylation modification, etc. This article briefly describes the principle of nanopore sequencing technology, and discusses its application in clinical, animal, plant, bacterial and virus fields and its future development direction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , DNA , Chemistry , Genetics , Humans , Nanopore Sequencing , Nanopores , Research , Sequence Analysis, DNA
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether CT image post-processing software can accurately measure (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, ALPPS) related (future liver remnant, FLR).Methods:Clinical data of 9 liver cancer patients undergoing ALPPS were retrospectively analyzed in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from Mar 2015 to May 2019. All cases were divided into 2 groups by measurement: CT′s image post-processing software, or Myrian software. Two groups were compared with each other by paired t-test. Results:FLR from group CT′s image post-processing software was larger than that by Myrian software, there was statistical difference ( t=2.512, P=0.019). The mistakes of FLR measurements by the radiologist using CT′s image post-processing software couldbe caused by: (1)Lacking theoretical knowledge of liver surgery; (2) Adding devitalized tissue of hepatic section into future liver remnant; (3) Concept confusion about liver anatomy; (4) Lack of precision measurement. Conclusions:The inaccuracies generated during the ALPPS related future liver remnant measurements in CT′s image post-processing technique are all caused by human factors. These problems could be solved if the radiologist who operates 3D reconstruction receives liver surgery training or works with liver surgeons.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To test the effect of Banxia Xiexin Decoction (, BXD) on the contraction and relaxation of gastric smooth muscle (SM) in diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) model rats, and to explore the mechanism of BXD in the prevention and treatment of DGP through experiments of signal pathway both in vivo and in vitro.@*METHODS@#Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups according to a random number table: control group, model group, high-, medium- and low-dose BXD groups (9.2, 4.6 and 1.8 g/(kg·d), respectively), and domperidone group (10 mg/(kg·d)), 10 rats per group. DGP model was established initially by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ), and was confirmed by recording gastric emptying, intestinal transport velocity and gastric myoelectric activity of rats after 2 months. Each group was treated with a corresponding drug for 4 weeks. The mRNA and protein expressions of phospholipase C (PLC), inositol triphosphate (IP@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, high- and medium-dose BXD and domperidone significantly increased the expressions of PLC, IP@*CONCLUSIONS@#Treatment with high- and medium-dose BXD significantly attenuated STZ-induced experimental DGP in rats. The therapeutic effect of BXD on DGP rats might be associated with the PLC-IP

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 544-547, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805426

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical application and effect of free fibula composite tissue flap trans-plantation to repair bone and soft tissue defect after open fracture of proximal tibial.@*Methods@#From June, 2012 to June, 2018, free fibula composite tissue flap transplantations were applied to repair bone and soft tissue defect after open fracture of proximal tibial in 11 cases. Of the 11 cases, there were 10 males and 1 female(their ages ranged from 32 to 56, 36 on average); Six cases were caused by traffic accident, and 5 by crash. There were 3 fresh wounds and 8 chronic and infective wounds. Free fibular flaps were used in 7 cases, and free fibular flexor hallucis myocutaneous flaps were used in 4 cases. The fibular length with transplantation was 7-18 cm. The area of flaps or muscle flaps was ranged from 4 cm×8 cm to 8 cm×20 cm. Bone fracture healing was observed at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. The function of injured extremity was evaluated in 1 year after surgical operation.@*Results@#All were successfully repaired, and composite tissue flaps survived. Of which, 10 wounds healed by first intention, and 1 wound healed by secondary intention, with the healing time of 12-18 days. All 11 cases were followed-up. The mean followed-up time was 18 months. The bone healing time ranged from 6 to 9 months (7 months on average). The Enneking Score System was applied to evaluate the leg function. Of the 11 cases, the mean scores was 25 (ranged from 22 to 27). The donor sites were not found malfunctional.@*Conclusion@#Transplantation of free fibula composite tissue flap can reduce the treatment time with good mechanical strength. It is an ideal method to repair bone and soft tissue defect after open fracture of proximal tibial.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802548

ABSTRACT

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is an evolutionary conservative serine/threonine protein kinase. Its biological function is mainly to participate in cell proliferation, growth and differentiation, so as to regulate the body's metabolic process. Many domestic and foreign studies have shown that mTOR is the junction of apoptosis and autophagy signal transduction pathways. Various stimuli, such as nutrition, drugs and oxidative stress, may play a key regulatory role in cell apoptosis and autophagy through mTOR-mediated signaling pathways. At present, many studies have shown that the change in mTOR signaling pathways is closely related to the pathogenesis of many human diseases, such as cancer, metabolic disorders(obesity and type 2 diabetes), cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disease, age-related diseases and disorders of follicular. In recent years, more and more doctors have studied the regulatory effect of traditional Chinese medicine on apoptosis and autophagy, with the pathways as the starting point and cell apoptosis and autophagy as the research carriers. These studies include experimental studies on the regulation of apoptosis and autophagy by monomers of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Chinese patent medicine, compound prescription of TCM, acupuncture and other drugs and physiotherapy. Starting from the mTOR signaling pathways, this paper discusses the relationship between mTOR, apoptosis and autophagy, and reviews the recent progress of TCM in regulating apoptosis and autophagy through mTOR pathways, so as to provide ideas and references for further studies in this field. In the future, TCM doctors can still explore the time-effect relationship between apoptosis and autophagy based on mTOR signaling pathways under the guidance of the basic theory of Chinese medicine, in order to provide theoretical support and targets for the action mechanism of TCM on bodies.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of Erchen on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor R2 (VEGFR2), interleukin (IL)-4 and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: The 50 SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, 10 rats in each group, which were normal group, model group, Erchentang low, medium and high dose group (10, 20, 40 g · kg-1 · d-1). COPD rat model was established by smoking combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intratracheal drip. After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, and the normal group and the model group were given intragastric distilled water of equal volume. The pathological changes of pulmonary vessels in rats were observed by light microscopy, and the thickness of pulmonary vascular wall was measured. The concentration of IL-4 in rat serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung homogenate was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of ET-1 and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of VEGF,VEGFR2 and ET-1 in lung tissue. Result: Compared with normal group, the concentration of IL-4 in serum, BALF and lung homogenate of model group rats decreased significantly (PPPPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang can alleviate the process of pulmonary inflammation and pulmonary vascular remodeling in COPD rats, and slow down the progress of COPD and its complications by increasing the content of IL-4, inhibiting the expression of VEGF, VEGFR2, ET-1.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of modified Erchentang on the signal pathway of β2 adrenergicreceptor(β2AR)/arrestin beta 2(β-arrestin2) in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the expression of interleukin-17(IL-17) in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups:normal group, model group, modified Erchentang with high, medium and low doses (40, 20, 10 g · kg-1 · d-1), Xiaokechuan group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), modified Erchentang group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), 10 rats in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intratracheal drip. After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, while the normal group and the model group were given the same amount of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of IL-17 in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of rats. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of β2AR gene. Western blot was used to detect the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue. The expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 in lung tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result: Compared with the normal group, the expression of β2AR protein in lung tissue of model group was significantly decreased(Pβ2AR protein in lung tissue was significantly increased(PPβ2AR in model group was significantly lower(Pβ2AR in high, medium and low dose group, Xiaokechuan group and modified Erchentang group was significantly higher(PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may increase the expression of β2AR and β-arrestin2 and decrease the content of IL-17 in order to resist inflammation and improve pulmonary function in COPD rats.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of modified Erchentang on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) protein and gene expressions in lung tissue of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rat model, and the expressions of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups:normal group, model group, high, medium and low-dose modified Erchentang groups (40, 20, 10 g · kg-1 · d-1), Xiaokechuan group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1), and Erchentang group (5 g · kg-1 · d-1). The rat COPD model was established through smoking and intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After successful modeling, the treatment group was given drug by gavage, while the normal group and the model group were given the same amount of saline. The concentrations of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in serum, lung homogenate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) of rats were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of PPARγ in lung tissue. Result: Compared with the normal group, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum, lung homogenate and BALF of the model group rats increased significantly (PPγ mRNA in lung tissue of rats in model group were significantly decreased (Pγ protein was significantly inhibited(Pα in serum, lung homogenate and BALF of each treatment group decreased to varying degrees(Pα in the middle-dose Erchentang group were particularly significant. The PPARγ mRNA and protein expressions in lung tissue of rats in each treatment group were increased to varying degrees (PConclusion: Modified Erchentang may improve pulmonary inflammation and pulmonary function in COPD rats by increasing the expression of PPARγ and the content of IL-10 and decreasing the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on GATA-binding protein-3(GATA3) and T-box expressed in T cells(T-bet) in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Seventy SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, namely normal group, model group, low, medium and high-dose modified Erchentang group(5,10,20 g ·kg-1), Xiaokechuan group(5 g ·kg-1) and Erchentang group(5 g ·kg-1), with 10 in each group. The rat model of COPD was established by smoking combined with intratracheal dripping of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After successful modeling, the treatment group was given intragastric administration, and the normal group and the model group were given intragastric administration of equal volume of saline. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) in rat serum. The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expressions of GATA3 and T-bet in lung tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result: Compared with the control group, the serum levels of IL-10 in the model group was significantly decreased, while the IL-12 level was significantly increased (PPPPConclusion: Modified Erchentang may reduce the inflammation of lung tissue and improve lung function in COPD rats by reducing IL-12, increasing the content of IL-10, inhibiting the protein and gene expressions of T-bet, and stimulating the protein and gene expressions of GATA3.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 819-821, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752448

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigatetheeffectofpressureandnon-pressureonthedirectimagingoflowerlimbdeepveinswith CTvenography(CTV).Methods 100patients(50malesand50females,aged30-80yearsold,mean (63.5±13.5yearsold)with suspectedlowerextremityvenousdiseasesfrom September2015to October2018 wereretrospectivelyanalyzed.50patientswere scannedafterpressingtheankle(controlgroup),andtheother50werescannedwithoutpressingtheankle(experimentalgroup).Results Therewerenosignificantdifferencesbetweenthecontrolandexperimentalgroupsintheauxiliaryveinscore (t=-0.20,P=0.82), femoralveinscore(t=-0.1,P=0.91),andtotaliliacveinscore(t=-0.03,P=0.97).Conclusion CTV withoutpressingtheankle demonstratescomparableefficacytodirectimagingoflowerlimbdeepveins,withgoodimagequality,reducedcomplicationsandeasy toapply,sothatitshouldbewidelyusedinclinicalpractice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773277

ABSTRACT

Target identification is an important prerequisite for the study of medicine action mechanism. Currently,drug target identification is mostly based on various cell models in vitro. However,the growth microenvironment,nutrition metabolism,biological properties as well as functions are quite different between in vitro cell culture and physiological environment in vivo; wherefore,it is a challenging scientific issue to establish an effective method for identifying drug targets in vivo condition. In this study,we successfully prepared a kind of magnetic nanoparticles( MNPs) which can be chemically modified by the hydroxyl structure of natural bioactive compound echinacoside( ECH) via the epoxy group label on the surface of MNPs. Therefore,organ-selective and recoverable nanoscale target-recognizing particles were prepared. We then intravenously injected the ECH-binding MNPs into rats and distributed them to specific organs in vivo. After cell endocytosis,ECH-binding MNPs captured target proteins in situ for further analysis. Based on this method,we discovered several potential target proteins in the spleen lysates for ECH,and preliminarily clarified the immuno-regulation mechanism of ECH. Collectively,our strategy developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles for in vivo target identification,and also provided a feasible approach for drug target prediction and pharmacological mechanism exploration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Delivery Systems , Endocytosis , Glycosides , Magnetics , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Proof of Concept Study , Rats
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773272

ABSTRACT

To investigate the inhibitory effects and mechanism of Cistanche tubulosa ethanol extract( CTEE) against oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion( OGD/R)-induced PC12 cells neuronal injury. In this study,OGD/R-induced PC12 cells were used to explore the neuroprotective effects of CTEE( 12. 5,25,50 mg·L-1) by detecting cell viability with MTT assay,apoptosis with AO/EB and Hoechst 33258,mitochondrial membrane potential changes with JC-1 staining,mitochondrial oxidative stress with MitoSOX staining,as well as the apoptosis-related protein expression( PARP,cleaved PARP,caspase-3,cleaved caspase-3,Bax,Bcl-2) with Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that CTEE effectively protected OGD/R-induced neuronal injury and increased the survival rate of PC12 cells.AO/EB and Hoechst 33258 staining showed that CTEE could effectively inhibit apoptosis. Moreover,JC-1 and MitoSOX staining results showed that CTEE decreased mitochondrial stress and mitochondrial membrane potential imbalance in PC12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile,CTEE could obviously suppress the activation of key proteins in mitochondrial apoptosis pathway such as caspase-3 and PARP,and significantly inhibit the rise of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2. In conclusion,CTEE has obvious protective effects on OGD/R-induced PC12 cells neuronal injury,potentially via inhibiting mitochondrial oxidative stress and apoptosis-related signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cistanche , Chemistry , Ethanol , Glucose , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Rats , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745272

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of EPR in vivo fingernail dosimetry to address the difficulty in separating mechanically induced signals from fingernail EPR dosimetry for need of nuclear medical emergency aid.Methods Using the specially designed EPR in vivo measurement system,uncut fingernails were measured to obtain the characteristics of EPR signal without mechanically induced signals.The in vivo fingernail experiment was carried out to evaluate the impact of in vivo condition on the spectra.Actual in vivo measurement experiment was conducted to evaluate the interference of the in vivo condition on EPR spectra.Results The background signal distribution of uncut fingernails was obtained and background signals had no significant difference between male and female(P>0.05).The dose response curve in the range of 2-10 Gy was established,and the half-life of the fingernail radiation-induced signal was approximately 5 d.The water treatment combined with temperature-changing was established for restoring the background signal.EPR signal obtained after restoring treatment has no significant difference with background signal (P> 0.05).The EPR spectra of in vivo fingernails were obtained.Conclusions The EPR spectra without mechanically induced signals can be acquired by this method.The feasibility of the in vivo fingernail EPR dosimetry is preliminarily verified.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-neuroinflammation effect of extract of Fructus Schisandrae chinensis (EFSC) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 cells and the possible involved mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Primary cortical neurons were isolated from embryonic (E17-18) cortices of Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mouse fetuses. Primary microglia and astroglia were isolated from the frontal cortices of newborn ICR mouse. Different cells were cultured in specific culture medium. Cells were divided into 5 groups: control group, LPS group (treated with 1 μg/mL LPS only) and EFSC groups (treated with 1 μg/mL LPS and 100, 200 or 400 mg/mL EFSC, respectively). The effect of EFSC on cells viability was tested by methylthiazolyldiphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay. EFSC-mediated inhibition of LPS-induced production of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as nitrite oxide (NO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were quantified and neuron-protection effect against microglia-mediated inflammation injury was tested by hoechst 33258 apoptosis assay and crystal violet staining assay. The expression of pro-inflammatory marker proteins was evaluated by Western blot analysis or immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#EFSC (200 and 400 mg/mL) reduced NO, IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression in LPS-induced BV-2 cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05). EFSC (200 and 400 mg/mL) reduced the expression of NO in LPS-induced primary microglia and astroglia (P<0.01). In addition, EFSC alleviated cell apoptosis and inflammation injury in neurons exposed to microglia-conditioned medium (P<0.01). The mechanistic studies indicated EFSC could suppress nuclear factor (NF)-?B phosphorylation and its nuclear translocation (P<0.01). The anti-inflammatory effect of EFSC occurred through suppressed activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EFSC acted as an anti-inflammatory agent in LPS-induced glia cells. These effects might be realized through blocking of NF-κB activity and inhibition of MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Down-Regulation , Inflammation , Pathology , Inflammation Mediators , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice, Inbred ICR , Microglia , Metabolism , Pathology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Nervous System , Pathology , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Schisandra , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771496

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a research area with highly original innovation features,and is also a Chinese name card to the world. However,TCM owns a unique theoretical system which is quite different from western modern medicine,leading to an awkward situation of deficient modern social identity as well as poor international spread. Therefore,how to establish a research strategy in line with the characteristics of TCM itself to systematically interpret the unique scientific connotation of TCM is always a public hot topic. Based on persistent practical exploration and scientific consideration in TCM,our group firstly promoted the concept of traditional Chinese medicine chemical biology(TCM chemical biology,TCMCB). The major idea of TCMCB is to clarify the nature of TCM regulating life progress to link TCM to modern medicine by using TCM components as chemical tools. Notably,TCMCB mainly focuses on TCM target identification and TCM-guided disease molecular mechanism exploration,further to clarify the basic law of TCM mediating disease process. Finally,TCMCB-guided scientific studies can help explain TCM theory and promote the developmentof modern innovative drugs based on identified targets using TCM active components. Moreover,TCMCB is of vital importance for investigating the scientific nature of biological progress and the pattern of disease occurrence and development,indicating a key significance for modern life science and medicine. This review introduces the definition of TCMCB as well as its academic thought,research method,technology system and scientific significance,for providing new research ideas and scientific thoughts for TCM development.


Subject(s)
Biology , Chemistry , Interdisciplinary Research , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
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