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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 789-796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970549

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify the direct pharmacological targets of Jingfang Granules in treating infectious pneumonia via "target fishing" strategy. Moreover, the molecular mechanism of Jingfang Granules in treating infectious pneumonia was also investigated based on target-related pharmacological signaling pathways. First, the Jingfang Granules extract-bound magnetic nanoparticles were prepared, which were incubated with lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced mouse pneumonia tissue lysates. The captured proteins were analyzed by high-resolution mass spectrometry(HRMS), and the target groups with specific binding to the Jingfang Granules extract were screened out. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis was used to identify the target protein-associated signaling pathways. On this basis, the LPS-induced mouse model of infectious pneumonia was established. The possible biological functions of target proteins were verified by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and immunohistochemical assay. A total of 186 Jingfang Granules-specific binding proteins were identified from lung tissues. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the target protein-associated signaling pathways mainly included Salmonella infection, vascular and pulmonary epithelial adherens junction, ribosomal viral replication, viral endocytosis, and fatty acid degradation. The target functions of Jingfang Granules were related to pulmonary inflammation and immunity, pulmonary energy metabolism, pulmonary microcirculation, and viral infection. Based on the in vivo inflammation model, Jingfang Granules significantly improved the alveolar structure of the LPS-induced mouse model of infectious pneumonia and down-regulated the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6). Meanwhile, Jingfang Gra-nules significantly up-regulated the expressions of key proteins of mitochondrial function COX Ⅳ and ATP, microcirculation-related proteins CD31 and Occludin, and proteins associated with viral infection DDX21 and DDX3. These results suggest that Jingfang Gra-nules can inhibit lung inflammation, improve lung energy metabolism and pulmonary microcirculation, resist virus infection, thus playing a protective role in the lung. This study systematically explains the molecular mechanism of Jingfang Granules in the treatment of respiratory inflammation from the perspective of target-signaling pathway-pharmacological efficacy, thereby providing key information for clinical rational use of Jingfang Granules and expanding potential pharmacological application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Lipopolysaccharides , Pneumonia , Inflammation , Anti-Infective Agents , Biological Assay , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-6
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 472-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970484

ABSTRACT

This study identified the anti-depression targets of Kaixin San(KXS) in the brain tissue with "target fishing" strategy, and explored the target-associated pharmacological signaling pathways to reveal the anti-depression molecular mechanism of KXS. The Balb/c mouse model of depression was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) and the anti-depression effect of KXS was evaluated by forced swimming test and sucrose preference test. KXS active components were bonded to the benzophenone-modified magnetic nanoparticles by photocrosslinking reaction for capturing target proteins from cortex, thalamus and hippocampus of depressive mice. The target proteins were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS). The enrichment analysis on signaling pathways was performed by Cytoscape. The potential biological functions of targets were verified by immunohistochemistry and Western blot assay. The results showed that KXS significantly improved the behavioral indexes. There were 64, 91, and 44 potential targets of KXS identified in cortex, thalamus, and hippocampus, respectively, according to the target identification experiment. The functions of these targets were mainly associated with vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, salmonella infection, thyroid hormone synthesis, and other signaling pathways. Besides, the results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot showed that KXS up-regulated the expressions of argipressine(AVP) in the cortex, heat shock protein 60(HSP60), cytochrome C oxidase 4(COX4), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone(TRH) in the thalamus, and down-regulated the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) p65 in the thalamus. Therefore, KXS may exert anti-depression effect through regulating vasopressin signaling pathway in the cortex and inflammation, energy metabolism, and thyroid hormone signaling pathways in the thalamus, and the effect of KXS on hippocampus is not significant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Hippocampus , Stress, Psychological/drug therapy , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Depression/drug therapy
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 866-870, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of oral ulcers and bloodstream infection in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 401 hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to December 2021 were retrospective analyzed, and the risk factors of oral ulcers and bloodstream infection statistical and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 401 patients, the incidence of oral ulcers was 61.3% (246/401), and the incidence of bloodstream infection was 9.0% (36/401). A total of 40 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 36 patients, including 26 strains of Gram negative strains (65%), 13 strains of Gram positive strains (32.5%), and 1 strain of fungi (2.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that oral hygiene was associated with the occurrence of bloodstream infection, and the Multi-factor analysis showed that age ≥14 years old, disease diagnosis of leukemia, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were risk factors for oral ulcers.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of oral ulcers in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is high. The age ≥14 years, disease diagnosis of leukemia, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were risk factors for oral ulcers in patients, and oral hygiene was associated with the occurrence of bloodstream infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Retrospective Studies , Oral Ulcer/etiology , Bacteremia/microbiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Sepsis , Risk Factors , Leukemia
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1802-1811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978653

ABSTRACT

In this study, a combination of metabolomics and network pharmacology was used to study the pharmacodynamic substances and mechanism of action of Yiyi Fuzi powder (YYFZ) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats. The animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: TCM-LAEC2021241). The metabolomic analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technique identified 22 metabolites, including arachidonic acid, tryptophan, linoleic acid, phenylalanine, as significant biomarkers for the treatment of RA with YYFZ, and they were significantly regressed after YYFZ treatment. The analysis of YYFZ blood components also revealed that 11 blood components, including hypaconitine, benzoylhypaconitine, and deoxyaconitine, may be the components that exert direct pharmacological effects in YYFZ in vivo, and further network pharmacological analysis of blood components obtained that YYFZ may exhibit anti-inflammatory effects through acting on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. The results of this study provide implications for the clinical application of YYFZ.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 764-768, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995520

ABSTRACT

The status of lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor for many malignant tumors, including lung cancer. In the 8th edition of the TNM staging system for lung cancer, the T staging had obvious changes and refinements, but the N staging had little changes. Recently, several studies have found that the prognosis of patients with the same N stage can vary greatly, suggesting that a more detailed subgroup of patients with the same N stage should be subdivided, including the inclusion of extra-capsular lymph node metastases (ENE). In this review, we reviewed the definition, classification/grading, imaging diagnosis, pathological diagnosis, related molecular markers and their relationship with the prognosis of lung cancer patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 330-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a male with breast cancer and a sister who had deceased of the disease.@*METHODS@#Medical and family history of the proband was collected. Next-generation sequencing was carried out to detect potential variant associated with breast cancer, and Sanger sequencing was used to verify the result.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a novel heterozygous c.6018dupT variant of the BRCA2 gene which may cause premature termination of mRNA translation, resulting in a truncated protein. Combined with the family history, the variant was deduced to be a germline mutation. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, c.6018dupT variant of BRCA2 gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM1/2+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The germline variant of the BRCA2 gene probably underlay the breast cancer in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Breast Neoplasms, Male/genetics , Genes, BRCA2 , Genomics , Germ Cells , Germ-Line Mutation
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 181-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927864

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) manifestations of Rosai-Dorfman disease(RDD) in central nervous system. Method The clinical and MRI data of 5 cases of RDD in central nervous system confirmed by pathology in the PLA General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Results The 5 cases included 4 males and 1 female,aged(39.8±21.7) years on average.Among them,4 cases were located in the intracranial area and 1 case in the thoracic spinal canal.The lesion showed isointense signal on T1 weighted image and iso,slight-hypo,and slight-hyperintense signals on T2 weighted image,and it presented intensively homogeneous enhancement in contrast-enhanced MRI.Two cases showed compressed brain area with edema around the left parietal and left frontotemporal dura,thickening and enhancement in the adjacent dura,and dural tail sign.Three cases presented bone destruction in adjacent diploe and thoracic vertebrae.One case showcased slight-hypo perfusion of the left parietal dura in arterial spin labeling. Conclusions RDD lesion usually appears as iso,slight hypo and slight hyper-intense signals on T2 weighted image and presents intensively homogeneous enhancement in contrast-enhanced MRI.The disease may involve the adjacent bone and the lesion shows slight hypo-perfusion on perfusion images.The MRI manifestations of RDD are characteristic,which are helpful for preoperative diagnosis and evaluation of RDD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Central Nervous System/pathology , Head , Histiocytosis, Sinus/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 48-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936045

ABSTRACT

Objective: Patients with advanced gastric cancer have a poor prognosis and a possibility of peritoneal metastasis even if receiving gastrectomy. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) can effectively kill free cancer cells or small lesions in the abdominal cavity. At present, preventive HIPEC still lacks safety evaluation in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. This study aims to explore the safety of radical resection combined with HIPEC in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 130 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who underwent radical resection + HIPEC at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2020 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria: (1) locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma confirmed by postoperative pathology; (2) no distant metastasis was found before surgery; (3) radical resection; (4) at least one HIPEC treatment was performed. Exclusion criteria: (1) incomplete clinicopathological data; (2) tumor metastasis was found during operation; (3) concomitant with other tumors. HIPEC method: all the patients received the first HIPEC immediately after D2 radical resection, and returned to the ward after waking up from anesthesia; the second and the third HIPEC were carried out according to the patient's postoperative recovery and tolerance; interval between two HIPEC treatments was 48 h. Observation indicators: (1) basic information, including gender, age, body mass index, etc.; (2) treatment status; (3) perioperative adverse events: based on the standard of common adverse events published by the US Department of Health and Public Health (CTCAE 5.0), the adverse events of grade 2 and above during the treatment period were recorded, including hypoalbuminemia, bone marrow cell reduction, wound complications, abdominal infection, lung infection, gastroparesis, anemia, postoperative bleeding, anastomotic leakage, intestinal obstruction, pleural effusion, abdominal distension, impaired liver function, and finally a senior professional title chief physician reviewed the above adverse events and made a safety evaluation of the patient; (4) association between times of HIPEC treatment and adverse events in perioperative period; (5) analysis of risk factors for adverse events in perioperative period. Results: Among the 130 patients, 79 were males and 51 were females with a median age of 59 (54, 66) years and an average body mass index of (23.9±7.4) kg/m(2). The tumor size was (5.4±3.0) cm and 100 patients (76.9%) had nerve invasion. All the 130 patients received radical resection + HIPEC and 125 (96.2%) patients underwent laparoscopic surgery. The mean operative time was (345.6±52.3) min and intraoperative blood loss was (82.0±36.5) ml. One HIPEC treatment was performed in 54 patients (41.5%), 2 HIPEC treatments were in 57 (43.8%), and 3 HIPEC treatments were in 19 (14.6%). The average postoperative hospital stay was (13.1±7.5) d. A total of 57 patients (43.8%) had 71 cases of postoperative complications of different degrees. Among them, the incidence of hypoalbuminemia was 22.3% (29/130), and the grade 2 and above anemia was 15.4% (20/130), lung infection was 3.8% (5/130), bone marrow cell suppression was 3.7% (4/130), abdominal cavity infection was 2.3% (3/130), and liver damage was 2.3% (3/130), wound complications was 1.5% (2/130), abdominal distension was 1.5% (2/130), anastomotic leakage was 0.8% (1/130), gastroparesis was 0.8% (1/130) and intestinal obstruction was 0.8% (1/130), etc. These adverse events were all improved by conservative treatments. There were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of adverse events during the perioperative period among patients undergoing 1, 2, and 3 times of HIPEC treatments (all P>0.05). Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses showed that age > 60 years (OR: 2.346, 95%CI: 1.069-5.150, P=0.034) and neurological invasion (OR: 2.992, 95%CI: 1.050-8.523, P=0.040) were independent risk factors for adverse events in locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing radical resection+HIPEC (both P<0.05). Conclusions: Radical surgery + HIPEC does not significantly increase the incidence of perioperative complications in patients with advanced gastric cancer. The age >60 years and nerve invasion are independent risk factors for adverse events in these patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrectomy , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Peritoneal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Clinics ; 77: 100095, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Depression is common after both lacunar stroke and non-lacunar stroke and might be associated with lesion locations as proven by some studies. This study aimed to identify whether lesion location was critical for depression after both lacunar and non-lacunar strokes. Methods: A cohort of ischemic stroke patients was assigned to either a lacunar stroke group or a non-lacunar stroke group after a brain MRI scan. Neurological deficits and treatment response was evaluated during hospitalization. The occurrence of depression was evaluated 3 months later. Logistic regressions were used to identify the independent risk factors for depression after lacunar and non-lacunar stroke respectively. Results: 83 of 246 patients with lacunar stroke and 71 of 185 patients with non-lacunar stroke developed depression. Infarctions in the frontal cortex, severe neurological deficits, and a high degree of handicap were identified as the independent risk factors for depression after non-lacunar stroke, while lesion location was not associated with depression after lacunar stroke. Conclusion: The main determinants for depression after lacunar and non-lacunar stroke were different. Lesion location was critical only for depression after non-lacunar stroke.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 399-404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of PET/MR multiple parameters before treatment and MR-intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters 4 weeks after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in predicting the prognosis of cervical cancer patients 6 months after treatment.Methods:From September 2017 to March 2019, 58 cervical cancer patients (age: 35-78 years) performed CCRT in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University were retrospectively enrolled. PET/MR was performed before treatment, and MR-IVIM was performed at the end of the fourth week of treatment and 6 months after treatment. Patients were divided into complete response (CR) group and non-CR group according to the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST). PET imaging parameters (maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG)), MR-IVIM parameters (slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D *), perfusion fraction (F), gross tumor volume (GTV), diffusion volume (DV)) before (referred to as 1) and after (at the end of the fourth week; referred to as 2) treatment and their percentage changes (ΔD, ΔD *, ΔF, ΔGTV, ΔDV) were measured. The parameters of PET and MR-IVIM were analyzed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Multiple logistic regression was used to establish the combination prediction model of parameters before treatment and all parameters before and after treatment (Combination1 and Combination2 respectively), and the two models were compared by Delong test. Results:Of 58 patients, 37(63.79%) were CR, and 21 (36.21%) were non-CR. MTV (area under curve (AUC)=0.764, P<0.01), TLG (AUC=0.719, P<0.01), GTV 1 (AUC=0.761, P<0.01) and DV 1 (AUC=0.785, P<0.01) before treatment had positive effects on the treatment response, and the valuable parameters after treatment were D 2 (AUC=0.683, P<0.01), GTV 2 (AUC=0.861, P<0.01), DV 2 (AUC=0.891, P<0.01), ΔD (AUC=0.723, P<0.01), ΔGTV (AUC=0.768, P<0.01) and ΔDV (AUC=0.865, P<0.01). The best prediction model before treatment was DV 1 (Combination1; AUC=0.785, P=0.004). The best prediction model for all parameters before and after treatment was the combination pre-treatment of MTV, DV 2 and ΔD (Combination2; AUC=0.965, P<0.001). Combination2 was superior to Combination1 ( z=2.982, P=0.003). Conclusion:In evaluating the early prognosis of cervical cancer patients treated with CCRT, DV 1 has good predictive potential before treatment, while the combination of pre-treatment MTV with post-treatment DV 2 and ΔD has superior joint predictive potential and can provide help for patients′ personalized treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 621-625, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888790

ABSTRACT

Three new coumarins, integmarins A-C (1-3), and a new coumarin glycoside, integmaside A (4) were isolated from the leaves and stems of Micromelum integerrimum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data, and their absolute configurations were assigned according to the ECD data of the in situ formed transition metal complexes and comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. Compounds 1 and 2 are two rare coumarins with butyl and propyl moieties at the C-6 position; compound 3 is a novel coumarin with a highly oxidized prenyl group, and compound 4 is a rare bisdihydrofuranocoumarin glycoside.


Subject(s)
Coumarins/isolation & purification , Glycosides/isolation & purification , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Plant Stems/chemistry , Rutaceae/chemistry
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2528-2535, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886936

ABSTRACT

Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Cistanche deserticola (C. deserticola) has a protective effect on the liver, but its active fraction and mechanism are not clear. In order to identify the effective fraction of C. deserticola Y. C. Ma, an acute alcoholic liver injury model in mice was established with 56-proof Erguotou and different fractional extracts of C. deserticola Y. C. Ma (total glycosides, polysaccharides, and oligosaccharides) were administered. After 14 days of oral administration, liver pathology and lipid deposition were measured and the expression of nuclear factor E2-related factor (Nrf-2), kelch-like ECH-associated protein-1 (Keap-1), and plasmalemma vesicle-associated protein-1 (PV1) were measured by immunofluorescence. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), endotoxin (ET), diamine oxidase (DAO), and D-lactic acid (D-LA) in serum, and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver were measured by ELISA. All animal experiments were carried out with approval of the Experimental Animal Welfare Ethics Committee of the Peking University Health Science Center. The results show that the total glycosides of C. deserticola Y. C. Ma (400 mg·kg-1) could decrease liver pathology, decrease serum endotoxin, diamine oxidase, and D-lactic acid, and reduce hepatic lipid deposition. Total glycosides also promoted Nrf-2 transfer into the nucleus and decreased the expression of Keap-1 and PV1. In summary, the total glycosides of C. deserticola Y. C. Ma had a protective effect in acute alcoholic liver injury and the mechanism may be related to the activation of the Nrf-2/Keap-1 pathway, improvement of intestinal wall integrity, and inhibition of the transport of harmful substances into the liver.

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 917-926, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922176

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the pregnancy outcome and sperm parameters in patients with idiopathic oligoasthenospermia.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang from inception till January 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCT) with the keywords male infertility, oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation, etc. Using the Cochrane risk bias tool, we evaluated the quality of the identified RCTs, and analyzed the primary outcomes, including pregnancy and live birth, and secondary outcomes, such as sperm concentration, motility and morphology.@*RESULTS@#Four RCTs with 321 subjects were included, of which none reported live birth and only one reported a pregnancy rate of 15% after treatment of 2 Hz TEAS. Neither 2 Hz (WMD: -3.01, 95% CI: -22.28 to 16.26) nor 100 Hz TEAS (WMD: -0.02, 95% CI: -5.29 to 5.56) had any significant effect on sperm concentration, while 100 Hz TEAS markedly improved the percentage of grade a sperm (WMD: 6.83, 95% CI: 2.10 to 11.57) compared with 2Hz TEAS (WMD: 2.31, 95% CI: 1.01 to 3.61). In comparison with the blank control, neither 2 Hz (WMD: 4.07, 95% CI: -5.15 to 13.29) nor 100 Hz TEAS (WMD: 6.59, 95% CI: -5.36 to 18.55) significantly affected the percentage of grade a + b sperm or total sperm motility.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of TEAS on the pregnancy outcome is not yet clear. 100 Hz TEAS significantly improved the percentage of grade a sperm in idiopathic oligoasthenospermia patients, which, however, is to be further verified with more high-quality clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Points , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 737-743, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).@*METHODS@#Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. The first set consisted of Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guilai (ST 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI4) and Baihui (GV 20), and the second set consisted of Tianshu (ST 25), ST 29, CV 3, CV 6, SP 6, Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC) 6 and GV 20. Patients in the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods through EA without electricity at 4 non-meridian points in each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin release test, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators such as total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, adiponectin, leptin, visfatin, resistin, and interleukin (IL-6).@*RESULTS@#Twenty-six subjects in the true acupuncture group and 20 subjects in the sham group completed the clinical trial. After 16 weeks of treatment, no significant difference in the outcome measures were observed between the two groups (P>0.05). However, as compared with baseline data, a reduction in weight, BMI, hipline, WHR, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity, visfatin and HDL-C, and an increase in resistin and IL-6 were observed in the true acupuncture group (P<0.05). In addition, a reduction in visfatin and an increase in TC were also observed in the sham group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of PCOS by improving glucose and lipid metabolism. Moreover, the sham acupuncture may be not completely ineffective. Sham acupuncture may improve some of the aspects of the glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients through a placebo effect. (Registration Nos. ChiCTR-TRC-12002529 and NCT01812161).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Glucose , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy , Single Person
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 884-886, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921962

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).@*METHODS@#The proband, with recurrence of blood in the stool, was diagnosed with FAP by endoscopy, pathological examination and a family history. She was subjected to next generation sequencing to detect genetic variant. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of members from her pedigree.@*RESULTS@#The proband, her mother and brother were found to carry a heterozygous c.532-1G>A variant of the APC gene, which may lead to aberrant splicing of mRNA resulting in a truncated protein, which may lose its normal function and promote the tumorigenesis. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, c.532-1G>A variant of APC gene was predicted to be pathogenic(PVS1+PP1+PP4+PP5).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.532-1G>A variant of the APC gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of FAP in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/genetics , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein/genetics , Genes, APC , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pedigree
16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 334-340, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of preoperative 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG) PET/CT parameters combined with coagulation parameters in predicting the recurrence after surgery in patients with early cervical cancer. Methods:A total of 120 patients(age range: 25-70 (47.9±8.5) years) with cervical cancer who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT examination and blood coagulation index test in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between January 2012 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into recurrent group and non-recurrent group according to the follow-up results. Independent-sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of related parameters between the recurrent and non-recurrent patients. Then the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed, and univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to evaluate the predictive value of parameters. Results:The follow-up time was 2-60 months. There were 36 recurrent cases, accounting for 30.0% (36/120) of all patients. The mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean), peak of standardized uptake value (SUV peak) and total lesion glycosis (TLG) were significantly different between recurrent ( n=27) and non-recurrent ( n=62) subgroups of moderately differentiated patiens (8.90±3.00 vs 7.50±2.90, 12.00±3.70 vs 10.20±4.50, 144.48(43.79, 366.46) vs 60.23(28.46, 113.15) g; t values: 1.968, 2.063, U=547.000, all P<0.05); the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), SUV mean, SUV peak, TLG were significantly different between recurrent ( n=7) and non-recurrent ( n=12) subgroups of poorly differentiated patiens (16.10±4.70 vs 7.60±2.33, 8.70±2.10 vs 4.40±1.50, 13.30±4.40 vs 5.60±1.80, 140.37(131.44, 143.94) vs 31.64(15.84, 92.14) g; t values: 5.363, 4.829, 5.429, U=3.000, all P<0.05); D-dimer and fibrinogen (FIB) of recurrent and non-recurrent patients were also different (175.00(100.00, 256.00) vs 86.00(51.25, 115.25) mg/L, (3.10±0.50) vs (2.80±0.50) mg/L; U=619.500, t=2.962, both P<0.05). The ROC curve indicated that SUV max (area under curve (AUC)=0.651), SUV mean (AUC=0.650), SUV peak (AUC=0.675), TLG (AUC=0.703), D-dimer (AUC=0.795) and FIB (AUC=0.672) could predict the recurrence of the disease(all P<0.01). Univariate Cox analysis revealed that the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging (hazard ratio ( HR)=2.363, 95% CI: 1.217-4.590), SUV max ( HR=4.855, 95% CI: 1.488-15.841), SUV mean ( HR=4.451, 95% CI: 1.573-12.597), SUV peak ( HR=7.190, 95% CI: 2.203-23.469), TLG ( HR=4.396, 95% CI: 2.238-8.633), D-dimer ( HR=4.761, 95% CI: 2.470-9.253) and FIB ( HR=3.196, 95% CI: 1.596-6.400) were predictive factors of recurrence (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that D-dimer ( HR=2.974, 95% CI: 1.476-5.990) and SUV peak ( HR=3.826, 95% CI: 1.063-13.778) were the main predictors (both P<0.05). ROC curve of SUV peak combined with D-dimer showed the AUC of 0.841( P<0.01). Conclusions:SUV peak and D-dimer are main indexes to evaluate the recurrence after surgery in patients with cervical cancer. SUV peak combined with D-dimer have good predictive value for the recurrence of cervical cancer.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 526-531, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878875

ABSTRACT

Mechanism study was performed to explore how Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promotes energy metabolism of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In this study, gastrointestinal stromal cells line GIST-882 was used as the model to explore energy metabolism regulation effects of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(10, 20, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) by measuring the cell proliferation, ATP level, mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Our results showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted cell proliferation and increased ATP level of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In addition, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously improved mitochondrial structural integrity, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential in GIST-882 cells. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and up-regulated the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Collectively, our study indicated that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted the energy metabolism for gastrointestinal stromal cells proliferation by activating mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase to induce ATP production, as well as activating SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Cell Line, Tumor , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Stromal Cells/metabolism
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 520-525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878874

ABSTRACT

Shouhui Tongbian Capsules was used to explore the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism on slow transit constipation model mice induced by loperamide hydrochloride. In the experiment, loperamide hydrochloride-induced ICR mice were used as the model of slow transit constipation. Fifty ICR mice were divided into the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(100, 200 and 400 mg·kg~(-1)). The model group and the administration groups were then modeled using loperamide hydrochloride intragastrically to obtain slow transit constipation. After successful modeling, high, medium and low doses of drugs were given to each drug group by intragastric administration. After 14 days of administration, the first defecation time, 6 h defecation grain number, 6 h defecation wet weight and dry weight, black feces discharged within 6 h and the fecal water content were measured. Intestinal tissues were taken for c-Kit and SCF immunohistochemical sections to detect the expression of c-Kit and SCF in the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of the medicinal extract of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules. The tissue changes in the intestinal wall of mice were detected by HE staining. At the same time, partial intestinal tissues were taken to test the activity of ATP synthase and isocitrate dehydrogenase in intestinal tissues of mice. RESULTS:: showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules effectively improved the symptoms of slow transit constipation in ICR mice and promoted intestinal movement. Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously shortened the time of discharging black stool for the first time, improved the intestinal propulsion rate, increased the water content and amount of feces, and improved the constipation symptoms. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased ATP synthase activity and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity in intestinal tissue, and up-regulated c-Kit/SCF signaling pathway to promote interstitial Cajal cells proliferation, intestinal nerve transmission, intestinal motility and transport capacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Capsules , Constipation/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Transit , Loperamide , Mice, Inbred ICR
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 505-510, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878872

ABSTRACT

"Target fishing" strategy was used to investigate the direct targets and mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules on relaxing bowel. Magnetic beads cross-linked with the chemical constituents from Shouhui Tongbian Capsules were prepared. The potential target proteins were captured from the total protein lysates of rat intestine using the beads. The captured proteins were further identified by LC-MS/MS, and the associated pathways were analyzed by Cytoscape. RESULTS:: showed that 138 potential target proteins were identified, which were involved in eight signaling pathways, including tricarboxylic acid cycle, pyrimidine metabolism, sulfur metabolism, fatty acid degradation, alanine/aspartate/glutamate metabolism, arginine/proline metabolism, valine/leucine/isoleucine degradation, and β-alanine metabolism. Taken together, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules may exert relaxing bowel effect by acting on multiple signaling pathways to promote intestinal gurgling, inhibit inflammation, as well as improve intestinal barrier function, intestinal water secretion, and intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Intestines , Leucine , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 288-291, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether CT image post-processing software can accurately measure (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, ALPPS) related (future liver remnant, FLR).Methods:Clinical data of 9 liver cancer patients undergoing ALPPS were retrospectively analyzed in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from Mar 2015 to May 2019. All cases were divided into 2 groups by measurement: CT′s image post-processing software, or Myrian software. Two groups were compared with each other by paired t-test. Results:FLR from group CT′s image post-processing software was larger than that by Myrian software, there was statistical difference ( t=2.512, P=0.019). The mistakes of FLR measurements by the radiologist using CT′s image post-processing software couldbe caused by: (1)Lacking theoretical knowledge of liver surgery; (2) Adding devitalized tissue of hepatic section into future liver remnant; (3) Concept confusion about liver anatomy; (4) Lack of precision measurement. Conclusions:The inaccuracies generated during the ALPPS related future liver remnant measurements in CT′s image post-processing technique are all caused by human factors. These problems could be solved if the radiologist who operates 3D reconstruction receives liver surgery training or works with liver surgeons.

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