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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928890

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the new policy for coronary stent centralized volume purchasing in China, the blood pressure sensor at the tip of the catheter, as one of the essential medical instruments for the diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease, will meet the new development opportunity of the industry, a number of medical device companies will actively participate in the development and registration of the catheter tip blood pressure sensor. As an invasive blood pressure sensor, the catheter tip blood pressure sensor should meet the current effective industry standard YY 0781-2010, however, there are many problems when using YY 0781-2010 as a blood pressure sensor because of the difference of product structure and working mode. In this paper, the problems about "Operation Manual", "electrical performance" and "safety requirement" in the course of carrying out YY 0781- 2010 with the blood pressure sensor on the tip of catheter are discussed and analyzed in detail, hope to provide some inspiration for more research and development enterprises of blood pressure sensors on the tip of catheters and inspectors of medical device testing institutions, also hope to be able to contribute to the high-quality development of blood pressure sensor industry at the tip of the Catheter.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Catheters , China , Equipment Design
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 220-223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the practicability and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB). Methods: Data of 53 cases with transjugular liver biopsy from June 2015 to June 2020 were collected. LABS-100 was used in all patients who underwent transjugular liver biopsy. Among them, 45 cases and eight were biopsied via hepatic vein and intrahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. The surgical indications, related complications, and postoperative pathological diagnosis were analyzed and summarized. Results: TJLB was successful in all patients, with an average of 2.8 punctures per case. Satisfactory liver tissue and histopathological diagnosis was obtained in all patients. Two cases developed a cervical hematoma that was improved spontaneously, and one patient developed an intrahepatic hematoma that was improved after conservative treatment. Conclusion: TJLB is a practical and safe method for patients with contraindications to percutaneous liver biopsy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy/methods , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Humans , Jugular Veins , Liver Diseases/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 60-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933757

ABSTRACT

Congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG) is a group of genetic metabolic diseases involving multiple organs. A case of CDG caused by SLC35A2 gene mutation was diagnosed. The clinical characteristics included spasms, developmental retardation and multiple malformations. Video-electroencephalogram showed dysrhythmia. A de novo heterozygous missense mutation of SLC35A2 gene was detected by whole exome sequencing: c.844G>A (p.Gly282Arg). It was predicted to be likely pathogenic according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines which had not been reported in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the clinical dosimetry commissioning methods and results of the 1.5 T MR-linac.Methods:In May, 2019, an Elekta Unity 1.5 T MR-linac was installed in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and dosimetry commissioning was performed with magnetic field compatible measuring instruments. Commissioning items include absolute dose calibration, data acquisition and planning system model verification.Results:Absolute dose calibration in magnetic field should be corrected by magnetic field correction factor. The standard output dose of Unity was 87 cGy. Gamma analysis (3%/2 mm) was performed on the beam collection data and the planning system calculation data. The average pass rate of dose verification of standard field test cases was 96.41%, and the TG119 test case was 98.24%. The IROC end to end test case was 97.5%(7%/4 mm).Conclusions:The planning system model and the beam collection data have good consistency. The dose verification results of the standard field and TG119 test cases meet the general tolerance limit requirements of the AAPM TG218 report, and the verification results of the IROC end-to-end test cases meet the IROC center standards.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe a prospective study of pre-operative tumor-bed boost performed at the 1.5 T MR-Linac in combination with adjuvant whole breast irradiation, and a first case, with an accentuation on clinical feasibility and safety.Methods:A phase II, single arm study recruiting early stage patients follows a paradigm that first boosts the tumor bed and then undergoes breast conservative surgery in 2 weeks, and last irradiates the whole breast in 6 weeks. The primary endpoint is ≥ grade 2 acute breast toxicity. A 43 years old patient affected by a breast carcinoma, not special type of the right-sided lateral quadrant, staged cT 2N 0M 0, was planned and treated. The dose, 8 Gy for one time, was calculated by Monaco on CT simulation images. Both the air electron stream effect (ESE) and the electron return effect (ERE) at the presence of 1.5 T magnetic field were evaluated. During the pre-treatment evaluation, we carried out adaptation-to-position adjustment. Results:The normal organ dosimetry is within toleration. The Dmax to the skin, the chin and the right upper arm was 8.44 Gy, 28.5 cGy and 17.8 cGy, respectively. There was no increased toxicity from ERE and ESE, and the treatment was well tolerated without > grade 1 acute toxicity. The patient received breast conservative surgery on day 7 without delayed wound healing.Conclusions:This is the first case successfully treated within a clinical trial by pre-operative tumor-bed boost under 1.5 T MR-Linac in our institution. More participants are needed to validate and optimize the paradigm.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929968

ABSTRACT

As a classical acute reactive protein, C-reactive protein is an evaluation index to reflect the severity of inflammatory reaction. Albumin can not only reflect the nutritional status of the body, but also reflect the degree of body consumption caused by disease. At present, the ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin has been proved to have a certain predictive value in a variety of abdominal surgical diseases, such as acute pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease and various abdominal tumors. Compared with the detection of C-reactive protein or albumin alone, this index has higher sensitivity and accuracy, but also has the characteristics of cheap, early and continuous detection, compared with other prognostic scores, it can provide more timely guidance for disease diagnosis and treatment and follow-up treatment, and it is considered as a new and effective prognostic index. This article reviews the prognostic value of the ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin in abdominal surgery-related diseases.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1234-1238, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929514

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the changes of disease spectrum and characteristics of orbital disease distribution in orbital outpatients, introduce the procedures and methods of diagnosis and treatment of orbital diseases in our hospital and define the work focus and social needs in orbital disease. METHODS: Prospective observational study. A registration form was designed to record the gender, age and diagnosis of orbital outpatients in our treatment group. The orbital diseases were divided into seven categories for statistical analysis. The composition ratio, male to female ratio, age of onset, subtypes of dominant diseases and the top three common diseases were analyzed. This paper introduces the diagnosis and treatment process of the orbital disease specialty clinic of our hospital.RESULTS: A total of 1 059 patients with orbital diseases were registered from April 1 to December 31, 2021. The most common orbital diseases were thyroid-related ophthalmopathy(TAO)in 325 cases(30.7%), followed by orbital tumors in 282 cases(26.6%), orbital trauma in 213 cases(20.1%), orbital inflammation in 205 cases(19.4%). Orbital vascular malformation, congenital and genetic venereal diseases and other orbital diseases were 34 cases(3.2%). Pathological diagnosis: orbital tumors in 150 cases(72.8%)were benign, the first three benign tumors were hemolymphangioma, orbital cyst and neurogenic tumor. Orbital tumors in 56 cases were malignant(27.2%), the first three malignant tumors were orbital lymphoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and rhabdomyosarcoma. The most common orbital injury was orbital blowout fracture, followed by optic nerve injury and orbital soft tissue injury. Orbital non-infectious inflammation accounted for 89.8% and 10.2% with infectious inflammation.CONCLUSION: The spectrum of orbital diseases has changed, and the most common and dominant diseases are TAO, orbital tumor, orbital trauma and orbital inflammation, accounting for 96.8% of the total, which are the main work content in orbital profession. Medical resources of orbital diseases should be rationally allocated according to the changes of disease spectrum to meet the needs of social development.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2046-2052, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942658

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of the three-dimensional visualization ablation planning system in radiofrequency ablation for liver cancer. Methods A total of 71 patients who received radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University from July 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled as subjects. The 34 patients in the three-dimensional group used the three-dimensional visualization ablation planning system for radiofrequency protocol planning before surgery and the 37 patients in the two-dimensional group used the two-dimensional image for radiofrequency protocol planning before surgery. The two groups were compared in terms of the indices such as the first-attempt success rate of puncture, complete tumor ablation rate, and tumor-free survival. The Fisher's exact test, the chi-square test of continuous correction, or the Pearson chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the Log-rank (Mantel-Cox) test was used for comparison of tumor recurrence and survival; the Cox proportional-hazards regression model analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for tumor-free survival. Results Compared with the two-dimensional group, the three-dimensional group had a significantly higher first-attempt success rate of puncture (94.12% vs 75.68%, Pearson χ 2 =4.183, P =0.041) and a significantly shorter median time of puncture (5 minutes vs 7 minutes, Z =-2.407, P =0.013). There was no significant difference in complete ablation rate between the three-dimensional group and the two-dimensional group (97.06% vs 91.89%, continuous correction χ 2 =0.183, P =0.669). There were significant differences in the 1-, 2-, and 4-year cumulative tumor-free survival rates between the three-dimensional group and the two-dimensional group (90.8%/78.8%/72.8% vs 61.5%/55.9%/44.7%, χ 2 =5.073, P =0.024). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative planning method, complete or incomplete ablation, and alpha-fetoprotein at 1 month after surgery were independent influencing factors for the tumor-free survival of patients with liver cancer after radiofrequency ablation (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Radiofrequency ablation planning via the three-dimensional visualization ablation planning system can ensure the therapeutic effect of radiofrequency ablation, reduce the recurrence rate of liver cancer, and prolong the tumor-free survival of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of two children patients with CHARGE syndrome.@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the two patients were analyzed, and potential variants were detected by Trio whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) of the probands and their parents.@*RESULTS@#Child 1 has manifested cerebellar vermis dysplasia, enlargement of cerebral ventricles, whereas child 2 manifested with infantile spasm and congenital hip dysplasia. Both children were found to harbor de novo heterozygous variants of the CHD7 gene, namely c.4015C>T (exon 17) and c.5050G>A (exon 22). Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the two variants were rated as pathogenic variants, and the related disease was CHARGE syndrome. Furthermore, child 2 was also found to harbor a novel heterozygous c.6161A>C (p.Gln2054Pro) missense variant of COL12A1 gene, which was rated as possibly pathogenic, and the associated disease was Bethlem myopathy type 2, which is partially matched with the patient' s clinical phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The special clinical phenotypes shown by the two children harboring novel CHD7 variants have further expanded the phenotypic spectrum of CHARGE syndrome.


Subject(s)
CHARGE Syndrome/genetics , DNA Helicases/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927964

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive. Randomized controlled trials of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive were searched from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CMB, PubMed and EMbase. After strict literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation, a total of 22 articles were included for analysis by RevMan 5.3. The Meta-analysis showed that Shuxuetong Injection combined with conventional treatment was superior to the conventional treatment alone in the major outcome indicators including effective rate(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.20, 1.33], Z=9.18, P<0.000 01), deterioration rate(RR=0.38, 95%CI[0.22, 0.68], Z=3.31, P=0.000 9), NIHSS scores(MD=-3.89, 95%CI[-4.34,-3.43], Z=16.83, P<0.000 01), CSS scores(MD=-5.59, 95%CI[-6.42,-4.76], Z=13.20, P<0.000 01) and activity of daily living scores(MD=12.02, 95%CI[10.31, 13.72], Z=13.83, P<0.000 01), mortality during treatment was not increased(RR=0.40, 95%CI[0.13, 1.26], Z=1.56, P=0.12). Moreover, Shuxuetong Injection combined with conventional treatment further reduced the secondary outcome indicators including fibrinogen(MD=-0.35, 95%CI[-0.58,-0.13], Z=3.09, P=0.002), triglyceride(MD=-0.38, 95%CI[-0.67,-0.10], Z=2.65, P=0.008), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(MD=-0.72, 95%CI[-0.83,-0.61], Z=12.64, P<0.000 01), serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein(MD=-4.41, 95%CI[-6.96,-1.86], Z=3.38, P=0.000 7), and interleukin-6(MD=-5.43, 95%CI[-6.91,-3.96], Z=7.22, P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation results showed that the major outcome indicators had low quality of evidence. Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of stroke in progressive can improve the clinical effective rate, reduce the deterioration rate, improve the neurological function and activity of daily living, down-regulate the levels of fibrinogen, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and alleviate the inflammatory response. Although most studies have reported no adverse reactions, there are selective reports. The safety of Shuxuetong Injection needs to be further verified by more high-quality randomized controlled trial.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Injections , Stroke/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience of ELEKTA Unity MR-linac in clinical application in our hospital and analyze the positioning accuracy, process time and other related issues.Methods:A total of 14 patients enrolled in the Unity MR-Linac study were reviewed. All treatment time (including positioning, scanning, replanning, and beam discharge) and setup errors in 3directions were statistically analyzed. 11 patients with conventional accelerators using the multifunctional immobilization system (MIS) were randomly selected to make statistical analysis of the setup errors, and the differences between the Unity group and the conventional accelerators using the MIS were compared using t-test. Results:In the Unity group, the setup errors in X, Y and Z directions were (-0.15±0.30) cm, (0.02±0.57) cm and (-0.10±0.28) cm, respectively. The average treatment time was 36.87minutes. The average positioning time was 5.40minutes. The mean scan time was 7.48minutes, the mean adaptive plan time was 7.46minutes, and the mean beam time was 9.48minutes. In the conventional accelerator group, the setup errors were (0.05±0.25) cm, (-0.01±0.25) cm and (-0.03±0.23) cm, respectively. The results of the setup errors of patients fixed with MIS showed that there were significant differences in the left and right directions ( P<0.001), while there were no significant differences in the Y and Z directions ( P=0.061 and 0.374) between two groups. Conclusions:Except in the X direction, there is no significant difference in setup errors between the Unity and conventional accelerator groups in the condition of laser-free system. Under smooth circumstances, the treatment time by using ATP (adapt to position) workflow will also be within the range of tolerance of the patients. Magnetic-guided radiotherapy has a promising application prospect, whereas the procedure needs to be optimized.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of hemoperfusion in the treatment of severe organophosphorus poisoning and its effect on diaphragm function.Methods:Eighty-five patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning who received treatment in Affiliated Huxi Hospital of Jining Medical University (Shanxian Central Hospital), China between January 2018 and January 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into treatment ( n = 43)and control ( n = 42) groups. The control group was given conventional treatment including gastric lavage, catharsis, and application of reactivators and anticholinergic drugs. The treatment group was subjected to three times of hemoperfusion, with an interval of 24 hours between two hemoperfusion interventions based on the conventional treatment used in the control group. Before and after three times of hemoperfusion, serum levels of cholinesterase (CHE), interleukin-6 (IL-6), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) were measured. The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and oxygenation index (OI) in each group were calculated. Right diaphragmatic activity, diaphragmatic thickness at the end of inspiration (DTei) and diaphragmatic thickness at the end of expiration were measured by bedside ultrasound. The diaphragmatic thickening rate (DTF) and diaphragmatic rapid shallow breathing index (D-RSBI) were calculated. Serum CHE and IL-6 levels, OI, diaphragmatic activity, DTF and D-RSBI were compared between the treatment and control groups. The incidence of intermediate syndrome, tracheal intubation rate, 28-day mortality rate, and hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results:Before hemoperfusion, there were no significant differences in serum levels of CHE and IL-6, OI, right diaphragmatic activity, DTF, and D-RSBI between the treatment and control groups (all P > 0.05). After three times of hemoperfusion, serum IL-6 level and D-RSBI in the treatment group were (37.9 ± 6.2) ng/L and (0.77 ± 0.20) times /min/mm, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(45.9 ± 5.3) ng/L, (0.90 ± 0.16) times/min/mm ( t = -6.295, -3.382, P < 0.001, P = 0.001)]. Serum CHE level, OI, DE and DTF in the treatment group were (2.29 ± 0.52) kU/L, (264.5 ± 24.3) mmHg, (16.5 ± 1.9) mm, (27.2 ± 4.7) %, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.96 ± 0.39) kU/L, (252.6 ± 27.2) mmHg, (14.3 ± 1.6) mm, (23.5 ± 4.1) %, t = 3.258, 2.141, 5.598, 3.877, all P < 0.05]. The incidence of intermediate syndrome, tracheal intubation rate, hospital stay in the treatment group were [4.7% (2/43)], [2.3% (1/43)] and [(11.8 ± 1.8) days], respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [23.8% (10/42), 19.0% (8/42) and (12.9 ± 1.8) days, χ2 = 6.432, P = 0.011; χ2 = 6.276, P = 0.012; t = -2.932, P = 0.004]. There was no significant difference in 28-day mortality rate between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Hemoperfusion can improve diaphragmatic function, reduce inflammatory reaction and shorten hospital stay in patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881228

ABSTRACT

@#More and more relevant research results show that anatomical segmentectomy has the same effect as traditional lobectomy in the surgical treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (diameter<2.0 cm). Segmentectomy is more difficult than lobotomy. Nowadays, with the promotion of personalization medicine and precision medicine, three-dimensional technique has been widely applied in the medical field. It has advantages such as preoperative simulation, intraoperative positioning, intraoperative navigation, clinical teaching and so on. It plays a key role in the discovery of local anatomical variation of pulmonary segment. This paper reviewed the clinical application of three-dimensional technique and briefly described the clinical application value of this technique in segmentectomy.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 271-282, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881136

ABSTRACT

The chemotherapy combined with photothermal therapy has been a favorable approach for the treatment of breast cancer. In present study, nanoparticles with the characteristics of photothermal/matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) dual-responsive, tumor targeting, and size-variability were designed for enhancing the antitumor efficacy and achieving "on-demand" drug release markedly. Based on the thermal sensitivity of gelatin, we designed a size-variable gelatin nanoparticle (GNP) to encapsulate indocyanine green (ICG) and doxorubicin (DOX). Under an 808 nm laser irradiation, GNP-DOX/ICG responded photothermally and swelled in size from 71.58 ± 4.28 to 160.80 ± 9.51 nm, which was beneficial for particle retention in the tumor sites and release of the loaded therapeutics. Additionally, GNP-DOX/ICG showed a size reduction of the particles to 33.24 ± 4.11 nm and further improved drug release with the degradation of overexpressed MMP-2 in tumor. In the subsequently performed

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1517-1521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922288

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 patients with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected, the clinical data and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 15 patients was 59 (19-89) years old; among the patients, 7 were males and 8 were females, ostealgia was the initial symptom. The pathological types of the 15 patients were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 5 cases of Has type GCB subtype (5/15), and 10 cases of Non-GCB subtype (10/15). After 15 patients were diagnosed, 11 patients (11/15) received chemotherapy, 3 patients (3/15) received surgery, and 1 patient was untreated (1/15), median chemotherapy courses was 5 (1-9). 8 patients have achieved complete remission (8/15), 3 patients achieved partial remission (3/15), and 1 patient achieved stable disease (1/15), 1 patient was lost to follow-up (1/15), 1 patient was untreated (1/15), and 1 patient was progression of disease (1/15). Age, pathological subtype, sex, stage, β2-MG level, LDH level, and the using of rituximab were not correlated with the complete remission rate of the patients(P>0.05), while the IPI score was correlated with the recent complete remission rate (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 19 (1-38) months, 10 patients survived, in which 6 cases were still in complete remission, and the median time to progression-free survival was 15 (1-38) months.@*CONCLUSION@#The first symptom of primary bone diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is bone pain, the main pathological subtype is Non-GCB, the optimal treatment is combined chemotherapy, and the IPI score is related to the prognosis of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1091-1095, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876762

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the change of anterior chamber angle(ACA)and vault value before and after implantable collamer lens(ICL)in two implant positions.<p>METHODS: Randomized controlled study. A total of 83 patients(154 eyes)underwent ICL(V4c, 12.6mm)surgery from 2018 to 2019 were enrolled and divided into two randomly, including into horizontal group(79 eyes)and into vertical group(75 eyes). Pentacam was used to measure the ACA at 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° points before and after implantation and the ACA changes were calculated.<p>RESULTS: After 12mo, the changes of ACA at 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° position were 15.3°±6.1°, 13.9°±6.3°, 16.5°±5.5° and 12.9°±6.0° in horizontal group while 12.9°±3.7°, 14.5°±6.8°, 14.3°±5.4° and 13.2°±5.9° in vertical group. There was a significant difference in ACA change at 0°-180° position between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05). The vault value was 486±183μm, 422±203μm, 393±198μm and 345±165μm in the horizontal group and 432±163μm, 418±138μm, 379±133μm and 328±142μm in the vertical group at 1, 3, 6 and 12mo respectively. The vault value of the horizontal group at 1mo was significantly different from that at 6mo and 12mo after implantation(<i>P</i>>0.05). The vault value of the vertical group at 1mo was significantly different from that at 6mo and 12mo after implantation(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: During one year after ICL implantation, the ACA changes significantly in horizontal setting than in vertical setting at 0° to 180° points and there is a dynamic decreasing change in vault value.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907708

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disorder characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and infiltration of IgG4 positive blood cells in the affected organs. However, other conditions like malignancy as well as connective tissue diseases, may show similar findings. A 56-year-old male patient visited Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for recurrent fever and chest pain for more than 1 month. Preliminary tests diagnosed as IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD). However, the improvement of symptoms was absent after the treatment with methylprednisolone. The patient underwent the second biopsy and the result eventually demonstrated lung adenocarcinoma. The role of IgG4 in the pathogenesis or prognosis for lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of symptoms, test of specific serum markers and eventually pathological confirmation are required to avoid misdiagnosis.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3243-3251, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906845

ABSTRACT

This study aims at the critical role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in tumor drug resistance, taking advantage of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) dependence of P-gp mediated drug transport and efflux across the cell membrane. Mitochondrial targeted calcium arsenite/doxorubicin (DOX) lipid nanoparticles were constructed via hydrothermal method and thin-film dispersion method for reversing tumor drug resistance. The results showed that the lipid nanoparticles were uniform in size and well dispersed with a mean particle size of (261 ± 7) nm, zeta potential of (-9.6 ± 1.3) mV. The DOX loading efficiency and encapsulation efficiency were 22.6% and 84.0%. The in vitro drug release profile was pH-dependent; the drug accumulation at mitochondria was significantly increased, which then caused overload of calcium and inhibition of P-gp and ATP, thereby reversing tumor drug resistance. The simultaneously released arsenite ion and DOX could synergistically kill the tumor cells. In summary, the lipid nanoparticles prepared in this study have uniform particle size, high drug loading efficiency and encapsulation efficiency, excellent colloidal stability, pH responsiveness, and impressive ability to reverse tumor drug resistance, which may hold great potential in further clinical applications.

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