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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of drug coated balloon (DCB) vs. plain old balloon (POB) on in-stent restenosis (ISR) of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease of the lower limb. Methods:The clinical data of 91 ISR patients admitted at Shanxi Bethune Hospital from Jul 2016 to Dec 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary patency rates were compared.Results:There were 43 patients treated with drug coated balloons and 48 patients treated with plain old balloons. The surgical procedure was successful in all cases, and the symptoms of lower limb ischemia were significantly improved after surgical procedure. The primary patency rate of patients who were treated by drug coated balloons was significantly higher than by plain old balloons at 12 months after surgery (83.7% vs. 62.5%, P<0.05). Conclusion:The use of drug coated balloons could acquire more satisfactory short-term clinical efficacy for ISR patients of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884689

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the accuracy of bony resection and component size planning of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) assisted with a novel designed patient-specific instrumentation (PSI).Methods:Thirty-eight TKAs assisted with a novel designed PSI of thirty-five patients from March 2018 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 11 males (10 knees) and 27 females (25 knees), aged 67.7±6.9 years (range 49-81 years). Intraoperative bone resection thicknesses at medial distal femur (MDF), lateral distal femur (LDF), medial posterior femur (MPF), lateral posterior femur (LPF), anterior femur (AF), medial tibial (MT), lateral tibial (LT) were measured with vernier caliper and compared with the preoperative planned bone resections as a primary outcome. The femur and tribal component sizes used intraoperatively were recorded and compared the preoperative planning.Results:The difference of thickness was -0.1±1.6 mm at MDF, -0.5±1.6 mm at LDF, 0.8±1.7 mm at MPF, 0.0±1.7 mm at LPF, 0.0±1.4 mm at AF, -0.3±1.4 mm at MT and 0.3±1.5 mm at LT. The ratio of differences <2 mm and <3mm were 87.8% and 93.94% at MDF, 87.8% and 93.94% at LDF, 71.3% and 85.71% at MPF, 77.14% and 91.43% at LPF, 88.46% and 100% at AF, 85.29% and 97.06% at MT, 83.78% and 94.59% at LT. 89.47% of femoral components were the same size with preoperative planning, 10.53% femoral components were within 0.5 size compared to the preoperative planning, no femoral components were over 0.5 size compared to the preoperative planning; 36.84% of tibial components were the same size with preoperative planning, 60.53% tibial components were within 0.5 size compared to the preoperative planning, 2.63% tibial components were within 1 size compared to the preoperative planning, notibial components were over 1 size compared to the preoperative planning.Conclusion:TKA assisted with a novel designed PSI shows good accuracy with bone resection and component size planning. The procedure of TKA could be simplified with this technique.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study factors influencing postoperative pancreatic fistula rates with a view to prevent postoperation pancreatic fistula from happening.Methods:This is a retrospective study on 281 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from March 2011 to April 2018. There were 89 males and 192 females, with the age of (51.01±13.65) years. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the following factors on the occurrence of pancreatic fistula after operation: gender, age, body mass index(BMI), tumor characteristics, preoperative fasting blood glucose, blood biochemistry, liver function and surgical indications.Results:Of the 281 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy in this study, 245 (87.2%) did not develop pancreatic fistula / biochemical leakage, while 36(12.8%) patients developed clinically significant pancreatic fistula (B/C grade). Univariate analysis showed the factors which affected the incidence of pancreatic fistula after surgery to include: BMI, preoperative fasting blood glucose, and whether the main pancreatic duct was ligated (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent factors affecting pancreatic fistula incidence after surgery were BMI≥25 kg/m 2 ( OR=2.354, 95% CI: 1.137-4.873, P<0.05), and main pancreatic duct was not ligated ( OR=4.067, 95% CI: 1.191-13.885, P<0.05). Conclusions:A high BMI increased the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula, while ligation of main pancreatic duct during surgery reduced the risk.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy of direct intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (DIPS) in treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS).Methods:From January 1, 2015 to June 31, 2017, consecutive patients with BCS who were treated with DIPS at the Department of Interventional Therapy of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, the Liver Disease Research Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital and the General Surgery Department of Beijing Ditan Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The symptoms, physical signs (including abdominal distension, ascites, pleural effusion, splenomegaly, hepatic encephalopathy) and perioperative laboratory results of these patients were collected and analyzed. Biochemical indicators including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), and portal pressure gradient were compared before and 2 weeks after treatment. The patients were followed up for at least 3 years to assess their clinical symptoms, patency of shunt, oncological status and survival.Results:Of 67 patients with BCS who were included in the study, there were 45 males and 22 females, aged (38.12±23.22) years. The BCS classification of these patients were hepatic vein type ( n=65), including 62 patients with complete hepatic vein obstruction, 3 patients with hepatic vein occlusion due to thrombosis, and 2 patients with mixed hepatic vein and inferior vena cava occlusion. All 67 patients underwent DIPS with 93 stents being implanted. In addition, 43 patients underwent gastric coronary vein embolization, and 2 patients with mixed type of BCS underwent inferior vena cava stenting. The portal pressure gradient decreased from (22.17±9.16) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (9.87±4.75) mmHg, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Abdominal distension was relieved, at one month and ascites completely subsided in 3 months after operation. The liver congestion and swelling were obviously relieved. Comparison of patients 2 weeks after operation and before operation, ALT decreased from (65.28±27.75) U/L to (28.43±13.46)U/L, AST from (68.75±29.23) U/L to (26.92±13.33)U/L, TBil from (175.31±80.48)μmol/L to (45.08±26.54)μmol/L, DBil from (127.55±44.65)μmol/L to (35.12±10.77)μmol/L, and albumin increased from (31.56±7.22) g/L to (44.18±11.36)g/L, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). All patients were followed up for at least 3 years. Shunt stenosis was detected in 5 patients (7.46%) with shunt expansion being performed, variceal bleeding in 2 patients (2.99%), ascites recurrence in 4 patients (5.97%) and hepatic encephalopathy in 2 patients (2.99%). No patients were diagnosed with hepatic cancer, and no patients died. Conclusion:DIPS was efficacious, safe and reliable to that BCS patients. It rapidly reduced portal venous pressure, relieved liver congestion, and restored liver morphology and liver function in these patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of Hassab operation combined with either radiofrequency ablation(RFA) or liver resection in treatment of liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of patients with primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension operated at the Department of General Surgery of Beijing Ditan Hospital from June 2013 to June 2015. These patients were divided into the RFA combined with Hassab operation group and the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group according to the surgical procedures. The general patient information, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications and the 1-, 3-, and 5-years cumulative survival rates and recurrence-free survival rates were compared.Results:Of 53 patients who were included in the study, 30 patients were in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group (including 28 males and 2 females, average age 46.3 (27.0~64.0) years, and 23 patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group (including 20 males and 3 females), average age 44.7(33.0~59.0) years. There were no significant differences in the general patient information including age, gender, maximum tumor diameter, preoperative laboratory tests (including blood routine, liver function, tumor markers), and Child-Pugh classification between the two groups (all P>0.05). Intraoperative blood loss in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group was significantly less than those in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group [(401.67±183.12) ml vs (552.17±333.88) ml, P<0.05]. There were also no significant differences between the two groups in operation time, blood transfusion during operation, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications ( P>0.05). The incidence of severe postoperative complications (Clavein-Dindo grade ≥ IIIb) in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group was 47.8% (11/23), which was significantly higher than the 20.0% (6/30) in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group were 82.8%, 49.9%, and 33.2%, respectively, while the corresponding survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 81.0%, 58.2%, 43.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group at 1-, 3-, and 5-years after surgery were 79.2%, 38.8%, and 21.6%, respectively. The corresponding recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 76.4%, 41.7%, and 27.8%, respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:RFA combined with Hassab operation was safe and efficacious to treat primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of LINC00261 on the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and tumor formation and its underlying mechanism in nude mice.Methods:qRT-PCR was used to detect the relative expression levels of miR-620 and LINC00261 in radiosensitive and radioresistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues. After the 6-10B and HNE-3 cells were irradiated with 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 Gy 60Coγ-ray, the relative expression levels of miR-620 and LINC00261 were measured by qRT-PCR. After over-expression or silencing of LINC00261 and inhibition of miR-620 expression, the cells were irradiated with 4 Gy 60Coγ-ray. Clone formation assay was performed to detect the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved caspase-9 proteins. Luciferase reporter assay was adopted to analyze the targeting relationship between LINC00261 and miR-620. The changes in tumor formation were observed in tumor-bearing nude mice. Results:Compared with the radiosensitive tissues, the expression of LINC00261 was significantly down-regulated, whereas that of miR-620 was significantly up-regulated in radioresistant tissues (both P<0.05). After different doses of irradiation, the expression of LINC00261 was significantly down-regulated, whereas that of miR-620 was significantly up-regulated in 6-10B and HNE-3 cells (both P<0.05). After overexpression of LINC00261 and interference with miR-620 expression, the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved caspase-9 were significantly up-regulated (both P<0.05), the cell apoptosis rate was remarkably increased ( P<0.05) and the cell survival fraction was significantly enhanced in 6-10B and HNE-3 cells ( P<0.05). LINC00261 targetedly regulated the expression of miR-620. Overexpression of miR-620 could attenuate the radiosensitization and pro-apoptotic effects of LINC00261 overexpression on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. LINC00261 overexpression could significantly reduce the tumor formation weight of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in nude mice ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Overexpression of LINC00261 can increase the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells probably by targeted regulation of miR-620 expression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 59-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of MAGiC STIR sequence inassessing bone marrow edema (BME) of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients.Methods:Twenty two AS patients from the Affiliated Fifth Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2019 to January 2020 underwent MR scanning, consisting of T 2WI fat-suppressed (FS) sequence and MAGiC sequence. Each SIJ was divided into four quadrants for analysis on oblique coronal MR image. Two radiologists [middle-higher seniority levels (radiologist 1 and radiologist 2) reviewed image sets of two sequences [T 2WI FS and MAGiC short T 1 inversion recovery (STIR) sequence] independently at separate times, using Hermann-Braun scoring system for degree of BME and summing numbers of quadrants based on BME findings. Disagreements were resolved to reach an agreement for final results.Assessments were repeated two weeks later by radiologist 2. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated to assess the inter-and intra-observer agreement for the degree of BME and numbers of positive BME quadrants in the MAGiC STIR sequence, respectively. The differences between the two sequences for the degree of BME and numbers of positive BME quadrants were analyzed with Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Chi-square test, respectively. Taking the results of T 2WI FS sequence as a reference standard, the ROC curve was drawn, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in the detection of BME were calculated for the MAGiC STIR sequence. Results:Nineteen AS patients including 38 sacroiliac joints were enrolled in our study, being divided into 152 quadrants. Inter-and intra-observer agreement for the degree of BME and inter-observer agreement for numbers of positive BME quadrants in the MAGiC STIR sequence were all good (ICC=0.936, 95%CI 0.912-0.953, P<0.001; ICC=0.910, 95%CI 0.878-0.934, P<0.001; ICC=0.876, 95%CI 0.833-0.909, P<0.001). The difference between the two sequences for the degree of BME in quadrants was statistically significant ( Z=-3.132, P=0.002). But there was no statistically significant difference between sequences for numbers of quadrants in detecting BME (χ2=0.244, P=0.622). Area under the ROC curve of MAGiC STIR sequence in diagnosis of BME was 0.920 ( P<0.001). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for the MAGiC STIR sequence in the detection of BME were 82.0%, 95.1%, 89.1% and 91.5%, respectively. Conclusion:MAGiC STIR sequence can be used to evaluate bone marrow edema of SIJ in AS patients with high sensitivity and specificity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883625

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problem of poor communication, low efficiency of consultation, and even affecting self-confidence caused by unskilled skills and insufficient cooperation with patients in the real clinic, and to solve the problem during the clinical thinking training that beginners do not know how to organize effective information and complete the process of diagnosis and differential diagnosis more efficiently. By applying the artificial intelligence (AI) virtual patient (VP) system to the process of teaching diagnostic knowledge and clinical thinking training. It provides the students with the experience of simulating the diagnosis and treatment of the clinical real scene. Let the students talk with the VP system for inquiry training and then go to the clinic to give the real patients inquiry and by simulating the process of treating the real patients, let the students take the initiative to complete the collection of medical records and clinical decision-making under the simulated scene to train the clinical thinking. This can not only solve the shortcomings of the previous simulation teaching and clinical teaching, but also stimulate students' interest in learning. According to the results of the questionnaire, students have a high acceptance of VP system simulation teaching. Through the results of homework and assessment and evaluation, the teaching results are better than before, and this teaching method should be further popularized.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881228

ABSTRACT

@#More and more relevant research results show that anatomical segmentectomy has the same effect as traditional lobectomy in the surgical treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (diameter<2.0 cm). Segmentectomy is more difficult than lobotomy. Nowadays, with the promotion of personalization medicine and precision medicine, three-dimensional technique has been widely applied in the medical field. It has advantages such as preoperative simulation, intraoperative positioning, intraoperative navigation, clinical teaching and so on. It plays a key role in the discovery of local anatomical variation of pulmonary segment. This paper reviewed the clinical application of three-dimensional technique and briefly described the clinical application value of this technique in segmentectomy.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 271-282, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881136

ABSTRACT

The chemotherapy combined with photothermal therapy has been a favorable approach for the treatment of breast cancer. In present study, nanoparticles with the characteristics of photothermal/matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) dual-responsive, tumor targeting, and size-variability were designed for enhancing the antitumor efficacy and achieving "on-demand" drug release markedly. Based on the thermal sensitivity of gelatin, we designed a size-variable gelatin nanoparticle (GNP) to encapsulate indocyanine green (ICG) and doxorubicin (DOX). Under an 808 nm laser irradiation, GNP-DOX/ICG responded photothermally and swelled in size from 71.58 ± 4.28 to 160.80 ± 9.51 nm, which was beneficial for particle retention in the tumor sites and release of the loaded therapeutics. Additionally, GNP-DOX/ICG showed a size reduction of the particles to 33.24 ± 4.11 nm and further improved drug release with the degradation of overexpressed MMP-2 in tumor. In the subsequently performed

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between coagulation indexes and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in Gansu Provincial Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled. Plasma thromboplastin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), platelet (PLT), and other laboratory indexes were detected. The relationship between coagulation indexes and clinical characteristics of MM patients was analyzed. The differences in survival rates among MM patients with different levels of coagulation indexes were compared, and the effect of each clinical index on the prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate.@*RESULTS@#Each coagulation index was correlated to sex, disease classification and stage, and β@*CONCLUSION@#Coagulation function is correlated with multiple clinical indicators of patients with MM and plays an important role in their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels to the prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to explore related factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical pathological data of 180 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were collected, and the patients were divided into high and low Hcy groups based on the median Hcy. The survival curves of the patients in the two groups were drawn to compare the differences of the survival; univariate and multivariate survival analysis was used to observe the influence of serum cysteine to the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients; the clinicopathological data of the patients with high and low Hcy in the two groups was compared, Pearson test was used to further analyzes the relationship between Hcy and different factors, and explores the related factors of Hcy affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The median survival times of patients in the high and low Hcy groups were 32 (5-59) and 41 (7-71) months, respectively. The 3-year survival rate of the patients in high Hcy group was significantly lower than those in low Hcy group, and the difference shows statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the OS of newly diagnosed MM patients whom with advanced age, high bone disease grade, high-level bone marrow plasma cell count, LDH, C-reactive protein, Cr, β@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Hcy level has a correlation trend with the survival of newly diagnosed MM, which is affected by factors such as Hb.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Homocysteine , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors, distribution of pathogenic strains and tolerance of pulmonary infection in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) during bortezomib chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with multiple myeloma treated by bortezomib in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 was analyzed. The patients were divided into infection group and control group according to whether they were infected. The tolerance, pathogen distribution, and related risk factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary infection rate was 55.29% in 85 MM patients. The proportions of the patients with anemia, neutropenia, and ECOG score ≥2 points in the infection group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In this study, 30 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, with gram-negative bacteria accounting for 60%, gram-positive bacteria for 33.33%, fungi for 3.3% and tuberculosis bacteria for 3.3%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus accounted showed the highest proportion. Most of MM patients with pulmonary infection showed a heterprognosis after two weeks antibiotic treatment, while 3 patients died. About 30 percent of early deaths were due to pulmonary infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Anemia, neutropenia, ECOG score ≥2 points are the major clinical characteristics of the multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary infections. Pulmonary infection is an important cause of early death in patients with multiple myeloma. Pathogenic bacteria are mainly composed of gram-negative bacteria. Beta-lacta/ beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations or Carbapenems are effective empiric treatment for controlling the progression of pulmonary infection.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1091-1095, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876762

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the change of anterior chamber angle(ACA)and vault value before and after implantable collamer lens(ICL)in two implant positions.<p>METHODS: Randomized controlled study. A total of 83 patients(154 eyes)underwent ICL(V4c, 12.6mm)surgery from 2018 to 2019 were enrolled and divided into two randomly, including into horizontal group(79 eyes)and into vertical group(75 eyes). Pentacam was used to measure the ACA at 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° points before and after implantation and the ACA changes were calculated.<p>RESULTS: After 12mo, the changes of ACA at 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° position were 15.3°±6.1°, 13.9°±6.3°, 16.5°±5.5° and 12.9°±6.0° in horizontal group while 12.9°±3.7°, 14.5°±6.8°, 14.3°±5.4° and 13.2°±5.9° in vertical group. There was a significant difference in ACA change at 0°-180° position between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05). The vault value was 486±183μm, 422±203μm, 393±198μm and 345±165μm in the horizontal group and 432±163μm, 418±138μm, 379±133μm and 328±142μm in the vertical group at 1, 3, 6 and 12mo respectively. The vault value of the horizontal group at 1mo was significantly different from that at 6mo and 12mo after implantation(<i>P</i>>0.05). The vault value of the vertical group at 1mo was significantly different from that at 6mo and 12mo after implantation(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: During one year after ICL implantation, the ACA changes significantly in horizontal setting than in vertical setting at 0° to 180° points and there is a dynamic decreasing change in vault value.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789031

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Preparatawere prepared according to the traditional method of "jiu zheng jiu shai" and investigated using multiple chromatographic methods. Six alkaloids were isolated and their structures were elucidated from spectral data and physicochemical properties, as follows: rehmanniae alkaloid A (4-{[(5-O-á-D-galactopyranosyloxy)methyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde-1-yl}butyric acidmethyl ester) (1), baimantuoluoamide B (2), capparisine C (3), harman-3-carboxylic acid (4), (2S)-1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (5), and 1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (6). Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid. Compounds 2-6 were newly isolated from Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch.The effect of compounds 1-6 on NRK-52e cell injury induced by LPS was investigated. The results show that compounds 1-3 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1261-1266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of body mass index (BMI), ABO blood group with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#70 MM patients (MM group) and 10 healthy people (control group) were selected in the same period, the BMI of patients was calculated according to the height and weight, and the differences of BMI in 2 groups was compared. The distribution of age, sex, albumin (Alb), serum creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) in the two groups were analyzed. Differences in red blood cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), disease stage and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, survival rate of MM patients with different BMI values and blood group were compared between two groups, and the differences in follow-up outcomes of MM patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#BMI level of MM patients was higher than that of control group (t=2.706, P<0.01), but the difference of blood group was not significant (P>0.05); The NLR value in obese patients was higher than that in non-obese patients, the staging was later and the Alb level was lower in obese patients than those in non-obese patients. the differences were statistically significant between obese patients and non-obese patients (P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that BMI, Alb and LDH level could influence the follow-up outcome of MM patients, the patients with elevated BMI and LDH level had worse prognosis, while patients with elevated Alb had better prognosis. which means that all the three factors are independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patrents.@*CONCLUSION@#Increased BMI in MM patients can affect the outcome of follow-up, which is an independent influencing factor.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Body Mass Index , Humans , Lymphocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of Shashen Maidongtang plus total glucosides of paeony capsule on primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) based on the theory of fluid metabolism. Method:In this study, 84 patients of Qi-Yin deficiency type pSS admitted in Zhengzhou Chinese Medicine Hospital from January 2018 to January 2019 were divided into observation group (42 cases) and control group (42 cases) on the basis of random number table. The control group was orally given total glucosides of paeony capsule and iguratimod tablet, while the observation group was orally given Shashen Maidongtang combined with glucosides of paeony capsule. After 3 months of continuous treatment to all subjects, the clinical efficacy was evaluated, and side effects were recorded. Before and after the treatment, the saliva flow rate and basal tear secretion Schirmer I test (SIt) value were measured, European League Against Rheumatism Sjogren's syndrome patient reported index and Sjogren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSPRI and ESSDAI) were scored, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was determined by Westergren, and the levels of serum rheumatoid factor (RF) and immunoglobulin (Ig) G were tested by immunoturbidimetry and rate scattering turbidimetry, respectively. Result:The overall effective rate of the observation group was 90.48% (38/42), which was much higher than 69.05% (29/42) of the control group (χ2=5.974,P<0.05). After treatment, the saliva flow rates and SIt values of both groups got significantly increased compared with those before the treatment (P<0.05), but the saliva flow and SIt of the observation group were significantly better than those of the control group over the same period after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, both groups had a great decrease in ESSPRI and ESSDAI scores compared with those before the treatment (P<0.05), and the above scores of the observation group were dramatically lower than those of the control group over the same period (P<0.05). After treatment, ESR, serum RF, and IgG levels of both groups were significantly lower than those before the treatment (P<0.05), and the observation group showed higher levels of ESR, serum RF and IgG than the control group over the same period after treatment (P<0.05). Side effects were few and mild in both groups. Conclusion:In treating patients of Qi-Yin deficiency type pSS, Shashen Maidongtang plus total glucosides of paeony capsule was proven to be effective generally. It could significantly inhibit excessive inflammation and hyperhumoral immunity in patients, and control their disease activity. This may be related to the effect of Shashen Maidong decoction and its decomposed recipes in correcting body fluid infusion and metabolic disorder in patients of Qi-Yin deficiency type pSS.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of a Passy-Muir speaking valve (PMV) on the biomechanics of swallowing and on aspiration among persons tracheotomized after brain damage.Methods:Twenty tracheotomized patients with aspiration after brain injury were selected and randomly divided into a non-PMV intervention group and a PMV intervention group, each of 10. Both groups were given routine swallowing training, while the PMV intervention group was additionally provided with a PMV and trained to use it. The treatment ended when the tracheal tube was removed or after 2 weeks. High-resolution manometry and videofluoroscopy were used to evaluate the maximum pressure in the velopharynx (VP-Max), the maximum post-deglutitive upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure (UES-Max) and Rosenbek penetration aspiration (PAS) scores for both groups before and after the treatment.Results:Before the treatment there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of average VP-Max, UES-Max or PAS score. After the treatment, the average VP-Max and UES-Max had increased significantly in both groups, and the average PAS score of the PMV intervention group had decreased significantly. There was a significant positive correlation between the increases in VP-Max and the decrease in PAS scores.Conclusion:Inserting a PMV can improve velopharynx contraction and post-deglutitive UES among persons tracheotomized after a brain injury. The increase in maximum velopharynx pressure is positively correlated with decreases in aspiration.

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