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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 813-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972408

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the effectiveness and complications of treating rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD)with foldable capsule body(FCB)and scleral buckling(SB).METHODS: The clinical data of 81 patients(82 eyes)with RRD who underwent surgery at our hospital from March 2019 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The differences in retinal reattachment rate, best-corrected visual acuity, the absorption of subretinal fluid, postoperative discomfort and incidence of complications between the two treatments were compared.RESULTS: The retinal reattachment rate was 96% in the FCB group and 92% in the SB group, with no significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05). The best corrected visual acuity of the affected macular eyes was different in the both groups(P<0.01). Both groups effectively promoted the absorption of subretinal fluid. The operation time of FCB group was 16.50(12.75, 25.00)min, while it was 38.00(36.25, 41.75)min in the SB group(P<0.001). Patients in the FCB group also had significantly lower eyelid swelling and pain symptoms than those in the SB group(P<0.001). The visual analogue scale(VAS)score at 1d after operation was 1.00(0.00, 2.00)in the FCB group and 3.00(2.00, 3.00)in the SB group(P<0.001).CONCLUSION: FCB is a safe and effective surgical method to treat RRD that can alleviate patient's pain. Furthermore, FCB has a significantly shorter operation time and milder postoperative adverse reactions than SB.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 159-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995081

ABSTRACT

This article reported the comprehensive management of an extremely preterm infant with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The patient born at 26 +6 gestational weeks was transferred to Children's Hospital of Fudan University due to invasive mechanical ventilation dependence at 61 d after birth and was diagnosed with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A comprehensive treatment plan was adopted, including appropriate fluid restriction, improving nutrition, glucocorticoid administration, using antibiotics against Ureaplasma urealyticum infection to reduce pulmonary parenchymal lesions and alleviating pulmonary hypertension. The preterm infant was successfully extubated to non-invasive ventilation and subsequently weaned to a high-flow nasal cannula. Then, the patient was discharged at 372 d after birth (correct gestational age nine months and six days). At the 3-month follow-up after discharge, the patient remained on high-flow oxygen, but with lower flow and concentration of oxygen. Moreover, the growth, development and lung images were significantly improved. Follow-up to correct gestational age one year and 11 months, the child was not on oxygen any more, but on rehabilitation due to language and motor development retardation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1031-1040, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance and importance of the interaction between surgeons and engineers during the preoperative planning phase of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) when utilizing patient-specific instrumentation (PSI).Methods:A retrospective review was conducted on 202 knees of PSI-assisted TKA performed on 178 patients between June 2018 and August 2022. The patients' mean age was 68.4±6.2 years, ranging from 53 to 86 years. Among the participants, there were 149 females and 29 males, 93 left knees and 109 right knees. The study involved 171 patients of osteoarthritis (193 knees) and 7 patients of rheumatoid arthritis (9 knees), with 194 knees presenting varus knees and 8 knees with valgus knees. The preoperative plan documents, from the initial engineer-designed plan to the final plan approved by the surgeon, were analyzed to assess the frequency, parameters, and reasons for adjustments made during the planning process.Results:The planning of the 202 PSI-assisted TKA was subjected to at least one round of surgeon-engineer interaction. Among the 202 TKA planning, 117 knees (57.9%) underwent modifications after discussion, with most plans (100 knees, 49.5%) being confirmed after one round of modification. Two rounds of modifications were performed on 10 knees (5.0%), and three rounds on 5 knees (2.5%). A maximum of four rounds of modifications were made on two knees (0.9%). Furthermore, in the case of the remaining 85 knees (42.1%), the surgeons promptly consented to the engineers' initial planning following the discussions. Specific adjustments were made in 106 knees (52.5%) regarding femoral parameters, 57 knees (28.2%) concerning tibial parameters, and 46 knees (22.8%) requiring adjustments to both femoral and tibial parameters. Notably, the most frequently adjusted parameter was the osteotomy thickness of the posterior femoral condyles, which was modified in 94 knees (80.3%). The reasons for adjusting femoral or tibial parameters were summarized, revealing the main factors as follows: 1) Discrepancy between the mediolateral and anteroposterior diameters of the femoral condyle; 2) Twisted deformity of the proximal tibia; 3) Severe flexion contracture deformity of the knee; 4) Collapse of the medial or lateral tibial plateau; 5) Evident anterior arch deformity of the femur.Conclusion:The interaction between surgeons and engineers plays a pivotal role in the preoperative phase of PSI-assisted TKA. Effective collaboration allows surgeons to accurately analyze the unique anatomical characteristics and pathological changes of each patient in a three-dimensional perspective, facilitating the formulation of individualized surgical plans.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 273-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of early postoperative portal vein thrombosis (PVT) after salvage devascularization for failed endoscopic therapy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 525 cirrhotic patients who underwent pericardial devascularization for portal hypertension and esophagogastric variceal bleeding at the Department of General Surgery, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to January 2022. There were 435 males and 90 females, aged 47(37, 58) years old. These patients were divided into two groups based on whether PVT occurred after devascularization: the PVT group ( n=225) and the non-PVT group ( n=300). Clinical data including gender, age, portal vein diameter and postoperative platelet elevation level (PPEL) were studied and the related factors of PVT were analyzed by univariate analysis. Factors with statistically significant differences were included in logistic regression analysis. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the significant risk factors of PVT were the scores of the model of end-stage liver disease, platelets, portal vein diameter, endoscopic therapy, operation duration, surgical bleeding volume, intraoperative blood transfusion and PPEL on the first and third postoperative days (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that portal vein diameter ≥13 mm ( OR=6.000, 95% CI: 3.418-10.533), endoscopic injection ( OR=1.894, 95% CI: 1.196-2.998), operation duration ≥ 180 min ( OR=8.520, 95% CI: 5.333-13.554), PPEL ≥ 20×10 9/L on the first postoperative day ( OR=2.125, 95% CI: 1.306-3.456) and PPEL≥50×10 9/L on the third postoperative day ( OR=1.925, 95% CI: 1.192-3.109) increased the risk of PVT (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The diameter of portal vein, endoscopic treatment, operation duration and PPEL on the first and third days after operation were independent risk factors of early postoperative PVT development.

5.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 595-602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the long-term clinical effect of transvaginal mesh (TVM) and pelvic floor reconstruction with native tissue repair (NTR) in the treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP).Methods:Totally 207 patients with advanced POP who were treated in Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from Jan. 2016 to Sep. 2019 were enrolled. The patient′s pelvic organ prolapse quantification were all at degree Ⅲ or above, and they all complained for different degree of symptoms. They were divided into two groups according to the different surgical methods, TVM group and NTR group. In TVM group, the mesh was implanted through the vagina for pelvic floor reconstruction, while in NTR group, the traditional transvaginal hysterectomy combined with uterosacral ligament suspension and anterior and posterior wall repair, as well as perineal body repair were performed. The median follow-up time was 60 months, during the follow up time, 164 cases (79.2%, 164/207) had completed follow-up, including 76 cases in TVM group and 88 cases in NTR group. The perioperative data and complication rates of the two groups were compared, and the subjective and objective outcomes of the two groups at 1, 3 and 5 years were observed, respectively. The objective efficacy was evaluated by three composite criteria, namely: (1) the distance from the farthest end of the prolapse of the anterior and posterior wall of the vagina to the hymen is ≤0 cm, and the descending distance of the top is ≤1/2 of the total length of the vagina; (2) determine the disappearance of relevant POP symptoms according to “Do you often see or feel vaginal mass prolapse?”; (3) no further operation or pessary treatment was performed due to prolapse. If the above three criteria were met at the same time, the operation is successful; otherwise, it was recurrence. The subjective efficacy was evaluated by the pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire-short form 7 (PFIQ-7).Results:The median follow-up time of the two groups was 60 months (range: 41-82 months). Five years after the operation, the subjective and objective cure rates of TVM group were 89.5% (68/76) and 94.7% (72/76), respectively. The subjective and objective cure rates in NTR group were 80.7% (71/88) and 85.2% (75/88), respectively. There were significant differences in the subjective and objective cure rates between the two groups ( χ2=9.869, P=0.002; χ2=3.969, P=0.046). The recurrence rate of TVM group was 5.3% (4/76), and that of NTR group was 14.8% (13/88). There was a significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.046). The postoperative PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 scores of the two groups were significantly lower than those before surgery, and there were significant differences of the two groups before and after surgery (all P<0.05). Postoperative mesh exposure in TVM group was 1.3% (1/76). Conclusions:The long-term outcomes between the two groups show that the subjective and objective outcomes of pelvic floor reconstruction in TVM group are significantly higher than those in NTR group, and the recurrence rate is significantly lower than that in NTR group. TVM has certain advantages in the treatment of advanced POP.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 691-694,699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of intravenous anesthesia on the detection rate of lesions in diagnostic gastroscopy.Methods:A total of 9 071 subjects who underwent diagnostic gastroscopy at the Digestive Endoscopy Center of Yangzhou University Affiliated Hospital from March 2021 to February 2022 were selected. Data were collected from the gastroscopy quality control system, including age, gender, examination physician, Helicobacter pylori infection, examination method, withdrawal time, number of images left, number of biopsies, biopsy site, gastroscopy diagnosis, pathological diagnosis, etc. They were divided into anesthesia group and general group based on the examination method, and propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the two groups of subjects. Excluding confounding factors, the detection of lesion location and lesion type in two groups of subjects was analyzed; Simultaneously, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract.Results:After PSM, 1 655 subjects were included in both groups. In terms of lesion location, the detection rate of gastric body lesions in the anesthesia group was higher than that in the general group ( P<0.05), and the detection rate of esophageal lesions in the anesthesia group was lower than that in the general group ( P<0.05); In terms of lesion types, the detection rate of precancerous lesions such as gastric polyps, mucosal protrusions, mucosal atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia in the anesthesia group was higher than that in the general group (all P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that intravenous anesthesia was an independent influencing factor for the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in diagnostic gastroscopy ( OR=1.338, 95% CI: 1.070-1.674, P<0.05). Conclusions:Intravenous anesthesia is an independent influencing factor for the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in diagnostic gastroscopy, and can improve the detection rate of upper gastrointestinal lesions.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 49-55,C3,C4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989404

ABSTRACT

Objective:Three-dimensional simulation modeling technology was used to conduct three-dimensional reconstruction, classification and measurement for the anatomic structures of colorectal canal, tumor and key blood vessels in patients with rectal cancer before operation. And the accuracy of the data and information obtained for the prediction of anastomotic tension, important types of vascular variant, positioning of anatomical landmarks, etc. in laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of rectal cancer, and the guiding effect of operation was evaluated.Methods:The clinical data of 50 patients with laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of rectal cancer treated in the General Surgery Department, Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University from January 2019 to February 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, including 31 males and 19 females, aged from 42 to 83 years old, with an average age of (62.72 ±15.21) years. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether the patients underwent three-dimensional simulation reconstruction before operation. The patients who underwent abdomen pelvic enhancement CT and further three-dimensional reconstruction before surgery were taken as reconstruction group ( n=24), and the patients who were only routinely performed abdomen pelvic enhancement CT before operation were taken as control group ( n=26). For the patients in the reconstruction group, the CT images were modeled by Mimics software before operation, and the key data such as the length of colorectal and tumor, the correlation length of rigid structure of pelvic wall, the length of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) from the bifurcation point of left and right arteria iliaca communis, the type and proportion of IMA variation, the length of left colonic artery (LCA) from the beginning of IMA and the distance between LCA and IMV were measured, and the consistency correlation coefficient (CCC) was analyzed with the actual data obtained during operation. And then the accuracy of three-dimensional simulation modeling technology for surgical guidance was evaluated. MedCalc 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results:In the reconstruction group, regarding the data of each dimension of the model (intestinal tract, pelvic cavity, blood vessels) and the corresponding structural measurements during the operation, the consistent correlation coefficient (CCC) evaluation was more than 0.9. One case was predicted to have free splenic flexure of colon and one case actually had free splenic flexure of colon. The prediction accuracy was 100%. The IMA variants in the reconstruction group were divided into 4 types, all of which were verified by operation. Compared with the control group, the operation time ( P=0.011) and the location time (IMA, P=0.043; LCA, P=0.007; IMV, P=0.034) of each vessel in the reconstruction group were shorter, and the amount of intraoperative blood loss was less ( P=0.017). Conclusion:The application of three-dimensional simulation modeling technology before operation is helpful for the operator to accurately predict the intraoperative anastomotic tension, the type of IMA variation and the related diameter length, based on which the accurate operation plan can be made to guide the operation.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1718-1722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987897

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the influencing factors of vault after the posterior chamber phakic refractive lens(PC-PRL)implantation for patients with super high myopia.METHODS: Retrospective case study. A total of 40 patients with super high myopia(77 eyes)who underwent PC-PRL implantation in the Haixiang Eye Hospital from January 2019 to January 2021 were selected. They were followed up for at least 2a, postoperative anterior segment parameters, such as the uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central anterior chamber depth(ACD), anterior chamber volume(ACV), anterior chamber angle(ACA), lens thickness and vault were evaluated, and then the influencing factors of postoperative vault were analyzed.RESULTS: The UCVA and BCVA of the patients significantly improved after PC-PRL implantation(P&#x003C;0.001). Average safety index(postoperative BCVA/preoperative BCVA)was 1.36±0.32, and average effective index(postoperative UCVA/preoperative BCVA)was 1.23±0.31 in 2a after surgery. The vault in 2a after surgery was correlated with preoperative ACD, ACV, ACA and lens thickness, and the preoperative ACV and lens thickness had significant impact on vault in 2a after surgery.CONCLUSIONS: The PC-PRL implantation is safe and effective in super high myopia, and it can significantly improve visual acuity. Furthermore, preoperative ACV and lens thickness are important influencing factors of postoperative vault.

10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981293

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the digestive system tumors with a high degree of malignancy,and most of the patients are diagnosed in advanced stages.Because of limited available therapies,the mortality of this disease remains high.Tumor-associated macrophages(TAM),the main immune cells in the tumor microenvironment,are involved in the regulation of the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer.Specifically,TAM are involved in the proliferation,invasion,immune escape,and chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells,demonstrating potential in the targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.In this paper,we summarize the TAM-based therapies including consuming TAM,reprogramming TAM,dynamic imaging of TAM with nanoprobes,and regulating the phagocytic ability of TAM for pancreatic cancer,aiming to provide a theoretical basis for developing new therapies for pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor-Associated Macrophages , Macrophages , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1586-1591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence rate of pulmonary infection after laparoscopic surgery and related risk factors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comorbid with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 105 HCC patients with liver cirrhosis and PHT who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 2017 to February 2022. A total of 30 factors that might cause pulmonary infection were recorded, including general information, disease factors, surgical factors, and postoperative factors. Postoperative recovery was observed and the occurrence of pulmonary infection was recorded. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for pulmonary infection. Results Among the 105 patients, 66 underwent laparoscopic devascularization combined with hepatectomy and 39 underwent laparoscopic devascularization combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The surgery was successful for all patients, with no case of conversion to laparotomy or unscheduled reoperation. No death was observed within 30 days after surgery and during hospitalization, with a median length of hospital stay of 20 days (range 14-25 days). The incidence rate of pulmonary infection was 25.71% (27/105). Smoking (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.362, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.282-8.817, P =0.014), MELD score ( OR =3.801, 95% CI : 1.007-14.351, P =0.049), tumor location ( OR =1.937, 95% CI : 1.169-3.211, P =0.010), surgical procedure ( OR =0.006, 95% CI : 0.001-0.064, P =0.000), intraoperative infusion volume ( OR =4.871, 95% CI : 1.211-19.597, P =0.026), and postoperative pleural effusion ( OR =9.790, 95% CI : 1.826-52.480, P =0.008) were independent risk factors for pulmonary infection. Conclusion There is a relatively high risk of pulmonary infection in HCC patients with liver cirrhosis and PHT undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Postoperative pleural effusion is the high risk factor for pulmonary infection, and devascularization combined with RFA can significantly reduce the risk of pulmonary infection. It is recommended to strengthen preoperative rehabilitation, perioperative liver function maintenance, intraoperative damage control, and goal-oriented fluid therapy and reduce postoperative fluid accumulation in the third space, so as to reduce the incidence rate of pulmonary infection.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1041-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978751

ABSTRACT

Mannitol-calcium chloride metal organic framework (MOF) cocrystal significantly improved the tabletability of β-mannitol and could be developed as a new tablet filler. However, mannitol monomer was found in the product during the scale-up production of the excipient, which significantly affected the functional properties of the excipient. In this study, we intend to quantify the multi-component eutectic system of mannitol-calcium chloride. In this experiment, the MOF cocrystal excipient mannitol-calcium chloride cocrystal was used as the model compound, and infrared spectrum was collected. Based on partial least squares regression (PLSR) method, the abnormal bands were removed and the spectrum was preprocessed by normalization. The quantitative correction model of mannitol-calcium chloride MOF cocrystal content in cocrystal excipients was established and compared by two different variable screening methods, genetic algorithm (GA) and competitive adaptive reweighting algorithm (CARS). Two different variable screening methods, GA method and CARS method, were used to screen out 160 and 14 variables, respectively. The mannitol-calcium chloride cocrystal model established by CARS-PLSR method had the best performance, and the average relative error (MRE) and corrected root mean square error (RMSEC) of the model were 0.008 8 and 0.892 5, respectively, the determination coefficient (R2) of the model was increased from 0.978 3 to 0.994 4. The quantitative method of eutectic system established in this study has high prediction accuracy, fast detection speed and good stability, which is of great significance for optimizing the preparation process conditions and quality control methods of such eutectic excipients.

13.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 326-334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965849

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of reduced field-of-view DWI (r-FOV DWI) in quantitative assessment of axial spondyloarthritis. MethodsA total of 112 patients with chronic back pain or suspected axial spondyloarthritis receiving full field-of-view DWI (f-FOV DWI) and reduced field-of-view DWI (r-FOV DWI) from December 2019 to December 2021 were enrolled. Next, subjective image quality assessment (anatomical detail, artifacts, distortion, overall image quality) and objective image quality assessment including (signal to noise ratio and contrast to noise ratio) were conducted by two experienced radiologists. In addition, the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of three groups (active group, inactive group, and control group) on the two DWI sequences were measured by the two radiologists, respectively. Finally, the consistency of measurement between the two researchers was evaluated and the differences in ADC values was compared. Results102 patients were included and were divided into three groups, including the active group (n=32), inactive group (n=29), and control group (n=41) according to ASAS diagnostic criteria. All subjective and objective image quality metrics were rated in favor of r-FOV DWI images compared with f-FOV DWI images [overall image quality: DWI 4(3~4) vs. 3(3~3) and SNR: 6.58(5.05~10.38) vs. 4.46(2.37~10.04), CNR: 2.04(-1.14~8.29) vs. 0.97(-8.19~7.12);P<0.05]. Inter-rater consistency of the two researchers were 0.60~0.74. According to the AUC curve, group inactive vs. control showed r-FOV DWI was better than f-FOV DWI. In other groups (lesion vs. control, active vs. inactive), there were no differences between both sequences(P<0.05). ConclusionThe subjective image quality score and signal to noise ratio of r-FOV DWI were higher than those of f-FOV DWI, which could be used for quantitative assessment of axial spondyloarthritis.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 789-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965617

ABSTRACT

The last essential enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of trilobatin, phloretin-4'-O glycosyltransferase (P4'-OGT), catalyzes the conversion of trilobatin to phloretin in vitro. However, only a few P4'-OGTs have been found in plants. This study used Malus domestica phloretin-4'-O glycosyltransferase (MdPh-4'-OGT) as a query to identify and clone two UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) genes, designated UGT74L2 and UGT74L3, from the transcriptome of Andrographis paniculata. According to a phylogenetic tree analysis, UGT74L2 and UGT74L3 belonged to the UGT74 family, which has been linked to several activities in other species. The in vitro enzymatic reaction demonstrated that UGT74L2 could particularly catalyze the formation of trilobatin from phloretin, but UGT74L3 had no effects. By using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography to extract the soluble UGT74L2 recombinant protein, the enzymatic kinetics of the activity was investigated using phloretin as the substrate. The results showed that the optimal temperature and pH for UGT74L2 enzymatic reaction were 40 ℃ and 8.0 (Tris-HCl system), respectively. Three metal ions (Ca2+, Mn2+ and Co2+) showed inhibitory effect on the activity of UGT74L2, while Mg2+ could improve the activity of UGT74L2. Other tested metal ions have no significant effect on UGT74L2. The results of enzymatic kinetic parameters that the Km value was 29.84 μmol·L-1, the kcat was 0.02 s-1, and the kcat·Km-1 was 572.6 mol-1·s-1. By homology modeling, molecular docking and mutation experiments, we found that multiple amino acids residues around the substrate binding pocket play quite an important role during catalytic process, In summary, we identified a novel P4'-OGT gene from medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata and provided a new efficient catalyst to synthesize trilobatin. Meanwhile, this study provides a reference for mining new efficient glycosylation modules from plants.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 180-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964310

ABSTRACT

Fourteen flavonoids were isolated and purified from Epimedium sagittatum by various chromatography techniques such as macroporous adsorbent resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, HW-40C and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 3′-hydroxy-baohuoside-Ⅱ (1), huazhongilexone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (3), baohuoside-Ⅱ (4), icariside-Ⅱ (5), kaempferol 3,7-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (6), (+)-aromadendrin (7), kaempferol 3-O-(2-O-β-D-apiofuranosyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (8), sagittatoside A (9), 2″-O-rhamnosyl icariside-II (10), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucoside (11), quercetin 3-O-β-D-apiofuranoyl-(1→2)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (12), kaempferol (13), icariin (14). Among them, compound 1 is a new compound, while compounds 2, 6-8, 11, and 12 were isolated from E.sagittatum for the first time.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 445-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Invent a simulator which provides a simulation of heart rate and respiratory rate to the intelligent sleep monitoring devices based on precision pressure sensors.@*METHODS@#The simulator was composed of control part and simulated silicone doll. The simulated silicone doll contains heartbeat simulator and breathing simulation airbag. Heartbeat and breathing combination pressure signal can be produced according to frequency set values. Frequencies of pressure signal of the simulator were compared with the monitoring results of intelligent sleep monitoring devices with known accuracy to verify the frequency accuracy of pressure signal of the simulator. Verified the repeatability and stability of the simulator with a stopwatch.@*RESULTS@#The heart rate of the simulator was with in ±2 beats per minute of the monitoring results of intelligent sleep monitoring devices and the respiratory rate of the simulator was with in ±2 times per minute of the monitoring results. The repeatability and stability of the simulator was better than ±5% according to results with a stopwatch.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It's practicable to use the simulator which provides a simulation of heart rate and respiratory rate to the accuracy test of the intelligent sleep monitoring devices based on precision pressure sensor.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 810-815, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of cardiovascular damage in hypereosinophilia (HE).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 62 patients with HE in Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical characteristics and laboratory indicators, and the influencing factors of survival and prognosis were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In this study, there were 34 males and 28 females, with a median age of 53.5 (20-79) years, 35 patients without cardiovascular damage, 27 patients with cardiovascular damage, including 22 patients with abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) (81.5%), 18 patients with abnormal echocardiography (ECHO) (66.7%), 9 patients with single ECG abnormality, 5 patients with single ECHO abnormality, and other 13 patients with multiple abnormalities. In cardiovascular damage group, peripheral white blood cell count, absolute value of eosinophils, troponin T (TNT), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 levels at initial diagnosis were significantly higher than those in the non-cardiovascular damage group (P <0.01), while hemoglobin, IL-2 and interferon-γ levels were significantly lower (P <0.01). There were no significant differences in age, sex, course of disease, etiological classification, platelet count, serum creatine kinase, serum creatine kinase isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase between the two groups (P >0.05). The 5-year overal survival rate of patients with cardiovascular damage was 88.9%, and that of patients without cardiovascular damage was 100%, the difference was statistically significant (P =0.012). The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of patients with cardiovascular damage was 59.3%, and the median time was 37 (21-52) months, while that of patients without cardiovascular damage was 80%, and the median time was 63 (51-74) months (P =0.002). Age (>60 years old), course of disease (>24 months), NT-proBNP (>3 000 pg/ml), TNT (>100 ng/L), elevated IL-4 and IL-5 were associated with EFS shortening in patients with cardiovascular damage, which were independent risk factors for EFS.@*CONCLUSION@#The EFS rate in HE patients without cardiovascular damage is significantly higher than patients with cardiovascular damage. Age, course of disease, NT-proBNP, TNT, IL-4 and IL-5 are independent risk factors affecting EFS of patients with cardiovascular damage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Interleukin-4 , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Interleukin-5 , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Eosinophilia , Peptide Fragments , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 774-778, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982026

ABSTRACT

An 18-day-old male infant was admitted to the hospital due to recurrent hyperkalemia for more than 10 days. The neonate had milk refusal and dyspnea. The blood gas analysis revealed recurrent hyperkalemia, hyponatremia and metabolic acidosis. Adrenocortical hormone replacement therapy was ineffective. Additional tests showed a significant increase in aldosterone levels. Family whole exome sequencing revealed that the infant had compound heterozygous in the SCNNIA gene, inherited from both parents. The infant was diagnosed with neonatal systemic pseudohypoaldosteronism type I. The infant's electrolyte levels were stabilized through treatment with sodium polystyrene sulfonate and sodium supplement. The infant was discharged upon clinical recovery. This study provides a focused description of differential diagnosis of salt-losing syndrome in infants and introduces the multidisciplinary management of neonatal systemic pseudohypoaldosteronism type I.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Male , Pseudohypoaldosteronism/genetics , Hyperkalemia/etiology , Hyponatremia/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982009

ABSTRACT

The female infant in this case study was admitted to the hospital 4 hours after birth due to preterm birth and respiratory distress. On the third day after birth, peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) catheterization was performed. On day 42, thrombus was found at the entrance of the right atrium from the inferior vena cava during a cardiac ultrasound, and it was considered to be related to PICC placement. Low-molecular-weight heparin and urokinase were given. After two weeks of treatment, ultrasonic monitoring showed thrombus shrinkage. No bleeding or pulmonary embolism occurred during the treatment. The patient discharged after improvement. This article mainly introduces a multidisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and treatment of PICC-related thrombosis in neonates.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Female , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Echocardiography , Catheterization, Peripheral
20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 296-304, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To provide a guideline for genealogy inference and family lineage investigation through a study of the mismatch tolerance distribution of Y-STR loci in Chinese Han male lineage.@*METHODS@#Three Han lineages with clear genetic relationships were selected. YFiler Platinum PCR amplification Kit was used to obtain the typing data of 35 Y-STR loci in male samples. The variation of Y-STR haplotypes in generation inheritance and the mismatch tolerance at 1-7 kinship levels were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Mutations in Y-STR were family-specific with different mutation loci and numbers of mutation in different lineages. Among all the mutations, 66.03% were observed on rapidly and fast mutating loci. At 1-7 kinship levels, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 5 on all 35 Y-STR loci, with a maximum step size of 6. On medium and slow mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 2, with a maximum step size of 3; on rapidly and fast mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 3, with a maximum step size of 6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined use of SNP genealogy inference and Y-STR lineage investigation, both 0 and multiple mismatch tolerance need to be considered. Family lineage with 0-3 mismatch tolerance on all 35 Y-STR loci and 0-1 mismatch tolerance on medium and slow loci can be prioritized for screening. When the number of mismatch tolerance is eligible, family lineages with long steps should be carefully excluded. Meanwhile, adding fast mutant loci should also be handled with caution.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Haplotypes , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Microsatellite Repeats , Mutation , Asian People/genetics , China , Genetics, Population
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