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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 39-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953743

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To assess the safety and clinical outcomes of segmentectomy in one- or two-staged video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for bilateral lung cancer. Methods    We retrospectively enrolled 100 patients who underwent VATS segmentectomy for bilateral lung cancer at the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2013 to May 2022. We divided the patients into two groups: a one-stage group (52 patients), including 17 males and 35 females with a mean age of 55.17±11.09 years, and a two-stage group (48 patients), including 16 males and 32 females with a mean age of 59.88±11.48 years. We analyzed multiple intraoperative variables and postoperative outcomes. Results     All 100 patients successfully completed bilateral VATS, and at least unilateral lung received anatomical segmentectomy. Patients in the one-stage group were younger (P=0.040), had lower rate of comorbidities (P=0.030), were less likely to have a family history of lung cancer (P=0.018), and had a shorter interval between diagnosis and surgery (P=0.000) compared with patients in the two-stage group. Wedge resection on the opposite side was more common in the one-stage group (P=0.000), while lobectomy was more common in the two-stage   group. The time to emerge from anesthesia in the one-stage group was longer than that in the first and second operations of the two-stage group (P=0.000, P=0.002). Duration of surgery and anesthesia were similar between two groups (P>0.05). Total number of lymph node stations for sampling and dissection (P=0.041) and lymph nodes involved (P=0.026) were less in the one-stage group. Intraoperative airway management was similar between two groups (P>0.05). The one-stage group was associated with lower activities of daily living (ADL) scores. Conclusion     Segmentectomy is safe in one- or two-staged VATS for bilateral lung cancer, including contralateral sublobectomy and lobectomy. Duration of surgery and perioperative complications are similar between two groups, but the one-stage group is associated with lower ADL scores. On the basis of comprehensive consideration in psychological factors, physical conditions and personal wishes of patients, one-staged sequential bilateral VATS can be the first choice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 812-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996622

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the research hotspots and progress of surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis. Methods    The top 100 most cited articles on surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis were identified by searching the Web of Science database, and a bibliometric analysis was conducted. Results    The publication year of the top 100 most cited articles ranged from 1939 to 2021, and the number of citations ranged from 55 to 850 per article. Most of the included articles were original research articles (75/100), which were mainly retrospective studies (64/75). The United States was the country with the most published articles and most citations, and Annals of Thoracic Surgery was the most sourced journal (n=20). Through VOSviewer analysis, high-density keywords were thymectomy, maximal thymectomy, extended thymectomy, transcervical thymectomy, thymoma, and autoantibodies. Conclusion    The scope of surgical resection, surgical approach and pathogenesis are the current hotspots in the field of surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis. It is hoped that this paper can provide references for future researches in this field.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 276-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of C-arm CT laser-guided puncture combined with digital subtraction angiography (DSA)for percutaneous renal pelvic catheter drainage in the treatment of hydronephrosis caused by pelvic malignancy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 56 patients with ureteral obstruction caused by pelvic malignancy admitted to the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2020 to August 2021, including 10 males and 46 females. The mean age of the patients was (54.0±10.1)years old. The causes were colorectal cancer (7 cases), bladder cancer (3 cases), cervical cancer (36 cases), endometrial cancer (3 cases), ovarian cancer (2 cases), pelvic metastasis of gastric cancer (4 cases) and pelvic sarcoma (1 case). There were 71 sides of renal pelvis dilation in 56 patients, with the degree of dilation ranging from 1.2cm to 5.0cm.The degree of hydronephrosis was mild on 36 sides, moderate on 27 sides, and severe on 8 sides. Preoperative blood urea nitrogen(9.90±6.22)mmol/L and creatinine (155.80±146.83)μmol/L.During the puncture and catheter drainage, the patient was placed in the prone position, the C-arm CT scan was used to plan the puncture path, and the laser positioning of the DSA flat panel detector was used to determine the skin puncture point. With local anesthesia, the puncture direction of the puncture needle was adjusted to make the skin puncture point, the tail of the puncture needle, and the laser fixation point present a state of "three-points in one-line" when the patient stopped breathing temporarily at the end of expiratory breath in a non-fluoroscopic state, so as to achieve the preset puncture angle. Subsequently, pyelocentesis was completed according to the planned puncture depth. After successful pyelocentesis, percutaneous external renal drainage tube insertion or ureteral stents were performed under DSA. The number of renal pelvis puncture, puncture time, radiation dose, deviation of external renal drainage tube insertion angle from puncture angle, as well as postoperative hemoglobin changes, renal function recovery and complications were recorded.Results:In this group, 56 cases of 71 sides of renal pelvis puncture and catheter drainage were successfully completed, and the success rate of the operation was 100.0% (71/71). The success rate of the first needle puncture was 97.2% (69/71). Those who failed the first needle puncture succeeded in the second puncture during the operation. The puncture time of renal pelvis was (1.9±1.8) min.The intraoperative radiation dose was (2.7±1.5) mSV. The external drainage tube of the renal pelvis was placed on 53 sides, and the external drainage tube was placed on 29 sides with the same angle as the preset angle, and 24 sides with a deviation within 3°.On the first day after operation, there was no significant difference in hemoglobin compared with that before operation, urea nitrogen (5.31±1.99) mmol/L and creatinine (62.25±16.72) μmol/L were re-examined after operation, and the differences were statistically significant compared with those before operation ( P=0.008, P=0.002). No serious surgery-related complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion:C-arm CT laser-guided puncture combined with DSA percutaneous renal pelvic catheter drainage could be safe and effective in the treatment of ureteral obstruction caused by pelvic malignancy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 423-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation guided by CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) in the treatment of multiple nodular liver metastases of colorectal cancer.Methods:Clinical data of 32 patients with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer who underwent femoral arterial catheterization and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation guided by CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 11 females, aged (53.2±9.9) years old. Before ablation, the angiography catheter were placed in the common or proper hepatic artery under the digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The patients were then transferred to a CT operating room. Under general anesthesia, contrast agent was injected into the indwelling angiography catheter and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation guided by CTHA was performed. The presentation of lesions, the dosage of contrast agent and complications during ablation were analyzed, and the treatment outcome was followed up outpatient or inpatient review.Results:All 32 patients uneventfully underwent DSA-guided angiography catheter placement, and CTHA-guided radiofrequency ablation was successfully performed in 97 lesions, with a technical success rate of 100% (97/97). The difference between CT values at the lesion enhancement site and peri-tumor hepatic parenchyma were greater than 25 HU. The total amount of contrast agent used during the procedure was 63.9±14.7 ml. All ablation-related complications were graded as A or B according to the Society of Interventional Radiology classification system. The complete ablation rate assessed by CTHA after the ablation was 100% (97/97). The rate of lesion necrosis was 100% evaluated by MRI one month after ablation. All patients were followed up and no recurrence was observed in 97 ablated lesions by the end of follow-up period.Conclusion:Radiofrequency ablation guided by CTHA is safe and feasible for the treatment of multiple nodular liver metastases of colorectal cancer, which could reduce the local recurrence of lesions after ablation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 588-594, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in the radiation sensitivity of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) derived from fetal liver and bone marrow.Methods:HSPCs from fetal liver of 14.5 d embryo or bone marrow of 8 week-old mice were isolated to receive a single dose of 5 or 10 Gy irradiation in vitro using a 60Co irradiator. Twelve hours later, the cell apoptosis, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, colony formation ability and DNA damage in HSPCs were detected. Freshly isolated HSPCs were injected into lethally irradiated CD45.1 + C57BL/6J mice (4.5 Gy+ 5 Gy with an interval of 30 min) Chimerism rate, lineage constitution, and cell cycle were analyzed 12 weeks after transplantation. Results:Compared with bone marrow HSPCs after irradiation, the percentage of apoptosis in fetal liver HSPCs was significantly higher ( t=16.21, 12.27, P<0.05), the level of ROS was dramatically elevated ( t=68.72, 18.89, P<0.05). At 10 Gy, fetal liver HSPCs could not form colonies at all ( t=12.41, 15.67, 9.46, P<0.05). γ-H2AX immunofluorescence staining showed that the DNA damage of fetal liver HSPCs was more severe after irradiation, and the number of Foci formed was significantly higher than that of bone marrow HSPCs ( t=2.27, 2.03, P< 0.05), which indicated that fetal liver HSPCs were more sensitive to radiation. The chimerism rate of transplanted fetal liver HSPCs was lower than that of bone marrow cells ( t=5.84, P<0.05) with a higher proportion of myeloid lineage, suggesting that fetal liver HSPCs had lower in vivo reconstitution capacity than bone marrow HSPCs and were more prone to myeloid differentiation. The cell cycle of bone marrow HSPCs from transplanted chimeric mice was examined, and the proportion of S-phase was significantly higher in the fetal liver group than that in the bone marrow group ( t=2.89, P<0.05). Mitochondrial stress results showed that fetal liver HSPCs had higher basal respiratory capacity ( t=39.19, P<0.05), proton leakage ( t=6.64, P<0.05), ATP production ( t=9.33, P<0.05), and coupling efficiency ( t=7.10, P<0.05) than bone marrow c-Kit + cells, while respiratory reserve capacity ( t=5.53, P< 0.05) was lower than that of bone marrow c-Kit + cells. Conclusions:HSPCs derived from fetal liver display higher radiosensitivty compared with bone marrow HSPCs, laying the foundation for an in-depth illustration of the effects of radiation on hematopoietic stem cells at different developmental stages.

6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 404-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986086

ABSTRACT

The presence of midline diastema is a common complaint of patients that may affect dentofacial esthetics. This article summarized the etiology of maxillary midline diastema, and introduced the clinical application of sectional feldspathic porcelain veneers in maxillary midline diastema closure, including indication selection as well as clinical procedure. It aimed to provide an alternative solution on clinical treatment of maxillary midline diastema.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958418

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PIMT) is a rare lung tumor that is poorly understood by clinicians. Based on the data of patients with PIMT in our center, a comprehensive search and a brief summary analysis of previous reports of the disease were carried out in this article. PIMTs were more likely to be present in male patients and in the right lung, and their clinical and radiographic findings were heterogeneous. Surgery is the most important treatment method, and complete resection is of great significance to the prognosis of patients. Targeted therapy represented by crizotinib may be helpful for patients with positive ALK mutations.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 401-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of BRCC3 knockout on acute GVHD(aGVHD) of mice.Methods:A total of 12 recipient C57BL/6J mice were divided into two groups, including 6 wild type(WT) and BRCC3 -/-(KO). The recipients were exposed to 4.5 Gy + 4.5 Gy 60Co γ-rays in total body irradiation (TBI) at 30 min intervals. At 6 h post-irradiation, 1×10 7bone marrow cells and 8×10 6 splenocytes from BALB/c mice were infused into C57BL/6J mouse via tail vein to develop aGVHD mouse model. BRCC3 was specifically knocked out in aGVHD mouse model. The organ damage was examined through histopathology. The levels of serum cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) and cytometric bead array (CBA), respectively. Spleen, liver and small intestine lymphocytes were isolated at 9 d post-transplantation, and the infiltration and activation of T cells in the target organs were assayed using flow cytometry. Results:The absence of BRCC3 in recipient mice significantly shortened survival ( P<0.05) with increased liver injury of aGVHD mice. In BRCC3 -/-recipient mice, the proportions of CD8+ T cells and CD8+ CD25+ T cells were significantly higher than those in the spleen( t=6.53, 5.52, P<0.05), and the proportions of CD8+ T cells and CD8+ CD25+ T cells were significantly increased in the liver ( t=3.74, 3.19, P<0.05). Similarly, the proportions of CD8+ T cells, CD8+ CD25+ T cells and CD8+ CD69+ T cells were significantly elevated in the small intestine ( t=3.52, 4.06, 3.29, P<0.05). Conclusions:BRCC3 deletion increased the proliferation and activation of donor CD8+ T cells and aggravated aGVHD, which might provide a new prevention and treatment target for aGVHD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of different doses of 60Co γ-ray ionizing radiation on mitochondrial function in mouse hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Methods:C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, 1 Gy irradiation group and 4.5 Gy irradiation group. The mitochondrial functions were detected at 12 h and 24 h after irradiation, including ROS level, membrane potential, mitochondrial structure, and mitochondrial stress. Bone marrow c-Kit + cells received a single 15 Gy irradiation in vitro, after 24 h, mitochondrial function was detected. Results:It was found that mice leukocytes ( t=12.41, 18.31, 16.48, 14.16, 19.08, 20.25, P<0.05), red blood cells ( t=4.81, 6.62, P<0.05) and platelets ( t=4.33, 6.68, P<0.05) were significantly reduced. The numbers of bone marrow colony formation unit ( t=16.27, 55.66, 17.06, 43.75, P<0.05), and HSPCs ( t=5.16, 11.55, P<0.05) were decreased dose-dependently post-irradiation. Under 1 Gy irradiation, the mitochondrial function and mitochondrial basal metabolic index of HSPCs ( t= 7.36, 3.68, 4.58, 3.15, 3.15, P<0.05) were enhanced at 24 h post-irradiation. Under 4.5 Gy irradiation, mitochondrial number, mitochondrial membrane potential ( t=12.29, 10.46, P<0.05), maximal respiration and spare respiratory capacity were decreased ( t=7.81, 5.78, 6.70, 5.83, P<0.05), ROS level was increased ( t=4.63, 4.12, P<0.05). The basal respiration and oxidative phosphorylated ATP production were reduced at 12 h after irradiation ( t=8.48, 3.80, P<0.05); and the proton leakage was increased ( t=6.57, P<0.05) and coupling efficiency was reduced ( t=11.43, P<0.05) at 24 h after irradiation. In cultured c-Kit + cells, the level of ROS ( t=11.30, P<0.05) and the maximum respiration and spare respiratory capacity were increased ( t=4.25, 3.44, P<0.05) while the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased ( t=34.92, P<0.05) significantly. Conclusions:A method for systematically assessing mitochondrial function in HSPCs was established, and the effect of ionizing radiation on mitochondrial function of HSPCs was clarified, laying a foundation for further revealing the mechanism of ionizing radiation-induced mitochondrial damage in HSPCs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 23-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of ANXA on biological behavior of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cells by interfering with the expression of annexin A1 (ANXA1) in PTC cell lines by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) .Methods:The shRNA with specific and high efficiency was designed to specifically interfere with the expression of ANXA1 in TPC-1 and BCPAP cell lines, and transfect the TPC-1 and BCPAP cell lines respectively, including specific ANXA1 interference and negative control virus transfection, and they were divided into shANXA1 group and negative control virus group. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR (Q-PCR) and Western Blot were employed to verify gene expression. The shANXA1 group was used as the experimental group, the untransfected virus group and the negative control virus group were set as the control groups. The expression levels of ANXA1 in the three groups were compared and the shRNA interference efficiency was verified. The effects of ANXA1 knockdown on the proliferation, migration and invasion of TPC-1 and BCPAP cell lines were investigated by scratch, CCK8 and Transwell invasion experiments. Independent sample t test was used to compare the means between the two groups, and one-way analysis of variance was employed to compare multiple groups, with P<0.05 as statistically significant. Results:shRNA could efficiently silence the expression of ANXA1 at the transcription and translation level in PTC cell lines. Compared with the negative control cells, the cells proliferated after successful lentiviral transfection of TPC-1 and BCPAP (BCPAP, 24h: F= 25.15, P<0.001; 48h: F=6.44, P<0.001; 48h: F=46.94, P<0.001; TPC-1, 24h: F=207.50, P<0.001; 48h: F=202.45, P<0.001; 48h: F=55.89, P<0.001) , its migration (BCPAP, F=12511.10, P<0.001; TPC-1, F=3966.10, P<0.001) and invasion ability (BC-PAP: F=94.65, P<0.001; TPC-1: F=681.74, P<0.001) significantly decreased. Conclusion:After shRNA knock-down of ANXA1 gene, the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of TPC-1 and BCPAP cell lines decreased significantly, indicating that silencing this gene can reduce tumor aggressiveness, and initially reveals that ANXA1 may be an important potential in PTC biotherapy Target.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 283-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928905

ABSTRACT

An integrated digital magnetic resonance imaging spectrometer was proposed in this study. By using the FPGA chip Artix7 200T, timing control, data processing, digital frequency conversion and phase control were implemented into a single-chip, thus effectively improved timing accuracy and phase accuracy, while avoided the structural design complexity caused by multi-board connection and improved system integration and imaging quality.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 151-155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic significance of D-dimer level in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients who were admitted to Tianjin People's Hospital from January 2015 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value of D-dimer for survival was determined according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the patients were grouped. The differences of coagulation related indexes and clinicopathological features between patients with different D-dimer levels were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate analysis of overall survival (OS), and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis of OS.Results:According to ROC curve, the best cut-off value of D-dimer for survival was 0.75 mg/L. The proportion of patients with different clinical staging, international prognostic index score, lactate dehydrogenase level had statistically significant differences between the D-dimer ≥0.75 mg/L group (36 cases) and <0.75 mg/L group (34 cases) (all P < 0.05). The prothrombin time of D-dimer ≥ 0.75 mg/L group and < 0.75 mg/L group were (13.5±0.9) s and (13.0±0.8) s, respectively, and the activated partial thromboplastin time were (37±5) s and (34±6) s, respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the 5-year OS rates of DLBCL patients with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, international prognostic index score > 2, lactate dehydrogenase level > 240 U/L, B symptoms, D-dimer level ≥0.75 mg/L were decreased (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that D-dimer ≥0.75 mg/L was an independent risk factor for OS of DLBCL patients ( HR=0.368, 95% CI 0.144-0.944, P= 0.038). Conclusion:The level of D-dimer can be used as a clinical indicator to judge the prognosis of DLBCL patients, and the prognosis of patients with high D-dimer level is poor.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 52-54, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798583

ABSTRACT

A total of 87 patients with primary Sjögren′s syndrome (pSS) admitted in Jiangyin Hospital affiliated to South-East University Medical College from August 2014 to September 2018 were enrolled. According to severity, the ultrasonographic images of salivary glands were analyzed and graded to 0-4 scores, it is defined as positive if the scores ≥ 2. The ultrasonographic positive rate of submandibular glands and parotid glands were 94.3% (164/174) and 71.3% (124/174), respectively (χ2=32.22, P<0.05). The median scores of submandibular glands and parotid glands were 3 and 2 (Z=9.70, P<0.05). No significant difference was found in the ultrasonographic scores between the right and left glands of the same salivary glands (P>0.05). The result indicates that the damage of submandibular glands is more severe than that of parotid glands in patients with pSS.

14.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 321-326, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863492

ABSTRACT

Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are a group of heterogeneous diseases originating from post-thymic T-cells, with poor prognosis using traditional therapy, especially in patients with relapsed/refractory PTCLs (r/rPTCLs). In recent years, a variety of new anti-tumor drugs have emerged in the treatment of r/rPTCLs, including different types of enzyme inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, immunomodulators and immune checkpoint inhibitors, which have been proved to be effective. The discovery and clinical application of new drugs are expected to improve the outcomes of the diseases.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 777-784, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878225

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of chronic stress (CS) on dopamine (DA) level and synaptic efficiency in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) during spatial learning and memory. Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly divided into control group and CS group (n = 10). CS group was treated with chronic mild unpredictable stress, and control group did not receive any treatments. The levels of epinephrine and corticosterone (CORT) in serum were measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the spatial learning and memory abilities of rats were measured by Morris water maze (MWM) test. Meanwhile, the amplitude of field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) and concentration of DA in the DG region were determined by in vivo electrophysiology, microdialysis and HPLC techniques during MWM test in rats. After that, the DA D1 receptor (D1R) and its key downstream members in DG were examined by immunohistochemistry or Western blot assay. The results showed that the levels of epinephrine and CORT in the serum of the rats in CS group were significantly increased compared with those in the control group (P < 0.05). In CS group rats, the escape latency was significantly prolonged and the number of platform crossing was markedly decreased during MWM test, compared with those in control group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the amplitude of fEPSP in the DG was not changed during MWM test in CS rats, while it was significantly increased on the 3rd day of MWM test in control group (P < 0.05). Compared with baseline or control group, CS group showed significantly increased DA level from the 1st to 3rd days of MWM test in the DG (P < 0.05). In addition, the protein expression of D1R was markedly up-regulated in the DG in CS group, while the protein expression levels of p-PKA, p-CREB and BDNF were significantly reduced, compared with those in control group. These results suggest that CS may impair spatial learning and memory abilities in rats through the enhancement of the DA levels in the hippocampal DG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dentate Gyrus , Dopamine , Hippocampus , Maze Learning , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spatial Learning , Spatial Memory
16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 52-54, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870611

ABSTRACT

A total of 87 patients with primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) admitted in Jiangyin Hospital affiliated to South-East University Medical College from August 2014 to September 2018 were enrolled. According to severity, the ultrasonographic images of salivary glands were analyzed and graded to 0-4 scores, it is defined as positive if the scores ≥ 2. The ultrasonographic positive rate of submandibular glands and parotid glands were 94.3% (164/174) and 71.3% (124/174), respectively (χ 2=32.22, P<0.05). The median scores of submandibular glands and parotid glands were 3 and 2 ( Z=9.70, P<0.05). No significant difference was found in the ultrasonographic scores between the right and left glands of the same salivary glands ( P>0.05). The result indicates that the damage of submandibular glands is more severe than that of parotid glands in patients with pSS.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 8-12, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870404

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for anastomotic leakage (AL) after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (Lap-ISR) for patients with low-lying rectal cancer.Methods This retrospective study was conducted in the Characteristic Medical Center of PLA Rocket Force from Jun 2011 to Nov 2018.151 patients undergoing Lap-ISR were enrolled for this study.Results All patients in this series had a defunctioning ileostomy.The overall leakage rate was 17.2% (26/151),including peri-operative AL (n =20) and delayed AL (n =6).In accordance with the grading system of the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer,there were 24 patients (15.9%) with AL Grade B (requiring active therapeutic intervention) and two patients (1.3%) with AL Grade C (requiring re-laparotomy).Univariate analysis showed that BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2),tumor annularity (≥ 3/4) and operation time (≥ 240 min) were associated with AL (P < 0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that operation time (≥ 240 min,OR =7.390,95% CI:2.483-21.988,P =0.000),tumor annularity (≥ 3/4,OR =6.233,95% CI:1.932-20.107,P=0.002) and higher BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2,OR=3.523,95% CI:1.275-9.738,P=0.015)were independently predictive of AL Conclusion Tumor annularity,operation time and higher BMI are independently associated with symptomatic AL after Lap-ISR.

18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 661-669, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate serum levels of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TUSC7 in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), its association with clinicopathological parameters and its role in promoting tumor metastasis and invasion.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 60 patients with ESCC admitted between January, 2017 and May, 2019, with 60 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects as the control group. Serum level of TUSC7 in ESCC patients and its expression in 4 ESCC cell lines was detected with RT-qPCR. The association of serum TUSC7 level with the clinicopathological features of the patients was analyzed. KYSE-30 cell models with TUSC7 overexpression or knockdown were established, and the proliferation of the cells was examined with MTT assay and their migration and invasion were assessed using wound healing and Transwell assays. Western blotting was used to detect the cellular expressions of the proteins associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).@*RESULTS@#The patients with ESCC had significantly lower serum TUSC7 level than the healthy control subjects ( < 0.05). The ESCC cell lines also expressed lower levels of TUSC7 than normal cells ( < 0.05). Serum TUSC7 level was negatively correlated with tumor staging, lymph node metastasis and infiltration ( < 0.05) but was not significantly correlated with other clinicopathological parameters in ESCC patients. In the cell experiment, overexpression of TUSC7 in KYSE-30 cells significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion ( < 0.05), enhanced the expression of the EMT marker protein E-cadherin and lowered the expressions of N-cadherin, Vimentin and MMP9 ( < 0.05); knocking down TUSC7 in the cells produced the opposite effects.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The down-regulation of TUSC7 expression in the serum of ESCC patients and in ESCC cell lines is associated with the metastasis of ESCC and promotes tumor cell migration and invasion by promoting EMT, indicating the potential of serum TUSC7 level as a molecular marker for diagnosis, treatment and metastasis monitoring of ESCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Neoplasm Invasiveness , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
19.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 31-31, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772254

ABSTRACT

By removing a part of the structure, the tooth preparation provides restorative space, bonding surface, and finish line for various restorations on abutment. Preparation technique plays critical role in achieving the optimal result of tooth preparation. With successful application of microscope in endodontics for >30 years, there is a full expectation of microscopic dentistry. However, as relatively little progress has been made in the application of microscopic dentistry in prosthodontics, the following assumptions have been proposed: Is it suitable to choose the tooth preparation technique under the naked eye in the microscopic vision? Is there a more accurate preparation technology intended for the microscope? To obtain long-term stable therapeutic effects, is it much easier to achieve maximum tooth preservation and retinal protection and maintain periodontal tissue and oral function health under microscopic vision? Whether the microscopic prosthodontics is a gimmick or a breakthrough in obtaining an ideal tooth preparation should be resolved in microscopic tooth preparation. This article attempts to illustrate the concept, core elements, and indications of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation, physiological basis of dental pulp, periodontium and functions involved in tool preparation, position ergonomics and visual basis for dentists, comparison of tooth preparation by naked eyes and a microscope, and comparison of different designs of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation techniques. Furthermore, a clinical protocol for microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation based on target restorative space guide plate has been put forward and new insights on the quantity and shape of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation has been provided.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Listeria monocytogenes infection on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) composition, cell cycle and cell colony-forming ability in mouse bone marrow.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6J mice were divided into infected group and control group. The mice in injected group were infected intraperitoneally with 6.7×10 CFU Listeria monocytogenes,while the mice in control group were injecfed with PBS of same volume.The serum levels of IFNγ were detected at different time points. After 24 hours, the HS/PC composition, cell cycle and cell colony-forming ability in bone marrow of mice were measured, and the difference between the control group and the infected group was statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Serum IFNγ levels peaked at 24 hours after infection with Listeria monocytogenes. After 24 h, the proportion of LSK, LSK in S phase, and short-term hematopoietic stem cells (ST-HSC) in the infected group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.001), long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSC) and the proportion of LT-HSC in S phase were significantly increased (P<0.01), and the cell colony-forming ability of bone marrow significantly decreased (P<0.01). [WTHZ]Conclusion: [WTB1]After infection with Listeria monocytogenes, bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells enter the proliferative state from rest, the cell colony-forming ability decreases, suggesting that Listeria monocytogenes infection can cause hematopoietic stem cell depletion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mice, Inbred C57BL
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