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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 458-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT>1 year) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) in a large and contemporary PCI registry. Methods: A total of 1 661 eligible patients were selected from the Fuwai PCI Registry, of which 1 193 received DAPT>1 year and 468 received DAPT ≤1 year. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding, MACCE was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) Cox regression analysis were performed. Results: After a median follow-up of 2.5 years, patients who received DAPT>1 year were associated with lower risks of MACCE (1.4% vs. 3.2%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.412, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.205-0.827) compared with DAPT ≤1 year, which was primarily caused by the lower all-cause mortality (0.1% vs. 2.6%; HR 0.031, 95%CI 0.004-0.236). Risks of cardiac death (0.1% vs. 1.5%; HR 0.051, 95%CI 0.006-0.416) and definite/probable ST (0.3% vs. 1.1%; HR 0.218, 95%CI 0.052-0.917) were also lower in patients received DAPT>1 year than those received DAPT ≤ 1 year. No difference was found between the two groups in terms of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding (5.3% vs. 4.1%; HR 1.088, 95%CI 0.650-1.821). Conclusions: In patients with stable CAD and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after PCI with DES, prolonged DAPT (>1 year) provides a substantial reduction in ischemic cardiovascular events, including MACCE, all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and definite/probable ST, without increasing the clinically relevant bleeding risk compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT. Further well-designed, large-scale randomized trials are needed to verify the beneficial effect of prolonged DAPT in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-8, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.@*METHODS@#We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission.@*RESULTS@#From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imprecise interpretation of coronary angiograms was reported and resulted in inappropriate revascularization. Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score is a comprehensive system to evaluate the complexity of the overall lesions. We hypothesized that a real-time SYNTAX score feedback from image analysts may rectify the mis-estimation and improve revascularization appropriateness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#In this single-center, historical control study, patients with stable CAD with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50% were consecutively recruited. During the control period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by treating cardiologists. During the intervention period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by image analysts immediately after coronary angiography and were provided to cardiologists in real-time to aid decision-making. The primary outcome was revascularization deemed inappropriate by Chinese appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3245 patients were enrolled and assigned to the control group (08/2016-03/2017, n = 1525) or the intervention group (03/2017-09/2017, n = 1720). For SYNTAX score tertiles, 17.9% patients were overestimated and 4.3% were underestimated by cardiologists in the control group. After adjustment, inappropriate revascularization significantly decreased in the intervention group compared with the control group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-0.95; P = 0.007). Both inappropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (adjusted OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.74-0.92; P < 0.001) and percutaneous coronary intervention utilization (adjusted OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.016) decreased significantly in the intervention group. There was no significant difference in 1-year adverse cardiac events between the control group and the intervention group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Real-time SYNTAX score feedback significantly reduced inappropriate coronary revascularization in stable patients with CAD.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Nos. NCT03068858 and NCT02880605; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2286-2291, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802998

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who present without typical chest pain are associated with a poor outcome. However, whether angiographic characteristics are related to a higher risk of mortality in this population is unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the higher mortality risk in patients with STEMI without chest pain could be explained by their "high-risk" angiographic characteristics.@*Methods@#We used data of 12,145 patients with STEMI who was registered in China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry from January 2013 to September 2014. We compared the infarct-related artery (IRA), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade in the IRA, and other angiographic characteristics between patients without and those with chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality.@*Results@#The 2922 (24.1%) patients with STEMI presented without typical chest pain. These patients had a higher TIMI flow grade (mean TIMI flow grade: 1.00 vs. 0.94, P = 0.02) and a lower rate of IRA disease of the left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs. 51.2%, χ2 = 35.63, P < 0.01) than did those with typical chest pain. Patients without chest pain were older, more likely to have diabetes, longer time to hospital and higher Killip classification, and less likely to receive optimal medication treatment and primary percutaneous coronary intervention and higher In-hospital mortality (3.3% vs. 2.2%, χ2 = 10.57, P < 0.01). After adjusting for multi-variables, presentation without chest pain was still an independent predictor of in-hospital death among patients with STEMI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.02–1.83).@*Conclusions@#Presentation without chest pain is common and associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that their poor prognosis is associated with baseline patient characteristics and delayed treatment, but not angiographic lesion characteristics.@*Clinical trial registration@#NCT01874691, https://clinicaltrials.gov.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 519-524, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Approximately 70% patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) presented without ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram. Patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) often presented with atypical symptoms, which may be related to pre-hospital delay and increased risk of mortality. However, up to date few studies reported detailed symptomatology of NSTEMI, particularly among Asian patients. The objective of this study was to describe and compare symptoms and presenting characteristics of NSTEMI vs. STEMI patients.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 21,994 patients diagnosed with AMI from China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) Registry between January 2013 and September 2014. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to ST-segment elevation: ST-segment elevation (STEMI) group and NSTEMI group. We extracted data on patients' characteristics and detailed symptomatology and compared these variables between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with patients with STEMI (N = 16,315), those with NSTEMI (N = 5679) were older, more often females and more often have comorbidities. Patients with NSTEMI were less likely to present with persistent chest pain (54.3% vs. 71.4%), diaphoresis (48.6% vs. 70.0%), radiation pain (26.4% vs. 33.8%), and more likely to have chest distress (42.4% vs. 38.3%) than STEMI patients (all P < 0.0001). Patients with NSTEMI were also had longer time to hospital. In multivariable analysis, NSTEMI was independent predictor of presentation without chest pain (odds ratio: 1.974, 95% confidence interval: 1.849-2.107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with NSTEMI were more likely to present with chest distress and pre-hospital patient delay compared with patients with STEMI. It is necessary for both clinicians and patients to learn more about atypical symptoms of NSTEMI in order to rapidly recognize myocardial infarction.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#www.clinicaltrials.gov (No. NCT01874691).


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Pathology , China , Electrocardiography , Methods , Hospital Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , Odds Ratio , Registries , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Pathology
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2286-2291, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who present without typical chest pain are associated with a poor outcome. However, whether angiographic characteristics are related to a higher risk of mortality in this population is unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the higher mortality risk in patients with STEMI without chest pain could be explained by their "high-risk" angiographic characteristics.@*METHODS@#We used data of 12,145 patients with STEMI who was registered in China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry from January 2013 to September 2014. We compared the infarct-related artery (IRA), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade in the IRA, and other angiographic characteristics between patients without and those with chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality.@*RESULTS@#The 2922 (24.1%) patients with STEMI presented without typical chest pain. These patients had a higher TIMI flow grade (mean TIMI flow grade: 1.00 vs. 0.94, P = 0.02) and a lower rate of IRA disease of the left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs. 51.2%, χ = 35.63, P < 0.01) than did those with typical chest pain. Patients without chest pain were older, more likely to have diabetes, longer time to hospital and higher Killip classification, and less likely to receive optimal medication treatment and primary percutaneous coronary intervention and higher In-hospital mortality (3.3% vs. 2.2%, χ = 10.57, P < 0.01). After adjusting for multi-variables, presentation without chest pain was still an independent predictor of in-hospital death among patients with STEMI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.83).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Presentation without chest pain is common and associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that their poor prognosis is associated with baseline patient characteristics and delayed treatment, but not angiographic lesion characteristics.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT01874691, https://clinicaltrials.gov.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Desminopathy, a hereditary myofibrillar myopathy, mainly results from the desmin gene (DES) mutations. Desminopathy involves various phenotypes, mainly including different cardiomyopathies, skeletal myopathy, and arrhythmia. Combined with genotype, it helps us precisely diagnose and treat for desminopathy.@*METHODS@#Sanger sequencing was used to characterize DES variation, and then a minigene assay was used to verify the effect of splice-site mutation on pre-mRNA splicing. Phenotypes were analyzed based on clinical characteristics associated with desminopathy.@*RESULTS@#A splicing mutation (c.735+1G>T) in DES was detected in the proband. A minigene assay revealed skipping of the whole exon 3 and transcription of abnormal pre-mRNA lacking 32 codons. Another affected family member who carried the identical mutation, was identified with a novel phenotype of desminopathy, non-compaction of ventricular myocardium. There were 2 different phenotypes varied in cardiomyopathy and skeletal myopathy among the 2 patients, but no significant correlation between genotype and phenotype was identified.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We reported a novel phenotype with a splicing mutation in DES, enlarging the spectrum of phenotype in desminopathy. Molecular studies of desminopathy should promote our understanding of its pathogenesis and provide a precise molecular diagnosis of this disorder, facilitating clinical prevention and treatment at an early stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Cardiomyopathies , Genetics , Pathology , Desmin , Genetics , Electrocardiography , Genotype , Muscular Dystrophies , Genetics , Pathology , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype
9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1044-1048, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703922

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the association between acquired thrombocytopenia and long-term clinical outcome among stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We analyzed clinical data of 8 271 consecutive patients who underwent elective PCI in Fuwai Hospital from January 2013 to December 2013. Acquired thrombocytopenia was defined as platelet count <150×109/L after PCI in patients with normal baseline platelet count value. We compared data on demographic, clinical, laboratory, and 30-month outcome between non-thrombocytopenic and thrombocytopenic patients and identified the independent predictors of acquired thrombocytopenia post PCI. Results: Acquired thrombocytopenia developed in 654 (7.91%) patients (634 [7.67%] patients had mild thrombocytopenia, 20 [0.24%] patients had moderate or severe thrombocytopenia). Patients who developed thrombocytopenia had higher 30-month rate of all cause death (2.3% vs 1.0%, P=0.0086) and cardiogenic death (1.2% vs 0.5%, P=0.0261). Moderate or severe thrombocytopenia was associated with a 13-fold increased risk for cardiogenic death, 7-fold increased risk for stent thrombosis,11-fold increased risk for myocardial infarction compared with patients without thrombocytopenia. Conclusions: Acquired thrombocytopenia after PCI is common in stable coronary artery disease patients and is independently associated with increased risk of long-term adverse outcome in these patients.

10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to compare both the safety and efficacy of transradial (TRI) versus transfemoral (TFI) approach in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 5 067 women undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China between 2006 and 2011. 4 105 patients underwent TRI and 962 patients underwent TFI. A One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control for potential biases. A total of 897 pairs were matched. Results: After controlling for confounders using PSM, baseline and procedural characteristics were well-balanced between TRI and TFI groups. Patients undergoing TRI had significantly fewer major post-PCI bleeding (1.0% vs 3.5%, P<0.001) and access site complications (8.5% vs 19.7%,P<0.001) after PSM. There was no statistical differences in the incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) during hospitalization (P>0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that TRI was an independent predictor of reduced major bleeding (OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.54-0.76, P<0.001) and access site complications (OR=0.67, 95%CI:0.61-0.74, P<0.001). Conclusions: Our result show that TRI is related to reduced major bleeding and access site complications as compared to TFI in Chinese female patients undergoing PCI.

11.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 524-528, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703889

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To explore the clinical and coronary disease characteristics and prognosis of Chinese patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and without typical chest pain. Methods:By extracting data from China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, we included 12 145 STEMI patients who underwent coronary angiography between 01 January 2013 to 30 September 2014. Variables of interest were extracted and compared between AMI patients without vs with typical chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Results:There were approximately 24% (2922/12145) STEMI patients without typical chest pain. Compared with typical chest pain patients, patients without typical chest pain had higher prevalence of diabetes (20.0% vs 17.8%), longer time of disease onset to hospital, lower rate of IRA disease of left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs 51.2%). These patients were less likely to receive primary percutaneous coronary intervention (64.9% vs 73.9%) and had higher in-hospital mortality (3.3% vs 2.2%, P<0.05). Multivarite Logistic regression analysis indicated atypical chest pain was an independent risk factor for in-hospital death (OR:1.364, 95% confidence interval:1.018-1.827). Conclusions:Approximately a quarter STEMI patients presented without typical chest pain in this patient cohort and they had longer disease onset to hospital time, were less likely to receive PCI, and associated with higher in-hospital mortality risk. Efforts should be made to identify these patients in order to apply the optimal treatments to them.

12.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 117-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703826

ABSTRACT

Objective: Residual SYNTAX score (rSS) can be used as the independent predictor for clinical prognosis and the tool for quantifying incomplete revascularization (IR) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Our work assessed the prognostic value of rSS on large-scale PCI patients in China. Methods: A total of 10 724 CAD patients undergoing PCI in our hospital in 2013 were studied; 381 patients with previous CABG and hybrid procedure were excluded, 10 343 patients were finally enrolled. Baseline SYNTAX score (bSS) and rSS were calculated before and after PCI. Complete revascularization (CR) was defined by rSS=0 and IR was defined by rSS≥1. The patients were followed-up for 30 months. Clinical endpoint events included MACE, a composite event of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization; all-cause death, cardiac death, MI, all-cause death/MI and revascularization.Results: There were 5 050/10 343 (48.8%) patients having CR and 5 293 having IR including 1 908 (18.4%) patients with 1≤rSS≤4, 1 777 (17.2%) with 4<rSS≤9 and 1608 (15.5%) with rSS>9. Patients with the higher rSS had more clinical comorbidity and more complicated coronary lesions. Compared with CR patients, IR patients had the higher incidences of 30-month clinical endpoint events. As rSS increasing, the incidence of MACE was elevating accordingly. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that rSS was the independent predictor for MACE and all other endpoints occurrence. Conclusion: IR patients especially those with rSS>9 had the higher incidence of adverse clinical outcomes. rSS has been a good tool for quantifying revascularization and assessing prognosis in PCI patients in China.

13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 110-116, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703825

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of PARIS bleeding score on in-hospital bleeding of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Methods: There were 27 594 AMI patients enrolled in China acute myocardial infarction (CAMI) registry between 2013-01-01 to 2014-09-30 from 107 hospitals, and 14 625 of them had successful in-hospital DES implantation with DAPT were studied. Based on BARC (bleeding academic research consortium definition) criteria, the end point major bleeding (MB) events were defined by both BARC type 3, 5 and BARC type 2, 3, 5; the incidence of in-hospital bleeding, clinical features and predictive value of PARIS bleeding score according to different BARC type were evaluated. Results: Compared with non-MB patients, MB patients had the higher PARIS bleeding score, P<0.001. Based on PARIS score risk stratification, taking BARC type 3, 5 as endpoint, 77/14 625 (0.53%) patients had bleeding events, PARIS scores were different among high risk, mid risk and low risk patients, P<0.001; bleeding risk in mid risk patients was 2.38 times higher than low risk patients, P=0.006 and bleeding risk in high risk patients was 4.78 times higher than low risk patients, P<0.001.Taking BARC type 2,3,5 as endpoint,223(1.52%)patients had bleeding events,bleeding risk in mid risk patients was 1.64 times higher than low risk patients, P=0.002 and bleeding risk in high risk patients was 2.23 times higher than low risk patients, P=0.001. ROC analysis showed that PARIS score had predictive value on both BARC type 3, 5 and BARC type 2, 3, 5 bleeding, area under curve (AUC) of BARC type 3, 5 (AUC: 0.672) was higher than AUC of BARC type 2, 3, 5 (AUC:0.596) (z=2.079, P=0.038), which implied that PARIS score had better predictive value in severe bleeding events. Conclusion: PARIS bleeding score had predictive value on in-hospital bleeding in AMI patients after DES implantation with DAPT, it can also be used in bleeding risk stratification. PARIS bleeding score had better predictive value on severe bleeding.

14.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 161-170, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281395

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare hospital costs and clinical outcomes between transradial intervention (TRI) and transfemoral intervention (TFI) in elderly patients aged over 65 years. Methods We identified 1229 patients aged over 65 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China, between January 1 and December 31, 2010. Total hospital costs and in-hospital outcomes were compared between TRI and TFI. An inverse probability weighting (IPW) model was introduced to control potential biases. Results Patients who underwent TRI were younger, less often female, more likely to receive PCI for single-vessel lesions, and less likely to undergo the procedure for ostial lesions. TRI was associated with a cost saving of CNY7495 (95%CI: CNY4419-10 420). Such differences were mainly driven by lower PCI-related costs. TRI patients had shorter length of stay (1.9 days, 95%CI: 1.1-2.7 days), shorter post-procedural stay (0.7 days, 95%CI: 0.3-1.1 days), and fewer major adverse cardiac events (adjusted odds ratio = 0.47, 95%CI: 0.31-0.73). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of post-PCI bleeding between TRI and TFI (P>0.05). Such differences remained consistent in clinically relevant subgroups of acute myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, and stable angina. Conclusion The use of TRI in patients aged over 65 years was associated with significantly reduced hospital costs and more favorable clinical outcomes.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1471-1478, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Major side branch (SB) occlusion is one of the most serious complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for bifurcation lesions. We aimed to characterize the incidence and predictors of major SB occlusion during coronary bifurcation intervention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected consecutive patients undergoing PCI (using one stent or provisional two stent strategy) for bifurcation lesions with major SB. All clinical characteristics, coronary angiography findings, PCI procedural factors and quantitative coronary angiographic analysis data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of SB occlusion. SB occlusion after main vessel (MV) stenting was defined as no blood flow or any thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade decrease in SB after MV stenting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among all 652 bifurcation lesions, 32 (4.91%) SBs occluded. No blood flow occurred in 18 lesions and TIMI flow grade decreasing occurred in 14 lesions. In multivariate analysis, diameter ratio between MV/SB (odds ratio [OR]: 7.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.53-38.85, P = 0.01), bifurcation angle (OR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.02-1.05, P < 0.01), diameter stenosis of SB before MV stenting (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.03-1.07, P < 0.01), TIMI flow grade of SB before MV stenting (OR: 3.59, 95% CI: 1.48-8.72, P < 0.01) and left ventricular eject fraction (LVEF) (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02-1.11, P < 0.01) were independent predictors of SB occlusion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Among clinical and angiographic findings, diameter ratio between MV/SB, bifurcation angle, diameter stenosis of SB before MV stenting, TIMI flow grade of SB before MV stenting and LVEF were predictive of major SB occlusion after MV stenting.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1469-1479, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350486

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, can protect hearts against no-reflow and reperfusion injury in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. The present study was to investigate whether the PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a 90-minute ischemia and 3-hour reperfusion model, minipigs were randomly assigned to sham, control, TXL (0.05 g/kg, gavaged one hour prior to ischemia), and TXL + H-89 (a PKA inhibitor, intravenously and continuously infused at 1.0 µg/kg per minute) groups. Myocardial no-reflow, necrosis, edema, and apoptosis were determined by pathological and histological studies. Myocardial activity of PKA and myeloperoxidase was measured by colorimetric method. The expression of PKA, phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) (Ser(133)), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), P-selectin, apoptotic proteins, and aquaporins was detected by Western blotting analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TXL decreased the no-reflow area by 37.4% and reduced the infarct size by 27.0% (P < 0.05). TXL pretreatment increased the PKA activity and the expression of Ser(133) p-CREB in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium (P < 0.05). TXL inhibited the ischemia-reperfusion-induced elevation of myeloperoxidase activities and the expression of TNF-α and P-selectin, reduced myocardial edema in the left ventricle and the reflow and no-reflow areas and the expression of aquaporin-4, -8, and -9, and decreased myocytes apoptosis by regulation of apoptotic protein expression in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium. However, addition of the PKA inhibitor H-89 counteracted these beneficial effects of TXL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Aquaporin 4 , Physiology , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Physiology , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Physiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Edema , Hemodynamics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocarditis , Swine , Swine, Miniature
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1612-1617, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Though drug-eluting stent (DES) almost solved a problem of restenosis, safety issues related to stent thrombosis are still the major concern of DES. We hypothesized that hybrid stent implantation may decrease the use of DES, probably improving the long-term safety but not affecting efficacy adversely when treating multilesion coronary artery disease in the DES era.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 848 patients with multilesion disease underwent hybrid stent implantation. During the same period 5647 patients with multilesion coronary heart disease were treated by exclusive DES implantation in Fu Wai Hospital. According to propensity score matching, we chose 823 pairs of patients with multileison coronary artery disease for inclusion into our study. We obtained the 24-month clinical outcome including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR). We used Cox's proportional-hazard models to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 24 months, patients in the hybrid stent implantation group showed a significantly higher risk of TLR (8.39% vs. 3.28%, HR 2.38, 95%CI: 1.50 - 3.70), TVR (11.07% vs. 6.32%, HR 1.61, 95%CI: 1.15 - 2.27) and MACE (13.75% vs. 8.75%, HR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.85). No significant difference was apparent in terms of mortality (1.22% vs. 1.70%, HR 0.55, 95%CI: 0.24 - 1.25), MI (1.95% vs. 2.31%, HR 0.73, 95%CI: 0.37 - 1.42), or thrombosis (definite + probable) (0.73% vs. 1.58%, HR 0.40, 95%CI: 0.15 - 1.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with multilesion coronary artery disease, the exclusive DES implantation was associated with significantly lower risks of TLR, TVR and MACE, and the hybrid stent implantation did not result in any significant improvements regarding safety issues. Prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1755-1760, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350430

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Successful revascularization of coronary artery disease, especially ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), does not always mean optimal myocardial reperfusion in a portion of patients because of no-reflow phenomenon. We hypothesized that statins might attenuate the incidence of myocardial no-reflow when used before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence of pre-procedural statin therapy to reduce myocardial no-reflow after PCI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and clinicaltrials.gov databases from inception to October 2012 for clinical trials that examined statin therapy before PCI. We required that studies initiated statins before PCI and reported myocardial no-reflow. A DerSimonian-Laird model was used to construct random-effects summary risk ratios.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all, 7 studies with 3086 patients met our selection criteria. The use of pre-procedural statins significantly reduced post-procedural no-reflow by 4.2% in all PCI patients (risk ratio (RR) 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.35 to 0.90, P = 0.016), and attenuated by 5.0% in non-STEMI patients (RR 0.41, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.94, P = 0.035). This benefit was mainly observed in the early or acute intensive statin therapy populations (RR 0.43, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.71, P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acute intensive statin therapy before PCI significantly reduces the hazard of post-procedural no-reflow phenomenon. The routine use of statins before PCI should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , No-Reflow Phenomenon , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Practice Guidelines as Topic
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 462-465, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical outcomes of rotational atherectomy followed by drug-eluting stenting via the transradial approach for the treatment of heavily calcified coronary lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to October 2012, 114 consecutive patients with heavily calcified coronary lesions underwent rotational atherectomy and drug-eluting stents via transradial approach in our hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. Characteristics of heavily calcified coronary lesions, the success rates of rotational atherectomy and stenting, rates of complication during perioperative treatments, and adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization and follow up were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 114 patients were successfully treated with rotational atherectomy and drug-eluting stent placement, and totally 120 target lesions of type B or C were treated including 8 left main lesions, 93 left anterior descending and 2 circumflex, 17 right coronary lesions. No-reflow was observed in 7 patients during the procedure, there was one case of entrapped rotablator burr which was successfully retrieved together with guiding catheter without serious complication. During the 6 months (median) follow-up, angina was reported in 11 patients and revascularization was performed in 8 patients due to stent restenosis and intensified medical therapy was applied in 3 patients. There was no acute myocardial infarction and death during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rotational atherectomy followed by drug-eluting stenting via transradial approach is feasible, effective and safe and the short-term outcome is satisfactory for patients with heavily calcified coronary lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atherectomy, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Radial Artery , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 30-33, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275112

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical outcomes of patients undergoing emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) following failed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the stent era.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven patients who underwent emergent CABG following failed PCI from January, 2002 to December 2010 were enrolled. The in-hospital follow-up included cardiac deaths, Q-wave myocardial infarction, kidney failure, and cerebrovascular events. The clinical end-point of out-hospital follow-up was the major adverse cardiac events including death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were (61 ± 5) years old. Coronary angiography showed 5 patients had triple vessel lesions. There were 9 target lesions on left anterior descending artery. There were 3 (27.3%) severe calcified, 4 (36.4%) chronic total occlusion, and 4 (36.4%) diffused long lesions. Reasons for emergent CABG were dissection (n = 5, 45.5%), perforation (n = 3, 27.3%), failure to sufficient predilation (n = 1, 9.1%), acute closure (n = 1, 9.1%) and stent loss (n = 1, 9.1%). The average duration of follow-up was (47 ± 33) months. During in-hospital follow-up, there were 1 (9.1%) cardiac death and 2 (18.2%) Q wave myocardial infarction. During follow-up after hospital discharge, 1 patient (9.1%) died of kidney failure, and there was no rehospitalization due to cardiac events.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Emergent CABG after failed PCI often happened in patients with complex coronary lesions. The long term outcome of patients requiring emergent CABG after failed PCI was favorable in this cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Emergency Treatment , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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