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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Hemorrhoidal disease (HD) is the most common proctological disease, with an estimated prevalence rate of 4.4%, and a peak in individuals between 45 and 65 years of age. This study was done to evaluate whether Lian-Zhi-San (LZS), a clinically used anti-hemorrhoidal ointment could alleviate the inflammatory injury, with its associated changes of inflammatory cytokines and morphology of anorectal tissues, in an experimental model of HD in rats.@*METHODS@#HD was induced by croton oil preparation (COP) applied to the anorectal region. Rats were then treated with cotton swabs soaked in LZS ointment, water or white vaseline, twice a day for 7 d. At the end of the experiment, HD was evaluated by measuring hemorrhoidal and biochemical parameters along with histopathological observations.@*RESULTS@#In this study, COP induced a significant increase in the macroscopic severity score, anorectal coefficient and Evans blue extravasation, compared to normal rats. Additionally, it greatly enhanced the expression and secretion levels of some important inflammation-related cytokines along with marked histological damage, compared to normal rats. Rats treated with LZS ointment experienced significantly ameliorated Evans blue extravasation (P < 0.05), decreased macroscopic severity score (0.86 ± 0.14 vs. 1.65 ± 0.16) and the anorectal coefficient (P < 0.01); its use also attenuated tissue damage and inhibited the expression and secretion levels of inflammation-related cytokines (interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α).@*CONCLUSION@#This study validates a preliminary understanding of the use of LZS ointment to treat inflammatory factors and tissue damage in an experimental model of HD in rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study whether Zhichan Granule could enhance the effect of Madopar for treating Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: Subacute PD model induced by methylphenyltetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in mice was adopted and 105 male C57 mice were randomly divided into seven groups with 15 in each group,they were control group, model group, Zhichan Granule in low dose (3.5 g/kg) medium dose (9.0 g/kg), and high dose (22 g/kg) combined with DOPA (50 mg/kg) groups, Zhichan Granule (22 g/kg), and Madopar (50 mg/kg) groups, respectively. Behaviors of mice in each group were observed by rollover and pole climbing method. The content of striatum dopamine and the number of dopamine neurons of substantia nigra were detected by HPLC and immunohistochemical method. Results: Compared with the Madopar group, the content of striatum dopamine and the number of dopamine neurons of substantia nigra were significantly increased in the group of low-dose Zhichan Granule combined with Madopar, and the behaviors were significantly improved. Compared with the model group, the behaviors were significantly improved in the group of Zhichan Granule. The results indicated that Zhichan Granule in a low-dose could enhance the effect of Madopar for treating PD, resulting in reduction of the dose of Madopar to a certain degree. Conclusion: Zhichan Granule could enhance the effect of Madopar for treating PD, which has nerve protective effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279287

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore characteristic indexes in evaluation criteria for rat skin anaphylactoid test comparing skin blue spot OD values at the treated position and the control position in the same animal. Common contrast agents, traditional Chinese medicine injections and injections' active pharmaceutical ingredients or excipients in the existing clinical anaphylactoid reaction reports were taken as test drugs in the rat skin anaphylactoid test to define the K value: K > 2 represents positive anaphylactoid reaction, 1.2 ≤ K ≤ 2 represent doubtable anaphylactoid; K < 1.2 represents negative anaphylactoid reaction, which were taken as the criteria for evaluating anaphylactoid of tested drugs. The evaluation result and that for classic criteria were compared to study the applicability of K value. According to the comparison, K value, as the evaluation criteria in the rat skin anaphylactoid test, can more truly reflect the actual situation of skin aizen and minimize the error caused by animal individual factors. Compared with positive and negative two-level criteria for blue spot diameter, K value's positive, doubtable and negative three-level criteria are more objective and accurate. Therefore, K value can be used as the evaluation criteria in the rat skin anaphylactoid test.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Hypersensitivity , Allergy and Immunology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Tests , Methods
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1475-1483, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298055

ABSTRACT

The present work is to investigate the correlation between physical properties and deformation behaviors of tablet excipients, and rank them according to their plastic performances during compaction. The excipients selected were compacted using Korsch XP1 after measuring their physical properties where the compression parameters for evaluating deformation behaviors were Heckle equation, compression work and elastic stretch in die. The correlations between compaction descriptors and physical parameters were analyzed by canonical correlation analysis, and factor analysis was simultaneously employed to synthetically assess deformation behaviors for all our samples. The canonical variables show that true density (Pa) correlated negatively with plastic coefficient (PL) and positively with yield pressure (YP); compression degree (Cp) correlated negatively with fast elastic stretch (FES) as well as YP and positively with PL. When factor scores were used in combination with original data, the plasticity of our samples was sorted and ranked as high (-0.56 < F' < 0.21), intermediate (-0.16 < F' < 0.36), or low (0.38 < F' < 0.84), which are in accord with plasticity rankings previously reported in literature. This study indicates factor analysis can be an approach to evaluate deformation behaviors of pharmaceutical powders.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Compressive Strength , Elasticity , Excipients , Chemistry , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Particle Size , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Chemistry , Powders , Chemistry , Pressure , Tablets
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the use of the electronic tongue in the evaluation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials with sour, bitter, sweet or salty tastes, and assess the possible application of the sensor in the evaluation of different tastes of traditional Chinese medicinal materials.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Aqueous extracts of 22 traditional Chinese medicinal materials were measured by the electronic tongue. The data collected with the tongue was evaluated for discrimination of the samples with multivariate statistical methods: principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant factor analysis (DFA).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The electronic tongue was capable of discriminating between samples with different taste modalities and could also distinguish different samples eliciting the same basic taste. Twenty-two traditional Chinese medicinal materials could be classified into five clusters based on PCA. These differences seem to derive from the different tastes. DFA was applied to construct a model to discriminate traditional Chinese medicinal materials with different tastes. And the samples yielded about 88.2% accuracy for cross-validation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We confirmed that the electronic tongue may provide an analytical procedure for classification of the samples with respect to tastes of the traditional Chinese medicinal materials.</p>


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Methods , Cluster Analysis , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electrical Equipment and Supplies , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Theoretical , Multivariate Analysis , Principal Component Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Taste
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350698

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an HPLC method for determination of rhnchophylline and isorhnchophylline in Uncaria rhnchophylla.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>An HPLC method has been developed for determination of rhnchophylline and isorhnchophylline. The transformation of rhnchophylline and isorhnchophylline after heating was also studied by HPLC-ESI-MS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Good linearities of rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline were 0.064-5.100, 0.064-5.110 mg, respectively. The average recoveries were from 87.51% to 88.83% for rhynchophylline and from 107.9% to 113.9% for isorhynchophylline. The recoveries of rhynchophylline and isorhnchophylline reference solutions after extraction were 12.60% and 40.00% in the reflux extraction procedure, respectively. While in the ultrasonic extraction procedure, the average recoveries of rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline was from 99.48% to 103.2% and from 97.00% to 99.59%, resepectively. The recoveries of rhynchophylline and isorhnchophylline reference solutions after extraction were 47.08% and 51.03%, respectively. The unqualified recovery could be elucidated by HPLC-ESI-MS analysis, indicating that trhynchophylline could be transformed mostly into isorhynchophylline and a little amount of unkown composition, while isorhynchophylline could be transformed into rhynchophylline isocorynoxeine, corynoxeine and 22-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl isocorynoxeinic acid during the extraction procedure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ultrasonic extraction procedure was more sutble for HPLC determination of the content of rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline in U. rhnchophylla, however, the recovery problems should be paid attention to when it comes to the determination.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Ultrasonics , Uncaria , Chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide a mathematical set-based method for evaluating drug release kinetics of multi-component traditional Chinese medicine preparations.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>With Fuzheng Huayu prescription as the study model, a mathematical set-based method for evaluating drug release kinetics was established to guide the preparation of drug release system of Fuzheng Huayu prescription, and a quantitative evaluation was made for its multi-component drug release characteristics. Its accuracy was verified by Kalman filtering method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The comparison between the two showed that the sample No. 4 of Fuzheng Huayu drug release system showed synchronized drug release with its reference preparation Fuzheng Huayu capsules.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results verified the accuracy and rationality of the evaluation method based on mathematics set. Meanwhile, it displayed the release of target preparations according to asynchronous coefficient (k) and other parameters, and found the orientation of regulating and improving the unit drug release dosage from relevant error parameters of various characteristic peak information, in order to purposefully regulate relevant components, and enable target preparations to meet the synchronized drug release requirements of the reference preparation. Meanwhile, it provided an effective measure for evaluating the quantitative characterization and synchronized release behavior of multi-component traditional Chinese medicines.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Filtration , Humans , Kinetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Theoretical
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 508-511, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276289

ABSTRACT

The paper is to report the establishment of an HPLC specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini decoctions and the influence of combination on the specific chromatogram. The RP-HPLC method was used with a Phenomenex Gemini C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 5 microm), and acetonitrile-0.05% trifluoroacetic acid (gradient elution) as mobile phase. Flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1) and the detection wavelength was set at 232 nm. The temperature of column was 30 degrees C. The method is stable and reliable with a good reproducibility, it can be used to determine the specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions. Twenty peaks were selected as specific peaks in Sini Decoction with liquiritin peak as the reference peak. Six of them were from Glycyrrhiza and the other 6 peaks were from both Glycyrrhiza and Ganjiangfuzi Decoction. The areas of specific peaks of Sini Decoctions were smaller than those in the chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza. The specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions is markedly influenced by Radix Aconiti Carmichaeli and Rhizoma Zingiberis. The areas of the specific peaks in Sini Decoctions were reduced obviously. The method is stable and reliable with a good reproducibility, it can be used to determine the specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavanones , Chemistry , Ginger , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 517-521, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276287

ABSTRACT

Material properties and hygroscopicity were determined. Principal component analysis and partial least squares regression were applied to evaluate relationships between material properties and hygroscopicity of Chinese medicine raw materials. The results showed that hygroscopicity was correlated with water content, particle size distribution, water soluble characteristic and cohesion. Balanced moisture content was positively correlated with water content, particle size distribution, water soluble characteristic and cohesion. Moisture absorption velocity was negatively correlated with particle size distribution, protruding degree and positively correlated with water soluble characteristic and cohesion. Moisture absorption acceleration was positively correlated with water content, particle size distribution and negatively correlated with water soluble characteristic and cohesion. Hygroscopicity of Chinese medicine raw materials is interpreted in terms of physics.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Least-Squares Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Particle Size , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Principal Component Analysis , Solubility , Water , Wettability
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1257-1261, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233001

ABSTRACT

The pharmacokinetics of a long-circulating PEGylated Radix Ophiopogonis polysaccharide (ROP) was investigated in rats following i.v. or s.c. administration at three dose levels (9, 20, 50 mg x kg(-1)). A moderate coupling reaction between the hydroxyl-activated ROP and the amino-terminated mPEG was chosen to produce PEGylate ROP. The grafting degree of the prepared conjugate was 1.03, and the molecular mass of mPEG used was 20 kDa. High-performance gel permeation chromatorgraphy with fluorescein isothiocyanate prelabeling was established to determine levels of the conjugate in plasma. The results showed that the elimination half-life of the conjugate following s.c. administration was basically identical to that after iv administration. An accurate linear correlation was observed between administration doses and areas under the curve of plasma conjugate level vs. time profile, regardless of the administration route. The absolute bioavailability of the conjugate following sc administration was approximately 56%, and the mean in vivo residence time was 52.1 h, increased 2.4 times compared to those of iv administration. In general, linear pharmacokinetics was observed for the conjugate within the dose range studied, and sc should be a promising administration route for the conjugate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Area Under Curve , Biological Availability , Drug Carriers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Half-Life , Injections, Intravenous , Injections, Subcutaneous , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 329-332, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348956

ABSTRACT

The paper is to report the observation of pharmacokinetic changes of the characteristic ingredients in the combinations of different-dose herbs of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. After the establishment of HPLC analytical method of plasma effective constituents, rats were orally administered with different-dose herbs of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. Blood samples at different times after administering these decoctions were collected, and then were analyzed by HPLC fingerprints technology. Pharmacokinetic parameters of characteristic peaks were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 software and DAS 2.0. At last, we looked for the correlation of those pharmacokinetic parameters and the dosage of Gancao. The best dose of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction was at the ratio of 4 to 4, which was consistent with the dose commonly used in ancient times. The absorption of characteristic peaks from Shaoyao-Gancao decoction was related with the dosage of Gancao, and there existed interaction between each characteristic ingredients. There existed the right dose-ratio of Shaoyao and Gancao to get the best effect. The absorptions of effective constitutents were mutual waxing and waning in order to increase biological effects together. It's demonstrated the compatibility connotation at a right dose-ratio of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction through the angle of pharmacokinetics.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Male , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plasma , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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