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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325


The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.

Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1-8, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701069


AIM:To investigate the inhibitory effect of sinapine thiocyanate(ST)on hyperglycemia,hyper-lipemia,atherosclerosis and hepatocellular steatosis of ApoE-/-mice with insulin resistance(IR)and the possible mecha-nisms.METHODS:ApoE-/-male mice(n=60)were assigned randomly into control group ,saline group,rosiglitazone group and ST treatment groups(at low,middle and high doses )with 10 mice in each group.The mice in control group were fed with fundamental diet ,while the mice in other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks.The mice in ST groups were given gavage with different doses of ST(10,30 and 90 mg· kg-1· d-1)simultaneously,while the mice in rosiglitazone group received gavage with rosigltazone(1.33 mg· kg-1 · d-1 ).In the last 3 weeks,the mice in control group received daily intrape-ritoneal injection of physiological saline ,and IR was induced in other groups by daily intrape-ritoneal injection of dexamethasone(0.8 mg/kg).The blood sample was collected and fasting plasma glucose was tested weekly through tail vein.After all animals fasted for 12 h at the end of the 12th week,they were sacrificed and the levels of fasting insulin,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),triglyceride,total cholesterol and liver lipids were measured.The li-ver tissue and aortic immobilized sections were detected by HE staining.The expression of the proteins related to liver lipid metabolism and skeletal muscle MAPK signaling pathway was determined by Western blot.RESULTS:ST showed dose-dependently reduced serum lipids ,plasma glucose and TNF-α(P<0.05),delayed hepatocellular steatosis and atheroscle-rosis,and dose-dependently regulated hepatic lipid metabolism signaling molecules(HMGR and SREBP-2)and MAPK signaling molecules(ERK and p38)(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:ST has the biological potential of reducing blood li-pids and relieving IR.The mechanism may be related to the regulation of liver lipid metabolism and skeletal muscle MAPK signaling pathway.

Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 435-438, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358721


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects and mechanisms of Pongamia pinnata root flavonoids (PRF) on the experimental gastric ulcer induced by acetic acid and to study the mechanism of PRF on the quality of ulcer healing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The models were established by acetic acid erosion, the quality of ulcer healing of PRF on the model of gastric ulcer were observed. The contents of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in serum were determined by radioimmunoassay. The expression of EGF and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were detected by immunohistochemistry (SP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PRF significantly inhibited ulcerative formation induced by acetic acid (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). PRF could significantly increase the EGF and TGF-alpha (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) expression of para-ulcer mucosa tissue and improve the EGF contents in blood serum (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PRF increases the contents of EGF in serum and the expression of EGF and TGF-alpha in the tissue around gastric ulcer which might be one of possible mechanisms that PRF improves quality of ulcer healing.</p>

Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Acetic Acid , Epidermal Growth Factor , Blood , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gastric Mucosa , Metabolism , Millettia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Metabolism
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2286-2288, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324358


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of extract from Pongamia pinnata roots on experimental gastric ulcer and screen the effective fraction.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The models of gastric mucosa damage were induced by absolute alcohol in rats and reserpine in mice to observed the effect of ethyl alcohol extract from P. pinnata roots (PRE) and different parts on experimental gastric ulcer.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>PRE, acetic ether extract and n-butanol extract could significantly inhibit the gastric mucosa damage induced by absolute alcohol in rats and reserpine in mice. In absolute alcohol models the gastric ulcer rates of inhibition were 86.4%, 85.4%, 11.5%, respectively. In reserpine models the gastric ulcer rates of inhibition were 37.8%, 33.8%, 19.7%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PRE, acetic ether extract and n-butanol extract could significantly inhibit the gastric mucosa damage induced by absolute alcohol in rats and reserpine in mice. Acetic ether extract from P. pinnata roots has the best effect on experimental gastric ulcer.</p>

Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Rats , Anti-Ulcer Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Ethanol , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Millettia , Chemistry , Phytotherapy , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reserpine , Stomach Ulcer , Pathology