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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 105-109, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925454

ABSTRACT

Background@#In South Korea, there have been few nationwide epidemiologic studies about premalignant actinic keratosis (AK), squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen’s disease), nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), malignant melanoma of the skin (MM), Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), connective and soft tissue cancers, or mycosis fungoides (MF). @*Objective@#Using a nationwide population-based study, we attempted to measure the incidence and the prevalence of the above-mentioned tumors in South Korea. @*Methods@#The database we used included all claims in the Korean National Health Insurance program and the Korean Medical Aid program from 2008 to 2016. The International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) was used to record diagnoses in this database. This data included AK, Bowen’s disease, NMSC, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, and MF. @*Results@#The age-standardized incidence and prevalence rate of AK, Bowen’s disease, NMSC, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, as well as MF increased during the periods we investigated. The incidence and prevalence rate of AK and NMSC have increased two- to three-fold. In the case of Bowen’s disease, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, or MF, we observed no significant tendency in age-standardized incidence or prevalence. @*Conclusion@#We confirmed that the age-standardized incidence and prevalence rates of NMSC and AK tended to increase. These results might contribute to developing preventive and therapeutic strategies for skin cancers and may become a source for further studies.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875205

ABSTRACT

Background@#Refractory warts remain unresponsive to a variety of treatment modalities. A questionnaire survey that includes information regarding patients’ symptoms and history can provide a deeper understanding of the discomfort and difficulties experienced by patients. @*Objective@#We used a questionnaire to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment methods, and discomfort experienced by patients diagnosed with recalcitrant warts. @*Methods@#This survey was performed in patients with warts who first visited the Dermatology Department at Severance Hospital between March 1, 2018 and March 31, 2020. The questionnaire included information regarding age, sex, family history, disease onset, location and number of lesions, treatment history, and effectiveness. @*Results@#Among the 116 patients with recalcitrant warts included in this study, the mean number of lesions was 6.73; most lesions were observed on the hands and feet. The most common treatment performed previously included cryotherapy (89/116, 76.7%), followed by topical application of medications (69/116, 59.5%), and laser therapy (47/116, 40.5%). Of the total respondents, 60.3% (70/116) of patients admitted that previous treatment was ineffective, and 83.6% (97/116) of patients had one or more complaints secondary to the warts. @*Conclusion@#Treatment of recalcitrant warts should focus on selection of an optimal therapeutic option based on patients’ treatment history, discomfort, and effects on their quality of life. This study would serve as a guideline to establish a future classification and treatment algorithm for recalcitrant warts.

3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 18-25, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874123

ABSTRACT

Background@#Acral melanoma occurs on glabrous skin or the nail apparatus and is distinct from ultraviolet-related melanoma due to differing genetic alteration patterns. Although the pathogenesis of acral melanoma is not well understood, mechanical stress is thought to induce acral melanoma. The incidence of gene mutation and promoter methylation has been reported in tumors from acral melanoma; however, an association between genetic/epigenetic alterations and mechanical stress in acral melanoma remains unclear. @*Objective@#To investigate the relationship between clinical/genetic factors and mechanical stress in acral melanoma. @*Methods@#A retrospective review of 52 patients diagnosed with acral melanoma was performed. We reviewed the clinical characteristics of patients, tumor status, and tumor location. Mutations in BRAF, NRAS, and the TERT promoter, along with KIT amplification and PTEN promoter methylation were analyzed in the tumors. @*Results@#The heel (34/52, 65.4%) was the most common anatomical tumor site. Mutations in BRAF (6/48, 12.5%), NRAS (6/49, 12.2%), and the TERT promoter (4/33, 12.1%), along with KIT,/i> amplification (3/37, 8.1%) and PTEN promoter hypermethylation (12/48, 25.0%) were ob-served in the tumors. On the forefoot, heel, and hallux, PTEN promoter hypermethylation was significantly associated with Breslow thickness (p=0.001) and ulceration rate (p= 0.042). On the midfoot and lesser toes, there was no significant difference in Breslow thickness or ulceration rate regardless of PTEN promoter hypermethylation (p>0.05). @*Conclusion@#PTEN promoter hypermethylation is associated with Breslow thickness and tumor ulceration on the forefoot, heel, and hallux in acral melanoma in Korean patients.

4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 68-72, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874117

ABSTRACT

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic recurrent inflammatory condition presenting with painful, deep-seated abscesses and sinus tracts in multifocal locations. Rarely, longstanding inflammation in HS may lead to serious complications, such as cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (also termed Marjolin ulcer). Herein, we report a case of invasive cutaneous SCC arising from chronic ulcers of a HS patient. A 40-year old Korean male, a current smoker with 20 pack-year history, presented with a history of painful, recurrent, deep-seated abscesses and ulcers on the buttocks since his late teens, thus classified as Hurley stage III. A large purulent ulcer developed on the right buttock several months ago. Initial treatment was focused on controlling infection and facilitating wound healing. The lesion showed 50% reduction of size in 6 weeks, but also developed foul odor and showed fungating margins. Multiple skin biopsies were consistent with invasive SCC. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a few enlarged lymph nodes on the right inguinal area, which was confirmed as metastasis on frozen biopsy.Slow Mohs micrographic surgery and radical right inguinal lymph node dissection was done. Incidence rates of SCC aris-ing from HS have been reported up to 4.6%. To our knowledge, this is the first report of cutaneous SCC arising from HS in Korea. Our case emphasizes that the diagnosis of cutaneous SCC in HS should not be delayed, and early surgical intervention is crucial for better outcomes.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832664

ABSTRACT

Extramammary Paget’s disease (EMPD) is a rare malignant neoplasm of the apocrine sweat gland-bearing skin in the genital, perianal, or axillary region. EMPD may simultaneously occur in the genital and both sides of the axillae, termed as “triple EMPD,” which was first reported by Kawatsu and Miki in 1971. Since its first description, 28 Japanese and only 4 Caucasian cases of triple EMPD have been reported. Here, we present the first Korean case of triple EMPD in the groin and bilateral axillae in a 46-year-old female patient whose axillary lesions appeared consistent with seborrheic keratosis. This case emphasizes the need to consider EMPD in differential diagnosis when evaluating acanthotic axillary lesions since it can mimic benign lesions.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831115

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the clinical efficacy of immune checkpoint blocker (ICB) therapy for metastatic or advanced melanoma in Korean patients. As well, we assessed whether the effects of ICBs can be enhanced by combination therapy with palliative radiotherapy (RT). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of 127 patients with metastatic melanoma who received ICB with or without palliative RT between 2014 and 2018. The melanoma subtypes were classified as follows: chronic sun-damaged (CSD), acral, mucosal, and uveal. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). @*Results@#The overall ORR was 15%, with 11 complete and eight partial responses. ORRs for CSD, acral/mucosal, and uveal melanomas were 50%, 16.5%, and 0%, respectively (p=0.009). In addition to the subtype, stage at treatment, total tumor burden at treatment, and ICB type were significantly associated with ORR (all p < 0.05). Palliative RT was administered in 44% of patients during the treatment, and it did not affect ORR. Clinical responders to ICB therapy exhibited significantly higher 1-year progression-free and overall survival rates than nonresponders. @*Conclusion@#ORR for ICB monotherapy in Korean patients with melanoma is relatively modest compared with that in Western patients because the non-CSD subtypes are predominant in the Korean population. Our findings regarding combination therapy with ICB provided a rationale for the initiation of our phase II study (NCT04017897).

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894096

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Melanoma is a potentially fatal cutaneous malignancy and regional lymph node (LN) metastases are the most important predictors of mortality. This study aimed to analyze clinical features and risk factors of complications associated with inguinal LN dissection (LND) to establish treatment protocols. @*Methods@#This single-center retrospective study (2000 to 2018) consisted of patients who underwent inguinal area sentinel LN biopsy (SLNB) or LND due to malignant melanoma. Risk factors and outcomes were analyzed. @*Results@#One hundred patients underwent SLNB alone (n=67; patients with negative SLNB), complete LND (CLND) after positive SLNB (n=19), or radical LND without SLNB (n=14). Five-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates among these groups were 87.3%, 57.4%, and 61.9%, and 59.0%, 22.7%, and 28.1%, respectively. The complication rate in the SLNB alone group was lower than the other groups (22.4% vs. 47.4% and 35.7%, respectively; P=0.048). Seroma was the most common complication in the SLNB alone group (15.0%); lymphedema was most common in the CLND after SLNB group (21.1%). Multivariate analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications found the hazard ratio for body mass index >28 kg/m2 was 4.376 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.243–15.401; P=0.022). The hazard ratio for LND (including CLND after SLNB and radical LND without SLNB) was 3.263 (95% CI, 1.248–8.529; P=0.016). @*Conclusion@#Inguinal LND is a higher risk procedure compared to SLNB and other sites for postoperative complications, irrespective of meticulous surgical techniques. More studies are needed to establish treatment protocols (e.g., observation vs. CLND after a positive SLNB result) and the risks and benefits in Asian populations.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901800

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Melanoma is a potentially fatal cutaneous malignancy and regional lymph node (LN) metastases are the most important predictors of mortality. This study aimed to analyze clinical features and risk factors of complications associated with inguinal LN dissection (LND) to establish treatment protocols. @*Methods@#This single-center retrospective study (2000 to 2018) consisted of patients who underwent inguinal area sentinel LN biopsy (SLNB) or LND due to malignant melanoma. Risk factors and outcomes were analyzed. @*Results@#One hundred patients underwent SLNB alone (n=67; patients with negative SLNB), complete LND (CLND) after positive SLNB (n=19), or radical LND without SLNB (n=14). Five-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates among these groups were 87.3%, 57.4%, and 61.9%, and 59.0%, 22.7%, and 28.1%, respectively. The complication rate in the SLNB alone group was lower than the other groups (22.4% vs. 47.4% and 35.7%, respectively; P=0.048). Seroma was the most common complication in the SLNB alone group (15.0%); lymphedema was most common in the CLND after SLNB group (21.1%). Multivariate analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications found the hazard ratio for body mass index >28 kg/m2 was 4.376 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.243–15.401; P=0.022). The hazard ratio for LND (including CLND after SLNB and radical LND without SLNB) was 3.263 (95% CI, 1.248–8.529; P=0.016). @*Conclusion@#Inguinal LND is a higher risk procedure compared to SLNB and other sites for postoperative complications, irrespective of meticulous surgical techniques. More studies are needed to establish treatment protocols (e.g., observation vs. CLND after a positive SLNB result) and the risks and benefits in Asian populations.

9.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 669-672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762388

ABSTRACT

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant neoplasm of glands commonly occurs in salivary glands. Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma (PCACC) is a rare form of ACC that primarily presents on the skin. Herein, we represent a rare case of PCACC occurred in the umbilicus in a 66-year-old Korean male patient. The patient visited our center with erythematous indurated patch on the umbilicus diagnosed as ACC by incisional biopsy at another center. The diagnosis of PCACC was confirmed by additional histopathologic examination and imaging study. We proceeded Mohs micrographic surgery and reconstructed umbilicus with tacked purse string suture. Local recurrence and distant metastasis were not observed during 30-month follow-up. We report this rare case of PCACC on the umbilicus so that dermatologist can aware of the rare disease. Furthermore, we recommend MMS and tacked purse string suture as effective methods for treatment of PCACC and immediate umbilical reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Adenoids , Aged , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Mohs Surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Salivary Glands , Skin , Sutures , Umbilicus
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 513-521, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717774

ABSTRACT

Yonsei Dermatology celebrated its centennial in 2017, marking 100 years since Kung Sun Oh established the first Department of Dermatology and Urology in Korea in 1917. Following the footsteps of Kung Sun Oh, a pioneer of Korean dermatology, its members united and worked to provide the best medical service and achieve academic milestones in dermatology. Over the past hundred years, Yonsei Dermatology has played a pivotal role in the advancement of medical science and academia in Korea. The main activities of the department include medical care, education, and dermatologic research. Its research activities have encompassed a wide spectrum of dermatologic manifestations from skin immunology and pathology to introduction of newly developed treatment technologies. As Kung Sun Oh was the first Korean professor of dermatology at Severance Medical School and a passionate educator, we continue to serve his will by nurturing medical students and dermatology specialists to serve as global medical leaders. The Kung Sun Oh Memorial Lecture, first hosted in 1977, was the beginning of mutual international academic exchange in the field of dermatology in Korea. The memorial lecture has played a major role in advancing the academic status of Korean dermatological science by inviting distinguished dermatologists from around the world as guest lecturers. Yonsei Dermatology has played a key role in the history of modern medicine and dermatology in Korea over the last 100 years and continues to make an impact.


Subject(s)
Allergy and Immunology , Dermatology , Education , History, Modern 1601- , Humans , Korea , Pathology , Schools, Medical , Skin , Solar System , Specialization , Students, Medical , Urology
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1378-1387, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717515

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Melanoma is a highly heterogeneous neoplasm, composed of subpopulations of tumor cells with distinct molecular and biological phenotypes and genotypes. In this study, to determine the genetic heterogeneity between primary and metastatic melanoma in Korean melanoma patients, we evaluated several well-known genetic alterations of melanoma. In addition, to elucidate the clinical relevance of each genetic alteration and heterogeneity between primary and metastatic lesions, clinical features and patient outcome were collected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to clinical data, BRAF, NRAS, GNAQ/11 mutation and KIT amplification data was acquired from an archived primary Korean melanoma cohort (KMC) of 188 patients. Among these patients, 43 patients were included for investigation of tumor heterogeneity between primary melanoma and its corresponding metastatic lesions. RESULTS: Overall incidence of genetic aberrations of the primary melanomas in KMC was 17.6% of BRAF V600, 12.6% of NRAS mutation, and 28.6% of KIT amplification. GNAQ/11 mutation was seen in 66.6% of the uveal melanoma patients. Patients with BRAF mutation were associated with advanced stage and correlated to poor prognosis (p < 0.01). Among 43 patients, 55.8% showed heterogeneity between primary and metastatic lesion. The frequency of BRAF mutation and KIT amplification significantly increased in the metastatic lesions compared to primary melanomas. GNAQ/11 mutation showed 100% homogeneity in uveal melanoma patients. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrated heterogeneity between primary melanomas and corresponding metastatic lesions for BRAF, NRAS mutation and KIT amplification. However, GNAQ/11 mutation was genetically homogeneous between primary and metastatic melanoma lesions in uveal melanoma.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Genetic Heterogeneity , Genotype , Humans , Incidence , Melanoma , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Prognosis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134087

ABSTRACT

Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous neoplasm. Perianal Paget disease (PPD) is a subset of EMPD manifesting perianal lesions. Two cases of PPD in Severance Hospital are described in this article. A 65-year-old female and 78-year-old male patients visited our institution because of an unhealed perianal skin lesion despite treatment for a long period with topical agents. PPD was diagnosed by skin biopsies in both cases, and the patients underwent surgical treatment. Clinical manifestations, preoperative work-ups, and surgical treatments including different reconstruction methods are described in detail. As only sporadic PPD cases have been reported and no standard treatment has been established, we hope that our experience could contribute to improving the diagnosis and treatment of PPD patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Female , Hope , Humans , Male , Paget Disease, Extramammary , Skin
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134086

ABSTRACT

Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous neoplasm. Perianal Paget disease (PPD) is a subset of EMPD manifesting perianal lesions. Two cases of PPD in Severance Hospital are described in this article. A 65-year-old female and 78-year-old male patients visited our institution because of an unhealed perianal skin lesion despite treatment for a long period with topical agents. PPD was diagnosed by skin biopsies in both cases, and the patients underwent surgical treatment. Clinical manifestations, preoperative work-ups, and surgical treatments including different reconstruction methods are described in detail. As only sporadic PPD cases have been reported and no standard treatment has been established, we hope that our experience could contribute to improving the diagnosis and treatment of PPD patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Female , Hope , Humans , Male , Paget Disease, Extramammary , Skin
14.
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182976

ABSTRACT

Primary ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland (PDALG) is a rare tumor accounting for less than 2% of all tumors arising within the orbit. It is classified as a high-grade malignant epithelial tumor due to its variable biologic behavior and aggressive clinical course. Due to its rare incidence, the clinicopathologic profile is poorly identified and generally dependent on the few available reports and case series. Metastatic lesion of PDALG presenting as a skin lesion is very rare with only one previously reported case. We report here a case of metastatic PDALG that presented with cutaneous features. This case illustrates that such a rare malignant tumor may present to dermatologists, requiring prompt diagnosis and management with a multidisciplinary approach.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma , Diagnosis , Incidence , Lacrimal Apparatus , Orbit , Skin
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18924

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) is a subtype of melanoma that typically develops on sun-damaged skin. LMM is estimated to comprise 4~15% of melanomas, but the prevalence is known to be relatively lower in the Korean population than in the Caucasian population. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinico-pathologic features and treatment outcomes of Korean patients with LMM. METHODS: Nineteen patients diagnosed with LMM during 2003~2015, in the Yonsei University Health System, were included in this study. The age and sex of the patients, lesion location, thickness (Breslow), stage, treatment methods, BRAF, NRAS, and KIT mutation status, and survival rates were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 19 Korean patients, 11 were male and 8 were female. The median age was 59.2 years. The most common site was the cheek (47.4%), followed by the scalp, eyelid, nose, forehead, lip, and neck. At the time of diagnosis, 13 patients were in localized stages (5 patients, stage 0; 3 patients, stage I; and 5 patients, stage II) and 6 patients were in advanced stages (3 patients, stage III; and 3 patients, stage IV). Patients in the localized stages showed better overall survival (OS) than those in the advanced stages (p=0.012). Nine patients were treated with a wide excision, and 6 using Mohs micrographic surgery. Three patients received high-dose interferon-α therapy; 6, chemotherapy; and 4, radiotherapy. Two patients in stage 0 were treated with topical ingenol mebutate. Two patients had BRAF V600E mutation; 1, NRAS G12R mutation; and 1, KIT mutation. Median OS of the patients was 40.8 months. CONCLUSION: Our analysis provides additional information about clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of LMM in Korean patients.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Eyelids , Female , Forehead , Humans , Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle , Lentigo , Lip , Male , Melanoma , Mohs Surgery , Neck , Nose , Prevalence , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Scalp , Skin , Survival Rate
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 440-446, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141631

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) carries a translocation resulting in the collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) fusion gene, which is responsible for PDGFB activation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathological, genetic, and therapeutic features of DFSP in Korean patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological features of 37 patients with DFSP were reviewed. Multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out in 16 patients using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and specific primers for COL1A1 and PDGFB. RESULTS: The mean age of 37 patients was 37.4 years old. The most common tumor location was the trunk. All patients were treated primarily with surgery: 34 (91.7%) cases with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 3 (8.3%) cases with wide local excision. The median follow-up time was 33.7 months. Two patients, one in each treatment group, demonstrated local recurrence during the follow-up period. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion gene was expressed in 14 (87.5%) cases, demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. No association was found among the different COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcripts, the various histological subtypes and clinical features. CONCLUSION: Our results support the effectiveness of MMS in treating DFSP. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript was observed in 87.5% of patients. Therefore, COL1A1-PDGFB is a useful and accurate tool in diagnosing DFSP in Koreans.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asians/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , DNA Primers , Dermatofibrosarcoma/ethnology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mohs Surgery , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Republic of Korea , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Neoplasms/ethnology , Treatment Outcome
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 440-446, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141630

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) carries a translocation resulting in the collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) fusion gene, which is responsible for PDGFB activation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathological, genetic, and therapeutic features of DFSP in Korean patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological features of 37 patients with DFSP were reviewed. Multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out in 16 patients using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and specific primers for COL1A1 and PDGFB. RESULTS: The mean age of 37 patients was 37.4 years old. The most common tumor location was the trunk. All patients were treated primarily with surgery: 34 (91.7%) cases with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 3 (8.3%) cases with wide local excision. The median follow-up time was 33.7 months. Two patients, one in each treatment group, demonstrated local recurrence during the follow-up period. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion gene was expressed in 14 (87.5%) cases, demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. No association was found among the different COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcripts, the various histological subtypes and clinical features. CONCLUSION: Our results support the effectiveness of MMS in treating DFSP. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript was observed in 87.5% of patients. Therefore, COL1A1-PDGFB is a useful and accurate tool in diagnosing DFSP in Koreans.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asians/genetics , Collagen Type I/genetics , DNA Primers , Dermatofibrosarcoma/ethnology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mohs Surgery , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Republic of Korea , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Neoplasms/ethnology , Treatment Outcome
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