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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863546

ABSTRACT

Background:Patients with acute gouty arthritis experienc severe pain and often have concomitant limited joint movement. High-dose intake of anti-inflammatory analgesics often results in adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and might increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. In order to reduce the adverse reactions by oral intake, local use of externally useddrugs with the same active ingredients as the oral intake is an option in clinical practice. However, externally useddrugs take effect slowly and efficacy to reduce painful feelingis unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is demanding to develop a safe and effective treatment plan. In this regard, researchers have put up a hypothesis. The skin of the human body has a dense stratum corneum, which is difficult for externally used drugs to penetrate effectively; if the keratin barrier of the skin around affected joints can be broken without further damaging the skin, externally applied drugs may safely and effectively alleviate the local symptoms of acute gouty arthritis. The nano plum blossom needle is made of a modern new material. The needle body is thin and the diameter of the needle tip is only 300 nm. The needle is used clinically to break through the keratin barrier of the human skin and promote the absorption of external medicine. Therefore, this trial was designed to preliminarily evaluate the safety and effectiveness of using the nano plum blossom needle for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis.Methods:A randomized controlled trial including 83 patients with acute gouty arthritis was conducted, who was assigned to three groups, the intervention group, control group 1, and control group 2 in a ratio of 2:2:1, respectively. The nano plum blossom needle was used for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the intervention group; the nano plum blossom needle was used as a placebo along with the local use of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in control group 1; and the nano plum blossom needle was used alone in control group 2. The treatments were applied once a day until the pain was completely relieved and the course of treatment lasted up to 7 days. The primary outcome measurement was the visual analog scale for evaluating the degree of pain. The secondary outcome indicators included scoring of the symptoms and signs with comprehensive consideration of the joint skin color, local tenderness, and degree of joint motion, the time and dose of emergency medication usage during trial, and adverse events.Discussion:This trial couldprovide preliminary evidence for evidence-based practice of using nano plum blossom needle transdermal drug delivery technology for diclofenac diethylamine emulgel for the treatment of acute gouty arthritis, and provide a reference for sample size calculation and experimental design of future clinical trials verifying the effectiveness and safety of such a technical scheme in a larger target population.Registration information:This study has been registered in the China Clinical Trial Registry Centerwith the registration code of ChiCTR-IOR-17012154.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799237

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patients with acute gouty arthritis experienc severe pain and often have concomitant limited joint movement. High-dose intake of anti-inflammatory analgesics often results in adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and might increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. In order to reduce the adverse reactions by oral intake, local use of externally useddrugs with the same active ingredients as the oral intake is an option in clinical practice. However, externally useddrugs take effect slowly and efficacy to reduce painful feelingis unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is demanding to develop a safe and effective treatment plan. In this regard, researchers have put up a hypothesis. The skin of the human body has a dense stratum corneum, which is difficult for externally used drugs to penetrate effectively; if the keratin barrier of the skin around affected joints can be broken without further damaging the skin, externally applied drugs may safely and effectively alleviate the local symptoms of acute gouty arthritis. The nano plum blossom needle is made of a modern new material. The needle body is thin and the diameter of the needle tip is only 300 nm. The needle is used clinically to break through the keratin barrier of the human skin and promote the absorption of external medicine. Therefore, this trial was designed to preliminarily evaluate the safety and effectiveness of using the nano plum blossom needle for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis.@*Methods@#A randomized controlled trial including 83 patients with acute gouty arthritis was conducted, who was assigned to three groups, the intervention group, control group 1, and control group 2 in a ratio of 2:2:1, respectively. The nano plum blossom needle was used for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the intervention group; the nano plum blossom needle was used as a placebo along with the local use of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in control group 1; and the nano plum blossom needle was used alone in control group 2. The treatments were applied once a day until the pain was completely relieved and the course of treatment lasted up to 7 days. The primary outcome measurement was the visual analog scale for evaluating the degree of pain. The secondary outcome indicators included scoring of the symptoms and signs with comprehensive consideration of the joint skin color, local tenderness, and degree of joint motion, the time and dose of emergency medication usage during trial, and adverse events.@*Discussion@#This trial couldprovide preliminary evidence for evidence-based practice of using nano plum blossom needle transdermal drug delivery technology for diclofenac diethylamine emulgel for the treatment of acute gouty arthritis, and provide a reference for sample size calculation and experimental design of future clinical trials verifying the effectiveness and safety of such a technical scheme in a larger target population.@*Registration information@#This study has been registered in the China Clinical Trial Registry Centerwith the registration code of ChiCTR-IOR-17012154.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700476

ABSTRACT

Starting from the characteristics of nervous system,breaking the traditional subject-centered teaching model,combining the nervous system-related basic and clinical courses,Chongqing Medical University has established a nervous-module organ-system integration curriculum since 2010.This new teaching model is introduced and practiced in 5-year outstanding medical class of Chongqing Medical University.The new integrated curriculum guides students to learn knowledge from points to surface,helps them to combine knowledge vertically and horizontally,and simplifies the duplicate teaching content,so as to promote students to develop coherent and innovative thinking mode.Integrated curriculum pattern is an inevitable trend in medical education reform.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1084-1086, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691919

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of medication compliance in the patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN)and its influencing factors.Methods The cross-sectional survey method was adopted to investigate the status quo of medi-cation compliance among PHN patients in the pain clinic of the Southwest Hospital of Army Military Medical University from Janu-ary of 2014 to March of 2015.Then the influence factors of medication compliance were analyzed by using the using the Logistic re-gression method.Results A total of 396 PHN patients were included 52.3% of patients had good medication compliance,while 47.7% had poor compliance.The univariate analysis showed that the age,educational level,marital status,living condition,economic status,degree of pain,disease course,medical insurance reimbursement,adverse drug reactions and complicating other diseases were the factors affecting the medication compliance(P<0.05).The multivariate Logistic regression analysis results showed that the age,educational level,marital status,living condition,economic status,degree of pain,disease course,medical insurance reimburse-ment,adverse drug reactions and complicating other diseases were the factors affecting the medication compliance.Conclusion The medication compliance in the patients with PHN is not high,there are many factors affecting the medication compliance.It is recom-mended to carry out the health education,strengthen the psychological intervention of the patients and establish the follow-up medi-cation compliance system for improving the medication compliance.

5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 653-657, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512267

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the changes of Aβ expression and its related metabolic enzymes in the brains of AD and T2DM mice, so as to explore the possible mechanism of type 2 diabetes mellitus combined with AD.Methods Five-month-old APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, ob/ob mice and the wild-type control mice were employed in this study.Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, Elisa and Western blot were used to detect SP, Aβ and its related metabolic enzymes.Results A certain number of SPs were observed in the cerebral cortex and hip-pocampus of APP/PS1 mice;SPs were occasionally observed in the cortex of ob/ob mice, while no SP appeared in wild-type mice.Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels were significantly increased in APP/PS1 and ob/ob mice brains as compared with controls (P<0.05), thought both Aβ40 and Aβ42 levels in AD mice were significantly higher than those of ob/ob mice (P<0.05).APP expression level was highest in APP/PS1 mice among 3 groups, and its expressed higher in ob/ob mice than that of control mice (P<0.05).BACE1 expression was notably increased in APP/PS1 and ob/ob mice as compared with control(P<0.05), however, it expressed higher in APP/PS1 mice than ob/ob mice (P<0.05).The expression of Aβ degradation enzyme IDE was reduced in APP/PS1 and ob/ob mice(P<0.05), while lowest in ob/ob mice.Conclusions Overexpression of Aβ may be one of main reasons for T2DM combined AD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1712-1722, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243677

ABSTRACT

Targeted genome editing technology is an important tool to study the function of genes and to modify organisms at the genetic level. Recently, CRISPR-Cas (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated proteins) system has emerged as an efficient tool for specific genome editing in animals and plants. CRISPR-Cas system uses CRISPR-associated endonuclease and a guide RNA to generate double-strand breaks at the target DNA site, subsequently leading to genetic modifications. CRISPR-Cas system has received widespread attention for manipulating the genomes with simple, easy and high specificity. This review summarizes recent advances of diverse applications of the CRISPR-Cas toolkit in plant research and crop breeding, including expanding the range of genome editing, precise editing of a target base, and efficient DNA-free genome editing technology. This review also discusses the potential challenges and application prospect in the future, and provides a useful reference for researchers who are interested in this field.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488290

ABSTRACT

Objective The advantages of the treating allergic rhinitis (AR) by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture were evaluated.Methods Databases including CBMDisk, CNKI, WanFang, VIP, Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, ChiCTR, ISRCTN, ClinicalTrials.gov and CENTRAL were searched from the beginning of database established to Jan 2015. All issues from Jan 2004 to Jan 2015 published onjournals Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion,Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Acupuncture Research,Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion,Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology in Integrative Medicine were searched by hand at meantime. All data were extracted based on the inclusive and exclusive criteria which was pre-designed, the Revman5.3 was applied for meta-analysis, and the studies qualities were analyzed by grade score.Results 118 articles were collected, 7 studies that involving 1 230 patients met the inclusive criteria. The result indicated that the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture as the main treatment of AR showed the better total response rate compared to conventional drugs, theOR(95%CI) was 3.22(1.81 - 5.75); however the change of total symptom score had no statistical significant difference, the MD(95%CI) was 0.69 (-0.56 - 1.93), the change of IgE had no statistical significant difference,theSMD(95%CI) was -0.07 (-0.97 - 0.83).Conclusion The main treatment on AR by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture may has better efficacy than western medicine. But due to the methodological biases existed in most studies, future high-quality RCTs were needed to be included into Meta-analysis to test today’s study conclusion.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion and acupuncture on the common acupoints for life quality of patients with allergic rhinitis(AR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty patients with AR,who were in accord with the inclusive criteria,were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,40 cases in each one. Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion was used in the observation group. The needle was inserted into the gap between zygoma and mandibular coronoid process about 55 mm. Acupuncture was adopted on the main acupoints,Yingxiang(LI 20),Yintang(GV 29) or Fengchi(GB 20) in the control group. The course was four weeks. Follow-up was applied one month after treatment. Rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ),rhinitis symptoms scale and visual analogue scale(VAS) were evaluated at different time points before and after treatment,and follow-up was implemented to know the recurrence situation,satisfactory degree and adverse reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) RQLQ scores:along with treatment,the RQLQ scores were gradually apparently decreased in the two groups(<0.01),and the reducing trend from the first week to the second week of the observation group was more obvious than that of the control group. The differences of the RQLQ scores at all timepoints after treatment between the two groups were not statistically significant(all>0.05). The interaction of the time factor and the group factor had statistical significance(<0.01). (2) Rhinitis symptoms scores:along with treatment,the scores presented decreasing trend in the two groups(<0.01). The scores of the two groups after treatment and the interaction of the time factor and the group factor were not statistically different(both>0.05). (3)VAS scores:the VAS scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment(both<0.01). The differences before and after treatment were statistically significant(<0.01),with more change in the observation group(<0.05). (4)There was no statistical significance about the number of recurrence days between the two groups(>0.05). (5) Above 80 percent patients were content with the therapeutic method in each group,with no statistical difference(>0.05). (6)The method of the observation group spent less time. (7) Two patients with light adverse reaction came up in the observation group,but no special treatment was needed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion acquires more obvious short-term effect than conventional acupuncture. It spends less time to relieve symptoms and improves life quality.</p>

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 152-156, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480680

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore high concentrations of urea-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cell line( HBMECs) to produce inflammatory cytokines and possible mechanism .Methods HBMECs were incubated in high concentrations of urea or mannitol ( as osmotic control ) for 3,6,12 and 24 hours.Expression of TNF-αand iNOS was observed by immunofluorescence .Western blot analysis was employed to assess the protein expressions of TNF-α, iNOS, COX-2, NF-κB/P65 and p-P65.NO concentration was determined by a commercial NO assay kit . Results Immunofluorescence showed high positive immunostaining of TNF-αand iNOS after incubation in high concentration of urea stimulued as compared with control group .The protein expressions of TNF-α, COX-2 and p-P65 were significantly increased at 3 and 6 hours after high urea treatment (P<0.01), and iNOS was continued to increase from 3 to 24 hours ( P<0.01 ) .Moreover , NO content was increased at 3 hours after high urea treatment ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusions High concentration of urea can induce HBMECs to produce inflammatory cytokines .

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1461-1464, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the spinal cord injury, spinal cord transection and persistent placeholder damage on the influence of secondary neural cell apoptosis in rats.Methods: Select 60 healthy male Wistar rats, numbered after using the random number table method is divided into A (18,spinal cord contusion),B (18,spinal cord transection),C (18,continuous placeholder),D (6,control),E (6,the control group only) groups of five,were observed at the 1,4,7 D after 5 group of rats nerve cell apoptosis index, spinal cord tissue Bcl-2,the expression of Bax,caspase 3 protein.Results:A,B,C three groups of rats after building 1 d are gray and white matter positive markers, and the gray matter and white matter of three groups of rats nerve cell apoptosis index differences statistically significant ( P<0.05);4 d,7 d after building gray matter and white matter of three groups of rats tend to place increased ap-optotic cells in the spinal cord index ( P<0.05);in building 1,4,7 d group C after rat spinal cord grey matter and white matter of apoptotic cell index was significantly higher than that of group A and group B, group B were significantly higher in group A and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).1,4,7 d after building A,B,C,D,E five group rats the Bcl-2,Bax,caspase-3 protein expression differences were statistically significant (P<0.05),1,4,7 d after building A,B,C the Bcl-2 of three groups of rats, Bax,caspase-3 protein expression was significantly higher than that of group D and group E ( P<0.05).Conclusion: Secondary rats after spinal cord injury of nerve cells apoptosis,apoptosis time,severity,and damage type and severity.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464142

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy of sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture for moderate-to-severe perennial allergic rhinitis.MethodsA total of 50 patients were recruited into a sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group and a routine acupuncture group according to order of presentation, with 25 in each group. The sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group received sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with filiform needle, 1-2 sessions/week for 4 weeks. The routine acupuncture group received traditional acupuncture, withyingxiang(LI 20),yintang(GV29),fengchi(GB20),fengfu(GB16),zusanli(ST36) as the maln points, andyingxiang(LI 20),yintang(GV29),fengchi(GB20),fengfu(GB16),zusanli(ST36) as the adjunct points, 1-2 points from both the maln and adjunct points in each session, 2 sessions/week for 4 weeks. The nasal symptom score (2004 version), the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) and the total non-nasal symptom score (TNNSS) were used to evaluate symptom improvement. The Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnalre (RQLQ) was used to assess the patients’ quality of life. The time to symptom alleviation, duration of symptom alleviation in every session and the recurrence duration during 1 month after the treatment were compared between the two groups.Results After the treatment, the score of the nasal symptom score (99.74 ± 31.89vs.196.83 ± 31.22;t=-4.912,P=0.001), TNSS (33.63 ± 12.37vs.71.82 ± 19.21;t=-3.463,P=0.003), TNNSS (33.63 ± 12.37vs.71.82 ± 19.21,t=-3.463,P=0.003) in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation were significant lower than those in the routine acupuncture group. Compared with the routine acupuncture group, the time to symptom alleviation was significant shorter (13.85 ± 4.21 minvs.45.63 ± 7.87 min;t=-1.763,P=0.008), while the duration of symptom alleviation was significant longer (37.92 ± 9.94 hvs.3.35 ± 1.23 h;t=7.637,P<0.01) after each session in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group. Four weeks after the treatment, RQLQ score in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group was significant lower than that in the routine acupuncture group (8.48 ± 3.71vs.37.68 ± 12.46;F=-7.312,P<0.01). The recurrence duration during 1 month after the treatment in the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation group was significant longer than that in the routine acupuncture group (4.12 ± 2.15 dvs.23.53 ± 4.63 d;t=-8.879,P=0.003).ConclusionSphenopalatine Ganglion stimulation is superior to routine acupuncture in treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe perennial allergic rhinitis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573645

ABSTRACT

It is extremely necessary and important for colleges or universities to transform the education concepts that barricade students' initiative and creativity, especially the one that takes fi-nal examinations as sole standard to evaluate teaching and learning effects. In order to display and cultivate students' study ability more comprehensively, we manage to establish a set of formative eval-uation system for regional anatomy course , which involves tests and examinations and evaluations throughout the whole teaching and learning process. It solves the long-lasting problem that examina-tions are final purposes of teaching and learning, and thus, teaching values not only results but also learning process, which directs students' attention to conventional studies and helps develop good study habits, greatly reducing the randomness of final academic performances. The diverse assessment methods, along with accumulated assessment results, can improve students' learning effects through-out the whole semester. The fundamental purpose of this system is to inspire students' passion for study and creativity and monitor the teaching process.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of purging fu-organs traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)therapy for treatment of patients with severe pneumonia and sthenia-heat. Methods According to random number table method,71 patients with sthenia-heat of severe pneumonia were divided into a treatment group (35 cases)and a control group(36 cases). Conventional basic treatment was given to both groups,and additionally, small chengqi decoction was applied nasogastrically for the therapy in treatment group for 2 weeks. The clinical pulmonary infection score(CPIS),Marshall score,integration score of TCM syndromes and the mortalities in 28 days and 60 days were used to compare the clinical efficacy of the two groups. Results With the prolongation of treatment,the CPIS,Marshall score and integration score of syndromes in the two groups were gradually decreased. In treatment group,CPIS and Marshall scores were lower than those of control group on the 4th day ,and there were statistically significant differences(CPIS score:5.8±1.7 vs. 6.8±1.9,Marshall score:5.3±2.3 vs. 6.6±2.7,both P0.05). In addition,the integration scores of syndromes were significantly decreased on the 4th, 7th and 14th day in the treatment group significantly lower than those in the control group(4th day:7.6±2.3 vs. 10.6±2.7,7th day:7.4±2.5 vs. 9.2±2.1,14th day:6.1±1.9 vs. 8.3±2.4,all P0.05). Conclusion Purging fu-organs therapy not only can decrease the CPIS and Marshall scores of patients with sthenia-heat of severe pneumonia,but also can improve their syndromes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435084

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of electro-acupuncture on the expression and inhibition of DNA binding protein 2 (Id2) and myelin basic protein (MBP),and to explore the mechanism of remyelinization after compressive spinal cord injury (CSCI) in rats.Methods Fifty-four SD rats were randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group,and each was further subdivided into 3 time point subgroups:3,7 and 14 days.There were 9 rats in each subgroup.The CSCI models were made with a self-designed method.The acupuncture points Jiaji (EX-B2),bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Taixi (KI3) were selected for treatment.Electro-acupuncture (continuous wave,2 Hz,1.5 V)was applied to the bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Taixi (KI3) points.The control group received the injury but no treatment.The changes in the ultrastucture of the nerve fibers' white matter were de-termined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).The alterations in the expression of MBP and Id2 were observed by double labeled immunofluorescence and Western blotting on the 3rd,7th and 14th day after the injury.Results TEM showed that the myelin sheaths in the control group had degenerated,swollen,and even broken down after CSCI.Changes to the myelin sheaths in the treatment group were milder than those in the control group.The immunofluorescence results showed the amount of Id2-immunoreactive oligodendrocytes in the control group to be (20 ±2) on the 3rd day after CSCI,becoming (16 ± 1) on the 14th day.The differences among the 3 control subgroups were not statistically significant.The amount of Id2-immunoreactive oligodendrocytes in the treatment group was (13 ± 1) on the 3rd day,reaching a minimum the 14th day.The differences among the 3 treatment groups were statistically significant.The differences compared with the control group at the same time points were also statistically significant.Western blotting showed that the expression of Id2 in the contrast and treatment groups was (1.12 ±0.12) and (0.67 ±0.01) respectively on the 3rd day after CSCI,and both decreased with time.The expression of Id2 in both groups reached their minima ((0.86 ±0.02) and (0.25 ±0.01) respectively) on the 14th day.The difference between the treatment groups and the contrast group was statistically significant at each time point.The expression of MBP in the contrast and treatment groups at day 3 was (0.44 ± 0.02) and (0.67 ± 0.04) respectively,and these increased with time.The expression of MBP in both groups peaked at the 14th day (at (0.95 ± 0.04) and (1.74 ± 0.09) respectively).These differences were again statistically significant.Conclusion Electro-acupuncture can regulate the expression of Id2 and MBP after CSCI.The down-regulation of Id2 which controls MBP negatively and the up-regulation of MBP may contribute to remyelination in the injured spinal cord.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435075

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of demyelination and the alteration of chondrotin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG,NG2) expression after compression injury of the spinal cord (CSCI).Methods Seventy-five adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a sham-operation group,a CSCI 1 day group,a CSCI 3 day group,and a CSCI 7 day group.There were 15 rats in each group.The injuries in the CSCI groups were inflicted using a technique devised in our laboratory.Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) neurological function assessment was used to assess the rats' motor function,osmic acid staining and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM)were used to observe any pathological changes of myelinated nerve fibers in the white matter at 1,3 and 7 days after CSCI.The amount of myelinated nerve fibers in the posterior funiculus of the spinal cord and the ratio of myelin sheath thickness to axon diameter (the G-ratio) were calculated.Any alteration in NG2 expression was observed by Western blotting.Results The average neurological function assessment scores in the CSCI groups were (1.23 ±0.45),(0.65 ± 0.35) and (0.00 ± 0.00) respectively.Compared with the normal group (21.00 ± 0.00) and the sham operation group (21.00 ± 0.00),the differences were all statistically significant.The rats' motor function deteriorated gradually with time after the CSCI.Osmic acid staining showed that the white matter was intact in the normal and sham groups.After being compressed the myelinated nerve fibers became swollen,degenerated and broke down.The amount of myelinated nerve fibers in the normal group,the sham operation group and the three CSCI groups was (2771 ± 108),(2675 ± 199),(2403 ± 161),(1708 ± 70) and (8 10 ± 95) respectively.The amount of myelinated nerve fibers decreased in the CSCI groups and reached a minimum on the 7th day.The difference was statistically significant.The TEM quantity analysis showed that the G-ratios in the normal,sham operation,and CSCI 1 day,3 day and7 day groups were (18.10±0.4),(17.70±1.0),(6.69 ±0.8),(5.73 ±0.4) and (4.95 ±0.5) respectively.Compared with the normal and sham operation groups,the G-ratios in the 3 CSCI groups were lower and reached their minimum on the 7th day after injury.The difference was statistically significant.TEM observation showed that the axons and myelin sheaths were intact in the normal and sham groups.After CSCI the axons became swollen and cell organelles in the axoplasm degenerated and decreased.The layers of myelin sheath shrank,folded and even wrinkled,which had an onion-like appearance.The oligodendrocytes exhibited chromatin condensation.Macrophages showed infiltration.Western blotting showed that the expression of NG2 in the CSCI groups reached a maximum on the 1st day after injury and then decreased with time.The expression of NG2 in the CSCI groups was higher than in the normal and sham groups,and the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion Demyelination occurs after CSCI-the amount of myelinated nerve fibers decreases and neurological deficits increase with time.The expression of NG2 was associated with changes in the myelin sheaths after CSCI and contributed to recovery of the myelin sheath through proliferation and differentiation to oligodendrocytes and perhaps other kinds of cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 160-164, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430761

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate correlation between demyelination and caspase-12 expression alteration after compressed spinal cord injury (CSCI) so as to discuss mechanism of demyelinating lesion after CSCI.Methods Seventy-five adult SD rats were randomly divided into five groups,ie,normal group,control group,compression 1 d,3 d and 7 d groups,with 15 rats per group.Models of spinal cord compression were established with a self-made device.Ultrastructure of the demyelinated nerve fibers was observed by electronic microscope and oligodendrocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining and double labeling immunofluorescence.Immunoblotting was used to defect caspase-12 that was related to cell apoptosis.Results Demyelination of nerve fiber occurred after CSCI and was aggravated with time.Apoptosis of oligodendrocytes was found after CSCI,and showed significant difference between compression 7 d group and normal group (P < 0.05).Caspase-12 was also upregulated with extension of compression time.Conclusion Caspase-12 mediating oligodendrocyte apoptosis is one of the mechanisms of nerve fiber demyelination after CSCI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420429

ABSTRACT

This paper proposed the idea of building the applied anatomical experiment and research platform for surgical postgraduates with professional degree,establishing double-tutorial system and applying applied anatomical teaching in basis course learning,clinical skill training and research capacity cultivating after analyzing the reasons of poor applied anatomical background of surgical postgraduates with professional degree.These ideas were intended to improve the cultivation quality.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 795-800, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386199

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate whether degradation of anterior pharynx decfective-1(Aph-1) goes through proteasomal pathway or lysosomal pathway.Methods Various methods such as cell culture,Western blotting,pulse-chase metabolic labeling technique,double immunofluoresecnt staining,combined with proteasomal and lysosomal inhibition were used to check Aph-1 expression level in stable Aph-1-transfected or non-transfected neuronal(SH-SY5Y)cell line.Results Using Western blotting,treating the neuronal cells with proteasome specific inhibitors significantly increased the expression of both endogenous and exogenous Aph-1.The effect of the proteasome inhibitors on Aph-1 expression was dose-and time-dependent Lysosomal pathway was not involved in Aph-1 degradation. Pulse-chase metabolic labeling experiment showed that the turnover of newly-synthesized radiolabeled Aph-1 protein was blocked by Lactacystin.Double immunofluorescent staining revealed colocalization of Aph-1 and ubiquitin in the same cells.Conclusion Degradation of Aph-1 protein is mediated by proteasomal pathway in neuronal cells,and is not related to lysosomal pathway.Aph-1 protein is ubiquitinated before degradation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To define the localization of aquaporin-4(AQP4)and its mRNA expression in the pancreas.So as to pro- vide morphological basis for the secretory function and regulation mechanisms in the pancreas.Methods:Immunohistochemical (IHC)and in situ hybridization(ISH)staining techniques were used to evaluate the expression of AQP4 and mRNA expression in pancreas.Results:IHC showed that AQP4 and its mRNA were expressed in the membrane of pancreas islet cells;however light-coloured was expressed in the acinus cell.Conclusion:AQP4 might contribute to the precise regulation of water and ion balance in pancreas islet cells,which may be fluctuated during the process of synthesis and secretion of endocrine,but AQP4 might have little contribution to the secretion of pancreatin.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590244

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes of GRP78 expression in the Spinal Cord of Ischemia/Reperfusion Injuried Rat.Methods Fifty five adult Wistar rats(250~300 g)were randomly divided into 2 groups as control group(n=5)and operation group(n=50).The spinal cord SCII model was established.The expression of GRP78 was detected in spinal cord tissue through immunohistochemistry(IHC)and Western blot analysis,and the neuronal apoptosis was detected through terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)methods.Results The GRP78 expression was increased at 30 min of reperfusion,and peaked at 7 h,but began to decline at 11 h post-reperfusion,and reduced significantly at 23 h.The number of GRP78 positive neurons at 0.5,3,7,11 and 23 h groups was(19.4?1.34),(42.6?2.30),(82.4?2.07),(40.0?1.58)and(18.8?0.83),respectively and significantly higher than that of control group(P

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