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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488061

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of left ventricular myocardial perfusion after delivery of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) in rats with diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) by using ultrasound‐targeted microbubble destruction ( UTMD ) with real‐time myocardial contrast echocardiography( RT‐MCE) . Methods Among 64 male SD rats ,52 rats were randomly selected and were induced DCM by streptozotocin through intraperitoneal injecting ,the other rats as normal control group . DCM rats were randomly divided into the DCM model group ,aFGF only group ,SonoVue‐aFGF group and the SonoVue‐aFGF+ UTMD group in this study . The aFGF only group rats were injected with aFGF solution through tail vein ,the SonoVue‐aFGF group were injected with SonoVue‐aFGF solution through tail vein and SonoVue‐aFGF+ UTMD group rats were injected with SonoVue‐aFGF solution through tail vein and using UTMD simultaneously . All rats underwent conventional echocardiography and RT‐MCE exams before and 4 weeks after intervention . Left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) and left ventricular fraction shortening( LVFS ) were measured by conventional echocardiography . The plateau intensity ( A ) ,initial slope of the curve (β) and myocardial blood flow ( A ×β) of left ventricular anterior wall at the papillary muscle level were measured in left ventricular short‐axis view by RT‐MCE . Results Before intervention , LVEF and LVFS in the DCM model group ,aFGF only group ,SonoVue‐aFGF group and the SonoVue‐aFGF+UTMD group were significantly lower than in the normal control group ( P 0 .05) ,however A and A × β in the SonoVue‐aFGF+ UTMD group were significantly increased than those in the DCM model group( P < 0 .01) . Compared with the same group before intervention ,A and A ×βin the SonoVue‐aFGF+UTMD group were higher ( P <0 .05) and these in the DCM model group were lower during four weeks after intervention ( P < 0 .05) . Conclusions Acidic fibroblast growth factor delivered by using UTMD can improve the left ventricular myocardial perfusion in diabetic cardiomyopathy rats .

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1259-1265, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463095

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the mechanisms of fluctuant high blood glucose-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes. METHODS:SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group ( N) , stable high blood glucose group ( S) , fluctu-ant high blood glucose group ( F) and insulin group ( I) .Diabetic rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of strepto-zotocin (65 mg/kg) , and the fluctuant high blood glucose animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of ordinary insulin and glucose at different time points every day.The blood glucose fluctuation patterns of the animals in F group with-in 12 weeks were similar every day and no significant difference of the HbA1c concentration was observed compared with S group, indicating that the fluctuant hyperglycemia was successfully established in F group.The activity of superoxide dis-mutase ( SOD) and glutathione peroxidase ( GSH-Px) , and the content of malondialdehyde ( MDA) and nitric oxide ( NO) in the homogenate of the liver tissues were detected by colorimetry.The mRNA and protein levels of JNK, p-JNK, Bax and Bcl-2 were examined by RT-PCR and Western blot.RESULTS:After 12 weeks, the increases in the intakes of food and water, the urine output, and the abnormal liver function were observed in S group, I group and F group.Compared with N group, the MDA level was increased, the content of NO and the activity of SOD and GSH-Px were decreased, and up-regu-lation of JNK mRNA and p-JNK and Bax proteins, and down-regulation of Bcl-2 were also found in S group, I group and F group.The above effects were more obviously showed in F group.CONCLUSION:Oxidative stress activates JNK-MAPK signaling pathway, which is involved in fluctuant high glucose-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418538

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of oscillating blood glucose on apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells of diabetic rats and the role of oxidative stress.Methods Renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were cultured in vitro with stable high glucose or oscillating high glucose,and MTF assay was applied to the neasurement of cell proliferation.Streptozotocin induced diabetic model was established with SD rats and the oscillating high blood glucose animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of insulin and glucose at different time points every.day.12 weeks later 24 h urine protein (24hUP),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (Scr),superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA)were determined. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL),and immunohisto-chemistry was used to detect apoptosis associated gene Bax,Bcl-2,and NOX-4 expression in kidney.Changes in ultrastructure were observed.Results Oscillating high glucose may inhibit renal cells proliferation obviously when comparing with stable high glucose.In the rats with oscillating blood glucose rather than those with stable high blood glucose,there was a significant increase of BUN,Scr,24hUP,and MDA and a decrease of SOD[ (21.50 ± 1.72 vs 12.50 ± 1.85 )mmol/L,(97.51 ± 7.84 vs 82.12 ± 11.48 ) μmol/L,( 1.57 ± 0.09 vs 1.04 ± 0.12 ) mg/24 h,( 23.50 ± 1.87 vs 14.82 ± 2.96) nmol/ml,( 17.22 ± 1.12 vs 21.11 ± 1.80) U/ml,all P<0.05 ] ; cell apoptosis was intensified with the up-regulation of Bax and NOX-4 protein expression and down-regulation of Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cells; and more severe pathological damages were observed.ConclusionComparing with stable high blood glucose,oscillating high blood glucose induces more apoptosis and less proliferation of renal tubular epithelial cells and the mechanism may be related to the increased oxidative stress.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682734

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of cardiac function and myocardial apoptosis after limb ischemia reperfusion in rabbits.Methods Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:sham-operated control group (group SC),ischemia group (groupⅠ,8 hours of bilateral hind limb ischemia) and ischemia reperfusion group (group IR,4 hours of bilateral hind limb ischemia and 4 hours of reperfusion).Immunohistochemical studies and TUNEL were done to evaluate cell apoptosis.The SOD activity and MDA content in myocardial tissue and plasma LDH activity were determined. The left ventricular function were observed by physiology recording instrument.The cardiac histopathologic changes in experimental rabbits were observed.Results In group IR,the apoptosis index and expression of Bax were significantly increased compared with the other two groups.Similarly,ischemia reperfusion reduced SOD activity and enhanced LDH activity and MDA level,and the left ventricular function decreased in group IR.There was a positive correlation among the MDA content and the LDH activity,the expression of bax,the number of apoptosis cells.Under light microscope, myocardial impairment was found in group IR.Conclusion The myocardial injury occured and the left ventrieular function decreased after limb ischemia reperfusion,and they were associated with oxidative damage and apoptosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-578342

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the rapeutic effects of different acupoint combination applied with Rheumatoid Arthritis Cata-plasma on nuclear factor-? ? expression of CIA rats. Methods Induced arthritis rats back were endermic injected with type Ⅱ bovine collogen as animal models. There were five groups for comparison. NF-? ?, interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) of synovial cell clear supernatant liquid were observed. Results NF-? ?, IL-1? and TNF-? scores in therapy groups were steped down. The scores of systematic selection (distant and near coordination) of acupoints was the most close to normal group. Conclusion Rheumatoid Arthritis Cata-plasma can down-regulation the expression of nuclear factor-?? and correlated cell factor density of CIA rats synovial cell and repress positive feedback. Therapeutic effect of distant and near coordination of acupoints is better than distant selection and local selection of acupoints, probably by treating appearance and substance simultaneously to multitarget effect.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624784

ABSTRACT

According to current situation of the undergraduates'scientific research,proposal of establishing the systematic research capacity training program was given,and this program's effects on undergraduates at our school were analyzed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523681

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effect of L-arginine (L-Arg) on function and structure of mitochondria in ischemia-reperfusion (MRI) myocardial cells. METHODS: Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (n=10 in each), control group, MIR group and MIR+L-Arg group. The mitochondrial respiratory function, Ca~(2+) concentration ([Ca~(2+)]m), malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were determined. Meanwhile, the contents of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), total adenylic acid number (TAN) and energy charge (EC) in the myocardial tissue were respectively measured. Moreover, the ultrastructure changes in myocardial mitochondria were observed during MIR. RESULTS: The mitochondrial respiratory control rate (RCR), velocity 3 (V_3), SOD, surface density (Sv) and specific surface (?) in MIR+L-Arg group were higher than those in MIR group, velocity 4 (V_4), [Ca~(2+)]m, MDA, volume density (Vv), horizental diameter (Hd) were lower than those in MIR group. ATP, ADP, TAN and EC levels of myocardial tissue were higher than those in MIR group. There was no significant difference between MIR+L-Arg and control group in V_3, V_4, SOD, MDA, Vv, Sv, ?, Nv, Vd, AMP and TNA. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that L-Arg improves the function and structure of mitochondria in myocardial cells in the reperfusion injury after myocardial ischemia by decreasing oxygen free radical level and Ca~(2+) overload in the mitochondria. [

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528974

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects of fluctuant high blood glucose and stable high blood glucose on apoptosis and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cells and renal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic rats. METHODS: 24 SD rats were divided into 3 groups: control group, stable high blood glucose group and fluctuant high blood glucose group. Diabetic rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ, and the fluctuant high blood glucose animal model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of aspart and glucose at different time points every day. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL), and immunohistochemistry was used to detect apoptosis associated gene bax and bcl-2 expression in kidney. RESULTS: After 4 experimental weeks, a significant increase in cell apoptosis, up-regulation of Bax protein expression in kidney tubular epithelial cell and down-regulation of Bcl-2 in glomerular endothelial cell in fluctuant high blood glucose rats were observed compared with stable high blood glucose rats.CONCLUSION: Fluctuant high blood glucose induces more apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells than that in stable high blood glucose diabetic rats.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528909

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of L-arginine(L-Arg) on expression of bcl-2,bax mRNA during pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury(PIRI) in rabbits.METHODS: Single lung ischemia and reperfusion animal model was used in vivo.The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: sham operated group(sham,n=12),ischemia-reperfusion group(I/R,n=12) and I/R+ L-arginine group(L-Arg,n=12).Changes of several parameters,which included apoptotic index(AI),wet to dry ratio of lung tissue weight(W/D) and index of quantitative assessment of histologic lung injury(IQA),were measured at 300 min after reperfusion in lung tissue.Meanwhile the location and expression of bcl-2,bax mRNA as well as the ratio of bcl-2 mRNA/bax mRNA were observed.The lung tissue was prepared for light microscopic and electron microscopic observation at 60,180 and 300 min after reperfusion.RESULTS: As compared with I/R group,in intima and extima of small pulmonary artery,alveoli,and bronchiole epithelia,the expression of bcl-2 mRNA and the ratio of bcl-2 mRNA/bax mRNA were increased,and the expression of bax mRNA was decreased in L-Arg treatment group.The values of AI,W/D and IQA showed significantly lower than that in I/R group at 180 minutes after reperfusion in lung tissue(P

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