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Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 466-468,477, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790658


Objective To evaluate opioids utilization of cancer ached inpatients in the integrative traditional Chinese and western medicine hospital and provide suggestion for the rational utilization of opioids .Method DDDs ,DUI ,the distribution of cancer pain ,pain scores of the discharged patients and the utility of opioids were evaluated and analyzed by retrieving the medi-cal records from January in 2013 to December in 2014 .Results 292 medical records were selected and analyzed .Among them , 89 patients′pain score≥3 .The top opioids of DDDs were sufentanil citrate injection and fentanyl derivatives ,which is the main medication in treating the cancer pain patients .And the irrationaluseof fentanyl transdermal system was a common phenomenon among different departments .Conclusion Theutilization of opioids was basically rational ,but there still had some deficiencies . The intervention and management of narcotic drugs should be strengthened and deepened .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466594


Chemokines have corresponding expressions in different tumor growth,metastasis or inhibition,and they may become the important standard of diagnosis and markers of prognosis for tumor in the future.Application of chemokine is especially important for the evaluation of tumor in clinical.By means of the studies of different expressions of chemokines in various tumors,it will be more in-depth understanding of tumors in micro-fields.Combined with clinical,the appropriate methods and means on targeted treatment can be taken for different tumors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443528


Tumor microenvironment mainly consists of cancer cells,tumor associated fibroblasts,tumor associated macrophages,extracellular matrix and so on.The occurrence and development,recurrence and metastasis of cancer are closely related with its inflammatory microenvironment aroud.Many researches demonstrate that inflammatory induce the development of tumor,and at the same time it is always existed in the process of the progression of tumor.The mainly components of microenviroment have complex molecule network relationships with each other.Interdicting or disturbing one or several link of their relationships will contribute to the preventment of malignant phenotype and prognosis of cancer ceils.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 153-156, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428637


Objective To explore and compare the therapeutic effects of Fufangkushen injection and Aidi injection on improving quality of life for patients with advanced lung cancer. Methods 60 patients in late stage of lung cancer with pathological diagnosis were split into two groups randomly. 30 patients in Kushen group received Fufangkushen injection plus base therapy, 30 patients in Aidi group received Aidi injection plus base therapy.The data was analyzed on term of tumour size,clinical symptoms,Karnofsky score,cancer marker CA125,CEA,before and after treatment in two groups.The therapeutic effects were evaluated after two circles of treatment. Results Compared the short term therapeutic effect, Kushen group had the stability rate for 83.3 %(25/30),and 80.0 %(24/30) for Aidi group.There was no significant difference.(P>0.05).Compare the clinical therapeutic effect,Kushen group had the improving rate for 83.3 %(25/30),and 80.0 %(24/30) for Aidi group.There was no significant difference(P>0.05).Compare the Karnofsky score,two groups had equal increasing stability rate (P>0.05). Compare decreasing ratio of CEA and CA125 after treatment in two groups,there was no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion Fufangkushen injection and Aidi injection both have acceptable therapeutic effects in the treatment of patients with later stage lung cancer.The result is equal. As well as they have some other characters themselves to improve lung cancer related symptoms. Fufangkushen injection is better to improve symptoms of heat toxin, and Aidi injection is better to improve symtoms of deficiency Qi. For Fufangkushen injection, it can also adjust disorder of liver function and relieve pain.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449521


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-tumor effect of bufalin and its regulation on Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in orthotopically transplanted tumor of human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice. METHODS: Orthotopically transplanted tumor of human hepatocellular carcinoma was established in nude mice. The mice were randomly divided into five groups: high-dose bufalin-treated group (1.5 mg/kg), medium-dose bufalin-treated group (1 mg/kg), low-dose bufalin-treated group (0.5 mg/kg), adriamycin-treated group (8.0 mg/kg), and normal saline-treated group. After 25 days, mice were sacrificed. The tumor volume was measured, and the pathological changes of tumor tissues were detected by HE staining to observe the tumor necrosis degree. Cell morphological changes were also observed by an electron microscopy. Label index of tumor cell apoptosis was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were determined by immunohistochemical method. RESULTS: The tumor volume in the bufalin-treated groups was shrunk significantly compared with that in the normal saline-treated group (P<0.01). The survival time of the bufalin-treated groups was prolonged compared with that of the adriamycin-treated group and the normal saline-treated group P<0.05. Apoptotic characteristics could be seen in tumor tissues of the bufalin-treated groups. The label index of tumor cell apoptosis in the bufalin-treated groups (5.87+/-2.13, 8.86+/-2.96 and 10.60+/-3.42 in low-, medium- and high-dose groups respectively) was higher than that in the adriamycin-treated group (3.28+/-0.98) (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of Bax was up-regulated, while no changes were detected as to Bcl-2 protein in tumors of the bufalin-treated groups. CONCLUSION: Bufalin has significant anti-tumor effect on the orthotopically transplanted tumor of human hepatocellular carcinoma in nude mice. Its effect might be related to up-regulation of Bax protein and inducement of the tumor cell apoptosis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450003


OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of the establishment of the orthotopic transplantation tumor model of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice and its tumor biological characteristics. METHODS: H22 cells of hepatocellular carcinoma were inoculated to form ectopic transplanted model in mice by subcutaneous injection. Then the subcutaneous tumors were implanted into the liver of mice, and the orthotopic transplantation tumor model of hepatocellular carcinoma was established. RESULTS: The successful rate of the orthotopic transplantation tumor model was 95.6% and the spontaneous metastatic rate was 81.8%, the rate of mass ascites was 40.9% and the natural extinctive rate was 0%. The natural survival time in the orthotopic transplantation tumor model was 28 days and the proliferation of tumor in transplanted model was accelerated after 2 weeks or so. CONCLUSION: The orthotopic transplantation tumor model in mice is an ideal model for studying the metastatic mechanism and screening anti-tumor drugs for liver cancer, just because of its high successful rate and high spontaneous metastatic rate with no natural extinction.