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Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 975-979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010894


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical value of Dachengqi decoction in the treatment of sepsis complication with gastrointestinal dysfunction via gastric antrum cross-sectional area (CSA) measured by bedside ultrasound.@*METHODS@#A parallel group randomized controlled trial was conducted. A total of 80 patients with sepsis with gastrointestinal dysfunction admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from January 2021 to October 2022 were enrolled. According to whether patients agree to use Dachengqi decoction after admission, all patients were divided into Dachengqi decoction group (observation group) and conventional treatment group (control group) by 1 : 1 randomization, each group has 40 patients. Both groups were treated with fluid resuscitation, anti-infection, maintaining stable respiratory circulation, early nourishing feeding, promoting gastrointestinal motility, and regulating intestinal flora. The observation group was treated with Dachengqi decoction on the basis of western medicine, 30 mL decoction was taken in the morning and evening. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The CSA of the two groups was measured by bedside ultrasound before and after treatment. The gastric residual volume (GRV1 and GRV2) were calculated by formula and traditional gastric tube withdrawal method. The gastrointestinal dysfunction score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), intraperitoneal pressure (IAP), serum preprotein (PA), albumin (Alb), white blood cell count (WBC), procalcitonin (PCT), hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and incidence of aspiration were detected to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Dachengqi decoction, the correlation and advantages and disadvantages between CSA measured by bedside ultrasound and other evaluation indicators of gastrointestinal dysfunction in sepsis were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the indicators before treatment between the two groups, which were comparable. In comparison with the pre-treatment period, CSA, GRV, gastrointestinal dysfunction score, APACHE II score, IAP, WBC, PCT, and hs-CRP of the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased, PA and Alb were significantly increased, and the observation group decreased or increased more significantly than the control group [CSA (cm2): 4.53±1.56 vs. 6.04±2.52, GRV1 (mL): 39.85±8.21 vs. 53.05±11.73, GRV2 (mL): 29.22±5.20 vs. 40.91±8.97, gastrointestinal dysfunction score: 0.87±0.19 vs. 1.35±0.26, APACHE II score: 11.54±3.43 vs. 14.28±3.07, IAP (cmH2O, 1 cmH2O ≈ 0.098 kPa): 9.79±2.01 vs. 13.30±2.73, WBC (×109/L): 9.35±1.24 vs. 12.35±1.36, PCT (μg/L): 3.68±1.12 vs. 6.43±1.45, hs-CRP (mg/L): 24.76±5.41 vs. 46.76±6.38, PA (mg/L): 370.29±45.89 vs. 258.33±34.58, Alb (g/L): 38.83±5.64 vs. 33.20±4.98, all P < 0.05]. The length of ICU stay (days: 10.56±3.19 vs. 14.24±3.45) and incidence of aspiration (12.5% vs. 25.0%) were lower than those in the control group (both P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that CSA measured by bedside ultrasound was positively correlated with GRV2, gastrointestinal dysfunction score, APACHE II score, and IAP (r values were 0.84, 0.78, 0.75, 0.72, all P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with PA and Alb (r values were -0.64 and -0.62, both P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Dachengqi decoction can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of septic patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction, reduce systemic inflammatory response, improve nutritional status, and shorten ICU hospital stay. Bedside ultrasound monitoring of CSA is a simple, accurate and effective means to evaluate gastrointestinal dysfunction, which is worthy of further clinical promotion.

Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Pyloric Antrum , Sepsis/therapy , Plant Extracts , Procalcitonin , Albumins , Prognosis , Intensive Care Units , Retrospective Studies
China Pharmacy ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953719


OBJECTIVE To determine the contents of 11 components in Xueli zhike syrup, establish its chemometric method and provide reference for its quality control. METHODS HPLC method was established to simultaneously determine the contents of amygdalin, deapi-platycoside E, platycoside E, platycodin D3, euscaphic acid, tormentic acid, maslinic acid, corosolic acid, praeruptorin A, praeruptorin B and praeruptorin E in 12 batches of Xueli zhike syrup. The quality evaluation of 12 batches of samples was performed by chemometrics. RESULTS The 11 components had good linear relationships within their respective ranges (r≥0.999 1); RSDs of precision, reproducibility and stability (24 h) tests were all lower than 2.00%. The average recovery rates ranged 96.90%-100.01% (RSDs were all lower than 2.00%). Cluster analysis showed that 12 batches of samples were clustered into 3 groups. Principal component analysis showed that the first two principal components could represent 88.53% information of 11 components in Xueli zhike syrup. Partial least squares-discrimination analysis showed that euscaphic acid, amygdalin and praeruptorin A were the main potential markers affecting the quality of Xueli zhike syrup. CONCLUSIONS The established method can be used to control the quality of Xueli zhike syrup.

Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases ; (6)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588518


Objectives To examine sICAM-1 in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia(PCP) and the effect of TMP-SMZ therapy on its level and on pathological and immunological changes in rats.Methods 50 female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group(N group),PCP model group(PCP group) and TMP-SMZ therapy group(SMZ group).1 mg of dexamethasone was injected intramuscularly twice a week for rats in PCP and SMZ groups to induce PCP.Normal saline was injected for N group in the same way.When the infection was confirmed,TMP-SMZ was given to rats in SMZ group by 25 mg/(kg.d) for 5 days for 3 courses with an interval of 2 weeks.sICAM-1 in serum was detected by ELISA,and the pathological changes in lungs and liver and the Pc in alveoli of lungs were observed.Results The level of sICAM-1 in PCP and SMZ groups at the 3rd week [(1.847?0.50) ng/ml,(1.787?0.59) ng/ml] was lower notably than that at 0 week[(2.407?0.81) ng/ml,[(2.478?0.59) ng/ml respectively](P0.05).Conclusion The sICAM-1 level in rats was low but significantly increases after the induction of PCP.