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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 641-646, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between gene polymorphism of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and coal-burning endemic fluorosis in Guizhou Province.Methods:In 2018 and 2019, a case-control study was conducted in Bijie City, a typical coal-burning endemic fluorosis area in Guizhou Province, and 260 cases of coal-burning endemic fluorosis patients were selected as case group. According to the "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS 192-2008), the case group was divided into severe group (130 cases) and mild group (130 cases). At the same time, 130 cases without dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis symptoms were chosen as control group in Changshun County, a non-coal-burning endemic fluorosis area in Guizhou Province. Whole blood genomic DNA was extracted, and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR with TaqMan-MGB probe was utilized to type the OPG gene rs2460985, rs2073618, rs6469804 and rs6993813 four single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci of all samples, and genetic model analysis was performed to compare the frequency distribution of its alleles, genotypes and constructed haplotypes in control, mild and severe groups. Results:By Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test, the genotype frequencies of the four SNP loci all reached genetic balance in control, mild and severe groups ( P > 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the genotype frequency of OPG gene rs6469804 locus among the three groups (χ 2 = 10.615, P < 0.05), and the difference in the genotype frequency of this locus between the control group and the severe group was statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.784, P < 0.05). The results of genetic model analysis showed that in comparison between the control group and the severe group, the optimal genetic model of rs6469804 locus was the overdominant genetic model, the frequency distribution of genotypes AA + GG and AG in the control group and the severe group was statistically significant [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.94, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.16 - 3.23, P < 0.05], genotype AG was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis. In comparison between the control group and the mild group, the optimal genetic model of rs2073618 locus was the recessive genetic model, the frequency distribution of genotypes GG + GC and CC in the control group and the mild group was statistically significant ( OR = 3.17, 95% CI: 1.08 - 9.30, P < 0.05), genotype CC was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis. In comparison between the control group and the mild group, haplotypes C-C-G-T and T-G-A-C were risk factors for coal-burning endemic fluorosis (adjusted OR = 2.41, 1.98, 95% CI: 1.29 - 4.50, 1.22 - 3.23, P < 0.05); in comparison between the control group and the severe group, haplotype T-G-A-C was a risk factor for coal-burning endemic fluorosis (adjusted OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.14 - 3.07, P < 0.05). Conclusion:OPG gene rs6469804 locus genotype AG and rs2073618 locus genotype CC may be risk factors for coal-burning endemic fluorosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 547-551, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496589

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possible pathological role of mitochondrial apoptosis pathways and its factors in fluorosis-induced apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell strain (HepG2).Methods Under the stimulation of 1,3,6 and 9 mmol/L concentrations of NaF in vitro for 24 h (n =5),while normal control group was cultured under normal condition,the cytotoxicity was measured with MTT.The mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) was measured at both mRNA (n =5) and protein levels (n =6),respectively,by real-time PCR and Western blotting.The mitochondrial apoptosis related factors,such as B-cells lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2),Bcl-associated X protein (Bax),cytochrome C,caspase-9 and caspase-3 were measured at protein levels (n =6).Results After treated with 0,1,3,6 and 9 mmol/L NaF for 24 h,the cell absorbance of HepG2 cells was 0.307 ± 0.031,0.333 ± 0.028,0.230 ± 0.011,0.178 ± 0.001 and 0.152 ± 0.003,respectively,and the differences were statistically significant among groups (F =82.224,P < 0.01).After treated with 3 mol/L NaF for 24 h,the mRNA level of AIF was [(153.14 ± 5.41)%] which was increased compared to the control group [(100.00 ± 4.70)%,t =-4.73,P <0.05].Under the same condition,the protein levels of AIF,Bcl-2,cytochrome C in cytoplasm,caspase-9 and caspase-3 were (152.16 ± 47.30)%,(171.90 ± 51.52)%,(458.00 ± 19.48)%,(527.17 ± 200.67)% and (432.70 ±64.27)%,which were increased compared to those of the control groups [(100.00 ± 48.86)%,(100.00 ± 34.44)%,(100.00 ± 116.59)%,(100.00 ± 19.58)% and (100.00 ± 137.16)%,t =-3.80,-3.96,-15.76,-4.64,-5.06,all P < 0.05],while the protein levels of Bax and cytochrome C in mitochondrion were (24.66 ± 26.04)%,(72.99 ±45.34)%,which were decreased compared to those of the control groups [(100.00 ± 44.01)%,(100.00 ± 34.14)%,t =6.35,0.68,all P < 0.05].Conclusion The mitochondrial apoptosis pathway and related factors may be involved in NaF-induced cell death in HepG2 cells.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 559-563, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene polymorphism and endemic fluorosis.Methods In Bijie City,Guizhou Province coal-burning-borne high fluoride areas,148 patients with fluorosis were selected as endemic fluorosis group;in non high fluoride areas of Changshun County of Guizhou Province,134 healthy people were selected as control group.Short tandem repeats (STRs)-PCR was utilized to detected the FGFR2 rs35668561 and D10S14839 microsatellite polymorphisms in endemic fluorosis cases and controls.Results FGFR2 rs35668561 461 bp (22AG)allele frequency of endemic fluorosis group (1.01%) was significantly lower than that of the control group (3.36%,x2 =5.29,P < 0.05).FGFR2 D10S14839 286 bp (9GT),300 bp (16GT),310 bp (21GT) and 314 bp (23GT) allele frequency in the endemic fluorosis group were 14.53%,11.82%,16.89% and 8.11%,in the control group were 22.01%,6.34%,8.96% and 16.42%,the difference was statistically significant.Then 300 bp (16GT)and 310 bp (21GT)allele frequency of endemic fluorosis group was significantly higher than that of the control group (x2 =6.82,7.77,all P < 0.05),and 286 bp (9GT),314 bp (23GT) allele frequency of endemic fluorosis group was significantly lower than that of the control group (x2 =5.32,9.16,all P < 0.05).Conclusions FGFR2 rs35668561 and D10S14839 polymorphism are associated with endemic fluorosis.FGFR2 rs35668561 461 bp (22AG) allele may be a protective factor of endemic fluorosis.D10S14839 300 bp (16GT) and 310 bp (21GT) allele may be risk factors of endemic fluorosis,286 bp (9GT) and 314 bp (23GT) allele may be protective factors of endemic fluorosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 374-378, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454149

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between myeloperoxidase (MPO) genetic variation and coal-burning endemic fluorosis, and to understand the influence of integrated intervention including stove changes and health education on people’s health in the area. Methods In 2007, coal-burning endemic fluorosis disease areas were selected in Bijie City, Guizhou Province. No stove changes in Yachi Town, 150 patients with dental fluorosis were selected as fluorosis non-intervention group, and the intervention group was 150 patients in Changchun Town where the stoves were changed 2 years ago. The population in control group was selected in an area with non-endemic fluorosis in Changshun County. The mRNA expressions of MPO in leukoxytes were detected by real-time PCR. HepG2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into four groups: pGL3-A group, pGL3-G group, pGL3-Control group and pGL3-Basic group. pGL3-A and pGL3-G were recombinant plasmid, while pGL3-Basic as a blank control and pGL3-Control as a positive one. The internal reference plasmid pRL-TK co-transfected the HepG2 cells with pGL3-G, pGL3-A, pGL3-Basic and pGL3-Control, respectively. The influence of sudden change of MPO gene promoter on the gene transfection activity was evaluated by a dual luciferasereporter gene system. Results The expression level of MPO mRNA in peripheral blood leukocytes in non-intervention group(0.054 ± 0 . 003 ) were higher than control and intervention groups (0.019 ± 0.004,0.019 ± 0.003, all P0.05). After the MPO-463G/A locus genetic variation occured, the luciferase reporter gene expression level of the recombinant plasmid pGL3-G(0.753 4 ± 0.086 6) was higher than that of the pGL3-A(0.490 0 ± 0.022 3, P < 0.05). Conclusions The study on MPO gene promoter-463G/A locus has prompted that MPO gene allele may be a protective factor to coal-burning fluorosis. The integrated interventions have a role in the prevention and treatment of endemic fluorosis.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4432-4433, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458332

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the transfection efficiency between different transfection methods in human HepG2 and SGC7901/ADM cells so as to provide experimental basis for further study .Methods To electrons fect the enhanced GFP plasmid into HepG2 and SGC7901/ADM cells by lipofection and electroporation methods ,respectively .The survival rates and transfection efficiency were analyzed .Results The efficiency of eGFP vector transfected into HepG2 cells by lipofection was (23 .8 ± 2 .1)% , compared with lipofection method ,the efficiency of eGFP plasmid transfected by electroporation was up to (49 .6 ± 2 .5)% ,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0 .05) .The efficiency of SGC7901/ADM cells by lipofection was (25 .4 ± 1 .3)% ,com‐pared with lipofection method ,the efficiency of electroporation was up to(52 .6 ± 2 .1)% ,and the difference was statistically signifi‐cant(P<0 .05) .This study provides reliable test parameters for electransfection of HepG2 and SGC7901/ADM cells .Conclusion The transfection efficiency of large fragment vector is efficiently improved by electroporation .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254547

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the population genetics characteristics of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Gelao, Mulao, Maonan ethnic groups from Guizhou.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Minisequenceing and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were used to analyze 12 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of mitochondrial DNA in the 3 ethnic groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 30 haplotypes were detected in 156 samples. The distribution of H1, H23 had differed between Mulao, Maonan and Gelao, respectively, and so did M7 among the three groups. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Mulao, Maonan had respectively differed from Gelao and the difference was also statistically significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was a great similarity in the distribution of haplotypes of the mtDNA among the three ethnic groups, except for some difference in the distribution of certain haplotypes.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Ethnology , Genetics , China , Ethnology , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Genetic
7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3413-3415, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441769

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the distribution feature of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (M T HFR) gene polymorphism of Buyi ,Dong ,Miao nationality in Guizhou .Methods The MTHFR(677 and 1 298) genotypes of Buyi ,Miao and Dong healthy indi-viduals were determined by TaqMan-MGB probe genotyping method and constructed haplotypes .Results There were significant difference of MTHFR 677C/T genotype and allele frequencies among 3 groups(P 0 .05) .Buyi nationality had the lowest frequency in double wild homozygous type (677CC/1298AA) ,677TT/1298CC double mutation homozygous and 677TT/1298AC combination in above three minorities was not found .There were linkage disequilibrium between 677C/T and 1298A/C in Buyi and Miao nationality .Conclusion The genotypes frequencies of MTHFR 677T T/1298AC are significant differences among different regions and different ethnic groups .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between polymorphisms of FGFR2 and the susceptibility of breast cancer in Han population in Guizhou province.Methods:Genotyping was performed using PCR-sequence-specific primers(PCR-SSP)in 106 histologically confirmed breast cancer cases and 116 cancer-free controls.Results:The genotype frequencies of rs1219648 TT,TC,and CC were 50%,25.47%.and 24.53% in breast cancer cases and 29.31%,48.28%,and 22.41% in the controls.The gene frequencies of T in breast cancer cases and the controls were 62.74% and 53.45%.respectively.The gene frequencies of C were 37.26% and 46.55%.respectively.The distribution of allele and genotype frequencies of FGFR2 rs1219648 was statistically different between breast cancer cases and the controls(P<0.05).Conclusion:FGFR2 rs1219648 polymorphism influences the susceptibility of breast cancer.TT genotype might serve as a risk factor for breast cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380374

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether Helicobacter pylori CagA protein can control gastrin gene expression and the detailed mechanism. Methods First, pcDNA3. 1ZEO (-)/cagA7 was transfected into gastric cancer cell lines AGS and SGC-7901 cells. At the same time, culturing the Helicobacter pylori NCTC11637 and infecting AGS and SGC-7901 cells with it. Next, in the infected and transfecled AGS and SGC-7901 cells, respectively adding the JAK2 signaling pathway inhibitor AG490 and the ERK signaling pathway inhibitor U0126 to inhibit the two signaling pathway. Untreated gastric cancer cells and empty vector transfected cells as the control. Using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR to detect the levels of gastrin mRNA in transfected and infected cells. Results After AGS and SGC-7901 cells were transfected with pcDNA3. lZE0(-)/cagA7 and infected with NCTC11637, the results showed that the expression of gastrin mRNA increased significantly (P < 0. 05) in transfected and infected cells as compared with the control group, but after adding the inhibitor AG490 and U0126 respectively, the expression of gastrin mRNA decreased significantly(P<0.05). Conclution These results suggest that CagA may up-regulate the expression of the gastrin gene, and CagA is one of the important proteins in regulating gastrin gene expression. The ERK/MAPK and JAK/STAT signaling pathways may be involved in controlling of gastrin gene expression by CagA.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449484

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibition effects of Tianshen Yizhi Recipe (TSYZR), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on decreased expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and the neurotoxicity as well as lipid peroxidation induced by beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. METHODS: The SH-SY5Y cells were treated by a certain concentration of TSYZR, and then exposed to Abeta(25-35). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium reduction assay was carried out to understand the influences of the drugs on cellular viability. Expressions of nAChR subunits (alpha3 and alpha7) at protein and mRNA levels were detected by Western-blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Lipid peroxidation was measured by thiobarbituric acid to observe the capacity of antioxidant of the drugs. RESULTS: TSYZR at a safe concentration could increase alpha7 protein in the cells, inhibit decreased expressions of alpha3 and alpha7 nAChR subunit proteins, prevent lower expression of alpha7 mRNA in SH-SY5Y cells induced by Abeta, reduce the neurotoxicity and lipid peroxidation resulting from Abeta, but had no significant effect on the lower expression of alpha3 mRNA. CONCLUSIONS: TSYZR can up-regulate the expression of alpha7 nAChR subunit protein and prevent decreased expressions of nAChRs and neurotoxicity as well as lipid peroxidation induced by Abeta. This drug may play an important therapeutic role in treatment of Alzheimer disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the genetic polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) among the Han, Buyi and Miao populations in Guizhou and to provide genetic data for establishment of the genetic polymorphism bank of Guizhou Minorities.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The technique of polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to detect the genotype and allele frequencies at two mononucleotide sites (677 and 1298) of MTHFR among the Han population in Libo county, the Buyi population in Libo county and the Miao population in Leishan county.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the site of 677, the T allele frequencies were found to be 22.8%, 16.1%, 10.6%, for the Han, Buyi, Miao populations respectively. At the site of 1298, the C allele frequencies were 28.9%, 39.1%, 48.7% for the Han, Buyi, Miao populations respectively. The frequencies for the combined heterozygote of 677CT/1298AC were 16.66%, 22.7%, 11.1% for the three populations respectively. Moreover, one case with combined homozygote of 677TT/1298CC was seen in the Miao population.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The polymorphisms of the two mononucleotide sites (677 and 1298) of MTHFR are diverse in different populations. The C allele frequencies at the site of MTHFR 1298 of the Miao population in Leishan county and the Buyi population in Libo county are high, and the C allele frequency in the Miao population is higher than those hitherto reported in literature.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , China , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Male , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Sequence Analysis, DNA
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560910

ABSTRACT

Objective Study on methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase(MTHFR)gene polymorphism in coronary heart disease.Methods Detect the MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism by PCR-RFLP in 73 cases of healthy individuals and 87 cases of coronary heart diseas(CHD).Results At the site of 677,the T allele frequencies are 18.5%,36.1%,respectively,for healthy individuals and 87 cases of coronary heart disease.The frequecies of MTHFR CT genotype and T allel were significantly higher in disease groups.There are significant differences between disease group and control group(P

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557315

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between apolipoprotein J(ApoJ)gene polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods The exons 3、4、7、8 of ApoJ gene were screened by polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis(PCR-DGGE)in 61 type 2 DM patients and 60 healthy control subjects of Chinese population.Abnormal bands were sequenced.Results The deletion/insertion polymorphism site in exon 7 of the ApoJ gene on two subject groups had significant difference (P0.05).Conclusion ApoJ of exon 7 deletion/insertion polymorphism is one of the genetic marker of 2 DM and the ApoJ polymorphism may be associated with 2 DM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520046

ABSTRACT

Objective To reduce the birthrate of ?-thalassemia major and improve the quality of population. Methods 527 pregnant women and their spouses were screened at 12~26 weeks of gestation with hematological data to find out carriers of ?-thalassemia. The blood samples of the couples who were both carriers were analyzed with PCR-RDB method for prenatal gene diagnosis. The umbilical blood samples were examined to prove the results. Results There were 28 cases of ?-thalassemia out of 1054 individuals, the positive rate was 2.66%; the ratio of male to female was 1/1.15. As the result of prenatal gene diagnosis, among four fetuses at risk, one was completely normal while three were with ?-thalassemia major(one homozygous and two compound heterozygous) who were aborted within 2 weeks after prenatal gene diagnosis. Conclusions It suggests that the PCR-RDB assay is effective in preventing the birth of ?-thalassemia major and has clinical significance in improving the population quality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559147

ABSTRACT

Objective The frequency of G6PD deficiency in the Tujia nationality in Jiangkou,Guizhou was investigated.Methods In Oct.2002,227 male subjects were selected randomly from the local people,and NBT qualitative and G6PD/6PGD quantitative methods were used to detect G6PD deficiency in them.Results Among the 227 subjects,17 cases of G6PD deficiency were found.The gene frequency of G6PD deficiency was 0.0749.Conclusion There is a high incidence of G6PD deficiency in Tujia nationality in Jiangkou,Guizhou.The investigation will illustrate the distribution of G6PD deficiency in Guizhou,and provide some useful data for the preventing G6PD deficiency,directing clinical management,improving minority population diathesis and studying the origin of Tujia nationality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587224

ABSTRACT

0.05). Conclusion Two new polymorphic sites were found in CHRNA7 gene.There were not associated in pathsgenesis of SAD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586801

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms of exon3 of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ?4 subunit (CHRNA4) and sporadic Alzheimer's disease(SAD).Methods In 23 SAD patients and 30 people of normal control, exon3 of CHRNA4 was screened by PCR-DGGE and DNA sequencing.Results Three new genetic polymorphisms were found in the exon3 of CHRNA4: C104T, A136G, G169A.The frequnces of these three genes in SAD group were 35%,46%,61% respectively and in control group were 13%,13%,33% respectively. There were significant difference between two groups (all P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547180

ABSTRACT

control group,and showed statistically significant difference among three groups(P0.05).Conclusion Excessive fluorine intake may cause unbalanced free radical metabolism.It suggests that the intervention on fluorine intake will contribute to resume the balance of oxidation.

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