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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719720

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated whether irinotecan plus capecitabine improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with capecitabine alone in patients with human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) negative and anthracycline and taxane pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 221 patients were randomly assigned to irinotecan (80 mg/m2, days 1 and 8) and capecitabine (1,000 mg/m2 twice a day, days 1-14) or capecitabine alone (1,250 mg/m2 twice a day, days 1-14) every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was PFS. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in PFS between the combination and monotherapy arm (median, 6.4 months vs. 4.7 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63 to 1.11; p=0.84). In patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC, n=90), the combination significantly improved PFS (median, 4.7 months vs. 2.5 months; HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37 to 0.91; p=0.02). Objective response rate was numerically higher in the combination arm, though it failed to reach statistical significance (44.4% vs. 33.3%, p=0.30). Overall survival did not differ between arms (median, 20.4 months vs. 24.0 months; p=0.63). While grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was more common in the combination arm (39.6% vs. 9.0%), hand-foot syndrome was more often observed in capecitabine arm. Quality of life measurements in global health status was similar. However, patients in the combination arm showed significantly worse symptom scales especially in nausea/vomiting and diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Irinotecan plus capecitabine did not prove clinically superior to single-agent capecitabine in anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated HER2 negative MBC patients. Toxicity profiles of the two groups differed but were manageable. The role of added irinotecan in patients with TNBC remains to be elucidated.


Subject(s)
Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Capecitabine , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Global Health , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Humans , Neutropenia , Quality of Life , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Weights and Measures
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160279

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) on loco-regional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in pT1-2N1 patients treated with taxane-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical data of pathological N1 patients who were treated with modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy in 12 hospitals between January 2006 and December 2010. RESULTS: We identified 714 consecutive patients. The median follow-up duration was 69 months (range, 1 to 114 months) and the 5-year LRRFS, DFS, and OS rates were 97%, 94%, and 98%, respectively, in patients who received PMRT (PMRT [+]). The corresponding figures were 96%, 90%, and 96%, respectively, in patients who did not receive PMRT (PMRT [–]). PMRT had no significant impact on survival. Upon multivariable analysis, only the histological grade (HG) was statistically significant as a prognostic factor for LRRFS and DFS. In a subgroup analysis of HG 3 patients, PMRT (+) showed better DFS (p=0.081). CONCLUSION: PMRT had no significant impact on LRRFS, DFS, or OS in pT1-2N1 patients treated with taxane-based chemotherapy. PMRT showed a marginal benefit for DFS in HG 3 patients. Randomized studies are needed to confirm the benefit of PMRT in high risk patients, such as those with HG 3.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160275

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of supraclavicular lymph node radiotherapy (SCNRT) on N1 breast cancer patients receiving post-lumpectomy whole-breast irradiation (WBI) and anthracycline plus taxane-based (AT) chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a case-control analysis to compare the outcomes of WBI and WBI plus SCNRT (WBI+SCNRT). Among 1,147 patients with N1 breast cancer who received post-lumpectomy radiotherapy and AT-based chemotherapy in 12 hospitals, 542 were selected after propensity score matching. Patterns of failure, disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and treatment-related toxicity were compared between groups. RESULTS: A total of 41 patients (7.6%) were found to have recurrence. Supraclavicular lymph node (SCN) failure was detected in three patients, two in WBI and one in WBI+SCNRT. All SCN failures were found simultaneously with distant metastasis. There was no significant difference in patterns of failure or survival between groups. The 5-year DFS and DMFS for patients with WBI and WBI+SCNRT were 94.4% versus 92.6% (p=0.50) and 95.1% versus 94.5% (p=0.99), respectively. The rates of lymphedema and radiation pneumonitis were significantly higher in the WBI+SCNRT than in the WBI. CONCLUSION: We did not find a benefit of SCNRT for N1 breast cancer patients receiving AT-based chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Case-Control Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Irradiation , Lymphedema , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoplasm Metastasis , Propensity Score , Radiation Pneumonitis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167311

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genexol-PM is a Cremophor EL–free formulation of low-molecular-weight, non-toxic, and biodegradable polymeric micelle-bound paclitaxel. We conducted a phase III study comparing the clinical efficacy and toxicity of Genexol-PM with conventional paclitaxel (Genexol). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive Genexol-PM 260 mg/m² or Genexol 175 mg/m² intravenously every 3 weeks. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: The study enrolled 212 patients, of whom 105 were allocated to receive Genexol-PM. The mean received dose intensity of Genexol-PM was 246.8±21.3 mg/m² (95.0%), and that of Genexol was 168.3±10.6 mg/m² (96.2%). After a median follow-up of 24.5 months (range, 0.0 to 48.7 months), the ORR of Genexol-PM was 39.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 31.2 to 46.9) and the ORR of Genexol was 24.3% (95% CI, 17.5 to 31.1) (p(non-inferiority)=0.021, p(superiority)=0.016). The two groups did not differ significantly in overall survival (28.8 months for Genexol-PM vs. 23.8 months for Genexol; p=0.52) or progression-free survival (8.0 months for Genexol-PM vs. 6.7 months for Genexol; p=0.26). In both groups, the most common toxicities were neutropenia, with 68.6% occurrence in the Genexol-PM group versus 40.2% in the Genexol group (p < 0.01). The incidences of peripheral neuropathy of greater than grade 2 did not differ significantly between study treatments. CONCLUSION: Compared with standard paclitaxel, Genexol-PM demonstrated non-inferior and even superior clinical efficacy with a manageable safety profile in patients with metastatic breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Polymers , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101940

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eribulin mesilate was approved for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC), who had received at least two chemotherapeutic regimens, including anthracycline and taxane. On the other hand, the efficacy and safety information of eribulin in Korean patients is limited by the lack of clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase IV study, locally advanced or MBC patients were enrolled between June 2013 and April 2014 from 14 centers in Korea. One point four mg/m2 dose of eribulin was administered on days 1 and 8 of every 21 days. The primary endpoint was the frequency and intensity of the treatment emergent adverse event. The secondary endpoint was the disease control rate, which included the rate of complete responses, partial responses, and stable disease. RESULTS: A total of 101 patients received at least one dose of eribulin and were included in the safety set. The patients received a total of 543 treatment cycles, with a median of three cycles (range, 1 to 31 cycles). The most common adverse event was neutropenia (91.1% of patients, 48.3% of cycles). The frequent non-hematological adverse events included alopecia, decrease in appetite, fatigue/asthenia, and myalgia/arthralgia. The peripheral neuropathy of any grade occurred in 27 patients (26.7%), including grade 3 in two patients. Disease control rate was 52.7% and 51.3% of patients in the full analysis set and per-protocol set, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the feasible safety profile and activity of eribulin in Korean patients with MBC.


Subject(s)
Alopecia , Appetite , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Clinical Study , Hand , Humans , Korea , Mesylates , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neutropenia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129238

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this retrospective study, we compared the incidence of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or dural metastasis (LMCDM) in patients who received whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), partial radiotherapy (PRT), or no radiotherapy (RT) following resection of brain metastases from breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with breast cancer underwent surgical resection for newly diagnosed brain metastases in two institutions between March 2001 and March 2015. Among these, 34 received postoperative WBRT (n=24) or PRT (n=10) and 17 did not. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 12.4 months (range, 2.3 to 83.6 months), 22/51 patients developed LMCDM at a median of 8.6 months (range, 4.8 to 51.2 months) after surgery. The 18-months LMCDM-free survival (LMCDM-FS) rates were 77.5%, 30.0%, and 13.6%, in the WBRT, PRT, and no RT groups, respectively (p=0.013). The presence of a tumor adjacent to cerebrospinal fluid flow and no systemic treatment after treatment for brain metastases were also associated with poor LMCDM-FS rate. Multivariate analysis showed that WBRT compared to PRT (p=0.009) and systemic treatment (p < 0.001) were independently associated with reduced incidence of LMCDM. CONCLUSION: WBRT improved LMCDM-FS rate after resection of brain metastases compared to PRT in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Brain , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Meningeal Carcinomatosis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129223

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this retrospective study, we compared the incidence of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or dural metastasis (LMCDM) in patients who received whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), partial radiotherapy (PRT), or no radiotherapy (RT) following resection of brain metastases from breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with breast cancer underwent surgical resection for newly diagnosed brain metastases in two institutions between March 2001 and March 2015. Among these, 34 received postoperative WBRT (n=24) or PRT (n=10) and 17 did not. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 12.4 months (range, 2.3 to 83.6 months), 22/51 patients developed LMCDM at a median of 8.6 months (range, 4.8 to 51.2 months) after surgery. The 18-months LMCDM-free survival (LMCDM-FS) rates were 77.5%, 30.0%, and 13.6%, in the WBRT, PRT, and no RT groups, respectively (p=0.013). The presence of a tumor adjacent to cerebrospinal fluid flow and no systemic treatment after treatment for brain metastases were also associated with poor LMCDM-FS rate. Multivariate analysis showed that WBRT compared to PRT (p=0.009) and systemic treatment (p < 0.001) were independently associated with reduced incidence of LMCDM. CONCLUSION: WBRT improved LMCDM-FS rate after resection of brain metastases compared to PRT in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Brain , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Meningeal Carcinomatosis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129217

ABSTRACT

Metastasis of a phyllodes tumor to the stomach is an extremely rare condition with important clinical implications. A 44-year-old woman was initially diagnosed with a phyllodes tumor in her right breast in 2008, and subsequently presented to an out-patient clinic with dizziness on December 16, 2013. We found that she had severe anemia (hemoglobin levels, 6.7 g/dL), and we quickly performed esophagogastroduodenoscopy to identify the cause. This procedure revealed large ulcerofungating masses with active bleeding in the stomach. Histopathological examination revealed that the masses were consistent with phyllodes tumor metastases. In patients with a metastatic phyllodes tumor presenting as anemia, gastric metastasis should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses because overlooking the possibility might have dire consequences if cytotoxic chemotherapy were administered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Breast , Diagnosis, Differential , Dizziness , Drug Therapy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Outpatients , Phyllodes Tumor , Stomach
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129203

ABSTRACT

Metastasis of a phyllodes tumor to the stomach is an extremely rare condition with important clinical implications. A 44-year-old woman was initially diagnosed with a phyllodes tumor in her right breast in 2008, and subsequently presented to an out-patient clinic with dizziness on December 16, 2013. We found that she had severe anemia (hemoglobin levels, 6.7 g/dL), and we quickly performed esophagogastroduodenoscopy to identify the cause. This procedure revealed large ulcerofungating masses with active bleeding in the stomach. Histopathological examination revealed that the masses were consistent with phyllodes tumor metastases. In patients with a metastatic phyllodes tumor presenting as anemia, gastric metastasis should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses because overlooking the possibility might have dire consequences if cytotoxic chemotherapy were administered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Breast , Diagnosis, Differential , Dizziness , Drug Therapy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Outpatients , Phyllodes Tumor , Stomach
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170072

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine molecular subtype conversions in patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and analyze their clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included consecutive breast cancer patients who received NAC at the National Cancer Center, Korea, between August 2002 and June 2011, and had available data on estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) receptor status prior to NAC. Molecular subtypes, hormone receptor (HR) status, and ER and PR Allred scores before and after NAC were compared, and the long-term outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 322 patients, 32 (9.9%) achieved a pathologic complete response after NAC. HR+/HER2- tumors tended to convert into triple negative (TN) tumors (10.3%), whereas 34.6% of TN tumors gained HR positivity to become HR+/HER2- tumors. Clinical outcomes of molecular subtype conversion groups were compared against patients who remained as HR+/HER2- throughout. The HR+/HER2- to TN group had significantly poorer recurrence-free survival (RFS) (hazard ratio, 3.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60 to 7.85) and overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio, 3.73; 95% CI, 1.34 to 10.38). Patients who remained TN throughout had the worst outcomes (for RFS: hazard ratio, 3.70; 95% CI, 1.86 to 7.36; for OS: hazard ratio, 5.85; 95% CI, 2.53 to 13.51), while those who converted from TN to HR+/HER2-showed improved comparable survival outcomes. CONCLUSION: Molecular subtypes of breast cancers changed frequently after NAC, resulting in different tumor prognostication. Tumor subtyping should be repeated after NAC in patients with breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Humans , Korea , Receptors, Progesterone
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72549

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of surgery-radiotherapy interval (SRI) on outcomes in patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and adjuvant four cycles of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by four cycles of taxane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 to 2007, 397 eligible patients were diagnosed. The effect of SRI on outcomes was analyzed using a Cox proportional hazards model, and a maximal chi-square method was used to identify optimal cut-off value of SRI for each outcome. RESULTS: The median SRI was 6.7 months (range, 5.6 to 10.3 months). A SRI of 7 months was the significant cut-off value for distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and disease-free survival (DFS) using a maximal chi-square method. For overall survival, a significant cut-off value was not found. The patients with SRI > 7 months had worse 6-year DMFS and DFS than those with SRI ≤ 7 months on univariate analysis (DMFS, 81% vs. 91%, p=0.003; DFS, 78% vs. 89%, p=0.002). On multivariate analysis, SRI > 7 months did not affect DMFS and DFS. CONCLUSION: RT delayed for more than 7 months after BCS and adjuvant four cycles of AC followed by four cycles of taxane did not compromise clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Time-to-Treatment
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1363-1372, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109741

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether breast cancer subtype can affect locoregional recurrence (LRR) and ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and breast-conserving therapy (BCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 335 consecutive patients with clinical stage II-III breast cancer who received NAC plus BCT from 2002 to 2009. Patients were classified according to six molecular subtypes: luminal A (hormone receptor [HR]+/HER2–/Ki-67 < 15%, n=113), luminal B1 (HR+/HER2–/Ki-67 ≥ 15%, n=33), luminal B2 (HR+/HER2+, n=83), HER2 with trastuzumab (HER2[T+]) (HR–/HER2+/use of trastuzumab, n=14), HER2 without trastuzumab (HER2[T–]) (HR–/HER2+, n=31), and triple negative (TN) (HR–/HER2–, n=61). RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 7.2 years, 26 IBTRs and 37 LRRs occurred. The 5-year LRR-free survival rates were luminal A, 96.4%; B1, 93.9%; B2, 90.3%; HER2(T+), 92.9%; HER2(T–), 78.3%; and TN, 79.6%. The 5-year IBTR-free survival rates were luminal A, 97.2%; B1, 93.9%; B2, 92.8%; HER2(T+), 92.9%; HER2(T–), 89.1%; and TN, 84.6%. In multivariate analysis, HER2(T–) (IBTR: hazard ratio, 4.2; p=0.04 and LRR: hazard ratio, 7.6; p < 0.01) and TN subtypes (IBTR: hazard ratio, 6.9; p=0.01 and LRR: hazard ratio, 8.1; p < 0.01) were associated with higher IBTR and LRR rates. A pathologic complete response (pCR) was found to show correlation with better LRR and a tendency toward improved IBTR controls in TN patients (IBTR, p=0.07; LRR, p=0.03). CONCLUSION: The TN and HER2(T–) subtypes predict higher rates of IBTR and LRR after NAC and BCT. A pCR is predictive of improved IBTR or LRR in TN subtype.


Subject(s)
Biology , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Phenobarbital , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Trastuzumab
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1373-1381, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109740

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prognostic value of lymph node (LN) ratio (LNR) in patients with breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis is based on the data of 814 patientswith stage II/III breast cancer treated with four cycles of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by four cycles of docetaxel before surgery. We evaluated the clinical significance of LNR (3 categories: low 0-0.20 vs. intermediate 0.21-0.65 vs. high 0.66-1.00) using a Cox proportional regression model. RESULTS: A total of 799 patients underwent breast surgery. Pathologic complete response (pCR, ypT0/isN0) was achieved in 129 patients (16.1%) (hormone receptor [HR] +/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] –, 34/373 [9.1%]; HER2+, 45/210 [21.4%]; triple negative breast cancer, 50/216 [23.1%]). The mean numbers of involved LN and retrieved LN were 2.70 (range, 0 to 42) and 13.98 (range, 1 to 64), respectively. The mean LNR was 0.17 (low, 574 [71.8%]; intermediate, 170 [21.3%]; high, 55 [6.9%]). In univariate analysis, LNR showed significant association with a worse relapse-free survival (3-year relapse-free survival rate 84.8% in low vs. 66.2% in intermediate vs. 54.3% in high; p < 0.001, log-rank test). In multivariate analysis, LNR did not show significant association with recurrence after adjusting for other clinical factors (age, histologic grade, subtype, ypT stage, ypN stage, lymphatic or vascular invasion, and pCR). In subgroup analysis, the LNR system had good prognostic value in HR+/HER2–subtype. CONCLUSION: LNR is not superior to ypN stage in predicting clinical outcome of breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, the prognostic value of the LNR system in HR+/HER2–patients is notable and worthy of further investigation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118307

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The risk for lymphedema (LE) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) in breast cancer patients has not been fully understood thus far. This study is conducted to investigate the incidence and time course of LE after NCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who underwent NCT followed by surgery with axillary lymph node (ALN) dissection from 2004 to 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received breast and supraclavicular radiation therapy (SCRT). The determination of LE was based on both objective and subjective methods, as part of a prospective database. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 5.6 years, 132 patients had developed LE: 88 (28%) were grade 1; 42 (13%) were grade 2; and two (1%) were grade 3. The overall 5-year cumulative incidence of LE was 42%. LE first occurred within 6 months after surgery in 62%; 1 year in 77%; 2 years in 91%; and 3 years in 96%. In a multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.66; p < 0.01) and the number of dissected ALNs (HR, 1.68; p < 0.01) were independent risk factors for LE. Patients with both of these risk factors showed a significantly higher 5-year cumulative incidence of LE compared with patients with no or one risk factor (61% and 37%, respectively; p < 0.001). The addition of adjuvant chemotherapy did not significantly correlate with LE. CONCLUSION: LE after NCT, surgery, and SCRT developed early after treatment, and with a high incidence rate. More frequent surveillance of arm swelling may be necessary in patients after NCT, especially during the first few years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Lymphedema , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 339-343, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218644

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) has been shown to be safe and efficacious for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), pretreated with anthracyclines and taxanes. We assessed the efficacy and safety of weekly low-dose GP in patients with MBC. METHODS: We collected clinicopathological data from MBC patients who had been treated with gemcitabine, 800 mg/m2 plus cisplatin, 30 mg/m2 intravenously, on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks, between January 2001 and November 2011 in Korea. RESULTS: The analysis included 294 patients previously treated anthracycline-xand taxane-based chemotherapies prior to GP (median age, 48 years [range, 28-78 years]; median follow-up duration, 63.9 months). Seventeen patients (5.8%) discontinued GP because of toxicities. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.394.4 months) and the median overall survival (OS) was 27.7 months (95% CI, 17.6-37.8 months) months. Statistically significant factors for PFS were performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, > or =2 vs. 2 years; HR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.28-1.95, p1 year; HR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.13-1.95, p2 years; HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.36-3.14; p<0.001) and the presence of brain metastasis (HR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.27-3.61; p=0.004) were important factors for OS after GP treatment. CONCLUSION: Weekly low-dose GP chemotherapy appears safe and effective for heavily pretreated MBC patients.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Brain , Breast Neoplasms , Cisplatin , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Taxoids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90289

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a rare, malignancy-related complication that causes marked pulmonary hypertension, right heart failure, and death. We report on a patient with locally advanced breast cancer whose course was complicated by fatal PTTM based on clinical and laboratory findings.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Heart Failure , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Thrombotic Microangiopathies
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 289-295, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Preoperative chemotherapy has been used to increase the rate of breast conserving surgery (BCS) in Caucasian women. However, whether it would also increase the rate of BCS in Korean women has not been verified. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of preoperative chemotherapy to make BCS possible in Korean women who have locally advanced cancer without any increase of locoregional recurrence according to operation methods (BCS vs. mastectomy). METHODS: From August 2002 to April 2005, 205 patients with stage II or III breast cancer were enrolled in a phase III randomized trial of preoperative chemotherapy. Surgeons decided on the type of surgery (mastectomy or BCS) at initial diagnosis. By randomization, patients received four cycles of either docetaxel/capecitabine or doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by surgery and crossover to the other treatment as postoperative chemotherapy. RESULTS: The mean tumor size was 3.29 cm and the mean breast volume was 489 cc at diagnosis. After preoperative chemotherapy, clinical response was shown in 76.0% of the patients. Of the 71 patients planned for a mastectomy at initial diagnosis, 27 patients underwent BCS (38.0%). Clinical T stage after preoperative chemotherapy, pathologic T size and lymphatic invasion were correlated with conversion to BCS. In multivariate analysis, only lymphatic invasion showed statistical significance. Locoregional disease-free survival did not statistically differ between the two operation methods for the patients who were planned for a mastectomy at the initial exam. CONCLUSION: This study showed that preoperative chemotherapy also increased the rate of BCS, while avoiding any increase of locoregional recurrence in Korean women with locally advanced breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Random Allocation , Recurrence
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644259

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tracheal intubation stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, resulting in hypertension, tachycardia and sometimes critical complications, especially in patients with underlying hypertension, cardiovascular disease or cerebrovascular disease. In this study, we sprayed 4% lidocaine into the trachea before intubation, and observed the hemodynamic changes after tracheal intubation. METHODS: We randomly allocated 87 patients, whose ASA physical status was I or II, into three groups. The 4% topical lidocaine was sprayed before intubation at the following specific times: just before intubation (group 0), or 1 minute (group 1) and 2 minutes before intubation (group 2). For maintenance of anesthesia, TIVA (total intravenous anesthesia; propofol-remifentanil infusion with orchestra(R)) was used. We observed hemodynamic changes between the groups just after the intubation, as well as 1, 3 and 5 minutes after the intubation. Hemodynamic changes were also monitored in the same group. RESULTS: When the patients arrived at the operating room, we found no significant difference in heart rate and arterial pressure between the groups. However, heart rate after intubation in group 1 was significantly lower than group 0. The diastolic and mean arterial pressure just after intubation were lower in group 1 and 2 than in group 0. CONCLUSIONS: Spraying lidocaine 1 or 2 minutes before intubation was more effective than spraying it just before intubation for reducing hypertensive responses after intubation.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension , Intubation , Lidocaine , Operating Rooms , Sympathetic Nervous System , Tachycardia , Trachea
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104652

ABSTRACT

Performing a brachial plexus block is very useful for shoulder arthroscopic surgery. Several techniques for blocking the brachial plexus have been described with the purpose of improving the efficacy and minimizing the risk. The parascalene approach was introduced in 1979. This block approaches at the lateral border of the anterior scalene muscle and superior to the clavicle. At this level, the incidences of phrenic nerve paralysis and spinal or epidural anesthesia should be minimized. Previous studies have reported on ultrasound-assisted brachial plexus blocks, but few studies have applied this imaging technology to the parascalene region. We report here on 8 cases of parascalene brachial plexus block with using ultrasound guidance to show the clinical usefulness of this technology for conducting arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Ultrasound technology is valuable to anesthesiologists to localize nerves and the needle placement during the parascalene approach to block the brachial plexus for conducting arthroscopic shoulder surgery.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Epidural , Arthroscopy , Brachial Plexus , Clavicle , Incidence , Muscles , Needles , Paralysis , Phrenic Nerve , Shoulder
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143695

ABSTRACT

Post-thyroidectomy hematoma is a rare complication, but this complication is potentially life threatening and unpredictable.This complication requires emergency tracheal intubation, which is often difficult because of swollen tissues, poor visualization of the glottis and the distorted airway anatomy.Using the direct laryngoscopy with a Macintosh laryngoscope, we were unable to see even the epiglottis.Pentax-AWS (Pentax-AWS(R), Pentax, Japan) is a new video laryngoscope that provides an indirect view of the glottis and it has a tube channel in the right side of the blade.We were able to fully view larynx with a Pentax-AWS, and then we intubated the trachea immediately and easily.The Pentax-AWS could be a useful alternative device that overcomes the above mentioned difficulties.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Equipment and Supplies , Glottis , Hematoma , Intubation , Laryngoscopes , Laryngoscopy , Larynx , Thyroidectomy , Trachea
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