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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913764

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cadherin-11, a cell-to-cell adhesion molecule, is associated with higher tumor grade and decreased patient survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of cadherin-11 expression in the progression and prognosis of a newly diagnosed primary glioblastoma (GBL). @*Methods@#Between 2007 and 2016, 52 out of 178 patients diagnosed with a GBL and satisfied the following criteria: 1) a new primary GBL, 2) gross-total resection, 3) immunohistochemically-available tissue, and 4) standardized adjuvant treatment. @*Results@#In terms of staining intensity, the low-intensity cadherin-11 group showed longer progression-free survival (PFS) than the high-intensity cadherin-11 group (median PFS, 12.0 months [95% CI, 11.1-12.9] vs. median PFS, 6.0 months [95% CI, 3.7-8.3]; p<0.001). The low-intensity cadherin-11 group revealed longer overall survival (OS) than the high-intensity cadherin-11 group (median OS, 20.0 months [95% CI, 11.8-16.6] vs. median OS, 15.0 months [95% CI, 11.8-18.2]; p=0.003). The staining intensity of cadherin-11 was a statistically significant factor in PFS and OS in terms of univariate and multivariate analyses (univariate analysis: p<0.001 and p=0.005; multivariate analysis: p<0.001 and p=0.005). @*Conclusion@#Our clinical study demonstrates high cadherin-11 expression may be associated with poor PFS and OS for a newly diagnosed primary GBL.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833467

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKS) for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in patients who previously underwent radiotherapy, and analyzed the treatment outcomes over 14 years. @*Methods@#: Ten patients with recurrent NPC who had previously received radiotherapy underwent stereotactic radiosurgery using a Gamma Knife® (Elekta Inc, Atlanta, GA, USA) between 2005 and 2018. The median target volume was 8.2 cm3 (range, 1.7–17.8), and the median radiation dose to the target was 18 Gy (range, 12–30). The median follow-up period was 18 months (range, 6–76 months). Overall and local failure-free survival rates were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. @*Results@#: The NPCs recurred at the primary cancer site in seven patients (70%), as distant brain metastasis in two (20%), and as an extension into brain in one (10%). The recurrent tumors in seven of the 10 patients (70%) were found on the routine follow-up imaging studies. Two patients presented with headache and one with facial pain. Local failure after GKS occurred in five patients (50%) : two of whom died eight and 6 months after GKS, respectively. No adverse radiation effects were noted after GKS. The 1- and 3-year overall survival rates after GKS were 90% and 77%, respectively. The local failure-free survival rates at 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years after GKS were 80%, 48%, and 32%, respectively. The median interval from GKS to local failure was 8 months (range, 6–12). Univariate analysis revealed that using co-registration with positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was associated with a lower local failure rate of recurrent NPC (p=0.027). @*Conclusion@#: GKS is an acceptable salvage treatment option for patients with recurrent NPC who previously received radiation therapy. PET-CT and MRI co-registration for dose planning can help achieve local control of recurrent NPC.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831019

ABSTRACT

Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma (SNTCS), a very rare tumor, is known to be a heterogeneous with epithelial,mesenchymal, and neuroepithelial components and shows a very aggressive clinical course. Dueto the heterogeneity of this tumor, it is often misdiagnosed. No definitive treatment modality has been reportedbecause it is a very rare tumor. A 44-year-old man presented to a rhinologist with headache andnasal obstruction, and an intranasal tumor was found that invaded into the cranial cavity. He underwentcombined surgery with a rhinologist and a neurosurgeon following cognitive decline that worsened aftera transnasal biopsy. The patient was diagnosed with SNTCS and underwent radiotherapy. However, residualtumor was found during radiotherapy and additional chemotherapy was administered. Follow-upbrain MRI revealed no remnant or recurrent lesion. SNTCS is a tumor that has not yet been well researchedand should be further investigated for proper treatment.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively assessed the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus and analyzed the angiographic and clinical results with our 8-year experience. METHODS: Nine patients with intracranial DAVFs involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus underwent SRS using a Gamma Knife® (Elekta Inc., Atlanta, GA, USA) between 2009 and 2016. Five patients underwent SRS for residual DAVFs after embolization and four patients were treated with SRS alone. The median target volume was 1.9 cm3 (range, 0.8–14.2) and the median radiation dose of the target was 17 Gy (range, 16–20). The median follow-up period was 37 months (range, 7–81). RESULTS: Pulsating tinnitus (33%) was the most common symptom. DAVFs were completely obliterated in four patients (44%) and subtotally obliterated in five (56%). Six patients (67%) showed complete recovery of symptoms or signs, and three (33%) showed incomplete recovery. One patient experienced a recurrent seizure. Adverse radiation effects after SRS occurred in one patient (11%). The total obliteration rates after SRS were 16.7%, 37.5%, and 68.7% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively. The median interval from SRS to total obliteration of the fistula was 31 months (range, 12–38). The rates at which the symptoms started to improve were 40% at 1 month and 80% at 2 months after SRS. Symptoms started to improve at a median of 5 weeks after SRS (range, 3–21). CONCLUSION: SRS with or without embolization is a safe and effective treatment to relieve symptoms and obliterate DAVFs on the transverse-sigmoid sinus.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Radiation Effects , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Tinnitus , Transverse Sinuses
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739670

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The natural compound curcumin was known to inhibit migration and invasion of glioblastoma (GBM) cells. Fascin, a kind of actin-binding proteins, is correlated with migration and invasion of GBM cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate anti-migration and anti-invasion effects of curcumin via suppression of fascin expression in GBM cells. METHODS: U87 cell line was used as an experimental model of GBM. Fascin was quantified by Western blot analysis. And, the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), known to play an important role in migration and invasion of tumor cells, were analyzed by sandwich-ELISA. Migration and invasion capacities were assessed by attachment, migration and invasion assays. Cellular morphology was demonstrated by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: At various concentrations of curcumin and exposure times, fascin expression decreased. After temporarily exposure to 10 µM/L curcumin during 6 hours as less invasive concentration and time, fascin expression temporarily decreased at 12 hours (18.4%, p=0.024), and since then recovered. And, the change of phosphrylated STAT3 level also reflected the temporarily decreased pattern of fascin expression at 12 hours (19.7%, p=0.010). Attachment, migration, and invasion capacities consistently decreased at 6, 12, and 24 hours. And, immunofluorescence showed the change of shape and the reduction of filopodia formation in cells. CONCLUSION: Curcumin is likely to suppress the fascin expression in GBM cells, and this might be a possible mechanism for anti-migration and anti-invasion effects of Curcumin via inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Curcumin , Emigration and Immigration , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glioblastoma , Microfilament Proteins , Models, Theoretical , Phosphorylation , Pseudopodia , STAT3 Transcription Factor
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively assessed the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus and analyzed the angiographic and clinical results with our 8-year experience.METHODS: Nine patients with intracranial DAVFs involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus underwent SRS using a Gamma Knife® (Elekta Inc., Atlanta, GA, USA) between 2009 and 2016. Five patients underwent SRS for residual DAVFs after embolization and four patients were treated with SRS alone. The median target volume was 1.9 cm3 (range, 0.8–14.2) and the median radiation dose of the target was 17 Gy (range, 16–20). The median follow-up period was 37 months (range, 7–81).RESULTS: Pulsating tinnitus (33%) was the most common symptom. DAVFs were completely obliterated in four patients (44%) and subtotally obliterated in five (56%). Six patients (67%) showed complete recovery of symptoms or signs, and three (33%) showed incomplete recovery. One patient experienced a recurrent seizure. Adverse radiation effects after SRS occurred in one patient (11%). The total obliteration rates after SRS were 16.7%, 37.5%, and 68.7% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively. The median interval from SRS to total obliteration of the fistula was 31 months (range, 12–38). The rates at which the symptoms started to improve were 40% at 1 month and 80% at 2 months after SRS. Symptoms started to improve at a median of 5 weeks after SRS (range, 3–21).CONCLUSION: SRS with or without embolization is a safe and effective treatment to relieve symptoms and obliterate DAVFs on the transverse-sigmoid sinus.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Radiation Effects , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Tinnitus , Transverse Sinuses
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763097

ABSTRACT

Primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV) is rare, and the diagnosis is difficult to make because of its variable radiologic expressions. Early corticosteroid therapy often is effective. Herein we report the case of a 56-year-old man who had a well-enhanced cystic mass with severe edema in the right frontal lobe, which was initially felt to be a malignancy. Histologic examination of tissue removed at craniotomy revealed that it was a PCNSV. Despite early administration of corticosteroids, a new lesion developed within 3 days. The lesions responded to treatment with cyclophosphamide and corticosteroid.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Craniotomy , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Edema , Frontal Lobe , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Middle Aged , Vasculitis , Vasculitis, Central Nervous System
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717503

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of arachnoid granulations mimicking multiple osteolytic bone lesions. A 66-year-old woman was admitted to a local clinic for a regular checkup. Upon admission, brain CT showed multiple osteolytic lesions in the occipital bone. These needed to be differentiated from multiple osteolytic bone tumor. Subsequent brain MRI revealed that the osteolytic lesions were isointense to cerebrospinal fluid, hyperintense on T2-weighted image, hypointense on T1-weighted image, and with subtle capsules around the osteolytic lesions that were visible after gadolinium injection. A bone scan revealed no radiotracer uptake. The lesions were in both the transverse sinuses and the torcular herophili. With typical radiological appearances of the lesions, the osteolytic lesions were diagnosed as multiple arachnoid granulations. No further treatment was planned. A 1-year follow-up brain CT scan revealed no change. We should consider the possibility of arachnoid granulations when multiple osteolytic lesions are observed in the occipital bone.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arachnoid , Brain , Capsules , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gadolinium , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Occipital Bone , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Transverse Sinuses
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106737

ABSTRACT

Unruptured cerebral aneurysms sometimes present with visual symptomsdue to compression of the visual pathways. However, until now, unruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms presenting visual field defects have been extremely rare. The authors report the case of a 51-year-old woman who presented with left homonymous hemianopsia. Radiological findings demonstrated an ACoA aneurysm filled with thrombus, that was compressing the optic chiasm and post-chiasmal tract. The patient underwent clipping of the aneurysm, which resolved the visual field defect. In cases of visual field defects, an ACoA aneurysm should be included in the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Hemianopsia , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Aged , Optic Chiasm , Thrombosis , Visual Fields , Visual Pathways
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Aquaporin (AQP) is a recently discovered protein that regulates water homeostasis. The present study examines changes in AQP 1 and 4 in kaolin induced experimental hydrocephalic rats to elucidate the pathophysiology of water homeostasis in the disease. METHODS: Hydrocephalus was induced by percutaneous intracisternal injection of kaolin. The brain parenchyma and choroid plexus were obtained at 3, 7, 14 and 30 days after injection. Protein expressions of AQP 1 and 4 were measured by western blot, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) stains. RESULTS: In the choroid plexus of the kaolin-induced hydrocephalus group, AQP 1 expression identified by western blot exhibited sharp decrease in the early stage (55% by the 3rd day and 22% by the 7th day), but indicated a 2.2-fold increase in the later stage (30th day) in comparison with control groups. In the parenchyma, a quantitative measurement of AQP 4 expression revealed variable results on the 3rd and 7th days, but indicated expression 2.1 times higher than the control in the later stage (30th day). In addition, the IHC and IF findings supported the patterns of expression of AQP 1 in the choroid plexus and AQP 4 in the parenchyma. CONCLUSION: Expression of AQP 1 decreased sharply in the choroid plexus of acute hydrocephalus rats and increased at later stages. Expression of AQP 4 in the brain parenchyma was variable in the early stage in the hydrocephalus group, but was higher than in the control in the later stage. These findings suggest a compensating role of AQPs in water physiology in hydrocephalus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aquaporin 1 , Aquaporins , Blotting, Western , Brain , Choroid Plexus , Choroid , Coloring Agents , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Homeostasis , Hydrocephalus , Immunohistochemistry , Kaolin , Physiology , Rats , Water
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63838

ABSTRACT

Although chordomas are midline tumors, primarily intrasellar chordomas are extremely rare. In this report, the authors describe the case of a 68-year-old female with partial abducens nerve palsy in the right eye due to the intrasellar cystic tumor. After endonasal trans-sphenoidal surgery, intraoperative and histopathological findings confirmed the co-occurrence of an entirely intrasellar chordoma and pituitary adenoma. To our knowledge, the present case is the third reported case of an intrasellar chordoma with a pituitary adenoma.


Subject(s)
Abducens Nerve Diseases , Aged , Chordoma , Female , Humans , Pathology , Pituitary Neoplasms , Sella Turcica
12.
Neurointervention ; : 40-44, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730368

ABSTRACT

Blood-blister like aneurysms (BBAs) are challenging lesions because of their wide fragile neck. Flow-diverting stents (FDSs), such as the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED), have been applied to treat BBAs less amenable to more established techniques of treatment. However, the use of FDSs, including the PED, in acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) still remains controversial. We report a case of aneurysm regrowth following PED application for a ruptured BBA that overlapped the origin of the dominant posterior communicating artery (PCoA), which was successfully treated after coil trapping of the origin of the fetal-type PCoA. And, we discuss the clinical significance of the fetal-type PCoA communicating with a BBA in terms of PED failure.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Neck , Stents , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42455

ABSTRACT

Most craniosynostoses are sporadic, but may have an underlying genetic basis. Secondary and syndromic craniosynostosis accompanies various systemic diseases or associated anomalies. Early detection of an associated disease may facilitate the interdisciplinary management of patients and improve outcomes. For that reason, systematic evaluation of craniosynostosis is mandatory. The authors reviewed systematic evaluation of craniosynostosis with an emphasis on genetic analysis.


Subject(s)
Craniosynostoses , Diagnosis , Humans
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study used the intradural procedural time to assess the overall technical difficulty involved in surgically clipping an unruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm via a pterional or superciliary approach. The clinical and radiological variables affecting the intradural procedural time were investigated, and the intradural procedural time compared between a superciliary keyhole approach and a pterional approach. METHODS: During a 5.5-year period, patients with a single MCA aneurysm were enrolled in this retrospective study. The selection criteria for a superciliary keyhole approach included : 1) maximum diameter of the unruptured MCA aneurysm <15 mm, 2) neck diameter of the MCA aneurysm <10 mm, and 3) aneurysm location involving the sphenoidal or horizontal segment of MCA (M1) segment and MCA bifurcation, excluding aneurysms distal to the MCA genu. Meanwhile, the control comparison group included patients with the same selection criteria as for a superciliary approach, yet who preferred a pterional approach to avoid a postoperative facial wound or due to preoperative skin trouble in the supraorbital area. To determine the variables affecting the intradural procedural time, a multiple regression analysis was performed using such data as the patient age and gender, maximum aneurysm diameter, aneurysm neck diameter, and length of the pre-aneurysm M1 segment. In addition, the intradural procedural times were compared between the superciliary and pterional patient groups, along with the other variables. RESULTS: A total of 160 patients underwent a superciliary (n=124) or pterional (n=36) approach for an unruptured MCA aneurysm. In the multiple regression analysis, an increase in the diameter of the aneurysm neck (p<0.001) was identified as a statistically significant factor increasing the intradural procedural time. A Pearson correlation analysis also showed a positive correlation (r=0.340) between the neck diameter and the intradural procedural time. When comparing the superciliary and pterional groups, no statistically significant between-group difference was found in terms of the intradural procedural time reflecting the technical difficulty (mean±standard deviation : 29.8±13.0 min versus 27.7±9.6 min). CONCLUSION: A superciliary keyhole approach can be a useful alternative to a pterional approach for an unruptured MCA aneurysm with a maximum diameter <15 mm and neck diameter <10 mm, representing no more of a technical challenge. For both surgical approaches, the technical difficulty increases along with the neck diameter of the MCA aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Neck , Patient Selection , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Wounds and Injuries
15.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 87-90, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168432

ABSTRACT

We propose a double layered (intradural and epidural patch) duraplasty that utilizes Lyoplant and Duraseal. We examined a 47-year-old woman after decompression for thoracic ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament was performed in another hospital. On postoperative day 7, she complained of weakness in both legs. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection with cord compression. In the operative field, we found 2 large dural defects on the ventral dura mater. We performed a conventional fat graft with fibrin glue. However, the patient exhibited neurologic deterioration, and a postoperative MRI again showed CSF collection. We performed dorsal midline durotomy and inserted a intradural and epidural Lyoplant patch. She immediately experienced diminishing back pain postoperatively. Her visual analog scale and motor power improved markedly. Postoperative MRIs performed at 2 and 16 months showed no spinal cord compression or CSF leakage to the epidural space. We describe a new technique for double layered duraplasty. Although we do not recommend this technique for all dural repairs, double-layered duraplasty may be useful for repairing large inaccessible dural tears in cases of persistent CSF leakage refractory to conventional management.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak , Decompression , Dura Mater , Epidural Space , Female , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Humans , Leg , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microtomy , Middle Aged , Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament , Spinal Cord Compression , Spine , Tears , Transplants , Visual Analog Scale
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95431

ABSTRACT

Cavernous malformations (CMs), characterized by the presence of a hemosiderin rim and intralesional hemorrhage, are relatively common intracranial vascular malformations. Extralesional hemorrhages arising from CMs are seen in a minority of cases, but most of them show typical CM findings on magnetic resonance imaging. Here, the authors report two cases of pathologically confirmed CM presenting with unusual and large intracerebral hemorrhages, which were not surrounded by the typical hemosiderin rim. CMs presenting with large intracerebral hemorrhage should be considered in the differential diagnosis of massive intracerebral hemorrhages.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemorrhage , Hemosiderin , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Vascular Malformations
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78671

ABSTRACT

Postdural punctural headache (PDPH) following spinal anesthesia is due to intracranial hypotension caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, and it is occasionally accompanied by an intracranial hematoma. To the best of our knowledge, an intracranial chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) presenting with an intractable headache after a cervical epidural steroid injection (ESI) has not been reported. A 39-year-old woman without any history of trauma underwent a cervical ESI for a herniated nucleus pulposus at the C5-6 level. One month later, she presented with a severe headache that was not relieved by analgesic medication, which changed in character from being positional to non-positional during the preceding month. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a CSDH along the left convexity. Emergency burr-hole drainage was performed and the headache abated. This report indicates that an intracranial CSDH should be considered a possible complication after ESI. In addition, the event of an intractable and changing PDPH after ESI suggests further evaluation for diagnosis of an intracranial hematoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, Spinal , Brain , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Diagnosis , Drainage , Emergencies , Female , Headache , Headache Disorders , Hematoma , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic , Humans , Intracranial Hypotension , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt complication is a major obstacle in the management of hydrocephalus. To study the differences of VP shunt complications between children and adults, we analyzed shunt revision surgery performed at our hospital during the past 10 years. METHODS: Patients who had undergone shunt revision surgery from January 2001 to December 2010 were evaluated retrospectively by chart review about age distribution, etiology of hydrocephalus, and causes of revision. Patients were grouped into below and above 20 years old. RESULTS: Among 528 cases of VP shunt surgery performed in our hospital over 10 years, 146 (27.7%) were revision surgery. Infection and obstruction were the most common causes of revision. Fifty-one patients were operated on within 1 month after original VP shunt surgery. Thirty-six of 46 infection cases were operated before 6 months after the initial VP shunt. Incidence of shunt catheter fracture was higher in younger patients compared to older. Two of 8 fractured catheters in the younger group were due to calcification and degradation of shunt catheters with fibrous adhesion to surrounding tissue. CONCLUSION: The complications of VP shunts were different between children and adults. The incidence of shunt catheter fracture was higher in younger patients. Degradation of shunt catheter associated with surrounding tissue calcification could be one of the reasons of the difference in facture rates.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Catheters , Child , Humans , Hydrocephalus , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate plasma levels of endostatin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in normal subjects and in patients with pituitary adenoma and to evaluate change in these levels following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for pituitary adenoma. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood was collected from five patients with pituitary adenoma before SRS using Gamma Knife and at the 1 week and 1 month follow-up visits. Plasma endostatin and VEGF levels were measured using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 10 healthy volunteers as controls. RESULTS: Mean baseline plasma endostatin level (105.3 ng/mL, range, 97.0-120.2 ng/mL) in patients with pituitary adenoma was higher than that of the healthy controls (86.6 ng/mL, range, 71.3-98.2 ng/mL) (p=0.001). Mean plasma VEGF level was 89.5 pg/mL (range, 24.1-171.8 pg/mL) in patients with pituitary adenoma at baseline and 29.3 pg/mL (range, 9.2-64.3 pg/mL) in the control group (p=0.050). Plasma endostatin level changed to 106.6 ng/mL 1 week after SRS and decreased to 95.9 ng/mL after 1 month. Plasma VEGF level following SRS decreased to 74.1 pg/mL after 1 week and 79.0 pg/mL after 1 month. There was a trend toward decreased plasma endostatin and VEGF concentrations 1 month after SRS compared to baseline levels (p=0.195, p=0.812, respectively). CONCLUSION: Plasma endostatin and VEGF levels in patients with pituitary adenoma were significantly elevated over controls at baseline, which decreased from baseline to 1 month after SRS for pituitary adenomas.


Subject(s)
Endostatins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Pituitary Neoplasms , Plasma , Radiosurgery , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) detects various patterns, which can be attributed to many factors. The purpose of this study was to measure the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and highly specific protein [beta-trace protein (betaTP)] for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in CSDHs, and correlate the levels of these markers with the MRI findings. METHODS: Thirty one patients, treated surgically for CSDH, were divided on the basis of MRI findings into hyperintense and non-hyperintense groups. The concentrations of IL-6, IL-8, and betaTP in the subdural fluid and serum were measured. The betaTP was considered to indicate an admixture of CSF to the subdural fluid if betaTP in the subdural fluid (betaTP(SF))/betaTP in the serum (betaTP(SER))>2. RESULTS: The mean concentrations of IL-6 and IL-8 of the hyperintense group (n=17) of T1-WI MRI were 3975.1+/-1040.8 pg/mL and 6873.2+/-6365.4 pg/mL, whereas them of the non-hyperintense group (n=14) were 2173.5+/-1042.1 pg/mL and 2851.2+/-6267.5 pg/mL (p<0.001 and p=0.004). The mean concentrations of betaTP(SF) and the ratio of betaTP(SF)/betaTP(SER) of the hyperintense group (n=13) of T2-WI MRI were 7.3+/-2.9 mg/L and 12.6+/-5.4, whereas them of the non-hyperintense group (n=18) were 4.3+/-2.3 mg/L and 7.5+/-3.9 (p=0.011 and p=0.011). CONCLUSION: The hyperintense group on T1-WI MRI of CSDHs exhibited higher concentrations of IL-6 and IL-8 than non-hyperintense group. And, the hyperintese group on T2-WI MRI exhibited higher concentrations of betaTP(SF) and the ratio of betaTP(SF)/betaTP(SER) than non-hyperintense group. These findings appear to be associated with rebleeding and CSF admixture in the CSDHs.


Subject(s)
Cerebrospinal Fluid , Cytokines , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prospective Studies
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