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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-421, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Platelet function test (PFT) results and genotype hold unique prognostic implications in East Asian patients. The aim of the PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in Drug-Eluting Stent-treated Patients with coronary artery disease) consortium is to assess the clinical impact thereof on long-term clinical outcomes in Korean patients with coronary artery disease during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) including clopidogrel. @*Materials and Methods@#Searching publications on the PubMed, we reviewed clopidogrel treatment studies with PFT and/or genotype data for potential inclusion in this study. Lead investigators were invited to share PFT/genotype results, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes to evaluate relationships among them. @*Results@#Nine registries from 32 academic centers participated in the PTRG-DES consortium, contributing individual patient data from 13160 patients who underwent DES implantation between July 2003 and August 2018. The PTRG-PFT cohort was composed of 11714 patients with available VerifyNow assay results. Platelet reactivity levels reached 218±79 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity based on a consensus-recommended cutoff (PRU >208) was observed in 55.9%. The PTRGGenotype cohort consisted of 8163 patients with candidate genotypes related with clopidogrel responsiveness. Of those with cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype, frequencies of carrying one and two loss-of-function allele (s) (*2 or *3) were 47.9% (intermediate metabolizers) and 14.2% (poor metabolizers), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The PTRG-DES consortium highlights unique values for on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity and CYP2C19 phenotype that may be important to developing optimal antiplatelet regimens in East Asian patients.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 354-364, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926539

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives@#To compare the safety and efficacy of a new everolimus-eluting stent with an abluminal-coated biodegradable polymer (Osstem Cardiotec Centum) with those of the Xience Alpine stent (Xience). @*Methods@#This randomized, prospective, multicenter, parallel-designed, single-blind trial was conducted among patients with myocardial ischemia undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 21st September 2018 until 3rd July 2020. The primary efficacy endpoint was in-segment late lumen loss (LLL) at 270 days after the procedure and the primary safety endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. @*Results@#We enrolled 121 patients and analyzed 113 patients who finished 270 days of followup for the primary efficacy endpoint. The mean age of the participants was 66.8 years. As for the primary efficacy endpoint, LLL of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group was 0.09±0.13 mm and that of the Xience group was 0.12±0.14 mm (upper limit of 1-sided 95% confidence interval, 0.02; p for non-inferiority, 0.0084). This result demonstrates the non-inferiority of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum. As for the primary safety endpoint, MACE occurred in one patient (1.59% of the Xience group). Meanwhile, no MACE occurred in the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group. @*Conclusions@#The Osstem Cardiotec Centum is non-inferior to the Xience Alpine ® stent and is confirmed to be safe. It could be safely and effectively applied to patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893907

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#DENEX™ is a novel renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) system that is equipped with 3 electrodes that deliver radiofrequency energy to the renal nerves along renal arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RDN with DENEX™ in resistant hypertension. @*Methods@#This was an open-label, single-arm, multicenter, first-in-man pilot study. Between November 2016 and May 2018, a total of 16 patients were enrolled at 4 centers in South Korea. The inclusion criteria were systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥150 mmHg and use of 3 or more antihypertensive medications, including diuretics. The primary objective was the safety outcome of RDN with the DENEX™ system. The secondary objective was efficacy outcome based on changes of office, and 24-hour ambulatory SBP from baseline to 3 months. The patients underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) or duplex ultrasonogram before and 6 months after RDN. @*Results@#No major adverse events occurred after RDN for 6 month of follow-up period. There was no vascular complication either by CT or duplex ultrasonogram. The office SBP was significantly reduced from 164.6±11.6 mmHg at baseline to 142.0±20.4 mmHg (−24.4±24.4 mmHg, p=0.003) at 3 months. The ambulatory SBP was reduced from 151.44±12.85 mmHg at baseline to 140.0±16.5 mmHg (−13.1±18.9 mmHg, p=0.056) at 3 months. @*Conclusion@#RDN with the DENEX™ system showed a favorable safety profile in resistant hypertension. A significant reduction in office SBP and a borderline reduction in ambulatory SBP were observed.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 336-348, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893876

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Smoking is well-established as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, recent studies demonstrated favorable results, including reduced mortality, among smokers, which are referred to as the “smoker's paradox”. This study examined the impact of smoking on clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Patients with AMI undergoing PCI between 2004 and 2014 were enrolled and classified according to smoking status. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization. @*Results@#Among the 10,683 patients, 4,352 (40.7%) were current smokers. Smokers were 10.7 years younger and less likely to have comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, stroke, and prior PCI. Smokers had less MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 0.644; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.594–0.698; p<0.001) and cardiac death (HR, 0.494; 95% CI, 0.443–0.551; p<0.001) compared to nonsmokers during the 5 years in an unadjusted model. However, after propensity-score matching, smokers showed higher risk of MACE (HR, 1.125; 95% CI, 1.009–1.254; p=0.034) and cardiac death (HR, 1.190; 95% CI, 1.026–1.381; p=0.022). Smoking was a strong independent predictor of lung cancer (propensityscore matched HR, 2.749; 95% CI, 1.416–5.338; p=0.003). @*Conclusions@#In contrast to the unadjusted model, smoking is associated with worse cardiovascular outcome and higher incidence of lung cancer after adjustment of various confounding factors. This result can be explained by the characteristics of smokers, which were young and had fewer comorbidities.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 289-307, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893868

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a fatal manifestation of ischemic heart disease and remains a major public health concern worldwide despite advances in its diagnosis and management. The characteristics of patients with AMI, as well as its disease patterns,have gradually changed over time in Korea, and the outcomes of revascularization have improved dramatically. Several characteristics associated with the revascularization of Korean patients differ from those of patients in other countries. The sophisticated state of AMI revascularization in Korea has led to the need for a Korean expert consensus. The Task Force on Expert Consensus Document of the Korean Society of Myocardial Infarction has comprehensively reviewed the outcomes of large clinical trials and current practical guidelines, as well as studies on Korean patients with AMI. Based on these comprehensive reviews, the members of the task force summarize the major guidelines and recent publications, and propose an expert consensus for revascularization in patients with AMI.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901611

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#DENEX™ is a novel renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) system that is equipped with 3 electrodes that deliver radiofrequency energy to the renal nerves along renal arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RDN with DENEX™ in resistant hypertension. @*Methods@#This was an open-label, single-arm, multicenter, first-in-man pilot study. Between November 2016 and May 2018, a total of 16 patients were enrolled at 4 centers in South Korea. The inclusion criteria were systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥150 mmHg and use of 3 or more antihypertensive medications, including diuretics. The primary objective was the safety outcome of RDN with the DENEX™ system. The secondary objective was efficacy outcome based on changes of office, and 24-hour ambulatory SBP from baseline to 3 months. The patients underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) or duplex ultrasonogram before and 6 months after RDN. @*Results@#No major adverse events occurred after RDN for 6 month of follow-up period. There was no vascular complication either by CT or duplex ultrasonogram. The office SBP was significantly reduced from 164.6±11.6 mmHg at baseline to 142.0±20.4 mmHg (−24.4±24.4 mmHg, p=0.003) at 3 months. The ambulatory SBP was reduced from 151.44±12.85 mmHg at baseline to 140.0±16.5 mmHg (−13.1±18.9 mmHg, p=0.056) at 3 months. @*Conclusion@#RDN with the DENEX™ system showed a favorable safety profile in resistant hypertension. A significant reduction in office SBP and a borderline reduction in ambulatory SBP were observed.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 336-348, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901580

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Smoking is well-established as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, recent studies demonstrated favorable results, including reduced mortality, among smokers, which are referred to as the “smoker's paradox”. This study examined the impact of smoking on clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Patients with AMI undergoing PCI between 2004 and 2014 were enrolled and classified according to smoking status. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization. @*Results@#Among the 10,683 patients, 4,352 (40.7%) were current smokers. Smokers were 10.7 years younger and less likely to have comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, stroke, and prior PCI. Smokers had less MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 0.644; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.594–0.698; p<0.001) and cardiac death (HR, 0.494; 95% CI, 0.443–0.551; p<0.001) compared to nonsmokers during the 5 years in an unadjusted model. However, after propensity-score matching, smokers showed higher risk of MACE (HR, 1.125; 95% CI, 1.009–1.254; p=0.034) and cardiac death (HR, 1.190; 95% CI, 1.026–1.381; p=0.022). Smoking was a strong independent predictor of lung cancer (propensityscore matched HR, 2.749; 95% CI, 1.416–5.338; p=0.003). @*Conclusions@#In contrast to the unadjusted model, smoking is associated with worse cardiovascular outcome and higher incidence of lung cancer after adjustment of various confounding factors. This result can be explained by the characteristics of smokers, which were young and had fewer comorbidities.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 289-307, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901572

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a fatal manifestation of ischemic heart disease and remains a major public health concern worldwide despite advances in its diagnosis and management. The characteristics of patients with AMI, as well as its disease patterns,have gradually changed over time in Korea, and the outcomes of revascularization have improved dramatically. Several characteristics associated with the revascularization of Korean patients differ from those of patients in other countries. The sophisticated state of AMI revascularization in Korea has led to the need for a Korean expert consensus. The Task Force on Expert Consensus Document of the Korean Society of Myocardial Infarction has comprehensively reviewed the outcomes of large clinical trials and current practical guidelines, as well as studies on Korean patients with AMI. Based on these comprehensive reviews, the members of the task force summarize the major guidelines and recent publications, and propose an expert consensus for revascularization in patients with AMI.

9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 907-922, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833073

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The Sapien 3 (S3) valve has not been compared to the Sapien XT (SXT) valve in Korea. We compared procedural and clinical outcomes between the 2 devices. @*Methods@#A total of 189 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with S3 (n=95) or SXT (n=94) valve was analyzed. The primary endpoint was cardiovascular mortality at 1 year. The median follow-up duration was 438 days. @*Results@#The Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was similar between the 2 groups. The device success rate (90.4% vs. 97.9%; p=0.028) was higher in the S3 than in the SXT. The S3 showed significantly fewer cases of moderate or severe paravalvular leakage (PVL) (16.7% vs.0.0%; p=0.001) than the SXT. However, effective orifice area (EOA) (2.07±0.61 vs. 1.70±0.49 cm2 ; p<0.001) was smaller in the S3. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed the S3 was associated with significantly fewer cardiovascular mortality at 1 year compared to the SXT (5.4% vs. 1.1%; hazard ratio, 0.031; 95% confidence interval, 0.001–0.951; p=0.047). Periprocedural complication rates, composite of disabling stroke or all-cause mortality, allcause mortality, and disabling stroke at 1 year were similar between the 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#Cardiovascular mortality was lower in the S3 group than in the SXT group over 1 year of follow-up. The reduction in PVL was attributed to the higher device success rate of TAVR with the S3 valve. However, the benefit of S3 obtained at the expense of reduced EOA should be meticulously re-evaluated in larger studies during long-term follow-up.

10.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 845-866, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833070

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice guidelines published by the European Society of Cardiology and the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association summarize the available evidence and provide recommendations for health professionals to enable appropriate clinical decisions and improve clinical outcomes for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, most current guidelines are based on studies in non-Asian populations in the pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry is the first nationwide registry to document many aspects of AMI from baseline characteristics to treatment strategies. There are well-organized ongoing and published randomized control trials especially for antiplatelet therapy among Korean patients with AMI. Here, members of the Task Force of the Korean Society of Myocardial Infarction review recent published studies during the current PCI era, and have summarized the expert consensus for the pharmacotherapy of AMI.

11.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 55-61, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787273

ABSTRACT

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute MI. A total of 625 patients with acute MI from 14 teaching hospitals in Korea were divided into 2 groups according to the dose of nebivolol (nebistol®, Elyson Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea): low-dose group (1.25 mg daily, n=219) and usual- to high-dose group (≥2.5 mg daily, n=406). The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, composite of death from any cause, non-fatal MI, stroke, repeat revascularization, rehospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure) at 12 months. After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, the rates of MACCE were not different between the low-dose and the usual- to high-dose groups (2.8% and 3.1%, respectively; hazard ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 2.24, p=0.860). The low-dose nebivolol group showed higher rates of MI than the usual- to high-dose group (1.2% and 0%, p=0.008). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (1.1% and 0.3%, p=0.273), stroke (0.4% and 1.1%, p=0.384), repeat PCI (1.2% and 0.8%, p=0.428), rehospitalization for unstable angina (1.2% and 1.0%, p=0.743) and for heart failure (0.6% and 0.7%, p=0.832). In patients with acute MI, the rates of MACCE for low-dose and usual- to high-dose nebivolol were not significantly different at 12-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Nebivolol , Observational Study , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta , Seoul , Stroke
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765128

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are the first choice for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) should be considered in patients intolerant to ACEIs. Although previous studies support the use of ARBs as an alternative to ACEIs, these studies showed inconsistent results. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the clinical impact of ARBs as an alternative to ACEIs in patients with AMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The CardiOvascular Risk and idEntificAtion of potential high-risk population in AMI (COREA-AMI) registry enrolled all consecutive patients with AMI undergoing PCI. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization due to heart failure. RESULTS: Of the 3,328 eligible patients, ARBs replaced ACEIs in 816 patients, while 824 patients continued to use ACEIs and 826 patients continued to use ARBs. The remaining 862 patients did not receive ACEIs/ARBs. After the adjustment with inverse probability weighting, the primary endpoints in the first groups were similar (7.5% vs. 8.0%, hazard ratio [HR], 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75–1.05; P = 0.164). Composite events were less frequent in the ACEI to ARB group than no ACEI/ARB group (7.5% vs. 11.8%, HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.64–0.90; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The alternative use of ARBs following initial treatment with ACEIs demonstrates comparable clinical outcomes to those with continued use of ACEIs and is associated with an improved rate of composite events compared to no ACEI/ARB use in patients with AMI undergoing PCI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02385682


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Angiotensins , Heart Failure , Hospitalization , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Stroke
13.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 419-433, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738800

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although current guidelines recommend early initiation of statin in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there is no consensus for optimal timing of statin initiation. METHODS: A total of 3,921 statin-naïve patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were analyzed, and divided into 3 groups according to statin initiation time: group 1 (statin initiation <24 hours after admission), group 2 (24–48 hours) and group 3 (≥48 hours). We also made 3 stratified models to reduce bias: model 1 (<24 hours vs. ≥24 hours), model 2 (<48 hours vs. ≥48 hours) and model 3 (<24 hours vs. 24–48 hours). The endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction and target-vessel revascularization) during median 3.8 years. RESULTS: During follow-up, incidence of MACE was lower in early statin group in both model 1 (14.3% vs. 18.4%, hazard ratio [HR], 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66–0.91; p=0.002) and model 2 (14.6% vs. 19.7%, HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.67–0.97; p=0.022). After propensity-score matching, results remained unaltered. Statin initiation <24 hours reduced MACE compared to statin initiation ≥24 hours in model 1. Statin initiation <48 hours also reduced MACE compared to statin initiation later in model 2. However, there was no difference in incidence of MACE between statin initiation <24 hours and 24–48 hours) in model 3. CONCLUSIONS: Early statin therapy within 48 hours after admission in statin-naïve patients with AMI reduced long-term clinical outcomes compared with statin initiation later. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02385682


Subject(s)
Bias , Consensus , Death , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Incidence , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1115-1122, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759428

ABSTRACT

The main cause of acute myocardial infarction is plaque rupture accompanied by superimposed coronary thrombosis. Thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFAs) have been suggested as a type of lesion with a vulnerability that can cause plaque rupture. However, not only the existence of a TCFA but also the fine and complex interactions of other anatomical and hemodynamic factors, such as microcalcification in the fibrous cap, cholesterol crystal-induced inflammasome activation, the apoptosis of intraplaque macrophages, and endothelial shear stress distribution should precede a clinical event caused by plaque rupture. Recent studies are being conducted to identify these mechanisms through molecular imaging and hemodynamic assessment using computational fluid dynamics, which will result in better clinical results through selective coronary interventions.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cholesterol , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Thrombosis , Hemodynamics , Hydrodynamics , Inflammasomes , Macrophages , Molecular Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Rupture
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919064

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#The optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with multivessel disease (MVD) is uncertain. This study was designed to develop a novel and simple tool for assessing an individualized and optimized PCI strategy in AMI patients with MVD.@*METHODS@#In total, 5,025 patients with AMI from nine centers at two universities were enrolled in the prospective Convergent Registry of Catholic and Chonnam University for Acute Myocardial Infarction (COREA-AMI) registry from January 2004 through December 2009. From among them, we selected 2,630 patients with MVD who were treated by culprit-only or multivessel (MV) PCI. We investigated major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during a 1-year clinical follow-up. Using a subgroup analysis, we extracted variables for use in the culprit only versus multivessel revascularization (CONVERSE) score, which showed a preference for MV PCI rather than culprit-only PCI for treating MVD.@*RESULTS@#The CONVERSE score was constructed using eight independent variables (1 point for each variable): age > 65 years, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, high Killip class (III or IV), low left ventricular ejection fraction (≤ 50%), low creatinine clearance (≤ 60 mL/min), high level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (≥ 2.0 mg/L), and left anterior descending artery or left main as the nonculprit vessel. The incidence of MACEs increased linearly with the CONVERSE score. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the cutoff value was 3 points.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results suggest that patients with a CONVERSE score of 3 or more should undergo MV PCI.

16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 419-433, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917322

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Although current guidelines recommend early initiation of statin in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there is no consensus for optimal timing of statin initiation.@*METHODS@#A total of 3,921 statin-naïve patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were analyzed, and divided into 3 groups according to statin initiation time: group 1 (statin initiation <24 hours after admission), group 2 (24–48 hours) and group 3 (≥48 hours). We also made 3 stratified models to reduce bias: model 1 (<24 hours vs. ≥24 hours), model 2 (<48 hours vs. ≥48 hours) and model 3 (<24 hours vs. 24–48 hours). The endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction and target-vessel revascularization) during median 3.8 years.@*RESULTS@#During follow-up, incidence of MACE was lower in early statin group in both model 1 (14.3% vs. 18.4%, hazard ratio [HR], 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66–0.91; p=0.002) and model 2 (14.6% vs. 19.7%, HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.67–0.97; p=0.022). After propensity-score matching, results remained unaltered. Statin initiation <24 hours reduced MACE compared to statin initiation ≥24 hours in model 1. Statin initiation <48 hours also reduced MACE compared to statin initiation later in model 2. However, there was no difference in incidence of MACE between statin initiation <24 hours and 24–48 hours) in model 3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early statin therapy within 48 hours after admission in statin-naïve patients with AMI reduced long-term clinical outcomes compared with statin initiation later.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02385682

17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1115-1122, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917260

ABSTRACT

The main cause of acute myocardial infarction is plaque rupture accompanied by superimposed coronary thrombosis. Thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFAs) have been suggested as a type of lesion with a vulnerability that can cause plaque rupture. However, not only the existence of a TCFA but also the fine and complex interactions of other anatomical and hemodynamic factors, such as microcalcification in the fibrous cap, cholesterol crystal-induced inflammasome activation, the apoptosis of intraplaque macrophages, and endothelial shear stress distribution should precede a clinical event caused by plaque rupture. Recent studies are being conducted to identify these mechanisms through molecular imaging and hemodynamic assessment using computational fluid dynamics, which will result in better clinical results through selective coronary interventions.

18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 382-394, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There has been no nation-wide data on the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) after commercialization of TAVI in Korea. We report clinical features and outcomes of the first cohort of TAVI performed from Jun 2015 to Jun 2017 in Korea. METHODS: The first cohort of Korean-TAVI (K-TAVI) registry includes 576 consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI from 17 Korean hospitals for 2 years. RESULTS: Most of TAVI procedures were performed for septuagenarians and octogenarians (90.8%) through transfemoral approach (98.3%). The rate of device success was 92.5% and permanent pacemaker was implanted in 5.6%. In successive years, incidences of paravalvular leakage (PVL) and major bleeding declined. Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score was 5.2 (3.0 to 9.0) and 34.7% of patients had high surgical risk (STS ≥8). One-year all-cause death occurred in 8.9% and was significantly lower in low to intermediate risk one than in high risk (5.4% vs. 15.5%, p < 0.001). The independent predictors of 1-year mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.087; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.036–1.141; p=0.001), moderate or severe PVL (HR, 4.631; 95% CI, 1.624–13.203; p=0.004) and end-stage renal disease (HR, 5.785; 95% CI, 2.717–12.316; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: K-TAVI registry showed favorable 1-year outcomes with decreasing complication rate over time in real-world Korean patients. Two-thirds of patients were low to intermediate surgical risk and showed a significantly lower mortality than the high-risk patients, suggesting the promising future on the expanded indications of TAVI.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Asians , Cohort Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Korea , Mortality , Surgeons , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 591-601, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759385

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-statin therapy plus lower intensity statin might be an alternative in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A recent data suggested an anti-inflammatory therapy can reduce recurrent cardiovascular events and pioglitazone is also an intriguing inflammatory-modulating agent. However, limited data exist on whether pioglitazone on top of statins further attenuates plaque inflammation. METHODS: Statin-naïve patients with stable CAD and carotid plaques of ≥3 mm were randomly prescribed moderate dose atorvastatin (20 mg/day), or moderate dose atorvastatin plus pioglitazone (30 mg/day) for 3 months. The primary endpoint was the change in the arterial inflammation of the carotid artery measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) during 3 months. RESULTS: Of the 41 randomized patients, 33 underwent an evaluation by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT; 17 atorvastatin plus pioglitazone and 16 atorvastatin patients). The addition of pioglitazone significantly improved the insulin sensitivity and increased the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol after 3 months. Although a reduction in the (FDG) uptake by pioglitazone on top of atorvastatin in carotid arteries with plaque showed marginally statistical significance in the entire patient group (atorvastatin plus pioglitazone; −0.10±0.07 and atorvastatin −0.06±0.04, p=0.058), pioglitazone showed a further reduction of the fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake among patients who had a baseline FDG uptake above the median (atorvastatin plus pioglitazone; −0.14±0.04 and atorvastatin −0.03±0.03, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Pioglitazone demonstrated marginally significant anti-inflammatory effects in addition to moderate dose atorvastatin. This may have been due to the lack of power of the study. However, pioglitazone may have an anti-inflammatory effect in those patients with high plaque inflammation (Trial registry at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01341730).


Subject(s)
Arteritis , Atherosclerosis , Atorvastatin , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Cholesterol , Coronary Artery Disease , Electrons , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Inflammation , Insulin Resistance , Lipoproteins , PPAR gamma
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 382-394, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917187

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There has been no nation-wide data on the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) after commercialization of TAVI in Korea. We report clinical features and outcomes of the first cohort of TAVI performed from Jun 2015 to Jun 2017 in Korea.@*METHODS@#The first cohort of Korean-TAVI (K-TAVI) registry includes 576 consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI from 17 Korean hospitals for 2 years.@*RESULTS@#Most of TAVI procedures were performed for septuagenarians and octogenarians (90.8%) through transfemoral approach (98.3%). The rate of device success was 92.5% and permanent pacemaker was implanted in 5.6%. In successive years, incidences of paravalvular leakage (PVL) and major bleeding declined. Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score was 5.2 (3.0 to 9.0) and 34.7% of patients had high surgical risk (STS ≥8). One-year all-cause death occurred in 8.9% and was significantly lower in low to intermediate risk one than in high risk (5.4% vs. 15.5%, p < 0.001). The independent predictors of 1-year mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.087; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.036–1.141; p=0.001), moderate or severe PVL (HR, 4.631; 95% CI, 1.624–13.203; p=0.004) and end-stage renal disease (HR, 5.785; 95% CI, 2.717–12.316; p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#K-TAVI registry showed favorable 1-year outcomes with decreasing complication rate over time in real-world Korean patients. Two-thirds of patients were low to intermediate surgical risk and showed a significantly lower mortality than the high-risk patients, suggesting the promising future on the expanded indications of TAVI.

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