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1.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 282-290, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997315

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the feasibility of quantitative analysis methods using bone SPECT/CT with those using planar bone scans to assess active sacroiliitis. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed whole-body bone scans and pelvic bone SPECT/CTs of 8 patients who had clinically confirmed sacroiliitis and enrolled 24 patients without sacroiliitis as references. The volume of interest of each sacroiliac joint, including both the ilium and sacrum, was drawn. Active arthritis zone (AAZ) was defined as the zone of voxels with higher SUV than sacral mean SUV within the VOI of SI joint. Then, the following SPECT/CT quantitative parameters, SUVmax (maximum SUV), SUV50% (mean SUV in highest 50% of SUV), and SUV-AAZ, and the ratio of those values to sacral mean SUV (SUVmax/S, SUV50%/S, SUV-AAZ/S) were calculated. For the planar bone scan, the mean count ratio of SI joint/sacrum (SI/S) was conventionally measured. @*Results@#Most of the SPECT/CT parameters of the sacroiliitis group were significantly higher than the normal group, whereas SI/S of the planar bone scan was not significantly different between the two groups. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, SUV-AAZ/S showed the highest AUC of 0.992, followed by SUV50%/S and SUVmax/S. All ratio parameters of the SPECT/CT showed higher AUC values than the SUV parameters of SI joint or SI/S of the planar scan. @*Conclusions@#The quantitative analyses of bone SPECT/CT showed better performance in assessing active sacroiliitis than the planar bone scan. SPECT/CT parameters using the ratio of the SI joint to sacrum showed more favorable results than SUV parameters such as SUVmax, SUV50%, and SUV-AAZ.

2.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 25-34, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926215

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate a quantitative analysis of the anatomical characteristics of the maxillary supernumerary lateral incisor and its relationship with lateral incisors. Forty-four supernumerary lateral incisors from 43 patients were evaluated for analyzing the position, shape, direction, and relationship between the supernumerary lateral incisor and the normal lateral incisors, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). To compare the size of crown, the mesiodistal width was measured and the Nolla stage was used for evaluating the degree of root development to compare tooth maturity. The supernumerary lateral incisors were in the normal direction at a rate of 90.9%, and in a supplemental shape at a rate of 84.1%. The supernumerary lateral incisor was smaller in size compared to the adjacent lateral incisor and opposite lateral incisor (p < .0001). There was no statistically significant difference in the development stage of root. Based on these results, the supernumerary lateral incisor is similar with the lateral incisor, but has a difference in the size of crown. It is necessary to distinguish the supernumerary lateral incisor from the lateral incisor precisely to reduce clinical complications.

3.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 95-103, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926208

ABSTRACT

The first permanent molars play a key role in maxillofacial development and occlusion. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics and development stages of first molars with delayed eruption, and to evaluate their associations with congenital missing teeth. Eight-year-old patients who had delayed eruption in their first molars were classified into 75 patients with physical barriers and 77 patients without physical barriers. The development stages of the first and second molars in the delayed area were analyzed using Nolla method from the panoramic radiographs. The relationship between congenital missing teeth and delayed area was also investigated. Delayed eruption of first molars were more common in the maxilla alone. With the presence of physical barriers, male patients showed higher frequency in unilateral cases, while female patients had higher bilateral cases when there was no physical barrier. Delayed development of first molars were observed in delayed eruption area. In the absence of physical barriers, adjacent second molars were also developed slowly and the incidence of congenital missing teeth was high in delayed area. If first molars with delayed eruption are observed, clinical and radiographical follow-ups are necessary for the evaluation of their developmental stages and congenital missing teeth.

4.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 315-319, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997538

ABSTRACT

68 Ga-DOTA-peptide PET/CT is a valuable tool for diagnosing neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Various tumors and normal human tissue express the somatostatin receptor (SSTR), warranting attention to positive findings on 68  Ga-DOTA-peptide PET/CT. However, overexpression of SSTR in glomus tumors has not yet been reported. Gastric glomus tumors show many similar features of NET and are often misdiagnosed. We present the case of a 61-year-old male with a glomus tumor who underwent distal gastrectomy under the pretense of an NET grade 1 because the nodule showed focal intense uptake on preoperative 68  Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1497-1513, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894798

ABSTRACT

The diagnostic and treatment methods of multiple myeloma (MM) have been rapidly evolving owing to advances in imaging techniques and new therapeutic agents. Imaging has begun to play an important role in the management of MM, and international guidelines are frequently updated. Since the publication of 2015 International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria for the diagnosis of MM, whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or low-dose whole-body computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT have entered the mainstream as diagnostic and treatment response assessment tools. The 2019 IMWG guidelines also provide imaging recommendations for various clinical settings. Accordingly, radiologists have become a key component of MM management. In this review, we provide an overview of updates in the MM field with an emphasis on imaging modalities.

6.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 384-396, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919904

ABSTRACT

The 61st Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry congress was hosted online for the first time in 2020 due to coronavirus disease-19. The congress was operated using the ZOOM platform. The aim of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the overall satisfaction and feedbacks from congress participants via anonymous Google Forms online survey. A test meeting was previously organized before the actual congress to facilitate the smooth process and the participants overall showed high satisfaction. Members who participated in test meeting compared to those who did not, found it significantly helpful, which contributed overall higher satisfaction with the online congress. Abstracts were accepted from the current pediatric dentistry residents and the oral presentations were also held online for the first time. The presenters and the judges were overall very satisfied. In an unguaranteed situation of termination of coronavirus disease-19, the decision to conduct an online congress was a favorable option.

7.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919891

ABSTRACT

Since January 2019, insurance coverage for caries treatment of permanent teeth using composite resin in children aged 12 and under has started in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to compare the pattern of permanent molar composite resin restoration aged 12 and under before and after the insurance coverage from January 2009 to March 2020 in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital at Gangdong.Since the insurance coverage was started in 2019, the frequency of permanent molar composite resin restoration aged 12 and under has increased more than twice. There was a significant change in frequency of resin restoration by shape of cavity comparing before and after the insurance coverage, whereas there was no significant difference in changes by patient age, gender and position of tooth.As accessibility to the permanent tooth composite resin restoration is increased by the insurance coverage, which shows a fair survival rate, it is expected that it could be able to secure oral health in the early permanent dentition aged 12 and under.

8.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 42-49, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919877

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of teeth treated with reattachment technique in children and adolescents. Twenty seven permanent anterior teeth from 21 patients treated with fragment reattachment were evaluated. Clinical photos and medical records were used to assess treatment outcomes. Effect of pulp treatment and the ratio of fragment on success rate were statistically analyzed. Detachment of fragment was observed in 17 teeth, and their duration of retention was 21.41 ± 23.39 months. Repeated trauma was found to be the most frequent causes of failure. Pulp treatment before reattachment did not affect the success rate (p > 0.05). The mean ratio of fragment was 0.482 ± 0.147, and the success rate was affected by the ratio of fragment (p = 0.018). The median retention time of the teeth was 72 months if the ratio was under 0.5, and 8 months for that of the others. A significant correlation was found between the ratio of fragment and retention time (p = 0.003). Reattachment can be a predictable treatment option for crown fracture in anterior teeth in children and adolescents when a fracture involves less than 50% of the clinical crown.

9.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 269-279, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919867

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the spread of a new type of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) on the mental state in school-age children and parents focusing on the aspects of sleep disorders and depression. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 123 parents and 108 school-age children who visited Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital at Gangdong from April 2, 2020 through April 25, 2020, via the direct writing method. Participants were assessed with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7, Center for Epidemiology Scale for Depression. Logistic regressions were used with a level of significance of 5%.The prevalence of GAD, depression, and poor sleep in parents were 34.1%, 17.1% and 44.7%, respectively. The prevalence of GAD in children was 20.4%.Logistic regression showed that stress from Emergency Alert Messages about COVID-19 was associated with GAD and depression in parents. In children, the degree of emotional change after COVID-19 was associated with GAD.This study confirmed that there was a change in the psychological status of children and guardians due to the epidemic of coronavirus disease-2019, and it would be necessary to consider their psychological status during dental treatment.

10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1497-1513, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902502

ABSTRACT

The diagnostic and treatment methods of multiple myeloma (MM) have been rapidly evolving owing to advances in imaging techniques and new therapeutic agents. Imaging has begun to play an important role in the management of MM, and international guidelines are frequently updated. Since the publication of 2015 International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria for the diagnosis of MM, whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or low-dose whole-body computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT have entered the mainstream as diagnostic and treatment response assessment tools. The 2019 IMWG guidelines also provide imaging recommendations for various clinical settings. Accordingly, radiologists have become a key component of MM management. In this review, we provide an overview of updates in the MM field with an emphasis on imaging modalities.

11.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 292-298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997489

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to evaluate the performance of hybrid bone single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) in predicting bone graft viability after maxillary or mandibular reconstructive surgery with vascularized bone grafts. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 46 bone planar scintigraphy and SPECT/CT images of 45 adult patients taken at 1 week (5–8 days) after maxillary or mandibular reconstructive surgery with vascularized bone grafts. By visual analysis, two nuclear medicine physicians scored the uptake degrees of each bone graft segment compared with the calvarium uptake on planar bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT, respectively (0 = absence of uptake, 1 = less uptake, 2 = similar uptake, and 3 = more uptake). The imaging results were compared with clinical follow-up for assessing bone graft viability. @*Results@#During follow-up, five bone graft segments were surgically removed and confirmed as nonviable—one had a score of 0, although the other four had a score of 1–3 on planar bone scintigraphy. All five bone graft segments were scored 0 on SPECT/CT and eventually confirmed as nonviable. All other graft segments with a score of > 1 on SPECT/CT were viable and uneventful.The anatomical CT information on SPECT/CT images was helpful in discriminating bone graft uptake from adjacent bone or soft tissue uptake. @*Conclusions@#The absence of tracer uptake by the vascularized bone graft on bone SPECT/CT at 1 week after maxillary or mandibular reconstructive surgery can predict graft failure. Bone SPECT/CT can be used to predict vascularized bone graft viability postoperatively.

12.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 368-376, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919856

ABSTRACT

The primary maxillary second molars usually have three roots. However, an additional root located mesiopalatally is occasionally observed. This study aimed to determine the relationship between a mesiopalatal root of primary maxillary second molars and an abnormal eruption pattern of maxillary second premolars. The study was performed on cone beam computed tomography images taken from 916 children who visited the Dental Hospital of Kyung Hee University from 2010 to 2018. 744 serial cross-sectional cone beam computed tomography images were evaluated. The overall incidence of the mesiopalatal root of primary maxillary second molars was 3.2% (n = 24) and the abnormal eruption pattern of maxillary second premolars was 19.2% (n = 143). Especially, patients with the mesiopalatal root of primary maxillary second molars were significantly more likely to have the abnormal eruption pattern on maxillary second premolars (p = 0.000). The odds of the abnormal eruption pattern of maxillary second premolars with the mesiopalatal root of primary maxillary second molars was about 13 times higher than those without. The eruption pattern of the permanent successor should be carefully observed and treated if the mesiopalatal root of primary maxillary second molar is existent.

13.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 157-166, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919839

ABSTRACT

The first dental visit is recommended at the time of the eruption of the first tooth and no later than 12 months of age. However, even before the age of 1, children can visit the dental hospital for various reasons. The purpose of this study was to analyze the reasons for the dental visit of infant. From January 2006 to December 2015, medical records of infants who visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Kyung Hee University were analyzed. The total number of patients was 419 (238 males and 181 females). The reasons for the dental visits were trauma (47.5%), nataleonatal tooth (19.8%), dental caries (8.1%), teething problem (4.3%), abnormal frenum (3.6%), soft tissue swelling (3.6%), Bohn’s nodule (3.3%), cleft lip and palate (2.9%), gingival neoplasm (1.9%), tongue ulceration (1.7%), oral examination (1.4%), enamel hypoplasia (1.2%) and abnormal temporomandibular joint sound (0.7%). According to this study, there were various oral diseases that could occur in infants. Since infants are usually cared by caregivers, pediatricians, and obstetricians, education of oral diseases of infants is needed to manage the oral symptoms properly.

14.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 9-16, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919829

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate visual exploration of children and adolescents during dental treatment by examining time ratio of eye opening in various age groups.This study reviewed 5 - 15 year-old patients who visited the department of pediatric dentistry of Yonsei University Dental Hospital from March to October 2018. Restorative treatment or sealant application was done by one pediatric dentist. A trained observer used 2 stopwatches to measure total treatment time and time of open eye. Average ratios of eye opening were calculated and compared.60 patients were investigated, with 15 patients in each age group. Average ratio of eye opening increased as age decreased (p This study indicated that children have higher rates of eye opening during dental treatment than adolescents.

15.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 17-24, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919828

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of the three-dimensional (3D) imaging system of children’s facial soft tissue by comparing linear measurements. The subjects of the study were 15 children between the ages of 7 and 12. Twenty-three landmarks were pointed on the face of each subject and 16 linear measurements were directly obtained 2 times using an electronic caliper. Two sets of 3D facial images were made by the 3D scanner. The same 16 measurements were obtained on each 3D image. In the accuracy test, the total average difference was 0.9 mm. The precision of 3D photogrammetry was almost equivalent to that of direct measurement. Thus, 3D photogrammetry by the 3D scanner in children had sufficient accuracy and precision to be used in clinical setting. However, the 3D imaging system requires the subject’s compliance for exact images. If the clinicians provide specific instructions to children while obtaining 3D images, the 3D device is useful for investigating children’s facial growth and development. Also the device can be a valuable tool for evaluating the results of orthodontic and orthopedic treatments.

16.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 235-247, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919818

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects and optimal timing for treatment of class II malocclusion with functional appliances in children and adolescents. A group of 30 patients with class II malocclusion were divided into 3 groups according to their use of functional appliance: Twin block, Activator, Fränkel appliance. The group was also divided into 2 groups according to the cervical vertebrae maturation method. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were analyzed pretreatment (T0) and osttreatment(T1). Among the functional appliances, treatment with Twin block and Activator showed significant increase in the length of the mandible (Co-Gn) and the lower anterior facial height (ANS to Me), whereas the overjet and overbite were significantly reduced. Treatment with Fränkel appliance showed significant improvement in the relationship of maxilla and mandible. In addition, if the functional appliance was used during the period of pubertal growth peak, there was a significant increase in mandibular length, improvement in the relationship of maxilla and mandible, labial inclination of lower incisors and decrease in overjet compared to the treatment before pubertal growth peak. Therefore, this studyindicates that using functional appliances for patients with class II malocclusion is effective and the optimal timing for using functional appliances is during pubertal growth peak.

17.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 200-208, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787364

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the dental consultation of pediatric inpatients to the department of pediatric dentistry in Yonsei University Severance Hospital, and to investigate the change in patterns. In 2017, 268 pediatric patients (384 cases) admitted to the Severance Hospital were referred to the department of pediatric dentistry. The mean age was 6.6 years, and most of the patients were referred from the Department of Pediatric Hematology Oncology and Rehabilitation Medicine. The chief complaints were as follows: oral examination (31%), dental caries (20%), oral pain (10%), tooth mobility (10%), pre-operative evaluation (9%) and others (20%). 41% of the patients received only oral examination without treatment. Dental caries were the most frequent dental diagnosis of the patients. 28% (111 cases) of patients received operative treatments, 22 cases were treated under general anesthesia. Oral health is closely related to systemic diseases, especially for hospitalized patients. Dental consultations should be encouraged for prevention and early appropriate treatments. For this purpose, it is necessary to establish a referral system and perform dental treatment under general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Dental Caries , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Oral , Hematology , Inpatients , Oral Health , Pediatric Dentistry , Referral and Consultation , Rehabilitation , Tooth Mobility
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 205-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741406

ABSTRACT

Recently, sarcopenia has garnered renewed interest. Sarcopenia is a disease characterized by decreased skeletal muscle mass and strength/function, which can impair the quality of life and increase physical disability, adverse metabolic effects, and mortality. Imaging tools for evaluating and diagnosing sarcopenia have developed rapidly. Radiologists should be aware of sarcopenia and its clinical implications. We review current knowledge about sarcopenia, its pathophysiological impact, and advantages and disadvantages of methods for evaluation of sarcopenia focusing on body composition imaging modalities such as whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, CT, and MRI. Controversial issues are discussed, including the lack of consensus and standardization of the disease definition, imaging modality, measurement methods, and diagnostic cutoff points.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Body Composition , Consensus , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mortality , Muscle, Skeletal , Quality of Life , Sarcopenia
19.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 154-161, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787315

ABSTRACT

Sedation is a useful behavior management technique for dental patients who may be uncontrollable or have medical problems. The aim of this study is to investigate the changes in patterns of sedative treatments in pediatric dentistry by analyzing the distribution of patients and used sedative agents.Patients and sedative agents were reviewed based on the electronic medical records (EMR) of the department of pediatric dentistry in Yonsei University Dental Hospital from 2011 to 2016.The number of patients who were treated under sedation generally increased. Male received more sedation treatment than female by 2014, and they became similar from 2015. The treatment percentage of patients with systemic disease decreased in 2013, remained constantly afterwards. The ratio of sedative treatment for the age 4 – 5 and age 6 – 10 generally increased, while that of the age 0 – 2 and older than age 11 decreased. The ratio of the age 3 remained steady. Nitrous oxide was the most frequently used sedative agent. The use of benzodiazepine increased while the use of chloral hydrate decreased.Although the use of sedation has expanded, multidimensional approaches for ensuring safety have been less focused. Therefore, it is necessary to explore further studies for the safety and efficacy of the use of sedation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Behavior Control , Benzodiazepines , Chloral Hydrate , Conscious Sedation , Electronic Health Records , Nitrous Oxide , Pediatric Dentistry
20.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 162-169, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787314

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of Cariview®, a new colorimetric caries activity test, with CRT® bacteria, a conventional bacterial culture method. In addition, this study assesses the correlation between the dental caries experience and activity between mothers and their children.34 pairs of mothers and their children under the age of 6 years participated in this study with informed consent. After filling out a questionnaire and oral examination, the two caries activity tests above were performed on each subject.In the results, Cariview® scores were statistically significant with children's caries experience (r = 0.598, p <0.01) and showed higher correlation than CRT® bacteria scores. Cariview® scores showed statistically significant correlation with the number of decayed teeth in both mothers and children (p <0.05). In both Cariview® and CRT® bacteria tests, there was no statistically significant correlation between caries experience and caries activity (p > 0.05).Cariview® colorimetric test will be clinically useful for predicting future caries risk and establishing a preventative strategy in pediatric dentistry.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bacteria , Dental Caries , Diagnosis, Oral , Informed Consent , Methods , Mothers , Pediatric Dentistry , Tooth
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