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1.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 181-181, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763280

ABSTRACT

In the published article, the Figure 4 was published with incorrect y-axis and legend.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Traumatology ; : 243-247, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916939

ABSTRACT

Subclavian vein injuries occasionally occur as a sequela of penetrating trauma or vascular access, but have rarely been reported to occur after clavicle fracture. The subclavian vessels are mainly enclosed by the subclavius muscle, the first rib, and the costocoracoid ligament. Therefore, in such cases, subclavian vein injury is rare because of the strcutures surrounding the subclavian vessels. Nevertheless, subclavian vein injuries occasionally show thrombotic manifestations, and thrombosis of the upper limbs constitutes 1–4% of cases of total deep vein thrombosis. Furthermore, to the best of the authors' knowledge, although vessel injuries have been reported after clavicle or rib fractures and nerve injuries to regions such as the brachial plexus, no case involving delayed presentation of isolated subclavian vein stenosis after clavicle fracture due to blunt trauma has yet been reported.

3.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 48-54, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739312

ABSTRACT

Procalcitonin (PCT) is a predictive marker for the occurrence of bacterial infection and the decision to terminate antibiotic treatment in critically ill patients. An unusual increase in PCT, regardless of infection, has been observed during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. We evaluated trends and the predictive value of PCT levels in adult cardiogenic shock during treatment with ECMO. We reviewed the clinical records of 38 adult cardiogenic shock patients undergoing veno-arterial ECMO support between January 2014 and December 2016. The exclusion criteria were age 10 ng/mL during the first week of ECMO support was significantly associated with mortality (p < 0.01). The change in PCT level was not useful in predicting new infection during ECMO support. However, higher PCT levels within the first week of the ECMO run are associated with significantly higher mortality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Bacterial Infections , Calcitonin , Critical Illness , Cross Infection , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Mortality , Shock , Shock, Cardiogenic , Weaning
4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 593-598, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49321

ABSTRACT

Data on the frequency of nosocomial infections during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in adult populations remain scarce. We investigated the risk factors for nosocomial infections in adult patients undergoing venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) support. From January 2011 to December 2015, a total of 259 patients underwent ECMO. Of these, patients aged 17 years or less and patients undergoing ECMO for less than 48 hours were excluded. Of these, 61 patients diagnosed with cardiogenic shock were evaluated. Mean patient age was 60.6 ± 14.3 years and 21 (34.4%) patients were female. The mean preoperative Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score was 8.6 ± 2.2. The mean duration of ECMO support was 6.8 ± 7.4 days. The rates of successful ECMO weaning and survival to discharge were 44.3% and 31.1%, respectively. There were 18 nosocomial infections in 14 (23.0%) patients. These included respiratory tract infections in 9 cases and bloodstream infections in a further 9. In multivariate analysis, independent predictors of infection during ECMO were the preoperative creatinine level (hazard ratio [HR], 2.176; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.065–4.447; P = 0.033) and the duration of ECMO support (HR, 1.400; 95% CI, 1.081–1.815; P = 0.011). A higher preoperative creatinine level and an extended duration of ECMO support are risk factors for infection. Therefore, to avoid the development of nosocomial infections, strategies to shorten the length of ECMO support should be applied whenever possible.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 562-568, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134749

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels play an important role in myocardial protection. We examined the effects of thromboxane A₂ on the regulation of K(ATP) channel activity in single ventricular myocytes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Single ventricular myocytes were isolated from the hearts of adult Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice by enzymatic digestion. Single channel activity was recorded by excised inside-out and cell-attached patch clamp configurations at -60 mV holding potential during the perfusion of an ATP-free K-5 solution. RESULTS: In the excised inside-out patches, the thromboxane A₂ analog, U46619, decreased the K(ATP) channel activity in a dose-dependent manner; however, the thromboxane A₂ receptor antagonist, SQ29548, did not significantly attenuate the inhibitory effect of U46619. In the cell-attached patches, U46619 inhibited dinitrophenol (DNP)-induced K(ATP) channel activity in a dose-dependent manner, and SQ29548 attenuated the inhibitory effects of U46619 on DNP-induced K(ATP) channel activity. CONCLUSION: Thromboxane A₂ may inhibit K(ATP) channel activity, and may have a harmful effect on ischemic myocardium.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Mice , 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid , Adenosine Triphosphate , Adenosine , Digestion , Heart , KATP Channels , Muscle Cells , Myocardium , Perfusion , Potassium Channels , Potassium
6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 562-568, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134748

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels play an important role in myocardial protection. We examined the effects of thromboxane A₂ on the regulation of K(ATP) channel activity in single ventricular myocytes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Single ventricular myocytes were isolated from the hearts of adult Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice by enzymatic digestion. Single channel activity was recorded by excised inside-out and cell-attached patch clamp configurations at -60 mV holding potential during the perfusion of an ATP-free K-5 solution. RESULTS: In the excised inside-out patches, the thromboxane A₂ analog, U46619, decreased the K(ATP) channel activity in a dose-dependent manner; however, the thromboxane A₂ receptor antagonist, SQ29548, did not significantly attenuate the inhibitory effect of U46619. In the cell-attached patches, U46619 inhibited dinitrophenol (DNP)-induced K(ATP) channel activity in a dose-dependent manner, and SQ29548 attenuated the inhibitory effects of U46619 on DNP-induced K(ATP) channel activity. CONCLUSION: Thromboxane A₂ may inhibit K(ATP) channel activity, and may have a harmful effect on ischemic myocardium.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Mice , 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid , Adenosine Triphosphate , Adenosine , Digestion , Heart , KATP Channels , Muscle Cells , Myocardium , Perfusion , Potassium Channels , Potassium
7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1914-1921, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24792

ABSTRACT

Extended-release osmotic extended-release oral delivery system (OROS) hydromorphone is a strong synthetic opioid designed to maintain a constant blood concentration by once daily dosing. The objective of this observational study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of OROS hydromorphone in patients with cancer pain of moderate to severe intensity. Patients with cancer pain who required strong opioids were administered with OROS hydromorphone for 4 weeks. We assessed changes in pain intensity using a numerical rating scale (NRS) as well as levels of sleep disturbance, breakthrough pain, end-of-dose failure, patient satisfaction, and overall assessment of drug effectiveness based on investigator evaluation. Of the 648 enrolled patients, 553 patients were included in the full analysis set. The mean pain intensity was significantly decreased from the NRS value of 5.07 ± 1.99 to 2.75 ± 1.94 (mean % change of 42.13 ± 46.53, P < 0.001). The degree of sleep disturbance significantly improved (mean NRS change of 1.61 ± 2.57, P < 0.001), and the incidence of breakthrough pain was significantly decreased (mean NRS change of 1.22 ± 2.30, P < 0.001). The experience of end-of-dose failure also significantly decreased from 4.60 ± 1.75 to 3.93 ± 1.70, P = 0.007). The patient satisfaction rate was 72.7%, and 72.9% of investigators evaluated the study drug as effective. OROS hydromorphone was an effective and tolerable agent for cancer pain management. It effectively lowered pain intensity as well as improved sleep disturbance, breakthrough pain, and end-of-dose failure (Identifier: NCT 01273454).


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Chronic Pain , Hydromorphone , Incidence , Observational Study , Pain Management , Patient Satisfaction , Research Personnel
8.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 40-45, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109952

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgical enucleation is the treatment of choice for esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) with symptomatic, larger, or ill-defined lesions. The enucleation of SMTs has traditionally been performed via thoracotomy. However, minimally invasive approaches have recently been introduced and successfully applied. In this study, we present our experiences with the thoracotomic and thoracoscopic approaches to treating SMTs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 53 patients with SMTs who underwent surgical enucleation between August 1996 and July 2013. Demographic and clinical features, tumor-related factors, the surgical approach, and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 36 males (67.9%) and 17 females (32.1%); the mean age was 49.2+/-11.8 years (range, 16 to 79 years). Histology revealed leiomyoma in 51 patients, a gastrointestinal stromal tumor in one patient, and schwannoma in one patient. Eighteen patients (34.0%) were symptomatic. Fourteen patients underwent a planned thoracotomic enucleation. Of the 39 patients for whom a thoracoscopic approach was planned, six patients required conversion to thoracotomy because of overly small tumors or poor visualization in five patients and accidental mucosal injury in one patient. No mortality or major postoperative complications occurred. Compared to thoracotomy, the thoracoscopic approach had a slightly shorter operation time, but this difference was not statistically significant (120.0+/-45.6 minutes vs. 161.5+/-71.1 minutes, p=0.08). A significant difference was found in the length of the hospital stay (9.0+/-3.2 days vs. 16.5+/-5.4 days, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The thoracoscopic enucleation of submucosal esophageal tumors is safe and is associated with a shorter length of hospital stay compared to thoracotomic approaches.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Leiomyoma , Length of Stay , Mortality , Neurilemmoma , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracoscopy , Thoracotomy
9.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 294-297, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189931

ABSTRACT

Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a relatively rare and moderately aggressive type of vascular tumor. We describe a case of EHE that presented in a 24-year-old woman as a palpable nodule in the left cervical area. Radiological examinations and fine-needle aspiration cytology led to a preliminary diagnosis of metastatic lymphadenopathy with an unknown primary site. However, during surgery, we determined that the nodule was an intra-vascular tumor arising from the left internal jugular vein. The histopathological examination revealed cords of epithelioid endothelial cells distributed in a hyaline stroma, compatible with a diagnosis of EHE.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Endothelial Cells , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid , Hyalin , Jugular Veins , Lymphatic Diseases , Pathology , Vascular Diseases
10.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 13-19, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29898

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate prognostic factors for survival in pathologic stage IIIA/N2 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), to identify the prognostic significance of the metastatic patterns of mediastinal lymph nodes (MLNs) relating to survival and to recurrence and metastasis. METHODS: A total of 129 patients who underwent radical resection for pathologic stage IIIA-N2 NSCLC from July 1998 to April 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The end points of this study were rates of loco-regional recurrence and distant metastasis, and survival. RESULTS: The overall 5-year survival rate was 47.4%. A univariate analysis showed that age, pathologic T stage, and adjuvant chemotherapy were significant prognostic factors, while in multivariate analysis, pathologic T stage and adjuvant chemotherapy were significant prognostic factors. The metastasis rate was higher in patients with multistation N2 involvement and with more than 3 positive MLNs. Further, non-regional MLN metastasis was associated with a higher loco-regional recurrence rate. CONCLUSION: Pathologic T stage and adjuvant chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for long-term survival in pathologic stage IIIA/N2 NSCLC. The recurrence and the metastasis rate were affected by the metastatic patterns of MLNs. These results may be helpful for planning postoperative therapeutic strategies and predicting outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
11.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 55-58, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29889

ABSTRACT

Mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma of the lung is an extremely rare benign epithelial tumor showing a mixture of squamous and glandular epithelium. Here, we report a case of mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma that presented as a solitary nodule in the left lower lobe of a 64-year-old woman. Chest computed tomography demonstrated a lobulated mass in the basal segment of the left lower lobe. The patient underwent a lobectomy under the suspicion of lung malignancy. The histopathological diagnosis was mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Diagnosis , Epithelium , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Papilloma , Thorax
12.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 63-65, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29887

ABSTRACT

Ameloblastomas are rare odontogenic epithelial tumors that occur mainly in the mandible. Despite their benign histologic appearance, they are locally aggressive with a high recurrence rate. However, a metastasizing ameloblastoma has been rarely reported. According to the current World Health Organization classification system, the definitive diagnosis of metastasizing ameloblastoma can only be carried out in retrospect, after the event of metastasis. This case report describes a patient with metastatic pulmonary ameloblastoma, 17 years after the surgical excision of an odontogenic tumor, preoperatively misdiagnosed as primary squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ameloblastoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Classification , Diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms , Mandible , Neoplasm Metastasis , Odontogenic Tumors , Recurrence , World Health Organization
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 276-284, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78974

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Locally advanced esophageal cancers are generally treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, followed by surgery in operable candidates. However, even if the patients were diagnosed as operable disease, surgery could not be performed on patients with poor condition or other comorbidity. In this case, definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) is the other option for localized esophageal cancer. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and clinical prognostic factors for dCRT in locally advanced esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a review of patients who received dCRT for locally advanced squamous esophageal cancer from 2004 to 2010, focusing on stages III and IVa. All patients received at least two cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy during radiation, and all tumor burdens were included in the radiation field. The treatment results were analyzed for patterns of failure and prognostic factors associated with survival. RESULTS: In total, 63 patients were enrolled in this study. The overall response rate was 84.1%. Relief from dysphagia after dCRT was achieved in 48 patients. The most frequent failure was local recurrence. The median overall survival (OS) was 23.0 months, and the 2-year survival rate was 45.4%. Similar results were observed for elderly study patients. Significant prognostic factors for OS were duration of smoking, high grade of dysphagia (score of 3 or 4), and shorter duration of progression-free and dysphagia-free survival. Maintenance chemotherapy after dCRT did not influence OS. However, "good risk" patients receiving maintenance chemotherapy showed better OS than those who did not receive maintenance chemotherapy (30.4 months vs. 12.0 months, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: dCRT has a major role in improving survival and palliation of dysphagia in inoperable advanced esophageal cancer, even in elderly patients. Maintenance chemotherapy after dCRT may be effective in prolonging survival in "good risk" patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemoradiotherapy , Comorbidity , Deglutition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , Maintenance Chemotherapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Smoke , Smoking , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden
14.
Journal of Lung Cancer ; : 89-93, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178020

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Lung cancer has been the leading cause of death in South Korea since the year 2000. Adenocarcinoma became the most frequent type in the national survey of lung cancer since year 2005. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 5,456 cases with lung cancer from 2004 to 2012 in a community cancer center. The mean age was 69.9 years, and 78.9% was male. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma (ADC, 40.8%) was the most frequent type, followed by squamous cell carcinoma (SQC, 36.4%), small cell carcinoma (SCC, 14.8%) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) not otherwise specified (8.1%). In male patients, SQC was the most frequent type (43.5%), while ADC showed highest incidence in females (72.6%). Anatomic stage at diagnosis in NSCLC was I (10.3%), II (5.8%), IIIA (15.7%), IIIB (19.2%), and IV (49.0%). In SCC, 41.7% was in limited stage and 58.3% was diagnosed in extensive stage. The proportion of never smoker has been increased from 19.1% in 2004~2008 to 25.4% in 2009~2012. Never-smokers are more likely to be female (68.2% vs. 4.0%, p<0.001), have ADC (69.9% vs. 31.3%, p<0.001), and manifest as stage IV disease (58.5% vs. 45.2%, p<0.001), compared to smokers. Among 1,908 cases whose initial treatment was recorded, 42.5% received chemotherapy, 25.7% received radiation treatment, 20.5% received surgery and the remaining 11.3% received supportive cares only or transferred to other health care facilities. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, proportion of lung cancer in never-smoker is increasing. As screening for smokers will miss this growing population, we need to discover biomarkers to find high risk population of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cause of Death , Delivery of Health Care , Incidence , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Republic of Korea , Smoking
15.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 170-174, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58380

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Making the distinction between large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is difficult in some samples of biopsy tissues, but we have to separate LCNEC from SCLC because the two types of cancer may need different therapy and they have different prognostic implications. Thus far, there are no specific immunohistochemical markers that allow distinguishing these two kinds of tumors. METHODS: We performed an immunohistochemical analysis to study the expressions of p63, Bcl-2, and 34betaE12 and to investigate whether these 3 molecules have correlations in LCNEC and SCLC. We also evaluated the expression of the neuroendocrine markers chromogranin, synaptophysin and CD56. RESULTS: A statistical analysis was performed for p63, Bcl-2, and 34betaE12 in separate and combined panels. According to the combinations of p63, Bcl-2, and 34betaE12, there were frequent expressions of p63-/Bcl-2+ or Bcl-2+/34betaE12- in the SCLC, and there was a superior proportion of them in the SCLC rather than that in the LCNEC. The p63-/Bcl-2+ and Bcl-2+/34betaE12- antibody combinations showed higher specificities compared to any single antibody for diagnosing SCLC. CONCLUSIONS: Bcl-2 and selective p63 or 34betaE12 made up a most useful panel of markers for making the differential diagnosis of LCNEC and SCLC.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Diagnosis, Differential , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Synaptophysin
16.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 144-149, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63132

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many studies have demonstrated the various therapeutic options for treating hemoptysis caused by inflammatory lung disease. However, there is debate over the surgical management of the ongoing hemoptysis. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical results of pulmonary resection that was done due to hemoptysis in patients with concomitant inflammatory lung disease. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of 75 patients who received pulmonary resection for hemoptysis and concomitant inflammatory lung disease between 2001 and 2007. The mean age was 52.1+/-12.5 years old, and the male; female ratio was 52:23. RESULT: The underlying disease was aspergilloma in 30 patients (40%), pulmonary tuberculosis in 20 patients, bronchiectasis in 18 patients and other causes in 7 patients. The surgical treatment included lobectomy in 55 patients, bilobectony in 2 patients, pneumonectomy in 17 patients and wedge resection in 1 patient. There were 3 early deaths, and the causes of death were pneumonia in 1 patient and BPF in 2 patients. The early mortality was statistically higher for such risk factors as a preoperative Hgb level <10 g/dL, COPD and an emergency operation. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, pulmonary resection for treating hemoptysis showed the acceptable range of mortality and it was an effective method for the management of hemoptysis in patients with inflammatory lung disease. However, relatively high rates of mortality and morbidity were noted for an emergency operation, and so meticulous care is needed in this situation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Bronchiectasis , Cause of Death , Emergencies , Hemoptysis , Lung , Lung Diseases , Pneumonectomy , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 173-175, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8091

ABSTRACT

We report a case of tension pneumothorax after an endoscopic sphincterotomy. A 78-yr-old woman presented with progressing dyspnea. She had undergone an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram three days before due to acute cholecystitis. She underwent endoscopic sphincterotomy for stone extraction, but the procedure failed. On arrival to our hospital, she complained about severe dyspnea and she had subcutaneous emphysema. A computed tomogram scan revealed severe subcutaneous emphysema, right-side tension pneumothorax, and pneumoretroperitoneum. Contrast media injected through a transnasal biliary drainage catheter spilled from the second portion of the duodenum. A second abdominal computed tomogram showed multiple air densities in the retroperitoneum and peritoneal cavity, which were consistent with panperitonitis. We recommended an emergent laparotomic exploration, but the patient's guardians refused. She died eventually due to septic shock. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram is a popular procedure for biliary and pancreatic diseases, but it can cause severe complications such as intestinal perforation. Besides perforations, air can spread through the abdominal cavity, retroperitoneum, mediastinum, and the neck soft tissue, eventually causing pneumothorax. Early recognition and appropriate management is crucial to an optimal output of gastrointestinal perforation and pneumothorax.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Acute Disease , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/adverse effects , Cholecystitis/diagnosis , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Pneumothorax/diagnosis , Retropneumoperitoneum/diagnosis , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 392-395, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103129

ABSTRACT

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) commonly originates in the major salivary glands and respiratory tract, but it is extremely rare to find ACC in the esophagus. ACC of the esophagus is clinopathologically different from the salivary gland variant. It shows more aggressive malignant behavior and a very poor prognosis. We report here on the surgical and clinopathologic findings of an ACC of the esophagus in a 65-year-old man, and we also include a review of the relevant medical literature


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Adenoids , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Prognosis , Respiratory System , Salivary Glands
19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 1068-1072, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-654651

ABSTRACT

A 68-year-old male visited the hospital presenting swallowing difficulty that persisted for 30 years. In the military service, the patient accidentally ingested glacial acetic acid and esophageal obstruction was developed. Transverse and left colon was used for reconstruction for esophagus. The colon was pulled up via substernal route and anastomosed to pyriform sinus proximally and body of stomach distally. Partial resection of the manubrium and clavicular head was performed to avoid interference with the passage of the esophageal substitute. There was no operative complication except vocal cord palsy. Under fluoroscopy, the swallowing time of barium from the pharynx to the level of the diaphragm was 4 to 6 seconds. The patient could swallow solid food without aspiration, obstruction, or significant regurgitation 2.5 months after the surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Acetic Acid , Barium , Colon , Deglutition , Diaphragm , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus , Fluoroscopy , Head , Hypopharynx , Manubrium , Military Personnel , Pharynx , Pyriform Sinus , Stomach , Vocal Cord Paralysis
20.
Journal of Lung Cancer ; : 75-80, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65378

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE : Since the year 2000, lung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer death in South Korea and also in many other parts of the world. MATERIALS AND METHODS : We developed a multidisciplinary (MD) care system for lung cancer patients in 1996. Here, we report the results obtained in the process of development of MD team (MDT). RESULTS : The MDT was launched with including medical doctors, chest surgeons, radiation oncologists, radiologists, nuclear medicine specialists and physician assistants. To facilitate co-operation between the MDT members, a specialized out-patient clinic was located within a sector of the hospital. A common ward was allocated for lung cancer patients regardless of the department of the attending physician. Shared electronic medical record forms that were specialized for lung cancer were developed. The MDT operates weekly lung cancer conferences and multidisciplinary out-patient clinics. To make diagnostic or therapeutic decisions early on, the electronic medical records of the patients were previewed or consulted by the specialists before they meet the individual patients. CONCLUSION : Despite every effort, we still need to shorten the waiting time from presentation to the first treatment and we need to improve the patients' satisfaction. We also have a mission to develop our own regulations and guidelines for our lung cancer MD care system. Clinical trials and basic research should also be encouraged along with improving the quality of life of the team members


Subject(s)
Humans , Congresses as Topic , Electronic Health Records , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Religious Missions , Nuclear Medicine , Outpatients , Physician Assistants , Quality of Life , Republic of Korea , Social Control, Formal , Specialization , Thorax
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