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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 70-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005909

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the noise hazard level of a coal mining enterprise, and identify high-risk operation types and people, and to provide a basis for preventing and controlling the health damage caused by noise. Methods A large coal mining enterprise in Shaanxi Province was selected as the research object. The noise monitoring data of the coal mine over the years was used to calculate the noise exposure matrix of each post in the enterprise, and the classification of occupational hazards at workplaces (GBZ/T 229.4-2012) was used to assess the occupational health risk levels. Results Among the 22 noise-exposed positions in the enterprise, the 8-hour working day equivalent sound level in positions of shearer driver, horseshoe driver, crusher driver, shuttle driver, relaxation screen driver, and grading screen driver were all higher than the occupational exposure limit of noise. In 2021, the noise exposure levels of shearer drivers, crusher drivers, and coal-selecting workers were all higher than 90 dB (A), and the occupational hazard level was moderate hazard level. In addition, the noise exposure levels of most other jobs also exceeded the occupational exposure limit. Conclusion The noise hazards in the coal mine industry are mainly concentrated in the posts of the coal mining system, tunneling system, and screening workshop. Among them, the shearer driver, the crusher driver, and the coal preparation workers have higher noise exposure levels. It is recommended to take corresponding noise reduction measures and strengthen the protection level to reduce the noise exposure risk of workers.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 201-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014195

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of TRPC5 gene on the inflammation of cliabetie cardiomyopathy.Methods The biological functions of TRPC5 and the correlation between TRPC5 gene and other genes were analyzed by bioinformatics.Studies were performed in TRPC5 knockout ( TRPC5 ) and C57 mice.Mice were randomly divided into blank control and T2DM model groups, and the model was established by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (n = 10).The myocardial injury was detected by HE and Masson staining.Hie level of serum IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6, IFN-7 and creatine kinase was examined by ELISA.Gene and protein expressions of IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6 and TRPC5 were analysed by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.Results By constructing the PPI network and analyses.the TRPC5 gene was identified to internet with a variety inflammatory genes and involved in immunity.The result of pathologieal section showed less myocardial damage and infiltrated immune cells in TRPC5 mice than in C57BL/6J mice.RT-PCR and serum results showed a lower expression of inflammatory factors in myocardium and serum obtained from TRPC5 model mice than in those obtained from C57BL/6J model mice.Conclusions TRPC5 participates in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy by regulating cardio- myocyte inflammation.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 258-264, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Herbal medicine is an important therapeutic option for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disease in older men that can seriously affect their quality of life. Currently, it is crucial to develop agents with strong efficacy and few side effects. Herein we investigated the effects of the extract of Rauwolfia vomitoria, a shrub grown in West Africa, on BPH.@*METHODS@#Rats with testosterone-induced BPH were treated with R. vomitoria. Prostates were histologically analyzed by Hematoxylin and eosin staining. Proliferation index and the expression levels of androgen receptor and its associated proteins were quantified through immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. Androgen receptor target genes were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The sperm count and body weight of rats were also measured.@*RESULTS@#The oral administration of R. vomitoria extract significantly reduced the prostate weight and prostate weight index in BPH rats, supported by the decreased thickness of the prostate epithelial layer and increased lumen size. Similar effects were observed in the BPH rats treated with the reference drug, finasteride. R. vomitoria extract significantly reduced the testosterone-induced proliferation markers, including proliferating cell nuclear antigen and cyclin D1, in the prostate glands of BPH rats; it also reduced levels of androgen receptor, its associated protein steroid 5α-reductase 1 and its downstream target genes (FK506-binding protein 5 and matrix metalloproteinase 2). Notably, compared with the finasteride group, R. vomitoria extract did not significantly reduce sperm count.@*CONCLUSION@#R. vomitoria suppresses testosterone-induced BPH development. Due to its milder side effects, R. vomitoria could be a promising therapeutic agent for BPH.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 877-879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866928

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a common clinical critical disease, which is one of the main causes of septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Since traditional clinical interventions are simple and limited, the mortality of sepsis remains high and is also one of the main causes of death of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Nicotinamide has a wide range of cytoprotective effects. A large number of studies have shown that nicotinamide can play an important role in infection and sepsis by repairing mitochondrial function to restore adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, inhibiting poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation, inhibiting proinflammatory mediators and antioxidant damage. This article reviews the pathogenesis of sepsis and the role of nicotinamide in sepsis treatment, aiming to provide references for exploring new therapeutic directions and effective therapeutic measures for sepsis.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 854-860, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008511

ABSTRACT

L_9(3~4) orthogonal experiment design was used to optimize the preparation of the patches,and investigate its affecting factors and skin irritation. Eugenol was taken as the index component to study the release behavior in vitro and percutaneous penetration of Cangai oil transfersomes patches by HPLC.The results showed that the optimal prescription for preparing Cangai oil transfersomes patches were Eudragit E100 0.6 g, succinic acid 0.08 g,triethyl citrate 0.25 g,glycerol 0.2 g.Patches prepared by the preferred preparation had a flat appearance without obvious bubbles.The initial adhesion was 18.33±2.52, the stickiness was(30.01±2.45) min,and the peel strength was(5.62±0.95) kN·m~(-1).The results of affecting factors experiment showed the order of factors affecting its adhesion was humidity>temperature>lighting,and the skin irritation test results showed no significant skin irritation after 24 h of single administration. The results of drug release behavior in vitro showed that the release and the percutaneous penetration of both Cangai oil patches and Cangai oil transfersomes patches conformed to the Higuchi equation.The release amount of eugenol were 80.66% and 82.25% at 72 h, with no significant difference. The cumulative permeation area of eugenol per unit area reached(0.195 6±0.065 9),(0.131 0±0.045 5) mg·cm~(-2) at 72 h, with significant differences(P<0.05).The experiment results proved that the preparation process of Cangai oil transfersomes patches was stable,and the prepared patches had a good adhesion. At the same time,the preparation of transfersomes patches could alleviate and control the release of the drug to a certain extent, and provide a certain experimental basis for clinical pediatric drug safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Cutaneous , Drug Carriers , Drug Liberation , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids , Skin/drug effects , Skin Absorption , Transdermal Patch
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 990-995, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) in assessing the severity of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) in children.@*METHODS@#A prospective analysis was performed on 59 children who were diagnosed with BO from June 2009 to October 2014. ELISA was used to measure the concentrations of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA and proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA in serum. According to the results of ELISA, the children were divided into three groups: double-negative ANCA (n=22), single-positive ANCA (n=17), and double-positive ANCA (n=20). The three groups were compared in terms of the scores of BO risk factors, clinical symptoms, chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and lung pathology on admission, as well as the changes in the expression level of ANCA and the scores of clinical symptoms and chest HRCT over time.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the double-negative ANCA group, the double-positive ANCA group had a significantly higher score of BO risk factors (P0.05). The single-positive ANCA and double-positive ANCA groups still had a significantly higher score of clinical symptoms than the double-negative ANCA group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression level of ANCA is correlated with the severity of BO in children and thus has certain clinical significance in disease evaluation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Bronchiolitis Obliterans , Myeloblastin , Peroxidase , Prospective Studies
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1163-1166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791045

ABSTRACT

Infection is one of the main causes of death in clinical patients, and multi-drug resistance leads to ineffective treatment with conventional antibiotics. Therefore, it is imperative to develop new anti-infective drugs. Antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins are cationic host defense peptides found in many organisms. It has been demonstrated by in vivo and in vitro studies that antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins not only show broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and high sensitivity to drug-resistant bacteria, but also have a good guiding effect on the immune response. This paper summarizes the reports of antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins in recent years, highlighting their research achievements in antibiosis, anti-inflammatory, chemotaxis regulation and phagocytosis, providing new ideas for the treatment of infection-related diseases.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 777-780, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754054

ABSTRACT

Infectious and inflammatory diseases are important diseases threatening human health. Without timely control, a series of complications will occur in patients, such as sepsis, inflammatory factor storm, and even lead to death. It has been found that cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) plays a key role in the development of infectious and inflammatory diseases through aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) dependent and non-dependent pathways in different cells and organs induced by different substances. The non AhR dependent regulatory mechanism of CYP1A1 and the different roles of CYP1A1 in infection and inflammation is reviewed in order to provide reference for further research on the relationship between CYP1A1 and infection and inflammation.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1163-1166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797540

ABSTRACT

Infection is one of the main causes of death in clinical patients, and multi-drug resistance leads to ineffective treatment with conventional antibiotics. Therefore, it is imperative to develop new anti-infective drugs. Antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins are cationic host defense peptides found in many organisms. It has been demonstrated by in vivo and in vitro studies that antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins not only show broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and high sensitivity to drug-resistant bacteria, but also have a good guiding effect on the immune response. This paper summarizes the reports of antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins in recent years, highlighting their research achievements in antibiosis, anti-inflammatory, chemotaxis regulation and phagocytosis, providing new ideas for the treatment of infection-related diseases.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 810-814, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703721

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a critical complication of severe trauma, large area burns, infection, and major surgery etc., which can induce septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and its incidence and mortality are always high. Nuclear factor-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf 2) is an important transcription factor of antioxidant stress response. It plays a key role in the treatment of sepsis by regulating the expression of antioxidant enzyme and phase Ⅱ detoxification enzyme mediated by antioxidant response element (ARE). In this article we review the changes, related regulation mechanism and reversing measures of Nrf 2 in sepsis, aiming to provide a reference for the effective intervention measures of sepsis.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 616-618, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703702

ABSTRACT

Glucose metabolic disorder is a common issue in sepsis and it leads to an increase in mortality. However, the therapeutic methods of the glucose metabolic disorders in sepsis patients need to be improved. Studying the mechanism of glucose metabolism disorder, and adjusting the existing treatment measures are especially significant in curing the sepsis. This review summarizes recent animal experiments and clinical studies about glucose change after septic complications, focusing on the treatment of three disorders including hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and blood glucose variability. They definitely provide new ideas for the control of blood glucose in sepsis patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2909-2914, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Lung invasive fungal infection is the main reason for the failure in renal transplant recipients. Caspofungin has specific anti-fungi mechanism, and can effectively prevent the candida fungus that is resistant to Fluconazol and Itraconazole. Caspofungin exerts good tolerance, without dose-or time-dependent toxicity. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Caspofungin in treatment of pulmonary invasive fungal infection fol owing kidney transplantation. METHODS:A retrospective analysis was performed in renal transplant patients who were diagnosed pulmonary invasive fungal infection in Department of Respiratory Medicine, Sanmenxia Central Hospital between January 2013 and December 2013. The patients were then treated with Caspofungin as antifungal therapy. The initial dose was 70 mg per day and then changed to 50 mg per day, via intravenous drip. After drug intervention, liver function was evaluated twice per week. The severity of liver functional impairment or emergency of new impairment indicated the adjustment of Caspofungin dose or withdrawal. The treatment was given for 10-14 days. The curative effect and adverse reaction of patients were observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Total 12 patients were treated, and the percentage of fungi microbiology evidence was 66.7%. Among these evidenced patients, candida fungus was the dominant, accounting for 75.0%, accompanying bacterial infection was found in 58.3%, accompanying cytomegalovirus infection was found in 25.0%. The effective treatment rate was up to 91.67%(11/12), the mortality was 8.33%(1/12), and the incidence of adverse reactions was 25%. Caspofungin effectively prevented pulmonary invasive fungal infection fol owing kidney transplantation, as empirical antifungal therapy, with low incidence of adverse reactions. Therefore Caspofungin is the preferred drug against pulmonary invasive fungal infection in renal transplant recipients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6040-6045, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474131

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The hedgehog pathway has paid an important role in the progress of chondrogenesis from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. However, the definite signal transduction pathway and cross-talking relationship with other common signal pathways are stil poorly understood and the researches related to this field is to continue as a hotspot in the future study. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the research progress of hedgehog signal pathway on the regulation of the chondrogenesis from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and the relationship between hedgehog and other signal pathways in the process. METHODS:A computer-based online search in CNKI, PubMed and Google Scholar databases was performed using key words of“Hedgehog, IHH, SHH, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, cartilage, chondrogenesis”in English and Chinese, respectively. Literatures related to the process of chondrogenesis from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were included and 36 articles were extensively summarized for review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells are currently accepted optimal cellseeds for the cartilage tissue engineering, and hedgehog is a critical signal molecule in the development of skeletal system. The IHH and SHH in hedgehog signal closely participate in control ing the processes of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellproliferation and chondrogenesis, chondrocyte phenotype maintenance and cooperation with other common single pathways. However, the specific signal transduction mechanism and cross-talking contact with other signal pathways stil need to be further studied, and it stands for the future research directions.

14.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 230-233, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855672

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents of Limonium sinense. Methods: Eleven compounds were isolated by extraction, preparation-TLC, repeat-silicagel column, Sephadex-LH20, and opened-ODS column chromatography, and identified on the basis of physicochemical constant and spectra analysis. Results: Eleven compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as isorhamnetin (1), mannitol (2), β-sitosterol (3), oleanolic acid (4), quercetin (5), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (6), ethylgallate (7), kaempferol (8), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (9), (+)-catechin (10), and isorhamnetin-3-rutinoside (11). Conclusion: Compounds 4, 6, 7,10, and 11 are obtained from L. sinense for the first time.

15.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 587-593, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354787

ABSTRACT

To develop a stable cell line that could express the RSV NS1, the full-length RSV NS1 gene was generated by RT-PCR amplification from respiratory syncytial virus. NS1 gene was ligated with pBABE-puro to construct the recombinant retroviral expression plasmid pBABE-NS1, which was cotransfected into 293FT packaging cells with PIK packaging plasmid by calcium phosphate co-precipitation. The supernatant of 293FT was collected to infect HEp-2 cells, the resulting cell clones stably expressing NS1 were screened by puromycin. Using QPCR, CPE staining method and indirect immunofluorescence assay, the expression of NS1 at both gene and protein levels was identified. The recombinant plasmid pBABE-NS1 was identified by EcoRI and BamHI endonuclease digestion and the sequence analysis. QPCR results showed that the NS1 gene amplification in HEp-2-NS1 cells was 8483 fold higher than that in HEp-2 cells. Although the exogenous interferon was added, all cells were destroyed after 48 hours post infection using CPE staining method, showing that HEp-2-NS1 cells remained sensitive to the VSV virus. The results of RT-PCR and indirect immunofluorescence assay showed that the NS1 gene in HEp-2 cells could not only transcribe mRNA, but also express NS1 protein steadily. We had successfully established HEp-2-NS1 cell lines with stable expression of respiratory syncytial virus non-structural protein NS1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Transformed , HEK293 Cells , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Genetics , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 139-142, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of different patterns of intermittent hypoxia on the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) of vascular endothelial cell.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The human umbilical vein endothelial cells of the line ECV304 were used to set up the cells model. The experiment cell strains contained one control group and eight experimental groups, 1 constance normoxia group (control group), 3 different intermittent hypoxia (IH) degree groups (10% O₂ group, 1.5% O₂ group, 0.5% O₂ group with 12 times/h), 4 different IH frequency groups (40 times/h, 20 times/h, 12 times/h, 9 times/h and 6 times/h with 0.5%O2). The specimen were put into a program-controlled gas delivery system with different level and frequency of IH respectively. Then enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the levels of IL-6 and IL-8.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Higher level of IL-6 and IL-8 were found in 3 different IH degree groups than in control group (F were 1961.100 and 103.855 respectively, P all < 0.001). The level of IL-6 and IL-8 was gradually increased with the decreasing of IH degree. The difference of IL-6 and IL-8 levels between each two different groups in IH degree was significant (P all < 0.05). The level of IL-6 and IL-8 groups was significantly different in severe IH exposure (F were 544.396 and 149.328 respectively, P all < 0.001 in both groups). There was a trend as the IH frequency decreased, the level of IL-6 and IL-8 was tenderly increased in 20/hour group (P < 0.05), highest in 12/hour group (P < 0.05), decreased in 9/hour group (P < 0.05), and decreased further in 6/hour group (P < 0.05) in severe IH expose. There was statistical significance between each two different frequency IH groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intermittent hypoxia caused significant inflammatory reaction in vascular endothelial cells. The secreted level of IL-6 and IL-8 depended on the degree of hypoxia. There was a trend as the level of IH frequency decreased, the level of IL-6 and IL-8 gradually increased at first, and then decreased in the same way.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Bodily Secretions , Interleukin-8 , Bodily Secretions , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 58-62, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334762

ABSTRACT

Nine primers were designed for the full-length genome of O/CHINA/99 and each sequence fragment was obtained by RT-PCR, and cloned into pOK12 vecter, the full-length genome cDNA clone of O/CHINA/99 was identified by restriction enzymes digestion, PCR, and the whole genome sequencing. The results showed that the O/CHINA/99 whole genome was formed with the length of 8200 nt. The nucleotide sequence of the full-length cDNA shared 99.1% homology with its prototype. RNA synthesized in vitro by means of a bacteriophage T7 promter inserted in front of the cDNA led to the production of infectious particle upon transfection of BHK-21 cell using lipofectamine reagent, as shown by cytopathic effects. The rescued virus had high pathogenicity in mice by endermic infection too. All the results showed that an infectious molecular clone was successfully constructed and rescued virus could be obtained.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Humans , Mice , Animals, Newborn , Cell Line , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Virology , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus , Genetics , Virulence , Models, Genetic , Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of total parenteral nutrition for patients with tetanus. Methods:TPN was used in 13 tetanus patients. The nutrition parameters were recorded in these patients and compared with those in 25 tetanus patients without TPN. Results:Compared with the control, body weight, albumin, Hb, peripheral lymphocyte count in TPN group were higher and the complication and mortality were less. Conclusions:Total parenteral nutrition can improve nutrition parameters and prognosis of tetanus patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564122

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment for the patients infected with Candida species.Methods A total of 47 patients with persistent fever,pathology of pulmonary infection,no response to the antibiotic therapy,Candida species found in sputum after long time hospitalization were retrospectively analyzed.Results The 47 patients were 24 males and 23 females.The mean age was 57.0?16.1.The mean temperature was(38.4?0.6)℃ and all lasted for over 6 days.Pulmonary infections with Candida species was diagnosed at the(17.7?5.2)th day after admission.The species isolated were 38 strains Candida albicans,5 strains Candida glabrata,2 strains Candida kruseic,1 strain Candida tropicalis,and 1 strain Candida lusitaniae.Fluconazole was given to 28 patients(2 with voriconazole as sequential therapy),itraconazole to 9(2 with voriconazole too),voriconazole in 7(including the 4 patients mentioned above),Casfungin aceate to 7,Amphotericin B to 1(Casfungin aceate was given alone later for serious adverse reactions).Results two patients infected with C.albicans and Candida glabrata separately had no improvement in the 28 patients treated with fluconazole,but voriconazole showed good effect on the 2 patients.Two patients infected with C.albicans and Candida glabrata separately had no improvement to itraconazole in the 9 patients treated with Itraconazole,but voriconazole showed good effect on them too.The 7 patients treated with voriconazole all had good effect,including 3 infected with Candida glabrata,1 with Candida lusitaniae,3 with C.albicans.Conclusion Candida albicans is the main pathogen in this group of invasive pulmonary infections with Candida species.All the patients have fever and long-time hospitalization.The currently used antifungal drugs,such as voriconazole,Casfungin aceate,are reliable.Caspofungin is generally better tolerated than other antifungal drugs.

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