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1.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2656-2660, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are few studies about prostaglandin E1 in the paracrine and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of prostaglandin E1 in the paracrine and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells isolated from Sprague Dawley rats were cultured in vitro. Passage 3 cells were co-cultured with prostaglandin E1 at concentrations of 10 μg/L, and then culture supernatant was collected at 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after co-culture. The level of vascular endothelial growth factor was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Effects of prostaglandin E1 on the migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were detected by Transwell assay and cell scratch assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After treatment with prostaglandin E1 for 3 hours, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells began to secrete vascular endothelial growth factors, and the secretion level was peaked at 24 hours and then gradually decreased. Results from the Transwell assay and cell scratch assay showed that the migration ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was significantly promoted by prostaglandin E1 (P < 0.05). Overall findings reveal that prostaglandin E1 promotes the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and enhances cell migration.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 589-593, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611643

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the antagonistic effect of ω-3PUFAs on cognitive impairment in MK-801-induced schizophrenia (SZ) rats and its mechanism.Methods Rat model of schizophrenia was induced by MK-801.Morris water maze was used to detect the change of cognitive function in rats.The number of neonatal neurons in hippocampus was detected by Brdu staining.CREB,p-CREB,BDNF,TrkB and p-TrkB levels were detected by Weston Blot.Results MK-801 induced schizophrenia-like cognitive impairment (the escape latency in the water maze test was (6.51±3.10)s for Ctr group,(15.27±6.20)s for Mod group;acrossing times was (4.63±1.06) times for Ctr group,(2.00±1.15) times for Mod group),reduced the number of neonatal neurons in hippocampus (the relative level of neonatal neuron number per unit area,Mod/Ctr was 0.656±0.066) and impaired the CREB/BDNF/TrkB pathway (the relative level of gray value,Mod/Ctr:CREB was 0.393±0.065,p-CREB was 0.591±0.015,BDNF was 0.716±0.115,TrkB was 0.787±0.029,p-TrkB was 0.586±0.013).ω-3PUFAs improved the CREB/BDNF/TrkB pathway activity by increasing CREB and TrKB level and their phosphorylation (the relative level of gray value,Pre/Ctr:CREB was 1.139±0.111,p-CREB was 0.845±0.243,BDNF was 0.864±0.133,TrkB was 0.916±0.022,p-TrkB was 0.952±0.047),and then recovered the number of neonatal neurons in hippocampus (the relative level of neonatal neuron number per unit area,Pre/ Ctr was 1.183±0.101),thereby reduced the cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia rats(the escape latency in the water maze was (7.44±4.55)s for Pre;acrossing times was (3.86±1.68) times for Pre).Conclusion ω-3PUFAs can relieve the MK-801-induced schizophrenia-like cognitive impairment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 643-646, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the methods of preventing and managing the complications in thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods:The participants of this study included 317 patients undergoing lobectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery between January 2007 and December 2012. Intra-operative complications were observed, and countermeasures were summarized. Results: Complications occurred 28 times (8.8%), including bleeding in 16 cases because of accidental vascular injury (5.0%), accidental injury/break of bronchus in two cases (0.6%), vascular stump errhysis from cutting stapler in four cases (1.3%), lung stump air leakage in three cases (0.9%), lung injury in two cases (0.6%), and diaphragmatic injury in one case (0.3%). Conversion to thoracotomy was conducted in 17 cases, with a conversion rate of 5.4%. Thoracoscopic repair operation was performed in 14 cases that exhibited bleeding, with a success rate of 70% (14/20). No mortality was reported during the operation. Conclusion:Thoracoscopic lobectomy is a highly difficult method in thoracic surgeries. The procedure requires substantial attention on the timely prevention and correct management of intra-operative complications, particularly the injury and bleeding of major vessels, to reduce the rate of conversion to thoracotomy and the incidence of post-operative complications, as well as to promote the surgery in clinics.

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