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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773699

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Tripterygium wilfordii processed with licorice on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis( UC) mice and its regulation on intestinal immune system. In this study,a DSS-induced animal model of UC mice was established,with mesalazine( Mes) as a positive drug. The pharmacodynamic effects of low( PT1) and high( PT2)doses of T. wilfordii processed with licorice were analyzed by disease activity index( DAI),colon length and colon histopathological score in mice. By detecting the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 cytokines in the serum of mice,immunohistochemical CD3+T and Fox P3+Treg staining in the colon of mice,the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects of T. wilfordii processed with licorice on UC mice were analyzed. The hepatotoxicity of each dose of T. wilfordii processed with licorice was also analyzed by HE staining in liver tissue of mice and ALT and AST levels in serum. The results showed that the colitis symptoms of the mice in the PT1 group and the PT2 group were alleviated,the inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced. And the expression of inflammatory factors was decreased,the difference was statistically significant compared with the model group( P<0. 05). The HE staining and ALT and AST levels in the high dose group and low dose group were not significantly different from those in the normal group. The results showed that T. wilfordii processed with licorice has the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects on UC mice,and the dose did not show significant hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Therapy , Dextran Sulfate , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1077-1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779697

ABSTRACT

In this study, rats were used to evaluate the effect of Radix glycyrrhiza on reducing liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii. Metabonomics techniques were used to analyze the changes of small molecular metabolites and the metabolic pathways involved in the beneficial process. Different groups of rats were given for the extractions from Tripterygium wilfordii and Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhiza. The general state, pathological changes of liver tissue, biochemical indexes of liver function and the changes of inflammatory factors in rats were observed. The results showed that the liver tissue injury of Tripterygium wilfordii group was significant, and the injury was reduced by Radix glycyrrhiza. Biochemical indexes and inflammatory factors also suggested that Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity. HPLC-MS/MS-IT-TOF was used to characterize the difference of serum metabolism in rats. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen 15 potential biomarkers, such as fatty acid, glycerol ester, glycerol phosphate, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. It mainly involved in 7 metabolic pathways, such as glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, alpha linoleic acid metabolism, and glycosyl phosphatidylinositol terminal biosynthesis. The results showed that the Tripterygium wilfordii compatibility of Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity induced by Tripterygium wilfordii. Phospholipid metabolism may be the key metabolic pathway of Tripterygium wilfordii hepatotoxicity and the target of Radix glycyrrhiza. This study provides a reference for the control of liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230984

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of the licorice-processed Tripterygium wilfordii on reducing the liver toxicity. In animal experiments, the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii was evaluated both before and after processing, and the differences in liver tissue biopsy, serum biochemical indexes and inflammatory cell factor among blank group, T. wilfordii group and licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were observed. Liver tissue biopsy results showed that liver tissue injury was obvious in T. wilfordii group, and no obvious injury was found in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. As compared with the blank group, the levels of AST, ALT and CRE were significantly increased (P<0.01), UREA was increased (P<0.05), and ALB level was significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the T. wilfordii group. As compared with T. wilfordii group, the levels of AST, ALT, CRE, and UREA were decreased (P<0.01), while ALB was increased (P<0.01) in the licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. The results of inflammatory factors in rats showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in T. wilfordii group were significantly higher than those in blank group (P<0.01); the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were significantly lower than those in T. wilfordii group (P<0.01). Overall, licorice processing of T. wilfordii can effectively reduce the liver toxicity and reduce the liver injury caused by T. wilfordii. The experiment can provide reference for the clinical rational use of the T. wilfordii, and provide data support for the studies on reducing the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii by licorice processing.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230978

ABSTRACT

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was used for determination of metabolic fingerprint spectrum in rat serum, and the method of multivariate statistical analysis was used to compare the metabolism spectrum difference and screen significantly related biomarkers. The dynamic change trend was investigated at the same time. The dynamic metabonomics changes of liver injury in rats caused by Polygonum multifulorum(PM) were investigated; significantly related biomarkers were found and their dynamic change trend was investigated to provide basis for internal mechanism and early clinical diagnosis. There was certain difference in serum metabolic profile of the rats at different time points. Six potential biomarkers were screened through comparative analysis, including oleamide, lysoPC(16∶0), leukotriene A4, trans-tetra-dec-2-enoic acid, dihydrocortisol and 7a-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone. These markers presented the dynamic change trend in the process of PM causing liver damage. The biomarkers contents had a significant change after one week of drug administration, more sensitive than ALT and AST. It can reveal the dynamic mechanism of PM causing liver damage and hepatic self-healing performance to some extent, with important application value and significance for monitoring liver function and early detecting diagnosis for patients with PM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258442

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the spectrum-effect correlation analysis method was used to explore the main effective components of Tripterygium wilfordii for liver toxicity, and provide reference for promoting the quality control of T. wilfordii. Chinese medicine T.wilfordii was taken as the study object, and LC-Q-TOF-MS was used to characterize the chemical components in T. wilfordii samples from different areas, and their main components were initially identified after referring to the literature. With the normal human hepatocytes (LO2 cell line)as the carrier, acetaminophen as positive medicine, and cell inhibition rate as testing index, the simple correlation analysis and multivariate linear correlation analysis methods were used to screen the main components of T. wilfordii for liver toxicity. As a result, 10 kinds of main components were identified, and the spectrum-effect correlation analysis showed that triptolide may be the toxic component, which was consistent with previous results of traditional literature. Meanwhile it was found that tripterine and demethylzeylasteral may greatly contribute to liver toxicity in multivariate linear correlation analysis. T. wilfordii samples of different varieties or different origins showed large difference in quality, and the T. wilfordii from southwest China showed lower liver toxicity, while those from Hunan and Anhui province showed higher liver toxicity. This study will provide data support for further rational use of T. wilfordii and research on its liver toxicity ingredients.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 973-979, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257039

ABSTRACT

The dosage-efficacy/toxicity relationship of the 50% alcohol extracts of Polygonum multiflorum was comparatively investigated on either normal or CCl4-induced chronic liver injury rats, by determining the general condition, serum biochemical indices and liver histopathology, coupled with the factor analysis. The dosages were 10 and 20 g raw materials per kg body weight. Compared with the normal control group, the normal high dose group showed significant increases of the serum alanine transaminase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), high mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), as well the frequent incidences of inflammatory cell infiltration, hepatic sinus enlargement and fiber stripes formation in histopathological sections. Compared with the model control group, the model low dose group showed significant declines of serum ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST) and total bile acid (TBA) (P < 0.05), as well the alleviation of vacuoles of hepatocytes, but no amelioration of the inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrous tissue hyperplasia; moreover, the model high dose group showed significant degeneration declines of serum HMGB-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1β (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), as well the evident alleviation of vacuoles degeneration of hepatocytes, inflammatory cells infiltration and fibrosis degree. The factor analysis showed that the low dosage treatment had almost neither injuring effect on the normal rats nor protective effect on the model rats; while the high dosage treatment showed observable injuring effect on the normal rats, expressed by the significant increases of the factor-1 (HMGB-1, TNF-α and IL-1β as the main contributors) and factor-2 (TBIL, ALT and TBA as the main contributors) relative to the normal control group. The liver protective effect of the high dosage treatment could be observed with the significant reduction of the factor-1, indicating the effective alleviation of the expression of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, it could illustrated the phenomenon of symptom-based prescription theory of Polygonum multiflorum on rat livers: the high dosage of the herb had either an injuring effect on normal rats, or a therapeutic effect on the rats with chronic liver injury.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Bile Acids and Salts , Metabolism , Bilirubin , Blood , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fallopia multiflora , Chemistry , HMGB1 Protein , Metabolism , Hepatocytes , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Liver , Pathology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337936

ABSTRACT

Toxicity of different processed was evaluated Polygoni Multiflori Radix by determining the hepatotoxic potency for selecting processing technology. Process Polygoni Multiflori Radix using high pressure steamed, Black Bean high pressure steamed, atmospheric steamed for different time. Using normal human hepatocytes (L02) as evaluation model, hepatotoxic potency as index to evaluate hepatotoxic potency of different processed Polygoni Multiflori Radix. Analysis chemical composition of some processed products by UPLC-MS. Hepatotoxic bioassay method cloud evaluate the toxicity of different Polygoni Multiflori Radix samples. Different processing methods can reduce the toxicity of Polygoni Multiflori Radix, high pressure steamed three hours attenuated was better. Different processing methods have different effects on chemical constituents of Polygoni Multiflori Radix. Comparing with crude sample, the contents of gallic acid, 2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxyl diphenylethylene-2-O-glucoside, emodin-8-O-beta glucoside and emodin were decreased in processed products with 3 kinds of different methods. The change trend of 2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxyl diphenylethylene-2-O-glucoside content was similar with hepatotoxic potency. Different processing methods can reduce the toxicity of Polygoni Multiflori Radix. Processing methods and time attenuated obvious impact on toxicity. Recommended further research on the attehuated standard control of Polygoni Multiflori Radix concocted.


Subject(s)
Biological Assay , Cell Line , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Fallopia multiflora , Chemistry , Toxicity , Hepatocytes , Humans , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Toxicity
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237720

ABSTRACT

In this paper, biomarkers of liver toxicity of Triptergium wilfordii based on metabolomics was screened, and mechanism of liver toxicity was explored to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis for liver toxicity of Triptergium wilfordii. MS method was carried on the analysis to metabolic fingerprint spectrum between treatment group and control group. The potential biomarkers were compared and screened using the multivariate statistical methods. As well, metabolic pathway would be detailed description. Combined with PCA and OPLS-DA pattern recognition analysis, 20 metabolites were selected which showed large differences between model group and blank group (VIP > 1.0). Seven possible endogenous biomarkers were analyzed and identified. They were 6-phosphate glucosamine, lysophospholipid, tryptophan, guanidine acetic acid, 3-indole propionic acid, cortisone, and ubiquinone. The level changes of above metabolites indicated that the metabolism pathways of amino acid, glucose, phospholipid and hormone were disordered. It is speculated that liver damage of T. wilfordii may be associated with the abnormal energy metabolism in citric acid cycle, amino acid metabolism in urea cycle, and glucose metabolism. It will be helpful to further research liver toxicity ingredients of Triptergium wilfordii.


Subject(s)
Animals , Celastraceae , Chemistry , Metabolism , Toxicity , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Toxicity , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294411

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the bidirectional effect of rhubarb total anthraquinone (TA) and total tannins (TT) on rats' liver.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred rats were randomly divided into 10 groups, i.e., the blank group, the model group, the blank + high dose TA group, the blank +low dose TA group, the blank + high dose TT group, the blank + low dose TT group, the model + high dose TA group, the model + low dose TA group, the model +high dose TT group, and the model + low dose TT group, 10 in each group. The carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) was used to prepare the acute liver injury rat model. TA and TT of rhubarb (at 5.40 g crude drugs/kg and 14.69 g crude drugs/kg) were intragastrically administrated to rats in all groups except the blank group and the model group, once daily for 6 successive days.The general state of rats, biochemical indices such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), laminin (LN), hyaluronic acid (HA), transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), as well pathological results of rat liver tissues. Finally the protection laws of TA and TT for rats' liver were analyzed using factor analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, all biochemical indices increased in the blank group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). HA also increased in the blank + high dose TA group; AST, ALT, and HA also increased in the blank +high dose TT group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, AST, ALT, ALP, HA, and TGF-beta1 significantly decreased in the model + low dose TA group, the model + high dose TA group, the model + low dose TT group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Serum AST, ALT, and ALP also decreased in the model + high dose TT group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Pathological results showed that mild swollen liver cells in the model + high dose TA group. Fatty degeneration and fragmental necrosis around the central veins occurred in the blank + high dose TA group. The pathological injury was inproved in the model +low dose TA group. Two common factors, liver fibrosis and liver cell injury, were extracted by using factor analysis. TA showed stronger improvement of the two common factors than TT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Rhubarb TA and TT showed protective and harmful effects on rats' liver. At an equivalent dosage, TA had better liver protection than TT. High dose TT played a role in liver injury to some extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthraquinones , Pharmacology , Carbon Tetrachloride , Toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Liver , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rheum , Chemistry , Tannins , Pharmacology
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 322-328, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348957

ABSTRACT

The paper is to report the establishment of a method for quickly evaluating compatibility of Chinese medicines injections. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) was used to evaluate compatibility of Yiqifumai (YQFM) and vitamin C injection (Vc)/5% glucose injection (5% GS). The diversification of Gibbs free energy (deltaG), enthalpy (deltaH) and entropy (deltaS) were used to decide reaction types of colliquefaction procedures of different injections. The reactive profiles were used to determine signs and quantity of heat. And high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used as a supportive method for ITC. Then, feasible binding sites were analyzed based on the information of spatial structures of major compositions. During the colliquefaction procedure of YQFM and Vc, [deltaH] > T[deltaS], so, the reaction is enthalpy-driving. And the reactive profile showed that a big deal of heat was given out during the procedure. Obviously, chemical reactions happened and the major compositions changed. On the other side, the reaction of YQFM mixed with 5% GS was entropy-driving, because [deltaH] < T[deltaS]. The reactive profile showed there was a little heat gave out. So, non-chemical reactions happened, and the major compositions did not change. The conformity existed between the results of ITC and HPLC. ITC could be used to evaluate the compatibility of Chinese medicines injections because of the advantages of ITC, such as real time, fast, sensitive and having more parameters.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Chemistry , Binding Sites , Calorimetry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Entropy , Glucose , Chemistry , Injections , Protein Binding , Thermodynamics
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