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1.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222019

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to rapid urbanization, there is an increase in population in slums often lacking access to basic health services. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the utilization of reproductive and child health services by recently delivered women and their children residing in catchment areas of urban PHCs, to evaluate their level of satisfaction and to determine the factors associated with utilization of these services by recently delivered women. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the catchment areas of urban primary health centre of Lucknow. Methods and Material: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 320 women having children less than 24 months in the slums covered under selected U-PHCs, sampled through a multi-stage random sampling technique using a semi-structured questionnaire. Statistical analysis used: SPSS-26 and MedCalc software were used for data analysis. Results: Utilization of RCH services by recently delivered women from UPHC was 39%. About 24% of recently delivered women availed ANC services from UPHC and 56.7% utilized family planning services and 95.8% immunization services for children. Child care services for diarrhea and ARI were availed by 9.9 and 3.1% of women, respectively. Satisfaction regarding maternal care and immunization services was seen in 84 and 95.8% of women. Poor satisfaction regarding child care was seen in 56.5% of women. Conclusions: The utilization of RCH services was found to be poor in the study population. Most recently delivered women were satisfied with all services except child care.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218886

ABSTRACT

Febrile seizures are the most common neurologic disorder in the pediatric age group, affecting 2–5% of children between 6 months and 5 years of age in the United States and Western Europe with a peak incidence between 12 and 18 months. Although febrile seizure is seen in all ethnic groups, it is more frequently seen in the Asian population (5–10% of Indian children and 6–9% of Japanese children). Systemic inflammatory response has been implicated as a contributor to the onset of febrile seizure [1]. It is studied that IL-B, IL-6, TNF-ALPHA can play an important role in generation of febrile seizure. Although they are the useful biomarkers, its availability in day to day practice is very limited. So there is a need for low cost and widely used inflammatory response markers like NLR, MPV, PLT, and RDW as independent predictors of febrile seizure and to compare different Hematological parameters in febrile seizure in patients with an unclear seizure history. The 5 novel indices of inflammatory response: i. Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio ii. Mean Platelet Volume iii. Platelet Count Ratio iv. Red cell Distribution Width v. Serum Ferritin The study is carried out for the assessment of other hematological parameters in febrile seizures like HB, RBC, PCV, RDW, Platelets, MPV and PCR. Also to compare the variation of hematological parameters in simple and complex febrile seizures based on the laboratory parameters which are otherwise classified clinically.

3.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 407-410
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223465

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 65-year-old male who presented with multiple enlarged intraabdominal lymph nodes with lytic lesions over pelvic and lumbar vertebrae. His serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was markedly raised. Bone marrow investigation revealed the presence of diffuse infiltration of single cells having hyperchromatic nuclei, moderate amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm, and eccentrically placed nuclei resembling signet ring cells. Hence, a diagnosis of metastatic signet cell carcinoma of prostate was made on bone marrow biopsy. This variant of prostatic carcinoma is very rare and accounts for only 2.5% of all prostatic adenoacarcinomas that make our case worth reporting. To emphasize the rare occurrence of this variant, we performed a Pubmed-based literature review of 25 years.

4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218051

ABSTRACT

Background: Warts, the most common manifestation caused by human papillomaviruses. Treatment is needed because of risk of transmission, cosmetic point of view, multiple, painful, and disfigurement caused by warts. Aims and Objectives: In this study, two techniques of autologous therapy are compared in terms of safety and efficacy. Falknor’s needling and autoimplantation, both are minimally invasive procedures with the aim of treating one wart and inducing immunity against the viral infected cells. Materials and Methods: Forty patients of clinically diagnosed cutaneous warts were randomly divided into two groups. In Group A, Falknor’s needling was performed on a single lesion in each patient. In Group B, autoimplantation was done by harvesting a single lesion and then implanting the tissue in subcutaneous tissue of the patient at other body site. Results: Data were analyzed using SPSS software v. 23 (IBM Statistics, Chicago, USA) and Microsoft Office 2007. Both the modalities showed excellent response (P = 0.504) in the treatment of warts with Grade 4 improvement in 85% (17 patients each) in both the modalities, with 5% of the patients showing Grade 2 and Grade 3 improvement each in needling group. Conclusion: Both the modalities of autologous therapy are simple, easy to perform, safe, and cheap modalities with excellent results in the treatment of cutaneous warts.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218046

ABSTRACT

Background: A nosocomial infection or healthcare-associated illness that develops in patients after they are admitted to the hospital but was not present or incubating at the time of admission is referred to as a hospital acquired infection. In patients with severe viral and fungal infections today, it is one of the most prevalent and life-threatening consequences. Blood culture is one of the most important diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of hospital acquired infections. It can also help in providing a clinical as well as an etiological diagnosis. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is early detection of blood stream infections along with its antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Materials and Methods: All samples were obtained and processed using conventional microbiological techniques, and an antibiotic sensitivity test was carried out in accordance with CLSI recommendations. Results: Total 160 samples were processed, out of which 54 (34%) samples were positive. Out of 54 positive blood sample, maximum samples were from NICU (28) 52%, followed by causality (10) 18%, PICU (4) 7%, HDU (2) 3%, intensive careunit (4) 7%, surgery (6) 11%, and overall males contributed to higher positivity rate. Total nine different organisms were isolated, out of which Gram negative bacilli were comprised 40 (74%), Gram positive cocci 8 (14%) and Candida were 6 (11%). Among Gram-negative bacilli of most common species were Klebsiella pneumonia (30%), Acinetobacter baumanii (18%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (11%), Burkhoderia cepacia (11%), and Serratia fonticola (3%). The most prevalent isolated species of gram-positive cocci were Staphylococcus aureus (11%), Coagulase negative S. aureus (3%), and Enterococcus faecalis (3%). Conclusion: This study on blood culture gives insight to magnitude of hospital acquired infections in our set up. Again result of antibiotic susceptibility tests gives overview of drug resistance problem at our set up. This may help in antibiotic stewardship program.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218043

ABSTRACT

Background: Emergence of extended spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL) producing strains of Gram-negative bacteria can lead to serious infections frequently complicates the clinical and treatment outcome. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to know the prevalence of ESBLs and to know the most common Gram-negative bacteria, which produce ESBLs at our health-care facility. Materials and Methods: This study comprised all of the isolates of Gram-negative bacteria that were acquired from various clinical samples. For the purpose of the investigation, a sample of an isolate that showed resistance to two or more third-generation cephalosporins was taken. ESBL detection and antibiotic sensitivity tests were carried out using conventional microbiological techniques. Results: We isolated a total of 284 Gram-negative bacteria and 54 (19%) were identified as ESBL producers. Out 54 ESBL producers, 18 (33%) isolates were Escherichia coli, 11 (20%) were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 12 (22%) were Klebsiellae, 6 (11%) were Enterobacter, 2 (4%) were Citrobacter, 4 (8%) were Acinetobacter, and 1 (2%) were Serratia spp. Conclusion: Clinical decision-makers can make the best antibiotic treatment by regularly monitoring multi-drug resistant bacteria like ESBL producers. This also helps to improve infection control procedures. In addition, we must maintain reserve medications like carbapenems on hand for judicial use.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216396

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary aspergillosis is a well-recognized fungal lung disease caused by the Aspergillus species (especially Aspergillus fumigatus). Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is milder form of pulmonary aspergillosis compared to other more invasive forms. However, if left untreated, ABPA can cause significant lung damage. We present the case of a 33-year-old man who came with complaints of shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and productive cough. The patient underwent High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) scan of the chest which, suggested the diagnosis of ABPA with secondary tension pneumothorax.

8.
Indian J Prev Soc Med ; 2023 Mar; 54(1): 20-28
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224030

ABSTRACT

Background- Rag picking is one of the inferior economic activities in the urban informal sector, largely undertaken by children belonging to weaker sections of society for their survival and for supplementing their family income. Rag picking is one of the most dangerous activities in India. Rag pickers are working in a filthy environment surrounded by dust, dogs, and pigs. They suffer from many diseases, such as respiratory problems, anemia, fever, and other problems which include cuts, rashes, and injuries. Waste pickers are the general term adopted by the 1 st World Conference of Waste Pickers in 2008. Objective- [a] To assess the socio-economic condition of ragpickers in Varanasi, [b] To know the health condition and treatment behavior of ragpickers in Varanasi. Materials and Methods- A community-based descriptive cross-sectional study in which ragpickers reside in the slum area of Varanasi. All men and women present at the time of the interview who were involved in rag picking from the last 6 months were included. Seriously ill men and women were excluded. Since we had no prior knowledge about the proportion of cases (P) so a pilot study was conducted in which prevalence of health problem found in rag pickers in the last 6 months (P) = 0.90. Total estimated sample size is 100. In this study, Simple Random sampling was used. By using this sampling 100 individuals were selected randomly, fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Results-82 (82.0%) rag pickers were not educated in which 75 (91.5%) rag pickers suffered from health problems. Maximum 74 (74.0 %) rag pickers were migrants. Maximum 74 (74.0%) rag pickers were married in which 36 (48.0 %) rag pickers were married between 14- 18 ages. 80 (80.0%) rag pickers had not used any precautionary measure during rag picking in which 73 (91.2%) rag pickers faced health problems. Maximum 39(39.0%) were affected by dust during rag picking. Only 17(17%) ragpickers preferred government hospitals for treatment. 75 (75.0 %) rag pickers were addicted to intoxication in which 66 (88.0%) rag pickers faced health problems. 91 (91%) ragpickers affected by any health problems in the last 6 months in which a maximum of 63.7% of rag pickers suffered from fever, 60.4% of rag pickers complained about injuries, 56.2 % of rag pickers suffered from weakness problems, 52.7% of rag pickers affected by cough problems. There is a highly significance between educational status and any kind of intoxication. Discussion- The literacy level among the rag pickers was 18% which is much lower than the average literacy rate of Varanasi 75.60% (2011census). A study on slum dwellers in Dhaka showed the literacy rate higher than the finding of this study (18 vs 25 %). 28.0% of rag pickers adopted this work because they had no education. There is a high significance between educational status and any kind of intoxication. Chances of intoxication are high when no education among rag pickers. It is highly significant between educational status and health problems of rag pickers in the last 6 months. Uneducated rag pickers were not aware of the health effects.

9.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2023 Mar; 67(1): 15-20
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223972

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Diabetic dyslipidaemia (DD) is characterised by hypertriglyceridaemia and elevated or normal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Statins and anti-diabetic medication are coprescribed for optimal control. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of Saroglitazar 4-mg and Fenofibrate 200 mg in combination with low dose Atorvastatin (10 mg) in patients with DD. Run-in period of 4 weeks for life-style and diet modification followed by 12 weeks of treatment with saroglitazar or fenofibrate and low dose of atorvastatin was followed. Primary outcome of this study was an absolute change in serum triglyceride level at baseline and end of treatment period (12 weeks). Secondary outcome was changed from baseline lipid profile, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at the end of treatment period. Safety assessment was also done during the duration of study. Results: Forty patients of DD were randomly divided into two groups. One group received Saroglitazar 4 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Patients in second group received Fenofibrate 200 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Improvement in deranged lipid levels in both the groups was observed and this difference in improvement statistically was not found to be significant. We also observed that Saroglitazar significantly improves glycaemic profile by decreasing fasting blood sugar levels and HbA1c (P = 0.01, P < 0.01). Adverse events reported during this study were mild and none of the patients reported serious adverse events. Conclusion: Saroglitazar could be a potential drug to control both hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia in patients with DD.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218345

ABSTRACT

Background: Renal ganglioneuroma is an extremely rare benign tumour that affects neural crest cells. Here we report a case of renal ganglioneuroma with nodal metastasis managed by surgical resection. Case report: A 38-year-old female presented with anorexia and early satiety. On examination, she had a palpable mass per abdomen. CT scan revealed a large heterogenous mass in retroperitoneum in right suprarenal region with enlarged retrocrural lymph nodes. She underwent right radical nephrectomy as the mass was inseparable from the right kidney. Postoperative period was uneventful. HPE revealed renal ganglioneuroma. Conclusion: Primary renal ganglioneuroma is difficrult to differentiate from other etroperitoneal lesions. Surgical resection is the most effective treatment.

11.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Dec; 65(4): 918-920
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223373

ABSTRACT

Mixed neuroendocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasm (MiNeN) is a recently described entity of the esophagus in the latest (fifth) edition of WHO Classification of Digestive System Tumors. It is often a difficult pathological diagnosis, especially in small preoperative biopsies. We herein report a case of high-grade MiNeN of gastroesophageal junction diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma in preoperative biopsy and subsequently as a high-grade MiNeN in esophagogastrectomy specimen comprising areas of mucoepidermoid carcinoma and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). This report accentuates the importance of deeper multisite preoperative biopsies as the management is completely different in a MiNeN from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218329

ABSTRACT

strong>Background: Sepsis and Septic shock contributes to significant morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Early detection and initiation of early and appropriate antibiotic therapy determines the outcome in septic shock. The objective of this research was to describe clinical profile of septic shock patients and to determine various predictors of in-hospital mortality in septic shock patients which could be assessed from simple hematological parameters. Methods: This was a prospective observational study done over a period of one year in which a total of 145 adult patients with septic shock diagnosed as per American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) criteria (2016) admitted in medicine ward in a tertiary care hospital were included. Detailed history and clinical examination was done and various routine investigations such as Complete hemogram, Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR), Platelet to lymphocyte ratio(PLR), Liver function tests, Renal function tests, C-reactive protein and Blood gases including lactate levels at admission were determined and compared among survivors and non-survivors to assess in hospital mortality predictors. Results: A total of 145 patients with septic shock were studied. Most of the patients were males (55.2%). Majority were from rural areas (59.31%). Major co-morbidities included diabetes mellitus (24.8%), COPD (13.1%) and hypertension (11%). Fever was the most common presentation (34.5%). Mortality in septic shock was 30.3%. The most common source of infection leading to septic shock was scrub typhus (33.8%) followed by respiratory infections and skin infections. The highest mortality was seen in the age group of 60-69 years. Patients who were given primary care and stabilized in a primary or secondary health centre and then referred had a better survival (77.2%) as compared to those who directly visited the tertiary care centre in a sick state. Out of various mortality predictors studied, a strong positive correlation of mortality was seen among patients with thrombocytopenia i.e. platelet count (86.4%), hypoalbuminemia (78.6%), high neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, high C-reactive protein values(74%) and high mean platelet volume. Conclusion: There is high prevalence of tropical infections such as Scrub typhus in Himachal and even simple investigations like Complete haemogram, Serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein and Total serum bilirubin levels which are routinely done in health care centers correlate significantly with mortality in septic shock. These investigations can guide appropriate antibiotic therapy and appropriate timing of referral of patients to higher centers, hence can improve the outcome among septic shock patients.

13.
Natl Med J India ; 2022 Dec; 35(6): 348-356
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218239

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Systematic data on mental health issues among adults awaiting cataract treatment are not readily available in India. We explored the prevalence and predictors of depressive and generalized anxiety (GA) symptoms in a cohort of adults awaiting cataract surgery. METHODS Our study is based on data from baseline assessments which were conducted as part of a multicentre prospective, longitudinal cohort study. Subjects were recruited from four eye hospitals to assess depression and GA and associated risk factors using standardized scales, i.e. Center for Epidemiologic Studies–Depression Scale (CES-D) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7). Variation in the intensity of depression and GA was assessed using multiple classification analysis (MCA). RESULTS A total of 813 adults awaiting cataract surgery participated, of whom 456 (56.1%) were men. The mean (SD) CES-D and GAD-7 scores were 24.6 (7.8) and 6.3 (SD 4.2) for men and 25.8 (8.9) and 6.9 (4.4) for women, respectively. The overall prevalence of depression score of >16 was 87.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 84.7%– 89.6%), and GA score of >10 was 57.1% (95% CI 53.5%–60.7%). The prevalence of comorbid depressive and anxiety symptoms was 56.6% (95% CI 52.9%– 60.2%). MCA showed that being neglected and mistreated by family/friends because of vision condition and facing difficulty and requiring help with daily tasks had the highest effect on the intensity of both depression (beta=0.254 and 0.238, respectively) and GA (beta=0.219 and 0.211, respectively). CONCLUSION The majority of adults with untreated cataract had both depressive and GA symptoms. These findings could be used for planning mental health interventions for adults awaiting cataract surgery.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217833

ABSTRACT

Background: Warts are a common manifestation of infection due to HPV, prevalence more common in developing world. No modality is 100% efficacious in the management of warts. Topical therapy is more preferred method by majority of patients. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) solution is well established modality in treatment of genital warts. Hydrogen peroxide used in higher concentrations is a good cautery agent. Aim and Objectives: The study was conducted to evaluate and compare the therapeutic efficacy and safety of 40% hydrogen peroxide solution and 80% TCA solution in genital warts. Materials and Methods: Topical 40% hydrogen peroxide and 80% TCA were used in Group A (20 patients) and Group B (20 patients), respectively, for three sittings at 2 weeks interval. Results: About 65% of the patients in TCA and 55% patients in H2O2 group had significant improvement (Grade 4 and Grade 3) (P = 0.311). Descriptive statistical methods and 2-Chi-square relation were used for analyzing data with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: About 40% H2O2 and 80% TCA, both are cost-effective and easy to use modalities with 40% H2O2 having better safety profile as compared to 80% TCA. H2O2 group showed decrease in size of lesions 63.33% versus and TCA group 70% (p value 0.311) with 10% of TCA group patients having ulcer formation versus none of the patients having significant adverse effect in H2O2 group. Conclusion: We found both the modalities to be safe and effective. However, we recommend further studies should be carried out to assess the safety and efficacy with bigger sample size and control arms for both the groups topical 40% hydrogen peroxide solution and topical 80% TCA solution.

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216335

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a distressing, involuntary, irregular tonic-clonic contraction of the facial muscles innervated by the seventh cranial nerve. It affects the quality of life. Botulinum toxin is a preferred symptomatic treatment option for the condition. However, there is a lack of study in the Indian scenario. Therefore, we observed the demographic profile, clinical spectrum, therapeutic response, and adverse effects of botulinum toxin and assessed the quality of life in the pre and postinjection phases in our subjects with HFS. Materials and methods: The study design is a prospective open-label observational study. Consecutive cases of HFS were selected from the general neurology outpatient department (OPD) and movement disorder clinic of a medical college hospital in Eastern India. Clinical and relevant neuroimaging studies excluded mimickers and secondary causes of HFS. Institutional Ethics Committee’s permission was obtained. Informed consent was taken from patients before botulinum toxin injection. The pre and postinjection assessment tools were spasm rate for a specific period of time, quantification of facial asymmetry, widening palpebral fissure by visual analog scale, Jankovic disability rating scale, HFS-7 scale, and videography. Results: A total of 250 cases of HFS (F:M = 138:112) were studied. The mean age of presentation was 47 years. The mean dose of botulinum toxin injection was 24.2 units per patient. The mean duration of improvement was 4 months. The spasm frequency was decreased by 90%, and the facial asymmetry was improved by 86%. The improvement in quality of life was 86%. Local adverse effects are seen in 10.4% of cases, and all were reversible. Conclusion: This is one of the largest studies on the effects of botulinum toxin in subjects with HFS in the Indian population. Periodic injection of botulinum toxin is a safe and effective therapy for subjects with HFS. There is a significant improvement in the quality of life following botulinum toxin therapy in subjects with HFS. Adverse effects were local, mild, well-tolerated, and reversible.

16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225517

ABSTRACT

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome is the clinical manifestation of the Superior Vena Cava obstruction, with severe reduction in venous return from the head, neck and upper extremities. More than 80% cases of SVCS is nearly attributable to advanced malignancy, most commonly lung cancer. SVC syndrome is characterized by congestion and swelling of the face and upper thorax, with distended superficial chest veins. The most severe complications of SVC syndrome include Glottic edema and venous thrombosis in the central nervous system. We represent a case SVC syndrome due to Small Cell Cancer of the lung.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220623

ABSTRACT

There are many kinds of orthodontic movements that make the clinical schedule a genuine test. With the appearance of the skeletal anchorage, it became more straightforward to take care of numerous issues, like anchorage, tipping, interruption among others. The reason for this article was to survey outright anchorage, including signs, implantation site, and any kind of orthodontic element

18.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Sept; 65(3): 713-715
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223332

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has led to an increased incidence of fungal infections. However, pulmonary infections are rare. COVID-associated pulmonary aspergillosis has been reported; however, there is no prior report of tracheobronchial aspergillosis with endobronchial aspergilloma as per the authors' literature search. We report such a case of a 65-year-old male with radiology and biopsy-proven endobronchial aspergilloma upon a background of tracheobronchial and pulmonary aspergillosis after having recovered clinically from severe COVID-19 disease.

19.
Indian J Lepr ; 2022 Sep; 94: 237-244
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222612

ABSTRACT

The changing demographics of India due to better life expectancy has led to significant increase in the geriatric population. Physiological changes due to aging lead to altered biological response to disease as well as coping with it. There are very few published studies that have addressed the issue of geriatric leprosy. This was a retrospective record review of 8-year data from a tertiary care centre in North India of leprosy patients aged 60 years or more. Clinical and demographic details were noted. Data was compared with 154 other leprosy patients aged 18-59 years. Out of 1083 leprosy cases, 80 (7.4%) were elderly and 67.5% of these were males. Majority (92.5%) were in the multibacillary (MB) spectrum. Type 2 reactions were more commonly seen than type 1 reactions in this age group. Pre-existing co-morbidities were present in 52.5% of patients. Grade 2 disability (G2D) was noted in 13.8% of cases, all of whom were in MB spectrum. Comorbidities were significantly higher amongst the elders whereas nerve involvement and G2D rates were higher amongst other leprosy patients (18-59 years). The prevalence of geriatric leprosy is on the rise due to better life expectancy. The high MB rate and G2D rate in geriatric population is a cause of concern for ongoing disease transmission and leprosy control programs. Due to a higher proportion of patients having pre-existing co-morbid conditions and polypharmacy, this sub-group needs special attention and care after release from treatment

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221958

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and a leading cause of death worldwide, including in India. Breast cancer usually shows a slow development rate, and when recognized in the early stages, successful treatment results can be achieved. Breast self-examination is a screening option for young women. Objective: To assess the impact of health education on knowledge and attitude of self-breast examination among nursing students. Study Design: The present interventional study was conducted between September and October 2019. Setting: This study was done among 79 nursing students of a tertiary care hospital situated in a central district of Uttar Pradesh. Main Outcome Measures: The self-reported pre-designed and structured questionnaire was used. It included three sections Sociodemographic profile Knowledge regarding self-breast examination (SBE) 3. Attitude regarding self-breast examination (SBE). Knowledge and attitude scores were calculated and divided into the poor, average, and good categories. Results: There were 87.3% of girls had prior knowledge of the self-breast examination, while 12.7% of girls were not aware of the self-breast examination. Postintervention, there was a significant increase (p<0.05) in their knowledge about self-breast examination. Conclusion: Planned teaching intervention had a significant impact on the knowledge and attitude of self-breast examination.

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