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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1090-1099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910695

ABSTRACT

Objective:The vasculature and canal were located using radiography after the fresh osseous specimens were decalcified, after which the anatomic investigation of intraosseous vasculature was conducted based on the orientation of the canals.Methods:To investigate the basic dissected methods for intraosseous vasculature and the related clinical significance. Methods The materials were obtained from seven fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to car accidents, nine fresh knee joint specimens from patients with amputation due to oncological radical surgery, and 44 knee joint specimens from 24 cadavers. Among them, 22 were males (55%) and 18 were females (45%), 28 were left knees (46.7%) and 32 were right knees (53.3%). 10 were aged from 16-90 years old (from 8 donors) and 50 were aged from 15-85 years old (from 32 donors). The tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the proximal tibial epiphysis and metaphysis via our previously discovered and denominated "foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE)" were dissected as an example. After obtaining the fresh knee joint specimen, angiography was performed to observe the continuous extraosseous and intraosseous blood vessels. The first group of specimens with the removal of cortical bone was reserved in formalin solution at 4 °C for 7 d, sequentially immersed in Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA), the decalcification agent, for 30 d with replacement for each two days. Based on the CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction, the orientation of bony canal which enclosed the vasculature was exposed to guide the anatomic incision. The exquisite dissection was achieved with the help of ophthalmological microsurgical instruments. The anatomical dissection were intuitively observed, compared with the angiographic images, and verified by histological examinations. The second group of samples was decalcified with strong acid as another strategy, and the comparison between different groups was conducted. To estimate the advantages and disadvantages of the two decalcification and dissection methods, and the distribution and universality of specific intraosseous vasculatures and canals, the methods can be utilized to dissect the diameter of the intraosseous vessels. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vasculature, the mechanisms including etiology, recurrence and spread of bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were analyzed to improve the therapeutic regimen.Results:The intraosseous tributaries of middle genicular vein which penetrate into the tibial intercondylar eminence from the articular cavity were dissected, these vessels extended to the tibial metaphysis from epiphysis through the epiphyseal line or senescent physes. The diameter of the vessel entering the FTIE was 1.2 mm, and the intraosseous vessels divided into several tinier tributaries with the diameter of 0.3 mm to cross the epiphyseal line or closed physeal plate and differentiated into capillaries in the distal regions, therefore was difficult to dissect directly. The histological examinations confirmed the authenticity of intraosseous vessels. Compared with the samples decalcified with strong acid, the blood vessels were obviously dissolved, and only a few residual epithelial cells were observed under the light microscope. Based on the anatomical study of intraosseous vessels, the treatment protocols for some related bone tumors and epiphyseal injuries were modified and satisfactory results were achieved.Conclusion:The methods can realize the ideal direct dissection for the intraosseous blood vessels with the outer diameter greater than or equal to 0.3 mm.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of sepsis risk calculator (SRC) in guiding antibiotic use in neonates with suspected early-onset sepsis (EOS).@*METHODS@#A total of 284 neonates with a gestational age of ≥ 35 weeks were enrolled as the control group, who were hospitalized in the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from March to July, 2019 and were suspected of EOS. Their clinical data were retrospectively collected and the use of antibiotics was analyzed based on SRC. A total of 170 neonates with a gestational age of ≥ 35 weeks were enrolled as the study group, who were admitted to the hospital from July to November, 2020 and were suspected of EOS. SRC was used prospectively for risk scoring to assist the decision making of clinical antibiotic management. The two groups were compared in terms of the rate of use of antibiotics, blood culture test rate, clinical outcome, and adherence to the use of SRC.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the study group had a significantly higher SRC score at birth and on admission (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of SRC reduces the rate of empirical use of antibiotics in neonates with suspected EOS and does not increase the risk of adverse outcomes, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Sepsis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sepsis/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 325-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the discovery and nomenclature of the intercondylar foramen of femur (IFF) and foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence (FTIE) and research the close relationship between the high recurrence rate of aggressive tumors around the knee joint and the foramina around the knee joint.Methods:①Radiographic observation and measurement: 3D reconstruction of CT scan of 200 patients in our hospital were used to obverse the common feature、position and measure of Inter-condylar foramen of femur and Foramen of tibial intercondylar eminence. ②Anatomical and histological observation: To proof the existence of IFF and FTIE through the anatomy of 15 cases of car accidents or tumor amputations and 60 cases of autopsy. Then the specific location, the surrounding structure, the proximal coverage, the contents, the apical construction, the wall and the bottom tissues of the IFF and FTIE were studied and analyzed. ③Histological and pathological observation of tumor anatomy: Through the study of the distal femur and tibia malignant tumor tissues(including primary bone tumors and metastatic tumors), we observed the relationship between the foraminal structures and the tumor, judged the situation of concealed transmission and two-way spread through the foramina, and analyzed the relationship between tumor recurrence and foraminal structures. ④The synovial membrane of foramina, especially in cases where the synovium was suspected to be involved by the lesions judged by the radiography was analyzed to observe whether the synovium was infiltrated by the tumor.Results:IFF and FTIE were the inherent physical structure of the human. Their physiological function was the vascular foramina that lead the branches of arteria media genus into the Intercondylar fossa of femur and tibial intercondylar eminence. Their opening was separated with the joint cavity by the synovial tissues, so IFF and FTIE were isolated with joint cavity by the synovial tissues、meniscus and cruciate ligaments. After invading the IFF and FTIE, the aggressive tumors did not break into the joint cavity immediately, but conceal in the foramina and invade the synovium with specific biological behavior with the sequence: reactive edema, hyperplasia, degeneration, calcification, hyaline degeneration (infiltration in some cases), synovial rupture, and then tumor invasion of the articular cavity. Usually, tumors or recurrence has been observed before synovial rupture. We also observed the tendency of tumors to spread along the arteria media genus to the popliteal vessels, peripheral soft tissues and lymphatic vessels with typical radiographic performance like popliteal lymphadenectasis. Color nodules and tumors in other parts could also invade or metastasize into bone through these foramina.Conclusions:IFF and FTIE are foramina nutricium of arteria media genus. They are the inherent physical structure of the human. The foramina play an important role in the spread, concealment and recurrence of peripheralkneeaggressive tumor.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2066-2072, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802851

ABSTRACT

Background@#Unpredictable difficult laryngoscopy (DL) remains a challenge for anesthesiologists, especially when difficult ventilation occurs during standard laryngoscopy. Accurate airway assessment should always be performed, but the common airway assessment methods only perform superficial screening. Thus, the deep laryngopharyngeal anatomy may not be evaluated. Ultrasound-based airway assessment has been recently proposed as a useful, simple, and non-invasive bedside tool as an adjunct to clinical methods, which may facilitate identification of DL. The present study aimed to determine the correlation between ultrasound-measured indicators and DL.@*Methods@#Patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia with tracheal intubation were enrolled. Ultrasonic airway assessments were performed before anesthesia induction. Ultrasound diagnostic indicators included the thickness and width of the base of the tongue, the angle between the epiglottis and glottis, the length of the thyrohyoid membrane, and the thickness of the lateral pharyngeal wall. A score of ≥3 in the Modified Cormack-Lehane Scoring System was used as a standard of DL and was also applied to divide patients into DL and non-DL groups. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic ability of various diagnostic indicators.@*Results@#A total of 499 patients were enrolled into non-DL and DL groups comprising 452 (452/499, 90.6%) and 47 (47/499, 9.4%) patients, respectively. One ultrasonic diagnoses indicator correlated with DL, namely, the angle between the epiglottis and glottis. When the angle between the epiglottis and glottis was 50°, the area under the ROC curve was maximum (0.902), and the best sensitivity (81%) and specificity (89%) were achieved.@*Conclusions@#Airway ultrasounds should be considered to identify DL. The ultrasonic angle measured between the epiglottis and glottis is highly associated with DL, which may occur when the angle is less than 50°.@*Clinical trial registration@#ChiCTR-DDT-13004102, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=5465

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2066-2072, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Unpredictable difficult laryngoscopy (DL) remains a challenge for anesthesiologists, especially when difficult ventilation occurs during standard laryngoscopy. Accurate airway assessment should always be performed, but the common airway assessment methods only perform superficial screening. Thus, the deep laryngopharyngeal anatomy may not be evaluated. Ultrasound-based airway assessment has been recently proposed as a useful, simple, and non-invasive bedside tool as an adjunct to clinical methods, which may facilitate identification of DL. The present study aimed to determine the correlation between ultrasound-measured indicators and DL.@*METHODS@#Patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia with tracheal intubation were enrolled. Ultrasonic airway assessments were performed before anesthesia induction. Ultrasound diagnostic indicators included the thickness and width of the base of the tongue, the angle between the epiglottis and glottis, the length of the thyrohyoid membrane, and the thickness of the lateral pharyngeal wall. A score of ≥3 in the Modified Cormack-Lehane Scoring System was used as a standard of DL and was also applied to divide patients into DL and non-DL groups. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic ability of various diagnostic indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 499 patients were enrolled into non-DL and DL groups comprising 452 (452/499, 90.6%) and 47 (47/499, 9.4%) patients, respectively. One ultrasonic diagnoses indicator correlated with DL, namely, the angle between the epiglottis and glottis. When the angle between the epiglottis and glottis was 50°, the area under the ROC curve was maximum (0.902), and the best sensitivity (81%) and specificity (89%) were achieved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Airway ultrasounds should be considered to identify DL. The ultrasonic angle measured between the epiglottis and glottis is highly associated with DL, which may occur when the angle is less than 50°.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR-DDT-13004102, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=5465.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 137-141, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700789

ABSTRACT

Objective Antibody drugs are one of the hot topics in biomedical research.This study aims to develop egg yolk antibodies (IgYs) against human isomaltase and determine their biological activities.Methods The purified recombinant isomaltase protein was used as an antigen to immunize egg-laying hens in combination with complete Freund adjuvant (CFA).Anti-isomahase IgYs were extracted by water dilution-sodium sulfate extraction assay and further analyzed for their purity,specificity,titer and stability by SDS-PAGE,Western blot and ELISA respectively,and their inhibitory effect on human alpha-glycosidase enzymes was evaluated by the PNPG method.Results Anti-isomaltase IgYs were obtained,with a titer of 1 ∶ 12800,capable of specifically binding human isomaltase,and with a good thermal stability,acid/alkali stability and pepsin resistance.Conclusion Anti-human isomaltase IgYs were successfully prepared,which may provide an experimental ground for further investigation of oral antihyperglycemic agents for type Ⅱ diabetes mellitus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733738

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status quo of stressors and mental health of undergradu-ates of local medical colleges in internship and provide relevant countermeasures so as to provide scientific reference for psychological health counseling for them. Methods The stress source scale and mental health symptom self-rating scale for medical students in internship (SCL-90) coded by Chang Lirong et al was adopted to investigate. The questionnaire survey was conducted on the stress and mental health status of 390 interns in Binzhou Medical College, and 384 valid questionnaires were collected, with the effective rate of recovery as 98.46%. The questionnaire results were analyzed by sample t test, variance analysis and Pearson correlation analysis. Results A total of 24.1% of students in local medical schools were under moderate pressure (1.17±0.63). The highest pressure source was examination and employment (1.58±0.74), and the other followed were knowledge and skills (1.43 ±0.68), interpersonal relationships (1.11 ±0.54), patients (1.06±0.53), medical conditions (1.00±0.53) and work load (0.95±0.52) respectively. The scores of various stressors were significantly and positively correlated with most of the mental health factors. Conclusion The undergraduates of local medical colleges and universities are generally under stress in internship, which would affect their mental health. It is suggested that the interns should be guided from the aspects of employment, study and psychology so as to help them relieve their stress and develop good psychological qualities.

8.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1785-1789, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare the egg yolk immunoglobulin Y ( IgY) against human Sucrase and study its stability,in vitro activity. Methods:Hy-line laying hens were immunized with human Sucrase protein,IgY was isolated and purified from egg yolks of im-munized hens using water dilution and salting out method. Indirect ELISA was used to evaluate the titer and stability of IgY. The purity and specificity of IgY were analysed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot respectively. The inhibitory effects of IgY on α-glucosidase was studied by PNPG method. Results:Indirect ELISA results showed IgY could be detected on the tenth day after the first immunization, and the peak titer of IgY was 1:12 800 after the 40th day of immunization. SDS-PAGE showed that the heavy chain and light chain of IgY were 65 kD and 25 kD respectively, and the IgY against human Sucrase could specifically recognize the protein of human Sucrase. The IgY maintained primary titer when it was kept between 29-69℃ for 15 min,and pH 4-7,37℃,4 h. The titer of IgY was maintained 50% after digestion by pepsin and trypsin respectively for 2 hours. IgY had a higher resistence to pepsin than trypsin after longer digestion time. IgY showed an inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase in concentration dependent manner. The half inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 0. 540 mg/ml. Conclusion:The IgY against human Sucrase has been successfully obtained,which established foundations for its study of Type 2 diabetes mellitus rat models in vivo.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501843

ABSTRACT

Background:CT portography(CTP)permits comprehensive evaluation of portal vein and its collateral pathways. It is widely used for assessment of portal hypertension in clinical practice. Aims:To assess the value of CTP in esophagogastric varices in cirrhotic patients. Methods:A retrospective cohort study was performed in 143 cirrhotic patients admitted from Jan. 2013 to Sep. 2015 at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. All patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and underwent CTP and gastroscopy within 7 days after admission. According to the occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding at admission,patients were allocated into two groups:bleeding group( n = 70 ) and non-bleeding group( n = 73 ). Consistency of the results of CTP and gastroscopy was analyzed by kappa coefficient;the accuracy of CTP parameters, including diameters of main portal vein(MPV),splenic vein(SPV)and left gastric vein(LGV)for prediction of variceal bleeding was evaluated by ROC curve. Results:CTP and gastroscopy had a good consistency in typing and grading of esophagogastric varices,with the kappa value of 0. 793 and 0. 775,respectively. The diameters of MPV,SPV and LGV were significantly higher in bleeding group than in non-bleeding group(P < 0. 01),and their area under the ROC curve (AUC)in predicting variceal bleeding was 0. 741,0. 627 and 0. 816,respectively. The accuracy of diameter of LGV was superior to that of MPV and SPV. With the cutoff value of 6. 1 mm,the sensitivity and specificity of diameter of LGV were 65. 71% and 84. 93% ,respectively. With the cutoff value of 16. 3 mm,the sensitivity of diameter of MPV was 75. 71% , which was higher than that of LGV and SPV. Conclusions:CTP can be used in clinical diagnosis of esophagogastric varices in cirrhotic patients,and two CTP parameters,the diameters of LGV and MPV,might be helpful for prediction of variceal bleeding.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1196-1198, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637809

ABSTRACT

?AIM:To evaluate the objective visual quality of patients who underwent corneal cross-linking for the keratoconus using double-pass analysis system.? METHODS: Advanced keratoconus patients who underwent UV - riboflavin corneal cross - linking from January to July 2015 were included. The outcomes of their objective scattering index ( OSI ) , predicted visual acuity ( VA ) , the cut - off frequency of modulation transfer function ( MTF cut- off ) , the Strehl ratio ( SR ) were compared before and 6mo after corneal cross-linking.?RESULTS: A total of 13 patients ( 16 eyes ) were included. There was no statistically significant difference between pre- and 6mo postoperative data in uncorrected visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, refractions and mean value of Sim-k (P>0. 05). Non-invasive average tear film break up time ( NIAvg-BUT ) detected by the Sirius system decreased after corneal cross-linking ( P0. 05). Tear Film Analysis Mean OSI increased at 6mo postoperatively (P<0. 05).? CONCLUSION: The subjective visual quality isn’t effected by corneal cross-linking. The tear stabilities of patients are influenced by these operations at 6mo postoperatively. More observations on long-term effect are needed to be taken in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747247

ABSTRACT

Allergic rhinitis is nasal mucosa of immediate hypersensitivity, and the current treatment is not satisfied. With the increasing incidence in recent years, we pay more attention on the effective treatments. There are some published studies indicate the benefit of probiotic for allergic rhinitis. Refer to the related literature in recent years, the paper will discuss probiotic species, safety, route of administration, mechanism and efficacy, pointing out a new direction for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Probiotics , Therapeutic Uses , Rhinitis, Allergic , Therapeutics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247960

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and relationship with mucin MUC5AC, MUC5B secretion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of HIF-1α, MUC5AC and MUC5B were measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western Blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in CRS with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP: twenty-three or CRSsNP:twenty) and fifteen normal sinus mucosa without CRS. The relationship between HIF-1α and MUC5AC,MUC5B were analyzed by SPSS 16.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PAS and IHC showed that HIF-1α, MUC5AC, MUC5B, total mucins were expressed in nuclear of epithelium and gland cells, which were higher than normal control (t values in epithelium cells were 8.650, 9.305, 9.382, 8.524, 7.533, 5.417, 5.507, 5.556, all P < 0.05; t values in gland cells were 8.285, 7.098, 6.798, 7.308, 8.574, 7.933, 6.798, 7.308, all P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between CRSwNP and CRSsNP (t values in epithelium cells were 0.734, 0.415, 0.572, 0.248, all P > 0.05; t values in gland cells were 0.331, 0.662, 0.249, 0.644, P > 0.05).Western Blot revealed that HIF-1α protein in CRSwNP and CRSsNP were higher than in normal contral (t values were 3.522, 3.314, respectively, P < 0.05). The relative expression levels of HIF-1α, MUC5AC,MUC5B mRNA in CRSwNP and CRSsNP were 1.35 ± 0.84, 1.36 ± 0.94, 0.81 ± 0.54,0.78 ± 0.46, 1.13 ± 1.00, 1.22 ± 1.02. But the relative expression levels of HIF-1α, MUC5AC,MUC5B mRNA in control subjects were 0.43 ± 0.34, 0.42 ± 0.36, 0.48 ± 0.42. There were significant differences between the groups of CRSwNP and control subiects (t values were 4.087, 4.089, 2.519, 2.550, 2.738, 2.955, respectively, all P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation among the expression of HIF-1α and MUC5AC, 5B mRNA in CRSwNP (r values were 0.474,0.464, respectively, all P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation among the expression of HIF-1α and MUC5AC, 5B mRNA in CRSsNP (r values were 0.477,0.514, respectively, all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HIF-1α, MUC5AC and MUC5B expression were upregulated in CRS with or without nasal polyps, indicating CRS is a disease of mucus hypersecretion and there is a close association between HIF-1α with hypersecretion of MUC5AC and MUC5B in mucus.</p>


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Mucins , Bodily Secretions , Mucus , Nasal Polyps , RNA, Messenger , Sinusitis , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate surgical outcomes of strip nail internal fixation with bone graft in treating tibial plateau fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2012 to May 2014,36 patients with tibial plateau fracture were retrospectively analyzed, including 25 males and 11 females with an average age of 43.5 (ranged from 17 to 65) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 10 days with an average of 5.8 days. All patients were treated with L-shaped and T-shaped strip nail internal fixation with bone graft. It was evaluated by the Knee Functional therapy assessment method of the Special Surgical Hospital of American at final following-up. Varus angle, caster angle and femorotibial angle were recorded and compared at 3 days and 1 year.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Operative time was (2.2 ± 0.6) h on average, blood loss was (310.5 ± 36.2) ml on average, hospital stay was (14.8 ± 2.7) days on average. Thirty-six patients were followed up from 12 to 30 months with an average of 18.2 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The difference is not significant among varus angle, caster angle and femorotibial angle at 3 days and 1 year. According to the knee functional therapy assessment method of the Specialized Surgical Hospital of American, 18 cases got excellent results, 13 good, 4 moderate and 1 poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Strip nail internal fixation with bone graft for the treatment of tibial plateau fracture could effectively prevent the joint surface from secondary collapse, and achieve anatomic reduction, stable fixation and earlier functional exercise in further to get satisfied clinical effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Bone Transplantation , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fracture Healing , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258888

ABSTRACT

Recent studies showed that pathology of alcoholic encephalopathy was associated with cerebral vascular damage. TMP (tetramethyl- pyrazine) is widely used in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases, however, it has not been reported whether TMP can relieve alcohol-induced cerebral vascular damages. The study was performed to investigate the learning and memory, cerebrovascular pathological changes and the expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and serum levelsofendothelin-1 (ET-1) in the rat model of chronic alcoholic encephalopathy, and explore the effects of TMP intervention on alcoholic encephalopathy. In the present study, the rat model of chronic alcoholic encephalopathy was established by the gavage administration of alcohol; the learning and memory ability was tested by Morris water maze; the expression of VEGF was measured by RT-PCR and Western blot; and the serum levels of ET-1 was measured by radioimmunoassay. We found that alcohol intoxication impaired learning and memory, induced VEGF overexpression and increased ET 1 concentrations. TMP intervention improved learning abilities, increased the VEGF expression and reduced ET-1 level. These results indicate that TMP exhibits therapeutic effects on chronic alcoholic encephalopathy.


Subject(s)
Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System , Drug Therapy , Animals , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Learning , Male , Memory , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vasodilator Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636882

ABSTRACT

Autophagy acts as an important homoeostatic mechanism by degradation of cytosolic constituents and plays roles in many physiological processes. Recent studies demonstrated that autophagy can also regulate the production and secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. In the present study, the paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) were significantly decreased after spinal nerve ligation (SNL), and the changes were accompanied by inhibited autophagy in the spinal microglia and increased mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β in the ipsilateral spinal cord. We then investigated the antinociceptive effect of rapamycin, a widely used autopahgy inducer, on SNL-induced neuropathic pain in rats and found that treatment with intrathecal rapamycin significantly attenuated the mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Moreover, rapamycin significantly enhanced autophagy in the spinal microglia, whereas it reduced the mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β in the ipsilateral spinal cord. Our results showed that rapamycin could ameliorate neuropathic pain by activating autophagy and inhibiting IL-1β in the spinal cord.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331136

ABSTRACT

Autophagy acts as an important homoeostatic mechanism by degradation of cytosolic constituents and plays roles in many physiological processes. Recent studies demonstrated that autophagy can also regulate the production and secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. In the present study, the paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) were significantly decreased after spinal nerve ligation (SNL), and the changes were accompanied by inhibited autophagy in the spinal microglia and increased mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β in the ipsilateral spinal cord. We then investigated the antinociceptive effect of rapamycin, a widely used autopahgy inducer, on SNL-induced neuropathic pain in rats and found that treatment with intrathecal rapamycin significantly attenuated the mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Moreover, rapamycin significantly enhanced autophagy in the spinal microglia, whereas it reduced the mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β in the ipsilateral spinal cord. Our results showed that rapamycin could ameliorate neuropathic pain by activating autophagy and inhibiting IL-1β in the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Immunosuppressive Agents , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Male , Neuralgia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , Spine , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416918

ABSTRACT

Twenty-seven patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism(SH)complicated by paroxysmal atrial fibrillation(PAF)were treated with methimazole plus bisoprolol.All patients were examined by Doppler echocardiogram and 24 h ambulatory electrocardiograms before and 3 months after treatment.Serum FT3,FT4,and TSH levels were measured with RIA.The results showed that low-dose methimazole therapy could improve the left ventricular diastolic function(P < 0.01)and help maintain sinus rhythm.The incidence of subclinical hypothyroidism was low.Low-dose methimazole was effective and safe in patients with SH complicated by PAF.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421149

ABSTRACT

One hundred and sixteen patients with lower limb fracture were screened by Doppler ultrasound for deep vein thrombosis(DVT) of bilateral lower extremities within the first 72 h, d7 and d21 after fracture. Results showed that DVT was detected in 31 (26. 7% ) out of 116 cases within 72 h; at d7 and d21 DVT was detected in 3 and 1 patient respectively with a cumulated DVT rate of 30. 2% in 3 weeks.Serial Doppler ultrasonography is of value in screening for DVT of the lower extremities in patients with lower limb fracture at early stage.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of intrauterine infection induced by LPS injection on long-term brain development of premature rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen day-gestation pregnant rats were randomly assigned to a control group receiving an intraperitoneal injection of normal saline, and two infection groups that were intraperitoneally injected with 0.3 mg/kg or 0.6 mg/kg LPS. Twenty-four hours after injection, 7 pregnant rats of each group were sacrificed. The pathological changes of the placenta after hematoxylin and eosin staining were observed under a light microscope. The neural cell apoptosis of fetal brains was examined by the TUNEL assay. The remained pregnant rats were induced to labour before 21 gestation days. The long-term brain development of premature rats was tested with the Y type electric maze on postnatal day 42.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Obvious pathological changes were observed in the placenta in the infection groups. The apoptotic neural cells in the fetal brain increased in the infection groups compared with that in the control group (32.41+/-5.36 in the 0.3 mg/kg infection group and 66.41+/-7.61 in the 0.6 mg/kg infection group vs 8.00+/-0.36 in the control group; P<0.01). The number of trials to criterion in the Y type maze test in the infection groups was much more than that in the control group [117.8+/-8.7 (0.3 mg/kg infection group) and 194.4+/-13.7 (0.6 mg/kg infection group) vs 56.8+/-3.7 (control group); P<0.01]. The number of correct reactions in memory retaining in the infection groups was lower than that in the control group (0.62+/-0.09 in the 0.3 mg/kg infection group and 0.37+/-0.09 in the 0.6 mg/kg infection group vs 0.92+/-0.06 in the control group; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intrauterine infection can cause fetal rats' neural cell apoptosis and affect adversely long-term brain development of neonatal rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bacterial Infections , Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain , Pathology , Female , Maze Learning , Neurons , Pathology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Uterus , Microbiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327477

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effect of cinobufotalin (CBT) on the growth of xenograft endometrial carcinoma cell line ishikawa in nude mice, and its impact on the expression of ribonucleotide reductase subunit M2 (RRM2).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven nude mice with xenograft were randomly divided into two groups, the CBT group and the control group, which received intra-tumor injection of CBT and saline respectively for one week. The sizes of xenografts were measured before and after the treatment to calculate the inhibition ratio of tumor proliferation; the RRM2-mRNA and protein expressions in tumor tissue were measured by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the size of xenografts in the CBT group was (0.1314 +/- 0.0304) cm3, which was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.360 0 +/- 0.1145) cm3, (P < 0.05), the tumor proliferation inhibition ratio being 43.46%. The differences of RRM2 mRNA and protein expression levels between the two group were significant (P = 0.019 and P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CBT significantly inhibits the growth of the xenografts of endometrial carcinoma Ishikawa in nude mice, and the action mechanism is possibly associated with the inhibition on RRM2 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Bufanolides , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Endometrial Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Materia Medica , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Ribonucleoside Diphosphate Reductase , Genetics , Metabolism , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
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