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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and preoperative localization between patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and extratemporal epilepsy (ETLE) caused by focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). Methods:From April 2015 to August 2018, a total of 71 patients (45 males, 26 females, age (24.3±9.1) years) with refractory epilepsy who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging before surgery and confirmed as FCD by pathology in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into TLE and ETLE groups based on pathological results. 18F-FDG PET/CT images were analyzed qualitatively and compared with the operation result, then region of interest (ROI) was used to calculate the asymmetry index (AI), and evaluated the hypometabolism of every cerebral region by |AI| semi-quantitatively. Engle classification were followed-up after surgery. Independent-sample t test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:Of 71 FCD patients, 35 were TLE and 36 were ETLE. The onset age of ETLE patients were younger than TLE patients ((10.1±6.5) vs (14.9±9.7) years; t=2.48, P=0.02). In TLE group, 54.29%(19/35) were completely consistent with the operation results, and 42.86%(15/35) showed hypometabolized brain regions in extratemporal lobe. In ETLE group, 27.78%(10/36) were completely consistent with the operation results, and 47.22%(17/36) showed hypometabolized brain regions in temporal lobe. There were significant differences in the lateral accuracy and positioning accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT between TLE and ETLE patients (97.14%(34/35) vs 75.00%(27/36), 54.29%(19/35) vs 27.78%(10/36); χ2 values: 7.19, 6.27, both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in |AI| values between the brain regions of TLE and ETLE patients ( z values: from -1.25 to -0.06, all P>0.05). Conclusion:The lateral accuracy and positioning accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in TLE patients are better than that in ETLE patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/MR in preoperative localization of refractory epilepsy patients with conventional MRI negative. Methods:From August 2016 to December 2018, 57 refractory epilepsy patients (36 males, 21 females, age (24.0±10.3) years) with conventional MRI negative who underwent surgery in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively enrolled. All patients received interictal 18F-FDG PET/MR before surgery and the epileptogenic foci were determined by using visual and semi-quantitative methods. Patients were followed up for 1 year and the surgical outcome was evaluated according to Engel classification. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in locating epileptogenic foci were calculated according to surgical resection and followed-up results as the " gold standard" . Results:Of 57 patients, 51(89.5%, 51/57) showed single or multiple hypo-metabolism focus on 18F-FDG PET/MR, and 6(10.5%, 6/57) showed no abnormal metabolism changes. The microstructure abnormality was found in 18 patients (31.6%, 18/57) on 18F-FDG PET/MR images. Follow-up results were obtained from 46 patients, and 84.8%(39/46) with seizure improvement (Engel Ⅰ-Ⅲ). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in preoperative localization of epileptic foci was 90.0%(27/30), 3/16 and 65.2%(30/46), respectively. Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/MR is helpful for the detection of epileptic foci in patients with MRI-negative refractory epilepsy, and can provide reliable information for further surgical treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) -related molecules in human malignant melanoma A375 cells.Methods:Cultured A375 cells were divided into 4 groups: control-1 and -2 groups treated with Dulbecco′s modified Eagle medium (DMEM) for 24 and 48 hours respectively, and ATRA-1 and ATRA-2 groups treated with DMEM containing 10 μmol/L ATRA for 24 and 48 hours respectively. After the treatment, real-time quantitative PCR was performed to determine the mRNA expression of EMT-related genes E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin and β-catenin in the above 4 groups, Western blot analysis to determine the relative expression of the above proteins, and direct immunofluorescence study to assess the fluorescence intensity of E-cadherin and vimentin in the ATRA-1, ATRA-2 and control-1 groups. Statistical analysis was carried out by using two-way analysis of variance, one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference- t test. Results:Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the E-cadherin mRNA expression was significantly higher in the ATRA-1 group than in the control -1 group ( F = 13.148, P < 0.05) , and higher in the ATRA-2 group than in the control-2 group ( F = 31.529, P < 0.05) ; the mRNA expression of N-cadherin, vimentin and β-catenin was significantly lower in the ATRA-1 group than in the control-1 group ( P < 0.05) , and lower in the ATRA-2 group than in the control-2 group ( P < 0.05) ; the ATRA-2 group showed significantly increased mRNA expression of E-cadherin ( F = 13.148, P < 0.05) , but significantly decreased mRNA expression of the other 3 proteins compared with the ATRA-1 group (all P < 0.05) ; there was no significant difference in the mRNA expression of the above molecules between the control-1 and -2 groups (all P > 0.05) . Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression of E-cadherin significantly increased, but the protein expression of N-cadherin, vimentin and β-catenin significantly decreased in the ATRA-1 and ATRA-2 groups compared with the control-1 group (all P < 0.05) ; compared with the ATRA-1 group, the ATRA-2 group showed significantly increased protein expression of E-cadherin ( P < 0.05) , but significantly decreased protein expression of N-cadherin, vimentin and β-catenin (all P < 0.05) . Direct immunofluorescence study showed that the fluorescence intensity of E-cadherin was significantly higher in the ATRA-1 group and ATRA-2 group (6.23 ± 0.08, 10.37 ± 0.13, respectively) than in the control-1 group (2.37 ± 0.14, both P < 0.05) , while the fluorescence intensity of vimentin was significantly lower in the ATRA-1 group and ATRA-2 group (15.17 ± 0.18, 10.29 ± 0.03, respectively) than in the control-1 group (50.16 ± 0.26, both P < 0.05) , and the cells in the ATRA-1 group and ATRA-2 group transformed from spindle- to cobble-stone-like in shape. Conclusion:ATRA can up-regulate the expression of E-cadherin, down-regulate the expression of N-cadherin, vimentin and β-catenin in A375 cells, and may inhibit the EMT of A375 cells.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828076

ABSTRACT

Aceria pallida is one of the most common pests in the main production areas of Lycium barbarum in China. The mite mainly feeds on foliage, leading to local tissue deformation and formation of massive galls, which seriously affects the growth and yield of L. barbarum. However, little is known about the influence of galling organisms on plant primary and secondary metabolism. In order to compare the metabolites differences between healthy and the mite infested leaves of wolfberry, and provide a scientific basis for the development and utilization of the galled leaves, L. barbarum seedlings were infested with A. pallida artificially in the laboratory, the metabolites of L. barbarum leaves were determined by LC-MS/MS. Our results showed that the leaves were rich in amino acids and flavonoid compounds. A total of 204 compounds from 16 classes were detected in L. barbarum leaves based on LC-MS/MS. The primary metabolites are mainly amino acids, and the secondary metabolites are mainly organic acids and flavonoids. The content of the metabolite in the leaves of L. barbarum was significantly affected by the mite, 30 metabolites such as flavonoids and phenylpropanoids were significantly changed, 21 metabolites were up-regulated and 9 metabolites were down-regulated significantly. There were 8 compounds which has pharmacological and biological activity, such as eriodictyol, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside and scopoletin up-regulated significantly. Based on the above findings, we suggest that the galled leaves of L.barbarum have a potential to be developed in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Lycium , Metabolomics , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773168

ABSTRACT

To compare the polysaccharides( LBLP),total flavonoids( LBLTF) and total phenols( LBLTP) of Lycium barbarum leaves from 14 production areas from Ningxia,Qinghai and Gansu at different harvesting time. Our results showed that there were significant difference of LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP among different production areas. The LBLP collected from Xiangride township production area,Dulan,Qinghai was as high as 15. 02%. The LBLTF collected from Dagele township production area,Geermu,Qinghai was as high as28. 63%. The LBLTP collected from Keluke township production area,Delingha,Qinghai was as high as 16. 7%. There were also significant difference of these 3 components between different harvest periods. The average LBLP in May( 10. 20%) was significantly higher than that in June( 8. 49%). However,the average LBLTF( 17. 71%) and LBLTP( 12. 77%) in June was significantly higher than that in May( 14. 15%,11. 19%). The LBLTF and LBLTP have a positive correlation with the altitude of production areas,but there was no significant association between LBLP and altitude. The LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP in different production areas and harvesting time was significant difference,the results provide some references for furthermore development and utilization of L. barbarum leaves.


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , China , Flavonoids , Geography , Lycium , Chemistry , Phenols , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Seasons
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773133

ABSTRACT

Heortia vitessoides is the most serious pest of Aquilaria sinensis,which is an economically important evergreen tree native to China and is the principal source of Chinese agarwood. In severe infestations,the insects completely eat up the leaves of A. sinensis,causing severe economic losses. In a more recent study,we found that the antennal sensilla of adult play important roles in the host location,mating and oviposition of H. vitessoides. Here,the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of H. vitessoides were examined using scanning electron microscopy. The result showed that the antennae of both sexes of H. vitessoides were filiform in shape,which consist of the scape,pedicel and about 64 segments of flagellomeres. Eight morphological sensilla types were recorded in both sexes,including sensilla trichodea,sensilla chaetica,sensilla basiconica,sensilla coeloconica,sensilla styloconica,sensilla auricillica,sensilla squamiformia and böhm bristle. Major differences were recorded in the distribution and quantity of different sensilla types in each segment of antenna. The sensillas are almost confined to the ventral and lateral surfaces rather than the back side of antennae. Antennal flagella contained the most sensilla while the scape and pedicel segments only contained böhm bristles and sensilla squamiformias. Sensilla trichodea Ⅲ were only found on male antennae. These results are discussed in relation to the possible roles of the sensilla types in the host location,mating and oviposition selection behavior of H. vitessoides.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Female , Lepidoptera , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Sensilla , Thymelaeaceae
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773107

ABSTRACT

To identify the wolfberry gall mite species and their overwintering situation in different wolfberry production areas and to provide a scientific basis for their prevention and control. We investigate the phoresy overwintering situation of gall mite, and identify the species of gall mite. Our results showed that the phoretic gall mite was Aceria pallida in all the production areas. The phoresy of gall mite was a common occurrence in different production areas, and the phoresy probability was above 75%. The phoretic behavior of wolfberry gall mite occurred commonly in the other production areas. The control of this mite in different production areas should pay attention to their phoretic behavior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lycium , Parasitology , Mites , Classification , Seasons
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of CD19B cells in immune thrombocytopenia patients, and to analyze the involvement of serum Breg in the pathogenesis of ITP.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 ITP patients admitted in department of hematology in our hospital from August 2015 to August 2018 were selected and enrolled in ITP group. 30 healthy individuals who were admitted to physical examination center at the same time were selected and enrolled in control group. The expression of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets CD19 and peripheral blood Breg cells were measured by flow cytometry. The difference between the ITP group and the control group was compared. The IL-10 mRNA and TGF-β1 mRNA levels were detected by RT-PCR. Correlations between the ratio of peripheral blood Breg cells and the expression of IL-10 mRNA and TGF-β1 mRNA in patients with immune thrombocytopenia, were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Expression of CD19 in ITP group was significantly higher than that in control group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. Expression level of serum Breg cells in ITP group was lower than that in control group. IL-10 mRNA level in ITP group was significantly lower than that in control group. IL-10 mRNA level after treatment was significantly higher than that before treatment. In addition, TGF-β1 mRNA level in newly diagnosed ITP group was significantly higher than that in control group. After treatment, the TGF-β1 mRNA level was higher than that before treatment. The ratio of peripheral blood Breg cells positively correlated with IL-10 mRNA expression (r=0.968, P<0.05), however, there was no correlation between peripheral blood Breg cell ratio and TGF-β1 mRNA expression (r=0.502, P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of CD19 cells in ITP patients is increased. Breg cells may participate in the genesis of immune thrombocytopenia. The abnormal expression of Breg cells relates with the pathogenesis of immune thrombocytopenia.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19 , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Count , Humans , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1241-1245, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical significance of platelet membrane glycoprotein (GPIIb/IIIa) detection by flow cytometry (FCM) combined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in diagnosis and treatment of immune thrombocytopenia(ITP).@*METHODS@#Fifty-two patients with immunological thrombocytopenia admitted to the Department of Hematology in our hospital during October 2014-October 2018 were enrolled in ITP group. Thirty healthy people from the physical examination center were enrolled in control group. The positive expression rate of platelet membrane glycoprotein was measured by FCM, and the peripheral platelet count was detected by automatic analyzer, and the plasma membrane glycoprotein level was measured by ELISA. The difference between the two groups was compared. The platelet membrane glycoprotein levels in ITP patients before and after treatment were compared.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of GPIIb/IIIa (i,e CD41/CD61) and plasma GPIIb/IIIa levels in ITP patients were significantly lower than those in the healthy controls. The increased expression of platelet GPIIb/IIIa was associated with the response to therapy. The positive expression rate and level of GPIIb/IIIa postively correlated with its platelet count. The sensitivity of platelet GPIIb/IIIa combined with platelet count for diagnosis of ITP was 90.38%, the specificity was 93.33%, the positive likelihood ratio was 13.57, and the positive predictive value was 95.92%.@*CONCLUSION@#The platelet membrane glycoprotein detection as a preliminary screening method used for diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenia is simple, convenient, sensitive and rapid, thus may be considered as a new method for clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood Platelets , Humans , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 950-952, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703748

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of comfort analgesia and sedation in patients with mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods Eighty patients with mechanical ventilation admitted to ICU of Pingxiang People's Hospital from June 2017 to May 2018 were enrolled, and they were randomly divided into control group and observation group by random number table method, with 40 patients in each group. The control group was given a daily analgesic and sedation regimen with critical-care pain observation tool (CPOT) 0-3 and Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS) maintained at -3 to -4. The observation group was given comfort analgesic sedative scheme with immediate analgesia and sedation score, CPOT 0-1 and RASS -1-0. Under these circumstances, patients could be waken up at any time, feel comfortable and cooperate with treatment. The duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) rate, delirium rate and sedatives drugs usage were compared between the two groups. Results There were no significant differences in baseline data such as gender [male (cases): 25 vs. 28], age (years old: 55.2±8.3 vs. 56.1±7.9), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ: 19.4±3.0 vs. 19.8±3.2) and etiology [sepsis (cases): 13 vs. 16, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (cases): 12 vs. 10, acute lung injury (cases): 8 vs. 9, hemorrhagic shock (cases): 5 vs. 4, cardiogenic shock (cases): 2 vs. 1] between the observation group and the control group (all P > 0.05). Compared with control group, the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay were significantly decreased in observation group (days: 5.6±1.9 vs. 7.8±2.7, 6.6±2.1 vs. 9.8±2.5, both P <0.01), the VAP rate and delirium rate were significantly decreased (17.5% vs. 40.0%, 25.0% vs. 47.5%, both P < 0.05), the average dose and total dose of sedative drugs were significantly reduced [propofol average dose (mg): 200.3±94.2 vs. 455.7±143.1, propofol total dose (mg): 1 266.4±419.7 vs. 2 682.6±734.1; dexmedetomidine average dose ( μg):726.6±241.1 vs. 1 312.7±841.6, dexmedetomidine total dose ( μg): 5 647.3±2 215.2 vs. 9 864.5±4 268.0; all P < 0.01]. Conclusion The therapy of comfort analgesia and sedatives on ICU patients with mechanical ventilation, can decrease the treatment time, lower the risk of adverse events, and reduce the dosage of sedatives drugs.

11.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 180-183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692136

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Major complications include formation of strictures, fistulas or abscesses. These complicating factors of CD pose significant challenges to the clinician. Despite significant advances in therapy over the past decades, a significant proportion of the patients will eventually require surgery, with at least one third of patients requiring multiple surgeries. The surgical treatment of CD focuses on the elimination of disease symptoms while solving the complications and maintaining intestinal continuity. Before surgery, patients may have experienced long-term course of disease, repeated treatment failure, malnutrition and side effects of medicine. Postoperative complications are seen more frequently in patients requiring abdominal surgery for CD than in patients requiring abdominal surgery for other conditions. Therefore, perioperative optimization strategy is critical to reduce the postoperative complications, to avoid future recurrence and to maintain surgery induced remission.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775356

ABSTRACT

Periplaneta americana is an important medicinal insect. A series of new drugs developed from it have remarkable clinical effects and are in great demand in the market. Because of unclear biology, the quality and yield of P. americana are affected. Understanding the developmental threshold temperature and effective accumulated temperature of P. americana can provide theoretical basis for standardized culture of P.americana. Under climate chamber, the threshold temperature and effective accumulated temperature for egg development of P. americana to were determined through effective accumulated temperature law. The threshold temperature was (15.8±0.71)°C, the effective accumulated temperature was 415.8±38.05 degree days. A model of the relationship between temperature and developmental rates was established.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ovum , Physiology , Periplaneta , Physiology , Temperature
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236075

ABSTRACT

Heortia vitessoides has been a serious defoliating pest of Aquilaria sinensis forests in recent years.The adults displayed strong tropism to the frequency trembler grid lamps and the nectar source plants.The favorite nectar source plants of H.vitessoides adults as the trap plants and the frequency trembler grid lamps in the integrated management of H.vitessoides were studied in the adult eclosion period through both the laboratory and field.The results showed that Kuhnia rosmarnifolia and Santalum album plants showed strong attraction to the H.vitessoides adults, with significant differences among the different nectar source plants.K.rosmarnifolia and S.album as trap plants with board type of planting area to total planting area of 5%-10%, and the frequency trembler grid lamps trapped significantly more adults of H.vitessoides. These results suggested that the frequency trembler grid lamps and trap plants could play an important role in the integrated management of the pest H.vitessoides of A.sinensis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250484

ABSTRACT

The safety interval period and residue dynamics of two main components (XDE-175-J and XDE-175-L) of spinetoram in wolfberry were measured. Field experiment design and sampling method were carried out according to the "Guideline on pesticide residue trials". The wolfberry samples were extracted with acetonitrile by ultrasonic, and analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS. The wolfberry was sprayed with 6% spinetoram suspension concentrate (SC) at recommended dosage (1 500 times) and doubling dosage (750 times) (one time) at fructescence of wolfberry. The half-lives of spinetoram residue under recommended dosage treatment was 3.65-4.25 d, and all the fresh and dried fruits conform to first order kinetics equation. The dissipation rate was over 95% in fresh and dried fruits at 14 d after application. In conclusion, spinetoram belongs to the easily degradable pesticide type.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250424

ABSTRACT

The dissipation of spirodiclofen in fresh fruit and dry fruit of wolfberry was detected in this study to provide a reference for its safe application.According to Pesticide Residue Test Criteria of China, the open-field experiment was conducted in Zhongning courty of Ningxia province, and the dissipation of spirodiclofen was studied by acetonitrile extraction and HPLC-MS/MS detection. The results showed that the half-lives of spirodiclofen in fresh wolfberry fruit and dry wolfberry fruit were 6.9-11.2 days and 8.5-10.4 days, respectively. Spirodiclofen belongs to the easily degradable pesticide type. According to the maximum residue limits (0.5 mg•kg⁻¹) of spirodiclofen of EU for wolfberry, after recommended dosage being sprayed for once, fresh wolfberry fruit was safe to eat after 5 days, and dry wolfberry fruit was safe to eat after 21 days.

16.
China Oncology ; (12): 581-588, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495073

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:As a tumor suppressor gene, ribosomal S6 kinase 4 (RSK4) plays important roles in inhibiting cell proliferation, migration and inducing cell apoptosis. However, the proteins interacting with RSK4 are still unknown. This study aimed to screen proteins interacting with RSK4 in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 by lfag-tag affnity puriifcation and LC-MS/MS (liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry).Methods:The pcDNA3.1/EGFP-RSK4-Flag eukaryotic expression vector was constructed by inserting full lengthRSK4 gene into vector pcDNA3.1/EGFP-Flag. And then the recombinant plasmids were transferred into MDA-MB-231 cells. Real-timelfuorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTFQ-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of RSK4 in MDA-MB-231 cells. Affnity puriifcation and LC-MS/MS were applied to screen proteins interacting with RSK4, and the related action mechanism of RSK4 with its interacted proteins was detected based on bioinformatics gene ontology (GO) and ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA).Results:Twenty-four proteins, such as serine/threonine-pro-tein kinase 38 (STK38)/serine/threonine-protein kinase 38-like (STK38L), MOB kinase activator 2 (MOB2) and protein arginineN-methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), were successfully identiifed by Flag-tag affnity puriifcation followed by LC-MS/MS analysis, which probably interacted with RSK4. Bioinformatics analysis of the identiifed proteins suggested the proteins interacting with RSK4 were involved in diverse biological pathways, such as apoptosis and cell migration. Conclusion:According to bioinformatics results of proteins interacting with RSK4 identiifed by affnity puriifcation and LC-MS/MS, biological networks of RSK4 are involved in apoptosis and migration in breast cancer cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275195

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, wolfberry (Lycium barbarum) has a long cultivation history and a good industrial development foundation. With the development of wolfberry production, the expansion of cultivation area and the increased attention of governments and consumers on food safety, the quality and safety requirement of wolfberry is higher demanded. The quality tracing and traceability system of production entire processes is the important technology tools to protect the wolfberry safety, and to maintain sustained and healthy development of the wolfberry industry. Thus, this article analyzed the wolfberry quality management from the actual situation, the safety hazard sources were discussed according to the HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control point) and GAP (good agricultural practice for Chinese crude drugs), and to provide a reference for the traceability system of wolfberry.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 44-47, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461864

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare hybrid substrate and apply it to detect thiram with surface-enhanced Raman spectros-copy( SERS) which provides unique molecular vibration information .Methods The Au substrate was prepared by deposi-tion of gold film on the silver substrate that had a rough surface .The Au substrate was treated with amination as a linker with the silver sol before the hybrid substrate was formed .With PATP as a probe molecule ,the Raman intensity of PATP on the Au substrate and the hybrid substrate was compared ,respectively .Results and Conclusion PATP had stronger Raman intensity on hybrid substrate than on the Au , and the detection limit was 10 -9 mol/L.This method can be used for quanti-tative detection on the hybrid substrate by SERS .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481147

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogen-related genes of atmospheric polluting disease so as to clarify the biology mechanism and provide the scientific basis.Methods By using the technique of dot blot hybridization,we analyzed genes’differential expression with cloning by exposure to ≥75 μg/m3 PM2.5 in heating season and < 75 μg/m3 PM2.5 in un-heating season in WI-38 human embryo lung cells.The levels of cytokines TNF-α,IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8 were determined by radio immunity assay. Results After 24h of treatment, compared with control group,more than 100μg/mL PM2.5 significantly increased TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-8 levels,and decreased IL-2 in WI-38 human embryo lung cells (P < 0.05 ).The clear stripe was found in 350 bp in 48 gene samples with segment with differential expression of genes exposed to different concentrations of PM2.5 in WI-38 human embryo lung cells.Through the dot blot hybridization,black brown spots were found in 41 samples in Tester cDNA hybridization,and no similar spots were found in all of the same samples in Driver cDNA hybridization. Conclusion PM2.5 exposure may induce the inflammatory damage of WI-38 human embryo lung cells.Obvious genetic damage was observed in those cells exposed to ≥75 μg/m3 PM2.5 in heating season.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Objective To investigate the roles of Ku70,epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)and Bcl-2 genes in the pathogenesis of Graves’disease.Methods Fine needle biopsies of 59 patients [M:F 1 6:43;mean age (44.66 ± 12.94)y)]diagnosed as having Graves’disease and 27 [M:F 6:21;mean age (44.64± 14.27)y]control normal tissues were collected.The mRNA expressions of EGFR,Ku70,NF-κB,and Bcl-2 were detected by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).The Student’s t test was performed to analyze differences between patients with Graves’disease and control subjects.Pearson correlation analysis was applied to detect the relationship between gene mRNA expression and serological indexes.Results Compared with those of control subjects,the mRNA expression levels of EGFR (0.859 ±0.125 vs .1.752 ±0.660,P 0.05 ). Conclusion The signal transduction pathways mediated by Ku70,EGFR,NF-κB and Bcl-2 may participate in the occurrence and development of Graves’disease.

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