Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 323
Filter
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 845-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921288

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to explore the correlation between ptk2b/PTK2B (protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta, a ptk2b-encoded protein) and the level of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1), as well as to uncover the relationship between the changes in beta amyloid protein (Aβ) levels in blood and brain and the expression of ptk2b in Aβ-induced cognitive dysfunction mice. A total of 64 3-month-old C57BL/6J mice were divided randomly into the experimental group and control group. All mice underwent the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) intubation. Mice in the experimental group received the i.c.v. infusion of oligomeric Aβ


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Animals , Brain , Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Focal Adhesion Kinase 2 , Hippocampus/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Peptide Fragments
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study combined adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with anti-tumor drug treatment on early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence in patients with microvascular invasion (MVI) after partial hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 169 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatectomy with curative intent from January 2015 to December 2018 at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were retrospectively analyzed. MVI was diagnosed by postoperative histopathology. There were 147 males and 22 females, with the median age 56 years(ranged 32-79 years). The patients were divided into surgery group ( n=62, patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy), TACE group ( n=42, patients who only received TACE) and combined group ( n=65, patients who received TACE with anti-tumor drug) according to the therapies after resection. Patients in each group were further divided into grade M1 (mild) and grade M2 (severe) subgroups according to the severity of MVI. All patients were followed-up for observing tumor recurrence. The relapse-free survival in the three groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to compare the tumor-free survival rates. Results:The tumor-free survival rates of 169 patients at 1 and 2 years after operation were 59.2% and 40.8%. The tumor-free survival rates at 1 and 2 years after operation were 45.2% and 25.8% in surgery group, 61.9% and 40.5% in TACE group, 70.8% and 52.3% in combined group respectively. The differences among the three groups were significant: TACE group was better than surgery group, and combined group was better than TACE group, combined group was better than surgery group (all P<0.05). In TACE group and combined group, tumor-free survival rates of M1patients better than M2 patients, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). Among M1 patients and M2 patients, tumor-free survival rates of combined group patients were better than surgery group and TACE group, the difference was significant (all P<0.05). The cumulative tumor-free survival rate was not significantly affected by different antineoplastic agents. Conclusion:Adjuvant TACE reduced the early recurrence rate of HCC patients with MVI. Adjuvant TACE combined with anti-tumor drug further reduced early tumor recurrence.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence of malnutrition in stable-phase elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria.Methods:Using cross-sectional survey, 60 elderly patients with COPD in stable phase were investigated, with 72 elderly patients without COPD in the same age group selected as controls. Differences in basic characteristics, anthropometric indicators, hematology indicators and body composition were compared between the two groups. According to the GLIM diagnostic criteria for malnutrition, the first step is nutritional risk screening, the second step is to diagnose malnutrition, and the third step is to determine severe malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition and severe malnutrition were investigated.Results:The levels of total protein, albumin, creatinine, and lymphocyte percentage in the elderly stable COPD group were significantly lower than those in the control group. The nutritional risk and the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly COPD patients were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the prevalence of severe malnutrition was higher .Conclusions:Elderly stable COPD patients of different age groups have a higher nutritional risk. The onset age of malnutrition is younger than that of non-COPD patients and early intervention is required.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879031

ABSTRACT

It is the core of the development for Chinese patent medicine enterprises to cultivate large varieties of Chinese patent medicine, and the selection of potential "seed" products is the prerequisite for the cultivation strategy. By constructing the evaluation model from multiple dimensions of value and risk, we can conduct specialized evaluation of Chinese patent medicines to effectively, professionally and objectively select the "seed" products with large variety cultivation potential. In this paper, the establishment of a multidimensional evaluation system would be discussed from the aspects of drug naming and prescription composition, safety risk and supply guarantee of raw materials and medicinal materials, competition situation, access to policy catalogue, scientific and technological support, clinical evidence and recognition, systematical and standardized collection of information on product instructions, quality standards, policy catalogue, scientific and technological literature, market competition and clinical application of Chinese patent medicines. Through the objective evaluation index and the range of objective index, the multi-dimensional evaluation model on values and risks of Chinese patent medicine products was discussed. Based on this model, a batch of Chinese patent medicine products can be quickly and comprehensively analyzed, and quantitative comparison can be formed among different types and fields of products. According to the evaluation results of the model and the comprehensive evaluation of experts, high-quality "seed" products can be selec-ted, laying a solid foundation for the next step of large variety cultivation. With use of this model, we can further clarify the external competitive advantages and internal priority levels of each product, and provide support for enterprises to optimize product structure and improve product strategic layout.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/adverse effects , Quality Control
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 539-545, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The low accuracy of equations predicting 24-h urinary sodium excretion using a single spot urine sample contributed to the misclassification of individual sodium intake levels. The application of single spot urine sample is limited by a lack of representativity of urinary sodium excretion, possibly due to the circadian rhythm in urinary excretion. This study aimed to explore the circadian rhythm, characteristics, and parameters in a healthy young adult Chinese population as a theoretical foundation for developing new approaches.@*METHODS@#Eighty-five participants (mean age 32.4 years) completed the 24-h urine collection by successively collecting each of the single-voided specimens within 24 h. The concentrations of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine for each voided specimen were measured. Cosinor analysis was applied to explore the circadian rhythm of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion. The excretion per hour was computed for analyzing the change over time with repeated-measures analysis of variance and a cubic spline model.@*RESULTS@#The metabolism of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine showed different patterns of circadian rhythm, although the urinary sodium excretion showed non-significant parameters in the cosinor model. A significant circadian rhythm of urinary creatinine excretion was observed, while the circadian rhythm of sodium was less significant than that of potassium. The circadian rhythm of urinary sodium and creatinine excretion showed synchronization to some extent, which had a nocturnal peak and fell to the lowest around noon to afternoon. In contrast, the peak of potassium was observed in the morning and dropped to the lowest point in the evening. The hourly urinary excretion followed a similar circadian rhythm.@*CONCLUSION@#It is necessary to consider the circadian rhythm of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion in adults while exploring the estimation model for 24-h urinary sodium excretion using spot urine.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Circadian Rhythm , Creatinine , Humans , Potassium , Sodium , Urine Specimen Collection , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877573

ABSTRACT

In view of the limitations of the existing moxibustion instruments, i.e. possible accidental injury when using moxibustion instruments, the negative effects of products from moxibustion instruments on treatment efficacy and health of medical staff and patients, a moxibustion instrument with multi-jointed manipulator is designed. This moxibustion instrument could accurately control the temperature, maintain a safe moxibustion distance, automatically process the burning ashes of moxa and selectively handle moxa smoke. The experimental results shows that this instrument could maintain the constant temperature of target acupoint, reduce the risk of empyrosis, and reasonably deal with the products of moxibustion. The purification rate of moxa smoke is 44.9%, which not only ensures the therapeutic effect of moxa smoke, but also reduces the negative effects of high-concentration moxa smoke on the health of medical staff and patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Smoke/analysis , Temperature
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873549

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To reveal the risk factors for delayed recovery and complications in infants with weight≤ 5.0 kg after surgical ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. Methods    We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 86 patients with weight≤5.0 kg who were admitted to our institution for surgical VSD closure between January 2016 and July 2019, including 31 males and 55 females with an age of 17-266 (80.3±40.4) d and a weight of 2.5-5.0 (4.4±0.6) kg. The VSDs were divided into perimembranous (n=65, 75.6%), subaortic (n=17, 19.8%) and subaortic combined muscular types (n=4, 4.7%). Mechanical ventilation (MV) time≥24 h or ICU stay≥72 h were defined as delayed recovery. Death, sudden circulatory arrest, complete heart block requiring a permanent or temporary pacemaker implantation, neurological complications, reoperation (for residue shunt or valvular regurgitation), reintubation and diaphragmatic paralysis were considered as significant major adverse events. Results    There was no death, reoperation due to residual VSD or neurological complication. Totally 51 (59.3%) patients had MV timec≥24 h and 51 (59.3%) patients stayed in the ICU≥ 72 h. Two (2.3%) patients required temporary pacemaker and six (7.0%) patients required reintubation. During the follow-up of 3-36 (15.8±8.8) months, 1 patient died of pneumonia after discharge, 5 patients suffered mild tricuspid valve regurgitation and 1 patient suffered decreased left ventricular systolic function in the follow-up. No aortic valve injuries occurred. Conclusion    For patients whose weight≤5.0 kg, short-term results of surgical VSD closure are excellent. Low weight and age may prolong MV time; low birth weight and pulmonary hypertension may prolong ICU stay, but are not independent risk factors.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887733

ABSTRACT

Pathogens like bacteria and protozoa, which affect human and animal health worldwide, can be transmitted by vectors like ticks. To investigate the epidemiology and genetic diversity of bacteria and protozoans carried by ticks in Chengmai county of Hainan province, China, 285 adult hard ticks belonging to two species [


Subject(s)
Anaplasmataceae/isolation & purification , Animals , Chaperonin 60/genetics , China , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , Coccidia/isolation & purification , Coxiellaceae/isolation & purification , Insect Vectors/microbiology , Islands , Ixodidae/microbiology , Phylogeny , Piroplasmia/isolation & purification , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/genetics
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1391-1399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887084

ABSTRACT

Our previous studies have shown that puerarin, an active component of the traditional Chinese medicine-Pueraria Lobata, can improve glycometabolism in high-fat diet (HFD) mice with diabetes by activating the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) pathway. This study intends to further evaluate the effect of puerarin on depressive symptoms in HFD mice. Long-term HFD induces type 2 diabetes and depressive-like symptoms in mice. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval No. AEWC-025). The experiment was divided into: control group, model group, model/puerarin (150 mg·kg-1·day-1) group, and model/fluoxetine (15 mg·kg-1·day-1) group. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and behavioral experimental analysis were performed after 6 weeks of continuous administration. Afterwards, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and corticosterone (CORT) in serum of mice for each group. Western blot assays were used to detect the level of activation and expression of proteins related to neuroplasticity and depressive disorder in the hippocampus. Moreover, HT-22 cell line was used to investigate the protective effect of puerarin on cell morphology and survival. The results show that puerarin can effectively maintain the survival of HT22 in an environment with high glucose and corticosterone. Meantime, the glycemic regulation of diabetic mice was improved after treatment of puerarin, the depressive symptoms were alleviated, the 5-HT increased, and the corticosterone, IL-1β, and IL-6 decreased in the serum. The up-regulation of related proteins in GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling in hippocampus suggests that its effect on ameliorating depression in diabetic mice may be related to the activation of GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway. This study shows that puerarin can significantly ameliorate the depressive symptoms of HFD induced diabetic mice which might be achieved through activating the GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway and improving hippocampal neuroplasticity.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 321-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of cyclin D1 (CCND1) negatively regulated by miRNA-541 (miR-541-5p) on the proliferation and migration of colon cancer cells as well as its related mechanism.Methods:Expression levels of miR-541-5p in colon cancer cell lines HT29, SW480, SW620, HCT116 and enterocyte line HIEC of the normal people as well as cancer tissues and pericarcinomatous normal tissues of 112 patients undergoing the colon cancer surgery from the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University between April 2017 and March 2020 were detected by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). The potential target gene of miR-541-5p was predicted by using TargetScan, and was verified by using dual luciferase reporter gene assay, qRT-PCR and Western blot. Expression level of CCND1 was detected in colon cancer cell lines and tissues. Cells with the lowest expression level of miR-541-5p were divided into miR-NC group (the transfected control plasmid), miR-541-5p group (the transfected miR-541-5p mimics), miR-541-5p+CCND1 group (the co-transfected miR-541-5p mimics and CCND1). Effect of miR-541-5p and CCND1 on proliferation and migration ability of colon cancer cells was detected by using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and Transwell method. The xenograft model of colon cancer in nude mice was constructed to observe the effect of miR-541-5p on tumor growth.Results:The relative expression level of miR-541-5p in colon cancer tissues was lower than that in pericarcinomatous normal tissues (0.45±0.06 vs. 1.00±0.12, t = 43.385, P < 0.01). The relative expression level of miR-541-5p was 0.46±0.03, 0.67±0.04, 0.57±0.06, 0.17±0.02, 1.00±0.15, respectively in colon cancer cell lines HT29, SW480, SW620, HCT116 and enterocyte line HIEC of the normal people, and the difference was statistiacally significant ( F = 5.621, P < 0.01); the relative expression level of miR-541-5p in all colon cancer cell lines was lower than that in enterocyte line HIEC of the normal people. HCT116 cells were selected to make the subsequent experiments. The predicted results of TargetScan showed that 3'UTR of CCND1 might have sites complementary to those of miR-541-5p. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that CCND1 was the target gene of miR-541-5p, and miR-541-5p negatively regulated the expression of CCND1. CCK-8 method showed that cell proliferation rate of HCT116 was (2.00±0.16)%, (0.89±0.08)%, (2.56±0.23)%, respectively in miR-NC group, miR-541-5p group, miR-541-5p+CCND1 group, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 6.715, P < 0.01); among HCT116 cells with the overexpression of miR-541-5p, the transfected CCND1 chould reverse the inhibitory effect of miR-541-5p on cell proliferation. Transwell results showed that the overexpression of miR-541-5p inhibited the cell migration ability of HCT116, while the co-transfection of miR-541-5p mimics and CCND1 could reverse the inhibitory effect. In the colon cancer nude mice xenograft model, the tumor mass and size of nude mice in miR-541-5p group was decreased compared with that in the control group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:miR-541-5p inhibits cell proliferation and migration of colon cancer cells via negatively regulating CCND1, and inhibits tumor growth in xenograft model of colon cancer in nude mice, thereby acting as a tumor suppressor in colon cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Targeted therapy for patients with driver genes positive and immunotherapy for patients with driver gene-negative but high programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression are the standards of first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The treatment options for patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression are still worth exploring.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of 315 patients with NSCLC were identified to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression, and the efficacy of targeted therapy.@*RESULTS@#Among the 315 patients, the total positive rate of driver genes was 62.2%, and the high PD-L1 expression rate (≥50.0%) was 11.2%. The proportion of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression was 10.7%. PD-L1 was highly expressed in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, KRAS mutation, ALK fusion, BRAF mutation, and MET 14 exon skip mutation, the proportions were 7.8% (11/141), 18.2% (4/22), and 23.1%, (3/13), 50.0% (2/4) and 100.0% (1/1) respectively. EGFR mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. KRAS mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with a history of smoking. Among them, two patients were followed in detail for targeted therapy, who with ALK fusion-positive and PD-L1 high expression (90.0%), EGFR L858R mutation and PD-L1 high expression (70.0%) respectively. The total OS of the patients was 5 months, 2 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The high PD-L1 expression rate in NSCLC patients with different driver gene mutations was variable, which maybe correlated with distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with sensitive mutations and high PD-L1 expression may be less benefit from targeted therapy and have poor prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888204

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) has great potential to replace lost upper limb function. Thus, there has been great interest in the development of BCI-controlled robotic arm. However, few studies have attempted to use noninvasive electroencephalography (EEG)-based BCI to achieve high-level control of a robotic arm. In this paper, a high-level control architecture combining augmented reality (AR) BCI and computer vision was designed to control a robotic arm for performing a pick and place task. A steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based BCI paradigm was adopted to realize the BCI system. Microsoft's HoloLens was used to build an AR environment and served as the visual stimulator for eliciting SSVEPs. The proposed AR-BCI was used to select the objects that need to be operated by the robotic arm. The computer vision was responsible for providing the location, color and shape information of the objects. According to the outputs of the AR-BCI and computer vision, the robotic arm could autonomously pick the object and place it to specific location. Online results of 11 healthy subjects showed that the average classification accuracy of the proposed system was 91.41%. These results verified the feasibility of combing AR, BCI and computer vision to control a robotic arm, and are expected to provide new ideas for innovative robotic arm control approaches.


Subject(s)
Augmented Reality , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Computers , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Humans , Photic Stimulation , Robotic Surgical Procedures
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906597

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the clinical efficacy of transthoracic occlusion via a right subaxillary incision and conventional surgery in the treatment of ventricular septal defect (VSD). Methods    The clinical data of patients with congenital VSD undergoing right subaxillary incision surgery in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the surgical methods, the patients were divided into two groups: a conventional surgery group (conventional group) and a transthoracic occlusion group (occlusion group). There were 221 patients in the conventional group, including 97 males and 124 females, with an average age of 2.6±2.2 years and an average weight of 13.4±6.2 kg; there were 185 patients in the occlusion group, including 90 males and 95 females, with an average age of 3.2±2.6 years and an average weight of 14.7±6.6 kg. The clinical effectiveness was compared. Results    The success rate of surgery was 100% in both groups. The intraoperative blood loss was less in the occlusion group (P<0.05). The incision length, operation time, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, retention time in the intensive care unit, the time to resume normal diet and normal activities after operation were all shorter than those in the conventional group (P all <0.05). The total cost during hospitalization of the conventional group was less than that of the occlusion group (P<0.001). There was no statistical difference in the incidence rate of perioperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05). During the follow-up (15.8±8.8 months), the incidence of complications in the conventional group was higher than that in  the occlusion group with a statistical difference (P<0.001). Conclusion    Compared with conventional surgery, transthoracic occlusion for VSD via right subaxillary incision has the advantages of smaller incision, shorter operation time, less blood loss, shorter postoperative recovery time and less long-term complications. However, the total hospitalization cost is relatively high, mainly because of the high consumables cost, and the long-term effects still need further comparative observation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation and apoptosis of the human esophageal cancer cell EC9706, and the effect on miR-133a/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Method:The effective constituent of Qigesan was extracted by ethyl acetate. Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to determine the dosage of Qigesan on cells and to detect the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation of EC9706 cells. The effect of Qigesan on apoptosis of EC9706 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of Qigesan on miR-133a and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor(IGF-1R) mRNA expression was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) . The protein expression of Akt and mTOR in EC9706 cells was detected by Western blot. Result:Qigesan can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Inhibitory concentrations 30% inhibition concentration(IC<sub>30</sub>) 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> and median inhibition concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> were selected for follow-up experiments. Compared with the blank group, both the inhibitor group and the combination drug group can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The inhibitor at 0.25 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> was selected for subsequent experiments. Compared with the blank group, Qigesan 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate and total apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), which shows synergistic effect after concomitant use with Akt/mTOR inhibitor(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the blank control group, each group can effectively increase expression of miR-133a(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The combination of inhibitor and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has obvious promotion effect. Compared with blank control group, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were significantly decreased in each group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with single medication, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were decreased in combination of inhibitor and TCM group. Conclusion:Qigesan can inhibit the growth of EC9706 cells and promote apoptosis, and its inhibitory mechanism may be related to the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by regulating the expression of miR-133a.

15.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E353-E358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904407

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of child head injury under different impact angles by applying the finite element model of six-year-old child pedestrian as specified in the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP). Methods Based on the finite element model of 6-year-old pedestrian with detailed anatomical structure as specified by the Euro NCAP (TB024), four groups of simulation experiments were set up to explore the mechanism of head injury in children under different impact angles. The initial position for head mass center was on the longitudinal center line of the car. The initial speed of the car was 40 km/h. The car contacted with the model from the direction of the right (0°), the front (90°), the left (180°) and the back (270°). The kinematics differences and head impact responses were compared, and injuries of the facial bone and skull were analyzed. Results Through the analysis of head contact force, acceleration of head mass center, resultant velocity of head mass center with the vehicle, head injury criterion (HIC15), facial bone fracture and skull stress distribution, it was found that the risk of head fracture and brain contusion under back impact and front impact was higher than that under side impact. The risk of head fracture and brain contusion was highest under back impact, while the lowest under side impact. Conclusions Child pedestrian head injury was the largest under back impact. The results have important application values for the assessment and development of car-pedestrian collision protection device.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct a pilot trial to explore the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion robots in treating primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and evaluate its feasibility in clinic.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 participants with PD were allocated to either moxibustion robot (MR) group (35 cases) or manual moxibustion (MM) group (35 cases) using computer-generated randomization. One acupoint Guanyuan (CV 4) was selected to receive moxa heat stimulation. Two groups of participants were given 3 menstrual cycles of MM and MR treatment respectively (once a day, 5 days a session) and received another 3 menstrual cycles follow-up. The degree of pain was evaluated by short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and the symptoms of dysmenorrhea were evaluated by Cox Menstrual Symptom Scale (CMSS). The safety was measured by the occurrence rate of adverse events (AEs), including burns (blisters, red and swollen), itching, bowel changes, menstrual cycle disorder, menorrhagia and fatigue, etc. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients completed the trial, 32 in MR group and 30 in MM group. Compared with baseline, scores of SF-MPQ and CMSS significantly decreased in both groups (P0.05). The total occurrence rate of AEs in MR group was 2.1%, which was significantly lower than MM group (7.2%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MR has the same effect as MM at SF-MPQ and CMSS in patients with PD. However, MR is safer than MM (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1800018236).

17.
J Genet ; 2020 Oct; 99: 1-6
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215550

ABSTRACT

Gene rearrangements, such as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), c-ros oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase (ROS1), rearranged during transfection (RET) and neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase 1 (NTRK1), identified in cancer have been indicated to be robust therapeutic targets in lung carcinomas. However, a few studies have focussed on locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). The discovery of novel gene fusions is also valuable for LARC research. We used mass spectrometry-based assays and RNA sequencing to detect both known ALK, ROS1, RET and NTRK1 rearrangements and novel gene fusions in LARC patients. FusionMap was also used to find gene fusions. None of the ALK, ROS1, RET or NTRK1 gene fusions were detected by mass spectrometry-based assays or RNA sequencing. Three fusion candidates, integrin subunit beta 7 (ITGB7)-ROS1, lamin A/C (LMNA)-NTRK1 and Golgi-associated PDZ and coiled-coil motif containing (GOPC)-keratin 8 (KRT8), showed relatively high junction-spanning reads by the FusionMap algorithm, but did not pass validation. These results suggest that no ALK, ROS1 or RET rearrangements were found in LARC.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846012

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application characteristics of excipient copovidone in co-grinding process and the feasibility of co-grinding products for improving the dissolution of curcumin, using curcumin as a model drug in vitro. Methods: The prepared products were obtained by curcumin and various proportions (0%, 1%, 3%) of copovidone in co-grinding process, which were characterized by laser particle size analyzer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). The in vitro dissolution of milled products was evaluated in two media, and their accelerated stability was investigated. Results: In comparison with pure curcumin, the particle size of milled products decreased with the lower crystallinity by XRPD analysis, but the hygroscopicity and DSC thermograms showed no significant difference. Moreover, compared with pure curcumin, the products exhibited significant improvement of in vitro dissolution. Also, there was no significant difference in the dissolution behavior of products placed under the accelerated conditions (40 ℃, RH 75%) for three months, indicating their good stability. Conclusion: As a new excipient, copovidone could effectively enhance the dissolution of curcumin via co- grinding process. This study provided a feasible strategy for improving the solubility and even oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843146

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of cross puncture technique with traditional puncture technique in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). Methods: Patients with OVCF treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) were selected. According to the puncture method, the patients were divided into cross puncture group and traditional puncture group, with 70 cases in each group. The clinical data, imaging parameters, pain score, dysfunction score, overall satisfaction and related complications of the two groups were compared before and after operation, and the clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated. Results: Compared with the traditional puncture group, the wedge angle in the cross puncture group decreased at 6 and 12 months after operation (both P=0.000), while the leading edge height increased (P=0.012, P=0.000). During the follow-up, there was no significant difference in pain score and dysfunction score between the two groups. Compared with the traditional puncture group, the proportion of the excellent and great grades (Odom standard) of patients in the cross puncture group was higher (P=0.000, P=0.003), and the incidence of vertebral collapse, kyphosis deformity and spinal stenosis were lower (P=0.000, P=0.002, P=0.031). Conclusion: At 6 and 12 months after operation of cross puncture PVP, the follow-up changes of wedge angle and leading edge height of vertebral body were smaller than those of traditional puncture technique, that is, more stable. The incidence of vertebral collapse was lower, and the overall satisfaction of the curative effect was higher.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2679-2687, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837530

ABSTRACT

Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Pin1 is over-expressed in prostate cancer cells and the level of expression correlates with the malignancy grade and prognosis in patients. In this work, twenty-one 2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-ylthio) acetic acid derivatives were designed and prepared with the aid of the crystal structure of Pin1 and our previous work. The chemical structures of the target compounds were confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, ESI-MS and IR. The inhibitory activity of compounds 6a-6i and 13a-13i against Pin1 were determined using a protease-coupled assay. The results indicated that twenty compounds were significantly superior to the positive control drug Juglone, and 6g, 6h and 13i exhibited the most potent Pin1 inhibitory activity, with IC50 values at the sub-micromolar level. The in vitro anti-proliferative activities of these analogs were evaluated by the MTT assay and several showed a moderate effect in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. Molecular docking studies demonstrated that both the benzimidazole skeleton and the thioacetic acid fragment were indispensable for the compounds to interact with key residues in the catalytic domain of Pin1.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL