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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1196-1200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998777

ABSTRACT

Background The influencing factors of noise hazards in the automotive manufacturing industry are complex, diverse, and mutually correlated, resulting in significant health impacts on workers. Objective To explore the application of generalized estimating equations (GEE) to analyze the factors affecting high-frequency hearing loss among noise-exposed workers in an automotive manufacturing company, guiding enterprises to scientifically carry out employee hearing protection programs. Methods The data of occupational health field evaluation and occupational health surveillance of an automobile manufacturing company for five consecutive years from 2018 to 2022 were collected, and 806 noise-exposed workers with pure tone hearing test results for all five consecutive years were selected as study participants. The retrieved indicators were gender, physical examination year, noise intensity, blood pressure, white blood cell counts, red blood cell counts, platelet counts, concentrations of hemoglobin, alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, smoking, drinking, etc. Gender, noise intensity, blood pressure, white blood cell counts, red blood cell counts, concentrations of hemoglobin, platelet counts, glutamate aminotransferase, glutamate aminotransferase, smoking, and drinking were set as independent variables, and occurrence of high-frequency hearing loss was set as a dependent variable, and GEE were constructed by using the statistical software of SPSS 20.0 to analyze the influencing factors of high-frequency hearing loss. Results Of the 806 workers, 698 were male (86.6%) and 108 were female (13.4%). The detection rates of high-frequency hearing loss in each year from 2018 to 2022 were 66.4% (535/806), 69.8% (563/806), 70.0% (564/806), 68.9% (555/806), and 68.2% (550/806), respectively. The detection rate of high-frequency hearing loss in the company was varied significantly by gender, lowered white blood cell counts, lowered red blood cell counts, lowered platelet counts, smoking, and drinking (P<0.05). The results of GEE analysis showed that after adjusting for selected confounding factors and excluding interaction effects, the risk of high-frequency hearing loss was higher in men than in women (P=0.001; OR=1.907, 95%CI: 1.286, 2.829); it was higher in workplace with disqualified noise intensity than in those without (P=0.043; OR=1.289, 95%CI: 1.009, 1.648); it was also higher in smokers than in non-smokers (P=0.004; OR=1.507, 95%CI: 1.137, 1.999). Conclusion Gender, noise intensity, and smoking are the main influencing factors of high-frequency hearing loss in noise-exposed workers in this automobile manufacturing company. Controlling smoking and reducing noise exposure intensity may reduce the occurrence of high-frequency hearing loss in workers.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E324-E330, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987954

ABSTRACT

Objective Aiming at the problems of lacking initiative in upper limb rehabilitation training equipment, single training mode, and low active participation of patients, an upper limb continuous motion estimation algorithm model based on multi-modal information fusion was proposed, so to realize accurate estimation of elbow joint torque. Methods Firstly, the surface electromyography (sEMG) signal and posture signal of participants were collected at four angular velocities, and the time domain characteristics of the signal were extracted. The principal component analysis was adopted to multi-feature fusion. The back propagation neural network (BPNN) was optimized through the additional momentum and the adaptive learning rate method. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm was used to optimize the neural network and a continuous motion estimation model based on PSO-BPNN was constructed. Finally, the joint torque calculated by the second type of Lagrangian equation was used as the accurate value to train the model. The performance of the model was compared with the traditional BP neural network model. Results The root mean square error (RMSE) of the traditional BP neural network model was 558.9 N·m, and the R2 coefficient was 77.19%, Whereas the RMSE and the R2 coefficient of the optimized model were 113.6 mN·m and 99.12%, respectively.Thereby, the accuracy of torque estimation was improved apparently. Conclusions The method for continuous motion estimation of the elbow joint proposed in this study can estimate the motion intention accurately, and provide a practical scheme for the active control of upper exoskeleton rehabilitation robot.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 284-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide guidance for hip replacement by analyzing the variation of femoral head rotation center in different hip diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 5 459 patients were collected from March 2016 to June 2021, who took positive and proportional plain films of both hips for various reasons. The relative position between the rotation center of the femoral head and the apex of the greater trochanter was measured. The positive variation is more than 2 mm above the top of the great trochanter, and the negative variation is more than 2 mm below the top of the great trochanter. A total of 831 patients with variation of femoral head rotation center were collected and were divided into 4 groups according to different diseases, and the variation was counted respectively. There were 15 cases in the normal group involving 10 cases of positive variation and 5 cases of negative variation. There were 145 cases of avascular necrosis of femoral head involving 25 cases of positive variation and 120 cases of negative variation. There were 346 cases of congenital hip dysplasia involving 225 cases of positive variation(including 25 cases of typeⅠ, 70 cases of type Ⅱ, 115 cases of type Ⅲ and 15 cases of type Ⅳ), and 121 cases of negative variation(including 50 cases of crowe typeⅠ, 60 cases of typeⅡ, 10 cases of type Ⅲ and 1 case of type Ⅳ). There were 325 cases of hip osteoarthritis group involving 45 cases of positive variation and 280 cases of negative variation.@*RESULTS@#There was significant difference in variation of femoral head rotation center among the four groups(P<0.05). There was significant difference in variation of femoral head rotation center among different types of congenital hip dysplasia(P<0.05). There were significant differences in cervical trunk angle and eccentricity among different variations of femoral head rotation center(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The variation of femoral head rotation center is related to cervical trunk angle and eccentricity. The variation of femoral head rotation center is an important factor in hip diseases. The variation of femoral head rotation center is different in different hip diseases. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head and osteoarthritis of the hip were mostly negative variations. With the aggravation of congenital hip dysplasia, the variation of femoral head rotation center gradually changed from negative variation to positive variation.The variation of femoral head rotation center should be paid attention to in the preoperative planning of hip arthroplasty. It is of great significance to select the appropriate prosthesis and place the prosthesis accurately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femur Head/surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (BKCa) involved in inflammatory response in sepsis.@*METHODS@#The serum levels of BKCa were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with sepsis (28 cases), patients with common infection (25 cases) and healthy people (25 cases). The relationship between levels of BKCa and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) were analyzed. Cultured RAW 264.7 cells were stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In some experiments, a cell model of sepsis was constructed using Nigericin as the second stimulus signal. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with LPS (0, 50, 100, 1 000 μg/L) were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. RAW 264.7 cells were transfected with small interfering RNA of BKCa (siRNA-BKCa), and the levels of caspase-1 precursor (pro-caspase-1), interleukin-1β precursor (pro-IL-1β) in cell, and the levels of caspase-1 p20, IL-1β p17 of cell culture medium, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured by Western blotting. The apoptosis were detected by staining with propidium iodide (PI), the release rate of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured, and the expression of apoptotic protein Gasdermin D (GSDMD) was measured by Western blotting to evaluate the effect of silencing BKCa on cell pyrosis.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly higher than that in patients with common infection and health peoples (ng/L: 165.2±25.9 vs. 102.5±25.9, 98.8±20.0, both P < 0.05). In addition, the level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly positively correlated with APACHE II score (r = 0.453, P = 0.013). LPS could construct a sepsis cell model by which LPS could promote BKCa expression in mRNA and protein with a concentration-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in the cells stimulated by 1 000 μg/L LPS were significantly higher than that in the blank group (0 μg/L) [BKCa mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 3.00±0.36 vs. 1.00±0.16, BKCa/β-actin: 1.30±0.16 vs. 0.37±0.09, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the ratios of caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1 and IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β in the model group were significantly increased (caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1: 0.83±0.12 vs. 0.27±0.05, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.77±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.12, both P < 0.05), however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them (caspase-1 p20/pro-capase-1: 0.23±0.12 vs. 0.83±0.12, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.13±0.05 vs. 0.77±0.12, both P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of apoptotic cells, LDH release rate and GSDMD expression in the model group were significantly increased [LDH release rate: (30.60±8.40)% vs. (15.20±7.10)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 2.10±0.16 vs. 1.00±0.16, both P < 0.05], however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them [LDH release rate: (15.60±7.30)% vs. (30.60±8.40)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 1.13±0.17 vs. 2.10±0.16, both P < 0.05]. The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3 in sepsis cells were significantly higher than those in the control group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 2.06±0.17 vs. 1.00±0.24, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.46±0.05 vs. 0.15±0.04, both P < 0.05]. However, the expression of NLRP3 after siRNA-BKCa transfection was significantly lower than that in model group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.57±0.09 vs. 2.06±0.17, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.19±0.02 vs. 0.46±0.05, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the NF-κB p65 nuclear transfer of sepsis cell were significantly increased (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.73±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.09, P < 0.05). However, the NF-κB p65 expression in the nucleus were decreased after siRNA-BKCa transfection (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.20±0.03 vs. 0.73±0.12, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BKCa is involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis, and its possible mechanism is to activate NF-κB/NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway to induce inflammatory factor production and cell death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Histones , Caspase 1 , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Sepsis , RNA, Small Interfering , Caspases
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 312-317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928911

ABSTRACT

Stainless steel has been widely used in non-active surgical implantable medical device of cardiovascular, orthopedics, dental and ophthalmology. In this paper, we mainly focused on development of stainless steel, as well as the material-related standard evolution. We further summarized the recent advancement of stainless steel use in surgical implantable medical device. Insight and regulatory perspective has been further demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Stainless Steel
6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 271-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935790

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the applicability of three different kinds of noise occupational health risk assessment methods to the occupational health risk assessment of noise exposed positions in an automobile foundry enterprise. Methods: In July 2020, the occupational-health risk assessment of noise-exposed positions was conducted by using the Guidelines for risk management of occupational noise hazard (guideline method) , the International Commission on Mining and Metals Guidelines for Occupational Health Risk Assessment (ICMM) method and the Occupational-health risk index method (index method) respectively, and the results were analyzed and compared. Results: Through the occupational health field investigation, the noise exposure level of the enterprise's main workstations was between 80.3 and 94.8 dB (A) , among which the noise of the posts of shaking-sand, cleaning and modeling was greater than 85 dB (A) ; The noise risk of each position was evaluated by the three methods, and the adjustment risk level was between 2 and 5 assessed using the guideline method, between 2 and 3 assessed using the index method, and 5 evaluated using the ICMM model. Conclusion: Each of the three risk assessment methods has its own advantages and disadvantages. The ICMM model has a large difference in value assignment, and values in the results are larger than expected. The evaluation results of the guideline method and the index method are consistent in some positions, there is certain subjectivity in the evaluation using the index method, and the guideline method is more objective.


Subject(s)
Automobiles , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Health , Risk Assessment/methods
7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 80-84, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920379

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of noise hazards in automobile sand casting industry and understand the impact of noise on the health of automobile foundry workers, and to provide scientific data support for the control of noise hazards. Methods An automobile sand casting enterprise was selected as the research object. The post noise intensity test results from 2010 to 2019, the noise spectrum test results of each post in 2019, and the prevalence of occupational noise deafness in the 10 years from 2010 to 2019 were analyzed and sorted out. Using chi-square test and t-test the noise hazard characteristics and noise intensity changes were statistically analyzed. Results 1. The noise LEX.8h exceeding standard rate of foundry enterprises in the 10 years from 2010 to 2019 was not statistically significant(χ2=6.76, P=0.66), and the mean value of noise LEX.8h fluctuated horizontally in the 10 years, which was basically stable between 80 - 90 dB (A). 2. The mean value of noise intensity of sand falling, sand preparation, cleaning and shot blasting in the first five years was significantly different compared to that in the last five years. There was no statistically significant difference in other posts. 3. Among all posts in the foundry sand casting industry, the noise spectrum of core-making and cleaning posts was mainly medium and high frequency, while the noise spectrum of other posts was mainly medium and low frequency. 4, Cases of occupational noise deafness were mainly concentrated in cleaning and polishing workers, melting chemical workers, inspectors and other types of workers. Conclusions The noise hazards in the automobile foundry sand casting industry are mainly concentrated on the posts of molding, and sand falling, and the noise intensity and the over standard rate remain high in the past 10 years. The noise of each post is mainly medium and low frequency, and the noise of a few individual posts is mainly medium and high frequency. In recent years, due to the automatic renewal of equipment, the noise intensity of some posts such as sand dropping, sand mixing, cleaning and shot blasting has decreased, but the overall noise exceeding standard rate has basically not changed, and the noise hazard is still serious. The noise hazard of foundry sand casting enterprises is difficult to be controlled, and the risk of hearing loss of foundry workers is still high.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 607-612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3a) in hydroquinone-induced hematopoietic stem cell toxicity.@*METHODS@#Cells (HSPC-1) were divided into 4 groups, that is A: normal HSPC-1; B: HQ-intervented HSPC-1; C: group B + pcDNA3 empty vector; D: group B + pcDNA3- DNMT3a. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of DNMT3a and PARP-1 mRNA and protein, respectively. Cell morphology was observe; Cell viability and apoptosis rate of HSPC-1 were detected by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein in HSPC-1 of group B were decreased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were increased (P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the above indexes between group C and group B; compared with group B, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein showed increased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly in cells of group D transfected with DNMT3a (P<0.05). Cells in each group were transfected with DNMT3a and cultured for 24 h, HSPC-1 in group A showed high density growth and mononuclear fusion growth, while the number of HSPC-1 in group B and C decreased and grew slowly. Compared with group B and C, the cell growth rate of group D was accelerated. The MTT analysis showed that cell viability of HSPC-1 in group B were lower than that of group A at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05); after transfected with DNMT3a, the cell viability of HSPC-1 in group D were higher than that of group B at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of cells in group B was significantly higher than that of group A (P<0.001), while the apoptosis rate in group D was lower than that of group B (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#DNMT3a may be involved in the damage of hematopoietic stem cells induced by hydroquinone, which may be related to the regulation of PARP-1 activity by hydroquinone-inhibited DNMT3a.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/drug effects , Hydroquinones/toxicity , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 36-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate regulatory T cells (Tregs) relative content in peripheral blood and bone marrow of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with or without decitabine (DAC), analyze the immunomodulatory of Tregs in pathogenesis and remission of MDS and AML, as well as effect of DAC on Tregs.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to February 2019, 15 patients with MDS and 49 patients with AML (newly diagnosed, treated with DAC or other chemotherapy regimens) were enrolled in this study, and 14 cases with iron deficiency or megaloblastic anemia while without malignant tumor and autoimmune disease as controls. The Tregs relative contents in bone marrow and peripheral blood were analyzed by flow cytometry, meanwhile clinical data of the objects were collected.@*RESULTS@#In peripheral blood and bone marrow of the patients with MDS and AML, the Tregs relative contents at newly diagnosed were higher than those of the control group (P=0.05, P=0.043). The Tregs relative content of AML patients in DAC regimen treatment group was significantly lower than that in the newly diagnosed group and non-DAC chemotherapy group (P<0.05). In DAC regimen treatment group, the Tregs relative contents was significantly lower in remission group than in non-remission group (P<0.05). There was no difference between DAC regimen treatment group and control group in Tregs relative content.@*CONCLUSION@#DAC may increase the body's anti-tumor immunity by consuming Tregs content, enhance the body's immune function to identify and kill tumor cells, thereby promote the patients' reliefs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bone Marrow , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 620-626, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939630

ABSTRACT

At present, the upper limb function of stroke patients is often assessed clinically using a scale method, but this method has problems such as time-consuming, poor consistency of assessment results, and high participation of rehabilitation physicians. To overcome the shortcomings of the scale method, intelligent upper limb function assessment systems combining sensors and machine learning algorithms have become one of the hot research topics in recent years. Firstly, the commonly used clinical upper limb functional assessment methods are analyzed and summarized. Then the researches on intelligent assessment systems in recent years are reviewed, focusing on the technologies used in the data acquisition and data processing parts of intelligent assessment systems and their advantages and disadvantages. Lastly, the current challenges and future development directions of intelligent assessment systems are discussed. This review is hoped to provide valuable reference information for researchers in related fields.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Physical Therapy Modalities , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke Rehabilitation , Upper Extremity
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 641-646, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Buyi Pishen acupuncture (acupuncture for invigorating spleen and kidney) on inflammatory factor and synovial cartilage matrix in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 clean male Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablet (TWP) group and an acupuncture group, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group received intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) at right hind foot pad to induce the AA model. TWP suspension of 8 mg/kg was given by gavage in the TWP group. Acupuncture was applied at "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Pishu" (BL 20) and right "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the acupuncture group, 15 min a time, once a day. The intervention was given 15 days in both TWP group and acupuncture group. The foot-pad swelling degree before modeling, before and after intervention and the arthritis index (AI) score before and after intervention were calculated; the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method; the ultrastructure and histomorphological changes of synovium issue were observed by transmission electron microscope and HE staining; the positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue was detected by immunohistochemistry method.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, foot-pad swelling degree of the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group was increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, foot-pad swelling degree and AI score were increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01), foot-pad swelling degree and AI scores in the TWP group and the acupuncture group were lower than the model group (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were decreased compared with the TWP group (P<0.05). The model group exhibited unclear nuclear membrane of synovial cells, chromatin pyknosis, massive inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue; the TWP group and the acupuncture group exhibited clear and smooth nuclear membrane of synovial cells, inapparent chromatin pyknosis, less inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue, the acupuncture group exhibited less matrix destruction as well. Compared with the normal group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were increased (P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the TWP group and the acupuncture group; compared with the TWP group, serum level of TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group.@*CONCLUSION@#Buyi Pishen acupuncture can effectively improve the injury of articular cartilage in AA rats, its mechanism maybe related to reducing the inflammatory reaction in synovium and inhibiting the degradation of articular cartilage matrix.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Cartilage, Articular , Chromatin , Hyperplasia , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-4 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 443-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 550 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in our hospital from September, 2018 to May, 2021, and after screening against the exclusion criteria, 363 patients were selected for further analysis. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation of age and early postoperative CRP level with the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation, and Chi-square test was used to explore the correlation of gender, disease type, and comorbidity with postoperative atrial fibrillation followed by multivariate analysis of the data using a binary logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#The 363 patients enrolled in this study included 247 with valvular disease, 42 with aortic dissection, 37 with coronary heart disease, and 37 with congenital heart disease, with a median postoperative CRP level of 88.65 mg/L and a median age of 57 years (range 5-77 years). Postoperative atrial fibrillation occurred in 101 (27.82%) of the patients, who were subsequently divided into atrial fibrillation group and sinus group. Univariate and multivariate correlation analyses showed that early postoperative elevation of CRP level was an important factor contributing to the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation.@*CONCLUSION@#Early postoperative elevation of CRP level is associated with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 62-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880424
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1768-1774, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of silencing DNA methyltransferase 1(DNMT1) to the methylation of the promoter of the tumor suppressor gene wnt-1 (WIF-1) in human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells.@*METHODS@#DNMT1 siRNAi plasmid was constructed and DNMT1 siRNAi was transfected into CML K562 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of DNMT1 gene and related protein, and methylation PCR was used to detect WIF-1 gene promoter methylation level. The trypan blue exclusion and MTT assay were used to detect the cell proliferation, flow cytometry were used to detect the cell apoptosis rate, colony formation assay was used to detect cell colony formation ability. Expression of Wnt/β- catenin and its downstream signaling pathway proteins were detected by Western blot after DNMT1 gene was silenced.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of DNMT1 mRNA and its related protein in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group and negative control group (P<0.05). After 72 hours of successful transfection, the WIF-1 gene in the control group and negative control group were completely methylated, while in the experimental group, the methylation level significantly decreased. The results of MSP showed that the PCR product amplified by the unmethylated WIF-1 primer in the experimental group increased significantly,while by the methylated WIF-1 primer decreased significantly. After 48 h of transfection, the OD value, viable cell number and colony formation of the cells in experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and the control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of the cells in experimental group was significantly higher than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of β- actin, myc, cyclin D1 and TCF-1 in K562 cells in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing DNMT1 gene can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells. The mechanism may be related to reverse the hypermethylation level of the WIF-1 gene promoter, thereby inhibit the activity of the Wnt/β- catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , DNA Methylation , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 55-61, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942386

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of patients with different type of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease in order to study the effect of non-acid reflux on laryngopharyngeal reflux disease. Methods: From January 2015 to January 2020, 349 inpatients or outpatients suspected of having laryngopharyngeal reflux underwent 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance pH monitoring (MII-pH). There were 303 male and 46 female patients, with an average age of 56.03 years old ranged from 25 to 81 years old. The reflux symptom index (RSI)and reflux findings score(RFS)were recorded before MII-pH monitoring. The number of acid reflux events and non-acid reflux events in hypopharynx were counted. It was defined mainly acid reflux type when the ratio of acid reflux to all reflux events was greater than 50%, mainly non-acid reflux type when the ratio of non-acid reflux to all reflux events was greater than 50%. The clinical characteristics of patients with different type of reflux were compared. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and multiple independent samples were compared between groups. The quantitative data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance, and the counting data were analyzed by chi-square test, the difference was statistically significant when P<0.05. Results: The 24-hour MII-pH showed that there were 90 patients with no reflux events, 51 patients with mainly acid reflux type, 198 patients with mainly non-acid reflux type and 10 patients with equal acid reflux events and non-acid reflux events. Statistics showed that the RSI(10.72±4.40), RFS(7.70±2.73) and the average number of reflux events(0) in the group without reflux events were significantly lower than those in patients with mainly acid reflux type (RSI 13.16±6.62,RFS 10.08±3.03,average number of reflux events 5.33±3.15,P<0.05) and mainly non-acid reflux type(RSI 13.25±5.54,RFS 8.81±2.54,average number of reflux events 7.93±5.26, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in RSI between the mainly non-acid reflux type group and the mainly acid reflux type group, but the RFS of the mainly non-acid reflux type group was significantly lower than that of the mainly acid reflux type group. The average number of reflux events in the mainly non-acid reflux group was significantly higher than that in the mainly acid reflux type group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results show that non-acid reflux plays a certain role in laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, but the effect of acid reflux is greater.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Hypopharynx , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/epidemiology , Respiratory System
16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 32-36, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798634

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of noise on hypertension and hyperglycemia among occupational workers.@*Methods@#Total 670 workers in an automobile manufacturing company were selected as the subjects of physical examination in 2017. According to the noise exposure or not, the subjects were divided into control group (no noise exposure) 143 and contact group (noise exposure) 527. Questionnaire survey and physical examination were conducted. The measurement data were analyzed by t-test, and the count data and grade data were analyzed by χ2 test. The influence of noise on blood glucose, heart rate, blood pressure and other indicators was analyzed by logistic regression, and the OR and 95%CI of each risk factor were calculated.@*Results@#The average age of the control group and the contact group was no significant difference (P>0.05) . There were 139 (20.7%) cases of high systolic pressure, 154 (23.0%) cases of high diastolic pressure, 63 (9.4%) cases of hyperglycemia, 29 (4.3%) cases of tachycardia. Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood glucose in the contact group (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood glucose of the subjects in the corresponding age contact group increased significantly (P<0.05) . The years of noise exposure were protective factors for systolic and diastolic blood pressure (OR=0.970, 0.973) .@*Conclusion@#Noise exposure may increase blood pressure and blood sugar of occupational workers, but the effect on heart rate can not be determined.

17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 572-575, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether femoral plasty can improve the fracture resistance of osteoporotic femoral specimens and prevent hip fracture, and to compare the difference of mechanical strength changes between two different femoral plasty methods in osteoporotic femoral specimens, so as to determine the best strengthening area of the plasty.@*METHODS@#Eighteen pairs of fresh osteoporotic femur specimens were collected and divided into two groups, A and B, 9 pairs in each group. Nine fresh osteoporotic femur specimens in each group were randomly selected for enhancement, and the corresponding contralateral specimens were used as control group. In group A1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck, femoral trochanter and subtrochantericregion. And in group B1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck and femoral trochanter region. The amount of cement injected into the femoral neck was recorded and the surface temperature of the femoral neck was measured. All specimens were biomechanically tested under simulated falls. Load-displacement curves, final loads were recorded. The final energy and stiffness of specimens were calculated. The biomechanical differences between the specimens of the enhancement group and those of the corresponding control group were compared, and the mechanical changes of the specimens by two different enhancement methods were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the ultimate load and energy of the specimens in the enhanced group increased significantly, but the stiffness did not change significantly. There was no significant difference in final load and energy between specimens strengthened by two different methods.@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral plasty has the advantages of minimally invasive, simple operationand remarkable effect. It can be used as a new method to prevent osteoporotic hip fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Femur , Femur Neck , Hip Fractures , Osteoporotic Fractures
18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 583-588, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the role of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in regulating the growth, apop-tosis, and drug sensitivity of the squamous carcinoma cell line SCC-25.@*METHODS@#The SCC-25 cell line was transfected with either the control-shRNA or PKD1-shRNA plasmids. The stable transfected cells were selected, and the efficiency of PKD1 knockdown was detected by Western blot. The growth and apoptosis of SCC-25 were analyzed with a cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and flow cytometry. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of paclitaxel in the control and PKD1 knockdown cell lines were detected by CCK-8. The expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and P-gp were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#PKD1 was constitutively expressed and phosphorylated in various cancer cell lines. Inhibiting the expression of PKD1 in SCC-25 cells by RNA interference could inhibit the growth and promote the apoptosis of SCC-25 cells via downregulating Bcl-2 expression. Additionally, inhibiting PKD1 expression could downregulate the expression of P-gp, thereby decreasing both the IC50 and resistance index of paclitaxel.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PKD1 plays an important role in regulating the biobehavior of SCC-25. It is a potential therapeutic target for oral squamous carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Mouth Neoplasms
19.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 74-78, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To detect the effects of miR-107 on the proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory factors of human nasal mucosal epithelial cells(HNMECs) induced by Lipopolysaccharides(LPS), and to elucidate the potential molecular mechanism. METHODS The expression changes of miR-107 and HMGBl(High mobility group box 1) in 1 mg/L LPS induced HNMECs before and after LPS induction were detected by using quantitative realtime PCR. LPS induced-HNMECs were transfected with miR-107 agomir and agomir control, and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay, flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) were performed to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis and inflammatory factors. Dual luciferase reporter assay and Western blots were applied to verify whether HMGB1 was a target gene of miR-107. RESULTS The expression of miR-107 in HNMECs after LPS induction was significantly lower than that before induction(t =9.35, P <0.05), while the expression of HMGB1 in HNMECs after LPS induction was significantly higher than that before induction(t =13.07, P<0.05). Compared with transfected agomir control, transfection of miR-107 agomir in HNMECs significantly inhibited cell proliferation (F =17.12, P <0.05) and decreased inflammatory factor TNF-α(t =6.11, P <0.05). IL-1β(t =6.90, P <0.05) and IL-6(t =8.18, P <0.05) expression levels, and increased apoptosis rate(t =7.49, P <0.05). HMGB1 was a target gene of miR-107, and transfection of miR-107 agomir in HNMECs after LPS induction could significantly reduce the expression of HMGB1 protein (t =28.56, P <0.05). CONCLUSION miR-107 is upregulated in HNMECs after LPS induction, while HMGB1 is down-regulated. Overexpression of miR-107 significantly inhibits the proliferation of HNMECs and the expression of inflammatory factors after LPS induction, and promotes apoptosis. HMGB1 is a target gene of miR-107, suggesting that miR-107 may play a regulatory role by regulating HMGB1.

20.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 560-564, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817719

ABSTRACT

@#【Background】 The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the feasibility of subtotal thyroidectomy leaving a unilateral remnant based on the upper pole. 【Methods】 Patients who underwent the subtotal thyroidectomy and isthmusectomy leaving either a unilateral remnant based on the upper pole(GroupⅠ ,59 patients)or with the bilateral dorsal thyroid tissue remained(Group Ⅱ,54 patients)were prospectively compared in operation time, blood loss,recurrence,and postoperative complications.【Results】The operation time remained similar between the two groups,but the blood loss,the reoperation time,recurrent laryngeal nerve injury,and recurrence in GroupⅠwere much less than those in Group Ⅱ. In addition ,no postoperative hemorrhage occurred in GroupⅠ. Three patients (5.56%) underwent postoperative hemorrhage in Group Ⅱ. Two patients(3.39%)in GroupⅠand 4 patients(7.40%)in Group Ⅱ experienced transient hypocalcemia.【Conclusion】In terms of blood loss,reoperation time,postoperative complication, and recurrence ,subtotal thyroidectomy with recurrent laryngeal nerves identification and the unilateral superior pole remnant of the gland provides a better outcome than subtotal thyroidectomy with bilateral dorsal thyroid tissue remnant.

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