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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a dosimetric method based on the well-chamber to verify the accuracy of the source positioning and dwelling time for the afterloading machine, aiming to provide a new method for the quality control of afterloading machine.Methods:The principle of this method was explained according to the hardware structure of the well-chamber. Then, the precision of this method was analyzed by the simulation test and data fitting. The feasibility test was also performed. And the advantages and disadvantages of this method were compared with those of the traditional method.Results:The precision of this method for detecting the source positioning was 0.07 mm and the dwelling time was 0.09 s, respectively. In the feasibility test, the standard deviation of the measure value was below 3%.Conclusions:The well-chamber method has high precision and convenient operation. It can be applied in the rapid verification of the relative accuracy of the source positioning and dwelling time of well-chamber.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 490-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of endovascular recanalization and hybrid recanalization for chronic internal carotid artery occlusion(COICA), and to evaluate its feasibility, safety, success rate, and clinical outcomes.Methods:Totally 35 patients who received endovascular recanalization or hybrid recanalization with symptomatic COICA were enrolled from January 2019 to December 2019 in Department of Cerebrovascular Disease,Zhengzhou University People′s Hospital. The clinical characteristics, treatment strategies, success rate, and major events of the patients were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Thirty of 35 patients were successfully recanalized. Among them, hybrid recanalization was performed in 3 cases, carotid endarterectomy was performed in 1 case, and endovascular recanalization was performed in 26 cases, 5 patients failed because they could not reach the distal true cavity. Among the successful patients, 5 patients had operation-related complications, 3 patients had embolism cerebral infarction, 1 patient had hyperperfusion cerebral hemorrhage, 1 patient still had transient ischemic attack after operation. All patients were followed up clinically, 2 patients had reoccurrence of obstruction, 2 patient had restenosis, the remaining patients had no hemodynamic stenosis or reocclusion.Conclusion:In highly-selected cases, intracavitary recanalization for symptomatic COICA is feasible, relatively safe and effective.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate arthrography-assisted reduction in minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fractures.Methods:From January to May 2019, 9 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated by arthrography-assisted minimally invasive surgery at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong-Hui Hospital. They were 6 males and 3 females with an average age of 45.5 years (from 27 to 63 years). According to the Schatzker classification, there were 6 cases of type Ⅱ, one of type Ⅲ and 2 cases of type Ⅳ. Arthrography was used to determine the lowest filling point of contrast medium after intra-articular injection and to ensure satisfactory reduction of articular surface after fracture reduction and bone grafting, followed by minimally invasive percutaneous plate implantation. Comparisons were made between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in the range of knee motion and knee scores of The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). Knee X-ray films were evaluated by the Rasmussen imaging system at 6 months postoperation. Collapse of articular surface was recorded pre- and post-operation as well as postoperative complications.Results:All the 9 patients were followed up for 6 to 9 months (average, 7 months). All patients achieved bony union within 12 weeks postoperation. The preoperative knee flexion (60.7°±13.1°) and HSS (51.9±5.7) were significantly improved to 122.4°±10.8° and 84.9±5.3 at 6 months postoperation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in knee extension (4.4°±2.5° versus 4.6°±2.9°) ( P>0.05). The collapse of articular surface was improved from preoperative 9.5 mm (from 5 to 15 mm) to postoperative 1.3 mm (from 0 to 3 mm). The Rasmussen imaging scores at 6 months postoperation showed 6 excellent and 3 good. No such postoperative complications occurred as incision infection, joint stiffness, loosening or breakage of implants. Conclusion:Arthrography helps minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fracture because it can better display fracture collapse during operation and accurately judge indirect reduction of articular surface.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after closed fracture of lower extremity between patients with different blood types ABO.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 1, 951 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for lower extremity fractures from August 2014 to June 2018. They were 924 males and 1,027 females with a mean age of 63 (46, 78) years (range, from 16 to 102 years). Of them, 572 were type O, 564 type A, 609 type B and 206 type AB. Venous ultrasonography was performed on both lower extremities within 12 hours after admission. The incidences of DVT after fracture were compared between different blood types in all the patients, patients with proximal fracture of the knee, peri-knee fracture and distal fracture of the knee, and patients<60 years old and ≥60 years old.Results:The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 26.75% (153/572), 28.72% (162/564), 34.32% (209/609) and 29.61% (61/206) for patients with blood type O, type A, type B and type AB. The DVT incidence for type B was significantly higher than that for type O ( P< 0.008). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 28.74% (98/341), 28.99% (100/345), 39.45% (144/365) and 30.97% (35/113) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). There were no significant differences in the DVT incidence between different blood types ABO in the patients with peri-knee fracture, distal fracture of the knee,<60 years old or ≥60 years old( P>0.05). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 30.99% (97/313), 33.33% (108/324), 45.22% (156/345), 34.74% (33/95) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients ≥60 years old. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). Conclusions:The incidence of DVT varied with different blood types ABO after lower extremity fracture. The highest DVT incidence was found in patients with blood type B. The impact of blood type on the DVT incidence after lower extremity fracture was mainly observed in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee or an age of ≥ 60 years old.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application method and effect of standardized scenario simulation teaching based on Kirkpatrick model in vocational protection education for nursing students.Methods:A historical controlled trial study was designed. Practical nursing students enrolled in 2018-2019 and 2017-2018 were selected into the experimental group ( n=203) and control group ( n=196), respectively. The experimental group adopted standardized scenario simulation teaching in the prevention and control education of needlestick injuries, and the control group adopted traditional classroom lecture. Using the Kirkpatrick model, the teaching effect of needlestick injuries protection for nursing students were compared between the 2 groups from such 4 levels as in reaction level, learning level, behavior level and results level. Results:There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups in terms of age, gender, educational background and test scores of nursing professional knowledge as compared to that before practice. In reaction level: the nursing students' satisfaction of experimental group in teaching methods ( t=25.149, P<0.001) and teaching environment ( t=12.827, P<0.001) are higher than that of the control group, with statistical significance. In learning level: the test scores of needlestick injury knowledge in experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group ( t=8.221, P<0.001). In behavior level: the level of needlestick injury protection behavior in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t=9.250, P<0.001), and the knowledge conversion rate in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group ( t=6.054, P<0.001). In results level: the needlestick injuries incidence of experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( χ2=15.815, P<0.001), the reported rate of needlestick injuries of experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( χ2=14.185, P<0.001). Conclusion:The implementation of standardized scenario simulation teaching can effectively improve the effectiveness of vocational protection learning and reduce the incidence of needlestick injuries.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 97-102,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical outcomes of tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate for treatment of segmental bone defect.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted by enrolling 11 surgically treated patients with tibial segmental bone defect after the debridement for tibial infection or osteomyelitis who were admitted in Lower Limb Surgery Ward of Traumatic Orthopedic Department, Xi′an Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2020. The collected clinical materials and data included gender, age, injury mechanism, smoke or alcohol, comorbidities, intraoperative bleeding loss, bone defect length, resorption time of calcium sulphate, bone transport time, external fixation time, external fixation index, complications and Paley bone and functional criteria. SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 31 months (average 23.2 months). All patients achieved bone healing and the infection was eradicated with no sign of recurrence. The mean length of defect was (8.1±1.6) cm, mean resorption time of calcium sulphate was (6.6±2.6) months, bone transport time was (11.4±2.8) weeks, external fixation time was (4.7±1.2) months, external fixation index was (0.58±0.07) month/cm and full weight bearing time was (6.1±1.4) months. The complication rate was 36.4% including deep vein thrombosis, delayed union of the docking site, pin tract infection and sterile draining of the wound. Paley bone evaluation results were excellent and good in 10 patients (90.9%) and functional results were excellent and good in 11 patients (100%).Conclusion:Tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate is a safe, reliable and successful method for segmental bone defect and eradication of infection which reduces external fixation time and complication rate, allows patients perform weight bearing and return to daily life earlier.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 442-455, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881146

ABSTRACT

Although different types of drugs are available for postmenopausal osteoporosis, the limitations of the current therapies including drug resistances and adverse effects require identification of novel anti-osteoporosis agents. Here, we defined that norlichexanthone (NOR), a natural product, is a ligand of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881065

ABSTRACT

Chlorogenic acid (5-CQA), neochlorogenic acid (3-CQA), and cryptochlorogenic acid (4-CQA), usually simultaneously exist in many traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). However, insufficient attentions have been paid to the comparative metabolism study on these three isomeric constituents with similar effects on anti-inflammation until now. In this study, a novel strategy was established to perform comparative analysis of their metabolic fates in rats and elucidate the pharmacological mechanism of anti-inflammation. Firstly, diagnostic product ions (DPIs) deduced from the representative reference standards were adopted to rapidly screen and characterize the metabolites in rat plasma, urine and faeces using UHPLC-Q-TOF MS. Subsequently, Network pharmacology was utilized to elucidate their anti-inflammatory mechanism. Consequently, a total of 73 metabolites were detected and characterized, including 50, 47 and 43 metabolites for 5-CQA, 4-CQA and 3-CQA, orderly. Moreover, the network pharmacology study indicated that these three isomeric constituents and their major metabolites with similar in vivo metabolic pathways exerted anti-inflammatory effects through co-owned 20 biological processes, which involved 10 major signal pathways and 159 potential targets. Our study shed light on the similarities and differences of the metabolic profiling and anti-inflammatory activity among these three isomeric constituents and set an example for the further researches on the active mechanism of isomeric constituents existing in TCMs based on comparative metabolism study.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880999

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acupuncture therapy has shown promise for effectively relieving preoperative anxiety. Nevertheless, previous findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are inconsistent and must be examined in detail.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study systematically evaluates the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for preoperative anxiety as well as the quality of evidence supporting this application.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang Data Journal Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chongqing VIP, Embase, PubMed and Cochrane Library Databases were queried from their inception to 19, February 2020, using keywords such as "acupuncture therapy," "preoperative" and "anxioty." Manual searches expanded the search breadth and included conference abstracts and other reference lists.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#RCTs were included in the current study if they contained a comparison between a group of anxiety patients that received acupuncture therapy and a control group that received sham acupuncture.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Literature was reviewed, and various articles were selected using the NoteExpress 3.2.0 software. Two researchers independently screened and extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias in the included studies. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for data aggregation and the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) assessment was used to evaluate the quality of the study outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Twelve studies were included in the review, containing a total of 916 patients. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with the control group, patients who received acupuncture therapy had reduced State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale (STAI-S) score (mean difference [MD] = -9.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-13.19 to -4.96], P < 0.0001) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score (MD = -1.37, 95% CI [-2.29 to -0.45], P = 0.003). However, for the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score, there was no difference between the two groups (MD = -3.98, 95% CI [-12.89 to 4.92], P = 0.38). Further, the GRADE assessment demonstrated that the STAI-S was of moderate quality, the VAS of low quality and the HAMA of very low quality.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture therapy may be able to decrease anxiety in preoperative patients, but the results need to be further verified due to the small sample sizes and the low quality of evidence to date.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of long non-coding RNA Kcnq1ot1 in osteoclast differentiation, osteogenic differentiation and osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#The expression of lnc-Kcnq1ot1, Bglap, Runx2, Alp, Bsp, Nfatc1, Mmp9, Ctsk and Oscar were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in the femoral bones from mouse models of postmenopausal osteoporosis (ovariectomized mice, @*RESULTS@#The expression of lnc-Kcnq1ot1 was significantly upregulated during osteoblast differentiation but downregulated in the bone tissues of osteoporotic mice and during osteoclast differentiation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data demonstrate that lnc-Kcnq1ot1 promotes osteogenic differentiation and alleviates osteoclast differentiation, suggesting the potential of lnc-Kcnq1ot1 as a therapeutic target against osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mice , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879001

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus emblica is a kind of traditional medicine and medicinal and edible plant, with rich variety resources and high development value. It is a key poverty alleviation variety in China at present. As P. emblica processing industry is rising gradually in recent years, in order to fully develop and utilize its industrial resources, this paper systematically introduces current comprehensive development and utilization of P. emblica, discusses the problems in P. emblica processing industry, and puts forward comprehensive development and utilization strategies and industrial models in terms of cultivation, breeding, grading, quality evaluation and waste recycling, so as to provide a certain reference for promoting the high-quality development of P. emblica industry in China.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine , Medicine, Traditional , Phyllanthus emblica , Plant Breeding , Plant Extracts
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873272

ABSTRACT

To a certain extent, put forward the concept of " component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)" simplifies the complexity of multi-component and multi-target of TCM, which provides a possibility for the clarification of the material basis of the efficacy of TCM, and also provides a new direction for promoting the modernization and industrialization of TCM, promots the high quality development of TCM. The correlation between prescription and disease syndrome has made rapid progress, both basic research and clinical application are fruitful. However, the correlation between components and disease syndrome still needs to be further studied. The syndrome of blood stasis is a common syndrome of TCM science, and it is more common in various diseases, especially cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, kidney disease, diabetes and hyperlipoidemia. A large number of studies have shown that some specific components contained in TCM or TCM compound can improve the related indexes of patients or experimental animal model with blood stasis syndrome. It is manifested in reducing blood viscosity, inhibiting platelet activation and adhesion aggregation, changing erythrocyte deformability index, inhibiting thrombosis and so on. Blood stasis is not only the pathogenic factor of many diseases, but also the pathological product of many kinds of diseases, which involves a wide range of diseases. Therefore, this study will study the progress of different components of TCM in the prevention and treatment of blood stasis syndrome, focusing on saponins, flavonoids, organic acids, polysaccharides, alkaloids and other active components in improving hemorheological abnormalities, hypercoagulability, platelet activation and adhesion aggregation, thrombosis. Based on the thought of component-disease syndrome, this paper searches the relevant literature in recent 20 years, classifies and summarizes the achievements of different components in the prevention and treatment of blood stasis syndrome, and hopes to provide some ideas for the further study of the pharmacological action of TCM components, the study of compatibility of TCM components and the research of TCM components.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the main chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of Sanajon oral liquid, so as to provide basis for establishing its quality standard and precipitation control technology. Method:UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE was used to analyze the chemical components in the supernatant and precipitate of this oral liquid. The analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution (A) and acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 2%B; 1-2 min, 2%-5%B; 2-4 min, 5%-7%B; 4-6 min, 7%-24%B; 6-10 min, 24%-42%B; 10-12 min, 42%-54%B; 12-15 min, 54%-76%B; 15-18 min, 76%-100%B), the flow rate was set to 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃, the injection volume was 2 µL. The mass spectrographic analysis was used with electrospray ionization (ESI), sample MS data was acquired by time-dependent MSE in negative ion mode, the collection range was m/z 50-1 200 (supernatant) and m/z 50-3 000 (precipitate). Then the chemical constituents were identified by the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular mass and secondary mass spectrum fragment. Result:Totally 61 compounds were identified in the supernatant, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, amino acids, organic acids, fatty acids, etc. Totally 15 compounds were identified in the precipitate, including tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, fatty acids, etc. Conclusion:The hydrolyzed tannin of Sanajon oral liquid may be the potential material basis of its precipitate, and its precipitate is likely to be a complex precipitate mainly composed of ellagic acid and tanned red. The established UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE can quickly and comprehensively analyze the chemical composition of Sanajon oral liquid, which can provide a scientific basis for the researches of its material basis, precipitation mechanism and quality control.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872901

ABSTRACT

Objective:High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprints of liposoluble and water-soluble fractions of Xiaojinwan were established and the similarity of fingerprints was evaluated, so as to explore the quality consistency of Xiaojinwan. Method:Chromatographic separation was carried out on Welch Ultimate AQ-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% phosphoric acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (liposoluble fraction of 0-5 min, 40%B; 5-10 min, 40%-50%B; 10-20 min, 50%-60%B; 20-30 min, 60%-65%B; 30-40 min, 65%-70%B; 40-50 min, 70%-80%B; 50-60 min, 80%-90%B; 60-65 min, 90%-95%B; 65-75 min, 95%-100%B; 75-80 min, 100%B; water-soluble fraction of 0-20 min, 2%-5%B; 20-30 min, 5%-10%B; 30-37 min, 10%-20%B; 37-45 min, 20%-30%B; 45-50 min, 30%-40%B; 50-58 min, 40%B), the flow rate was 1 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 30 ℃. The detection wavelengths of the liposoluble and water-soluble fractions were 202, 250 nm, and their injection volumes were 10, 20 μL, respectively. A total of 30 batches of Xiaojinwan from five manufacturers were detected by HPLC, the chromatographic peaks of each part were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and identified. Result:A total of 55 chromatographic peaks were detected in the fingerprints, and the similarity of fingerprint of 30 batches of Xiaojinwan was quite different. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of fingerprint similarity of liposoluble and water-soluble fractions of Xiaojinwan were 21.5% and 32.8%, respectively. There were significant differences in the quality of samples from different manufacturers and the same manufacturer, and the chemical consistency evaluation results were dominated by liposoluble fraction, and the main reason for the chemical difference of this preparation was the composition of Liquidambaris Resina. Conclusion:The quality consistency of Xiaojinwan is poor. The establishment of two-fraction fingerprint provides a new idea for the overall quality evaluation and control of Xiaojinwan, and can provide a reference for the quality consistency evaluation of traditional pills.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1118-1125, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869064

ABSTRACT

Nonunion of femur is a common complication after intramedullary nail operation of femoral fracture, with an incidence of 1% to 12.5%. At present, the treatment of femoral nonunion is mainly divided into surgical treatment and non-operative treatment, and surgical treatment is the first choice. The gold standard for surgical treatment of femoral nonunion is replacement of intramedullary nail, but for non-isthmus femoral nonunion, larger diameter intramedullary nail could not solve the problem of rotation and angular displacement of the broken end of nonunion. For malnourished nonunion, atrophic nonunion and bone nonunion with large bone defect, the replacement of intramedullary nail and autogenous bone graft are not enough to eliminate the gap between the broken ends and increase the contact area between the broken ends. It cannot provide a good biological environment for the broken ends. Because the replacement of intramedullary nail does not expose the broken ends of bone nonunion, and the corresponding tissue cannot be taken for bacteriological culture, so it is difficult to judge whether the broken end sare complicated with infection. The double plate technique is to find the site of bone nonunion under direct vision, and two plates are placed with different angles. This paper reviews the literature related to the treatment of femoral nonunion with double plate technique published at home and abroad in the past 10 years, and concludes that double plate fixation combined with autogenous iliac bone graft provides a three-dimensional fixation model for the healing of nonunion. It has the characteristics of strong stability and plays an active role in improving the biological behavior and mechanical stability of the fracture ends. The operation is beneficial to the flexion and extension of the knee joint, with the characteristics of high healing rate, low complication rate, effective pain relief and so on.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868401

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility of using the PTW729 2D array ion-chamber to verify the relative dose distribution calculated with the Acuros BV algorithm.Both advantages and disadvantages of the method were analyzed to provide reference for practical clinical practices.Methods Based on self-built measurement phantoms,the dose distribution on the same slice of the phantom was measured with PTW729 and film,respectively,under the same measurement condition and plan.The dose distributions obtained by the two method were compared with the result calculated with Acuros BV,separately,by using γ analytical tool.And the stability of the PTW729 was tested.Results The γ comparison value was 95.9% between the film and Acuros BV,98.9% between the PTW729 and Acuros BV and 88.0% between the film and PTW729,with 95.0%,i00.0%,and 100.0%,in their stability test respectively.Conclusions PTW729 2D array ion-chamber can be applied to the rapid verification of Acuros BV algorithm-calculated relative dose distribution.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 563-567, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868314

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the enhancement characteristics in arterial phase and the prognosis of patients with massive intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IMCC).Methods:The imaging and clinical data of 92 patients with IMCC who were pathologically confirmed and underwent enhanced MRI or CT in Central Hospital of Lishui from June 2004 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the enhancement pattern of the primary lesion in the arterial phase, patients were divided into rich arterial blood supply group (17 cases) and deficient arterial blood supply group (75 cases). The clinical data and imaging features of these patients were studied. Differences between measurement data and count data between the two groups were compared using t test and Fisher test. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test were used to analyze overall survival. The Cox regression multivariate analysis was used to study the relationship between the variables and the risk of death. Result:The enlargement of lymph nodes, long diameter of the primary lesion, CA19-9, treatment and HPD around the primary lesion in arterial phase were statistically different in the two groups ( P<0.05), others were no statistical difference. CA19-9>200 U/ml, lymph node enlargement, HPD around the primary lesion in arterial phase and deficient arterial blood supply were independent factors for the prediction of prognosis in IMCC patients with surgery ( P values were 0.008, 0.002, 0.049 and 0.005, respectively). Lymph node enlargement and deficient arterial blood supply were independent risk factors for the prediction of prognosis in IMCC patients with surgery ( P values are 0.049 and 0.045, respectively). Conclusion:The blood supply characteristics of arterial phase are independent factors for the prognosis of patients with IMCC.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess surgical outcomes of implanted porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) mesh in the rabbit vesicovaginal space (VVS) and explore its application value in pelvic floor reconstruction surgery.Methods:Sixteen male rabbits were randomly divided into four groups, and each group had four rabbits. All groups of rabbits were implanted with SIS mesh in the vesicovaginal space. They were humanely killed after a postoperative period of 7, 30, 90 and 180 days by group. The grafted area was removed with the surrounding bladder and vaginal tissues. The specimens were embedded in paraffin and then stained with HE and Masson's trichrome stains for visual observations, cells counts, and assessment of tissues and collagen fibers.Results:(1) After HE staining, a large number of inflammatory response cells mainly eosinophils and lymphocytes infiltrated around the SIS mesh in 7 days group, and neovascularization was observed, the infiltration area of inflammatory response cells further increased in 30 days group, the infiltration area of inflammatory response cells significantly reduced in 90 days group, while the inflammatory response basically subsided in 180 days group. (2) After Masson's trichromestaining, the collagen structure of SIS mesh in 7 days group was clear and intact. While, the collagen structure of SIS mesh was partially degraded in 30 days group, the SIS meshes of 4 rabbits were completely degraded, but the collagen fragments of SIS remained in 90 days group. In 180 days group, the SIS mesh of all rabbits was degraded, and one of them had the formation of new collagen fibers.Conclusions:SIS mesh implanted into the VVS of rabbits can lead to a transient non infective inflammatory reaction, which could be completely degraded and a small amount of new collagen fibers could be produced after 180 days of implantation. Which shown that SIS mesh should be used cautiously in pelvic floor reconstruction surgery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of our novel reduction technique in the surgical treatment of complicated tibial plateau fractures.Methods:From May 2016 to September 2018, 50 fractures of tibial plateau (Schatzker types Ⅴ and Ⅵ) were treated at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong Hui Hospital. They were 34 males and 16 females, aged from 27 to 56 years (average, 42.3 years). They were divided into 2 groups according to the reduction techniques. In the group of novel reduction ( n=23), bone fragments were reduced one by one from the distal to the proximal until the compression fracture was reduced and fixated. In the conventional reduction group ( n=27), the articular surface was reduced first before fixation of articular fragments with distal ends of tibial fracture. The 2 groups were compared in terms of intraoperative bleeding, operation time, tibial plateau angle (TPA) on the knee anteroposterior X-ray film taken on the second day after operation, and rate of acceptable TPA (±5°). Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in general preoperative data, showing comparability ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in either operation time (2.7 h ± 0.4 h versus 3.0 h ± 0.6 h) or intraoperative bleeding (215 mL ± 56 mL versus 221 mL ± 52 mL) ( P>0.05). The novel reduction group had a significantly higher rate of acceptable TPA [78.2% (18/23)] than the conventional reduction group [48.1%(13/27)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the surgical treatment of complicated tibial plateau fractures, compared with conventional reduction technique, our novel reduction technique can increase the rate of acceptable reduction but not operation time nor intraoperative bleeding.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of proximal femoral anatomical locking plate and autogenous iliac graft for failed primary internal fixation in treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 29 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated after failed primary internal fixation at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Xi'an Honghui Hospital between January 2014 and March 2017. They were 17 men and 12 women, aged from 35 to 83 years (mean, 68.7 years). Their primary internal fixation involved dynamic hip screw in 12 cases, proximal femoral locking plate in 13 cases, and intramedullary nail in 4 cases. The causes for their internal fixation failure included head cutting in 8 cases, fracture nonunion in 10 cases, plate or screw breakage in 6 cases, intramedullary nail breakage in 3 cases, and hip varus in 2 cases. Their revision surgery was performed with anatomical proximal femoral locking plate and autogenous iliac bone graft. Their fracture union time, and visual analogue scale (VAS), hip Harris score, SF-36 health survey scale and complications at the final follow-ups were recorded.Results:All the 29 patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (18 months on average). Bony union was eventually achieved in all the 29 patients after an average time of 4.5 months (from 3 to 7 months). There were no such complications as nonunion, re-fracture or internal fixation failure. The VAS pain score at the final follow-up(4.6±1.6) was significantly lower than that before surgery(7.1±2.1), and the Harris hip score(85.2±8.2) and SF-36 score(75.9±15.5) at the final follow-up were significantly higher than those before surgery (48.0±12.7 and 48.7±18.8) (all P<0.05). According to their hip Harris scores at the final follow-ups, the therapeutic efficacy was rated as excellent in 9 cases, as good in 15 cases and as poor in one, yielding an excellent and good rate of 82.8%. Conclusion:For patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture whose primary internal fixation has failed, especially those with fine femoral head and neck and hip joint, proximal femoral anatomic locking plate and autogenous iliac bone graft can result in satisfactory clinical efficacy.

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