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Asian Spine Journal ; : 915-919, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27906


STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the factors affecting immediate postoperative mortality in elderly patients with tuberculous spondylodiscitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Treatment of spinal tuberculosis in the elderly involves consideration of age and co-morbidities, and often leads to an extended conservative management. Surgical intervention in these patients becomes a complex decision. There are no studies on risk factors of mortality in surgically treated elderly with tuberculous spondylodiscitis. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-six patients with spondylodiscitis were operated between 2005 and 2015. 20 consecutive patients over 70 years of age with and proven tuberculosis who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria were included. Demographic, clinical and radiological profile data with operative details of instrumentation, blood loss, surgical duration, and mortality were noted. There were 20 patients (6 males, 14 females) with a mean age of 73.5 years. The patients were divided into those with mortality (M) and those who survived (non-mortality, NM). Various variables were statistically tested for immediate postoperative medical complications and mortality. RESULTS: There were four mortalities (20%). Age, sex, number of medical co-morbidities, American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade, Frankel grade C or worse, number of vertebrae involved, number of levels fused, blood loss and operative time did not have statistically significant impact on immediate postoperative mortality. Only preoperative immobility duration was statistically higher in the M group (p=0.016) than in the NM group. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative immobility is associated with immediate postoperative mortality in elderly patients with spinal tuberculosis undergoing surgery. The findings identify preoperative immobility as a risk factor for mortality, which could contribute to a more detailed prognostic discussion between surgeon and patient before surgery.

Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Discitis , Humans , Male , Mortality , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spine , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Spinal
Asian Spine Journal ; : 129-135, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28504


STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To highlight risk factors, recurrence patterns and multimodal treatment in management of recurrent giant cell tumors (GCTs). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: GCTs of the spine are rare and challenging entities. Recurrences are very common and warrant complex management to prevent multiple recurrences. Gross total resection is preferred over subtotal procedures to prevent recurrences. However, resection is associated with morbidity and mortality. Proper understanding of risk factors and a high index of suspicion helps to spot recurrences early and aids in subsequent management. METHODS: Ten patients (six females, four males) with recurrent GCTs underwent 17 interventions. There were six lesions in the thoracic spine, two in the cervical spine and two in the lumbar spine. Recurrences were managed with preoperative digital subtraction embolization, intralesional curettage and postoperative radiotherapy. RESULTS: The average age at intervention was 31.3 years. The average duration of recurrence in patients following index surgery in a tertiary care hospital and surgery elsewhere was 7.3 years and was 40 months, respectively. The minimum recurrence-free interval after the last recurrent surgery was 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reports the largest recurrence-free interval for GCTs. Recurrent GCTs are challenging entities. Understanding of risk factors and meticulous planning is required to prevent recurrences. Intralesional surgery could be a safer and effective modality in managing recurrences.

Combined Modality Therapy , Curettage , Female , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Mortality , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spine , Tertiary Healthcare
Asian Spine Journal ; : 625-628, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42829


Osteoporosis associated with pregnancy and lactation is a less commonly known condition and often overlooked. The prevalence, exact aetiology and its pathogenesis are unknown. It is commonly seen in first three months after delivery in primigravida. It is often undiagnosed because of it not suspected n and X-rays and densitometry are avoided if possible during pregnancy and lactation. If missed, it can lead to osteoporotic fractures and disability. In this paper, we report a case of a 24-year-old multigravida 4 months after pregnancy with multiple vertebral compression fractures and kyphoscoliosis. Her metabolic workup was normal but bone densitometry revealed severe osteoporosis of the dorso-lumbar spine. Immediate weaning and antiresorptives like bisphosphonates and teriparatide are used as first line drugs to manage postpartum spinal osteoporosis. Our patient presented at 4 month lactation and did not want to wean her infant, so she was treated with total contact orthosis and took vitamin D and calcium. The pain was relieved within 3 months but there was no improvement in bone density. After eight months when the infant was weaned, she was treated with teriparatide. After one year of teriparatide therapy, there were no new fractures and densitometry scores improved.

Bone Density , Calcium , Densitometry , Diphosphonates , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Infant , Lactation , Orthotic Devices , Osteoporosis , Osteoporotic Fractures , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Prevalence , Spinal Fractures , Spine , Teriparatide , Vitamin D , Weaning , Young Adult
Asian Spine Journal ; : 689-694, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27057


Osteoblastomas are bone forming lesions arising mainly from posterior elements of the vertebra. They are commonly encountered in the cervical and lumbar regions. We present a case of a thoracic osteoblastoma which is extra osseous and is not communicating with any part of the vertebra present intraforaminally. This is a rare presentation of an osteoblastoma. Imaging studies do not accurately diagnose the osteiod lesion. The size of the lesion and cortical erosion seen on the computed tomography scan help in differentiating the osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, but they are less sensitive and specific. Thus a histopathology is the investigation of choice to diagnose the osteoblastoma. Early and adequate removal of mass prevents malignant transformation, metastasis, and recurrence. In our case we excised the pars interarticularis unilaterally, removed the osteoid mass intact, and performed unilateral instrumented fusion. There was no recurrence and solid fusion was seen at 3 years follow up.

Follow-Up Studies , Lumbosacral Region , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteoblastoma , Osteoma, Osteoid , Recurrence , Spine