Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828179

ABSTRACT

Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a new biological tissue engineering technology in recent years. The development of 3D bioprinting is conducive to solving the current problems of clinical tissue and organ repairing. This article provides a review about the clinical and research status of 3D bioprinting and urinary system reconstruction. Furthermore, the feasibility and clinical value of 3D bioprinting in urinary system reconstruction will be also discussed.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Humans , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Urinary Tract
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 456-461, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755474

ABSTRACT

Objective This systematic review and Meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted (RP),laparoscopic (LP) and open (OP) dismembered pyeloplasty.Methods A systematic literature search on MEDLINE,Cochrane Central Register of Coutrolled Trials,and Web of Science was conducted to identify the relevant studies published before December 2018.Information was extracted from each eligible article.All statistical analyses of this Meta-analysis were performed with Stata 14 and RevMan 5.3 software.Results A total of 24 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in this Meta-analysis.Compared with OP,LP showed similar results on success rate (OR =0.89,95 % CI 0.47-1.69,P =0.729) and complication rate (OR =0.89,95% CI0.58-1.36,P =0.585).LP had a longer operative time(WMD =53.86,95% CI 13.23-94.29,P =0.009) and shorter length of stay (WMD =-2.32,95% CI-3.48--1.16,P < 0.001).Our study found that RP was superior to LP with respect to success rate (OR =2.53,95 % CI 1.03-6.19,P =0.043),complication rate (OR =0.54,95 % CI 0.31-0.96,P =0.034),operative time (WMD =-25.94,95% CI-47.56--4.23,P =0.019) and length of stay (WMD =-25.94,95% CI-47.56--4.23,P =0.019).Conclusions RP has some advantages,it may be applied for UPJO routinely in the future if the costs can be decreased.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687556

ABSTRACT

During kidney transplant, the non-specific inflammatory response induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) will lead to decreased survival ability of transplanted kidney. However, the effect of IRI on long-term survival rate of allograft is not sure. Here we illuminated the relationship between early IRI and decreased long-term survival ability of allograft by retrospectively analyzing the clinical evidences and laboratory investigations. Previous studies showed that early IRI resulted in the graft loss through reduction of renal functional mass, vascular injury, chronic hypoxia and subsequent fibrosis. IRI was also one of the main factors to induce dysfunction of transplanted kidney and acute rejection reaction, and to decrease the allograft survival. Therefore, it's better to substitute traditional methods with novel measures during kidney transplant which may relieve the renal IRI much better.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 299-304, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512158

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the efficacy and safety of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) and flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FURL) in management of lower pole kidney stones.Methods PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane library, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Data were searched from the beginning of database to September 2016 and clinical trials that compared the two above operation for treatment of lower pole stones were collected.Two researchers independently filtered literature,extracted data and evaluated the methodological quality of research papers.The meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3 software.Results One randomized and seven non-randomized studies were analyzed, which consists of 621 patients including MPCNL group 327 cases, FURL group 294 cases.The results of meta-analysis showed that MPCNL was better than FURL in stones clearance (OR =2.65,95% CI 1.58-4.46,P < 0.01) and operative time (WMD =-21.86,95% CI-28.52--15.20, P < 0.01).FURL was better in hospital stay time (WMD =2.28,95% CI 0.29-4.28, P =0.02), decrease in haemoglobin levels (WMD =0.78,95 % CI 0.68-0.89, P < 0.01), bleeding (OR =5.11,95 % CI 1.12-23.31,P =0.04), transfusion(OR =7.04,95% CI 1.59-31.15, P =0.01).There was no significant difference in fever,urinary tract infection, hematuria (P > 0.05).Conclusions Both MPCN and FURL are safe and effective for the treatment of lower pole stones, MPCNL can get higher stone clearance rates and shorter operation time.However, FURL can get shorter hospitalization time and lower complication rates.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 104-107, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470679

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the outcome of vesicoureteral reflux after augmentation cystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder.Methods Between January 2008 and January 2014,a total of 25 patients,with a hypocompliant bladder associated with vesicoureteral reflux confirmed by video-urodynamics preoperatively,were recruited in this study.They all had undergone bladder augmentation with a generous detubularized segment of bowel at our institution.No effort had been made to correct existing reflux.Preoperatively assessment included urinalysis,kidney function tests,ultrasonography,video-urodynamic evaluation.All patients had various degrees of vesicoureteral reflux.The status of vesicoureteral reflux and bladder function were studied by video-urodynamic.Results Mean follow-up was 2.2 years (range 0.5 to 5.5 years).The video-urodynamics manifested a significant improvement of bladder capacity,diminution of intravesical pressure and resolution of reflux after bladder augmentation.Of the 25 patients,20 (80%) no longer had reflux,3 (12%) had improvement,2 (8%) had no change.Sixteen of 18 with grades Ⅰ to Ⅲ (89%),all refluxing units with grade Ⅳ to grade Ⅴ (100%) showed complete cessation of reflux.Symptomatic urinary infection was not found after surgery.Conclusions Augmentation enterocystoplasty without ureteral reimplantation is effective and adequate for patients with high pressure and hypocompliant neurogenic bladder.Therefore,ureteral reimplantation is not necessary underwent when augmentation enterocystoplasty is recommended to patients with neurogenic bladder and vesicoureteral reflux.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 329-332, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425919

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the etiology and management of male urethral stricture at 8 medical centers in China during the period from 2004 to 2009 years,and to investigate whether there were any changes in etiology and management of urethral stricture with time change.MethodsThe database on 3455 male patients with urethral stricture who underwent treatment at 8 medical centers in China between January 2004 and December 2009 were prospectively collected.The databases were analyzed for possible cause of stricture and treatment techniques for urethral stricture,and for the changes in etiology and management with time change.ResultsThere were 3455 operations for urethral stricture during the study period.The main causes of urethral strictures were traumas in 1833 patients (53.05%),among which pelvic fractures were in 1327 (38.41%) and perineal trauma in 506 (14.65%).The second cause was iatrogenic causes in 1181 patients (34.18% ),among which transurethral operations or examinations were in 602 (17.42%),hypospadias surgery in 291 (8.42%) and urethral catheterization in 164 (4.75% ).Less common causes were urethritis in 201 patients (5.82%),lichen sclerosus in 149 (4.31%),undefined in 91 (2.63%).The treatments of urethral strictures were endourological surgery including internal urethrotomy and dilation and open urethroplasty including end-to-end urethroplasty and the substitude urethroplasty etc.The ratios of using various techniques in total number of patients were obviously different by time.The most application technique for treatment of urethral stricture was endourological surgery ( 709 ) during 2004 -2006 and occupied 52.67% in total number of patients.It was gradually decreased during 2007 -2009 (726) and only occupied 34.42% (P <0.01 ).Open urethroplasty gradually increased during 2007 -2009 ( 1243,58.94% ) compared with the first three years (563,41.83% ) (P < 0.01 ). Conclusions During the recent years there was an increase in the incidence of urethral stricture being trauma and iatrogenic causes.The main treatments of urethral strictures were endourological surgery and open urethroplasty.Endourological surgery was significantly decreased in total number of patients,while open urethroplasty were significantly increased during the late three years.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 822-826, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of amplitude dependent morphological and proliferative changes in human bladder smooth muscle cells (hBSMCs) undergoing physiological stretch in vitro.Methods The hBSMCs were cuhured on silicone membrane and stretched similarly to a bladder cycle at range of stretches and time.The elongation would increase up to 2.5% every 3 h and 5% (or 10%,15%,20% and 25% depending on the experiment design) in the next 1 h,followed by a rapid decrease,cyclically maintained for a total of 16 h.In subsequent 8 h (24 h cycles) the membrane was maintained in relaxed position.Immunofluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscope were employed to assess the morphological changes.Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry were used to assess the cell proliferation.Results The hBSMCs showed contractile phenotype after application of mechanical strain.Compared with control,the strains at 5%,10%,15%,20% and 25% induced most of the cells to change from a more spread-out and stellate state with large cell surface contact areas to a typical spindle-like morphology.The orientation angle of BSMCs remarkably differed depending on the applied strain's magnitude.Absorbance value,which reflects the proliferation activity,analyzed by CCK-8 was improved from 0.471 ± 0.027 (control) to 1.320 ± 0.094 (5% elongation group,P < 0.0001),1.001 ± 0.029 (10% elongation group,P <0.0001),0.821 ±0.032 (15% elongation group,P<0.0001),0.621 ±0.032 (20% elongation group,P =0.0004) and 0.591 ± 0.056 (25% elongation group,P =0.0268),respectively.Cell proliferation index increased from (29.35 ±0.55)% (control) to (55.55 ± 1.05)% (5% elongation group,P <0.0001),(47.70 ±0.20)% (10% elongation group,P<0.0001),(35.40 ±2.10)% (15% elongation group,P <0.0001),respectively.However,no significant difference was found in either 20% elongation group (34.85 ±0.55)% (P=0.1372) or 25% elongation group (30.35 ±0.45)% (P=0.5234).Conclusions Proliferative and morphological changes could be observed in hBSMCs in vitro.Maximal proliferative potential could be seen at 5% of stretch.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 377-380, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400495

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dorsal onlay buccal mucosa urethro-plasty for the treatment of long anterior urethral stricture. Methods From October 2005 to SeDtem-ber 2007,57 patients(17-52 years old)underwent buccal mucosal dorsal onlay urethroplastv for the treatment of anterior urethral stricture.The mean urethral stricture length was 3.0cm(2.5-7.0 cm).Previously,29(51%)patients had experienced one direct vision internal urethrotomy(DVIU),20(35%)patients had accepted twice DVIU and 8(14%)patient had 3 times DVIU for the treatment of urethral stricture.All patients recurred urethral stricture after DVIU.The length of urethral stric-ture was measured by combined retrograde urethrography and voiding cystourethrography before ure-throplasty.All patients accepted urethroplasty at more than 6 months after last failed surgery.Buccal mucosa was harvested from right cheek.The urethra was exposed and dors'al side was rotated to out-side. A longitudinal incision was made on urethra. Buccal mucosal free grafts were sutured to the open edges of urethra with 6-0 absorbable suture. 1 8 F silicon fenestrated urethral catheter was Dlaced and kept for 4 weeks. Urethrography was used at 4 weeks and 3 months after the urethroplastv,and thenevery 6 months to evaluate the urethral recovery.Dysuria and urethral caliber less than 1 6 F which was confirmed by urethrography and urethroscopy were regarded as stricture recurrence. Resuits The mean fellow-up time were 11.2 months(1-23 months).Fifty-four(95%) patients remained stricture free.Three(5%)patients recurred at the 2 to 3 months after the operation and were treated with DVIU.Three patients had wound infection and recovered without other complication.There was no fistula,diverticulum in all patients.The pain of cheek lasted for 2 5 days(average 2.3 days).No case had hypoesthesia of cheek,obstruction of stenseffs duct or cheek scar.Conclusions Dorsal on-1ay buccal mucosal urethroplasty for long anterior urethral stricture provides stable results with few and acceptable complications.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675185

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of different kinds of nitric oxide synthase(NOS)in the growth and angiogenesis of bladder transitional cell carcinoma. Methods Bladder transitional cell carcinoma tissue specimens were procured from 25 patients undergoing cystectomy, and compared with 6 normal bladder tissue specimens from donors in renal transplantation. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression of 3 kinds of NOS. Results The malignant epithelial cells showed strong positive on immunohistochemistry whereas normal bladder showed only a weak positive iNOS immunostaining. The endothelial cells of precapillary vessels in the stroma of carcinoma showed a highly positive endothelial NOS (eNOS) immunostaining as compared with the stroma of normal bladder tissue. The expression of neuronal NOS(nNOS) was found in fibers in the fibromuscular stroma of the two groups. Conclusions Bladder transitional carcinoma tissue had a higher content of iNOS and which might be related to the genesis and development of bladder carcinoma.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL