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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 498-511, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792993


Ricin is a highly toxic type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) which is extracted from the seeds of castor beans. Ricin is considered a potential bioterror agent and no effective antidote for ricin exists so far. In this study, by structural modification of a retrograde transport blocker Retro-2, a series of novel compounds were obtained. The primary screen revealed that compound has an improved anti-ricin activity compare to positive control. pre-exposure evaluation in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells demonstrated that is a powerful anti-ricin compound with an EC of 41.05 nmol/L against one LC (lethal concentration, 5.56 ng/mL) of ricin. Further studies surprisingly indicated that confers post-exposure activity against ricin intoxication. An study showed that 1 h post-exposure administration of can improve the survival rate as well as delay the death of ricin-intoxicated mice. A drug combination of with monoclonal antibody mAb4C13 rescued mice from one LD (lethal dose) ricin challenge and the survival rate of tested animals is 100%. These results represent, for the first time, indication that small molecule retrograde transport blocker confers both and post-exposure protection against ricin and therefore provides a promising candidate for the development of anti-ricin medicines.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511050


OBJECTIVE To investigate the immunogenicities of Poria cocos polysaccharides, PCP-Ⅰand PCP-Ⅱ, as a vaccine adjuvant. METHODS ①Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) was linked to PCP-Ⅰor PCP-Ⅱrespectively to prepare immuno-antigen KLH-PCP-Ⅰor KLH-PCP-Ⅱ. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was also linked to PCP-Ⅰor PCP-Ⅱrespectively to prepare screening-antigen. Rabbits were immunized with KLH-PCP-Ⅰor KLH-PCP-Ⅱplus Freund adjuvant by intradermal injection twice, and serum specific antibody titers were determined by ELISA. ②BALB/c mice were immunized with PCP-Ⅰ or PCP-Ⅱ alone intramuscularly twice, and serum polysaccharide antibody titers were determined by ELISA.③BALB/c mice were co-immunized intramuscularly or subcutaneously with PCP-Ⅰor PCP-Ⅱplus hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus inactivated vaccine (PRRSV) twice, and serum polysaccharide-antibody titers were determined by ELISA. RESULTS ①Serum anti-KLH and anti-polysaccharides (PCP-Ⅰor PCP-Ⅱ) antibodies were pro?duced after rabbits were immunized with KLH-PCP-Ⅰor KLH-PCP-Ⅱplus Freund adjuvant twice.②Serum anti-PCP-Ⅰor anti-PCP-Ⅱantibodies were not found after mice were immunized with PCP-Ⅰand PCP-Ⅱalone twice.③After mice were immunized with HBsAg or PRRSV plus PCP-Ⅰor PCP-Ⅱtwice, serum anti-PCP-Ⅰor anti-PCP-Ⅱantibodies were not found. CONCLUSION PCP-Ⅰand PCP-Ⅱshow weak immunogenicity, which may be quite safe as a vaccine adjuvant.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488066


OBJECTIVE To investigate chemical properties of a fructooligosaccharide (ABP-50-FOS)separated from Achyranthes bidentata and immune response in mice immunized H1N1 influenza vaccine. METHODS The methods of GPC,CE,IR and NMR were used to study chemical properties of ABP-50-FOS. BALB/c mice were immunized intramuscularly twice with H1N1 influenza vaccine (3 μg)plus ABP-50-FOS(200 μg)each mouse. The serum total antibody titer and its isotypes titers were analyzed by ELISA. The populations of CD4+,CD8+,CD3+and CD19+lymphocytes were deter?mined by flow cytometry. The proliferation activities of spleen T and B lymphocytes were determined with MTT method. The levels of cytokines interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),inter?leukin-4(IL-4),IL-12 and NO were measured by ELISA kits. RESULTS ABP-50-FOS was a fructooli?gosaccharide with moleculer mass 1885 u. Its bone linkages contained 1,2-and 1,6-fructose residues. ABP-50-FOS could induce high specific-IgG,IgG1,IgG2a,IgG2b and IgM titers after immunization with H1N1 influenza antigen twice(P<0.01). ABP-50-FOS significantly elevated the percentage of CD3+,CD4+ and CD8+ spleen lymphocytes and IFN-γ secretions(P<0.01)in vitro. It also stimulated peritoneal macrophage of mice and DC2.4 dendritic cells to produce TNF-αand IL-12p70 respectively (P<0.01). However,ABP-50-FOS inhibited secretions of NO in macrophage. CONCLUSION The fruc?tooligosaccharide ABP-50-FOS separated from A. bidentata can exhibit strong adjuvant activity for H1N1 influenza vaccine.

Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 775-779, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459969


Objective To investigate the effect of citric acid and ambroxol on clearing insoluble particles of depleted uranium in rat lungs by establishing a tracheal perfusion model.Methods One hundred and fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into model exposure group, normal control group(NC group), depleted uranium exposure group(DU), citric acid treatment group( CA) , ambroxol treatment group( AM) and citric acid+ambroxol treatment group( CA+AM) . The rats were sacrificed on 7, 15 and 30 days.Uranium content in the lungs was detected by microwave digestion method, pathological changes in the lungs were observed, and inflammatory factors of lung homogenates were detected.Results Compared to DU control group, the intrapulmonary uranium deposit amount in experimental groups was significantly reduced on 7 and 15 days (P<0.05).HE stained lung tissue showed that the pathological changes in treatment groups were less significant than in DU control group.The level of IL-1α,IL-1β,and IL-2 was significantly lower than in DU control, but the level of MCP-1 and MIP-1 was observably higher.Conclusion Citric acid and ambroxol can evidently improve the clear-ance of lung uranium and reduce damnification of lung tissues.Drug treatment can reduce the level of pulmonary inflamma-tory cytokines alleviate the chronic inflammation in the lungs, and enhance the capacity of macrophage to recruitment.