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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407092

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is nearly no muscle tissue with satisfactory function and appearance applying in clinical repair and construction of injured muscles to date. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of applying autologous fascia as a scaffold to construct muscle in vivo. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The randomized, self-matched control experiment was carried out between January 2004and June 2006 at Department of Burns & Plastic Surgery, Second Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China MATERIALS: Twenty-eight healthy New Zealand rabbits, weighing (1.7±0.5) kg, without sex restriction, establishing middle part defect model of anterior tibial muscle of rabbit hind legs. METHODS: One hind leg of each rabbit was randomized to the experimental group (n=28), the other hind leg was assigned to one of 3 control groups, scaffold-connected group (n=10), muscle particle implant group (n=10) and blank control group(n=8). In experimental group, the defect was connected with an autologous fascial scaffold and filled with the mutilated muscle particles, and subcutaneous tissue and skin were sutured in situ. In scaffold-connected group, the treatments were same to the experimental group only except muscle particle implantation. In muscle particle implant group, the defect was filled with muscle particles but without fascial scaffold and other treatments were same to the experimental group. The defect in blank control group received no treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The success rate of muscle transplantation, histological and ultra structural observation,and immunohistochemical identification of desmin were observed at 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9 weeks after operation. The middle parts of samples were also harvested for relative quantitative analysis of α-actin cDNA using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in the experimental group and scaffold-connected group.RESULTS: In experimental group, 1 muscle broke near the proximal junction, the other 27 succeeded and the appearance of healed defects became near normal gradually. In scaffold-connected group, 4 muscles broke, 6 muscles still depressed in defect area; in muscle particle implant group and blank control group, the defects had no change. In experimental group, a large quantity of skeletal muscle satellite cells proliferated, which reached peak at 2-3 weeks, cells attached to the ends of fibrous connective tissue; in scaffold-connected group only fibrous connective tissue was seen. lmmunohistochemistry showed that 85% cells in experimental group were desmin-positive, while the positive rate in scaffold-connected group was < 25%. The relative quantitative analysis of α -actin cDNA showed that there were significant differences between the experimental group and scaffold-connected group at different time points(P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: The success rate of repairing muscle defect with autologous fascial scaffold reached 93.33%, which indicates that it is feasible to promote muscle regeneration with autologous fascial scaffold.

3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 155-158, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289221

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of respiratory support with high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in severely burned patients with inhalation injury during early postburn stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty severely burned patients with TBSA of 79.6 +/- 29.3% and inhalation injury were enrolled in the study. Nineteen cases received tracheostomy after admission and only one received nasal intubation. All the patients underwent HFJV to correct hypoxia. The changes in blood gas analysis, respiratory rate and pulse were recorded before and 11 days after the ventilation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Tracheostomy was performed on 2.7 +/- 2.4 postburn days (PBDs), and HFJV was given during 4.4 +/- 2.9 PBDs. PaO(2) was evidently higher during 1 - 3 days after HFJV than that before the ventilation (P < 0.01) and remained at high level for 1 week after HFJV. There was no change in PaCO(2), respiratory rate and pulse during the ventilation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HFJV was beneficial in improving oxygenation and without any obvious side effects during the early management of severely burned patients with inhalation injury. This might be an optimal respiratory support pattern.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Gas Analysis , Burns , General Surgery , High-Frequency Jet Ventilation , Humans , Middle Aged , Smoke Inhalation Injury , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Tracheostomy
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