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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1064-1069, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thyroid dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of thyroid function in lipid metabolism remains partly unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the causal association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism via a genetic analysis termed Mendelian randomization (MR).@*METHODS@#The MR approach uses a genetic variant as the instrumental variable in epidemiological studies to mimic a randomized controlled trial. A two-sample MR was performed to assess the causal association, using summary statistics from the Atrial Fibrillation Genetics Consortium (n = 537,409) and the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (n = 188,577). The clinical measures of thyroid function include thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels, FT3:FT4 ratio and concentration of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb). The serum lipid metabolism traits include total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. The MR estimate and MR inverse variance-weighted method were used to assess the association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism.@*RESULTS@#The results demonstrated that increased TSH levels were significantly associated with higher TC (β = 0.052, P = 0.002) and LDL (β = 0.041, P = 0.018) levels. In addition, the FT3:FT4 ratio was significantly associated with TC (β = 0.240, P = 0.033) and LDL (β = 0.025, P = 0.027) levels. However, no significant differences were observed between genetically predicted FT4 and TPOAb and serum lipids.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, the results of the present study suggest an association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism, highlighting the importance of the pituitary-thyroid-cardiac axis in dyslipidemia susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the prominent molecular signaling in acupoints and explore their roles in initiating the analgesia effect of manual acupuncture (MA).@*METHOD@#A three-step study was conducted, the experiment 1 was a genome-wide analysis of the tissue at acupoint Zusanli (ST 36), including 12 Wistar rats which were divided into control, control+MA1, and control+MA7 groups. In the experiment 2, the paw withdrawal latency (PWL), immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis of phospho-nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) p65 (p-p65), phospho-NFκB p50 (p-p50) at ST 36 were performed on rats of saline, saline+MA, and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)+MA groups (n=6). In experiment 3, 24 rats were divided into saline+DMSO, CFA+DMSO, CFA+DMSO+MA, and CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA groups, the PWL and immunofluorescence assay of NFκB p65 at ST 36 was conducted.@*RESULT@#(1) The gene: inhibitor of NFκB (Nfkbia), interleukin-1β (Il1b), interleukin-6 (Il6), chemokine c-x-c motif ligand 1 (Cxcl1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/Ccl2) expressions in the control+MA7 group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the expression of NFκB p65 (Rela), NFκB p50 (Nfkb1) were increased in the control+MA7 group (P<0.05). (2) CFA+MA groups showed increased PWL from day 1 to 7 (P<0.01 vs. CFA), and the Western blot results were consistent with immunohistochemistry, the expression of NFκB p-p65 and NFκB p-p50 were significantly increased in the MA-related groups compared with control and CFA groups (P<0.05). (3) Compared with the CFA+DMSO+MA group, the PWL of the CFA+ BAY 11-7082+MA group decreased significantly and continued until day 5 and 7 (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively), and the NFκB p65 expression of CFA+BAY 11-7082+MA was significantly reduced compared with CFA+DMSO+MA (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Local NFκB signaling cascade in acupoint caused by MA is an important step in initiating the analgesic effect, which would provide new evidence for the initiation of MA-effect and improve the understanding of the scientific basis of acupuncture analgesia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824954

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the research status of the changes in local microenvironment of acupoints caused by acupuncture, provide theoretical guidance for the initiation mechanisms of local acupuncture effect at acupoints. Methods: Using acupuncture, acupoint as key words to search China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), PubMed and other databases, the representative articles were selected for review. Results: Acupuncture could excite afferent nerves, activate cells, and promote the release of chemical substances like neuropeptide, hormone, cytokines, etc. in the local site of acupoints. Besides, it may cause mechanical deformation of connective tissues, and change chemical ions as well as ion channels. Conclusion: The microenvironment changes around acupoints are crucial to acupuncture effect; the concept of 'acupoints network' can be used to objectively describe the local changes around the acupoints after acupuncture.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 790-793, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869758

ABSTRACT

One of the main reasons for the high recurrence rate of bladder cancer is the missed diagnosis of tiny lesions and difficulty in their complete resection. This review focuses on summarizing the new Methods and techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of tiny lesions of bladder cancer. Based on these, the review will provide urologists with new ideas to improve the detection rate and resection rate of tiny lesions of bladder cancer, thereby effectively reducing the recurrence rate of bladder cancer.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E077-E082, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802508

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the in vivo degradation rates of two different kinds of high purity magnesium bone screws by animal experiments, so as to make some suggestions on structural design of high purity magnesium bone screws. Methods High purity magnesium bone screws with threads and without threads were implanted into femoral condyles of New Zealand rabbits separately. Twenty-four rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups. They were euthanized at 8, 12 and 16 weeks after operation, respectively. The in vivo degradation rates of bone screws with two different shapes were compared through micro-CT scanning and Skyscan CT-analyser software, and the stress changes during the progress of bone screw degradation were analyzed. Results The initial surface area of threaded screws [(31.70±0.06) mm2] was significantly greater than that of the non-threaded ones [(29.56±0.22) mm2]. After 8, 12 and 16 weeks, the volume loss ratios of the threaded screws were (26.01±3.44)%, (33.35±5.05)%, (36.84±6.99)%, respectively, and the volume loss ratios of the non-threaded screws were (22.53±4.78)%, (31.12±6.59)%, (43.22±9.31)%, respectively. At the same time point, there were no significant differences in the volume loss ratio between two kinds of screws. The relationship between the volume reduction and the implantation time was linear for non-threaded screws and gradually decreasing for threaded screws. Conclusions Under the low-bearing condition, different structural design for high purity magnesium screws has no obvious effect on their degradation rate in vivo.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E256-E261, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802451

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change patterns of bone microstructural parameters around the magnesium based- implants after implantation in rabbit femur at different implantation time points. Methods The threaded and non-threaded high-purity magnesium (HP Mg, 99.99 wt.%) screws, with a 2 mm diameter and a 7 mm length, were implanted into the femoral condyle of the rabbits. The control group was the drilled and healthy group. Micro-CT scanning and analysis were performed at 8th, 12th and 16th week after operation. The obtained microstructural parameters included bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp). Results At 8th week, BMD and BV/TV in non-threaded magnesium screw group were significantly higher than those in healthy group, Tb.N was significantly higher than that in drilled and healthy group, and Tb.Sp was significantly lower than that in healthy group. At 12th week, BMD, BV/TV and Tb.N in threaded magnesium screw group were significantly higher than those in drilled and healthy group, Tb.Th was significantly higher than that in healthy group, and Tb.Sp was significantly lower than that in drilled and healthy group. At 16th week, BMD, BV/TV and Tb.N in non-threaded magnesium screw group were significantly higher than those in drilled and healthy group, and Tb.Sp was significantly lower than that in drilled and healthy group. Conclusions The magnesium based-implant promoted higher BMD, BV/TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N and lower Tb.Sp of surrounding implant, indicating that osseointegration and bone growth were in good condition. Magnesium based-implant could effectively promote the regeneration of bone. The results provide a theoretical basis for the orthopedic application of magnesium based-implants in clinic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852095

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from the leaves of Ledum palustre and their antitumor activities. Methods: The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by chromatography of silica gel column, recrystallization and HPLC, and their structures were elucidated by spectral analysis. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds were studied by MTT method. Results: Nine compounds were isolated and identified as ledumone (1), uvaol (2), lepenone (3), α-amyrenone (4), ursolic acid (5), lupeol (6), α-amyrin (7), fern-9(11)-ene-2α,3β-diol (8), and fernenol (9). Conclusion: Compound 1 is new named as ledumone, and compounds 4, 8, and 9 are isolated from Ledum palustre for the first time. Fernane type triterpene 1, 8, and 9 show no significant cytotoxicities against A549 and K562 cells.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 364-369, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809948

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This cross-sectional study aimed to address the relationship between the volume of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) with cardiovascular risk factors and coronary artery calcification(CAC) in the community residents.@*Methods@#Individuals were recruited from the Jidong Community (Tangshan City, Northern China) which mainly comprised employees of the Jidong Co. Ltd. and their family members. From July 2013 to August 2014, 2 647 participants aged ≥40 years were included in this study. The volume of EAT and coronary artery calcification score (CAC score) were determined by a 64-slice CT. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) was measured by a trained sonographer using a high-resolution B-mode topographic ultrasound system. Venous blood samples were analyzed by automated analyzers in the central laboratory. A validated questionnaire specifically designed for this study was used to collect demographic data from all participants by trained doctors. Characteristics of study cohort were compared according to quartiles of EAT volume (n=660, 663, 662, 662, repectively).@*Results@#(1) The mean age of participants was (55.31±7.76) years and 49.94% (n=1 322) were men. The median EAT volume (interquartile) was 129.42 (95.66, 176.51)cm3. (2) Age, BMI, waist circumference and hip circumference, systolic blood pressure, LDL-C, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose were significantly higher, while HDL-C level was significantly lower in participants with higher EAT volume than participants with lower EAT volume (all P<0.05). Carotid intima-media thicken (CIMT) and higher CAC score were also significantly higher in participants with higher volume of EAT. Furthermore, percentage of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia increased in proportion with increasing EAT volume (P<0.05). (3) In the linear regression, significant positive relations were found for age (β=0.019 3, 95%CI 0.017-0.021, P<0.001), waist circumference (β=0.012 7, 95%CI 0.009-0.016, P<0.001), BMI (β=0.022 4, 95%CI 0.013-0.032, P<0.001), LDL-C (β=0.048 4, 95%CI 0.021-0.076, P<0.001), and HDL-C (β=-0.098 1, 95%CI-0.164--0.032, P<0.001) was inversely related to the EAT volume. (4) Logistic regression analysis indicated that EAT volume was an independent risk factor for CAC score>0 (OR=1.233, 95%CI 1.205-1.262, P<0.001) .@*Conclusions@#Our findings indicate that EAT volume is strongly correlated to cardiovascular risk factors and coronary calcification and is an independent risk factor of increased coronary calcification in community residents.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710054

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether thyroid hormone (TH) level could also be an independent and incremental predictor of adverse events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods A total of 982 consecutive patients with HCM at the National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases (China) from October 2009 to December 2013 were included in the present study,and followed up till the end of December 2016.The patients were divided into three groups according to the levels of free triiodothyronine (FT3):the group 1 (FT3≤4.28 pmol/L,n=335),the group 2 (FT3>4.28-<4.79 pmol/L,n=310),and the group 3 (FT34.79-6.30 pmol/L,n=337).Results After a follow-up period of (53.8 ± 14.1) months,39 patients (4.0%) either suffered death with all causes or received a cardiac transplantation (7.8%,2.9% and 1.2% of the patients in the group 1,group 2 and group 3,respectively).A multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that FT3≤4.28 pmol/L was associated with a significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality or cardiac transplantation (HR 8.83,95% CI 1.115-69.905,P=0.039) in HCM patients.Conclusions Low levels of FT3 is a risk factor of adverse events for patients with HCM,indicting a role of FT3 as a marker for assessing the risk of long-term adverse events in these patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700552

ABSTRACT

Biological pharmaceutics is not only the important basic course in medicine,biotechnology,but also the course of combination of theory and practice.Experiment plays an important role in the teaching system of biological pharmaceutics.According to the characteristics of biopharmaceutical and the demand for talent cultivation,we have made some adjustments from the basic process of genetic engineering drug preparation such as rearranging biopharmaceutical experimental classes to form a systemic experiment content,increasing the experiment lesson,innovatively making the students participant in the experiment preparation,and opening the laboratory and improve the method of experiment examination.It has been proved that this teaching reform can improve the teaching quality of experimental class,and has valuable demonstration significance and reference value to the quality education and experimental teaching reform.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 192-197, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806202

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) on predicting the long-term outcome of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) .@*Methods@#NT-proBNP was measured in 831 consecutive patients with HCM at Fuwai Hospital from October 2009 to December 2013 and patients were followed up clinically for (53.3±15.4) months. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to NT-proBNP values: NT-proBNP<860 pmol/L (n=276) , 860 pmol/L≤NT-proBNP≤1 905 pmol/L (n=278) , NT-proBNP>1 905 pmol/L (n=277) . The related baseline data, laboratory examination and echocardiographic results were compared among groups. The primary endpoints of this study were all-cause mortality and cardiac transplantation. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratio (HR) . Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the survival status of patients among the 3 groups.@*Results@#During a median follow-up of (53.3±15.4) months, all-cause mortality or cardiac transplantation occurred in 37 patients (4.5%) , event rate was 1.4% (4/276) , 4.0% (11/278) and 7.9% (22/277) in patients with NT-proBNP<860 pmol/L, 860 pmol/L≤NT-proBNP≤1 905 pmol/L and NT-proBNP>1 905 pmol/L, respectively. Multivariable Cox regression analysis identified that age (HR 1.066, 95%CI 1.027-1.107) and NT-proBNP (HR 1.026, 95% CI 1.010-1.042) were independent predictors of all-cause mortality or cardiac transplantation. Among the 3 groups, the survival rate of the NT-proBNP<860 pmol/L group was the highest,and that of the NT-proBNP>1 905 pmol/L group was the lowest (P<0.01) .@*Conclusions@#The level of NT-proBNP provides clinically relevant information for long-term adverse events risk stratification in patients with HCM.

12.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E417-E422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803730

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of mechanical load on in vivo degradation performance of high-purity magnesium (HP Mg, 99.99 wt.%) quantitatively. Methods Cylindrical Mg specimens, with a 2 mm diameter and a 14 mm length, were mounted in polyetheretherketone (PEEK) rings to bear compressive stresses [(6.2±0.6) MPa], tensile stresses [(4.6±0.1) MPa] or no stress (as control). The specimens under different stress states were implanted subcutaneously in dorsal abdominal regions of SD rats for 4 weeks. The mass loss, residual volume and surface morphology of the specimens and staining of surrounding soft tissues were used to analyze the degradation rate of HP Mg. Results Specimens and rings were completely encapsulated by membranous tissues after implantation for 4 weeks. No significant differences in the degradation rates were noted between specimens bearing stress and the control. The corrosion layers of specimens under each stress state were uniform. Conclusions The compressive and tensile stresses (4-6 MPa) could not affect significantly HP Mg degradation performance in vivo. The research findings provide theoretical references for the design and clinical application of Mg-based degradable implants.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 416-424, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779608

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to design and synthetize highly efficient, specific, non-resistant small MEK inhibitors. Based on active small molecules which have been reported, we studied the action mode with MEK protein using Autodock 4.2, generated innovative and feasible design method, designed novel small MEK protein inhibitors with a reference to molecular modeling and docking. The anti-tumor activities of four kinds of cells including MCF-7, PANC-1, SY5Y, A549 were tested with MTT method in vitro. The structure of 10 new small molecules has been determined with 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The compounds 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 had high antitumor activities, the compounds 1, 3, 5 also showed good activity, and the compounds 2, 9 showed cell selectivity in killing tumor.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668619

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment and disposal of laboratory animal waste in Beijing area in 2016. Methods Questionnaire, telephone survey, on-the-spot investigation and WeChat were used to survey the basic situation and laboratory animal waste management, including bedding material, excreta, carcasses and experimental consumables,etc. in 164 laboratory animal facilities in Beijing area in 2016. Results The data we have collected were relatively comprehensive and universal, reflecting the currently existing problems. Conclusions This investigation provides a reference for the compilation of the management rules of laboratory animal waste in Beijing.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507615

ABSTRACT

The method of flying through the air is a qi-promoting and qi-circulating technique commonly used in clinical acupuncture. It includes four methods: the blue dragon wagging its tail, the white tiger shaking its head, the green turtle probing the cave and the red phoenix winging to the source and functions to circulate bodily meridian qi. The method of flying through the air was firstrecorded in Golden needle Fu. Later and modern doctors developed it on the basis of Golden needle Fu. This article straightens up the historical origin and development of four methods of flying through the air.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247743

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical acupoint selection rule of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) treated with acupuncture by literature analysis. The related articles were retrieved in 6 Chinese and English databases,including CNKI,VIP,,PubMed,Medline and Cochrane. We established a holistic acupoint database and a disease location acupoint database. The results show that there are 120 acupuncture prescriptions and 143 acupoints,with the highest frequency of Zusanli(ST 36). Local acupoints are mainly used for disease locations. The highest acupoin-tcombination frequency of 32 for mandibular joint shows Kunlun(BL 60) and Jiexi(ST 41);22 for finger joint,Baxie(EX-UE 9) and Zusanli(ST 36);28 for wrist joint,Yangxi(LI 5) and Yangchi(TE 4);24 for elbow joint,Quchi(LI 11) and Zusanli(ST 36);21 for shoulder joint,Jianyu(LI 15) and Zusanli(ST 36);13 for spine joint,Yaoyangguan(GV 3) and Shenzhu(GV 12);18 for hip joint,Zhibian(BL 54) and Huantiao(GB 30);20 for knee joint,Shenshu(BL 23) and Yanglingquan(GB 34);32 for ankle joint,Kunlun(BL 60) and Jiexi(ST 41);22 for toe joint,Baxie(EX-UE 9) and Zusanli(ST 36);25 for whole body joints,Yanglingquan(GB 34) and Zusanli(ST 36). Thirty new acupoint prescriptions are found by entropy clustering analysis for different disease regions induced by RA. There exists the acupoint selection rule for acupuncture treating RA and the new prescriptions need to be clinical verification.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of energy saving light,incandescent light and circadian light on the ethology of depressive rats and explore its possible mechanism on affecting the secretion of melatonin. METHODS: Thirty rats aged 6weeks were randomly selected from 40 specific pathogen free health female SD rats after they adapted to the living environment,depressive rat models were established in the rats by bilateral ovariectomy combined with isolated living and chronic unpredictable mild stress stimulation at the age of 11-14 weeks. Then these 30 ovariectomized rats were randomly divided into 3 intervention groups,including an energy saving light group,an incandescent light group and a circadian light group,with 10 rats in each group. The rats in these 3 groups were given specific experimental light intervention for 3 weeks respectively at the age of 17 weeks. The other 10 rats were raised in conventional environment as the control group. Their body weights were measured at the age of 17,19,20 and 21 weeks. The ethology tests were carried out by sucrose preference test and the open-field test at the age of 7,14 and 20 weeks respectively. The melatonin levels in peripheral blood of 7 time points from 19: 30 to 8: 30 were measured in the rats at age of 21 weeks. One rat in each group at every time point was randomly selected for examination. RESULTS: At the age of 17 weeks before light-intervention,the body weights of rats in 4 groups showed no significant difference( P > 0. 05). After light-intervention,at the age of 17-20 weeks,the body weights of rats in 3 intervention groups were gradually increased with the increase of age( P < 0. 05).There was no significant difference between body weights of rats at the age of 21 weeks and those at the age of 20 weeks in each group( P > 0. 05). At age of 7 weeks,no significant differences were found in sucrose consumption and standing scores among these 4 groups( P > 0. 05). After the depressive models were established,at the age of 14 weeks before light-intervention,in rats of these 3 intervention groups,the sucrose consumption and standing scores were lower than those of the control group( P < 0. 05),and there was no significant difference found in the above 2 indexes among these 3intervention groups( P > 0. 05). At the age of 20 weeks after light-intervention,the sucrose consumption and standing scores were not significantly different from each other among the 4 groups( P > 0. 05). The peak levels of melatonin in the peripheral blood of rats in these 3 intervention groups were higher than that in the control group. The peak levels onsets of melatonin in peripheral blood of rats in the circadian light group and the energy saving light group were earlier or 2 hours delayed compared to that of control group,while it was similar between the incandescent light group and control group.CONCLUSION: The circadian light,the energy saving light and the incandescent light are similarly effective in improving the behaviors of depressive rats. The circadian light can delay the onset of peak level of melatonin in peripheral blood.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496427

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the design of comprehensive experiments, the precise medical philo-sophy was put into the medical molecular biology experimental teaching, and to explore its effect. Methods Eight-year medical students of Grade 2012 and Grade 2013 in the Fourth Military Medical University were chosen as the teaching subjects. Experimental group consisted of 36 students of Grade 2013, while control group consisted of 30 students of Grade 2012. Precision medicine-based learning was applied in experimental group while traditional learning method was adopted by the control group. At the end of the course, students of two groups were implemented theoretical and experimental skills assessment; through questionnaire students were required to evaluate the effect of teaching methods and the number of two groups of students who asked questions after class greater than or equal to 1 times was counted to evaluate the students' learning enthusiasm. SPSS 15.0 software was used to make t test and Chi-square analysis for the data of the students. Results The assessment results showed that the experimental group was better than control group, especially in the section of comprehensive experimental design [(16.7 ± 2.04) vs. (13.9 ± 2.87), P=0.000]. The results from questionnaire showed that the satisfaction degree of experimental group was also higher than that of control group in many respects, including learning interests, innovation capability, knowledge mastery, cognition of precision medicine and clinical research, satisfaction with the teaching method (P<0.05). And students' learning enthusiasm and the proportion of the number of students asking questions in the experimental group were higher than the control group (P=0.000). Conclusions Precision medicine-based learning not only changes the situation of slavish imitation and passive acceptance in traditional learning, but also arouses students' interest in study and helps students to cultivate clinical thinking, which is com-mensurate to the characteristics of precision-medicine era.

19.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 214-217, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491820

ABSTRACT

Objective:The immunodeficiency animals play more and more important role in oncology research.But researchers usually do not how to choose kinds of immunodeficiency rats and mice during experiments.In this paper, applications and characteristics of immunodeficiency animals were compared as well as some of the common problems were discussed in oncology study.Methods:Classification of the immunodeficiency animals, the characteristics and application of congenital immunodeficiency rats and mice, and common problem analysis in the study of oncology were explored.Results: The feature of various immunodeficiency rats and mice should be considered in the oncology experiments.Conclusion:The paper provide valuable reference for scientific researcher.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506767

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the operation skills of tail vein injection in conscious rats , and improve the success rate of ingection .Methods The rat was fixed by the operator with a self-made binding clothes , one person assists to fix the rat tail, one person performs puncture , and one person performs injection .During the injection process , we should minimize the injury to the rat tail and the stress caused by operation , strictly limit the needle point , the number of puncture , the maximum dose and injection speed , and to make the needle position away from the injection site to avoid contamination and waste of the drug solution .Results The operation method was successfully established and it was fast , stable, with good repeatability and high degree of coordination .Conclusion This operation is rapid, reliable and stable, worthy of recommendation , especially for the intravenous injection of expensive drugs .

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