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1.
Blood Research ; : S75-S78, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925625

ABSTRACT

The accurate assessment of initial disease status and therapeutic responses is critical to the optimal management of patients with lymphoma. Currently, staging and treatment response evaluation for lymphoma has been standardized into the Lugano classification. Lugano classification incorporates positron emission tomography (PET) into the existing response criteria, and response assessment using FDG-PET/CT has been proven to predict the prognosis in various lymphoma subtypes effectively. We will briefly review the current staging and response evaluation system and explore the role of functional imaging in the field of lymphoma.

2.
Blood Research ; : 243-251, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913728

ABSTRACT

Background@#Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of adult leukemia in Western countries but is rare in the East Asian countries. Due to its rarity and the lack of feasible novel agents and laboratory prognostic tools, there are limited data on the clinical outcomes of this disease in Asia. To clarify the current treatment status, we performed a multicenter retrospective analysis of patients with CLL in Korea. @*Methods@#The medical records of 192 eligible patients between 2008 and 2019 were reviewed for clinical characteristics, treatment courses, and outcomes. The first-line treatment regimens of the patients included in this analysis were as follows: fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab (FCR) (N=117, 52.7%), obinutuzumab plus chlorambucil (GC) (N=30, 13.5%), and chlorambucil monotherapy (N=24, 10.8%). @*Results@#The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 55.6 months, and the average 2-year PFS rate was 80.3%. PFS was not significantly different between the patients receiving FCR and those receiving GC; however, chlorambucil treatment was associated with significantly inferior PFS (P <0.001). The median overall survival was 136.3 months, and the average 5- and 10-year OS rates were 82.0% and 57.4%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#This is one of the largest studies involving Korean patients with CLL. Although the patients had been treated with less favored treatment regimens, the outcomes were not different from those reported in Western studies.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763124

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The optimal cytotoxic regimens have not been established for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who develop disease progression on first-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multi-center randomized phase II trial to compare the clinical outcomes between pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination therapy followed by maintenance pemetrexed (PC) and pemetrexed monotherapy (P) after failure of first-line EGFR-TKI. The primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS), and secondary objectives included overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and safety and toxicity profiles. RESULTS: A total of 96 patientswere randomized, and 91 patientswere treated at 14 centers in Korea. The ORR was 34.8% (16/46) for the PC arm and 17.8% (8/45) for the P arm (p=0.066). With 23.4 months of follow-up, the median PFS was 5.4 months in the PC arm and 6.4 months in the P arm (p=0.114). The median OS was 17.9 months and 15.7 months in PC and P arms, respectively (p=0.787). Adverse events ≥ grade 3 were reported in 12 patients (26.1%) in the PC arm and nine patients (20.0%) in the P arm (p=0.491). The overall time trends of HRQOL were not significantly different between the two arms. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of pemetrexed therapy in NSCLC patients with disease progression after firstline EGFR-TKI might not be improved by adding cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Arm , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cisplatin , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Pemetrexed , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Quality of Life , ErbB Receptors , Tyrosine
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1382-1388, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109739

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the tumor characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes of adjuvant treatments after surgery with a curative aim for patients with breast cancer who are 65 years and older. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with breast cancer who underwent curative surgery from 2000 to 2009 were analyzed (n=4,388). Tumor characteristics and survival outcome were compared by dividing the patients into two age groups (< 65 and ≥ 65 years old). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for comparison of survival rates by log-rank test, and a Cox regression model was used to examine the effect of variables. RESULTS: Among 4,388 patients with invasive breast cancer, 317 patients (7.2%) were 65 years or older and the median age of all patients was 47 years (range, 18 to 91 years). Tumor characteristics were similar between the two age groups, but the older patients were treated less often with adjuvant treatments. During a median follow-up period of 122 months, recurrence-free survival (RFS) was equivalent for patients 65 years and older compared to younger patients, but significantly worse in overall survival (OS) and breast cancer–specific survival (BCSS) (5-year OS, 94.3% vs. 90.5%; p < 0.001 and 5-year BCSS, 94.7% vs. 91.8%; p=0.031). In the multivariate model, age ≥ 65 years old was identified as an independent risk factor for OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: Elderly breast cancer appeared to have worse outcomes with very low prevalence in Korea, despite similar tumor characteristics. More active adjuvant therapies would have a role for aggressive subtypes for fit, elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Methods , Population Characteristics , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 152-155, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111604

ABSTRACT

Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is one of the most common esophageal symptoms and lacks a clearly defined mechanism. The most common cause of NCCP is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). One of the accepted mechanisms of NCCP in a patient without GERD has been altered visceral sensitivity. Mast cells may play a role in visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome. In this case, a patient with NCCP and dysphagia who was unresponsive to proton pump inhibitor treatment had an increased esophageal mast cell infiltration and responded to 14 days of antihistamine and antileukotriene treatment. We suggest that there may be a relationship between esophageal symptoms such as NCCP and esophageal mast cell infiltration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chest Pain/etiology , Esophageal Diseases/complications , Esophagus/cytology , Female , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Humans , Leukotriene Antagonists/therapeutic use , Mast Cells/metabolism , Mastocytosis/complications
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36841

ABSTRACT

We report on a case of limited form of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) with pituitary involvement which presented with central diabetes insipidus. This rare form of GPA has not been reported in Korea. The patient presented with fever, headache, productive cough, nasal symptoms, and polyuria. Laboratory data and imaging studies demonstrated inflammatory lesions in nasal sinus and lungs. Pituitary stalk thickening and enhancement were observed on brain magnetic resonance imaging. The histopathology of the lung lesions showed chronic active granulomatous inflammation. Polyuria, hyperosmolar hypernatremia, and decreased urine osmolality which responded to synthetic vasopressin analog were consistent with central diabetes insipidus. Based on the clinical findings and histopathological results, a diagnosis of GPA with pituitary involvement was established. Treatment with desmopressin as well as concurrent glucocorticoids and immunosuppressant resulted in clinical improvement.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cough , Deamino Arginine Vasopressin , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic , Diagnosis , Fever , Glucocorticoids , Headache , Humans , Hypernatremia , Inflammation , Korea , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Osmolar Concentration , Pituitary Gland , Polyuria , Vasopressins
7.
Hanyang Medical Reviews ; : 180-185, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186439

ABSTRACT

There have been conflicting reports on the continuation of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with newly developed or progressive brain metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with newly developed or progressive intracranial lesions, but who maintained well-controlled extracranial disease during erlotinib treatment, were enrolled in this study. The proposed therapy included stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), and/or surgical resection for intracranial lesions. Erlotinib treatment was continued simultaneously unless extracranial disease progressed. The evaluation of both extra- and intra-cranial lesions was performed every 3 months. From October 2009 to June 2012, 14 patients were enrolled in this pilot study. For intracranial disease, 4 patients received SRS alone, 7 patients received both SRS and WBRT, 2 patients received SRS, WBRT and surgical resection, and 1 patient received no local therapy due to the presence of asymptomatic lesions. Of the patients with extracranial disease who were placed on continued erlotinib therapy, 6 patients (42.9%) showed partial response (PR), while 7 patients (50.0%) remained in stable disease (SD). The progression-free survival (PFS) of extracranial and intracranial disease was 11.1 (range 1.6-34.6) and 10.2 (range 1.5-34.6) months, respectively. In 5 cases, brain lesions relapsed before the progression of extracranial disease. Overall survival (OS) was 22.6 (range 2.1-50.4) months. For NSCLC patients with progression of only intracranial disease during erlotinib treatment, the continuation of erlotinib in combination with local therapy to brain metastases can be an effective treatment option.


Subject(s)
Brain , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Central Nervous System , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phosphotransferases , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Quinazolines , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy , Erlotinib Hydrochloride
8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 350-355, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214123

ABSTRACT

Overlap syndrome is defined as a disease entity that fulfills the classification criteria of at least two different rheumatologic diseases simultaneously. Overlap of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less common than the overlap of polymyositis with SSc or systemic lupus erythematosus. Distinguishing RA from SSc can be difficult because arthralgia is a frequent symptom of both. We observed three cases of RA and SSc overlap. In each case, RA occurred in sequence with SSc, with a period of 4-15 years between the onset of each disease. In one case, the patient had diffuse SSc, which is rare among overlap syndrome patients. Previously, only one case of overlap syndrome involving SSc and RA has been reported in Korea; herein, we report our cases with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Arthralgia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Classification , Humans , Korea , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Polymyositis , Scleroderma, Systemic
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 241-245, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167626

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid nodulosis, a benign variant of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is a rare condition characterized by multiple subcutaneous nodules and positive rheumatoid factor in the absence of systemic manifestations or joint disease. Asymptomatic nodules rarely require treatment, and are unlikely to recur after excision, except in cases in which RA develops. Here, we describe an unusual case of recurrent rheumatoid nodulosis in a 42-year-old female presenting with recurrent subcutaneous nodules on the plantar side of her left foot, which caused pain when walking. Nodules were initially excised to control symptoms; however, since the excision, the nodules have recurred twice in the absence of other RA symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Female , Foot , Humans , Joint Diseases , Rheumatoid Factor , Rheumatoid Nodule , Synovitis , Walking
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154359

ABSTRACT

Megalocytic interstitial nephritis is a rare form of kidney disease caused by chronic inflammation. We report a case of megalocytic interstitial nephritis occurring in a 45-yrold woman who presented with oliguric acute kidney injury and acute pyelonephritis accompanied by Escherichia coli bacteremia. Her renal function was not recovered despite adequate duration of susceptible antibiotic treatment, accompanied by negative conversion of bacteremia and bacteriuria. Kidney biopsy revealed an infiltration of numerous histiocytes without Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. The patient's renal function was markedly improved after short-term treatment with high-dose steroid.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/drug therapy , Cefotaxime/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Kidney/pathology , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Nephritis, Interstitial/drug therapy , Pyelonephritis/complications , Renal Dialysis , Shock, Septic/drug therapy
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