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1.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 31-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968862

ABSTRACT

Endovascular repair of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) using a stent graft is suitable for patients with favorable anatomy. In the domestic situation where Gore Medical withdrew, we report two cases of unusual complications of pseudoaneurysm after endovascular repair of PAA. A 44-year-old male with a history of bypass surgery for a PAA presented with recurrent vein graft pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular treatment using a domestic stent graft was performed. However, pseudoaneurysm developed due to the graft fabric tear 1 month later, requiring surgical removal. In another case, an 84-year-old female presented with acute limb ischemia related to PAA. Endovascular aneurysm repair with the same domestic stent graft was performed. However, stent graft failure occurred 2 years later and the patient underwent open surgical repair. There was a graft fabric disintegration. When proper endovascular device is not available, open surgical treatment is the best option for treating PAA.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 568-576, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902396

ABSTRACT

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are direct communications between primitive reticular networks of dysplastic vessels that have failed to mature into capillary vessels. Based on angiographic findings, peripheral AVMs can be classified into six types: type I, type IIa, type IIb, type IIc, type IIIa, and type IIIb. Treatment strategies vary with the types. Type I is treated by embolizing the fistula between the artery and the vein with coils. Type II (IIa, IIb, and IIc) AVM is treated as follows:first, reduce the blood flow velocity in the venous segment of the AVM with coils; second, perform ethanol embolotherapy of the residual shunts. Type IIIa is treated by transarterial catheterization of the feeding arteries and injection of diluted ethanol. Type IIIb is treated by transarterial or direct puncture approaches. A high concentration of ethanol is injected through the transarterial catheter or direct puncture needle. When the fistula is large, coil insertion is required to reduce the amount of ethanol. Type I and type II AVMs showed the best clinical results; type IIIb showed a satisfactory response rate. However, type IIIa showed the poorest response rate, either alone or in combination with other types. Clinical success can be achieved by using different treatment strategies for different angiographic AVM types.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 568-576, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894692

ABSTRACT

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are direct communications between primitive reticular networks of dysplastic vessels that have failed to mature into capillary vessels. Based on angiographic findings, peripheral AVMs can be classified into six types: type I, type IIa, type IIb, type IIc, type IIIa, and type IIIb. Treatment strategies vary with the types. Type I is treated by embolizing the fistula between the artery and the vein with coils. Type II (IIa, IIb, and IIc) AVM is treated as follows:first, reduce the blood flow velocity in the venous segment of the AVM with coils; second, perform ethanol embolotherapy of the residual shunts. Type IIIa is treated by transarterial catheterization of the feeding arteries and injection of diluted ethanol. Type IIIb is treated by transarterial or direct puncture approaches. A high concentration of ethanol is injected through the transarterial catheter or direct puncture needle. When the fistula is large, coil insertion is required to reduce the amount of ethanol. Type I and type II AVMs showed the best clinical results; type IIIb showed a satisfactory response rate. However, type IIIa showed the poorest response rate, either alone or in combination with other types. Clinical success can be achieved by using different treatment strategies for different angiographic AVM types.

4.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 336-346, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759007

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous randomized controlled trials of revascularization for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) were not successful. We investigated the effects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent insertion (PTA/S) on kidney function and blood pressure (BP) control in patients with ARAS. METHODS: From 2000 to 2017, 47 subjects who underwent PTA/S for ARAS were identified. A high-risk group was defined, composed of patients having one or more of the following clinical presentations: pulmonary edema, refractory hypertension, and rapid deterioration of kidney function. Subjects who met the criteria of ‘kidney function improvement’ or ‘hypertension improvement’ after PTA/S were classified as responders. RESULTS: Twenty-one (44.7%) subjects were classified into the high-risk group. Two subjects (8.0%) in the low-risk group (n = 25) and 5 subjects (27.8%) in the high-risk group (n = 18) showed improvement in kidney function after PTA/S (P = 0.110). In patients with rapid decline of kidney function, estimated glomerular filtration rate improved from 28 (interquartile range [IQR], 10–45) mL/min/1.73 m² to 41 (IQR, 16–67) mL/min/1.73 m² at 4 months after PTA/S, although the difference was not significant (P = 0.084). Regarding BP control, 9 (36.0%) and 14 (77.8%) subjects showed improvement after PTA/S in the low- (n = 25) and high-risk (n = 18) groups, respectively (P = 0.007). In patients with refractory hypertension, the systolic BP dropped from 157 (IQR, 150–164) mmHg to 140 (IQR, 131–148) mmHg at 4 months after PTA/S (P = 0.005). Twenty-five subjects were defined as responders and comprised a significant proportion of the high-risk group (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: PTA/S might improve BP control and kidney function in patients with ARAS presenting with high-risk clinical features. The optimal application of PTA/S should be based on individual assessment of the clinical significance of renal artery stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioplasty , Blood Pressure , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hypertension , Kidney , Pulmonary Edema , Renal Artery Obstruction , Renal Artery , Stents
5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 237-249, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739588

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have analyzed the short-term clinical outcomes of ndovascular management. However, the long-term outcomes are unknown. This study aimed to investigate clinical outcomes after endovascular management for ruptured pseudoaneurysm in patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: The medical records of 2,783 patients who underwent PD were retrospectively reviewed at a single center. Of 62 patients who received intervention after pseudonaeurysm rupture, 57 patients (91.9%) experienced eventual success of hemostasis. The patients were composed as follows: (embolization only [EMB], n = 30), (stent-graft placement only [STENT], n = 19) and (both embolization and stent-graft placement simultaneously or different times [EMB + STENT], n = 8). Long-term complications were defined as events that occur more than 30 days after the last successful endovascular treatment. RESULTS: Among 57 patients, short-term stent-graft related complications developed in 3 patients (5.3%) and clinical complication developed in 18 patients (31.5%). Nine (15.8%) had long-term stent-graft related complications, which involved partial thrombosis in 5 cases, occlusion in 3 cases and migration in 1 case. Except for 1 death, the remaining 8 cases did not experience clinical complications. The stent graft primary patency rate was 88.9% after 1 month, 84.2% after 1 year, and 63.2% after 2 years. Of 57 patients, 30 days mortality occurred in 8 patients (14.0%). CONCLUSION: After recovery from initial complication, most of patients did not experience fatal clinical complication during long-term follow-up. Endovascular management is an effective and safe management of pseudoaneurysm rupture after PD in terms of long-term safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, False , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Embolization, Therapeutic , Follow-Up Studies , Hemostasis , Medical Records , Mortality , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Stents , Thrombosis
6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 333-339, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719202

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the long-term effects of stenting in patients with hepatic venous outflow obstruction (HVOO), who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2009, 622 adult patients underwent LDLT at our hospital, and of these patients, 21 (3.3%) were diagnosed with HVOO; among these patients, 17 underwent stenting. The patients were divided into early or late groups according to the time of their HVOO diagnoses (cutoff: 60 days after liver transplantation). RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 54.2 months (range, 0.5–192.4 months). Stent insertion was successful in 8 of 10 patients in the early group and 6 of 7 in the late group. The 5-year primary patency rates were 46% and 20%, respectively. In both groups, patients with recurrent HVOO at the beginning showed kinking confirmed by venography. Patients who carried their stents for more than 3 years maintained long-term patency. There was no significant difference in spleen size between groups; however, when the groups were compared according to whether they maintained patency, spleens tended to be smaller in the patency-maintained group. CONCLUSION: Unlike stenosis, if kinking is confirmed on venography, stenting is not feasible in the long term for patients with LDLT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatic Veins , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Living Donors , Phlebography , Spleen , Stents
7.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 55-58, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84518

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Femorofemoral crossover bypass (FCB) is a good procedure for patients with unilateral iliac artery disease. There are many articles about the results of FCB, but most of them were limited to 5 years follow-up. The purpose of our study was to analysis the results of FCB with a 10-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2010, 133 patients were operated in Samsung Medical Center (median follow-up: 58.8 months). We retrospectively analysed patient characteristics, the preoperative treatment, the operative procedure, and material used. RESULTS: The indications for FCB were claudication in 110 and critical limb ischemia in 23 patients. Three patients were died due to myocardiac infarction, intracranial hemorrhage, and acute respiratory failure within 30 days after surgery. The one-year primary and secondary patency rates were 89% and 97%, the 5-year primary and secondary patency rates were 70% and 85%, and the 10-year primary and secondary patency rates were 31% and 67%. The 5-year and 10-year limb salvage rates were 97% and 95%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our long term analysis suggests that FCB might be a valuable alternative treatment modality in patients with unilateral iliac artery disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Iliac Artery , Infarction , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Ischemia , Limb Salvage , Respiratory Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Transplants , Vascular Patency
8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 42-46, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52104

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Directional atherectomy (DA) was introduced for the management of infrainguinal arterial stenosis or occlusive lesions. The procedure success rate in the DEFINITIVE LE study was determined using radiologic imaging. The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography (USG) during DA for evaluating the early results of this procedure. METHODS: Patients who underwent DA from January to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty lesions from 14 patients with femoral artery stenosis (>70% stenosis) with short segment occlusive lesions (<2 cm in length) were treated. Among 20 lesions, 3 were treated with the TurboHawk system with a protective device due to lesion calcification. The percentage of stenosis during and after DA was determined with USG. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 5.1 months, and the procedural success rate (<30% stenosis at the end of the procedure) was 100% on angiography, but only 30% on intraoperative USG. On USG, median residual stenosis was 40% (range, 28%–42%) at the end of DA, 40% (range, 30%–55%) at 1 month, 55% (range, 35%–85%) at 6 months, and 64% (range, 60%–100%) at 1 year. There was one dissection, but no cases of perforation, pseudoaneurysm, or thrombosis. Primary patency, which was defined as a peak systolic velocity ratio ≤3.5 with no reintervention at 6 months, was found in 18 lesions (90%), and 11 of 14 patients (78.6%) were free of ischemic symptoms such as claudication at 6 months. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that DA with intraoperative USG is an effective treatment option for short segment occlusive lesions of the femoral artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Atherectomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Femoral Artery , Follow-Up Studies , Protective Devices , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Ultrasonography
9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 828-834, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe portal stenting for postoperative portal occlusion with delayed (≥ 3 months) variceal bleeding in the afferent jejunal loop. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients (age range, 2–79 years; eight men and three women) who underwent portal stenting between April 2009 and December 2015 were included in the study. Preoperative medical history and the postoperative clinical course were reviewed. Characteristics of portal occlusion and details of procedures were also investigated. Technical success, treatment efficacy (defined as disappearance of jejunal varix on follow-up CT), and clinical success were analyzed. Primary stent patency rate was plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: All patients underwent hepatobiliary-pancreatic cancer surgery except two children with liver transplantation for biliary atresia. Portal occlusion was caused by benign postoperative change (n = 6) and local tumor recurrence (n = 5). Variceal bleeding occurred at 27 months (4 to 72 months) and portal stenting was performed at 37 months (4 to 121 months), on average, postoperatively. Technical success, treatment efficacy, and clinical success rates were 90.9, 100, and 81.8%, respectively. The primary patency rate of portal stent was 88.9% during the mean follow-up period of 9 months. Neither procedure-related complication nor mortality occurred. CONCLUSION: Interventional portal stenting is an effective treatment for delayed jejunal variceal bleeding due to portal occlusion after hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Biliary Atresia , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Liver Transplantation , Methods , Mortality , Portal Vein , Recurrence , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Varicose Veins
10.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 232-235, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62413

ABSTRACT

Cone beam CT, usually used in dental area, could easily obtain 3-dimensional images using cone beam shaped ionized radiation. Cone beam CT is very useful for direct percutaneous sac injection (DPSI) which needs very precise measurement to avoid puncture of inferior vena cava or vessel around sac or stent graft. Here we describe two cases of DPSI using cone beam CT. In case 1, a 79-year-old male had widening of preexisted type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, transarterial embolization failed due to tortuous collateral branches of lumbar arteries. In case 2, a 72-year-old female had symptomatic sac enlargement by type II endoleak after EVAR. However, there was no route to approach the lumbar arteries. Therefore, we performed DPSI assisted by cone beam CT in cases 1, 2. Six-month CT follow-up revealed no sign of sac enlargement by type II endoleak.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Aneurysm , Arteries , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoleak , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Punctures , Vena Cava, Inferior
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 696-722, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189927

ABSTRACT

Peripheral arterial occlusive disease caused by atherosclerosis can present with intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia. Proper diagnosis and management is warranted to improve symptoms and salvage limbs. With the introduction of new techniques and dedicated materials, endovascular recanalization is widely performed for the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease because it is less invasive than surgery. However, there are various opinions regarding the appropriate indications and procedure methods for interventional recanalization according to operator and institution in Korea. Therefore, we intend to provide evidence based guidelines for interventional recanalization by multidisciplinary consensus. These guidelines are the result of a close collaboration between physicians from many different areas of expertise including interventional radiology, interventional cardiology, and vascular surgery. The goal of these guidelines is to ensure better treatment, to serve as a guide to the clinician, and consequently, to contribute to public health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Arteries/pathology , Endovascular Procedures/standards , Intermittent Claudication/diagnostic imaging , Limb Salvage/methods , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Republic of Korea
12.
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 354-357, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103186

ABSTRACT

Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) injuries remain a challenge to most trauma surgeons and continue to result in significant mortality despite aggressive management. We report successful management of a proximal SMA injury through endovascular treatment in a 56-year-old man. The patient presented with hypotension due to a stab wound after the epigastrium. He underwent emergency laparotomy and repair of the penetrated wall of the stomach. Right retroperitoneal hematoma at the initial laparotomy expanded and ruptured, requiring a massive transfusion. At the second laparotomy, we performed lateral arteriorrhaphy of the proximal SMA. Follow-up abdominal computed tomography angiography on post-injury day 7 showed a pseudoaneurysm on the left side of the SMA trunk. The patient was treated successfully with an endovascular stent graft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Emergencies , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hypotension , Laparotomy , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mortality , Stomach , Wounds, Stab
13.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 354-357, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770893

ABSTRACT

Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) injuries remain a challenge to most trauma surgeons and continue to result in significant mortality despite aggressive management. We report successful management of a proximal SMA injury through endovascular treatment in a 56-year-old man. The patient presented with hypotension due to a stab wound after the epigastrium. He underwent emergency laparotomy and repair of the penetrated wall of the stomach. Right retroperitoneal hematoma at the initial laparotomy expanded and ruptured, requiring a massive transfusion. At the second laparotomy, we performed lateral arteriorrhaphy of the proximal SMA. Follow-up abdominal computed tomography angiography on post-injury day 7 showed a pseudoaneurysm on the left side of the SMA trunk. The patient was treated successfully with an endovascular stent graft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Emergencies , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hypotension , Laparotomy , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mortality , Stomach , Wounds, Stab
14.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 37-44, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Half of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) are ineligible for revascularization at diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and feasibility of intramuscular human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hUCB-MSC) therapy in patients with CLI due to atherosclerosis obliterans (ASO) or thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of eight patients (all male, median age 52 years, range 31~77) with CLI were enrolled in this phase I trial. All patients were considered ineligible for further revascularization to improve CLI. We injected 1x10(7) hUCB-MSCs per single dose intramuscularly into the affected limb. The primary end points of safety were occurrence of adverse events (procedure-related complication, allergic reaction to hUCB-MSCs, graft-versus-host disease, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events) and improvement of symptoms/clinical parameters (healing of foot ulcer, ankle-brachial index, and pain-free walking distance). Angiogenesis was measured with conventional angiography and scored by an independent reviewer. There were four adverse events in three patients. One patient, developed whole body urticaria after injection on treatment day, which disappeared after one day of antihistamine treatment. The other adverse events included diarrhea, oral ulceration, and elevation of serum creatinine level; all conditions improved without treatment. Abnormal results of laboratory parameters were not detected in any patients. Three of four ulcerations (75%) healed completely. Angiographic scores increased in three of eight patients. CONCLUSIONS: This phase I study demonstrates that intramuscular hUCB-MSC injection is a safe and well tolerated treatment for patients with end-stage CLI due to ASO and TAO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angiography , Ankle Brachial Index , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Atherosclerosis , Creatinine , Diarrhea , Extremities , Fetal Blood , Foot Ulcer , Graft vs Host Disease , Hypersensitivity , Ischemia , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oral Ulcer , Oxalates , Stem Cells , Thromboangiitis Obliterans , Troleandomycin , Ulcer , Umbilical Cord , Urticaria , Walking
15.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 195-199, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50632

ABSTRACT

We report a hybrid surgery including endovascular aneurysm repair and debranching procedures to treat a patient with a complex right subclavian artery aneurysm. The patient was a 70-year-old woman who presented with dry cough and hoarseness. The aneurysm was characterized by the absence of a proximal neck, and involvement of the origin of the right vertebral artery. She underwent carotid-vertebral artery bypass, stent graft from the innomiate artery to the common carotid artery and carotid-axillary artery bypass. Great saphenous vein was used for the carotid-vertebral artery bypass and 7 mm reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used for the carotid-axillary artery bypass. The postoperative course was uneventful.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Aneurysm , Arteries , Carotid Artery, Common , Chimera , Cough , Hoarseness , Neck , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Saphenous Vein , Stents , Subclavian Artery , Transplants , Vertebral Artery
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 366-368, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224441

ABSTRACT

The incidence of peri-stent graft infection (PGI) following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is low, but the associated mortality rates are extremely high. The diagnosis of this complication can be difficult due to nonspecific symptoms. Here, we report a case of PGI combined with an aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF) diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging after TEVAR. A 50-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus and chronic hemodialysis had received a stent graft for a contained rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. Three months after stent-grafting, she experienced back pain. CT and PET imaging suggested a PGI. The patient underwent surgical treatment for PGI with AEF.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False , Aorta, Thoracic , Back Pain , Diabetes Mellitus , Esophageal Fistula , Fistula , Incidence , Lymphokines , Positron-Emission Tomography , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Renal Dialysis , Rupture , Stents , Transplants
17.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 365-369, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207560

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Most outcome studies of bypass surgery are limited to five years of follow-up. However, as human life expectancy has increased, analyses of more long-term outcomes are needed. The aim of this study is to evaluate 10-year outcomes of anatomical bypasses in aortoiliac occlusive disease. METHODS: From 1996 to 2009, 92 patients (82 males and 10 females) underwent aortic anatomical bypasses to treat aortoiliac occlusive disease at Samsung Medical Center. The patients were reviewed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed using PASW ver. 18.0 (IBM Co). RESULTS: A total of 72 patients (78.3%) underwent aorto-femoral bypasses (uni- or bi-femoral), 15 patients (16.3%) underwent aorto-iliac bypasses (uni- or bi-iliac), and 5 patients (5.4%) underwent aorto-iliac and aorto-femoral bypasses. The overall primary patency rates of the 92 patients were 86.2% over 5 years and 77.6% over 10 years. The 10-year limb salvage rate and overall survival rate were 97.7% and 91.7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The overall patency rates of bypass graft and limb salvage rates decreased as time passed. The analysis of results after bypass surgery to treat arterial occlusive disease will be needed to extend for 10 years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Follow-Up Studies , Leriche Syndrome , Life Expectancy , Limb Salvage , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Transplants
18.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : S78-S82, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36748

ABSTRACT

An aortoesophageal fistula is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The standard treatment of an aortoesophageal fistula is surgical, because conservative management results in very high mortality. Nevertheless, the mortality related to the surgical treatment ranges from 30 to 60%. Recently, endovascular stent grafting has become an alternative to open surgery in selected patients. We report an aortoesophageal fistula treated with endovascular stent grafting in an 84-year-old female with hematemesis and abdominal pain. Endoscopy showed a 5-cm pulsating esophageal mass with central ulceration and bleeding. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a descending thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm. Being at high risk in open thoracic surgery, she underwent endovascular stenting. We suggest that endovascular stent grafting is an alternative treatment of aortoesophageal fistula, instead of open surgery, in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Abdomen , Abdominal Pain , Aneurysm, False , Endoscopy , Fistula , Hematemesis , Hemorrhage , Stents , Thoracic Surgery , Transplants , Ulcer
19.
Journal of the Korean Society for Vascular Surgery ; : 19-22, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165163

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the prevalence of cystic disease in the intra-abdominal organs in a normal population and a group of patients with vascular disease. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and computed tomography scans of the vascular disease group and the control group. Vascular disease group (n=586) were patients who suffered with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), aorto-iliac occlusive disease (AOD) and peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and who were treated in our institute. The control group (n=424) were patients who visited the health promotion center in our institute during the same period. RESULTS: The prevalence of abdominal cysts in the control group and the vascular disease group was 41.7% and 65.2%, respectively. The vascular disease group showed a higher prevalence of abdominal cystic lesion for all the specific vascular diseases. However, when the two groups were stratified according to age, the vascular disease group displayed no significant difference in the prevalence of abdominal cyst compared to that of the control group. CONCLUSION: Abdominal cystic lesions are common in patients with vascular disease, including AAA, AOD, and PAOD. But this high prevalence of abdominal cystic lesions seems to be associated with the advanced age of vascular disease patients. Further molecular-based research is needed to clarify the pathogenetic relationship between vascular disease and abdominal cystic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Health Promotion , Medical Records , Prevalence , Vascular Diseases
20.
Journal of the Korean Society for Vascular Surgery ; : 162-167, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726648

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has shown excellent early outcomes. However, long-term durability continues to be questioned because of endoleaks. The optimal management of type II endoleaks remains controversial because little is known about their long-term natural history. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the natural history of type II endoleaks and to study factors associated with persistent type II endoleaks. METHODS: On a retrospective basis, we analyzed 98 patients who underwent EVAR for incidence and outcome of type II endoleaks. Patients with type II endoleaks were evaluated using computed tomography angiography or Duplex scans at one, 6 and 12 months after their EVAR, and annually thereafter to evaluate both the persistence of the endoleak and the size of the aneurysm sac. RESULTS: Type II endoleaks were detected during the follow-up periods in 38 patients (39.8%), who underwent EVAR (mean follow-up: 23.7 months). Spontaneous sealing of type II endoleaks by 6 months after EVAR occurred in 15 patients (39.4%), meaning that there were 23 patients (60.6%) whose leaks were ongoing for more than 6 months. Four patients were treated using embolization because of an enlarging aneurysm sac. CONCLUSION: Most type II endoleaks are transient and do not require intervention. However, particularly persistent endoleaks could lead to aneurysm enlargement and to delayed aortic rupture. We did not find a significant difference in any number of preoperative patient factors between patients with transient, persistent, or no type II endoleaks. Further studies based on independent data sets are needed to validate these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Angiography , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Aortic Rupture , Endoleak , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Natural History , Retrospective Studies
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