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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 620-628, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000363

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) response score (URS) was developed to identify poor responders to UDCA before treatment, in order to offer timely and proactive intervention. However, validation of the URS in Asian population is warranted. @*Methods@#A total of 173 Asian patients diagnosed with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) between 2007 and 2016 at seven academic institutions in Korea who started UDCA treatment were analyzed to validate the performance of URS. UDCA response was defined as an alkaline phosphatase level less than 1.67 times the upper limit of normal after 1-year of UDCA treatment. In addition, prognostic performance of URS for liver-related events, defined as newly developed hepatic decompensation or hepatocellular carcinoma was evaluated. @*Results@#After 1 year of UDCA treatment, 133 patients (76.9%) achieved UDCA response. UDCAresponse rate was 98.7% for those with URS ≥1.41 (n=76) and 58.8% for those with URS <1.41(n=97). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of URS in predicting UDCAresponse was 0.84 (95% confidence interval, 0.78 to 0.88). During a median follow-up of 6.5years, liver-related events developed in 18 patients (10.4%). Among 117 patients with PBC stage I-III by histological evaluation, the 5-year liver-related event-free survival rate differed accordingto the URS; 100% for URS ≥1.41 and 86.5% for URS <1.41 (p=0.005). @*Conclusions@#URS demonstrated good performance in predicting a UDCA treatment response in Asian PBC patients. In addition, the risk of liver-related events differed according to the URS for the PBC stage. Thus, URS can be used to predict the response and clinical outcome in patients with PBC.

2.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 418-425, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000310

ABSTRACT

Background@#Fatty liver is associated with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We aimed to evaluate whether the severity of hepatic steatosis is associated with incident diabetes. @*Methods@#We conducted a longitudinal analysis using data from 1,798 participants who underwent a comprehensive health checkup and abdominal computed tomography (CT). We assessed the association between baseline liver attenuation value on non-contrast CT images and risk of incident diabetes. All the participants were categorized into three groups based on the baseline liver attenuation value on non-contrast CT images: without hepatic steatosis (>57 Hounsfield unit [HU]), mild hepatic steatosis (41–57 HU), and moderate to severe hepatic steatosis (≤40 HU). @*Results@#During a median follow-up period of 5 years, 6.0% of the study participants progressed to diabetes. The incidence of diabetes was 17.3% in the moderate to severe hepatic steatosis group, 9.0% in the mild steatosis group, and 2.9% in those without hepatic steatosis. In a multivariate adjustment model, as compared with participants without hepatic steatosis, those with moderate to severe steatosis had a hazard ratio (HR) of 3.24 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64 to 4.2) for the development of diabetes, and those in the mild steatosis group had a HR of 2.33 (95% CI, 1.42 to 3.80). One standard deviation decrease in mean CT attenuation values of the liver was associated with a 40% increase in the development of diabetes (multivariate adjusted HR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.2 to 1.63). @*Conclusion@#We found a positive association between severity of hepatic steatosis and risk of incident diabetes. Greater severity of steatosis was associated with a higher risk of incident diabetes.

3.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 443-454, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914830

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has been associated with worse prognosis, and biomarkers are needed to identify high-risk patients who may benefit from clinical trials or escalated treatment after completion of standard treatment. We aimed to assess whether the post-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can reflect patient prognosis and determine the follow-up period that can provide the most feasible data. @*Methods@#In this retrospective analysis involving patients with TNBC, clinicopathological data, including those on peripheral complete blood cell count, were collected. The prognostic powers of serial NLRs obtained at baseline and after treatment completion were compared. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to compare the overall survival (OS) and distant disease-free survival (DDFS). @*Results@#In total, 210 patients were enrolled. Forty-three (20.5%) events were detected. Twothirds of the events (29/43) were related to breast cancer. Most recurrent breast cancer-related diseases (27/29) were detected within 5 years of the initial diagnosis. In contrast, half of the events due to secondary malignancies or non-breast-related diseases (7/14) occurred 5 years after the initial diagnosis. Comparison of the prognostic performance of NLRs at baseline and at 6, 12, and 24 months after treatment completion revealed the strongest prognostic performance at 6 months after treatment completion (area under the curve = 0.745). The high NLR group (NLR >2.47) showed worse OS (p = 0.006) and DDFS (p < 0.001) than low NLR group. @*Conclusion@#Elevated post-treatment NLR was significantly associated with worse survival in patients with TNBC. We believe that it can be a useful surrogate marker for identifying highrisk patients with TNBC.

4.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 316-323, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830183

ABSTRACT

Increased intestinal permeability, termed leaky gut syndrome (LGS), plays an important role in health and disease. LGS creates gaps in the intestinal walls that allow harmful bacteria and toxic substances to enter the bloodstream. Several researchers have found significant evidence to support the existence of a leaky gut. Emerging evidence also indicates that leaky gut contributes to a range of health conditions. LGS is closely associated with autoimmune diseases, liver conditions, diabetes, food allergies/hypersensitivity, irritable bowel syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, and autism. Therefore, LGS should be considered as a factor in the pathophysiology and differential diagnosis of patients presenting with autoimmune diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, liver cirrhosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, diabetes, autism, food allergies, and food hypersensitivity. However, since there has not yet been a large-scale study regarding the causality between LGS and these diseases, further research is required to determine if LGS plays a pathogenic role in the progression and development of these diseases or whether these diseases lead to LGS. The 5R program, which includes non-absorbing antibiotic use, probiotic supplementation, exercising regularly, and certain dietary and lifestyle changes, may help restore impaired intestinal permeability.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 793-797, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916741

ABSTRACT

Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) is a rare tumor of the gastrointestinal tract that has both exocrine and neuroendocrine components. There are only 5 case reports about this combined tumor in the small bowel, arose in a background of long-standing Crohn's disease. Here, we report a case of small bowel MANEC in a 54-year-old male with Crohn's disease, who presented a heterogeneous enhancing, asymmetric small bowel wall thickening with small bowel obstruction and had a difficulty in differential diagnosis before surgery.

6.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 258-266, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Fatty liver is associated with insulin resistance-related diseases, such as dyslipidemia, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of dyslipidemia with fatty liver and assess the differences in these associations according to the degree of hepatic steatosis. METHODS: A total of 2,462 subjects (1,679 men and 783 women) who underwent a comprehensive health check-up (including abdominal computed tomography) from January 2010 to December 2013 were enrolled at Samsung Changwon Hospital Healthcare Center. The liver attenuation index (LAI), defined as the difference between mean hepatic and splenic attenuation, was used to assess the degree of hepatic steatosis. An LAI below 5 Hounsfield units was defined as fatty liver. RESULTS: We found that 32.2% of the study subjects had fatty liver. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG), and fasting blood glucose concentrations and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c percentage) were significant greater in the fatty liver group compared with the non-fatty liver group, while serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly lower in the fatty liver group. Subjects with fatty liver had 1.7-fold greater risk of dyslipidemia than those without fatty liver after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and HbA1c. When individuals with fatty liver were analyzed by tertiles of LAI values, LDL-C, TG, fasting glucose, BMI, and HbA1c concentrations increased while HDL-C decreased with decreasing LAI tertiles. Compared with LAI tertile 3, the risk for dyslipidemia significantly increased with adjusted odds ratios of 1.42, and 1.81 in tertiles 2 and 1, respectively. CONCLUSION: Fatty liver was significantly associated with dyslipidemia and this association varied according to the degree of hepatic steatosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol , Delivery of Health Care , Dyslipidemias , Fasting , Fatty Liver , Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin , Insulin , Korea , Lipoproteins , Liver , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Triglycerides
7.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 311-314, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916625

ABSTRACT

Cavernous hemangioma of the breast is a rare benign vascular tumor. It is usually diagnosed as non-palpable mass during imaging examination, incidentally. Common sonographic finding of the breast hemangioma is a superficially located, oval shape, circumscribed margin mass. But the appearance of breast hemangioma is variable and it can be difficult to diagnose in preoperatively. Here, we report a 68-year-old female case with palpable breast mass and increased size on follow up ultrasonography.

8.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 270-275, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some studies have provided evidence for a possible association between vitamin D and testosterone levels; however, the evidence from studies in Koreans is inconsistent. In addition, insufficient evidence is available to support an association between seasonal variations in vitamin D and testosterone levels in Koreans. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between vitamin D and testosterone levels, and between seasonal variations in these levels in Korean men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,559 men, aged 25–86 years, who underwent a medical examination. We measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and total testosterone levels, and compared other laboratory test results and patient lifestyle characteristics. On the basis of sample collection time, we categorized patients into four seasons, and analyzed seasonal variability in 25(OH)D and total testosterone levels. RESULTS: The average participant age (±standard deviation) was 53.3±8.8 years, and the average serum 25(OH)D and total testosterone levels were 15.9±7.0 ng/mL and 5.1±1.6 ng/mL, respectively. In the analysis of variance (ANOVA) model, no significant association was found between 25(OH)D and testosterone levels (P=0.51). ANOVA of the average 25(OH)D levels in season-based groups revealed significant seasonal variations in 25(OH)D levels (P-value for trend <0.001). No significant association was found between seasonal variations in total testosterone levels (P=0.06). However, after adjustment for confounding variables, total testosterone and 25(OH)D showed significant seasonal variability (P=0.007 and P<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found no significant correlation between serum 25(OH)D and total testosterone levels in Korean men. Moreover, serum 25(OH)D and total testosterone levels showed significant seasonal variations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , Life Style , Seasons , Testosterone , Vitamin D , Vitamins
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 129-134, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Fatigue is a common symptom both in diseases status and in healthy subjects. Various supplements and nutraceuticals for relieving of fatigue have been used. However, there are a few studies to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of the drug for fatigue alleviation, we conducted using URSA Complex to evaluate the efficacy on physical fatigue via score changes in the checklist individual strength (CIS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was designed as a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, with subjects randomized to one of the two arms, receiving either placebo or URSA Complex administered as identical capsules. The primary efficacy endpoints of this clinical trials are the ratio of improving CIS scores < 76 points in patients at the end (4 weeks). Secondary efficacy variables are as follows one is an improvement of fatigue and the other is an improvement of the liver enzyme.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fatigue recovery rate in who had improved CIS scores of < 76 points were 70.0%, 50.9% in the therapy group and placebo group, respectively (P = 0.019). The fatigue recovery rate in CIS score was higher in URSA Complex therapy group than placebo group. The difference between therapy group and placebo group was statistically significant at 4 weeks later, but not 2 weeks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results provided that the URSA Complex was effective in alleviating physical fatigue. The adverse event frequency in the therapy groups was similar to that in the placebo group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Double-Blind Method , Fatigue , Drug Therapy , Inositol , Therapeutic Uses , Panax , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Taurine , Therapeutic Uses , Thiamine , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Therapeutic Uses
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1038-1041, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194119

ABSTRACT

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is related with energy expenditure, in contrary to fat-storing white adipose tissue. Recent studies have shown that cold exposure could be related with the expression of BAT in adult subjects assessed by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). In addition, the application in previous clinical trials showed positive effect of xanthigen containing fucoxanthin and punicic acid on body weight and liver fat content. In this short-term intervention study, we evaluated the effect of xanthigen on the expression of BAT by 18F-FDG PET. Two healthy obese premenopausal women were enrolled and xanthigen 600 mg (2 capsules including fucoxanthin 3 mg, punicic acid 174 mg) was given for 3 months without dietary and exercise intervention. Body composition and dietary intake were assessed monthly. Laboratory test and 18F-FDG PET were performed before and after intervention. After intervention, there was neither weight reduction nor remarkable laboratory change. However, BAT, assessed by 18F-FDG PET, was detected in both cervical, supraclavicular and paravertebral space in one subject, even though her body weight showed mild increase. This result suggested that xanthigen can induce BAT in a healthy adult. However, a further large well-controlled study is needed.

11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 146-152, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have revealed close relationships between hepatic injury, metabolic pathways, and gut microbiota. The microorganisms in the intestine also cause irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to examine whether IBS was associated with elevated hepatic enzyme [alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)], gamma-glutamyl transferase (gamma-GT) levels, and metabolic syndrome (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, case-control study. The case and control groups comprised subjects who visited our health promotion center for general check-ups from June 2010 to December 2010. Of the 1127 initially screened subjects, 83 had IBS according to the Rome III criteria. The control group consisted of 260 age- and sex-matched subjects without IBS who visited our health promotion center during the same period. RESULTS: Compared to control subjects, patients with IBS showed significantly higher values of anthropometric parameters (body mass index, waist circumference), liver enzymes, gamma-GT, and lipid levels. The prevalences of elevated ALT (16.9% vs. 7.7%; p=0.015) and gamma-GT (24.1% vs. 11.5%; p=0.037) levels were significantly higher in patients with IBS than in control subjects. A statistically significant difference was observed in the prevalence of MS between controls and IBS patients (12.7% vs. 32.5%; p<0.001). The relationships between elevated ALT levels, MS, and IBS remained statistically significant after controlling for potential confounding factors. CONCLUSION: On the basis of our study results, IBS may be an important condition in certain patients with elevated ALT levels and MS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Liver/metabolism , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Obesity/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Waist Circumference , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis
12.
Keimyung Medical Journal ; : 79-84, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121462

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis of thyroid gland is rare. We experienced a case of tuberculosis of the thyroid gland with contralateral lymph node enlargement in a 45-year-old female patient. She had no clinical respiratory symptom and no weight change. Thyroid sonography demonstrated 5.4 × 3.8 mm sized round low echogenic mass on lower pole of left thyroid gland and right cervical lymph node enlargement. Core needle biopsy of thyroid showed epithelioid chronic granuloma in the caseous necrosis. She was administrered anti-tuberculosis therapy for 24 weeks. After medication, thyroid sonographic finding improved and thyroid mass and right cervical lymph node enlargement disappeared.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Diagnosis , Granuloma , Lymph Nodes , Necrosis , Thyroid Gland , Tuberculosis , Ultrasonography
13.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 174-179, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125493

ABSTRACT

Sarcomatoid transformation of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is rarely found but usually has very poor prognosis due to the lack of effective approaches for early detection and its aggressive nature. We report a case of this tumor type, in a 60-year-old man who was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of screening-detected, asymptomatic hepatic lesion. Clinical diagnosis was elusive despite performance of different imaging modalities and a transcutaneous liver biopsy. Pathology of the surgically resected tumor demonstrated intrahepatic sarcomatoid cholangiocarcinoma. In our case, tumor cells expressed strong immunoreactivity to both cytokeratin-19 and vimentin. We assume the relatively good prognosis of this patient would be expected because surgery played a critical role at an early stage of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Cholangiocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Keratin-19 , Keratins , Liver Abscess , Liver , Pathology , Prognosis , Vimentin
14.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 158-161, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26222

ABSTRACT

Foreign bodies usually do not cause complications and pass through the gastrointestinal tract spontaneously. Usually endoscopic intervention is recommended within 24 hours. Cases of acute appendicitis caused by foreign bodies are very rare. In our case, we experienced successful endoscopic and surgical treatment of a patient with ingestion of razor blade and some unrecognizable foreign bodies. A 22-year-old soldier was admitted with a small quantity of hematemesis and epigastric pain. We performed emergent endoscopy and successfully removed several foreign bodies. After 17 days, we performed appendectomy to remove the remaining foreign body and to relieve the symptoms. There is no doubt that endoscopic intervention is definitely useful method to remove foreign bodies. If there is no spontaneous drainage of the foreign body from the appendix, an appendectomy must be considered to remove the foreign body and prevent surgical complications such as appendicitis, periappendiceal abscess, and perforation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Appendix , Drainage , Eating , Endoscopy , Foreign Bodies , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hematemesis , Military Personnel
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 791-799, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67324

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Controversy remains over the optimal approach to preoperative biliary drainage in patients with resectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. We compared the clinical outcomes of endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) with those of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients undergoing preoperative biliary drainage for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: A total of 106 consecutive patients who underwent biliary drainage before surgical treatment were divided into two groups: the PTBD group (n=62) and the EBD group (n=44). RESULTS: Successful drainage on the first attempt was achieved in 36 of 62 patients (58.1%) with PTBD, and in 25 of 44 patients (56.8%) with EBD. There were no significant differences in predrainage patient demographics and decompression periods between the two groups. Procedure-related complications, especially cholangitis and pancreatitis, were significantly more frequent in the EBD group than the PTBD group (PTBD vs EBD: 22.6% vs 54.5%, p<0.001). Two patients (3.8%) in the PTBD group experienced catheter tract implantation metastasis after curative resection during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: EBD was associated with a higher risk of procedure-related complications than PTBD. These complications were managed properly without severe morbidity; however, in the PTBD group, there were two cases of cancer dissemination along the catheter tract.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/surgery , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangitis/etiology , Drainage/adverse effects , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/adverse effects , Klatskin Tumor/surgery , Liver/surgery , Pancreatitis/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Preoperative Care/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
16.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 98-106, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases with age, while parathyroid hormone (PTH) increases. There are a few reports only on the relationship between GFR and PTH under the category of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration. METHODS: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data, a cross-sectional study was conducted on the association between serum 25(OH)D concentration, GFR and PTH in Korean adults aged 50 years or older. Serum PTH concentration was compared to the tertiles of GFR after adjustment for relevant variables. In addition, the serum PTH concentration was compared with the GFR under the category of serum 25(OH) D concentration (30 ng/mL). RESULTS: The mean estimated GFR (eGFR) was 74.8 mL/min in men and 73.1 mL/min in women. The mean PTH and 25(OH) D was 66.8 pg/mL, 20.5 ng/mL in men and 69.0 pg/mL, 18.2 ng/mL in women. The serum PTH concentration showed a significant negative correlation with the serum 25(OH) D and eGFR in both genders. The serum PTH concentration significantly increased at the lower tertile of eGFR in male adults In addition, a decrease of serum PTH concentration was marked in the vitamin D sufficient male adults (>30 ng/mL). CONCLUSION: This present study demonstrated that serum PTH concentration showed negative correlation with eGFR, however, serum PTH increase may be minimized by maintaining proper serum 25(OH)D concentrations under similar eGFR status in Korean adults aged 50 and above.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Parathyroid Hormone , Vitamin D
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1542-1555, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221608

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Bowel cleansing is generally regarded as time-consuming and unpleasant among patients. Patients commonly state that bowel preparation provokes more discomfort than the actual colonoscopic examination. The purpose of this study was to compare two regimens of sodium phosphate (NaP) tablets versus polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution for bowel preparation in healthy Korean adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single center, prospective, open-label, investigator-blinded, randomized, controlled-pilot study. A total of 62 healthy Korean subjects were randomly assigned to two groups (NaP vs. PEG). Efficacy, safety, and patient-related outcomes, as well as procedural parameters, were evaluated. RESULTS: Although there were no significant differences in total Ottawa bowel quality score, fluid scores and the rate of adequate bowel preparation were significantly better in the NaP group than the PEG group. Additionally, the NaP group showed better results regarding patient tolerance, satisfaction, preference, and rate of adverse events than the PEG group. Significant fluctuations in specific serum electrolytes were common and of a greater magnitude in the NaP group than the PEG group. However, these abnormalities were transient and did not result in serious complications and side effects. CONCLUSION: In this study, NaP tablets were shown to be an effective, well-tolerated, and acceptable regimen for bowel preparation. Also, our study suggests that NaP tablets may be safe and can be used as a bowel cleansing agent in healthy adults undergoing elective colonoscopy. Further multicenter, large scale studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Colonoscopy , Phosphates/administration & dosage , Pilot Projects , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea , Surface-Active Agents/administration & dosage , Tablets , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 44-46, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112283

ABSTRACT

Malaria can present with various clinical symptoms and complications. While a tertian malaria form that is especially prevalent in Korea is characterized by mild clinical progression, occasional splenic complications are known to occur. A 26-year-old Korean male soldier without prior medical history visited The Armed Forces Capital Hospital with left upper quadrant abdominal pain one day ago. Hemostasis under laparoscopic approach was attempted. The operation was converted into laparotomy due to friable splenic tissue and consequently poor hemostasis. Splenectomy was performed. The patient was discharged at postoperative day 17 without complication. While numerous diseases can result in splenic complications, such as splenic rupture, malarial infection is known as the most common cause. The incidence of malarial infection in Korea is increasing annually, and there are occasional reports of splenic rupture due to the infection, which requires attention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain , Arm , Hemostasis , Incidence , Korea , Laparotomy , Malaria , Malaria, Vivax , Military Personnel , Rupture, Spontaneous , Spleen , Splenectomy , Splenic Rupture
19.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 74-80, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89359

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Abnormal serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) may be an early and sensitive marker for oxidative stress. This study was performed to evaluate the association between serum heavy metals and gamma-GT concentration. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional analysis based on data from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (V-1, 2, 2010, 2011) regarding serum heavy metal concentrations (lead, mercury, and cadmium) as well as serum gamma-GT. Serum heavy metals were categorized into tertiles, and serum gamma-GT concentration was compared using an analysis of covariance test after relevant variable adjustments. In addition, we evaluated the odds ratio (OR) of having the highest tertile of serum gamma-GT in each heavy metal tertile using logistic regression. RESULTS: The mean serum lead, mercury, and cadmium concentrations were 2.67, 5.08, and 1.02 microg/dL in men and 1.95, 3.60, and 1.21 microg/dL in women, respectively. Partial correlation showed a significant positive relation between each heavy metal and serum gamma-GT concentration. Comparing serum gamma-GT concentration by the tertile of each heavy metal, serum gamma-GT concentration showed a significant increase as the tertiles of serum mercury and cadmium in men and that of serum mercury in women increased, but not with lead. The OR of having the highest tertile of serum gamma-GT was significant for cadmium in men (OR, 4.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.54 to 6.35) and mercury in women (OR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.29 to 3.10) in the top tertile of each heavy metal. CONCLUSION: Higher serum heavy metal concentration may be related with higher serum gamma-GT concentration. In particular, serum cadmium in men and mercury in women showed significant correlation with serum gamma-GT concentration.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cadmium , Cross-Sectional Studies , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Korea , Logistic Models , Metals, Heavy , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Oxidative Stress
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 98-105, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200220

ABSTRACT

For a complete colonoscopic examination, a high intubation rate and a short intubation time have been demanded to colonoscopists, if possible. The aim of the present study was to compare these examination parameters, intubation time and rate, according to the length of colonoscope. A total of 507 healthy Korean subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: intermediate length adult-colonoscope (n=254) and long length adult-colonoscope (n=253). There were significant differences in cecal intubation time and in terminal ileal intubation rate according to the length of the colonoscope. Time-to-cecal intubation was shorter for the intermediate-scope group than for the long-scope group (234.2 +/- 115.0 sec vs 280.7 +/- 135.0 sec, P < 0.001). However, the success rate of terminal ileal intubation was higher in the long-scope group than in the intermediate-scope group (95.3% vs 84.3%, P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in other colonoscopic parameters between the two groups. The intermediate length adult-colonoscope decreased the time to reach the cecum, whereas the long-scope showed a success rate of terminal ileal intubation. These findings suggest that it is reasonable to prepare and use these two types of colonoscope appropriate to the needs of the patient and examination, instead of employing only one type of colonoscope.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cecum , Colonoscopes , Colonoscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Ileum , Intubation, Gastrointestinal/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Time Factors
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