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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918859

ABSTRACT

In this report, Replicated denture was fabricated by 3d printing after scanning the existing denture. It was used as an individual tray in closed-mouth technique.It reduced laboratory process and clinical time. Also it helped in facial evaluation and tooth arrangement. Compared to open-mouth technique, the number of visits was reduced, and the patient’s adaptability to new denture was enhanced by utilized various information of the existing denture, including vertical dimension.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914637

ABSTRACT

Increasing the vertical dimesion affects not only functional problems but also the facial appearance. In particular, when restoring the reduced vertical dimension, it is important to evaluate facial appearance because the change affects the patient’s aesthetics. Cephalometric radiographs can predict changes in the facial appearance through skeletal and vertical classifications using anatomical indicators, and the changes before and after treatment can be easily observed, which could serve as good data in evaluating treatment success. In this study, comparative evaluation was performed through cephalometric radiography, and the aesthetic and functional improvement was confirmed.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837259

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity on the dental bur with fluoride for S. mutans. @*Materials and methods@#0 ppm, 300 ppm, 500 ppm, 1,000 ppm, 1,450 ppm fluoride ion is added to a specimen. S. mutans was incubated for 24 hours, the number of S. mutans were counted. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann- Whitney analysis were used SPSS 25.0 (IBM SPSS 25.0, Chicago, IL, USA). @*Results@#The mean S. mutans counts of 0 ppm, 300 ppm, 500 ppm, 1,000 ppm, and 1,450 ppm were 374.0 ± 12.6, 251.0 ± 66.7, 111.4 ± 35.6, 41.6 ± 11.7 and 13.2 ± 4.6, respectively. All groups except the control and 300 ppm showed statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Thus, more than 500 ppm fluoride ion showed the statistically significant antimicrobial activity. 1,450 ppm group showed the highest antimicrobial activity. This study showed the clinical possibility for dental caries protection and antimicrobial activity of dental bur.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837256

ABSTRACT

In the case of complete edentulous patients, as the mandibular alveolar bone absorption progresses, the maintenance and stability of the existing dentures, which had satisfactory functions in the past, are deteriorated. Despite of the need to fabricate new dentures, they often hesitate due to physical burdens on the duration and intensity of future treatment progress due to the effects of aging and systemic diseases. In the case of these completely edentulous patients, it is necessary to consider the treatment goals that can reduce the number of visits and the adaptation period for new dentures before starting the treatment. This case is a case of producing complete dentures of elderly patients with deteriorated physical ability. In addition to producing suction dentures through preliminary and definitive closed mouth functional impression suggested by Sato, CAD / CAM technique was used to transfer occlusal functional information of existing dentures to facilitate adaptation to new dentures.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837251

ABSTRACT

The goal of suction denture is to enhance retention of dentures by the formation of negative pressure between the denture base and the underlying tissue and sealing around the denture by the mucosa. This patient has been converted to a completely edentulous state after the extraction of residual teeth. Fabrication of suction denture was planned because it was estimated that the conventional compete would be hard to achieve retention due to the absorption of residual ridge and lack of sublingual fold. Through appropriate clinical and laboratory technique such as preliminary impression on the mandibular rest position, provisional vertical dimension determination with Centric Tray® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), closed mouth definitive impression and jaw relation record using individual tray with Gnathometer M® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), artificial teeth arrangement considering stability of the denture, and proper polymerization technique that minimizes polymerization shrinkage, restoring the patient with suction denture resulted in satisfaction throughout the function and asesthetics.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837243

ABSTRACT

Fabrication of complete denture with suction mechanism was introduced to enhance the retention and stability of denture by sealing around the denture border by formingnegative pressure on the inner side of denture base during functional movement such as swallowing or masticating. Mandibular suction dentures reduce denture dislodgingforce during opening by taking preliminary impression without pressure on retromolar pad area in rest position. In this case, fabrication of complete denture using suctionmechanism for an edentulous patient with severe alveolar bone resorption allowed us to clinically enhance retention and stability of denture and improve satisfaction ofpatient. (J Korean Acad Prosthodont 2020;58:130-6)

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899236

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891532

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786595

ABSTRACT

Maxillectomy is performed to remove the tumor in the palate, maxillary sinus, buccal mucosa or nasal cavity. The resection range depends on the size and the extent of the tumor and it affects speech production or cause nasal regurgitation during feeding. Obturator can occlude an opening such as an oro-nasal fistula and protect the defect area. Successful reconstrucion of the patient's oral cavity who have gone over the maxillectomy is a difficult task. The condition and number of teeth, the remaining support area, and the extent of the defect area have a great influence on manufacturing the obturator. If these factors are disadvantageous, the prognosis of the prosthesis is uncertain. The final obturator must have a sufficient retention in the patient's oral cavity and must not irritate the surrounding tissue and support area where the resection was performed.In this case, a 55 year old female went through the maxillectomy and the only 3 teeth remained. And the retention of the maxillary prosthesis seems to be poor. So that, we fabricated the closed hollow obturator which has reduced weight compared to the conventional obturator. Consequently the closed hollow obturator can give better sealing and the adaptation.


Subject(s)
Female , Fistula , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa , Nasal Cavity , Palate , Palate, Hard , Prognosis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786592

ABSTRACT

The loss of posterior support and the abnormal jaw relation can cause pathologic findings. If deep bite patients with multiple missing teeth, can not have the stable posterior contact, the mandible moves posteriorly, and consequently the overjet and overbite get worse. And when the mandibular irregular occlusal plane is corrected, it is easier to have the bilateral balanced occlusion with the maxilla. So the treatment goal is to give proper posetrior support and establish appropriate anterior guidance, and ultimately provide improved mastication and esthetics recovery. In this case, a 68 year old man, having deep bite without posterior support was evaluated by the vertical dimesion decision flow-chart. An available prosthetic height, anterior occlusal relation such as overjet, overbite and the esthetic part such as facial height and the cephalometric analysis are the factors to be considered.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Esthetics , Humans , Jaw , Mandible , Mastication , Maxilla , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Overbite , Tooth , Vertical Dimension
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742100

ABSTRACT

Traditional removable partial denture is a successful treatment for partial edentulous patients. When the abutment is formed with unilateral minority teeth, satisfaction with the use of removable partial denture may be lowered due to patient's discomfort and damage of the abutment. Recently, it has been reported that the unilateral posterior extension partial denture is used as a bilateral posterior extension partial denture using implant fixed prostheses as abutments. In this case, by using implant surveyed crown prostheses, bilateral posterior extension partial denture is fabricated in site that is predicted to have a poor prognosis. This resulted in improved support, maintenance, and stabilization of the removable partial denture, which were economically beneficial to patient and satisfied with use.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Denture, Partial , Denture, Partial, Removable , Humans , Prognosis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761442

ABSTRACT

With development of digital dentistry, the 3-dimensional (3D) manufacturing industry using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has grown dramatically in recent years. Denture fabrication using digital method is also increasing due to the recent development of digital technology in dentistry. The 3D manufacturing process can be categorized into 2 types: subtractive manufacturing (SM) and additive manufacturing (AM). SM, such as milling is based on cutting away from a solid block of materal. AM, such as 3D printing, is based on adding the material layer by layer. AM enables the fabrication of complex structures that are difficult to mill. In this case, additive manufacturing method was applied to the fabrication of the resin-based complete denture to a 80 year-old patient. During the follow-up periods, the denture using digital method has provided satisfactory results esthetically and functionally.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare two novel impression methods and a conventional impression method for edentulous jaws using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five edentulous patients (four men and one woman; mean age: 62.7 years) were included. Three impression techniques were used: conventional impression method (CI; control), simple modified closed-mouth impression method with a novel tray (SI), and digital impression method using an intraoral scanner (DI). Subsequently, a gypsum model was made, scanned, and superimposed using 3D analysis software. Mean area displacement was measured using CI method to evaluate differences in the impression surfaces as compared to those values obtained using SI and DI methods. The values were confirmed at two to five areas to determine the differences. CI and SI were compared at all areas, while CI and DI were compared at the supporting areas. Kruskal-Wallis test was performed for all data. Statistical significance was considered at P value .05); the difference was .05). CONCLUSION: The CI, SI, and DI methods were effective in making impressions of the supporting areas in edentulous patients. The SI method showed clinically applicability.


Subject(s)
Calcium Sulfate , Female , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Maxilla , Methods
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742038

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze stress distribution in premolars restored with inlays or onlays using various materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional maxillary premolar models of abutments were designed to include the following: 1) inlay with O cavity (O group), 2) inlay with MO cavity (MO group), 3) inlay with MOD cavity (MOD group), and 4) onlay (ONLAY group). A restoration of each inlay or onlay cavity was simulated using gold alloy, e.max ceramic, or composite resin for restoration. To simulate masticatory forces, a total of 140 N static axial force was applied onto the tooth at the occlusal contact areas. A finite element analysis was performed to predict the magnitude and pattern of stresses generated by occlusal loading. RESULTS: Maximum von Mises stress values generated in the abutment teeth of the ONLAY group were ranged from 26.1 to 26.8 MPa, which were significantly lower than those of inlay groups (O group: 260.3–260.7 MPa; MO group: 252.1–262.4 MPa; MOD group: 281.4–298.8 MPa). Maximum von Mises stresses generated with ceramic, gold, and composite restorations were 280.1, 269.9, and 286.6 MPa, respectively, in the MOD group. They were 252.2, 248.0, 255.1 MPa, respectively, in the ONLAY group. CONCLUSION: The onlay design (ONLAY group) protected tooth structures more effectively than inlay designs (O, MO, and MOD groups). However, stress magnitudes in restorations with various dental materials exhibited no significant difference among groups (O, MO, MOD, ONLAY).


Subject(s)
Alloys , Bicuspid , Bite Force , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Finite Element Analysis , Inlays , Tooth
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713964

ABSTRACT

In case of the treatment of maxillary anterior teeth, it should be taken into account the proper morphology, arrangement and color satisfying patient's esthetic demands. For this purpose, facial composition, dentofacial composition, dental composition and dentogingival composition should be considered making diagnosis and treatment plan in an esthetic point of view. In adjustable temporary crown state, careful evaluation and correction of the esthetic and functional aspect were performed, and the definite restoration was reproduced using double scan.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Diagnosis , Humans , Tooth
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717299

ABSTRACT

Multiple tooth loss and excessive occlusal wear can result in damage to occlusal disharmony, functional disorders and esthetic problems, requiring comprehensive prosthetic treatments. Changing vertical dimension harmonized with surrounding muscle tissue is important. In this case, the patient with loss of vertical dimension caused by severe tooth loss and tooth wear was treated with the analysis of vertical dimension, such as diagnostic model, radiography and various clinical exams. the patient was satisfied with favorable functions and esthetics for 1 years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Esthetics , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Radiography , Tooth Attrition , Tooth Loss , Tooth Wear , Tooth , Vertical Dimension
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717292

ABSTRACT

In a single implant restoration of maxillary anterior teeth, it is difficult to accomplish an aesthetic restoration of the implant prosthesis in the case of gingival recession and bone defect problems. To maintain aesthetic stability in the long term, it is important to place the implant in the ideal position as well as the recovery of the soft tissue and harmony with the prosthesis. Not only ideal implant position but also the harmony with surrounding soft tissues are important to fabricate aesthetic implant prosthesis for these cases. for these cases, a 47- years -old male with lowered level of osseous crest and gingival recession on maxillary anterior tooth was treated with guided bone regeneration and gingival recontouring.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Esthetics , Gingiva , Gingival Recession , Humans , Male , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739884

ABSTRACT

In order to produce a stable denture for severe alveolar bone loss area, it is not only important that .0a suitable occlusion is established but also to consider compatibility with the surrounding muscle to form a suitable polished surfaces. Neutral zone is defined as a potential area where the neuromuscular system of the tongue, cheeks and lips is balanced can be determined through the neutral zone impression technique. And if artificial teeth are aligned within the neutral zone and the polished surface follows the anatomical form of the dynamic muscle, higher stability and retention of the denture may be obtained through coordination with the surrounding muscle tissue. This case is being reported since the concept of the neutral zone was applied to a patient with severely atrophic residual alveolar ridge and the result was clinically satisfactory in both function and aesthetics.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Cheek , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Esthetics , Humans , Lip , Rehabilitation , Tongue , Tooth, Artificial
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739878

ABSTRACT

Macroglossia is an obstacle in regard to general prosthodontic restoration. Not only is it difficult to obtain support and stability from dentures manufactured from normal protocol, obtaining efficacy from basic mastication is also difficult. In such cases, realizing harmony between the occlusion and surrounding muscle structures may be important with regard to manufacture of stable full dentures, and it is necessary to form the appropriate polished surface for this case. The neutral zone is defined as the potential area resulting from the neuromuscular function that results in equilibrium between the outward force exerted by the tongue and the inward force exerted by the lips and cheeks. The artificial teeth of the full denture lies in this area, and if the polished zone follows the anatomic form of the dynamic muscles, the movement of the muscles simply acts as an element of stabilizing the dentures improving the esthetics through facial support.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Dentures , Esthetics , Lip , Macroglossia , Mastication , Muscles , Rehabilitation , Tongue , Tooth, Artificial
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740456

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of esthetically important areas such as maxillary anterior teeth, they should be corresponded with surrounding tissues, and shape of the smile line, soft tissue, and hard tissue, also the anatomical shape and proportion of the teeth should be considered as well. Esthetic analysis includes facial analysis which evaluates the proper parallelism between the occlusal plane and the horizontal reference line, dentolabial analysis which assesses the position of the incisal edge and the coherence between the occlusal plane and the commissural line, tooth analysis which evaluates not only esthetics but also morphology and appearance for proper function, and gingival analysis which forms ideal outline of gingival margins. A maxillary anterior diastema can be esthetically restored through the systematic diagnostic approach and treatment planning, and orthodontic, prosthetic, and conservative treatment can be applied for the treatment.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Diastema , Esthetics , Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
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