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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 86-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968880

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Evidence in favor of adding docetaxel in treatment of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) has led to docetaxel in conjunction with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) as standard therapy. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of docetaxel with ADT for Korean patients with mHSPC in real-world practice. @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was performed at six Korean hospitals for patients with mHSPC treated with docetaxel plus ADT. Patients were treated every 3 weeks for up to six cycles with 75 mg/m 2 of docetaxel. The primary endpoint was time to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). @*Results@#This study included 46 eligible patients from June 2016 to February 2021. Median age was 68.5 years (range, 52–84) and all patients present with de novo M1 with high-volume disease. The median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level at ADT initiation was 205.4 (7.7–1933) ng/mL, and time from ADT to docetaxel was 2.4 months (0–5.3). All six planned cycles of docetaxel were delivered in 36 patients (78%), 7 patients (15%) discontinued treatment due to adverse events, and 3 patients (7%) discontinued due to progression. At the time of the analysis, CRPC had developed in 34 patients (74%), and the median time to CRPC was 18.0 (95% confidence interval, 14.1–21.9) months. PSA <0.2 ng/mL was achieved in 11 patients (24%) after 6 months of ADT and in 10 patients (22%) after 12 months. At last follow-up, 35 patients (76%) were alive; the median overall survival was not reached. @*Conclusion@#The effect of docetaxel combined with ADT for Korean patients with mHSPC is comparable with prior results in Western studies.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e185-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925917

ABSTRACT

Background@#The risk of opioid-related aberrant behavior (OAB) in Korean cancer patients has not been previously evaluated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the Opioid Risk Tool (ORT) in Korean cancer patients receiving opioid treatment. @*Methods@#Data were obtained from a multicenter, cross-sectional, nationwide observational study regarding breakthrough cancer pain. The study was conducted in 33 South Korean institutions from March 2016 to December 2017. Patients were eligible if they had cancer-related pain within the past 7 days, which was treated with strong opioids in the previous 7 days. @*Results@#We analyzed ORT results of 946 patients. Only one patient in each sex (0.2%) was classified as high risk for OAB. Moderate risk was observed in 18 males (3.3%) and in three females (0.7%). Scores above 0 were primarily derived from positive responses for personal or familial history of alcohol abuse (in men), or depression (in women). In patients with an ORT score of 1 or higher (n = 132, 14%), the score primarily represented positive responses for personal history of depression (in females), personal or family history of alcohol abuse (in males), or 16–45 years age range. These patients had more severe worst and average pain intensity (proportion of numeric rating scale ≥ 4: 20.5% vs. 11.4%, P < 0.001) and used rescue analgesics more frequently than patients with ORT scores of 0. The proportion of moderateor high-risk patients according to ORT was lower in patients receiving low doses of longacting opioids than in those receiving high doses (2.0% vs. 6.6%, P = 0.031). Moderate or high risk was more frequent when ORT was completed in an isolated room than in an open, busy place (2.7% vs. 0.6%, P = 0.089). @*Conclusions@#The score of ORT was very low in cancer patients receiving strong opioids for analgesia. Higher pain intensity may associate with positive response to one or more ORT item.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 881-888, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897460

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate whether routine insertion of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) at admission to a hospice-palliative care (HPC) unit is acceptable in terms of safety and efficacy and whether it results in superior patient satisfaction compared to usual intravenous (IV) access. @*Materials and Methods@#Terminally ill cancer patients were randomly assigned to two arms: routine PICC access and usual IV access arm. The primary endpoint was IV maintenance success rate, defined as the rate of functional IV maintenance until the intended time (discharge, transfer, or death). @*Results@#A total of 66 terminally ill cancer patients were enrolled and randomized to study arms. Among them, 57 patients (routine PICC, 29; usual IV, 28) were analyzed. In the routine PICC arm, mean time to PICC was 0.84 days (range, 0 to 3 days), 27 patients maintained PICC with function until the intended time. In the usual IV arm, 11 patients maintained peripheral IV access until the intended time, and 15 patients underwent PICC insertion. The IV maintenance success rate in the routine PICC arm (27/29, 93.1%) was similar to that in the usual IV arm (26/28, 92.8%, p=0.958). Patient satisfaction at day 5 was better in the routine PICC arm (97%, ‘a little comfort’ or ‘much comfort’) compared with the usual IV arm (21%) (p <0.001). @*Conclusion@#Routine PICC insertion in terminally ill cancer patients was comparable in safety and efficacy and resulted in superior satisfaction compared with usual IV access. Thus, routine PICC insertion could be considered at admission to the HPC unit.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 491-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895992

ABSTRACT

In 2017, Korean Society of Medical Oncology (KSMO) published the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. This paper is the 2nd edition of the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. We updated recent many changes of management in metastatic prostate cancer in this 2nd edition guideline. The present guideline consists of the three categories: management of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer; management of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer; and clinical consideration for treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. In category 1 and 2, levels of evidence (LEs) have been mentioned according to the general principles of evidence-based medicine. And grades of recommendation (GR) was taken into account the quality of evidence, the balance between desirable and undesirable effects, the values and preferences, and the use of resources and GR were divided into strong recommendations (SR) and weak recommendations (WR). A total of 16 key questions are selected. And we proposed recommendations and described key evidence for each recommendation. The treatment landscape of metastatic prostate cancer is changing very rapid and many trials are ongoing. To verify the results of the future trials is necessary and should be applied to the treatment for metastatic prostate cancer patients in the clinical practice. Especially, many prostate cancer patients are old age, have multiple underlying medical comorbidities, clinicians should be aware of the significance of medical management as well as clinical efficacy of systemic treatment.

5.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 63-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895748

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study was to examine the clinical presentation, treatment delivery, and cisplatin eligibility of Korean patients with urothelial carcinoma (UC) in a real-world setting. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients initially diagnosed with UC from March 2013 to June 2018. Creatinine clearance >60 mL/min and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (0–1) were adopted as cisplatin eligibility criteria. @*Results@#This study included 557 eligible patients. Median age was 71.0 years (range, 33–94 years), and males were dominant (80%). Primary tumor sites were: upper genitourinary tract, 18%; bladder, 81%; and urethra, 0.4%. Initial disease status was non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (313, 56%), diffuse infiltrating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (19, 3%), cTanyN0 upper tract UC (75, 13%), cT2-4N0 bladder UC (82, 15%), TanyN1-3 UC (36, 7%), or initially metastatic UC (32, 6%). At the time of analysis (June 2019), following treatments were delivered to 134 patients with localized UC: radical operation with or without perioperative treatment (89, 67%), definitive chemoradiation (7, 5%), and palliative surgery or supportive care only (36, 28%). In total, 89 patients had metastatic UC, including those with recurrent disease (n=57), and 34 (38%) of the 89 were eligible for cisplatin. @*Conclusion@#Clinical presentations in East Asian UC patients were consistent with those of previous studies in other countries, except for a relatively high incidence of upper genitourinary tract. Our results can serve as a benchmark for further advances and future research for treatments of UC in East Asian patients.

6.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 207-213, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874173

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome. HLRCC is characterized by the development of cutaneous leiomyomas, early-onset uterine leiomyomas, and HLRCC-associated renal cell cancer (RCC) and caused by germline fumarate hydratase (FH) deficiency. We investigated the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of Korean patients with HLRCC. @*Methods@#We performed direct sequencing analysis of FH in 13 patients with suspected HLRCC and their family members. A chromosomal microarray test was performed in female patients with negative sequencing results but highly suspected HLRCC. In addition, we analyzed the clinical characteristics and evaluated the genotype–phenotype correlations in Korean patients with HLRCC. @*Results@#We identified six different pathogenic or likely pathogenic FH variants in six of the 13 patients (46.2%). The variants included two nonsense variants, two splicing variants, one frameshift variant, and one missense variant. Of the six variants, two (33.3%) were novel (c.132+1G > C, and c.243dup). RCC and early-onset uterine leiomyoma were frequently observed in families with HLRCC, while cutaneous leiomyoma was less common. No significant genotype–phenotype correlation was observed. @*Conclusions@#We describe the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum in a small series of Korean patients with HLRCC. Our data reveal the unique characteristics of Korean patients with HLRCC and suggest a need for establishing an optimal diagnostic approach for them.

7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 881-888, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889756

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate whether routine insertion of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) at admission to a hospice-palliative care (HPC) unit is acceptable in terms of safety and efficacy and whether it results in superior patient satisfaction compared to usual intravenous (IV) access. @*Materials and Methods@#Terminally ill cancer patients were randomly assigned to two arms: routine PICC access and usual IV access arm. The primary endpoint was IV maintenance success rate, defined as the rate of functional IV maintenance until the intended time (discharge, transfer, or death). @*Results@#A total of 66 terminally ill cancer patients were enrolled and randomized to study arms. Among them, 57 patients (routine PICC, 29; usual IV, 28) were analyzed. In the routine PICC arm, mean time to PICC was 0.84 days (range, 0 to 3 days), 27 patients maintained PICC with function until the intended time. In the usual IV arm, 11 patients maintained peripheral IV access until the intended time, and 15 patients underwent PICC insertion. The IV maintenance success rate in the routine PICC arm (27/29, 93.1%) was similar to that in the usual IV arm (26/28, 92.8%, p=0.958). Patient satisfaction at day 5 was better in the routine PICC arm (97%, ‘a little comfort’ or ‘much comfort’) compared with the usual IV arm (21%) (p <0.001). @*Conclusion@#Routine PICC insertion in terminally ill cancer patients was comparable in safety and efficacy and resulted in superior satisfaction compared with usual IV access. Thus, routine PICC insertion could be considered at admission to the HPC unit.

8.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 491-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903696

ABSTRACT

In 2017, Korean Society of Medical Oncology (KSMO) published the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. This paper is the 2nd edition of the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. We updated recent many changes of management in metastatic prostate cancer in this 2nd edition guideline. The present guideline consists of the three categories: management of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer; management of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer; and clinical consideration for treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. In category 1 and 2, levels of evidence (LEs) have been mentioned according to the general principles of evidence-based medicine. And grades of recommendation (GR) was taken into account the quality of evidence, the balance between desirable and undesirable effects, the values and preferences, and the use of resources and GR were divided into strong recommendations (SR) and weak recommendations (WR). A total of 16 key questions are selected. And we proposed recommendations and described key evidence for each recommendation. The treatment landscape of metastatic prostate cancer is changing very rapid and many trials are ongoing. To verify the results of the future trials is necessary and should be applied to the treatment for metastatic prostate cancer patients in the clinical practice. Especially, many prostate cancer patients are old age, have multiple underlying medical comorbidities, clinicians should be aware of the significance of medical management as well as clinical efficacy of systemic treatment.

9.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 63-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903452

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study was to examine the clinical presentation, treatment delivery, and cisplatin eligibility of Korean patients with urothelial carcinoma (UC) in a real-world setting. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients initially diagnosed with UC from March 2013 to June 2018. Creatinine clearance >60 mL/min and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (0–1) were adopted as cisplatin eligibility criteria. @*Results@#This study included 557 eligible patients. Median age was 71.0 years (range, 33–94 years), and males were dominant (80%). Primary tumor sites were: upper genitourinary tract, 18%; bladder, 81%; and urethra, 0.4%. Initial disease status was non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (313, 56%), diffuse infiltrating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (19, 3%), cTanyN0 upper tract UC (75, 13%), cT2-4N0 bladder UC (82, 15%), TanyN1-3 UC (36, 7%), or initially metastatic UC (32, 6%). At the time of analysis (June 2019), following treatments were delivered to 134 patients with localized UC: radical operation with or without perioperative treatment (89, 67%), definitive chemoradiation (7, 5%), and palliative surgery or supportive care only (36, 28%). In total, 89 patients had metastatic UC, including those with recurrent disease (n=57), and 34 (38%) of the 89 were eligible for cisplatin. @*Conclusion@#Clinical presentations in East Asian UC patients were consistent with those of previous studies in other countries, except for a relatively high incidence of upper genitourinary tract. Our results can serve as a benchmark for further advances and future research for treatments of UC in East Asian patients.

10.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 29-34, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837193

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Terminally ill cancer patients in hospice palliative care unit are reluctant to undergo repetitive invasive procedures due to coagulopathies and poor performance or condition, while catheter management such as regular irrigation during hospitalization is easy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of indwelling intraperitoneal (IP) catheter in hospitalized terminally ill cancer patients with recurrent ascites. @*Methods@#A retrospective review was conducted in patients who underwent IP catheter at the hospice palliative care unit of Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between August 2016 and June 2018. All catheters were inserted by interventional radiologists with radiological guidance. The primary end-points were functional IP catheter maintenance rate, which is catheter maintained with patency for drainage until the intended time. @*Results@#A total of 25 terminally ill cancer patients underwent IP catheters placements during the study period. All catheters were successfully inserted without major complications, but one patient had trivial bleeding and one other patient had temporary pain. The median time from admission to catheter insertion was 5 days (range, 1 to 49 days). Twenty-one catheters were maintained with function until the intended time, three cases were maintained without function, and the last one was removed early due to obstruction and pain. Finally, the functional IP maintenance rate was 84% (21/25) and the median functional catheter life span was 15 days (95% confidence interval, 10.8 to 17.2). @*Conclusion@#Our study showed relatively favorable results for IP catheter maintenance and safety in hospitalized terminally ill cancer patients with malignant ascites.

11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 277-283, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831070

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment pattern of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) in Korea and the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in earlystage. @*Materials and Methods@#Medical records of 308 cases of from 21 institutions were reviewed and data including age, performance status, endometriosis, thromboembolism, stage, cancer antigen 125, treatment, recurrence, and death were collected. @*Results@#Regarding stage of OCCC, it was stage I in 194 (63.6%), stage II in 34 (11.1%), stage III in 66 (21.6%), and stage IV in 11 (3.6%) patients. All patients underwent surgery. Optimal surgery (residual disease ≤ 1 cm) was achieved in 89.3%. Majority of patients (80.5%) received postoperative chemotherapy. The most common regimen was taxane-platinum combination (96%). Median relapse-free survival (RFS) was 138.5 months for stage I, 33.4 for stage II, 19.3 for stage III, and 9.7 for stage IV. Median overall survival (OS) were not reached, 112.4, 48.7, and 18.3 months for stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Early-stage (stage I), endometriosis, and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors for RFS. Early-stage and optimal debulking were also favorable prognostic factors for OS. Majority of patients with early-stage received adjuvant chemotherapy. However, additional survival benefit was not found in terms of recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Majority of patients had early-stage and received postoperative chemotherapy regardless of stage. Early-stage and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors. In stage IA or IB, adding adjuvant chemotherapy did not show difference in survival. Further study focusing on OCCC is required.

12.
Health Communication ; (2): 11-15, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In this study, consultations with children of young patients with cancer were evaluated by dividing the child's age into infancy, childhood, and adolescence to ensure the necessity and importance of appropriate intervention, coordination, and communication.METHODS: From June 2017 to February 2019, medical records and consultation records were reviewed by selecting suitable cases among patients hospitalized in hospice palliative care unit at a Pusan national university Yangsan hospital. The consultation was conducted on several occasions by nurses, doctors and social workers from the time the patient was hospitalized to the day before death.RESULTS: The cases of consultation were as follows: female patient with stomach cancer with a child in infancy, patient with gastric cancer with a child in childhood, and male patient with rectal cancer with a child in adolescence.CONCLUSION: It is ideal for parents to initiate communication with their children on their terminal status, so multidisciplinary teams must first support the motivation. In consultations with children, we should first explain the information about the cancer status of the parents, followed by the future clinical course, estimated life expectancy, and changes related to terminal status. Additionally, we must attempt to manage the psychological and emotional concerns of children. This study may support the creation of an atmosphere for in-depth research on family interviews of young patients with cancer in Korea. We think that this will contribute as basic data for some guidelines for communication based on the age of children in consultations with patients with terminal cancer.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Atmosphere , Hospice Care , Hospices , Korea , Life Expectancy , Medical Records , Motivation , Palliative Care , Parents , Rectal Neoplasms , Referral and Consultation , Social Work , Social Workers , Stomach Neoplasms
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 124-141, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193491

ABSTRACT

The management of advanced prostate cancer has evolved rapidly. Androgen deprivation therapy, via surgical or medical castration, is the first-line therapy for hormone-naïve metastatic prostate cancer. For approximately a decade, docetaxel-based chemotherapy was the only approved agent to show a survival benefit for castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, over the last 5 years, significant advances in the field have led to the approval of several new agents with different mechanisms of action, such as the new androgen pathway inhibitors abiraterone and enzalutamide, a new cytotoxic agent, cabazitaxel, and new bone-seeking agents such as radium-223, which have all been associated with improved quality of life and pain palliation and an increase in survival. However, there has been no Korean treatment guideline for metastatic prostate cancer which is developed based on thorough search for relevant articles, including recently developed agents, and adequate review and assessment of evidences, and thus, a guideline adequate for domestic circumstance is eagerly needed. Experts from the Genitourinary Oncology Committee of the Korea Cancer Study Group developed clinical recommendations for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer based on 19 key questions. The Korean Association for Clinical Oncology, the Korean Prostate Society, the Korean Urological Oncology Society, and the Korean Society of Pathologists reviewed and endorsed the guidelines. These are the first Korean treatment guidelines developed specifically for metastatic prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Castration , Drug Therapy , Korea , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Quality of Life
14.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 104-109, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Advance directives (AD) are designed to protect patients’ autonomy and self-determination, which mean the end of life care planning should precede before loss of their decision ability. We aimed to analyze our experience of AD at field of oncology, focusing on preference of end-of-life care and outcome in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on advanced cancer patients who underwent AD at the department of Oncology of Hanil General Hospital, between April 2013 and January 2014. AD are composed of decision about end of life care (resuscitation, ventilator, artificial tube feeding) and determination of proxy. RESULTS: Among 23 patients who were recommended AD during study period, 19 patients (83%) successfully underwent AD. The median age was 67 years (range, 50 to 95 years) and male was predominance (84%) was observed. Most of them (90%) have not heard of AD in the past. With regard to decision of end-of-life care, decision for resuscitation and ventilator were selected only by 1 patient (5%), respectively, while 10 patients (52%) decided to receive tube feeding. Among 5 patients who underwent AD during chemotherapy, there was neither transfer to other hospital for anti-cancer treatment nor follow up loss. CONCLUSION: AD might be applicable in advanced cancer patients at field of oncology, including also patients treated with palliative chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Advance Directives , Drug Therapy , Enteral Nutrition , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, General , Proxy , Resuscitation , Retrospective Studies , Terminal Care , Ventilators, Mechanical
15.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 51-55, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15207

ABSTRACT

Primary rectal lymphoma is a rare disease among the gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma. In particular, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) transformed from mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is often the primary type of GI lymphoma, mostly in stomach or duodenum, but has never been reported in rectum. Here we report an unusual case in which a 75-year-old male patient diagnosed with DLBCL transformed from MALT lymphoma in the rectum. The patient was diagnosed as rectal DLBCL transformed from MALT lymphoma as Lugano stage II2 and was treated with chemotherapy (R-CHOP) with CD-20 monoclonal antibody (rituxaimb). Complete remission of multiple lymphadenopathy and mass forming ulcer of the rectum was achieved after 6 cycles of R-CHOP. He has been free from disease for 12 months.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , B-Lymphocytes , Drug Therapy , Duodenum , Lymphatic Diseases , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Rare Diseases , Rectum , Stomach , Ulcer
16.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 179-184, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-156563

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the safety and efficacy of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in terminally ill cancer patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients who underwent PICC at the hospice-palliative division of KEPCO (Korea Electric Power Corporation) Medical Center between January 2013 and December 2013. All PICCs were inserted by an interventional radiologist. RESULTS: A total of 30 terminally ill cancer patients received the PICC procedure during the study period. Including one patient who had had two PICC insertions during the period, we analyzed a total of 31 episodes of catheterization and 571 PICC days. The median catheter life span was 14.0 days (range, 1~90 days). In 25 cases, catheters were maintained until the intended time (discharge, transfer, or death), while they were removed prematurely in six other cases (19%; 10.5/1000 PICC days). Thus, the catheter maintenance success rate was 81%. Of those six premature PICC removal cases, self-removal due to delirium occurred in four cases (13%; 7.0/1000 PICC days), and catheter-related blood stream infection and thrombosis were reported in one case, each (3%; 1.8/1000 PICC days). Complication cases totaled eight (26%; 14.1/1000 PICC days). The time to complication development ranged from two to 14 days and the median was seven days. There was no PICC complication-related death. CONCLUSION: Considering characteristics of terminally ill cancer patients, such as a poor general condition, vulnerability to trivial damage, and a limited period of survival, PICC could be a safe intravenous procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization , Catheterization, Central Venous , Catheterization, Peripheral , Catheters , Delirium , Hospice Care , Palliative Care , Retrospective Studies , Rivers , Terminal Care , Terminally Ill , Thrombosis
17.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 146-151, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80973

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is an uncommon and fatal malignancy-related pulmonary complication characterized by fibrocellular intimal proliferation of small pulmonary arteries and arterioles. It causes marked pulmonary hypertension, right-side heart failure, and sudden death. Diagnosis of PTTM is extremely difficult while the patient is alive. Here, we report a 44-year-old woman who presented with complaining of progressing dyspnea and pulmonary hypertension but with no history of cancer. She was diagnosed with PTTM caused by advanced gastric cancer ante mortem and was treated effectively with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Ants , Arterioles , Death, Sudden , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Dyspnea , Heart Failure , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pulmonary Artery , Stomach Neoplasms , Thrombotic Microangiopathies
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 339-347, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8783

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of everolimus in Korean patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) for whom initial treatment with a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFr-TKI) has failed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients with mRCC (any histology) who had progressed on or were intolerant of VEGFr-TKI therapy received oral everolimus (10 mg dose once daily). Tumor response was reassessed according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). RESULTS: This study included 100 patientswith a median follow-up duration of 10.2 months, a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 4.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.4 to 5.0 months), and an overall survival of 10.1 months (95% CI, 6.9 to 13.3 months). The most common grade 3 or greater adverse events (AEs) overall were anemia (13%), pneumonitis (9%), hyperglycemia (8%), and stomatitis (6%). While the incidence of pneumonitis was similar (26 cases, 26%) to the reported incidence in Western patients, the Korean presentations were more severe: 10 patients permanently discontinued everolimus due to pneumonitis, including two deaths on treatment. Statistically significant relationships were established between biologic toxicities, hyperglycemia and anemia, and PFS (hyperglycemia vs. non-hyperglycemia: hazard ratio [HR], 0.61; p=0.055 and anemia vs. non-anemia: HR, 0.51; p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Everolimus was effective in Korean patients with mRCC who had failed initial VEGFr-TKI therapy. While everolimus was well tolerated in general and the AE incidence of this study was similar to those of previous reports, severe pneumonitis was common. Hyperglycemia and anemia showed significant correlation with PFS and thus may be potentially useful as prognostic indicators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperglycemia , Incidence , Phosphotransferases , Pneumonia , Stomatitis , Treatment Failure , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Everolimus
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 684-686, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98799

ABSTRACT

A pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a rare pulmonary vascular anomaly presenting as dyspnea or recurrent epistaxis. Ebstein's anomaly (EA), a congenital cardiac malformation, is also a rare condition. There have been no reports concerning the co-existence of PAVM with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and EA. A 40-year-old woman was admitted with a 2-month history of increasing dyspnea and several years of recurrent epistaxis. On transthoracic echocardiography, she was diagnosed with EA and agreed to undergo surgical treatment. A chest CT angiography showed a 12-mm serpiginous vascular structure suspicious for a PAVM and a liver CT suggested HTT. Although it is unclear whether or not a concurrent PAVM and EA have an embryologic or genetic relationship, we report a case of a PAVM with EA. Further genetic and embryonic studies are needed to identify a possible relationship of the two medical conditions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Angiography , Arteriovenous Malformations , Dyspnea , Ebstein Anomaly , Echocardiography , Epistaxis , Liver , Lung , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic , Thorax
20.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 240-244, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229044

ABSTRACT

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis is a common opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients. Affected individuals present with abdominal pain, diarrhea, or hematochezia. Complications of CMV colitis can include massive bleeding, toxic megacolon, bowel perforation and, rarely, colon stricture. A 69-year-old woman who had no specific past history was admitted to the orthopedic department for pelvic bone fracture with right iliac artery rupture caused by a traffic accident. She was successfully managed with emergency transarterial coil embolization. After 2 weeks, she developed hematochezia and recurrent abdominal pain. Colonoscopy showed a huge, deep ulcer in the rectosigmoid colon. Biopsy and immunohistochemical staining revealed giant cells with intracellular inclusion bodies that were positive for CMV antigen. She received antiviral treatment after which her symptoms improved. On follow-up colonoscopy 3 months later, we found a tight luminal narrowing in the rectum. We did a repeat endoscopic balloon dilation in this patient and she experienced improvement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Accidents, Traffic , Biopsy , Colitis , Colon , Colonoscopy , Constriction, Pathologic , Cytomegalovirus , Diarrhea , Emergencies , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Giant Cells , Hemorrhage , Iliac Artery , Immunocompromised Host , Inclusion Bodies , Megacolon, Toxic , Opportunistic Infections , Orthopedics , Pelvic Bones , Phenobarbital , Rectum , Rupture , Ulcer
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