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1.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 113-121, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967601

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Radial stretch evokes an increase or decrease in contractions in the lower gastrointestinal tract via mechanosensory enteric neurons that project into the muscle layers. We aim to elucidate the differences in stretch reflexes according to their location in the human colon. @*Methods@#We used healthy intestinal smooth muscle tissue excised during elective colon cancer surgery. Conventional intracellular recordings from colonic muscle cells and tension recordings of colonic segments were performed. Radial stretch was evoked through balloon catheter inflation. Changes in the membrane potential and frequency, amplitude, and area under the curve of muscle contractions were recorded before and after the radial stretch at proximal and distal segment sites. @*Results@#In intracellular circular muscle recordings, hyperpolarization was noted at the distal site of sigmoid colonic segments after radial stretch, in contrast to depolarization at all other sites. In tension recordings at proximal ascending or sigmoid colonic segment sites, contractile activation was observed with statistically significant increases in the frequency, amplitude, and area under the curve after radial stretch. Distal sites of ascending and sigmoid colonic segments showed increase and decrease in contraction, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Radial stretch in the human colon (in vitro) evokes excitatory activity at both proximal and distal sites of the ascending colon and at the proximal site of the sigmoid colon, whereas it elicits inhibitory activity at the distal site of the sigmoid colon.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 581-590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000373

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Owing to the low prevalence of small-bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA), data on the impact of Crohn’s disease (CD) on the survival of patients with SBA are lacking. Therefore, we investigated this issue in this study. @*Methods@#In this bicenter cohort study, patients with histologically confirmed SBA were retrospectively enrolled and classified into two groups: sporadic SBA and CD-associated SBA. Patients with duodenal SBA were excluded. Overall survival, disease-free survival, and factors associated with survival were analyzed. @*Results@#Of 128 patients with SBA, 115 had sporadic SBA and 13 had CD-associated SBA. Ileal involvement and poorly differentiated tumors were more common in the CD-associated SBA group than in the sporadic SBA group (ileal involvement, 53.8% vs 22.6%; poor differentiation, 46.2% vs 14.8%; both p<0.05). In survival analysis, overall survival showed no statistical difference between the sporadic SBA and CD-associated SBA groups (p=0.370). However, when stratified by stage, the adjusted overall survival of the CD-associated SBA group was lower in patients with an advanced disease stage (p=0.029). Disease-free survival showed the same tendency, albeit without clinical significance (p=0.097). CD (hazard ratio [HR], 2.308; p=0.047), older age (≥65 yr) at SBA diagnosis (HR, 2.766; p=0.001), and stage III/IV disease (HR, 3.151; p<0.001) were factors associated with mortality. @*Conclusions@#The overall survival of patients with CD-associated SBA did not differ from that of patients with sporadic SBA. However, as CD is an independent risk factor for mortality, vigilant surveillance in high-risk patients may be crucial.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 927-938, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is emerging as a valuable non-invasive tool to identify tumor heterogeneity and tumor burden. This study investigated ctDNA dynamics in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with regorafenib. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective biomarker study, plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) samples obtained at baseline, at the first response evaluation after 2 cycles of treatment, and at the time of progressive disease were sequenced using a targeted next-generation sequencing platform which included 106 genes. @*Results@#A total of 285 blood samples from 110 patients were analyzed. Higher baseline cfDNA concentration was associated with worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After 2 cycles of treatment, variant allele frequency (VAF) in the majority of ctDNA mutations decreased with a mean relative change of –31.6%. Decreases in the VAF of TP53, APC, TCF7L2, and ROS1 after 2 cycles of regorafenib were associated with longer PFS. We used the sum of VAF at each time point as a surrogate for the overall ctDNA burden. A reduction in sum (VAF) of ≥ 50% after 2 cycles was associated with longer PFS (6.1 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.002), OS (11.3 vs. 5.9 months, p=0.001), and higher disease control rate (86.3% vs. 51.1%, p < 0.001). VAF of the majority of the ctDNA mutations increased at the time of disease progression, and VAF of BRAF increased markedly. @*Conclusion@#Reduction in ctDNA burden as estimated by sum (VAF) could be used to predict treatment outcome of regorafenib.

4.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 281-289, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999450

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Globally, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). There is a dearth of literature on the real-world morbidity and mortality associated with CKD comorbid with CRC. This study was performed to evaluate real-world survival outcomes of colorectal malignancy in Korean CKD patients. @*Methods@#The National Health Insurance Service of Korea provided data on patients who underwent surgical resection among patients diagnosed with CRC from 2002 to 2019. @*Results@#A total of 219,550 patients were included: 6,181 patients with underlying CKD and 213,369 patients without it.Each morbidity was significantly higher in the CKD-CRC group, and the postoperative mortality rates for the 30-day (3.11% vs. 1.78%, P < 0.001), 60-day (5.95% vs. 3.83%, P < 0.001), and 90-day mortality rate (8.12% vs. 5.32%, P < 0.001) were significantly higher in the CKD group. The median survival time (MST, year) was significantly lower in the CKD-CRC group (5.63; interquartile range [IQR], 5.26–5.91) than in the non-CKD-CRC group (8.71; IQR, 8.37–8.93). MST was significantly lower among CKD patients who received chemotherapy after adjustment by multivariate analysis (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37–1.49; P < 0.001]). Subgroup analysis showed that in the CKD-CRC group, MST was lower in patients who received dialysis than in those who did not, even after multivariate analysis (adjusted HR, 2.38;95% CI, 2.20–2.58; P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Prevention of CKD-to-end-stage renal disease progression should be adopted as a strategy to increase postoperative survival, along with active surveillance and cancer treatment.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 732-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the impact of dedicated subspecialized radiologists in multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussions on the management of lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 244 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 61.7 ± 11.9 years) referred to MDT discussions 249 times (i.e., 249 cases, as five patients were discussed twice for different issues) for lower GI tract malignancy including colorectal cancer, small bowel cancer, GI stromal tumor, and GI neuroendocrine tumor between April 2018 and June 2021 in a prospective database. Before the MDT discussions, dedicated GI radiologists reviewed all imaging studies again besides routine clinical reading. The referring clinician’s initial diagnosis, initial treatment plan, change in radiologic interpretation compared with the initial radiology report, and the MDT’s consensus recommendations for treatment were collected and compared. Factors associated with changes in treatment plans and the implementation of MDT decisions were analyzed. @*Results@#Of the 249 cases, radiologic interpretation was changed in 73 cases (29.3%) after a review by dedicated GI radiologists, with 78.1% (57/73) resulting in changes in the treatment plan. The treatment plan was changed in 92 cases (36.9%), and the rate of change in the treatment plan was significantly higher in cases with changes in radiologic interpretation than in those without (78.1% [57/73] vs. 19.9% [35/176], p < 0.001). Follow-up records of patients showed that 91.2% (227/249) of MDT recommendations for treatment were implemented. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the nonsurgical approach (vs. surgical approach) decided through MDT discussion was a significant factor for patients being managed differently than the MDT recommendations (odds ratio, 4.48; p = 0.017). @*Conclusion@#MDT discussion involving additional review of radiology examinations by dedicated GI radiologists resulted in a change in the treatment plan in 36.9% of cases. Changes in treatment plans were significantly associated with changes in radiologic interpretation.

6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 167-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925511

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Cryptoglandular fistula is one of the common anal diseases requiring surgical treatment. Various surgical techniques have been introduced; however, there is no known standard technique. Coring-out fistulectomy is a surgical technique that accurately resects only the fistula tract. However, only a few cases of this procedure have been reported.We aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of coring-out fistulectomy for cryptoglandular anal fistulas. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent coring-out fistulectomy for a cryptoglandular fistula between 1999 and 2019. Primary outcomes were the treatment success rate (recurrence and healing rates) and incidence of fecal incontinence. @*Results@#A total of 184 patients were included in our study. The average age of the patients was 44 years (range, 16–75 years), and 88.0% were male. Twenty-four (13.0%), 13 (7.1%), and 68 patients (37.0%) underwent operation for recurrent fistula, multiple tracts, and complex type fistula, respectively. The healing rate was 92.4%, and recurrence occurred in 15 of 170 healed patients (8.8%). Thus, the treatment success rate was 84.2%. There was no fecal incontinence except in 1 patient who had preoperative fecal incontinence because of cauda equine syndrome. In multivariable analysis of the factors affecting the treatment success rate, the complex fistula (odds ratio [OR], 14.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.7– 43.0; P < 0.001) and undetected internal opening during the operation (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.4–11.6; P = 0.012) were significant factors. @*Conclusion@#Coring-out fistulectomy is a simple and feasible technique for sphincter-preserving anal fistula surgery.

7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 234-240, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925496

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There are few reports on outcomes following surgical repair of recurrent rectal prolapse. The purpose of this study was to examine surgical outcomes for recurrent rectal prolapse. @*Methods@#We conducted a multicenter retrospective study of patients who underwent surgery for recurrent rectal prolapse. This study used data collected by the Korean Anorectal Physiology and Pelvic Floor Disorder Study Group. @*Results@#A total of 166 patients who underwent surgery for recurrent rectal prolapse were registered retrospectively between 2011 and 2016 in 8 referral hospitals. Among them, 153 patients were finally enrolled, excluding 13 patients who were not followed up postoperatively. Median follow-up duration was 40 months (range, 0.2–129.3 months). Methods of surgical repair for recurrent rectal prolapse included perineal approach (n = 96) and abdominal approach (n = 57). Postoperative complications occurred in 16 patients (10.5%). There was no significant difference in complication rate between perineal and abdominal approach groups. While patients who underwent the perineal approach were older and more fragile, patients who underwent the abdominal approach had longer operation time and admission days (P < 0.05). Overall, 29 patients (19.0%) showed re-recurrence after surgery. Among variables, none affected the re-recurrence. @*Conclusion@#For the recurrent rectal prolapse, the perineal approach is used for the old and fragile patients. The postoperative complications and re-recurrence rate between perineal and abdominal approach were not different significantly. No factor including surgical method affected re-recurrence for recurrent rectal prolapse.

8.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 166-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925418

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Local excision (LE) is an alternative initial treatment for clinical T1 rectal cancer, and has avoided potential morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of LE compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) for clinical T1 rectal cancer. @*Methods@#Between January 2000 and December 2011, we retrospectively reviewed from multicenter data in patients with clinically suspected T1 rectal cancer treated with either LE or TME. Of 1,071 patients, 106 were treated with LE and 965 were treated with TME. The data were analyzed using propensity score matching, with each group comprising 91 patients. @*Results@#After propensity score matching, the median follow-up time was 60.8 months (range, 0.6–150.6 months). After adjustment for the necessary variables, patients who underwent LE showed a significantly higher local recurrence rate than did those who underwent TME; however, there were no differences in disease-free survival and overall survival. In the multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 9.620; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.415–27.098; P<0.001) and angiolymphatic invasion (HR, 3.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.33–9.89; P=0.012) were independently associated with overall survival. However, LE was neither associated with overall survival nor disease-free survival. @*Conclusion@#LE for clinical T1 rectal cancer yielded a higher local recurrence rate than did TME. Nevertheless, LE provided comparable overall survival rate and can be proposed as an optional treatment in terms of organ-preserving strategies.

9.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 13-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897000

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long-term oncologic differences in outcome between groups of patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) colorectal cancer (CRC) and sporadic CRC with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) are the focus of investigation in the current study. @*Methods@#Patients registered in the Korean Hereditary Tumor Registry and 2 tertiary referral hospitals treated for stage I– III CRC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Detection for both groups was performed using pedigree, microsatellite instability, and mismatch repair (MMR) gene testing. Multivariate analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were conducted. @*Results@#Cases of LS (n = 77) and sporadic CRC with MSI-H (n = 96) were identified. LS CRC patients were younger in age and displayed tumor sidedness, typically involving left-sided colon and rectum, compared to patients with sporadic CRC with MSI-H. OS and DFS were lower for LS CRC relative to CRC with MSI-H (OS, 72.7% vs. 93.8%, P = 0.001; DFS, 71.4% vs. 88.5%, P = 0.001). In multivariate analyses, tumor sidedness, stage, and chemotherapy were independent factors for OS and DFS. LS CRC was a prognostic factor for poorer OS (hazard ratio, 2.740; 95% confidence interval, 1.003–7.487; P = 0.049), but not DFS. @*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that LS CRC is associated with poorer outcomes compared to sporadic CRC with MSI-H, presenting distinct clinical features. In view of the current lack of knowledge on genetic and molecular mechanisms, appropriate management taking into consideration the difficulty of identification of CRC with hypermutable tumors harboring heterogeneity is essential.

10.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 13-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889296

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long-term oncologic differences in outcome between groups of patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) colorectal cancer (CRC) and sporadic CRC with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) are the focus of investigation in the current study. @*Methods@#Patients registered in the Korean Hereditary Tumor Registry and 2 tertiary referral hospitals treated for stage I– III CRC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Detection for both groups was performed using pedigree, microsatellite instability, and mismatch repair (MMR) gene testing. Multivariate analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were conducted. @*Results@#Cases of LS (n = 77) and sporadic CRC with MSI-H (n = 96) were identified. LS CRC patients were younger in age and displayed tumor sidedness, typically involving left-sided colon and rectum, compared to patients with sporadic CRC with MSI-H. OS and DFS were lower for LS CRC relative to CRC with MSI-H (OS, 72.7% vs. 93.8%, P = 0.001; DFS, 71.4% vs. 88.5%, P = 0.001). In multivariate analyses, tumor sidedness, stage, and chemotherapy were independent factors for OS and DFS. LS CRC was a prognostic factor for poorer OS (hazard ratio, 2.740; 95% confidence interval, 1.003–7.487; P = 0.049), but not DFS. @*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that LS CRC is associated with poorer outcomes compared to sporadic CRC with MSI-H, presenting distinct clinical features. In view of the current lack of knowledge on genetic and molecular mechanisms, appropriate management taking into consideration the difficulty of identification of CRC with hypermutable tumors harboring heterogeneity is essential.

11.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 96-103, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901797

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) are rare malignant tumors arising from mesenchymal cells. The objective of this study was to review the treatment experiences and to identify prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) after primary resection and subsequent reoperations for recurrences. @*Methods@#The medical records of patients who underwent resection for RPS at our institution between June 2002 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to assess the prognostic factors for OS. @*Results@#A total of 48 patients were enrolled. On multivariable analysis in primary resection group, the FNCLCC (Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer) grade was a significant prognostic factor for OS (P=0.006). The patients who received chemotherapy after primary resection were significantly associated with poor prognosis (P=0.009). The 5-year OS rate after primary resection (n=48) were 58.1% and the 5-year cumulative reoperation rate after primary resection was 62.5%. After second resection for recurrence after primary resection (n=23), the 5-year OS rate was 64.3%. There was a tendency towards decreased surgery-free survival rate as the number of repeated resections for recurrent RPS increased. In the subset of patients (n=16) who underwent more than 3 repeated resections at our institute, the 5-year OS rate was 75.0%, indicating that repeated resections are not associated with worse outcome. @*Conclusion@#Only low tumor grade was an independent favorable prognostic factor for OS. Although the prognosis for RPS remains poor, repeated resections for recurrence are not associated with poor prognosis. Aggressive surgical strategies for recurred RPS patients are warranted.

12.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900321

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

13.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 82-89, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896951

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who have liver cirrhosis (LC) requires a thorough understanding of both diseases; however, the prognoses and postoperative outcomes of such patients remain understudied. We investigated the effect of LC on surgical and oncologic outcomes in patients with CRC, and identified prognostic factors. @*Methods@#We analyzed 453 patients with CRC and LC (CRC-LC group), 906 with CRC only (CRC group), 906 with LC only (LC group), and 1,812 healthy subjects using health insurance claim data (2008–2013). @*Results@#The CRC-LC group had a higher frequency of intensive care unit admission than the CRC group; there were no differences between the 2 groups in terms of early and late postoperative small bowel obstruction and incisional hernia. However, the 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day mortality rates were all significantly higher in the CRC-LC group. The higher Charlson comorbidity index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.127) and the lower socioeconomic status (HR, 0.985) were significant worse predictors of 5-year survival. Patients with underlying LC had a significantly higher HR in both the advanced CRC (HR, 1.858) and nonadvanced CRC (HR, 1.799) subgroups. However, the nonadvanced CRC subgroup showed a lower HR than the LC group (HR, 0.730). @*Conclusion@#Patients with CRC who had underlying LC had a lower survival rate than did those without LC, although the incidence rates of postoperative complications were not significantly different. The presence of LC was associated with a significantly lower survival rate regardless of CRC presence.

14.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896726

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 82-89, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889247

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who have liver cirrhosis (LC) requires a thorough understanding of both diseases; however, the prognoses and postoperative outcomes of such patients remain understudied. We investigated the effect of LC on surgical and oncologic outcomes in patients with CRC, and identified prognostic factors. @*Methods@#We analyzed 453 patients with CRC and LC (CRC-LC group), 906 with CRC only (CRC group), 906 with LC only (LC group), and 1,812 healthy subjects using health insurance claim data (2008–2013). @*Results@#The CRC-LC group had a higher frequency of intensive care unit admission than the CRC group; there were no differences between the 2 groups in terms of early and late postoperative small bowel obstruction and incisional hernia. However, the 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day mortality rates were all significantly higher in the CRC-LC group. The higher Charlson comorbidity index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.127) and the lower socioeconomic status (HR, 0.985) were significant worse predictors of 5-year survival. Patients with underlying LC had a significantly higher HR in both the advanced CRC (HR, 1.858) and nonadvanced CRC (HR, 1.799) subgroups. However, the nonadvanced CRC subgroup showed a lower HR than the LC group (HR, 0.730). @*Conclusion@#Patients with CRC who had underlying LC had a lower survival rate than did those without LC, although the incidence rates of postoperative complications were not significantly different. The presence of LC was associated with a significantly lower survival rate regardless of CRC presence.

16.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889022

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

17.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 96-103, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894093

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) are rare malignant tumors arising from mesenchymal cells. The objective of this study was to review the treatment experiences and to identify prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) after primary resection and subsequent reoperations for recurrences. @*Methods@#The medical records of patients who underwent resection for RPS at our institution between June 2002 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to assess the prognostic factors for OS. @*Results@#A total of 48 patients were enrolled. On multivariable analysis in primary resection group, the FNCLCC (Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer) grade was a significant prognostic factor for OS (P=0.006). The patients who received chemotherapy after primary resection were significantly associated with poor prognosis (P=0.009). The 5-year OS rate after primary resection (n=48) were 58.1% and the 5-year cumulative reoperation rate after primary resection was 62.5%. After second resection for recurrence after primary resection (n=23), the 5-year OS rate was 64.3%. There was a tendency towards decreased surgery-free survival rate as the number of repeated resections for recurrent RPS increased. In the subset of patients (n=16) who underwent more than 3 repeated resections at our institute, the 5-year OS rate was 75.0%, indicating that repeated resections are not associated with worse outcome. @*Conclusion@#Only low tumor grade was an independent favorable prognostic factor for OS. Although the prognosis for RPS remains poor, repeated resections for recurrence are not associated with poor prognosis. Aggressive surgical strategies for recurred RPS patients are warranted.

18.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892617

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

19.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 83-87, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830364

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who undergo radical surgery for rectal cancer often experience low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Symptoms of this syndrome include frequent bowel movements, gas incontinence, fecal incontinence, fragmentation, and urgency. The aim of this study was to investigate the convergent validity, discriminative validity, and reliability of the Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire. @*Methods@#The English LARS score questionnaire was translated into Korean using the forward-and-back translation method. A total of 146 patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer answered the Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire including an anchor question assessing the impact of bowel function. Participants answered the questionnaire once more after 2 weeks. @*Results@#The Korean LARS score questionnaire showed high convergent validity in terms of high correlation between the LARS score and quality of life (perfect fit 55.5% vs. moderate fit 37.6% vs. no fit 6.8%, respectively; P 8 cm; P = 0.021), and radiotherapy (32 for yes vs. 24 for no; P = 0.001). The LARS score also demonstrated high reliability at test-retest with no difference between scores at the first and second tests (intraclass correlation coefficient: Q1 = 0.932; Q2 = 0.909, Q3 = 0.944, Q4 = 0.931, and Q5 = 0.942; P < 0.001, respectively). @*Conclusion@#The Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire has proven to be a valid and reliable tool for measuring LARS in Korean patients with rectal cancer.

20.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 499-508, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786196

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but near-fatal complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Despite the high mortality rate of EPS, the surgical treatment strategy of severe EPS is yet to be established.METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of patients with EPS who underwent enterolysis for intractable EPS at Seoul National University Hospital between 2001 and 2018. EPS was diagnosed based on the clinical symptoms and radiological findings of abdominal computed tomography (CT). CT scans were scored according to an EPS scoring system that assessed peritoneal thickening and calcification as well as bowel thickening, tethering, loculation, and dilatation.RESULTS: Thirteen patients (nine males and four females; age, 48 [29–63] years) underwent enterolysis for severe EPS. PD duration (11 [6–21] years) was not associated with survival. Two patients were newly diagnosed with EPS following kidney transplantation. Five patients died of infectious complications immediately after the surgery. Eight patients survived after the first surgery; however, five of them underwent reoperation but died of persistent infection, fistula formation, or adhesive bowel obstruction. Four young (< 60 years) male patients with relatively low CT scan scores (< 13) survived for > 2 years after the first surgery. Median survival duration from EPS diagnosis was 22 (1.3–184) months and that from the first surgery was 9 (0.3–153) months.CONCLUSION: The high mortality rate of EPS suggests the importance of appropriate surgical intervention in young symptomatic male EPS patients with relatively low CT scan scores.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adhesives , Diagnosis , Dilatation , Fistula , Kidney Transplantation , Korea , Mortality , Peritoneal Dialysis , Peritoneal Fibrosis , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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