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Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119155, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154069


ABSTRACT Introduction: Shorter miniscrew implants (MSIs) are needed to make orthodontics more effective and efficient. Objective: To evaluate the stability, insertion torque, removal torque and pain associated with 3 mm long MSIs placed in humans by a novice clinician. Methods: 82 MSIs were placed in the buccal maxillae of 26 adults. Pairs of adjacent implants were immediately loaded with 100g. Subjects were recalled after 1, 3, 5, and 8 weeks to verify stability and complete questionnaires pertaining to MSI-related pain and discomfort. Results: The overall failure rate was 32.9%. The anterior and posterior MSIs failed 35.7% and 30.0% of the time, respectively. Excluding the 10 MSIs (12.2%) that were traumatically dislodged, the failure rates in the anterior and posterior sites were 30.1% and 15.2%, respectively; the overall primary failure rate was 23.6%. Failures were significantly (p= 0.010) greater (46.3% vs 19.5%) among the first 41 MSIs than the last 41 MSIs that were placed. Excluding the traumatically lost MSIs, the failures occurred on or before day 42. Subjects experienced very low pain (2.2% of maximum) and discomfort (5.5% of maximum) during the first week only. Conclusions: Shorter 3 mm MSIs placed by a novice operator are highly likely to fail. However, failure rates can be substantially decreased over time with the placement of more MSIs. Pain and discomfort experienced after placing 3 mm MSIs is minimal and temporary.

RESUMO Introdução: Mini-implantes (MIs) mais curtos são necessários para uma Ortodontia mais eficiente e efetiva. Objetivo: Avaliar a estabilidade, torque de inserção e de remoção e dor associada a MIs de 3mm instalados em humanos por um ortodontista principiante. Métodos: 82 MIs foram instalados na região vestibular da arcada superior de 26 adultos. Pares de mini-implantes adjacente receberam carga imediata de 100g. Após 1, 3, 5 e 8 semanas, os pacientes foram reavaliados para verificar a estabilidade e preencher um questionário sobre a dor e o desconforto relacionados aos MIs. Resultados: A taxa geral de falhas foi de 32,9%, sendo de 35,7% para os MIs anteriores e 30% para os MIs posteriores. Excluindo os 10 MIs que foram perdidos por trauma (12,2%), a taxa de falha nas regiões anterior e posterior foram de 30,1% e 15,2%, respectivamente e ocorreram no 420 dia ou antes. A taxa geral de falha primária foi de 23,6%. A taxa de falha foi significativamente maior (p=0,010) nos primeiros 41 MIs do que nos 41 últimos (46,3% vs. 19,5%). As experiências relacionadas à dor foram baixas (2,2% máximo), assim como ao desconforto (5,5% máximo) durante a primeira semana. Conclusão: MIs de 3mm instalados por um novato são mais propensos a falhas. Porém, as taxas de falha podem diminuir substancialmente com a instalação de mais MIs com o decorrer do tempo. A dor e o desconforto após a instalação desses dispositivos são mínimos e temporários.

Humans , Adult , Bone Screws , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Torque , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxilla/surgery
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920345


Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze the nursing activities of registered nurses working in rehabilitation units, and to investigate the application of the health insurance fee for each nursing practice. @*Methods@#Using the Delphi survey method, nursing activities were analyzed as job-task-task elements. Then, the status of the application of health insurance fees was investigated for the task elements according to National Health Insurance Benefit. @*Results@#15 jobs, 61 tasks, and 290 task elements were derived as nursing activities in rehabilitation units.According to the opinion by the expert panel, Among the 290 task elements, 166 (57.2%) out of 290 take elements should be accepted as insurance fees (fee agreement CVR≥0.56). However, the health insurance was applied to only 40 items (24.1%) for nursing management fees, 25 items for nursing care (15.1%), and 26 items for other rehabilitation related medical fees (15.7%). 82 items (49.4%) were not covered by insurance, and most educational interventions were not covered. @*Conclusion@#To provide high-quality nursing services in rehabilitation units, it is essential to apply an appropriate level of health insurance coverage. Further research to expand the application of medical fees related to rehabilitation and institutional arrangements to obtain recognition of the fees for nursing services are necessary.

Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1053-1059, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124896


The aim of this study was to evaluate the hard and soft tissue profile changes following treatment of functional and mild skeletal class III malocclusion in mixed dentition by means of the Frankel functional regulator (FR-3) appliance, and to reveal the mechanism and effectiveness of treatment with FR-3 appliance. Twenty-six patients (chronological mean age, 8.7±1.4 years; mean treatment duration, 10.3±1.3 months) with functional and mild skeletal class III malocclusion were selected and treated with FR-3 appliances. Lateral cephalogram was taken pre- and post-treatment, and the data was analyzed by paired-samples t test with SPSS22.0 software package. Differences were considered statistically significant at P < 0.05. The results demonstrated that the FR-3 appliance produced a statistically significant decrease in L1-NB, L1-MP, U1-L1 (P<0.01) and an increase greatly in ANB, MP-FH, Y axis, ANSMe, ANS-Me/N-Me and overjet (P<0.01). SNA, SNB were increased significantly (P<0.05). Meanwhile, N'-Sn-Pog', ULSn-SN, LLSiSN increased, S-N'-Si, LL-EP decreased with significant difference (P<0.01). S-N'-Sn, Cm-Sn-UL, UL-EP, Sn-Mes and Ns-Mes increased with significant difference (P<0.05). Therefore it was concluded that after FR-3 treatment, the position of mandible may rotate clockwise backwards and downwards, with the labioversion of upper incisors and linguoversion of lower incisors. Although point A moved mesially, the length and position of the maxilla did not change significantly. With the protrusion of upper lip and the retrusion of lower lip, the relationship among nose, upper lip, lower lip and chin become harmonious, the profile of soft tissue is more coordinated and attractive.

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en el perfil de los tejidos duros y blandos después del tratamiento de la maloclusión funcional y leve de la clase III esquelética en la dentición mixta mediante el aparato regulador funcional Frankel (FR-3), y revelar el mecanismo y efectividad del tratamiento con el aparato FR-3. Veintiseis pacientes (edad media 8,7 ± 1,4 años; duración media del tratamiento, 10,3 ± 1,3 meses) con maloclusión funcional y leve de clase esquelética III fueron seleccionados y tratados con aparatos FR-3. El cefalograma lateral se tomó antes y después del tratamiento, y los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba t de muestras con el software SPSS22.0. Las diferencias se consideraron estadísticamente significativas a P <0,05. Los resultados demostraron que el dispositivo FR-3 produjo una disminución estadísticamente significativa en L1-NB, L1MP, U1-L1 (P <0,01) y un gran aumento en ANB, MP-FH, eje Y, ANS-Me, ANS -Me / N-Me y overjet (P <0,01). SNA, SNB se incrementaron significativamente (P <0,05). Mientras tanto, N'Sn-Pog', ULSn-SN, LLSi-SN aumentaron, S-N'-Si, LL-EP disminuyeron con una diferencia significativa (P <0,01). S-N'-Sn, Cm-Sn-UL, UL-EP, Sn-Mes y Ns-Mes aumentaron con una diferencia significativa (P <0,05). Por lo tanto, se concluyó que después del tratamiento con FR-3, la posición de la mandíbula puede girar en sentido reloj hacia atrás y hacia abajo, con labioversión de los incisivos superiores y linguoversión de los incisivos inferiores. Aunque el punto A se movió mesialmente, la longitud y la posición del maxilar no cambiaron significativamente. Con la protuberancia del labio superior y la retrusión del labio inferior, la relación entre la nariz, el labio superior, el labio inferior y el mentón se armoniza, el perfil del tejido blando es más coordinado y atractivo.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Dentition, Mixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/pathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Cephalometry
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1245-1251, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040119


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of soft tissue thickness of upper lip on lip retraction in orthodonticaltreated females and identify the ratio of maxillary incisor retraction to upper lip retraction. Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms of 100 adults were examined to measure the lip thickness in upper lip and establish the classification standard. All subjects were treated with 4 first premolar extractions followed by upper central incisors retraction. Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms of 19 patients were reviewed to determine the changes of the upper lip and incisor positions through landmarks displacement. An independent-samples t test and one-way analysis of variance were performed. The correlations between maxillary incisor retraction and upper lip retraction were explored by the Pearson correlation method. P-values<0.05 were considered statistically significant. The lip thickness of adult male patients was greater than that of adult female patients. The average ratio of maxillary incisor retraction to upper lip repositioning was 1.6:1,1.9:1 and 2.2:1 in the thin lips group, normal lips group and thick lips group, respectively. Gender differences exist in the thickness of upper lip. Horizontal changes of the maxillary incisor showed a significant correlation to horizontal changes of the upper lip (P<0.001).There were negative correlations between the thickness of upper lip and the ratio between change in maxillary incisor protrusion and change in upper lip protrusion.

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del grosor de los tejidos blandos del labio superior, sobre la retracción del labio en mujeres tratadas con ortodoncia e identificar la proporción de retracción del diente incisivo maxilar con respecto a la retracción del labio superior. Se examinaron cefalogramas laterales, previos y posteriores al tratamiento de 100 adultos, para medir el grosor del labio superior y establecer un estándar de clasificación. Todos los sujetos fueron tratados con 4 extracciones de los primeros premolares seguidas de retracción de los incisivos centrales superiores. Se revisaron los cefalogramas laterales, previos y posteriores al tratamiento de 19 pacientes, para determinar los cambios del labio superior y las posiciones de los incisivos a través del desplazamiento de los puntos de referencia. Se realizó una prueba t de muestras independientes y un análisis de varianza de una vía. Las correlaciones entre la retracción del incisivo maxilar y la retracción del labio superior se exploraron mediante el método de correlación de Pearson. Los valores de p<0,05 fueron considerados estadísticamente significativos. El grosor de los labios de los pacientes adultos masculinos fue mayor que el de las pacientes adultas. La relación promedio de la retracción del incisivo maxilar al reposicionamiento del labio superior fue de 1,6:1,1; 9:1 y 2,2:1 en el grupo de labios delgados, grupo de labios normales y grupo de labios gruesos, respectivamente. Existen diferencias de sexo en el grosor del labio superior. Los cambios horizontales del incisivo maxilar mostraron una correlación significativa con los cambios horizontales del labio superior (P<0,001). Hubo correlaciones negativas entre el grosor del labio superior y la relación entre el cambio en la protuberancia del incisivo maxilar y el cambio en la protrusión del labio superior.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques , Connective Tissue/anatomy & histology , Lip/anatomy & histology , Orthodontics , Cephalometry , Malocclusion/therapy
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1347-1352, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040136


The objective of the study was to investigate the morphological features of the temporomandibular joint in adult patients with posterior occlusal plane and different inclinations. Fifty five skeletal I occlusion patients with average were included, shooting CBCT in the intercuspal position, divided into 3 groups according to OPP-FH angle, and measurement of the temporomandibular joint morphology was calculated with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) special software Invivo 5.0, Statistical analysis of three groups of data using SPSS23.0. The condyle usually locates in the middle of the fossa, the maximum axial area of the condyle (A) was statistically significant between the group 1 and the group 3. The internal and external diameter (MD) of the condyle was statistically significant between group 1 and group 3, and group 2 and group 3. The bilateral TMJ morphological features of the three groups were basically symmetrical. The position of the condyle in the fossa is mostly centered, and some of the posterior, the maximum axial area and the internal and external diameter of the condyle are different in three groups.

El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar las características morfológicas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) en pacientes adultos con plano oclusal posterior y diferentes inclinaciones. Se incluyeron 55 pacientes con oclusión esquelética tipo I, visualizados por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) en posición intercuspiana, y se dividieron en 3 grupos según el ángulo OPP-FH. La medición morfológica de la articulación temporomandibular se calculó con CBCT y mediante el software especial Invivo 5.0. El análisis estadístico de datos se realizó con el software SPSS 23.0. El cóndilo de la mandíbula generalmente se ubica en el centro de la fosa; el área axial máxima del cóndilo de la mandíbula (A) fue estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos 1 y 3. Los datos de los diámetros medial y lateral (DM) del cóndilo de la mandíbula fueron estadísticamente significativos entre los grupos 1 y 3 y los grupos 2 y 3. Las características morfológicas de la ATM de los tres grupos fueron básicamente simétricas. La posición del cóndilo de la mandíbula en la fosa fue principalmente centrada, y parte del área axial máxima, posterior y los diámetros medial y lateral del cóndilo de la mandíbula fueron diferentes en los tres grupos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Dental Occlusion , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1386-1393, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975713


This study aimed to establish three-dimensional finite element models of micro-implants-lingual straight wire appliance and to investigate the effects of different wire patterns on the initial displacement of the maxillary anterior teeth and the stress of the periodontal ligament and tooth root during retracting maxillary anterior teeth in lingual orthodontics. A three-dimensional geometric models of maxilla with maxillary dentition was established using Cone-beam CT scan .Three types of maxilla models including microimplants and Duet-Slot Lingual Bracket appliance with three different arch wires ( model A: 0.016 inch × 0.022 inch stainless steel square wire; modelB: 0.016 inch stainless steel round wire; model C: double wire of 0.016 inch × 0.022 inch stainless steel square wire + anterior teeth 0.016 inch stainless steel round wire) were assembled by Unigraphics NX 8.5 software. The labial intrusion force and lingual retraction force were simulatively loaded to obtain initial displacement of the anterior teeth and the stresses of each tooth root and periodontal ligament, using three-dimensional finite element calculation software Ansys Workbench 15. The initial displacement of the lateral incisors was close to the bodily movement; and central incisors and lateral incisors slightly extruded. Compared with group A and group C, canine teeth appeared obviously horizontal "arched effect" by crown labial tipping in group B. The stress distribution of the tooth root and periodontal ligament was minimal and uniform in the group C. The 0.016 × 0.022- in stainless steel rectangular wire combined with 0.016- in stainless steel round wire used in the anterior teeth can better control the torque of the maxillary anterior teeth for space close in lingual orthodontics. Moreover, the stress distribution of tooth root and periodontal ligament is even, which is difficult to damage the periodontal ligament or result in external resorption of tooth root.

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo establecer modelos tridimensionales de elementos finitos de microimplantes linguales de alambre recto e investigar los efectos de diferentes patrones de alambre en el desplazamiento inicial de los dientes maxilares anteriores y el estrés del ligamento periodontal y la raíz del diente durante la retracción lingual sobre los dientes anteriores del hueso maxilar en ortodoncia. Se establecieron modelos geométricos tridimensionales del hueso maxilar con dentición utilizando una exploración por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. Tres tipos de modelos maxilares, incluidos los microimplantes y el dispositivo Duet-Slot Lingual Bracket con tres arcos diferentes (modelo A: 0.016 pulgada × 0.022 pulgada alambre cuadrado de acero inoxidable; modelo B: alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgadas; alambre cuadrado de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgada × 0.022 pulgada y alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgada) ensamblados por el software Unigraphics NX 8.5. La fuerza de intrusión labial y la fuerza de retracción lingual se cargó simultáneamente, para obtener el desplazamiento inicial de los dientes anteriores y las tensiones de cada raíz dental y ligamento periodontal, usando el software tridimensional de cálculo de elementos finitos Ansys Workbench 15. El desplazamiento inicial de los incisivos laterales se relacionaba al movimiento corporal; mientra que los incisivos centrales e incisivos laterales se mostraron ligeramente extruidos. Comparado con el grupo A y el grupo C, los dientes caninos presentaron un "efecto arqueado" horizontal por la inclinación labial de la corona en el grupo B. La distribución del estrés de la raíz del diente y el ligamento periodontal fue mínima y uniforme en el grupo C. El alambre rectangular de acero inoxidable combinado con el alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 usado en los dientes anteriores puede controlar mejor el torque de los dientes maxilares anteriores para cerrar el espacio en ortodoncia lingual. Además, la distribución del estrés de la raíz del diente y del ligamento periodontal es pareja, lo que dificulta dañar el ligamento periodontal o provocar una resorción externa de la raíz del diente.

Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth Movement Techniques , Orthodontic Brackets , Finite Element Analysis , Stainless Steel , Stress, Mechanical , Tongue , Biomechanical Phenomena , Materials Testing , Maxilla
Int. j. morphol ; 36(2): 430-434, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954132


The objective of the study was to investigate the morphological changes of skeletal class III malocclusion in mixed dentition with light force protraction combined activities. Randomly selected 30 cases of orthodontics in Shanxi Medical University orthodontics patients (ages: 6-10 years) of the lateral cephalograms. Using the oral maxillary casting type of pre-traction device, according to the condition of maxillary dentition to select the corresponding activities of the movable expansion appliance, each side of the force of about 150-200 g, requiring patients to wear 10-12 hours a day, the appliance should be removed after reaching normal occlusion. The correlation cephalometric profile of the cranial lateral radiographs before and after orthodontic treatment was measured. All patients with skeletal class III malocclusion were improved, concave type became direct type, measurements SNA, ANB, A-Ptm, MP-SN, ANS-Me/N-Me increased, maxillary advancement and reconstruction are more obvious; mandible rotates clockwise; the increase of lip inclination of anterior teeth compensatory changes, lower anterior tooth inclination changes smaller; upper lip forward, nasolabial angle decreased, improved appearance significantly. Light force protraction combined activities can make the mixed dentition of skeletal class III malocclusion in patients with significant improvement in profile appearance.

El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los cambios morfológicos de la maloclusión clase esquelética III, en la dentición mixta, con actividades combinadas de protracción de la fuerza ligera. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 30 casos de ortodoncia en pacientes de ortodoncia de la Universidad Médica de Shanxi (edades: 6-10 años) a partir de cefalogramas laterales, utilizando el tipo de dispositivo de pretracción de vaciado maxilar oral, de acuerdo con la condición de la dentición maxilar para seleccionar las actividades correspondientes del dispositivo de expansión móvil, cada lado con fuerza de alrededor de 150-200 g, requiriendo que los pacientes los utilizaran de 10 a 12 horas al día. El dispositivo debía ser retirado después de alcanzar la oclusión normal. Se midió el perfil cefalométrico de correlación de las radiografías laterales craneales, antes y después del tratamiento ortodóncico. Se observó mejoramiento en todos los pacientes con maloclusión de clase esquelética. Las mediciones SNA, ANB, APtm, MP-SN, ANS-Me / N-Me aumentaron, el avance y la reconstrucción maxilar fueron los cambios más significativos; la mandíbula giró en el sentido de las agujas del reloj, se observó un aumento de la inclinación labial de los dientes anteriores. Fue reducida la inclinación anterior del diente inferior, el ángulo nasolabial disminuyó y en general mejoró significativamente la apariencia. Las actividades combinadas de protrusión de la fuerza radiante pueden llevar a una mejora signficativa en el perfil de pacientes con dentición mixta de maloclusión clase III.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Palatal Expansion Technique , Dentition, Mixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/pathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Cephalometry , Extraoral Traction Appliances
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1224-1229, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893118


SUMMARY: Model analysis was performed to identify palatal rugae anatomical morphology patterns, evaluate their individual-specific properties and stability before and after orthodontic treatments, and investigate their reliability in the use for individual identification from the perspective of forensic dentistry. Maxillary models of 70 patients were collected before and after orthodontic treatments, palatine images were taken under standard conditions. Pattern-based individual identification was performed through measuring some indices including changes in number, orientation, shape, and length of palatal rugae, as well as mesial and distal endpoint displacement of palatal rugae in the anteroposterior (AP) and mesiodistal (MD) direction. At the same time, maxillary models of 10 patients were randomly selected for individuality confirmation and the average rate of correct matches was calculated. palatal rugae anatomical morphology patterns were highly individual-specific. Palatine of the same pattern were not found before or after orthodontic treatment. Model-based analysis confirmed the high individual-specificity properties of the palatal rugae anatomical morphology patterns, and also showed that the incidence of any morphological change in the patterns after orthodontic treatment was 45.7 % for anteroposterior displacement of the distal endpoint of palatal rugae, 40 % for mesiodistal displacement of the distal endpoint of palatine, 32.9 % for anteroposterior displacement of the mesial endpoint of palatal rugae, and 17.1 % for mesiodistal displacement of the mesial endpoint of palatal rugae. The incidence of change in length, orientation and shape of palatine after orthodontic treatment was 28.6 %, 1.4 % and 1.4 % respectively; and the incidence of palatal segmentation and unification after orthodontic treatment was 4.3 % and 2.9 % respectively. The mean percentage of correct matches of the palatine patterns after orthodontic treatment to their duplicates was 99.05 % and the mean percentage of correct matches of the palatine patterns between before and after orthodontic treatment was 92.19 %. Palatal rugae anatomical morphology patterns are unique to each individual. After orthodontic treatment, palatal rugae have diverse presentation patterns. Although the diverse palatine patterns to a certain degree, influence individual identification in the field of forensic identification, palatal rugae patterns can be used as a novel method for individual identification in forensic dentistry.

RESUMEN: Se realizó un análisis de modelo para identificar los patrones de morfología anatómica de las rugosidades palatinas, evaluar sus propiedades individuales y estabilidad antes y después de los tratamientos ortodónticos e investigar su fiabilidad en el uso para la identificación individual desde la perspectiva de la odontología forense. Se recogieron modelos maxilares de 70 pacientes, antes y después de tratamientos ortodónticos, y se tomaron imágenes palatinas bajo condiciones estándar. La identificación individual basada en patrones se realizó a través de la medición de algunos índices incluyendo cambios en el número, orientación, forma y longitud de las rugas palatinas, así como el desplazamiento mesial y distal del punto final de las rugas palatinas en dirección antero-posterior (AP) y mesiodistal (MD). Al mismo tiempo, los modelos maxilares de 10 pacientes fueron seleccionados aleatoriamente para la confirmación de la individualidad y se calculó la tasa promedio de coincidencias correctas. Los patrones de morfología anatómica de las rugas palatinas eran altamente específicos de cada individuo. Una ruga palatina del mismo patrón no se encontró antes o después del tratamiento ortodóncico. El análisis basado en modelos confirmó las altas propiedades individuales de los patrones de morfología anatómica de las rugas palatinas y también mostró que la incidencia de cualquier cambio morfológico en los patrones después del tratamiento ortodóncico fue del 45,7 % en el desplazamiento anteroposterior de la porción distal de las rugas palatinas. Los porcentajes para el desplazamiento mesiodistal de la porción distal de la ruga palatina fue del 40 %, el desplazamiento anteroposterior del extremo mesial de las rugas palatinas presentó un porcentaje del 32,9 %, y 17,1 % para el desplazamiento mesiodistal del extremo mesial de las rugas palatinas. La incidencia de cambio de longitud, orientación y forma de la ruga palatina después del tratamiento ortodóncico fue de 28,6 %, 1,4 % y 1,4 %, respectivamente; la incidencia de segmentación y unificación de rugas palatinas después del tratamiento ortodóncico fue de 4,3 % y 2,9 % respectivamente. El porcentaje medio de coincidencias de los patrones de rugas palatinas después del tratamiento ortodóncico con sus duplicados fue del 99,05 % y el porcentaje medio de coincidencias correctas de los patrones de las rugas palatinas antes y después del tratamiento ortodóncico fue del 92,19 %. Los patrones de morfología anatómica de las rugas palatinas son únicos para cada individuo. Después de un tratamiento ortodóncico, las rugas palatinas presentan diversos patrones. No obstante, los diversos patrones de rugas palatinas influyen en cierto grado en la identificación individual forense; los patrones de las rugas palatinas pueden ser usados como un nuevo método para la identificación individual en odontología forense.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Orthodontics , Palate, Hard/anatomy & histology , Forensic Dentistry
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1328-1331, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893136


SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to compare the Primary and Secondary stability of immediate implant placement with Alveolar Ridge Augmentation (ARA) and Strontium Ranelate (SR) as aids to enhance the stability using Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA). Fifty eight subjects ideal for immediate implants were assigned to two groups to compare the primary and secondary stability of the implant using Alveolar Ridge Augmentation and oral strontium ranelate. They were tested for primary stability on placement of the implant and after eight weeks of placement for secondary stability. The stability was measured using resonance frequency analysis. Both the procedures showed an improvement in the stability but the Alveolar Ridge Augmentation procedure showed a significantly better primary stability (P< .03) and the secondary stability (P<.00). The means of the implant stability quotient value (ISQ) for the Alveolar ridge augmentation procedure was 74.2 for primary stability, and 83.34 for secondary stability. With the enhancement of stability with both the procedures Alveolar Ridge Augmentation proved to be a better procedure to achieve successful results of an immediately placed implant.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la estabilidad primaria y secundaria de la colocación inmediata del implante con el aumento de reborde alveolar (ARA) y el ranelato de estroncio (SR) como ayudas para mejorar la estabilidad mediante el análisis de frecuencia de resonancia (RFA). Cincuenta y ocho sujetos, ideales para implantes inmediatos, fueron asignados a dos grupos para comparar las estabilidades primaria y secundaria del implante usando el aumento del reborde alveolar y el ranelato de estroncio oral. Se efectuaron pruebas de estabilidad primaria en la colocación del implante, y después de ocho semanas para la estabilidad secundaria. La estabilidad se midió utilizando análisis de frecuencia de resonancia. Ambos procedimientos mostraron una mejora en la estabilidad, sin embargo el procedimiento del aumento del reborde alveolar mostró una estabilidad primaria significativamente mejor (P <0,03) que la estabilidad secundaria (P <0,00). Las medias del valor de cociente de estabilidad del implante (ISQ) para el procedimiento de aumento de reborde alveolar fueron 74,2 para la estabilidad primaria y 83,34 para la estabilidad secundaria. Se observó una mejora de la estabilidad en ambos procedimientos, el aumento del reborde alveolar demostró ser un mejor procedimiento para lograr resultados exitosos del posicionamiento de implante inmediato.

Thiophenes/pharmacology , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Osseointegration
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58766


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the significant factors for risk estimate of aspiration and to evaluate the efficiency of the dysphagia assessment tool. METHODS: A consecutive series of 210 stroke patients with aspiration symptoms such as cough and dysphagia who had soft or regular diet without tube feeding were examined. The dysphagia assessment tool for aspiration was compared with videofluoroscopy using Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. RESULTS: In CART analysis, of 34 factors, the significant factors for estimating risk of aspiration were cough during swallowing, oral stasis, facial symmetry, salivary drooling, and cough after swallowing. The risk estimate error of the revised dysphagia assessment tool was 25.2%, equal to that of videofluoroscopy. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the dysphagia assessment tool developed and examined in this study was potentially useful in the clinical field and the primary risk estimating factor was cough during swallowing. Oral stasis, facial symmetry, salivary drooling, cough after swallowing were other significant factors, and based on these results, the dysphagia assessment tool for aspiration was revised and complemented.

Adult , Aged , Cough , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/complications , Facial Asymmetry , Female , Fluoroscopy/methods , Humans , Inhalation , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Assessment , Stroke/complications
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198447


PURPOSE: Bell's palsy is defined as an idiopathic facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. In spite of intensive clinical and experimental investigation, there is still uncertainty in the incidence, etiology, and preferred mode of treatment in children.The objective of this study was to analyze clinical outcome and prognosis of children with Bell' palsy. METHODS: We analyzed 61 cases of Bell's palsy diagnosed at the Department of Wonkwang University Hospital from January 1998 to July 2006. The inclusion criteria were any children with acute isolated unilateral lower motor neuron type of facial nerve palsy. The clinical findings and investigations were reviewed including age, sex, affected site, seasonal incidence and result of steroid treatment. Chi-square and Fisher's exact test was used to compare clinical outcome between duration of complete recovery and age. RESULTS: There was no difference in incidence according to sex or age. Incidence was higher in summer and winter. There was no difference in complete recovery rate and duration between steroid treated group and control group. In the group of children younger than 6 years, duration of complete recovery was shorter than older children. CONCLUSION: We found increasing the incidence of Bell's palsy in summer and winter. Children younger than 6 years had shorter duration in complete recovery.

Bell Palsy , Child , Facial Nerve , Humans , Incidence , Motor Neurons , Paralysis , Prognosis , Seasons , Uncertainty
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98711


PURPOSE: Hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice and gallbladder hydrops are unusual manifestations of Kawasaki disease (KD). In this case, abdominal pain, anorexia and abdominal distension may follow eventfully. We reviewed the clinical and laboratory data to investigate the causative factors of hyperbilirubinemia in patients with KD. METHODS: Two-hundred eighty two children diagnosed and hospitalized with KD were identified by searching patients' charts. Cases were included in the study if diagnosed between January 1997 and December 2004. We reviewed clinical data, age, sex, duration from the onset of fever to admission and duration from start of treatment to defervescence. Clinical and laboratory data were compared between normal (A) and hyperbilirubinemia (B) groups. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (4.6 percent) showed hyperbilirubinemia. In the hyperbilirubinemia group, age and initial ALT value were higher than group A (P=0.003, 0.018 respectively). Duration from the onset of fever to admission and age were relative risk factors in hyperbilirubinemia (P=0.007, 0.003 respectively) in patients with KD. CONCLUSION: Shorter duration from the onset of fever to admission and older age group were relative risk factors of hyperbilirubinemia in patients with KD.

Abdominal Pain , Anorexia , Child , Edema , Fever , Gallbladder , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Jaundice , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Risk Factors
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151850


PURPOSE: Low dose aspirin is used due to its antiplatelet effect for the subacute phase of Kawasaki disease(KD). It is usually used for 6-8 weeks, then various hematologic laboratory tests and follow up echocardiography for evaluating coronary abnormalities are performed. Our review investigated the usefulness of various follow up laboratory tests performed at 6 weeks after the onset of KD. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-two children diagnosed and hospitalized with KD were identified by reviewing patient's charts. Cases which were diagnosed between January 1997 and December 2004 were included in this study. We reviewed laboratory data including leukocytes, platelet counts, antistreptolysin O(ASO), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), urinalysis, and echocardiograms performed at admission and 6 weeks after the onset of KD. Paired t-test and Fisher's exact test, as well as logistic regression tests, were used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: At 6th week data, ESR and CRP were still elevated in 35(12.4 percent) and 12(4.3 percent) patients, respectively. Sterile pyuria were all normalized. But, 36 patients(12.8 percent) showed thrombocytosis, 22(7.8 percent) elevated AST, 15(5.3 percent) leukocytosis, and 6(2.1 percent) coronary abnormalities. Coronary abnormalities at the 6th week were only shown in patients with initial abnormalites. Younger age and initial thrombocytosis were risk factors for thrombocytosis at the 6th week. CONCLUSION: All children with initial coronary abonormalites should have an echocardiogram at 6 weeks after the onset of fever. In view of case-effectiveness, additional echocardiographic studies are justified only if abnormalities are present at admission. ESR, CRP, and urinalysis performed at the 6 weeks after onset of KD is not significant for clinical information of progression. Platelet count should be estimated at 6th week for a judgement of continuous antiplatelet therapy.

Alanine , Antistreptolysin , Aspartic Acid , Aspirin , Blood Sedimentation , Child , Echocardiography , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukocytes , Leukocytosis , Logistic Models , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Platelet Count , Pyuria , Risk Factors , Thrombocytosis , Urinalysis
Ortodoncia ; 67(134): 24-33, jul.-dic. 2003. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-360168


Considerar o no la tercera ley de Newton -acción y reacción- puede ser la diferencia entre planear y lograr. Es la falta de anclaje en cualquiera de los planos del espacio lo que limita en muchos casos la búsqueda de objetivos ideales. Un anclaje no dentario, como un implante, amplía considerablemente las posibilidades de lograr tales objetivos. En el presente trabajo, además de una breve reseña sobre la evolución en la búsqueda del anclaje no dentario, se mostrará el protocolo de inserción de los microimplantes, así como aplicaciones clínicas de los mismos.

Humans , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/trends , Tooth Movement Techniques , Biomechanical Phenomena , Clinical Protocols , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Molar , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Tooth Root/physiology
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126179


We experienced a case of congenital rubella syndrome manifesting patent ductus arteriosus, petechiae, microcephaly, intrauterine growth retardation, and hepatomegaly in one-day-old female newborn infant. Congenital rubella syndrome was confirmed by positive results of anti-rubella IgM in the sera of patient. Anti-rubella IgM was negative in the sera of mother, while anti-rubella IgG was positive.

Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hepatomegaly , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Infant, Newborn , Microcephaly , Mothers , Purpura , Rubella Syndrome, Congenital