Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 91
Filter
1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 279-290, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966470

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Renal tumors account for approximately 7% of all childhood cancers. These include Wilms tumor (WT), clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK), malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney (MRTK), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) and other rare tumors. We investigated the epidemiology of pediatric renal tumors in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#From January 2001 to December 2015, data of pediatric patients (0–18 years) newly-diagnosed with renal tumors at 26 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. @*Results@#Among 439 patients (male, 240), the most common tumor was WT (n=342, 77.9%), followed by RCC (n=36, 8.2%), CCSK (n=24, 5.5%), MRTK (n=16, 3.6%), CMN (n=12, 2.7%), and others (n=9, 2.1%). Median age at diagnosis was 27.1 months (range 0-225.5) and median follow-up duration was 88.5 months (range 0-211.6). Overall, 32 patients died, of whom 17, 11, 1, and 3 died of relapse, progressive disease, second malignant neoplasm, and treatment-related mortality. Five-year overall survival and event free survival were 97.2% and 84.8% in WT, 90.6% and 82.1% in RCC, 81.1% and 63.6% in CCSK, 60.3% and 56.2% in MRTK, and 100% and 91.7% in CMN, respectively (p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The pediatric renal tumor types in Korea are similar to those previously reported in other countries. WT accounted for a large proportion and survival was excellent. Non-Wilms renal tumors included a variety of tumors and showed inferior outcome, especially MRTK. Further efforts are necessary to optimize the treatment and analyze the genetic characteristics of pediatric renal tumors in Korea.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e393-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831569

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) constitutes 10%–20% of all malignant lymphomas and has a high cure rate (5-year survival, around 90%). Recently, interest has increased concerning preventing secondary complications (secondary cancer, endocrine disorders) in long-term survivors. We aimed to study the epidemiologic features and therapeutic outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 224 patients aged < 25 years diagnosed with HL at 22 participating institutes in Korea from January 2007 to August 2016. @*Results@#A higher percentage of males was diagnosed at a younger age. Nodular sclerosis histopathological HL subtype was most common, followed by mixed cellularity subtype.Eighty-one (36.2%), 101 (45.1%), and 42 (18.8%) patients were classified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively. Doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine was the most common protocol (n = 102, 45.5%). Event-free survival rate was 86.0% ± 2.4%, while five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.1% ± 1.4%: 98.7% ± 1.3%, 97.7% ± 1.6%, and 86.5% ± 5.6% in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively (P = 0.021). Five-year OS was worse in patients with B-symptoms, stage IV disease, highrisk, splenic involvement, extra-nodal lymphoma, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase level.In multivariate analysis, B-symptoms and extra-nodal involvement were prognostic factors for poor OS. Late complications of endocrine disorders and secondary malignancy were observed in 17 and 6 patients, respectively. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study on the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. Future prospective studies are indicated to develop therapies that minimize treatment toxicity while maximizing cure rates in children, adolescents, and young adults with HL.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 357-367, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719418

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dexrazoxane has been used as an effective cardioprotector against anthracycline cardiotoxicity. This study intended to analyze cardioprotective efficacy and secondary malignancy development, and elucidate risk factors for secondary malignancies in dexrazoxane-treated pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from 15 hospitals in Korea. Patients who received any anthracyclines, and completed treatment without stem cell transplantation were included. For efficacy evaluation, the incidence of cardiac events and cardiac event-free survival rates were compared. Data about risk factors of secondary malignancies were collected. RESULTS: Data of total 1,453 cases were analyzed; dexrazoxane with every anthracyclines group (D group, 1,035 patients) and no dexrazoxane group (non-D group, 418 patients). Incidence of the reported cardiac events was not statistically different between two groups; however, the cardiac event-free survival rate of patients with more than 400 mg/m2 of anthracyclines was significantly higher in D group (91.2% vs. 80.1%, p=0.04). The 6-year cumulative incidence of secondary malignancy was not different between both groups after considering follow-up duration difference (non-D, 0.52%±0.37%; D, 0.60%±0.28%; p=0.55). The most influential risk factor for secondary malignancy was the duration of anthracycline administration according to multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Dexrazoxane had an efficacy in lowering cardiac event-free survival rates in patients with higher cumulative anthracyclines. As a result of multivariate analysis for assessing risk factors of secondary malignancy, the occurrence of secondary malignancy was not related to dexrazoxane administration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anthracyclines , Cardiotoxicity , Dexrazoxane , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 97-101, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Infants with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) are at increased risk of high risk bleeding and vaccination-associated ITP. Infants with ITP respond favorably to treatment and are less likely to develop chronic ITP compared to older children. However the characteristics of this entity in infants have rarely been analyzed. We investigated the clinical characteristics and response to treatment of newly diagnosed ITP in infants under 1 year of age. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of newly diagnosed ITP infants between 1 month to 11 months of age at Chonbuk National University Hospital from 2002 to 2017. The demographics, complete blood count, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute neutrophil count, vaccination history, upper respiratory infection, viral study (cytomegalovirus) and treatment of patients with ITP were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients satisfied the criteria for newly diagnosed ITP. Of these patients, 83 were in complete remission, 6 were in persistent remission, and 2 progressed to chronic ITP. As a result of the study, 57 patients (67%) were male. 71 patients (83.5%) were secondary ITP. Among secondary ITP, vaccination related ITP was the most common cause with 60 patients (84.5%). The mean at diagnosis was 4.3±3.2 month. There was no statistically significant difference in ALC between the time of diagnosis and treatment. Hemoglobin was 10.8 g/dL at diagnosis and increased significantly to 12.3 g/dL after treatment. CONCLUSION: Ninety-seven percent of ITP patients diagnosed under 1 year of age were in remission.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Male , Blood Cell Count , Demography , Diagnosis , Hemorrhage , Lymphocyte Count , Medical Records , Neutrophils , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Vaccination
5.
Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism ; : 88-93, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714973

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical characteristics of patients who developed thyroid dysfunction and evaluated the risk factors for hypothyroidism following radiotherapy and chemotherapy in pediatric patients with medulloblastoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). METHODS: The medical records of 66 patients (42 males) treated for medulloblastoma (n=56) or PNET (n=10) in childhood between January 2000 and December 2014 at Seoul National University Children’s Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 21 patients (18 high-risk medulloblastoma and 3 PNET) underwent high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell rescue (HDCT/ASCR) RESULTS: During the median 7.6 years of follow-up, 49 patients (74%) developed transient (n=12) or permanent (n=37) hypothyroidism at a median 3.8 years of follow-up (2.9–4.6 years). Younger age ( < 5 years) at radiation exposure (P=0.014 vs. ≥9 years) and HDCT (P=0.042) were significantly predictive for hypothyroidism based on log-rank test. However, sex, type of tumor, and dose of craniospinal irradiation (less vs. more than 23.4 Gy) were not significant predictors. Cox proportional hazard model showed that both younger age (< 5 years) at radiation exposure (hazard ratio [HR], 3.1; vs. ≥9 years; P=0.004) and HDCT (HR, 2.4; P=0.010) were significant predictors of hypothyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: Three-quarters of patients with pediatric medulloblastoma or PNET showed thyroid dysfunction, and over half had permanent thyroid dysfunction. Thus, frequent monitoring of thyroid function is mandatory in all patients treated for medulloblastoma or PNET, especially, in very young patients and/or high-risk patients recommended for HDCT/ASCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Craniospinal Irradiation , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hypothyroidism , Medical Records , Medulloblastoma , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive , Pediatrics , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiation Exposure , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seoul , Stem Cells , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 495-505, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714223

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation and amplification, ALK protein expression, loss of the nuclear alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX) protein, and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) protein expressionwere studied to investigate potential correlations between these molecular characteristics and clinical features or outcomes in neuroblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients were enrolled in this study. Polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing were used for mutation analysis. ALK and MYCN amplifications were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Protein expressionwas evaluated by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. RESULTS: ALK mutation was found in only two patients (4.1%); ALK amplification was not detected. ALK positivity, loss of nuclear ATRX protein, TERT positivity by IHC were detected in 40 (55.6%), nine (13.0%), and 42 (59.2%) patients, respectively. The incidence of ALK expression increased in accordance with increasing tumor stage (p=0.001) and risk group (p < 0.001). The relapse rate was significantly higher in ALK+ patients compared to that of other patients (47.5% vs. 11.3%, p=0.007). However, there was no significant difference in relapse rate when the survival analysis was confined to the high-risk patients. CONCLUSION: Although ALK mutation was rare and no amplification was observed, ALK protein expression was found in a significant number of patients and was correlated with advanced stage and high-risk neuroblastoma. ALK protein expression could be considered as a marker related to the aggressive neuroblastoma, but it was not the independent prognostic factor for the outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorescence , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Incidence , Lymphoma , Neuroblastoma , Phosphotransferases , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Telomerase , Telomere
7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 823-834, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715975

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Mercaptopurine (MP) is one of the main chemotherapeutics for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To improve treatment outcomes, constant MP dose titration is essential to maintain steady drug exposure, while minimizing myelosuppression. We performed two-stage analyses to identify genetic determinants of MP-related neutropenia in Korean pediatric ALL patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Targeted sequencing of 40 patients who exhibited definite MP intolerance was conducted using a novel panel of 211 pharmacogenetic-related genes, and subsequent analysis was performed with 185 patients. RESULTS: Using bioinformatics tools and genetic data, four functionally interesting variants were selected (ABCC4, APEX1, CYP1A1, and CYP4F2). Including four variants, 23 variants in 12 genes potentially linked to MP adverse reactions were selected as final candidates for subsequent analysis in 185 patients. Ultimately, a variant allele in APEX1 rs2307486was found to be strongly associated with MP-induced neutropenia that occurred within 28 days of initiating MP (odds ratio, 3.44; p=0.02). Moreover, the cumulative incidence of MP-related neutropenia was significantly higher in patients with APEX1 rs2307486 variants, as GG genotypes were associated with the highest cumulative incidence (p < 0.01). NUDT15 rs116855232 variants were strongly associated with a higher cumulative incidence of neutropenia (p < 0.01), and a lower median dose of tolerated MP throughout maintenance treatment (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: We have identified that APEX1 rs2307486 variants conferred an increased risk of MP-related early onset neutropenia. APEX1 and NUDT15 both contribute to cell protection from DNA damage or misincorporation, so alleles that impair the function of either gene may affect MP sensitivities, thereby inducing MP-related neutropenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mercaptopurine , Alleles , Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Cytoprotection , DNA Damage , Genotype , Incidence , Neutropenia , Pediatrics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
8.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 21-25, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172666

ABSTRACT

Severe hypercalcemia is rarely encountered in children, even though serum calcium concentrations above 15-16 mg/dL could be life-threatening. We present a patient having severe hypercalcemia and azotemia. A 14-year-old boy with no significant past medical history was referred to our hospital with hypercalcemia and azotemia. Laboratory and imaging studies excluded hyperparathyroidism and solid tumor. Other laboratory findings including a peripheral blood profile were unremarkable. His hypercalcemia was not improved with massive hydration, diuretics, or even hemodialysis, but noticeably reversed with administration of calcitonin. A bone marrow biopsy performed to rule out the possibility of hematological malignancy revealed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. His hypercalcemia and azotemia resolved shortly after initiation of induction chemotherapy. Results in this patient indicate that a hematological malignancy could present with severe hypercalcemia even though blast cells have not appeared in the peripheral blood. Therefore, extensive evaluation to determine the cause of hypercalcemia is necessary. Additionally, appropriate treatment, viz., hydration or administration of calcitonin is important to prevent complications of severe hypercalcemia, including renal failure and nephrocalcinosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Azotemia , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Calcitonin , Calcium , Diuretics , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hypercalcemia , Hyperparathyroidism , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia , Nephrocalcinosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency
9.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 446-449, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168470

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans
10.
Pediatric Infection & Vaccine ; : 71-78, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89169

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the pathogens of blood stream infection (BSI) in children with hemato-oncologic disorders, to analyze susceptibility patterns of microorganisms to guide empirical antimicrobial therapy, and to compare temporal trends of the pathogen and antimicrobial susceptibility with those of previous studies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of children with hemato-oncologic disorders whose blood culture grew pathogens at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 167 patients developed 221 episodes of bacteremia. Among 229 pathogens, gram-negative bacteria (GNB) accounted for 69.0% (64.0% in 2002 to 2005, 63.4% in 2006 to 2010); gram-positive bacteria (GPB) accounted for 28.8% (31.3% in 2002 to 2005, 34.6% in 2006 to 2010); and fungus accounted for 2.2%. Among GNB, Klebsiella species (53.2%, 84/158) and Escherichia coli (19.6%, 31/158) were common. Staphylococcus aureus (48.5%, 32/66) and viridans streptococci (21.2%, 14/66) were frequently isolated among GPB. The susceptibilities of oxacillin and vancomycin in GPB were 54.8% and 96.9% (51.5% and 95.5% in 2002 to 2005; 34.1% and 90.5% in 2006 to 2010), respectively, whereas in GNB, the susceptibilities of cefotaxime, piperacillin/tazobactam, and imipenem were 73.2%, 77.2%, and 92.6% (75.9%, 82.8%, and 93.4% in 2002 to 2005; 62.8%, 82.9%, 93.8% and in 2006 to 2010), respectively. There were no significant differences in the proportion of etiologic agents or the antimicrobial susceptibilities between the current study and that of the previous two studies from 2002 to 2010. Overall fatality rate was 13.1%. CONCLUSIONS: GNB predominated in BSI among children with hemato-oncologic disorders. The etiology of bacteremia and antimicrobial susceptibility were comparable to those of the previous studies. Thus, piperacillin/tazobactam can be used as the initial empirical antimicrobial agent in febrile neutropenia.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bacteremia , Cefotaxime , Escherichia coli , Febrile Neutropenia , Fungi , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Imipenem , Klebsiella , Korea , Medical Records , Oxacillin , Retrospective Studies , Rivers , Seoul , Staphylococcus aureus , Vancomycin , Viridans Streptococci
11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 642-649, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49314

ABSTRACT

This multicenter, prospective trial was conducted to develop an effective and safe reinduction regimen for marrow-relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by modifying the dose of idarubicin. Between 2006 and 2009, the trial accrued 44 patients, 1 to 21 years old with first marrow-relapsed ALL. The reinduction regimen comprised prednisolone, vincristine, L-asparaginase, and idarubicin (10 mg/m²/week). The idarubicin dose was adjusted according to the degree of myelosuppression. The second complete remission (CR2) rate was 72.7%, obtained by 54.2% of patients with early relapse < 24 months after initial diagnosis and 95.0% of those with late relapse (P = 0.002). Five patients entered remission with extended treatment, resulting in a final CR2 rate of 84.1%. The CR2 rate was not significantly different according to the idarubicin dose. The induction death rate was 2.3% (1/44). The 5-year event-free and overall survival rates were 22.2% ± 6.4% and 27.3% ± 6.7% for all patients, 4.2% ± 4.1% and 8.3% ± 5.6% for early relapsers, and 43.8% ± 11.4% and 50.0% ± 11.2% for late relapsers, respectively. Early relapse and slow response to reinduction chemotherapy were predictors of poor outcomes. In conclusion, a modified dose of idarubicin was effectively incorporated into the reinduction regimen for late marrow-relapsed ALL with a low toxic death rate. However, the CR2 rate for early relapsers was suboptimal, and the second remission was not durable in most patients.

12.
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : S57-S59, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201861

ABSTRACT

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency disease caused by impaired phagocytic function. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a definitive cure for CGD; however, the use of HSCT is limited because of associated problems, including transplantation-related mortality and engraftment failure. We report a case of a patient with CGD who underwent successful HSCT following a targeted busulfan and fludarabine reduced-toxicity myeloablative conditioning. Intravenous busulfan was administered once daily for 4 consecutive days (days –8 to –5), and the target area under the curve was 75,000 µg·hr/L. Fludarabine (40 mg/m2) was administered once daily for 6 consecutive days from days –8 to –3. Antithymocyte globulin (2.5 mg/kg/day) was administered from days –4 to –2. The patient underwent successful engraftment and did not have any severe toxicity related to the transplantation. Conditioning with a targeted busulfan and fludarabine regimen could provide a better outcome for HSCT in CGD, with close regulation of the busulfan dose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Busulfan , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mortality , Transplantation Conditioning
13.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 453-457, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18288

ABSTRACT

A variety of diseases are associated with the development of unilateral pleural effusion. Although unilateral pleural effusion is common, refractory unilateral pleural effusion is rare. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis using proper diagnostic tools. Thrombocytopenia is one of the rare conditions occurring from various diseases such as severe infection or autoimmune diseases. It can be life-threatening if accurate diagnosis and treatment are delayed and be a clue to accurate diagnosis in differential diagnosis from refractory pleural effusion. Kasabach-Merrit syndrome (KMS) is often accompanied by extensive vascular tumors and characterized by consumptive coagulopathy with profound thrombocytopenia. It is also important to have a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis. We report a case of KMS in a 2-month-old female infant with a vascular tumor on her left intrathoracic cage, who had presented refractory unilateral pleural effusion and thrombocytopenia. Initially, the patient was diagnosed as having complications of severe infection, and a chest tube was inserted for aggressive treatment. However, her unilateral pleural effusion persisted, and thrombocytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia were refractory. Chest imaging revealed an infiltrating large vascular tumor involving the cardiac border, diaphragm, and chest wall. The patient’s unilateral pleural effusion was misidentified as an infectious condition at the initial stage. As a result of the ultrasonography-guided biopsy, it was revealed to be Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma. The patient was cured after treatment for KMS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Autoimmune Diseases , Biopsy , Chest Tubes , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Diaphragm , Hemangioendothelioma , Pleural Effusion , Thoracic Wall , Thorax , Thrombocytopenia , Vascular Neoplasms
14.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 112-119, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788559

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. DSRCT is a rare disease, and therefore a standard treatment regimen has not been established. In this study, we reviewed the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric DSRCT patients.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 5 DSRCT patients (2 boys, 3 girls) that were diagnosed and treated with DSRCT at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 1999 to January 2015.RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 11 years 5months (range 4 years 10 months-17 years 2 months). The most frequent symptoms were abdominal pain (60%). The primary sites were gastrointestinal tract, bladder, and omentum, and the involved sites were the liver, gastrointestinal tract, bladder and bone. Three patients had multiple metastases at diagnosis. Two patients underwent upfront surgical excision of primary tumor, and the remaining 3 patients received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy after the diagnosis was confirmed by using needle biopsy. Combination chemotherapy was administered to all patients in addition to radiotherapy (median dose 45 Gy, range 17.5-54 Gy). Four patients showed disease progression or relapse, resulting in a 20% overall survival rate. At the time of analysis, one patient is alive. She had localized disease at the time of diagnosis and were treated with upfront surgery, chemotherapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation and radiotherapy.CONCLUSION: Patients with DSRCT have a poor prognosis, even after multimodal treatment. Further studies are needed to determine the prognostic factors of DSRCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy, Needle , Combined Modality Therapy , Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Gastrointestinal Tract , Korea , Liver , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Omentum , Pediatrics , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder
15.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 186-189, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788546

ABSTRACT

A 1.1 year old boy was admitted to the Seoul National University Children's Hospital because of incidental findings of hepatosplenomegaly, skin lesion and multiple intra- abdominal lymphadenopathies. Anemia and thrombocytopenia were found based on the initial complete blood count (CBC) measurements. Because of bicytopenia and hepatosplenomegaly, bone marrow examination was performed which revealed hypercellular marrow with increased monocytes and granulopoiesis. The hemoglobin F level was high for his age, and monocyte production was increased. The patient was diagnosed with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia at the age of 1.2 years. Chemotherapy with cytarabine, etoposide, vincristine, and isotretinoin was initiated. After 6 cycles of chemotherapy, the CBC normalized. He underwent double cord blood transplantation (dCBT), but chimerism studies showed autologous recovery. However, he did not show relapse during the 5 years post-transplant during which he received isotretinoin. He is surviving disease-free 9 years after dCBT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anemia , Blood Cell Count , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Examination , Chimerism , Cytarabine , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Fetal Blood , Fetal Hemoglobin , Incidental Findings , Isotretinoin , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Monocytes , Recurrence , Seoul , Skin , Thrombocytopenia , Vincristine
16.
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : 358-361, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42541

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is characterized by fever, splenomegaly, jaundice, and pathologic findings of hemophagocytosis in bone marrow or other tissues such as the lymph nodes and liver. Pleocytosis, or the presence of elevated protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid, could be helpful in diagnosing HLH. However, the pathologic diagnosis of the brain is not included in the diagnostic criteria for this condition. In the present report, we describe the case of a patient diagnosed with HLH, in whom the brain pathology, but not the bone marrow pathology, showed hemophagocytosis. As the diagnosis of HLH is difficult in many cases, a high level of suspicion is required. Moreover, the pathologic diagnosis of organs other than the bone marrow, liver, and lymph nodes may be a useful alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Brain Diseases , Brain , Central Nervous System , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Diagnosis , Fever , Jaundice , Leukocytosis , Liver , Lymph Nodes , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pathology , Splenomegaly
17.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 112-119, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. DSRCT is a rare disease, and therefore a standard treatment regimen has not been established. In this study, we reviewed the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric DSRCT patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 5 DSRCT patients (2 boys, 3 girls) that were diagnosed and treated with DSRCT at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 1999 to January 2015. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 11 years 5months (range 4 years 10 months-17 years 2 months). The most frequent symptoms were abdominal pain (60%). The primary sites were gastrointestinal tract, bladder, and omentum, and the involved sites were the liver, gastrointestinal tract, bladder and bone. Three patients had multiple metastases at diagnosis. Two patients underwent upfront surgical excision of primary tumor, and the remaining 3 patients received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy after the diagnosis was confirmed by using needle biopsy. Combination chemotherapy was administered to all patients in addition to radiotherapy (median dose 45 Gy, range 17.5-54 Gy). Four patients showed disease progression or relapse, resulting in a 20% overall survival rate. At the time of analysis, one patient is alive. She had localized disease at the time of diagnosis and were treated with upfront surgery, chemotherapy, and high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation and radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Patients with DSRCT have a poor prognosis, even after multimodal treatment. Further studies are needed to determine the prognostic factors of DSRCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy, Needle , Combined Modality Therapy , Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Gastrointestinal Tract , Korea , Liver , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Omentum , Pediatrics , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder
18.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 186-189, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71722

ABSTRACT

A 1.1 year old boy was admitted to the Seoul National University Children's Hospital because of incidental findings of hepatosplenomegaly, skin lesion and multiple intra- abdominal lymphadenopathies. Anemia and thrombocytopenia were found based on the initial complete blood count (CBC) measurements. Because of bicytopenia and hepatosplenomegaly, bone marrow examination was performed which revealed hypercellular marrow with increased monocytes and granulopoiesis. The hemoglobin F level was high for his age, and monocyte production was increased. The patient was diagnosed with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia at the age of 1.2 years. Chemotherapy with cytarabine, etoposide, vincristine, and isotretinoin was initiated. After 6 cycles of chemotherapy, the CBC normalized. He underwent double cord blood transplantation (dCBT), but chimerism studies showed autologous recovery. However, he did not show relapse during the 5 years post-transplant during which he received isotretinoin. He is surviving disease-free 9 years after dCBT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anemia , Blood Cell Count , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Examination , Chimerism , Cytarabine , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Fetal Blood , Fetal Hemoglobin , Incidental Findings , Isotretinoin , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Monocytes , Recurrence , Seoul , Skin , Thrombocytopenia , Vincristine
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 889-896, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90550

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is a rare and highly aggressive tumor that affects young children. Due to its extreme rarity, most of the available data are based on retrospective case series. To add to the current knowledge of this disease, we reviewed the patients treated for extra-cranial MRT in our institute. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted on children treated for pathologically confirmed extra-cranial MRT at Seoul National University Children's Hospital between January 2003 and May 2013. RESULTS: Eleven patients (7 boys, 4 girls) were diagnosed with extra-cranial MRT at a median age of 9 months old. INI1 staining was important in the pathological confirmation. Six patients (55%) had renal MRT and five (45%) had soft tissue MRT. Five patients (45%) had metastases at diagnosis. All patients underwent chemotherapy, eight patients (73%) underwent surgery, six patients (55%) received therapeutic radiotherapy, and four patients (36%) underwent high dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue (HDCT/ASCR) with melphalan, etoposide, and carboplatin. Five patients (45%) died of disease following progression (n=3) or relapse (n=2), however, there was no treatment related mortality. The overall survival of the cohort was 53.0% and the event-free survival was 54.5% with a median follow-up duration of 17.8 months (range, 2.3 to 112.3 months). CONCLUSION: Extra-cranial MRT is still a highly aggressive tumor in young children. However, the improved survival of our cohort is promising and HDCT/ASCR with melphalan, etoposide, and carboplatin may be a promising treatment option.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Carboplatin , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Follow-Up Studies , Kidney Neoplasms , Medical Records , Melphalan , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Rhabdoid Tumor , Seoul , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Stem Cells
20.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 114-120, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788522

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is very rare in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric NPC.METHODS: Medical records of 9 patients treated for NPC at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital between 1988 and 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 11 years (range, 9-13 years). One patient had stage II disease, 3 had stage III disease, and 5 had stage IV disease. The histologic subtypes were undifferentiated carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in 7 and 2 patients, respectively. All patients were initially treated with cisplatin (100 mg/m2 intravenous [IV] every 4 weeks for 4-6 months), bleomycin (15 unit/m2 IV every 1 weekx7), and fluorouracil (1,000 mg/m2 IV every 4 weeks for 1 year). Eight patients received radiotherapy with doses of 45-59.4 Gy at the primary site and neck nodes. Seven patients (77.8%) achieved complete remission, 1 (11.1%) achieved partial remission, and 1 (11.1%) showed disease progression. Six patients developed fluorouracil-related neurotoxicity; the regimen was changed to cisplatin, epirubicin, and bleomycin in five of the 6 patients. One patient died of progressive disease without responding to treatment. Treatment-related mortality occurred in 1 patient owing to septic shock. Secondary osteosarcoma developed in 1 patient 6 years after treatment. The overall survival was 77.8%, with a median follow-up of 40.8 months (range, 4.5-287.6 months).CONCLUSION: Children and adolescents with advanced NPC treated with combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy have a good survival rate.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Bleomycin , Carcinoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Epirubicin , Fluorouracil , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Medical Records , Mortality , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neck , Osteosarcoma , Pediatrics , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Shock, Septic , Survival Rate
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL