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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e289-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001238

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to evaluate exposure to various hazardous substances emitted by incineration facilities and their likely effect on the health for residents of Bugi-myeon, Cheongju, Korea, which has three incineration facilities. @*Methods@#Heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and dioxin concentrations in the air and soil of exposed and control areas were measured. Moreover, the exposure levels to harmful substances and its effects on health were investigated in 1,124 exposed and 232 control adults. @*Results@#PAHs and dioxin concentrations in the air in the exposed area were significantly higher than in the control area. Urinary cadmium and PAHs metabolite concentrations were significantly higher in the exposed group than in the control group. The exposure group also had a higher prevalence of depression and self-reported allergic symptoms than the control group. @*Conclusion@#The possibility of residents in Bugi-myeon being exposed to hazardous substances at incineration facilities cannot be ruled out. To prevent them from further exposure to hazardous substances, it is necessary to prohibit the expansion of additional incineration facilities in this area and to implement continuous monitoring projects for residents

2.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 283-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913929

ABSTRACT

A genetic etiology of male infertility is identified in fewer than 25% of infertile men, while 30% of infertile men lack a clear etiology, resulting in a diagnosis of idiopathic male infertility. Advances in reproductive genetics have provided insights into the mechanisms of male infertility, and a characterization of the genetic basis of male infertility may have broad implications for understanding the causes of infertility and determining the prognosis, optimal treatment, and management of couples. In a substantial proportion of patients with azoospermia, known genetic factors contribute to male infertility. Additionally, the number of identified genetic anomalies in other etiologies of male infertility is growing through advances in whole-genome amplification and next-generation sequencing. In this review, we present an up-to-date overview of the indications for appropriate genetic tests, summarize the characteristics of chromosomal and genetic diseases, and discuss the treatment of couples with genetic infertility by microdissection-testicular sperm extraction, personalized hormone therapy, and in vitro fertilization with pre-implantation genetic testing.

3.
The World Journal of Men's Health ; : 191-197, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811460

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the usefulness of a home-based device (SwimCount™) compared with World Health Organization (WHO) 5th semen analysis in screening for male fertility in Asian men.MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred Asian men who visited CHA Seoul Station Fertility Center for evaluation of fertility were included. Semen samples were analyzed and compared with the SwimCount™ results. An aliquot of 0.5 mL of the semen sample was added to the SwimCount™ and a WHO 5th semen analysis was performed. Results were categorized as low (<5×10⁶/mL), and normal to high (≥5×10⁶/mL) total progressively motile sperm concentration. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the SwimCount™.RESULTS: The mean total progressively motile sperm concentration was 26.7×10⁶/mL. Semen analysis revealed that 28% of the samples were below the threshold count of 5 million/mL total progressively motile sperm concentration. The mean total progressively motile sperm concentration of the light color SwimCount™ result group determined by semen analysis was 7.5×10⁶/mL, and the mean total progressively motile sperm concentration of the moderate to dark color SwimCount™ result group was 34.2×10⁶/mL. An area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.85 (95% confidence interval, 0.77–0.94; p<0.001) was obtained when the SwimCount™ was compared with semen analysis. The sensitivity and specificity were obtained at a cut off value of 5.0×10⁶/mL total progressively motile sperm concentration, giving a sensitivity and specificity of 87.5% and 73.4%.CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the reliability of the SwimCount™ as a home-based device for male fertility by evaluating the total progressively motile sperm concentration.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 270-275, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009564

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to determine whether oncologic outcomes and adverse events associated with active on/off intermittent antiandrogen monotherapy (daily bicalutamide, 50 mg per day) are comparable with those of standard external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or combined androgen blockade (CAB) therapy in prostate cancers with positive surgical margins after radical prostatectomy. Two hundred twenty-three patients with positive surgical margins post-radical prostatectomy who underwent active surveillance (AS, n = 32), EBRT without hormone therapy (n = 55), intermittent antiandrogen monotherapy without EBRT (IAAM, n = 50), or CAB without EBRT (n = 86), between 2007 and 2014, were reviewed retrospectively. Pathologic outcomes, biochemical recurrence rates, radiological disease progression, and adverse events were collected from medical records. Biochemical recurrence rates, biochemical recurrence-free survival rates, and radiological recurrence were not different between the groups (P = 0.225, 0.896, and 0.284, respectively). Adverse event rates and severities were lower for IAAM compared with EBRT or CAB (both P < 0.05), but were comparable to those for AS (P = 0.591 and 0.990, respectively). Grade ≥3 adverse events were not reported in the IAAM or AS groups. Erectile dysfunction and loss of libido rates were lower in the IAAM group compared with the EBRT and CAB groups (P = 0.032). Gastrointestinal complications were more frequently reported in the EBRT group (P = 0.008). Active on/off IAAM treatment might be an appropriate treatment option for patients with positive surgical margins after radical prostatectomy. Furthermore, regarding oncologic outcomes, IAAM was comparable to standard EBRT but had a milder adverse event profile.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , Anilides/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/blood , Neoplasm, Residual , Nitriles/adverse effects , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/therapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tosyl Compounds/adverse effects
5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e58-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764918

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. METHODS: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools. Information on duration of residency and frequency of use of the roads was applied to calculate cumulative radiation exposure dose from the roads, alongside with the reported 137Cs contamination amounts. Information on past medical history, perceived risk, anxiety and psychological stress was also obtained. Of the 31,053 residents, 8,875 were analyzed. To examine possible associations between radiation exposure and health problems, logistic regression adjusted for covariates were performed with consideration of the sampling design, population weight and stratification. RESULTS: No significant association was found between self-informed diseases, including cancers, and estimated radiation exposure dose. According to an increase of radiation level, a significant increase in anxiety in all and a decline in the psychosocial wellbeing of the adults was noted. The risk perception level was higher in the elderly, females, the less educated, and the highest exposed individuals. CONCLUSION: This study provides a basis for risk communication with residents and community environmental health policy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Anxiety , Environmental Health , Epidemiologic Studies , Family Characteristics , House Calls , Incidence , Internship and Residency , Logistic Models , Radiation Exposure , Seoul , Stress, Psychological
6.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 179-186, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To evaluate the success rate of balloon dilation and the factors possibly influencing the outcomes of balloon dilation for the ureteric strictured portion of ureteroureterostomy (UUS) site in patients with post-gynecologic surgeries.@*METHODS@#A single institution data base was screened for the patients who received balloon dilation for a treatment of ureteral stricture diagnosed after gynecologic surgery. Overall 114 patients underwent primary intra-operative UUS due to ureteral injury during gynecologic surgery. Among them, 102 patients received balloon dilation, and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Success of balloon dilation was defined as the condition that requires no further clinical interventions after 6 months from balloon dilation.@*RESULTS@#The ureter injury rate of women treated with open radical abdominal hysterectomy was highest (32 cases, 31.4%). 60 patients (60.8%) showed successful outcomes regarding dilation. All patients underwent technically successful dilation with a full expansion of balloon during the procedure, but 40 patients (39.2%) were clinically unsuccessful as they showed a recurrence of ureteral stricture on the previous balloon dilation site after the first dilation procedure. Univariate logistic regression analyses showed that stricture length >2 cm was a significant predictor of successful dilation (odds ratio, 0.751; 95% confidence interval, 0.634–0.901; p-value, 0.030), but it failed to achieve independent predictor status in multivariate analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#Balloon dilation can an effective alternative treatment option for strictured portion of the primary UUS in post-gynecologic surgery patients when its length is < 2 cm.

7.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 179-186, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787115

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the success rate of balloon dilation and the factors possibly influencing the outcomes of balloon dilation for the ureteric strictured portion of ureteroureterostomy (UUS) site in patients with post-gynecologic surgeries.METHODS: A single institution data base was screened for the patients who received balloon dilation for a treatment of ureteral stricture diagnosed after gynecologic surgery. Overall 114 patients underwent primary intra-operative UUS due to ureteral injury during gynecologic surgery. Among them, 102 patients received balloon dilation, and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Success of balloon dilation was defined as the condition that requires no further clinical interventions after 6 months from balloon dilation.RESULTS: The ureter injury rate of women treated with open radical abdominal hysterectomy was highest (32 cases, 31.4%). 60 patients (60.8%) showed successful outcomes regarding dilation. All patients underwent technically successful dilation with a full expansion of balloon during the procedure, but 40 patients (39.2%) were clinically unsuccessful as they showed a recurrence of ureteral stricture on the previous balloon dilation site after the first dilation procedure. Univariate logistic regression analyses showed that stricture length >2 cm was a significant predictor of successful dilation (odds ratio, 0.751; 95% confidence interval, 0.634–0.901; p-value, 0.030), but it failed to achieve independent predictor status in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSION: Balloon dilation can an effective alternative treatment option for strictured portion of the primary UUS in post-gynecologic surgery patients when its length is < 2 cm.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Constriction, Pathologic , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Hysterectomy , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Ureter
8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 211-215, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788387

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of needle aspiration biopsy of seminiferous tubules (NABST) and to represent the redistributed diagnostic results corresponding to testicular volumes and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels. In this retrospective study, we investigated 65 infertile men with either azoospermia or oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. Following NABST, specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and classified into five histological types. With pre-procedure FSH levels and testicular volumes, we evaluated the probabilities of detecting sperms within biopsy specimens. NABST led to the classification of normal spermatogenesis in 31 cases (47.7%), hypospermatogenesis in 23 cases (35.4%), maturation arrest in 4 cases (6.2%), and Sertoli cell only syndrome in 4 cases (6.2%). The success rate of reaching a histological diagnosis using NABST was 95.4% (62 out of 65 cases). Fourteen patients (21.5%) had a testicular volume <15 cc; of these, 8 patients (57.1%) had normal spermatogenesis, 2 patients (14.3%) had hypospermatogenesis, 2 patients (14.3%) had maturation arrest and 2 patients (14.3%) had Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCO). Twelve patients (18.5%) had an FSH level ≥10 IU; of these, 6 (50%) had normal spermatogenesis, 2 patients (16.7%) had maturation arrest and 4 patients (33.3%) had SCO. Cases with an FSH level <10 IU were positively associated with a probability of detecting sperm using NABST (p<0.001). NABST is a reliable tool for the histological diagnosis of azoospermic and oligoasthenoteratozoospermic patients. The diagnostic success rate was high and associated with pathological accuracy. NABST is a convenient procedure with few complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia , Azoospermia , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Classification , Diagnosis , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Hematoxylin , Korea , Methods , Needles , Oligospermia , Retrospective Studies , Seminiferous Tubules , Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa
9.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 211-215, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89699

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of needle aspiration biopsy of seminiferous tubules (NABST) and to represent the redistributed diagnostic results corresponding to testicular volumes and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels. In this retrospective study, we investigated 65 infertile men with either azoospermia or oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. Following NABST, specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and classified into five histological types. With pre-procedure FSH levels and testicular volumes, we evaluated the probabilities of detecting sperms within biopsy specimens. NABST led to the classification of normal spermatogenesis in 31 cases (47.7%), hypospermatogenesis in 23 cases (35.4%), maturation arrest in 4 cases (6.2%), and Sertoli cell only syndrome in 4 cases (6.2%). The success rate of reaching a histological diagnosis using NABST was 95.4% (62 out of 65 cases). Fourteen patients (21.5%) had a testicular volume <15 cc; of these, 8 patients (57.1%) had normal spermatogenesis, 2 patients (14.3%) had hypospermatogenesis, 2 patients (14.3%) had maturation arrest and 2 patients (14.3%) had Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCO). Twelve patients (18.5%) had an FSH level ≥10 IU; of these, 6 (50%) had normal spermatogenesis, 2 patients (16.7%) had maturation arrest and 4 patients (33.3%) had SCO. Cases with an FSH level <10 IU were positively associated with a probability of detecting sperm using NABST (p<0.001). NABST is a reliable tool for the histological diagnosis of azoospermic and oligoasthenoteratozoospermic patients. The diagnostic success rate was high and associated with pathological accuracy. NABST is a convenient procedure with few complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia , Azoospermia , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Classification , Diagnosis , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Hematoxylin , Korea , Methods , Needles , Oligospermia , Retrospective Studies , Seminiferous Tubules , Sertoli Cell-Only Syndrome , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa
10.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 41-47, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148911

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records and clinicopatholgic outcomes of patients (n=552) treated with RNU between 1986 and 2013. Patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and those for whom LVI status was not recorded were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups according to LVI (n=86) or no LVI (n=256). RESULTS: The study included 344 patients (240 men and 104 women) with a median of 53.9 months of follow-up (range, 1-297 months) after RNU. Tumors were organ confined (T2/N0) in 211 (61.3%) and tumor grade high in 291 (84.6%). AC was administered in 64 patients (18.6%). A total of 280 patients (81.4%) were treated with surgery alone. Patients with LVI tended to be older (p=0.049), have a higher pT stage (pT3/T4, p<0.001), be pN+ (p<0.001), have a high tumor grade (p<0.001), and experience recurrence (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, LVI was an independent prognostic factor for cancer-specific survival and overall survival (p=0.002 and p<0.001, respectively). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that in the subgroup of patients with LVI, AC was a significant prognostic factor for cancer-specific survival and overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.51; p=0.027 and hazard ratio, 0.50; p=0.025, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: AC does not seem to reduce mortality in patients with advanced upper tract urothelial carcinoma after RNU. In the subgroup of patients with LVI, AC had a positive impact on cancer-specific survival and overall survival. LVI would be helpful for selecting patients who are appropriate for AC.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Follow-Up Studies , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lymphatic Metastasis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Nephrectomy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Ureter/pathology , Ureteral Neoplasms/drug therapy , Urinary Tract/pathology
11.
Environmental Health and Toxicology ; : e2015005-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the radiation exposure for epidemiologic investigation in residents exposed to radiation from roads that were accidentally found to be contaminated with radioactive cesium-137 (137Cs) in Seoul. METHODS: Using information regarding the frequency and duration of passing via the 137Cs contaminated roads or residing/working near the roads from the questionnaires that were obtained from 8875 residents and the measured radiation doses reported by the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission, we calculated the total cumulative dose of radiation exposure for each person. RESULTS: Sixty-three percent of the residents who responded to the questionnaire were considered as ever-exposed and 1% of them had a total cumulative dose of more than 10 mSv. The mean (minimum, maximum) duration of radiation exposure was 4.75 years (0.08, 11.98) and the geometric mean (minimum, maximum) of the total cumulative dose was 0.049 mSv (<0.001, 35.35) in the exposed. CONCLUSIONS: An individual exposure assessment was performed for an epidemiological study to estimate the health risk among residents living in the vicinity of 137Cs contaminated roads. The average exposure dose in the exposed people was less than 5% of the current guideline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiologic Studies , Korea , Radiation Exposure , Seoul
12.
Environmental Health and Toxicology ; : e2015005-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the radiation exposure for epidemiologic investigation in residents exposed to radiation from roads that were accidentally found to be contaminated with radioactive cesium-137 (137Cs) in Seoul. METHODS: Using information regarding the frequency and duration of passing via the 137Cs contaminated roads or residing/working near the roads from the questionnaires that were obtained from 8875 residents and the measured radiation doses reported by the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission, we calculated the total cumulative dose of radiation exposure for each person. RESULTS: Sixty-three percent of the residents who responded to the questionnaire were considered as ever-exposed and 1% of them had a total cumulative dose of more than 10 mSv. The mean (minimum, maximum) duration of radiation exposure was 4.75 years (0.08, 11.98) and the geometric mean (minimum, maximum) of the total cumulative dose was 0.049 mSv (<0.001, 35.35) in the exposed. CONCLUSIONS: An individual exposure assessment was performed for an epidemiological study to estimate the health risk among residents living in the vicinity of 137Cs contaminated roads. The average exposure dose in the exposed people was less than 5% of the current guideline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiologic Studies , Korea , Radiation Exposure , Seoul
13.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 693-702, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227277

ABSTRACT

Quality of life is adversely affected by pelvic organ prolapse, the prevalence of which is increasing because of the persistently growing older population. Today, the tension-free vaginal mesh kit has grown in popularity owing to its comparable cure rate to traditional reconstructive surgery and the feasibility of an early return to normal life. However, significant debate remains over the long-term cure rate and the safety of tension-free vaginal mesh in the United States. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends obtaining informed consent about the safety and cure rate when the patient chooses surgery using the tension-free vaginal mesh kit or meshes before surgery. The goal of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is the restoration of anatomic defects. This review article provides an overview of basic surgical techniques and the results, advantages, and disadvantages of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Disease Management , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life
14.
Environmental Health and Toxicology ; : e2013019-2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: As public concern on possible harmful effects of mobile phone in children has been raised, information of epidemiological characteristics of mobile phone use in children and adolescents will be essential for public health policy. METHODS: Using three databases (n=21,693) collected from 2008 to 2011, we examined characteristics of mobile phone ownership and use, and socioeconomic positions (SEP) in Korean children and adolescents. RESULTS: The ownership rate and the amount of mobile phone use were higher in females than males, in higher school grades than lower grades, and at 2011 than 2008. The average age of first mobile phone ownership was shown to decrease from 12.5 years in currently high school students to 8.4 years in currently elementary school students at 2011. More than 90% of children in the 5th grade owned a mobile phone. More children owned a mobile phone in lower SEP communities than in higher SEP. Children with parents educated less than those with parents educated more were more likely to own and use mobile phone. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the epidemiological characteristics of mobile phone use, precautionary measures to prevent unnecessary exposure to mobile phones are needed in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Cell Phone , Ownership , Parents , Public Health
15.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 870-875, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13285

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We propose an equation that predicts graft function after kidney transplantation by using donated kidney volume and recipient body surface area (BSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included were 261 cases of living kidney transplantation between 2007 and 2009. Preoperative computed tomography scans were performed and the donated kidney volume was measured by use of a three-dimensional reconstruction program (Ripidia). The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by using the modification of diet in renal disease formula. Donated kidney volume, preoperative renal function, and demographic factors of both donors and recipients were evaluated as predictors. RESULTS: The mean ages of the donors and recipients were 40.8 and 41.6 years, respectively. The mean donated kidney volume and donated kidney volume/recipient BSA ratio were 153.4 mL and 96.9 mL/m2, respectively. Mean preoperative and postoperative 12-month eGFR of recipients were 7.1 and 59.7 mL/min, respectively, and the mean preoperative eGFR of donors was 92.2 mL/min. Donated kidney volume/recipient BSA ratio, donor age, and recipient gender were the significant predictors of eGFR level (p<0.001) and eGFR<45 mL/min at postoperative 12 months (p=0.005, p<0.001, and p=0.006). From the multiple linear regression equation and predicted probability from logistic regression, we could calculate the equation for the ratio of living donor kidney volume to recipient BSA on graft function. CONCLUSIONS: Graft kidney volume/recipient BSA ratio, donor age, and recipient gender were predictors of graft function 12 months after kidney transplantation. Although we are concerned only with the preoperative, this equation model could help physicians to counsel patients concerning their postoperative prognosis and to avoid insufficient volume donations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Surface Area , Delayed Graft Function , Demography , Diet , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Linear Models , Living Donors , Logistic Models , Organ Size , Prognosis , Tissue Donors , Transplantation , Transplants
16.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 78-84, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38560

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a simplified zero ischemia technique using kidney donor computed tomographic (CT) angiography and conventional laparoscopic bulldog clamps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a review of seven robot-assisted partial nephrectomies (RAPNs) performed by a single surgeon from January 2012 to May 2012. Using a simplified protocol of 3-dimentional reconstruction, tertiary arterial branches supplying the tumor were selectively clamped prior to resection. We used conventional laparoscopic bulldog clamps instead of microsurgical vessel clamps. The patients' demographic information, perioperative outcomes, pathologic outcomes and pre- and postoperative renal functions up to 3 months follow-up were analyzed. RESULTS: RAPN were successfully performed for seven complex renal hilar tumors. There were no significant differences in the total operation time, estimated blood loss or postoperative outcomes compared with published literature on standard RAPN. Negative surgical margins were reported in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: We presented a simplified-zero ischemia technique using kidney Donor CT angiography and conventional laparoscopic bulldog clamps. We have also demonstrated its safety and feasibility in patients with complex renal hilar tumors. This modified technique can be easily adopted by most surgeons who are currently performing RAPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Follow-Up Studies , Glycosaminoglycans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Ischemia , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms , Nephrectomy , Robotics , Tissue Donors
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 151-157, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145838

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Minimally invasive management of small renal tumors has become more common. We compared the results of partial nephrectomy by video-assisted minilaparotomy surgery (VAMS), open, and laparoscopic techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared clinicopathological, oncological, and functional outcomes in 271 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal tumors at one institution from 1993 to 2007; including 138 by VAMS, 102 by open, and 31 by laparoscopic technique. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 47.7+/-29.1 months. No statistically significant differences in the three groups were found in tumor size, tumor location, estimated blood loss, complication rate, preoperative glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and GFR at last follow-up. Ischemic time was shorter in the open (26.9 min) and VAMS (29.3 min) groups than in the laparoscopic group (31.0 min, p=0.021). Time to normal diet and hospital stay were shorter in the VAMS (1.8 days and 5.4 days) and laparoscopic (1.8 days and 4.7 days) groups than in the open group (2.4 days and 7.3 days, p=0.036 and p<0.001, respectively). Of 180 patients with cancer, positive surgical margins occurred in 2 of 82 patients (2.4%) in the VAMS group, none of 75 patients in the open group, and 3 of 23 patients (13.0%) in the laparoscopic group (p=0.084). In the VAMS, open, and laparoscopic groups, 5-year disease-free survival was 94.8%, 95.8%, and 90.3% (p=0.485), and 5-year cancer-specific survival was 96.3%, 98.6%, and 100%, respectively (p=0.452). CONCLUSION: Partial nephrectomy using VAMS technique provides surgical, oncologic, and functional outcomes similar to open and laparoscopic techniques.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/mortality , Kidney Neoplasms/mortality , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Laparotomy/instrumentation , Nephrectomy/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Video-Assisted Surgery/instrumentation
18.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 310-316, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56904

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This is a report of the surgical treatment and prognosis of retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RPLS) in Koreans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients treated for RPLS between July 1, 1984, and March 31, 2009, were included. Patient demographics, histopathologic subtypes, survival rate, disease recurrence rate and interval, and adjuvant therapy were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 19 patients diagnosed with RPLS, 26.3% presented with well-differentiated RPLS, 10.5% with dedifferentiated RPLS, 15.8% with myxoid/round cell type, and 47.4% with mixed-type liposarcoma. The mean follow-up period was 66.8 months (range, 6 to 165 months). Primary RPLS was treated in 17 patients. Nine patients (52.9%) had recurrent disease, and recurrence developed at a mean of 47.7 months after primary or repeated surgical treatment. The overall survival rate was 84.2% during a mean follow-up of 66.8 months. The 3- and 5-year survival rates were 86.9%, and the 10-year survival rate was 69.5%. The recurrence interval was significantly shorter in recurrent RPLS cases (p=0.023). The mean growth rate of locally recurrent tumors was 0.34 cm per month. CONCLUSIONS: The survival rates reported here were higher than in previous studies. Locally recurrent tumors presented with a low growth rate, which may have contributed to the relatively high survival rate. A high prevalence of mixed-type RPLS was also noted, and its cause and prognosis require further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Demography , Follow-Up Studies , Liposarcoma , Prevalence , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms , Sarcoma , Survival Rate
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 729-733, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14593

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify size criteria for complex cystic renal masses that can distinguish renal cell carcinoma from benign cysts supplementing the Bosniak classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 97 patients who underwent surgery for complex cystic renal masses from January 2001 to April 2010. The pathological results were compared with the lesion sizes measured by preoperative computed tomography and other radiological features (contrast enhancement, irregularities of cyst walls and septa, and calcification) were also obtained for categorization according to the Bosniak renal cyst classification. RESULTS: Malignancy was significantly associated with cyst size (>2 cm), male gender, and younger patient age (<50 years). According to the Bosniak classification, there was no category I cyst, and all 8 category II cysts were benign. However, 3 of 18 (17%) category IIF cysts, 21 of 39 (54%) category III cysts, and 29 of 32 (90%) category IV cysts were malignant. All category IIF cysts were benign in patients older than 50 years of age. CONCLUSION: Many complex cystic renal masses smaller than 2 cm were benign. We suggest that lesion size should be taken into account when formulating treatment plans for complex cystic renal masses.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sex Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 229-233, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33898

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In a group of surgery patients diagnosed with renal cell cancer, those who underwent dialysis were compared with those who received a kidney transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 43 subjects included in this study were patients who had been undergoing dialysis because of end-stage renal disease or had undergone kidney transplantation. The patients were diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) during follow-up and underwent radical nephrectomy from May 1996 to December 2010. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed as part of the study. RESULTS: In the transplantation group, the renal replacement therapy period averaged 54 months, and the period from transplantation to RCC averaged 119 months (range, 0 to 264 months). In the dialysis group, RCC was observed after an average of 124 months (range, 2 to 228 months) of dialysis, and nephrectomy was then conducted. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) was found more frequently in the dialysis group, and it had a statistically relevant effect on the occurrence of RCC by comparison with the transplantation group (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Although the incidence rate of ACKD was significantly higher in the dialysis group among patients undergoing surgery for RCC, cancer was found even without ACKD development in some transplant recipients. Considering that the transplant recipients also underwent dialysis, an informative prospective study will be necessary to determine whether other immunosuppressive agents besides ACKD may function as a cancer risk factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Dialysis , Follow-Up Studies , Immunosuppressive Agents , Incidence , Kidney , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Medical Records , Nephrectomy , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transplants
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