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1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 123-130, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001848

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study identifies the socioeconomic characteristics and attitudes toward suicide (ATTS) of gatekeepers participating in a suicide prevention project in Gyeongsangbuk-do. Through this study we hope to increase the understanding required to prevent suicide in the community. @*Methods@#We conducted a survey from October 11 to November 4, 2022, with 1,284 individuals from private organizations who participated in the suicide prevention project between September 23 and November 30, 2022. The survey established demographic characteristics, experience in participating in suicide prevention projects, awareness and need for suicide prevention and mental health services, and ATTS. The study conducted cross-analysis and chi-square tests to identify differences in responses according to demographics. An independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Scheffe’s post hoc test were performed to analyze the comparisons between each measurement factor. SPSS 21.0 was used to process data and the level of statistical significance was set to p<0.05. @*Results@#The gatekeepers’ ATTS were moderate, with an average of 3.11 out of 5. Specifically, preventability obtained the highest score (4.07), followed by preparedness to prevent (3.96), incomprehensibility (3.74), and noncommunication (3.34). Conversely, resignation obtained the lowest score (2.05), followed by tabooing (2.32) and relation-caused (2.51). The scores for preventability and preparedness to prevent increased with sustained participation in the suicide prevention program, while those for suicidal process decreased. @*Conclusions@#Gatekeepers’ ATTS may improve as a result of participation in the suicide prevention project, with better results with continued participation. Thus, actively recruiting more gatekeepers and keeping them engaged in the program may help prevent suicide.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 68-78, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001844

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The purpose of this study is to analyze the prevalence and factors of depression among the elderly population, a significant issue in Korea’s aging society. We aim to provide basic indicators for improving mental health and quality of life. @*Methods@#From February to December 2021, a study was conducted on a population of 19,158 elderly individuals aged 65 and above residing in Gyeongsangbuk-do province. The severity of depression was evaluated using the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. In addition, demographic information was collected to analyze factors that may influence depression. @*Results@#In the PHQ-9 screening, the average score was 3.65. The results showed that 13,705 individuals (71.5%) were in the normal group with scores ranging from 0 to 4, 3,683 individuals (19.2%) were in the mild group with scores ranging from 5 to 9, 1,575 individuals (8.2%) were in the moderate group with scores ranging from 10 to 19, and 195 individuals (1.0%) were in the severe group with scores of 20 or higher. It was found that place of residence, education level, type of housing, top two difficulties in daily life, subjective economic status, desired services, subjective mental health, past and current history of mental health treatment, and medication for physical illness had statistically significant effects on depression. @*Conclusions@#Various factors were found to have a significant impact on depression among the elderly population in Gyeongsangbuk-do. Proactive prevention and treatment tailored to the population characteristics of the region may be necessary.

3.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 243-253, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Many patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) suffer from residual symptoms without achieving remission. However, pharmacologic options for residual symptoms of MDD have been limited. This study aimed to investigate benefit of aripiprazole augmentation in the treatment of residual symptoms in the patients with partially remitted MDD. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the 8-week medical records of the patients. The enrolled patients did respond to treatment of antidepressant but were not remitted. The range of 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) total score of the subjects were 8 to 15 points. All patients were currently taking antidepressants when they started aripiprazole. The primary endpoint was the mean change of Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (CUDOS).Secondary endpoint measures were HAMD, Clinical Global Impression-severity (CGI-S) scores, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Perceived Deficit Questionnaire-depression (PDQ-D), Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and General Health Questionnaire/Quality of Life-12 (GHQ/QL-12). @*Results@#A total of 134 medical records were analyzed. The changes of CUDOS, HAMD, CGI-S, BAI, PHQ-15, PDQ-D, SDS and GHQ/QL-12 from baseline to the endpoint were −7.93, −3.29, −0.80, −4.02, −2.05, −4.35, −4.77 and −2.82, respectively (all p < 0.001). At the endpoint, the newly remitted subjects rate by HAMD score criteria were approximately 46%. @*Conclusion@#Our preliminary findings have presented the effectiveness of aripiprazole augmentation for residual symptoms of partially remitted MDD patients in routine practice. This study assures subsequent well-controlled studies of the possibility of generalizing the above promising outcome in the future.

4.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 243-253, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890213

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Many patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) suffer from residual symptoms without achieving remission. However, pharmacologic options for residual symptoms of MDD have been limited. This study aimed to investigate benefit of aripiprazole augmentation in the treatment of residual symptoms in the patients with partially remitted MDD. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the 8-week medical records of the patients. The enrolled patients did respond to treatment of antidepressant but were not remitted. The range of 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) total score of the subjects were 8 to 15 points. All patients were currently taking antidepressants when they started aripiprazole. The primary endpoint was the mean change of Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (CUDOS).Secondary endpoint measures were HAMD, Clinical Global Impression-severity (CGI-S) scores, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Perceived Deficit Questionnaire-depression (PDQ-D), Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and General Health Questionnaire/Quality of Life-12 (GHQ/QL-12). @*Results@#A total of 134 medical records were analyzed. The changes of CUDOS, HAMD, CGI-S, BAI, PHQ-15, PDQ-D, SDS and GHQ/QL-12 from baseline to the endpoint were −7.93, −3.29, −0.80, −4.02, −2.05, −4.35, −4.77 and −2.82, respectively (all p < 0.001). At the endpoint, the newly remitted subjects rate by HAMD score criteria were approximately 46%. @*Conclusion@#Our preliminary findings have presented the effectiveness of aripiprazole augmentation for residual symptoms of partially remitted MDD patients in routine practice. This study assures subsequent well-controlled studies of the possibility of generalizing the above promising outcome in the future.

5.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 208-218, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916459

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The purpose of this study was to identify suicide risk factors among elderly residents in Gyeongsangbuk-do and to reveal the relationships between them. In addition, the differences in suicide risk factors were analyzed between the cognitively impaired group and the cognitively normal group. @*Methods@#:We investigated 20,127 elderly over 65 years of age, from January 2019 to December 2019. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire survey. Cognitive function, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and suicidal ideation data were assessed using a Korean version of the Mini-Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), Short Geriatric Depression Scale for Korean version (S-GDS), Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), and Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI). Data were analyzed using the chi-squared test and logistic regression analysis to examine suicide risk factors and the relationships between them. Furthermore, differences in suicide risk factors according to cognitive function were examined. @*Results@#:Age, cognitive function, depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance were identified as suicide risk factors among elderly residents in Gyeongsangbuk-do. Depression was the factor that increased risk of suicide the most, followed by anxiety, impaired cognitive function, sleep disturbance, and 65-74 years of age. In addition, depression increased risk of suicide by 1.86 times in the cognitively impaired group. @*Conclusions@#:Among elderly residents in Gyeongsangbuk-do, depression was the factor that contributed the highest risk for suicide. More active prevention and treatment measures for depressive symptoms should be implemented in the cognitively impaired group.

6.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 1-9, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836004

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated the frequency of depressive disorders in the elderly with normal cognition (NC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia patients living in the community to find out the association between cognitive disorders and depressive disorders in the community dwelling elderly. @*Methods@#6,262 baseline study subjects from November 2010 through October 2012 were enrolled based on the Korean longitudinal study on cognitive aging and dementia which is the first nationwide multi-center population based prospective cohort study in Korea. Diagnosis of MCI, dementia, major depressive disorder (MDD), minor depressive disorder (mDD) and subsyndromal depression (SSD) was made by psychiatrists with expertise in dementia based on the appropriate diagnostic criteria. @*Results@#4,303 NC, 1,737 MCI, 222 dementia were enrolled. The frequency of MDD, mDD, SSD were highest in dementia and lowest in NC and showed significant difference among three groups. The odds ratio also increased significantly in MCI and dementia compared with NC showing highest odds ratio in dementia. @*Conclusion@#Our findings propose that MCI and dementia in the community dwelling elderly were significantly associated with various types of depressive disorders showing highest association tendency in dementia.

7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 21-28, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832519

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Cardiovascular diseases are representative risk factors for the onset of cognitive decline. The purpose of this study was to confirm the relationship between diastolic blood pressure and cognitive function in elderly people in Korea. @*Methods@#Data from subjects who were enrolled in the prospective Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia were used in this study. Data from 701 subjects whose diastolic blood pressure range did not change (≤79 mm Hg or ≥80 mm Hg) over 2 years were analyzed. To analyze the differences in cognitive function between the groups at the 2-year follow-up, an analysis of covariance was performed with covariates, which were significantly different between the two groups, and the baseline cognitive function. @*Results@#Significant differences were observed between the two groups, and the mean scores on the constructional praxis (η2=0.010) and word list recall tests (η2=0.018) in the diastolic blood pressure ≥80 mm Hg group were higher than those in the diastolic blood pressure ≤79 mm Hg group at the 2-year follow-up. @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that maintaining a DBP below 79 mm Hg presents a greater risk of cognitive decline in Korean elderly people.

8.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 744-750, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832499

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study estimated the incidence of driving-related adverse events and examined the association of cognitive function with the risk of future driving-related adverse events in the elderly Korean male population. @*Methods@#We analyzed 1,172 male drivers aged 60 years or older in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD). Using the data from Korean National Police Agency, we classified the participants into three groups: safe driving (drove for 2 years after baseline without a traffic accident or repeated violations), driving cessation (stopped driving), and risky driving (one or more traffic accidents or repeated violations). We estimated the incidences of driving cessation and risky driving, and examined the effect of cognitive function on their risks. @*Results@#The incidence of driving cessation and risky driving in the Korean male drivers aged 60 years or older was 19.3 and 69.9 per 1,000 person-years respectively and increased in the late 80s. Drivers with better baseline Word List Memory Test scores showed less risky driving (OR=0.94, p=0.039). @*Conclusion@#Driving-related adverse events increased in late 80s, and better memory function was protective against these events.

9.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 80-86, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785274

ABSTRACT


Subject(s)
Humans , Dementia , Weights and Measures
10.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 232-241, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors affecting suicidal ideation in community dwelling elderly individuals and to predict suicidal ideation through assessment tools.METHODS: We investigated 2,343 elderly individuals, aged 65 years or older, from February 2018 to December 2018. The participants were asked to complete sociodemographic questionnaires, including the Mini-Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening(MMSE-DS), Short Geriatric Depression Scale(SGDS-K), Geriatric Anxiety Inventory(GAI), Athens Insomnia Scale(AIS), and Scales for Suicidal Ideation(SSI). We performed the Chi-squared test and logistic regression analysis for these data, to examine the relationship between suicidal ideation and the participants' risk factors. Moreover, we performed Receiver Operating Characteristics(ROC) curve analysis, to predict suicidal ideation through the assessment tools.RESULTS: The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 6.0%. Binary logistic regression revealed that cognitive impairment (OR=1.729, CI : 1.029–2.904), depression(OR=3.479, CI : 2.177–5.560), anxiety(OR=3.822, CI : 2.454–5.951), and sleeping disorders(OR=1.661, CI : 1.132–2.438) were independently associated with suicidal ideation. The cutoffs to predict suicidal ideation, obtained using ROC analysis were ≤21[area under the curve(AUC) : 0.582] for the MMSE-DS, >6(AUC : 0.822) for SGDS, >3(AUC : 0.817) for GAI, and >8(AUC : 0.718) for AIS.CONCLUSION: The incidence of suicidal ideation in the community dwelling elderly was quite high and was particularly related with depression and anxiety. These results could contribute to prevention and management of suicide among community dwelling elderly individuals.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anxiety , Cognition Disorders , Dementia , Depression , Incidence , Independent Living , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Weights and Measures
11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 575-580, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of depressed mood (dysphoria) and loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia)on the risk of dementia in cognitively-normal elderly individuals. METHODS: This study included 2,685 cognitively-normal elderly individuals who completed the baseline and 4-year follow-up assessments of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia. We ascertained the presence of dysphoria and anhedonia using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory. We defined subjective cognitive decline as the presence of subjective cognitive complaints without objective cognitive impairments. We analyzed the association of dysphoria and anhedonia with the risk of cognitive disorders using multinomial logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, education, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale score, Apolipoprotein E genotype, and neuropsychological test performance. RESULTS: During the 4-year follow-up period, anhedonia was associated with an approximately twofold higher risk of mild cognitive impairment (OR=2.09, 95% CI=1.20–3.64, p=0.008) and fivefold higher risk of dementia (OR=5.07, 95% CI=1.44–17.92, p=0.012) but was not associated with the risk of subjective cognitive decline. In contrast, dysphoria was associated with an approximately twofold higher risk of subjective cognitive decline (OR=2.06, 95% CI=1.33–3.19, p=0.001) and 1.7-fold higher risk of mild cognitive impairment (OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.00–3.05, p=0.048) but was not associated with the risk of dementia. CONCLUSION: Anhedonia, but not dysphoria, is a risk factor of dementia in cognitively-normal elderly individuals.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anhedonia , Apolipoproteins , Cognition Disorders , Cognitive Aging , Cohort Studies , Dementia , Depression , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Genotype , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neuropsychological Tests , Pleasure , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 532-538, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760957

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between normal-but-low folate levels and cognitive function in the elderly population using a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We analyzed 3,910 participants whose serum folate levels were within the normal reference range (1.5–16.9 ng/mL) at baseline evaluation in the population-based prospective cohort study named the “Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia.” The association between baseline folate quartile categories and baseline cognitive disorders [mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia] was examined using binary logistic regression analysis adjusting for confounding variables. The risks of incident MCI and dementia associated with the decline of serum folate level during a 4-year follow-up period were examined using multinomial logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The lowest quartile group of serum folate (≥1.5, ≤5.9 ng/mL) showed a higher risk of cognitive disorders than did the highest quartile group at baseline evaluation (odds ratio 1.314, p=0.012). Over the 4 years of follow-up, the risk of incident dementia was 2.364 times higher among subjects whose serum folate levels declined from the 2nd–4th quartile group to the 1st quartile than among those for whom it did not (p=0.031). CONCLUSION: Normal-but-low serum folate levels were associated with the risk of cognitive disorders in the elderly population, and a decline to normal-but-low serum folate levels was associated with incident dementia. Maintaining serum folate concentration above 5.9 ng/mL may be beneficial for cognitive status.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Cognitive Aging , Cohort Studies , Dementia , Folic Acid , Follow-Up Studies , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Prospective Studies , Reference Values
13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 767-774, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Due to an unprecedented rate of population aging, South Korea is facing a dementia epidemic. For this reason, the Korean Longitudinal Study on Cognitive Aging and Dementia (KLOSCAD) was launched in 2009 with support from the Korean Health Industry Development Institute to investigate the epidemiology, biopsychosocial risk factors, and outcomes of dementia and dementia-related conditions. METHODS: The KLOSCAD is the first nationwide multi-center population-based prospective cohort study. In October 2010, 12,694 individuals were randomly sampled from residents aged 60 years or older who lived in 13 districts across South Korea. In the baseline assessment, which was conducted from November 2010 through October 2012, 6,818 (53.7%) individuals participated. Follow-up assessments have been conducted every two years, with the first follow-up assessment conducted between November 2012 and October 2014, and the second between November 2014 and October 2016. The third is now in progress, and will span from November 2016 to October 2018. Diagnosis of cognitive disorders, neuropsychological battery, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, activities of daily living, physical and neurologic examination and laboratory tests, life styles, quality of life, and identification of death were evaluated in each assessment. RESULTS: The cumulative drop-out rate at the second follow-up assessment was 38.7%. Dementia and mild cognitive impairment were 5.0% and 27.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The KLOSCAD may provide strong scientific evidence for advancing the fight against dementia both in Korea and globally.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aging , Cognitive Aging , Cohort Studies , Dementia , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Life Style , Longitudinal Studies , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neurologic Examination , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors
14.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 677-686, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of physically abusive behaviors (PhAB) and psychologically abusive behaviors (PsAB) towards people with dementia (PWD) in family caregivers, and compared their prevalences between East Asian and Western countries. METHODS: We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of PhAB and PsAB in 467 Korean pairs of community-dwelling PWD and their primary family caregivers. We evaluated abusive behaviors using the Modified Conflict Tactics Scale. In addition, we compared the prevalence of abusive behaviors between Asian and Western countries through a meta-analysis on 12 studies including the current one. RESULTS: More than a half of the caregivers reported PsAB and about one out of seven caregivers admitted PhAB within past three months. PsAB and PhAB were slightly more prevalent in East Asian countries than in Western countries. Non-Alzheimer type and moderate to severe behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia were associated with the risk of PhAB but not with the risk of PsAB. Severe care burden and low income were associated with the risk of PhAB and PsAB. CONCLUSION: PhAB and PsAB were as prevalent in the family caregivers of PWD in Asian countries including Korea as in Western countries. Prevention strategies should be implemented according to the type of abusive behaviors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Caregivers , Dementia , Korea , Prevalence , Risk Factors
15.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 99-105, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficacy of 48-sessioned cognitive stimulation programs (CSP) in solitary elderlies with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: Among 194 subjects, 125 were CSP participants and 69 were controls. Korean version of Mini-Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), Global Deterioration Scale, Seoul-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (S-IADL) and Korean version of Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, Korean Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (KQoL-AD) were assessed. Outcomes were measured at baseline and after 48th session. we analyzed these collected data. RESULTS: In CSP group, MMSE-DS (p8) was 0.873 (95% CI=0.773-0.985). CONCLUSION: CSP improved cognition and quality of life in solitary elderly individuals with MCI or dementia. Also, CSP reduced relative risk of MCI and dementia by 50.8% and ADL impairment by 12.7%. Although we expect CSP might be helpful to prevent cognitive problems of them, appropriate public mental health programs are still needed for their emotional wellbeing.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Alzheimer Disease , Cognition , Dementia , Depression , Mass Screening , Mental Health , Cognitive Dysfunction , Quality of Life
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 80-88, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725035

ABSTRACT

Vascular dementia is a very frequent form of dementia. Debates over classification and diagnostic criteria, and controversy over identifiable treatment targets will continue until distinct pathophysiological mechanism of vascular dementia is found. Clinical diagnostic criteria are sufficiently strong to be useful for clinical trials, but need further refinement. Cognitive changes in vascular dementia are more variable than other disorders, and are dependent on the vascular pathology. Accurate diagnosis of vascular dementia is known to need the presence of reliable cerebrovascular disease on brain imaging. Although it seems obvious that cerebrovascular disease causes pathological damage and impaired cognition, it is very difficult to find the accurate contribution of cerebrovascular pathology to cognitive decline. Most studies have shown a small but significant benefit of cholinesterase inhibitors on cognition, the significance of this effect has been slight and benefits on global functioning, activities of daily living, and behaviour have not been consistently reported. Management of vascular dementia should focus on identifying and managing vascular risk factors.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Classification , Cognition , Dementia , Dementia, Vascular , Diagnosis , Neuroimaging , Pathology , Risk Factors
17.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 371-377, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Despite numerous atypical antipsychotics (AAP) available, many patients with schizophrenia still experience lack of efficacy and persistent side-effects. Switching from one AAP to another with a different side-effect profile has become a common clinical strategy. We aimed to investigate effect of switching to amisulpride in patients who showed suboptimal effect and/or tolerability to current antipsychotics treatment. METHODS: This was a 6-week, prospective, multicenter, open-label, flexible-dose study in patients with schizophrenia. Switching to amisulpride was achieved using cross-titration within 7 days (day 1: 300 mg on day 1 then flexibly dosed 400–800 mg/day). The primary end-point measure was proportion of patients achieving improvement in clinical benefit at week 6 based on Clinical Global Impressions-Clinical Benefit (CGI-CB). Secondary endpoints included change in scores in CGI-CB, CGI-Severity (CGI-S), Subjective Satisfaction Scores (SSS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), and Simpson and Angus Rating Scale. RESULTS: Among 37 patients switched to amisulpride, 76% completed study and 56.8% had clinical benefit measure by CGI-CB. CGI-CB and CGI-S scores showed significant improvement at week 6 compared to baseline (mean changes of CGI-CB and CGI-S scores: −1.7+1.0, p<0.0001 and −0.6±0.0, p=0.001, respectively). SSS scores also improved significantly (mean change: 2.1±2.6, p<0.0001). Mean weight of patients significantly lowered compared to baseline (mean change: −1.2±2.0, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Patients with schizophrenia who showed suboptimal efficacy or tolerability with their current antipsychotics and thereby switched to amisulpride resulted in clinical benefit in terms of both improved efficacy and tolerability. The small sample size limits generalizability of the study results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Prospective Studies , Sample Size , Schizophrenia
18.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 102-107, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive training to Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) in community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: The participant were 786 elders who were aged over 59 years visiting local rest area from February 2015 to November 2015. The demographic data was collected. IADL were evaluated by Seoul-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (S-IADL). Cognitive functions were evaluated by Korean Version of Mini Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS). Before and after cognitive training, we analysed these data. RESULTS: In all 15 items of S-IADL, 4 items (using the telephone, grooming, managing belongings, talking recent events) were specially improved (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: After cognitive training, indoor activities of S-IADL were improved but some items, especially outside activities were not improved for community dwelling elderly. In future, other programs to increase outside activities or social activities should be included in cognitive training programs for community dwelling elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Cognition , Dementia , Education , Grooming , Independent Living , Mass Screening , Telephone
19.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 24-31, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated caregivers' attitudes toward dementia, which may play a key role in the timely treatment and optimal care of people with dementia (PWD), and patient and caregiver factors potentially associated with these attitudes. METHODS: As a part of the Nationwide Survey on Dementia Care in Korea, we evaluated the attitudes of 731 community-dwelling caregivers of PWD with the Dementia Attitude Scale (DAS). Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, we investigated the sociodemographic factors of the caregivers, the clinicodemographic factors of the PWD, and the situational factors of caregiving that may influence caregivers' attitudes. RESULTS: The mean score on the DAS total was 80.65+/-16.0 (maximum : 140). The mean score on the DAS Knowledge subscale, which reflects awareness of dementia, was 42.86+/-9.6 (maximum : 70), and that on the DAS Comfort subscale, which reflects emotional and behavioral attitudes toward dementia, was 37.79+/-10.3 (maximum : 70). Non-spouse caregiver, living in a rural area, completion of a formal care education program (caregiver factors) and female patient, high educational level, high clinical dementia rating and mild behavioral symptoms (patient factors) were associated with a high DAS total score. CONCLUSION: We found much room for improvement in caregivers' attitudes towards PWD in Korea, indicating a need for strategies to improve these attitudes, targeting the at-risk group.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Behavioral Symptoms , Caregivers , Dementia , Education , Korea
20.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 91-96, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of cognitive training in community-dwelling elderly, and to support mental health care system for the elderly. METHODS: We investigated 1,994 and aged over 65 years elderly visiting senior center from April 2014 to July 2014. Their demographic data was investigated. Cognitive functions were evaluated by Korean Version of Mini Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) and Global Deterioration Scale. Quality of life was evaluated by Korean Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (KQoL-AD) and depression by Short Korean Form of Geriatric Depression Scale. Before and after cognitive training, we analysed these data. RESULTS: MMSE-DS, KQoL-AD were significantly higher in score after the cogintive training than before of that (p<0.001). SGDS-K were significantly lower in score after the cognitive training than before of that (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Cognitive training resulted in improvement in cognitive functions, quality of life and depression for communitydwelling elderly. These results suggest that future mental health care policy has to consider the importance of community-dwelling elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Dementia , Depression , Mass Screening , Mental Health , Quality of Life , Senior Centers
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