Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 260-266, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999326

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Surgical management of obstructive left colon cancer (OLCC) is still a matter of debate. The classic Hartmann procedure (HP) has a disadvantage that requires a second major operation. Subtotal colectomy/total abdominal colectomy (STC/TC) with ileosigmoid or ileorectal anastomosis is proposed as an alternative procedure to avoid stoma and anastomotic leakage. However, doubts about morbidity and functional outcome and lack of long-term outcomes have made surgeons hesitate to perform this procedure. Therefore, this trial was designed to provide data for morbidity, functional outcomes, and long-term outcomes of STC/TC. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive cases of OLCC that were treated by STC/TC between January 2000 and November 2020 at a single tertiary referral center. Perioperative outcomes and long-term outcomes of STC/TC were analyzed. @*Results@#Twenty-five descending colon cancer (45.5%) and 30 sigmoid colon cancer cases (54.5%) were enrolled in this study. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients. The majority complication was postoperative ileus (10 of 12). Anastomotic leakage and perioperative mortality were not observed. At 6 to 12 weeks after the surgery, the median frequency of defecation was twice per day (interquartile range, 1–3 times per day). Eight patients (14.5%) required medication during this period, but only 3 of 8 patients required medication after 1 year. The 3-year disease-free survival was 72.7% and 3-year overall survival was 86.7%. @*Conclusion@#The risk of anastomotic leakage is low after STC/TC. Functional and long-term outcomes are also acceptable. Therefore, STC/TC for OLCC is a safe, 1-stage procedure that does not require diverting stoma.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 120-124, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913391

ABSTRACT

Everolimus (Afinitor) is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin. Polmacoxib (Acelex) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that belongs to the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor family and is mainly used for treatment of arthritis. Intestinal perforation has not been reported previously as a complication of everolimus, and perforation of the lower intestinal tract caused by a selective COX-2 inhibitor is extremely rare. We present here a case of colon perforation that occurred after use of polmacoxib in a metastatic breast cancer patient who had been treated with everolimus for the preceding six months.

3.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 68-75, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900334

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute appendicitis is the most common nonobstetric indication for surgical intervention during pregnancy. In the argument of the optimal surgical approach to acute appendicitis in pregnancy, laparoscopy seems to be won with a similar complication rate and shorter postoperative recovery than open. We aimed to compare perioperative outcomes of appendectomy in pregnant and nonpregnant women in the totally laparoscopic age. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 556 nonincidental appendectomies performed in women (aged 18–45 years) between January 2014 and December 2018. To reduce the confounding effects, we used propensity score considering the variables age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, and the operative finding; whether the appendicitis was simple or complicated. After propensity score matching, the outcomes of 15 pregnant women were compared with those of the 30 nonpregnant women. @*Results@#All the operations were performed with laparoscopy. Most of the pregnant cases were in their first and second trimester. The postoperative morbidity rate was significantly higher in the pregnant group before propensity score matching; however, the significance disappeared after matching. Operative outcomes and the parameters related to the postoperative recovery were not different between the two groups. Two patients in their first trimester decided to terminate the pregnancy after appendectomy. One patient in her second trimester experienced preterm labor which was resolved spontaneously. There was no other obstetric adverse outcome. @*Conclusion@#In the laparoscopy age, appendectomy during pregnancy is safe and not associated with a significantly increased risk of postoperative complication.

4.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 91-97, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900331

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of abdominal binder after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. @*Methods@#From August to December 2020, 66 patients who were set to undergo cholecystectomy were selected for a prospective trial at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea, and their clinical characteristics and postoperative surgical outcomes were evaluated. Among 66 patients, 33 patients belong to the abdominal binder group and the other 33 patients belong to the control group. @*Results@#The average hospital stay was 2.46 ± 1.29 days, and was not significantly different between the two groups. The average postoperative pain score (visual analogue scale, 0–10) 12, 24, and 48 hours after surgery were not significantly different. However, the degree of comfort score was significantly higher for the control group patients (2.56 vs. 3.33, p < 0.001). Time to the first ambulation, walking ability, return of bowel function, time to full diet resumption, and the numbers of analgesics and antiemetics administered were not significantly different between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#No postoperative recovery benefit and no reduction in hospital stay was found in patients who used an abdominal binder while undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Statistically, between the group that used the binder and the one that did not, no significant differences in surgical outcome nor postoperative outcome were observed. The only exception was that the degree of comfort score was significantly higher in the control group. Therefore, in terms of patient benefit and convenience, wearing an abdominal binder after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not recommended.

5.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 68-75, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892630

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute appendicitis is the most common nonobstetric indication for surgical intervention during pregnancy. In the argument of the optimal surgical approach to acute appendicitis in pregnancy, laparoscopy seems to be won with a similar complication rate and shorter postoperative recovery than open. We aimed to compare perioperative outcomes of appendectomy in pregnant and nonpregnant women in the totally laparoscopic age. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 556 nonincidental appendectomies performed in women (aged 18–45 years) between January 2014 and December 2018. To reduce the confounding effects, we used propensity score considering the variables age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, and the operative finding; whether the appendicitis was simple or complicated. After propensity score matching, the outcomes of 15 pregnant women were compared with those of the 30 nonpregnant women. @*Results@#All the operations were performed with laparoscopy. Most of the pregnant cases were in their first and second trimester. The postoperative morbidity rate was significantly higher in the pregnant group before propensity score matching; however, the significance disappeared after matching. Operative outcomes and the parameters related to the postoperative recovery were not different between the two groups. Two patients in their first trimester decided to terminate the pregnancy after appendectomy. One patient in her second trimester experienced preterm labor which was resolved spontaneously. There was no other obstetric adverse outcome. @*Conclusion@#In the laparoscopy age, appendectomy during pregnancy is safe and not associated with a significantly increased risk of postoperative complication.

6.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 91-97, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892627

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of abdominal binder after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. @*Methods@#From August to December 2020, 66 patients who were set to undergo cholecystectomy were selected for a prospective trial at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea, and their clinical characteristics and postoperative surgical outcomes were evaluated. Among 66 patients, 33 patients belong to the abdominal binder group and the other 33 patients belong to the control group. @*Results@#The average hospital stay was 2.46 ± 1.29 days, and was not significantly different between the two groups. The average postoperative pain score (visual analogue scale, 0–10) 12, 24, and 48 hours after surgery were not significantly different. However, the degree of comfort score was significantly higher for the control group patients (2.56 vs. 3.33, p < 0.001). Time to the first ambulation, walking ability, return of bowel function, time to full diet resumption, and the numbers of analgesics and antiemetics administered were not significantly different between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#No postoperative recovery benefit and no reduction in hospital stay was found in patients who used an abdominal binder while undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Statistically, between the group that used the binder and the one that did not, no significant differences in surgical outcome nor postoperative outcome were observed. The only exception was that the degree of comfort score was significantly higher in the control group. Therefore, in terms of patient benefit and convenience, wearing an abdominal binder after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not recommended.

7.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 215-222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001340

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There are various opinions about the postoperative complications of the two methods for laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery; totally extraperitoneal repair (TEP) and transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP). The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative course after TAPP and TEP, focusing on immediate postoperative pain, incidence of postoperative urinary retention (POUR), and chronic pain. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed a consecutive series of 344 inguinal hernia patients who were treated with laparoscopic surgery between November 2016 and December 2019 at a single tertiary referral center. @*Results@#Patient demographics did not differ significantly between the groups. The operation time was significantly shorter in the TEP group than in the TAPP group (43.1 ± 14.9 minutes vs. 63.5 ± 16.5 minutes, p < 0.001). The postoperative pain scores were significantly lower in the TEP group than in the TAPP group immediately (3.6 ± 1.3 vs. 4.4 ± 1.1, p < 0.001) and 6 hours (1.5 ± 1.4 vs. 2.3 ± 1.8, p < 0.001) after the operation. The other complications did not differ significantly between the groups. Age was a significant risk factor for POUR (odds ratio [OR], 1.083; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.018–1.151; p = 0.011), and history of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) was a significant risk factor for chronic pain (OR, 5.363; 95% CI, 1.028–27.962; p = 0.046). @*Conclusion@#TEP and TAPP seem to be safe and effective for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and have similar postoperative outcomes. Age was a significant risk factor for POUR, and BPH history was a significant risk factor for chronic pain.

8.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 311-315, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830412

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The low rate of recurrent appendicitis after initial nonsurgical management of complicated appendicitis supports the recently implemented strategy of omitting routine interval appendectomy. However, several reports have suggested an increased incidence rate of neoplasms in these patients. We aimed to identify the risk of neoplasms in the population undergoing interval appendectomy. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive cases of appendicitis that were treated surgically between January 2014 and December 2018 at a single tertiary referral center. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on whether they underwent immediate or interval appendectomy. Demographics and perioperative clinical and pathologic parameters were analyzed. @*Results@#All 2,013 adults included in the study underwent surgical treatment because of an initial diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Of these, 5.5% (111 of 2,013) underwent interval appendectomy. Appendiceal neoplasm was identified on pathologic analysis in 36 cases (1.8%). The incidence of neoplasm in the interval group was 12.6% (14 of 111), which was significantly higher than that of the immediate group (1.2% [22 of 1,902], P < 0.001). Conclusion: The incidence rate of neoplasms was significantly higher in patients undergoing interval appendectomy.These findings should be considered when choosing treatment options after successful nonsurgical management of complicated appendicitis.

9.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 155-162, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830395

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Choosing the appropriate antibiotic is important for treatment of complicated appendicitis. However, increasing multidrug resistant bacteria have been a serious problem for successful treatment. This study was designed to identify bacteria isolated from patients with complicated appendicitis and reveal their susceptibilities for antibiotics and their relationship with patient clinical course. @*Methods@#This study included patients diagnosed with complicated appendicitis and examined the bacterial cultures and antimicrobial susceptibilities of the isolates. Data were retrospectively collected from medical records of Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from January 2008 to February 2018. @*Results@#The common bacterial species cultured in complicated appendicitis were as follows: Escherichia coli (n=113, 48.9%), Streptococcus spp. (n=29, 12.6%), Pseudomonas spp. (n=23, 10.0%), Bacteriodes spp. (n=22, 9.5%), Klebsiella (n=11, 4.8%), and Enterococcus spp. (n=8, 3.5%). In antibiotics susceptibility testing, the positive rate of extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) was 9.1% (21 of 231). The resistance rate to carbapenem was 1.7% (4 of 231), while that to vancomycin was 0.4% (1 of 231). E. coli was 16.8% ESBL positive (19 of 113) and had 22.1% and 19.5% resistance rates to cefotaxime and ceftazidime, respectively. Inappropriate empirical antibiotic treatment (IEAT) occurred in 55 cases (31.8%) and was significantly related with organ/space surgical site infection (SSI) (7 of 55, P=0.005). @*Conclusion@#The rate of antibiotic resistance organisms was high in community-acquired complicated appendicitis in Koreans. Additionally, IEAT in complicated appendicitis may lead to increased rates of SSI. Routine intraoperative culture in patients with complicated appendicitis may be an effective strategy for appropriate antibiotic regimen.

10.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 23-28, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765785

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Safe and effective surgical treatment of peptic ulcer perforations is fundamental to achieve favorable outcomes. We present laparoscopic single figure of eight suturing omentopexy for perforated duodenal ulcer and review associated clinical outcomes. This is a new formulaic surgical technique for laparoscopic omentopexy. METHODS: Laparoscopic single figure of eight suturing omentopexies for perforated duodenal ulcer were completed in 15 consecutive patients between April 2008 and November 2017 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Using prospectively collected data, we performed an observational study on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: The mean age of the 15 patients who underwent laparoscopic repair was 41.7±13.9 years. The perforation site was the anterior duodenal bulb in all patients. The median perforation size was 5 mm (range: 3~8 mm). The mean operation time was 66.7±19.6 minutes. There was no evidence of leakage from the omentopexy site clinically or in the postoperative upper gastrointestinal series. One patient (6.7%) experienced the postoperative complication of pneumothorax. There were no cases of postoperative mortality or reoperation within 30 days after surgery. The median time to tolerance of regular diet was 6 (range: 4~9) days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 7 days (range: 5~11 days). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic single figure of eight suturing omentopexy can be a viable option in the surgical management of perforated duodenal ulcer in selected patients without surgical risk factors. Laparoscopic single figure of eight suturing omentopexy is safe and easy to perform, and may therefore reduce operation time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet , Duodenal Ulcer , Korea , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Mortality , Observational Study , Peptic Ulcer Perforation , Pneumothorax , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Reoperation , Risk Factors , Seoul
11.
Journal of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery ; : 37-47, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765771

ABSTRACT

Obesity is a complex metabolic disease caused by excess body fat, which can be associated with many health problems. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, only small number of patients undergo surgery despite definite benefits. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with flexible device is an essential tool in the evaluation of post bariatric surgery patient. It plays an important role in treating complications occurring after bariatric surgery. Recently, there has been active research and development on endoscopic procedures to achieve similar effects with bariatric surgery in less invasive ways. Endoluminal interventions performed using flexible endoscopy might be less effective than current surgical approaches, but it can offer alternative approaches to the treatment of obesity that are safer and more cost-effective. This article provides an overview of endoscopic procedures for postoperative complication and new emerging endoscopic techniques for primary endoscopic bariatric therapies. Knowing the type, indication, expected effect, and development potential of endoscopic procedures might be of great help to surgeons performing bariatric procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Bariatric Surgery , Bariatrics , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Metabolic Diseases , Obesity , Obesity, Morbid , Postoperative Complications , Surgeons
12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 253-258, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717374

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: According to surgical dogma, patients who are recovering from general anesthesia after abdominal surgery should begin with a clear liquid diet, progress to a full liquid diet and then to a soft diet before taking regular meals. We propose patient-controlled nutrition (PCN), which is a novel concept in postoperative nutrition after abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and effects of PCN. This study was carried out with a total of 179 consecutive patients who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy between August 2014 and July 2016. In the PCN group, diet was advanced depending on the choice of the patients themselves; in the traditional group, diet was progressively advanced to a full liquid or soft diet and then a regular diet as tolerated. The primary endpoints were time to tolerance of regular diet and postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: Time to tolerance of a regular diet (P < 0.001) and postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.001) showed statistically significant differences between the groups. Multivariate analysis using linear regression showed that the traditional nutrition pattern was the only factor associated with postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression showed that traditional nutrition was the only risk factor associated with prolonged postoperative hospital stay (≥3 days). CONCLUSION: After abdominal surgery, PCN may be a feasible and effective concept in postoperative nutrition. In our Early Recovery after Surgery program, our PCN concept may reduce the time to tolerance of a regular diet and shorten the postoperative hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Appendectomy , Diet , Length of Stay , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Meals , Multivariate Analysis , Nutritional Support , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Care , Pregnenolone Carbonitrile , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 143-149, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152593

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is accepted as a standard alternative to open procedures in the management of both benign and malignant colorectal disease. However, the safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic approach for emergency colorectal surgery has not been established. Hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) surgery might be a suitable option for colectomy in an emergency setting. The aim of this study was to report our experience of emergency HAL colectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of consecutive colorectal emergency cases that were treated using HAL colectomy. Patient demographics, indications for surgery, operative details, and postoperative complications were examined. RESULTS: From March 2015 to April 2016, 18 patients underwent emergency HAL colectomy for complicated colorectal disease. Eight patients (44%) had an obstruction that required intraoperative decompression procedure. Sixteen patients (89%) had a perforation (five of which were sealed perforations involving large abscesses and inflammatory changes). Eight patients underwent sigmoidectomy, four underwent anterior resection, one underwent low anterior resection, two underwent left hemicolectomy, and three underwent Hartmann's procedure. There were two instances of open conversion (11%). The median duration of surgery was 178 minutes. The median time to bowel function recovery and median postoperative stay were 3 days and 10 days, respectively. The postoperative complication rate associated with the operation was 33% (6/18). There was one postoperative mortality. CONCLUSION: For the experienced surgeon, HAL can be a reasonable option for emergency colorectal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Colectomy , Colorectal Surgery , Decompression , Demography , Emergencies , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Laparoscopy , Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies
14.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 215-220, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225107

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared a subtotal colectomy to self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) insertion as a bridge to surgery for patients with left colon-cancer obstruction. METHODS: Ninety-four consecutive patients with left colon-cancer obstruction underwent an emergency subtotal colectomy or elective SEMS insertion between January 2007 and August 2014. Using prospectively collected data, we performed a retrospective comparative analysis on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: A subtotal colectomy and SEMS insertion were attempted in 24 and 70 patients, respectively. SEMS insertion technically failed in 5 patients (7.1%). The mean age and rate of obstruction in the descending colon were higher in the subtotal colectomy group than the SEMS group. Sex, underlying disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, and pathological stage showed no statistical difference. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more frequently in patients in the SEMS group (62 of 70, 88.6%) than in patients in the subtotal colectomy group (4 of 24, 16.7%). The overall rate of postoperative morbidity was higher in the SEMS group. No Clavien-Dindo grade III or IV complications occurred in the subtotal colectomy group, but 2 patients (2.9%) died from septic complications in the SEMS group. One patient (4.2%) in the subtotal colectomy group had synchronous cancer. The total hospital stay was shorter in the subtotal colectomy group. The median number of bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was twice per day at postoperative 3–6 months. CONCLUSION: A subtotal colectomy for patients with obstructive left-colon cancer is a clinically and oncologically safer, 1-stage, surgical strategy compared to SEMS insertion as a bridge to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Emergencies , Intestinal Obstruction , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stents
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 781-785, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A subset of patients may develop colorectal cancer after a colonoscopy that is negative for malignancy. These missed or de novo lesions are referred to as interval cancers. The aim of this study was to determine whether interval colon cancers are more likely to result from the loss of function of mismatch repair genes than sporadic cancers and to demonstrate microsatellite instability (MSI). METHODS: Interval cancer was defined as a cancer that was diagnosed within 5 years of a negative colonoscopy. Among the patients who underwent an operation for colorectal cancer from January 2013 to December 2014, archived cancer specimens were evaluated for MSI by sequencing microsatellite loci. RESULTS: Of the 286 colon cancers diagnosed during the study period, 25 (8.7%) represented interval cancer. MSI was found in eight of the 25 patients (32%) that presented interval cancers compared with 22 of the 261 patients (8.4%) that presented sporadic cancers (p=0.002). In the multivariable logistic regression model, MSI was associated with interval cancer (OR, 3.91; 95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 11.05). CONCLUSIONS: Interval cancers were approximately four times more likely to show high MSI than sporadic cancers. Our findings indicate that certain interval cancers may occur because of distinct biological features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Mismatch Repair , Logistic Models , Microsatellite Instability , Microsatellite Repeats
16.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 228-234, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With extended life expectancy, the mean age of patients at the time of diagnosis of colorectal cancer and its treatment, including radical resection, is increasing gradually. We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on postoperative clinical outcomes after a laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancers. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Patients with primary colorectal malignancies or premalignant lesions who underwent laparoscopic colectomies between January 2009 and April 2013 were identified. Patients were divided into 6 groups by age using 70, 75, and 80 years as cutoffs: younger than 70, 70 or older, younger than 75, 75 or older, younger than 80, and 80 or older. Demographics, pathological parameters, and postoperative clinical outcomes, including postoperative morbidity, were compared between the younger and the older age groups. RESULTS: All 578 patients underwent a laparoscopic colorectal resection. The overall postoperative complication rate was 21.1% (n = 122). There were 4 cases of operative mortality (0.7%). Postoperative complication rates were consistently higher in the older groups at all three cutoffs; however, only the comparison with a cutoff at 80 years showed a statistically significant difference between the younger and the older groups. CONCLUSION: Age over 80 is a possible risk factor for postoperative morbidity after a laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Demography , Diagnosis , Laparoscopy , Life Expectancy , Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 269-275, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the learning curves and early postoperative outcomes for conventional laparoscopic (CL) and single incision laparoscopic (SIL) right hemicolectomy (RHC). METHODS: This retrospective study included the initial 35 cases in each group. Learning curves were evaluated by the moving average of operative time, mean operative time of every five consecutive cases, and cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis. The learning phase was considered overcome when the moving average of operative times reached a plateau, and when the mean operative time of every five consecutive cases reached a low point and subsequently did not vary by more than 30 minutes. RESULTS: Six patients with missing data in the CL RHC group were excluded from the analyses. According to the mean operative time of every five consecutive cases, learning phase of SIL and CL RHC was completed between 26 and 30 cases, and 16 and 20 cases, respectively. Moving average analysis revealed that approximately 31 (SIL) and 25 (CL) cases were needed to complete the learning phase, respectively. CUSUM analysis demonstrated that 10 (SIL) and two (CL) cases were required to reach a steady state of complication-free performance, respectively. Postoperative complications rate was higher in SIL than in CL group, but the difference was not statistically significant (17.1% vs. 3.4%). CONCLUSION: The learning phase of SIL RHC is longer than that of CL RHC. Early oncological outcomes of both techniques were comparable. However, SIL RHC had a statistically insignificant higher complication rate than CL RHC during the learning phase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Laparoscopy , Learning , Learning Curve , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 62-67, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-94120

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A balloon dissector is widely used to achieve the preperitoneal space in totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to compare the operative results of TEP cases performed with (the balloon dissection group) or without (the plain dissection group) a balloon dissector. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted with a consecutive series of inguinal hernia repairs performed by a single surgeon in OOO Hospital between April 2008 and April 2012. All 128 patients with full-length video recordings were included. The distribution of the operation method was altered during the study period, from dissection with a balloon dissector to without it. RESULTS: Of 128 cases, 57 belonged to the balloon dissection group and the other 71 belonged to the plain dissection group. The demographic features and clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. Mean operation time (57.7 vs. 45.6 min, p<0.001) and laparoscopic recording time (31.6 vs. 25.0 min, p=0.004) were significantly shorter in the plain dissection group without differences in the degree of bloodstaining and the frequency of peritoneal tearing. Postoperative complications did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Plain dissection may be a safe and feasible alternative method of achieving the preperitoneal space in TEP by an experienced surgeon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Inguinal , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Video Recording
19.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 190-194, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50633

ABSTRACT

Tubular colonic duplication presenting in adults is rare and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 29-year-old lady presenting with a long history of chronic constipation, abdominal mass and repeated episodes of abdominal pain. The abdominal-pelvic computed tomography scan showed segmental bowel wall thickening thought to be small bowel, and dilatation with stasis of intraluminal content. The provisional diagnosis was small bowel duplication. She was scheduled for single port laparoscopic resection. However, a T-shaped tubular colonic duplication at sigmoid colon was found intraoperatively. Resection of the large T-shaped tubular colonic duplication containing multiple impacted large fecaloma and primary anastomosis was performed. There was no perioperative complication. We report, herein, the case of a T-shaped tubular colonic duplication at sigmoid colon in an adult who was successfully treated through mini-laparotomy assisted by single port laparoscopic surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Congenital Abnormalities , Constipation , Dilatation , Laparoscopy
20.
Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology ; : 201-204, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, an increase in well-differentiated rectal neuroendocrine tumors (WRNETs) has been noted. We aimed to evaluate transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) for the treatment of WRNETs. METHODS: Between December 1995 and August 2009, 109 patients with WRNETs underwent TEM. TEM was performed for patients with tumors sizes of up to 20 mm and without a lymphadenopathy. These patients had been referred from other clinics after having been diagnosed with WRNETs by using a colonoscopic biopsy; they had undergone a failed endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) or endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and exhibited an involved resection margin and remaining tumor after ESD or EMR, regardless of the distance from the anal verge. This study included 38 patients that had more than three years of follow-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 51.3 +/- 11.9 years, the mean tumor size was 8.0 +/- 3.9 mm, and no morbidity occurred. Thirty-five patients were asymptomatic. TEM was performed after a colonoscopic resection in 13 cases because of a positive resection margin, a residual tumor or a non-lifting lesion. Complete resections were performed in 37 patients; one patient with a positive margin was considered surgically complete. In one patient, liver metastasis and a recurrent mesorectal node occurred after five and 10 years, respectively. CONCLUSION: TEM might provide an accessible and effective treatment either as an initial or as an adjunct after a colonoscopic resection for a WRNET.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver , Lymphatic Diseases , Microsurgery , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Neuroendocrine Tumors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL