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1.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 178-187, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006519

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the molecular mechanism of resveratrol (RES) in the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) through the use of biological information methods such as network pharmacology and molecular docking and to provide a theoretical reference for the clinical application of RES in the treatment of OSCC.@*Methods@#The Swiss Target Prediction(http://www.swisstargetprediction.ch), SEA (http://sea.bkslab.org)database, and Pharm mapper database(http://lilab-ecust.cn) were used to retrieve RES-related targets, and the DISGENET (www.disgenet.org), OMIM (https://omim.org) and GeneCards (https://www.genecards.org) databases were used to screen OSCC disease targets. The intersection of drugs and disease targets was determined, and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct a "drug-diseasetarget pathway" network. The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) database was used to construct a target protein interaction network, and the DAVID database was used for enrichment analysis of key proteins. Finally, molecular docking validation of key proteins was performed using AutoDock and PyMOL. The enrichment analysis and molecular docking results were integrated to predict the possible molecular mechanisms of RES treatment in OSCC; western blot was used to determine the effect of resveratrol at different concentrations (50, 100) μmol/L on the expression of Src tyrosine kinase (SRC), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), estrogen receptor gene 1 (ESR1), and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling pathway proteins in OSCC HSC-3 cells.@*Results@#A total of 243 targets of RES drugs and 6 094 targets of OSCC were identified. A total of 116 potential common targets were obtained by intersecting drugs with disease targets. These potential targets mainly participate in biological processes such as in vivo protein self-phosphorylation, peptide tyrosine phosphorylation, transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathway, and positive regulation of RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcription, and they interfere with the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to exert anti-OSCC effects. The docking results of resveratrol with OSCC molecules indicated that key targets, such as EGFR, ESR1, and SRC, have good binding activity. The results of cell-based experiments showed that resveratrol inhibited the protein expression of SRC, EGFR, ESR1, p-PI3K, and p-AKT in HSC-3 cells in a dose-dependent manner.@*Conclusion@#RES can inhibit the expression of its targets EGFR, ESR1, SRC, p-PI3K, and p-AKT in OSCC cells.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 567-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of radiation-based sarcopenia in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:A total of 185 clinical and imaging data of patients with MM admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from September 2009 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The area of the erector spinae muscle and the area of fatty infiltration (FI) in the fascial compartment were measured by Image-pro Ρlus software, and the area of the fat-free erector spinae muscle and the fat infiltration rate (FI%) were calculated. Sarcopenia was defined as an erector spinae area of less than 3 197 mm 2 in males and 2 895 mm 2 in females. The differences in gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, hemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, serum calcium, lactate dehydrogenase, serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, receipt of stem cell transplantation, osteopathy, stage, recurrence and progression of MM between the sarcopenia group and the normal muscle group were compared. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of sarcopenia in MM patients. Kaplan-Meier curves were drawn to compare the survival rates between the two groups. Results:53.0% (98/185) of MM patients were complicated with sarcopenia: there were 30 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 25.0±6.0 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 12.0±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 31.5%±12.0%, while there were 68 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 22.7±4.2 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 10.7±4.1 cm 2, and the FI% was 30.2%±9.8%. 47.0% (87/185) of MM patients had normal muscle mass: there were 62 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 40.6±6.5 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.3±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 17.9%±7.4%, while there were 25 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 33.6±5.1 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.9±3.0 cm 2, and the FI% was 21.9%±5.7%. There were statistically significant differences in the gender composition ratio (χ 2=30.47, P<0.001), hemoglobin ( t=-2.73, P=0.007), serum creatinine ( Z=-2.26, P=0.024), receipt of stem cell transplantation (χ 2=4.32, P=0.038), and MM recurrence and progression (χ 2=3.85, P=0.050) between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences in age, body mass index, course of disease, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, serum calcium, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, osteopathy or MM stage ( P>0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that female was an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients. The survival rates at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 87.9%, 71.8%, 64.4%, and 53.7% in the sarcopenia group, and 92.1%, 75.8%, 66.8%, and 66.8% in the normal muscle group, respectively, with no statistically significant differences ( HR=0.71, P=0.364). Conclusion:The incidence of radiation-based sarcopenia in MM patients is 53.0%. Low hemoglobin and blood creatinine levels, not receiving stem cell transplantation, and recurrence or progression of MM are associated with sarcopenia in MM patients, and female is an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 731-744, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982448

ABSTRACT

Acetylcholine (ACh) is an important neuromodulator in various cognitive functions. However, it is unclear how ACh influences neural circuit dynamics by altering cellular properties. Here, we investigated how ACh influences reverberatory activity in cultured neuronal networks. We found that ACh suppressed the occurrence of evoked reverberation at low to moderate doses, but to a much lesser extent at high doses. Moreover, high doses of ACh caused a longer duration of evoked reverberation, and a higher occurrence of spontaneous activity. With whole-cell recording from single neurons, we found that ACh inhibited excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) while elevating neuronal firing in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, all ACh-induced cellular and network changes were blocked by muscarinic, but not nicotinic receptor antagonists. With computational modeling, we found that simulated changes in EPSCs and the excitability of single cells mimicking the effects of ACh indeed modulated the evoked network reverberation similar to experimental observations. Thus, ACh modulates network dynamics in a biphasic fashion, probably by inhibiting excitatory synaptic transmission and facilitating neuronal excitability through muscarinic signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Cholinergic Agents/pharmacology , Acetylcholine/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Synaptic Transmission/physiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 14-21, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935344

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze mortality and its trend of chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) in China from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Based on the provincial results of China from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the average annual percent change (AAPC) of standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were analyzed by using Joinpoint 4.8.0.1, and the age-standardized mortality rate of CRD was calculated by using the GBD 2019 world standard population. Based on the comparative risk assessment theory of GBD, the attributable deaths due to 12 CRD risk factors were estimated, including smoking, indoor air pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulates and smog exposure, environmental particulate pollution, low temperature, passive smoking, ozone pollution, occupational exposure to silica, occupational asthma, high body mass index, high temperature and occupational exposure to asbestos. Results: From 1990 to 2019, the number of deaths and standardized mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) showed a downward trend (P<0.001). The number of COPD deaths decreased from 1 244 000 (912 000 - 1 395 000) in 1990 to 1 037 000 (889 000 - 1 266 000) in 2019. AAPC=-0.9% (95%CI: -1.5% - -0.3%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate decreased from 217.9/100 000 (163.3/100 000 - 242.0/100 000) in 1990 to 65.2/100 000 (55.5/100 000 - 80.1/100 000) in 2019. AAPC= -4.2% (95%CI:-5.2% - -3.2%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from asthma decreased from 40 000 (30 000 - 58 000) in 1990 to 25 000 (20 000 - 31 000) in 2019. AAPC=-2.0% (95%CI: -2.6% - -1.4%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate of asthma decreased from 6.4/100 000 (4.7/100 000 - 9.5/100 000) in 1990 to 1.5/100 000 (1.2/100 000 - 1.9/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-5.1% (95%CI: -5.8% - -4.4%), P<0.001. The number of pneumoconiosis deaths decreased from 11 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 1990 to 10 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 2019, AAPC=-0.2%(95%CI:-0.4% - 0.1%), P=0.200; The standardized mortality rate of pneumoconiosis decreased from 1.4/100 000 (1.0/100 000 - 1.7/100 000) in 1990 to 0.5/100 000 (0.4/100 000 - 0.7/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-3.1% (95%CI: -3.4% - -2.8%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from pulmonary interstitial diseases and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased from 3 000 (3 000 - 6 000) in 1990 to 8 000 (6 000 - 10 000) in 2019, AAPC=3.5% (95%CI: 2.7% - 4.2%), P<0.001; The corresponding standardized mortality rate changed little from 1990 to 2019, and AAPC was not statistically significant.The age-standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were higher in men than those in women. In 1990 and 2019, the mortality rates of COPD, asthma, pneumoconiosis and interstitial pulmonary disease and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased with age. In 2019, the population attributable fractions (PAFs) for smoking, environmental particulate pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, low temperature exposure and passive smoking were 71.1% (68.0% - 74.3%), 24.7% (20.1% - 30.0%), 19.3% (13.0% - 25.4%), 15.7% (13.6% - 18.3%) and 8.8% (4.5% - 13.1%) respectively in men, and the PAFs for environmental particulate pollution, smoking, low temperature exposure, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, and passive smoking were 24.1% (19.6% - 29.3%), 21.9% (18.7% - 25.2%), 16.4% (14.0% - 19.2%), 15.6% (10.2% - 21.1%) and 14.7% (7.9% - 21.3%) respectively in women. Conclusions: During 1990-2019, the overall death level of CRD decreased significantly in China, but it is still at high level in the world. Active prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the death level caused by CRD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Asthma , China/epidemiology , Global Burden of Disease , Mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quality-Adjusted Life Years
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 127-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of autophagy on liver injury with obstructive jaundice in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and its underlying mechanism.Methods:Thirty-five healthy male SD rats, SPF grade, aged 6-8 weeks, weighting 200-300 g, were divided into 5 groups with 7 rats in each group, including sham group (simple free common bile duct, without ligation, intraperitoneal injection of normal saline), obstructive jaundice (OJ) group (established by common bile duct ligation, intraperitoneal injection of normal saline), OJ group with 3-MA, OJ group with Rapamycin, and OJ group with 3-MA and VX-765. Morphological changes in liver tissues were analyzed with HE staining. Expression of autophagy-related protein Atg5 was detected by immunohistochemistry staining. Liver function was analyzed by automatic biochemical instrument and the level of serum interleukin (IL)-18 was detected using ELISA assay. Protein levels of autophagy related-proteins and endoplasmic reticulum stressed (ERs)-related apoptosis proteins were detected by Western Blot.Results:The relative expression of autophagy related protein Atg5 in OJ group was significantly higher than that in sham group [(5.0±1.0) vs. (2.8±1.3), t=-3.00, P<0.05]. Compared with sham group, the activity of autophagy was enhanced and the protein levels of Caspase-1/p-65 and IL-18 were significantly increased in OJ group. At the same time, apoptosis was induced by activating ERs. In OJ group, the autophagy inducer 3-MA improved the expression levels of Caspase-1/p-65 and IL-18, and aggravate liver injury. While after applying the autophagy agonist Rapamycin in OJ rat models, the expression of Caspase-1/p-65 and IL-18 was repressed and liver damage was also reduced. In addition, in rat OJ groups with 3-MA, inhibition of Caspase-1 by VX-765 could down regulate the expression of Caspase-1/p-65 and IL-18, and protect against liver injury. Conclusions:Both ERs related apoptosis and autophagy were activated after ligation of common bile duct. Besides, activation of autophagy could reduce OJ-induced liver injury in SD rats by inhibiting the Caspase-1/p-65 inflammatory pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 433-438, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958805

ABSTRACT

The salary reform of public hospitals has a positive incentive effect on enhancing the public welfare of public hospitals, stimulating the enthusiasm of medical staff, and promoting high-quality development. The authors introduced the practice and exploration of the sequential salary system reform in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology since 2018. It included the reform of physician performance based on medical groups, the reform of nursing performance based on vertical nursing management, the reform of medical technology performance based on resource marginal utilization, and the reform of management performance based on job responsibilities and 360°evaluation. The practice has showed that the salary reform could promote the improvement of medical service ability, improve nurses′ satisfaction, shorten the waiting time for medical technical examination, and steadily improve the performance of " National Examination" and the comprehensive ranking of hospitals. When studying and implementing the policy requirements of salary system reform, hospitals in different regions should take measures in accordance with local conditions, with accurate and safe information systems as the support, and focus on the distribution mode, compensation structure and funding sources.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 180-183, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958754

ABSTRACT

Because the work of administrative and logistics personnel in public hospitals is difficult to quantify and evaluate, its performance reform is difficult. A large public hospital in Wuhan has explored and established a distribution incentive mechanism that combines department performance appraisal, individual classification and grading, and secondary distribution within the department. Taking into account the completion of performance appraisal indicators of the national tertiary public hospital in the department, the results of the institutional " Excellent Management Team Ranking" , personal job grades, working years and other factors, a relatively mature and operable system has been formed, which could provide reference for the performance reform of other hospitals.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 173-179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958753

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of the comprehensive reform process of public hospitals and the further refinement of high-quality development requirements, the reform of compensation system of public hospitals has also begun. Taking a hospital as an example, the authors deeply analyzed the four-dimensional performance appraisal scheme of medical technology departments based on resource-based relative value scale concept, with workload assessment as the foundation, multi-dimensional cost assessment as the emphasis, work efficiency as the spur and work quality as the foundation, and introduced the process of implementing the distribution scheme guided by knowledge value to the secondary distribution of departments. The performance appraisal scheme could scientifically reflect the work value of medical staff in medical and technical departments, strengthen the department′s awareness of cost control, improve the efficiency and quality of the department′s work, significantly motivate the medical and technical staff, and deepen the modern management of hospitals.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 772-777, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of cell migration-inducing hyaluronidase 1 (CEMIP) on biological function of gallbladder cancer GBC-SD cells and its possible mechanism.Methods:The expression of CEMIP in biliary epithelial cell line HIBEC and gallbladder cancer cell line NOZ and GBC-SD was detected by Western blot. GBC-SD cells in logarithmic growth phase were divided into blank control group, negative control group (transfection with nonsense siRNA), siCEMIP-1 group (transfection with siCEMIP-1) and siCEMIP-2 group (transfection with siCEMIP-2). The expression of CEMIP and binding immunoglobulin protein (Bip) and calreticulin (CRT) in GBC-SD cells was detected by Western blot after culturing for 48h in blank control group, negative control group, siCEMIP-1 and siCEMIP-2 group. The relative survival rate was determined by CCK-8 assay. The wound healing rate and apoptotic rate was detected by wound healing assay and flow cytometry. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated by Transwell chamber assay. Twelve 5-week-old BALB/c-nude mice were selected and divided into control group and experimental group (6 mice in each group). GBC-SD cells and GBC-SD cells with silenced CEMIP were subcutaneously injected into the right armpit (forelimb) of the two groups of mice, respectively. The volume and weight of transplanted tumor were compared 33 days later.Results:Compared with HIBEC cells, the relative protein level of CEMIP in gallbladder cancer GBC-SD cells [(0.750±0.034) vs. (0.120±0.002)] and NOZ cells [(0.690±0.013) vs. (0.120±0.002)] was significantly higher ( P<0.05). Compared with blank control group and negative control group, the relative protein level of CEMIP, Bip and CRT in siCEMIP-1 group and siCEMIP-2 group was significantly lower ( P<0.05). Compared with blank control group and negative control group, the relative survival rate and wound healing rate and number of migration cells and invading cells in siCEMIP-1 group and siCEMIP-2 group were also significantly lower ( P<0.05). While the apoptotic rate in siCEMIP-1 group and siCEMIP-2 group were higher than that in blank control group and negative control group ( P<0.05). Compared with control group, the average tumor volume [(543.6±114.7) vs. (801.5±256.3) mm 3] and tumor weight [(0.453±0.093) vs. (0.728±0.278) g ] of the experimental group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:CEMIP was up-regulated in gallbladder cancer cell line GBC-SD and NOZ. Silencing CEMIP inhibited cell proliferation, wound healing rate, migration and invasion, and promoted apoptosis in gallbladder cancer GBC-SD cells, which may be related to the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone Bip and CRT expression.

10.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 63-67, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924022

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between follow-up service, personal characteristics, lifestyle and blood sugar management of diabetic patients in Gansu Province, and put forward scientific suggestions on influencing blood sugar management of diabetic patients. Methods Based on the data of the 6th National Health Service Questionnaire, 273 subjects were included. Chi-square test and unconditional logistic regression were used to analyze the blood glucose control and its influencing factors of diabetic patients. Results A total of 39.56% patients' blood sugar status was well controlled. 76.92% patients signed up for family doctor service, and 77.66% patients took hypoglycemic drugs according to the law of doctor's advice. There were significant differences in blood sugar control among patients in different regions, educational levels and occupational types (P <0.05) , logistic regression analysis showed that Hui patients (OR=0.21), doctors without family contract (OR=2.86) and patients taking hypoglycemic drugs intermittently (OR = 6.58). Conclusion The blood sugar control rate of diabetic patients in Gansu is low, and the nationality, contracted family doctors and medication plan affect the blood sugar control level of patients. In order to ensure the high efficiency of follow-up treatment, the related follow-up services provided by primary medical institutions, it is necessary to provide self-management programs that meet the individual characteristics and meet the needs of the disease.

11.
Biol. Res ; 55: 16-16, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Betahistine is a clinical medication for the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Otolin, a secreted glycoprotein with a C-terminal globular domain homologous to the immune complement C1q, has been identified as a biomarker for BPPV. However, the role of complement C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) with a C-terminal globular domain in BPPV is unclear, so we explored the change of CTRPs in betahistine treated BPPV. METHODS: We treated BPPV patients with Betahistine (12 mg/time, 3 times/day) for 4 weeks and observed the clinical efficacy and the expression of CTRP family members in BPPV patients. Then, we constructed a vertigo mice model of vestibular dysfunction with gentamicin (150 mg/Kg) and a BPPV model of Slc26a4loop/loop mutant mice. Adenoviral vectors for CTRP expression vector and small interfering RNA were injected via the intratympanic injection into mice and detected the expression of CTRP family members, phosphorylation levels of ERK and AKT and the expression of PPARγ. In addition, we treated mice of vestibular dysfunction with Betahistine (10 mg/Kg) and/or ERK inhibitor of SCH772984 (12 mg/Kg) and/or and PPARγ antagonist GW9662 (1 mg/Kg) for 15 days, and evaluated the accuracy of air righting reflex, the time of contact righting reflex and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior. RESULTS: After treatment with Betahistine, the residual dizziness duration and the score of the evaluation were reduced, and the expression of CTRP1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 were significantly increased in BPPV patients. We also found that Betahistine improved the accuracy of air righting reflex, reduced the time of contact righting reflex and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior in gentamicin-treated mice and Slc26a4loop/loop mutant mice. The expression levels of CTRP1, 3, 6, 9 and 12, phosphorylation levels of ERK and AKT, and PPARγ expression were significantly increased, and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior were decreased in vestibular dysfunction mice with overexpression of CTRPs. Silencing CTRPs has the opposite effect. SCH772984 reversed the effect of Betahistine in mice with vestibular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Betahistine alleviates BPPV through inducing production of multiple CTRP family members and activating the ERK1/2-AKT/PPARy pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Betahistine/therapeutic use , Betahistine/pharmacology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/drug therapy , MAP Kinase Signaling System , PPAR gamma , Dizziness/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 421-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876071

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To report the short-term outcomes of a standardized, simplified and reproducible strategy of mitral valvuloplasty (MVP), which was focused on leaflet foldoplasty and anatomic anomalies of congenital mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods    Consecutive 74 patients who underwent MVP by our standardized strategy in our institution from 2016 to 2018 were included retrospectively. There were 30 males and 44 females with a median age of 18.5 (6-146) months and weight of 15.4 (7-51) kg. Results    Anatomic anomalies of MR included: (1) subvalvular apparatus: 72 (97.3%) patients with mal-connected chordae tendineae, 31 (41.9%) with absent chordae tendineae and 14 (18.9%) with fused or dysplastic papillary muscle; (2) leaflet: 10 (13.5%) patients with cleft of anterior leaflet, 61 (82.4%) with leaflet prolapse including 56 (91.8%) with anterior leaflet prolapse; (3) annulus: 71 (95.9%) patients with annular dilatation. Leaflet foldoplasty was performed in 61 (82.4%) patients with leaflet prolapse. All patients were successfully discharged and 4 (5.4%) patients were with moderate MR. The follow-up time was 22.0 (9.1-41.8) months. During the follow-up period, 3 patients had moderate MR and 1 patient had reoperation for severe MR. All patients were in normal cardiac function with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 66.0%±6.1%. In addition, the mean left ventricular end-diastolic dimension was 31.8±6.0 mm, which was significant smaller than that before the operation (t=6.090, P<0.000 1). Conclusion    The standardized leaflet foldoplasty with resection of mal-connected chordae tendineae and posterior annuloplasty technique is safe and feasible with favorable short-term outcomes in MR patients.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1933-1940, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth cause of cancer death in China. We aimed to provide national and subnational estimates and changes of CRC premature mortality burden during 2005-2020.@*METHODS@#Data from multi-source on the basis of the national surveillance mortality system were used to estimate mortality and years of life lost (YLL) of CRC in the Chinese population during 2005-2020. Estimates were generated and compared for 31 provincial-level administrative divisions in China.@*RESULTS@#Estimated CRC deaths increased from 111.41 thousand in 2005 to 178.02 thousand in 2020; age-standardized mortality rate decreased from 10.01 per 100,000 in 2005 to 9.68 per 100,000 in 2020. Substantial reduction in CRC premature mortality burden, as measured by age-standardized YLL rate, was observed with a reduction of 10.20% nationwide. Marked differences were observed in the geographical patterns of provincial units, and they appeared to be obvious in areas with higher economic development. Population aging was the dominant driver which contributed to the increase in CRC deaths, followed by population growth and age-specific mortality change.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Substantial discrepancies were observed in the premature mortality burden of CRC across China. Targeted considerations were needed to promote a healthy lifestyle, expand cost-effective CRC early screening and diagnosis, and improve medical treatment to reduce CRC mortality among high-risk populations and regions with inadequate healthcare resources.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 959-962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886542

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the reoperation experience for complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD) with severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) by standardized mitral repair-oriented strategy. Methods    From 2016 to 2019, 11 CAVSD patients underwent reoperation for severe LAVVR by standardized mitral repair-oriented strategy at Fuwai Hospital, including 5 males and 6 females with a median age of 56 (22-152) months. The pathological characteristics of severe LAVVR, key points of repair technique and mid-term follow-up results were analyzed. Results    The interval time between the initial surgery and this surgery was 48 (8-149) months. The aortic cross-clamp time was 54.6±21.5 min and the cardiopulmonary bypass time was 107.4±38.1 min, ventilator assistance time was 16.4±16.3 h. All patients recovered smoothly with no early or late death. The patients were followed up for 29.0±12.8 months, and the echocardiograph showed trivial to little mitral regurgitation in 5 patients, little regurgitation in 5 patients and moderate regurgitation in 1 patient. The classification (NYHA) of cardiac function was class Ⅰ in all patients. Conclusion    Standardized mitral repair-oriented strategy is safe and effective in the treatment of severe LAVVR after CAVSD surgery, and the mid-term results are satisfied.

15.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 18-22,33, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express and purify recombinant human collagen type Ⅲ and evaluate its properties.Methods:The recombinant genetic engineering strain pET30a(+)-1880/pACYCDuet-hy726/bL21(DE3) was constructed to stably co-express recombinant human type Ⅲ collagen (rhCol) and prolyl hydroxylase. rhCol was prepared and purified by E. coli high-density fermentation, salting out and column chromatography protein purification technology. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to determine the purity of rhCol. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of rhCol were determined by automatic protein polypeptide sequencing instrument. The hydroxyproline content of rhCol was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The cellular compatibility of rhCol was evaluated by MTT assay. Results:The final wet weight of high-density fermentation was about 200 g/L. The expression level was about 3 g/L. The purity of rhCol by affinity chromatography was over 95%. The results showed that the hydroxyproline content of rhCol was 11.44%, and the rhCol products have good water solubility and cell compatibility.Conclusions:RhCol can be widely applied to the field of skin care and biomedicine as an excellent biological material.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 691-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881244

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical outcomes and experience of surgical treatment for patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD) above the optimal age for surgery. Methods    We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 163 simple type CAVSD patients less than 7 years who underwent operations in Fuwai Hospital from 2002 to 2013. The patients were divided into a normal group (n=84, including 37 males and 16 females with an average age of 7.6±2.7 months) and an over-age group (n=79, including 30 males and 49 females with an average age of 34.6±19.6 months) according to whether the age was more than 1 year. Results    The average aortic cross clamp time (88.3±24.4 min vs. 106.1±35.4 min, P<0.001) and cardiopulmonary bypass time (123.6±31.1 min vs. 142.6±47.1 min, P=0.003) were statistically different between the two groups. During the follow-up period (the normal group 53.3±43.9 months, the over-age group 57.2±48.2 months), there was no statistical difference in all-cause mortality (10.7% vs. 8.9%, P=0.691), the incidence of moderate or severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (16.7% vs. 21.5%, P=0.430) and reintervention rate (3.6% vs. 0.0%, P=0.266) between the two groups. No left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and complete atrioventricular block occurred in both groups. Conclusion    For CAVSD children above the optimal age, rational surgical treatments can also achieve satisfying results.

17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 230-234, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878725

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of dual-layer detector energy spectral CT in resting myocardial perfusion imaging for patients with normal coronary artery. Methods One hundred and fifty-six patients with suspected coronary heart disease underwent dual-layer detector energy spectral CT coronary angiography,and resting myocardial perfusion imaging was performed for 28 patients with normal coronary artery.According to American Heart Association's 17-segmentmodel,the iodine density and effective atomic number(Z


Subject(s)
Humans , Computed Tomography Angiography , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 498-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822483

ABSTRACT

@#To analyze the mid-long-term outcomes of surgical balloon valvuloplasty (SBV) for right ventricular decompression in the treatment of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS). Methods    Clinical data of consecutive 91 patients who were diagnosed with PA/IVS and underwent SBV in our institution from January 2005 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 52 (57.1%) males and 39 (42.9%) females. The median age was 3 months (1 d, 24 months) and the median weight was 4.1 (2.5, 12.0) kg. Results    The SBV was performed in all patients, and 62 of whom received other simultaneous surgeries, including ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, 33 patients), ligation of PDA with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (23 patients), ligation of PDA with bidirectional Glenn shunt (6 patients). There was no early postoperative death. The median follow-up time was 8.8 (2.5, 13.4) years, 4 patients were lost. There were 7 (8.0%) deaths and 1 (1.1%) patient with a re-SBV for pulmonary stenosis. The one and a half ventricular repair was performed in 5 (5.7%) patients and Fontan procedure in 2 (2.3%) patients. In addition, the mean Z-value of tricuspid valve annulus was −1.7±1.5, which was significant bigger than that before the operation (t=5.587, P<0.001). Conclusion    SBV via right ventricular outflow tract for right ventricular decompression in the treatment of PA/IVS is safe and reliable. The majority of patients can receive biventricular repair instead of single ventricular palliation by SBV with individually customized shunt.

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 276-281, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805061

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of aspirin combined with metformin on the apoptosis of thyroid cancer TPC-1 cells and its mechanism.@*Methods@#The proliferation and apoptosis of TPC-1 cells treated with different concentrations of aspirin and metformin were detected using cell count kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3), p62 and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3 (caspase-3) after treatment with aspirin, metformin and 3-Methyladenine (3-MA).@*Results@#The relative cell viability of TPC-1 cells treated with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 mmol/L aspirin for 24 and 48 hours were (85.6±9.1)%, (79.9±8.6)%, (57.0±5.3)%, (55.7±5.4)%; (76.7±2.8)%, (75.4±6.1)%, (46.1±4.1)%, (36.3±3.2)%, respectively. The value of half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) for 24 and 48 hours were 4.297 mmol/L, 2.133 mmol/L, respectively. The apoptotic rate in the 1 mmol/L aspirin treatment group and negative control group were (29.2±8.5)%, (4.2±2.9)%, respectively (P<0.05). Moreover, treatment with metformin increased the protein expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio, and decreased the expression of p62, while treatment with aspirin decreased the expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio and increased the expression of p62. The relative cell viability of TPC-1 cells treated with metformin, 3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor, and 3-MA combined with metformin were (73.2±9.2)%, (95.8±3.3)%, (59.9±9.2)%, respectively. The apoptotic rates in these groups were (35.5±1.5)%, (12.3±1.4)%, (49.9±5.4)%, respectively. Compared with the metformin group, the relative cell viability in metformin combined with 3-MA group was significantly lower while the apoptotic rate was higher (P<0.05), which indicated that treatment with 3-MA enhanced the metformin-induced apoptosis of TPC-1 cells. The relative cell viability of TPC-1 cells in metformin group, aspirin group, metformin combined with aspirin group were (87.3±11.8)%, (85.7±9.6)%, (72.4±8.8)%, respectively. The apoptotic rates in these groups were (29.7±4.0)%, (30.5±6.5)%, (52.5±4.6)%, respectively. Compared with the metformin or aspirin group, the relative cell viability in metformin combined with aspirin group was significantly lower, while the apoptotic rate was higher (P<0.05), which indicated that aspirin enhanced the metformin-induced apoptosis of TPC-1 cells.@*Conclusions@#Our findings indicate that metformin-mediated autophagy plays a protective role in metformin-induced apoptosis and proliferation inhibition. Aspirin enhances the metformin-induced apoptosis of thyroid cancer TPC-1 cells through inhibition of autophagy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 172-176, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744148

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects between the dual-cycle intensive training mode (DCITM) of "teaching-in vitro-in vivo-summary-in vitro-in vivo-assessment" and the single-cycle basic training mode (BTM) of "teaching-in vitro-tn vivo-assessment" on training graduate students majoring in cardiovascular surgery.Methods Eight graduate students majoring in cardiovascular surgery received the basic training of coronary artery bypass vascular anastomosis under the mode of BTM or DCITM.Then the training effects were evaluated by scoring of experts.Besides,SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used to analyze the evaluation results.Results Compared with students who received BTM,the postgraduates trained by DCITM became more skilled in vascular anastomosis.In vitro,the average number of anastomosis completed by trainee increased significantly [(2.0 ± 1.0) vs.(5.0 ± 1.5),P<0.05] over a specified period of time,the vascular leakage rate was significantly reduced [(92 ± 5)% vs.(30 ± 2)%,P<0.05],and the average time per anastomosis was significantly shorter [in vitro:(20.1 ± 2.5) min vs.(12.6 ± 3.3) min,P<0.05].There was also a statistically significant difference in the average time of each anastomosis in miniature pigs with coronary vascular anastomosis [in vivo:(30 ± 2) min vs.(21 ± 3) min,P<0.05].Conclusion Taken into together,DCITM is a highly efficient mode for promoting the quality of cardiovascular-surgery-teaching and enhancing the effectiveness of training in clinical surgical skills.

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