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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1)feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385574

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study aims to investigate the effect of Tangzhouling on the morphological changes of Nissl bodies in the dorsal root ganglion of DM Rats. In this study, 69 rats were randomly divided into a control group (n = 10) and a model group (n = 59). The rats in the model group were randomly divided into a diabetic group (n = 11), a vitamin C group (n = 12), a low dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12), a medium dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12) and a high dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12). The dose of Tangzhouling in the low dose group was 5 times that of the adult dose, being 0.44g/kg/d. The dose of Tangzhouling in the medium dose group was 10 times that of the adult dose, being 0.88g/kg/d. The dose of Tangzhouling in the high dose group was 20 times that of the adult dose, being 1.75g/kg/d. All doses above are crude drug dosages. Rats in the vitamin C group were given 10 times the dose of an adult, being, 0.05 g/ kg/d. The diabetic group and the control group were given the same amount of distilled water. Drug delivery time is 16 weeks. The dorsal root ganglion was placed in a freezing tube at the end of the experiment. The morphological changes of Nissl bodies in the dorsal root ganglion were detected by HE and Nissl staining. The study results showed that vitamin C had no significant effect on the quantity, size and nucleolus. Tangzhouling can improvee the morphology, quantity and nucleolus of Nissl bodies to a certain extent, and the high dose is better than the lower dose. Tangzhouling capsules can improve the nerve function of DM rats through Nissl bodies.


RESUMEN: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el efecto de Tangzhouling en los cambios morfológicos de los cuerpos de Nissl en el ganglio de la raíz dorsal de las ratas DM. En este estudio, 69 ratas se dividieron aleatoriamente en un grupo control (n = 10) y un grupo modelo (n = 59). Las ratas del grupo modelo se dividieron aleatoriamente en un grupo diabéticos (n = 11), un grupo vitamina C (n = 12), un grupo de dosis baja de Tangzhouling (n = 12), un grupo de dosis media de Tangzhouling (n = 12) y un grupo de dosis alta de Tangzhouling (n = 12). La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis baja fue 5 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 0,44 g/kg/d. La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis media fue 10 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 0,88 g/kg/d. La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis alta fue 20 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 1,75 g/kg/d. Todas las dosis anteriores son dosis de fármaco crudo. Se les administró 10 veces la dosis de un adulto a las ratas del grupo vitamina C, siendo 0,05 g/kg/d. El grupo de diabéticos y el grupo de control recibieron la misma cantidad de agua destilada. El tiempo de entrega del fármaco fue de 16 semanas. El ganglio de la raíz dorsal se colocó en un tubo de congelación al final del experimento. Los cambios morfológicos de los cuerpos de Nissl en el ganglio de la raíz dorsal se detectaron mediante tinción de HE y Nissl. Los resultados del estudio mostraron que la vitamina C no tuvo un efecto significativo sobre la cantidad, el tamaño y el nucléolo. Tangzhouling puede mejorar la morfología, la cantidad y el nucléolo de los cuerpos de Nissl hasta cierto punto, y es mejor la dosis alta que la dosis baja. Las cápsulas de Tangzhouling pueden mejorar la función nerviosa de las ratas DM a través de los cuerpos de Nissl.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904733

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Conebeam CT (CBCT) was used to measure the palatine between the maxillary first and second molars. The proximal and distal palatal widths of the maxillary first and second molar and the palatal mucosal thickness and bone tissue thickness when microscrew implant anchorage nail were implanted at different angles provided a reference for the clinical selection of microscrew implant placement.@* Methods@#The image data of 90 adult patients were selected as the research object, and the jaw bone was reconstructed by scanning. In maxillary palatine, selection of distances at 12 mm, 14 mm, 16 mm, and 18 mm from the palatal apex of maxillary first molar between the maxillary first and second molar were used as measurement, measured the proximal and distal palatal widths of maxillary first and second molar and the palatal mucosal thickness and bone tissue thickness when microscrew implant anchorage nails were implanted at 30 °, 45 °, 60 °, and 90 °. SPSS 26.0 software was used for one-way ANOVA and LSD pair comparison. @*Results@#The larger the angle of the microscrew implant anchorage nail was, the smaller the proximal and distal medial widths between the maxillary first and second molar, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Compared with the 90° direction, the proximal and distal medial widths of the microscrew implant anchorage nail were larger in the 60° direction. The greater the angle of implantation, the smaller the mucosal thickness and the greater the bone tissue thickness, and the results showed a significant difference (P < 0.001). Compared with the direction of 30° and 45°, the mucosal thickness at the direction of 60° was smaller, and the bone tissue thickness was larger. The higher the position of the microscrew implant anchorage nail, the greater the width of the proximal and distal medial, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Compared with the positions 12 and 14 mm from the palatal tip, the proximal and distal medial widths of the microscrew implant anchorage nail were larger. The higher the implant position was, the greater the mucosal thickness and the smaller the bone tissue thickness. The results showed a significant difference (P < 0.001). Compared with the position of 18 mm from the palatal tip of the maxillary first molar, the mucosal thickness was smaller and the bone tissue thickness was larger.@*Conclusion@#It is most appropriate to implant microscrew implant anchorage nail at least 10 mm in length in the direction of 60° at the palatal apex 16 mm from the maxillary first molar in palatine between the first and second molar.

3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 401-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936026

ABSTRACT

Microcirculatory dysfunction is an important pathophysiological change of shock. In the last decade, many researches on the mechanism of microcirculatory dysfunction have been involved in areas such as the glycocalyx damage of vascular endothelial cells, macrocirculation- microcirculation discoupling, vascular hyporeactivity, and microcirculation monitoring. Accordingly, this paper discussed how these research findings can be applied to burn patients, with the aim of alerting the clinicians to improving microcirculation, and maintaining hemodynamic coordination during the treatment of burn shock and burn septic shock. In addition, with the development of accurate and reliable microcirculation monitoring techniques, it is necessary to carry out multi-center clinical trials to reveal the clinical significance of target-oriented shock resuscitation protocol combining macrocirculatory and microcirculatory parameters.


Subject(s)
Burns/therapy , Endothelial Cells , Hemodynamics/physiology , Humans , Microcirculation/physiology , Resuscitation , Shock , Shock, Septic/therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 435-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the heterogeneity and correlation of clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with disorders of sex development (DSD). Methods: A retrospective study of 1 235 patients with clinically proposed DSD in 36 pediatric medical institutions across the country from January 2017 to May 2021. After capturing 277 DSD-related candidate genes, second-generation sequencing was performed to analyzed the heterogeneity and correlation combined with clinical phenotypes. Results: Among 1 235 children with clinically proposed DSD, 980 were males and 255 were females of social gender at the time of initial diagnosis with the age ranged from 1 day of age to 17.92 years. A total of 443 children with pathogenic variants were detected through molecular genetic studies, with a positive detection rate of 35.9%. The most common clinical phenotypes were micropenis (455 cases), hypospadias (321 cases), and cryptorchidism (172 cases) and common mutations detected were in SRD5A2 gene (80 cases), AR gene (53 cases) and CYP21A2 gene (44 cases). Among them, the SRD5A2 mutation is the most common in children with simple micropenis and simple hypospadias, while the AMH mutation is the most common in children with simple cryptorchidism. Conclusions: The SRD5A2 mutation is the most common genetic variant in Chinese children with DSD, and micropenis, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias are the most common clinical phenotypes. Molecular diagnosis can provide clues about the biological basis of DSD, and can also guide clinicians to perform specific clinical examinations. Target sequence capture probes and next-generation sequencing technology can provide effective and economical genetic diagnosis for children with DSD.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Child , China/epidemiology , Cryptorchidism/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Female , Genital Diseases, Male , Genotype , Humans , Hypospadias/genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Penis/abnormalities , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 413-420, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935713

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore current vitamin D status and influential factors of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among children under 7 years of age in 11 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities of China. Methods: According to the "province-city-hospital" sampling technical route, a total of 1 531 healthy children under 7 years of age were sampled from 11 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities in China by the cluster random sampling method from November 2020 to November 2021. The demographic information, family conditions, behavior and living habits and feeding behaviors were collected using unified questionnaire. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25(OH)D) levels were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Serum 25(OH)D<30 nmol/L was considered deficient and 30-50 nmol/L was considered insufficient. With 25(OH)D≤50 nmol/L as the dependent variable, multivariate Logistic regression was applied to analyze the association between vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency and potential influential factors. Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency among children under 7 years of age in 11 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities of China was 14.0% (215/1 531), 3.8% (25/664) and 21.9% (190/867) in 0-<3 and 3-<7 of age years, respectively. Compared to children aged 0-<3 years, children aged 3-<7 years had a 2.6-fold increased risk of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency (OR=3.60, 95%CI 1.93-6.72, P<0.001). Frequent sunlight exposure (OR=0.46, 95%CI 0.29-0.73, P=0.001), vitamin D supplementation (sometimes, OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.21-0.51, P<0.001; daily, OR=0.20, 95%CI 0.11-0.36, P<0.001) and infant formula intake(4-7 times per weeks, OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.28-0.68, P<0.001) were protective factors for vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency. Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common among children under 7 years of age in 11 provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities of China, which is affected by age, sunlight exposure, vitamin D supplementation and infant formula intake.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Infant , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamins
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Pul-Stent as the treatment of postoperative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children with congenital heart disease. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Thirty-three patients who underwent Pul-Stent implantation in Shanghai Children's Medical Center due to postoperative residual pulmonary artery stenosis from August 2014 to June 2015 were included. The immediate curative effect, follow-up and complications of Pul-Stent implantation were assessed. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test. Results: Pul-Stent implantation of 33 patients (19 males and 14 females) were performed successfully. Thirty-one patients underwent percutaneous stenting, and 2 patients underwent hybrid stenting. A total of 35 Pul-Stents were implanted (19 of model small, 15 of model medium and one of model large), 23 stents were planted in the proximal left pulmonary artery and 12 stents were in the proximal right pulmonary artery. The initial diameter of dilation balloon ranged from 6 to 16 mm, and the long sheath of percutaneous implantation ranged from 8 to 10 F in 29 patients (29/31, 94%). After stenting, the diameter of the narrowest segment of pulmonary artery increased from (4.0±1.7) mm to (9.1±2.1) mm in all patients (t=-21.60, P<0.001). The pressure gradient at the stenosis in 26 patients after biventricular correction decreased from (30.5±12.3) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (9.9±9.6) mmHg (t=12.92, P<0.001), and the right ventricular to aortic pressure ratio decreased from 0.57±0.14 to 0.44±0.12 (t=7.44, P<0.001). The pressure of the superior vena cava after stenting in 5 patients after cavopulmonary anastomosis decreased from (17.0±1.9) mmHg to (14.0±0.7) mmHg (t=2.86, P=0.046). Two patients died during reoperation for repairing other cardiac malformations. The remaining 31 patients were clinically stable during the follow-up period of (5.3±1.6) years, and one stent fracture was found on chest X-ray. Cardiac catheterization reexaminations in 16 patients showed that restenosis was found in one stent, while stent position and patency were satisfactory in the remaining stents. Nine children underwent post-dilation without stent fracture, displacement or aneurysm formation. Cardiac tomography showed no stent stenosis, fracture observed, or significant change in diameter of the stent in 8 patients. The inner diameter and pulmonary blood perfusion could not be accurately evaluated due to artifacts by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients. Conclusions: Pul-Stent has good compliance and adequate radial strength, and can dilate further over time to accommodate for somatic growth. It performs safely and effectively in treating post-operative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stenosis, Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Vena Cava, Superior
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 359-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935396

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of sleep duration on the risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly in China. Methods: Baseline data of 9 679 elderly individuals with intact cognition were collected from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2005, and followed up was conducted until 2018. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the association between different sleep durations and the risk for cognitive impairment in the elderly. Results: Compared with elderly with sleep duration of 6 hours per day, those with sleep duration less than 5 hours had increased risk for cognitive impairment by 30% (HR=1.30, 95%CI: 1.05-1.62), and those with sleep durations of 7 hours, 8 hours and more than 9 hours had increased risk for cognitive impairment by 34% (HR=1.34,95%CI: 1.09-1.64), 40% (HR=1.40,95%CI: 1.17-1.69) and 43% (HR=1.43,95%CI: 1.19-1.70), respectively. Trend test showed that the risk of cognitive impairment increased with the extension of sleep duration (>6 h), and there was a dose-response relationship (P<0.001). However, self-rated sleep quality was not associated with the risk for cognitive impairment in the elderly. Conclusions: The shorter and longer sleep duration were associated an increased risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly aged ≥65 years in China, suggesting that optimizing sleep duration might delay the occurrence of cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Aged , China/epidemiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Humans , Risk Factors , Sleep
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 218-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935374

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the influence of chronic diseases on falls among middle-aged and older Chinese. Methods: Baseline data of 13 670 middle-aged and older adults recruited from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2011 were used and followed up to 2018, among those were 7 443 (54.45%) middle-aged people aged 45-59 and 6 227 (45.55%) older adults aged 60 and above. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the effects of different types, the number of chronic diseases and the interaction between chronic illness and other factors on the fall risk of middle-aged and older people. Results: After adjusting for confounding factors, respiratory diseases increased the risk of falls by 21% (HR=1.21, 95%CI:1.02-1.45), and arthritis increased the risk of falls by 27% (HR=1.27,95%CI: 1.12-1.43) in the group aged 45-59, kidney disease increased the risk of falls by 26% (HR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.03-1.53) in the group aged 60 and above. A linear dose-response relationship between the number of chronic diseases and fall risk (χ2=133.61, P<0.001) was found in all the age groups. The interaction between having chronic diseases and the factors of females (HR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.43-1.89), impaired activities of daily living (ADL) (HR=1.66, 95%CI: 1.39-1.99), and having a fall history (HR=2.58, 95%CI: 2.24-2.97) increased the risk of falls. Conclusions: There is a positive linear relationship between the number of chronic diseases and the fall risk among Chinese aged 45 and above. The female middle-aged and elderly patients with chronic diseases and the middle-aged and elderly patients with impaired ADL or a history of falls are the high-risk groups for falls that need to be focused on intervention. The window of fall injury prevention should be moved forward to the middle-aged stage in time.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Activities of Daily Living , Aged , China/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Middle Aged , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935344

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze mortality and its trend of chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) in China from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Based on the provincial results of China from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the average annual percent change (AAPC) of standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were analyzed by using Joinpoint 4.8.0.1, and the age-standardized mortality rate of CRD was calculated by using the GBD 2019 world standard population. Based on the comparative risk assessment theory of GBD, the attributable deaths due to 12 CRD risk factors were estimated, including smoking, indoor air pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulates and smog exposure, environmental particulate pollution, low temperature, passive smoking, ozone pollution, occupational exposure to silica, occupational asthma, high body mass index, high temperature and occupational exposure to asbestos. Results: From 1990 to 2019, the number of deaths and standardized mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) showed a downward trend (P<0.001). The number of COPD deaths decreased from 1 244 000 (912 000 - 1 395 000) in 1990 to 1 037 000 (889 000 - 1 266 000) in 2019. AAPC=-0.9% (95%CI: -1.5% - -0.3%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate decreased from 217.9/100 000 (163.3/100 000 - 242.0/100 000) in 1990 to 65.2/100 000 (55.5/100 000 - 80.1/100 000) in 2019. AAPC= -4.2% (95%CI:-5.2% - -3.2%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from asthma decreased from 40 000 (30 000 - 58 000) in 1990 to 25 000 (20 000 - 31 000) in 2019. AAPC=-2.0% (95%CI: -2.6% - -1.4%), P<0.001; The standardized mortality rate of asthma decreased from 6.4/100 000 (4.7/100 000 - 9.5/100 000) in 1990 to 1.5/100 000 (1.2/100 000 - 1.9/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-5.1% (95%CI: -5.8% - -4.4%), P<0.001. The number of pneumoconiosis deaths decreased from 11 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 1990 to 10 000 (8 000 - 14 000) in 2019, AAPC=-0.2%(95%CI:-0.4% - 0.1%), P=0.200; The standardized mortality rate of pneumoconiosis decreased from 1.4/100 000 (1.0/100 000 - 1.7/100 000) in 1990 to 0.5/100 000 (0.4/100 000 - 0.7/100 000) in 2019. AAPC=-3.1% (95%CI: -3.4% - -2.8%), P<0.001. The number of deaths from pulmonary interstitial diseases and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased from 3 000 (3 000 - 6 000) in 1990 to 8 000 (6 000 - 10 000) in 2019, AAPC=3.5% (95%CI: 2.7% - 4.2%), P<0.001; The corresponding standardized mortality rate changed little from 1990 to 2019, and AAPC was not statistically significant.The age-standardized mortality rates of different CRDs were higher in men than those in women. In 1990 and 2019, the mortality rates of COPD, asthma, pneumoconiosis and interstitial pulmonary disease and pulmonary sarcoidosis increased with age. In 2019, the population attributable fractions (PAFs) for smoking, environmental particulate pollution, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, low temperature exposure and passive smoking were 71.1% (68.0% - 74.3%), 24.7% (20.1% - 30.0%), 19.3% (13.0% - 25.4%), 15.7% (13.6% - 18.3%) and 8.8% (4.5% - 13.1%) respectively in men, and the PAFs for environmental particulate pollution, smoking, low temperature exposure, occupational gas exposure, particulate and smog exposure, and passive smoking were 24.1% (19.6% - 29.3%), 21.9% (18.7% - 25.2%), 16.4% (14.0% - 19.2%), 15.6% (10.2% - 21.1%) and 14.7% (7.9% - 21.3%) respectively in women. Conclusions: During 1990-2019, the overall death level of CRD decreased significantly in China, but it is still at high level in the world. Active prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the death level caused by CRD.


Subject(s)
Asthma , China/epidemiology , Female , Global Burden of Disease , Humans , Male , Mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quality-Adjusted Life Years
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 364-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of real-world eribulin in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Methods: From December 2019 to December 2020, patients with advanced breast cancer were selected from Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Peking University Cancer Hospital, Baotou Cancer Hospital, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, and Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: The median progression-free survival (PFS) of 77 patients was 5 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 33.8%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 71.4%. The ORR of patients with triple-negative breast cancer was 23.1%, and the DCR was 57.7%; the ORR of patients with Luminal breast cancer was 40.0%, and the DCR was 77.8%; the ORR of patients with HER-2 overexpression breast cancer was 33.3%, and the DCR was 83.3%. ORR of 50.0% and DCR of 66.7% for patients treated with eribulin as first to second line treatment, ORR of 29.4% and DCR of 76.5% for patients treated with third to fourth line and ORR of 28.6% and DCR of 71.4% for patients treated with five to eleven line. The ORR of patients in the eribulin monotherapy group was 40.0% and the DCR was 66.0%; the ORR of patients in the combination chemotherapy or targeted therapy group was 22.2% and the DCR was 81.5%. Patients with a history of treatment with paclitaxel, docetaxel, or albumin paclitaxel during the adjuvant phase or after recurrent metastasis had an ORR of 32.9% and a DCR of 69.9% when treated with eribulin. The treatment efficacy is an independent prognostic factor affecting patient survival (P<0.001). The main adverse reactions in the whole group of patients were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ neutrophil decline [29.9% (23/77)], and other adverse reactions were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ fatigue [5.2% (4/77)], Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ peripheral nerve abnormality [2.6% (2/77)] and Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ alopecia [2.6% (2/77)]. Conclusions: Eribulin still has good antitumor activity against various molecular subtypes of breast cancer and advanced breast cancer that has failed multiple lines of chemotherapy, and the adverse effects can be controlled, so it has a good clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Furans/adverse effects , Humans , Ketones/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1345-1351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935010

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the effect of 0.02% mitomycin-C(MMC)on the corneal density after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(Trans-PRK). METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. Selected 28 patients with 56 eyes in moderate myopia who underwent Trans-PRK surgery from January 2021 to June 2021 in our hospital. They were divided into MMC group in 28 eyes with a combination of 0.02% MMC 20s during the surgery and the control group in 28 eyes was not use MMC during the surgery. The Pentacam anterior segment analyzer was used to measured the corneal density in different diameter ranges and different thickness layers before and after surgery at 14d, and after surgery at 1 and 3mo.RESULTS: The total corneal density value of MMC group was 16.60(15.70,17.10 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.63(15.90,17.50 ), at 1mo was 16.57(15.10,16.70 ), at 3mo was 16.04(14.60,16.60 ). The total corneal density value of control group was 16.30(15.50,17.30 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.20(15.20,17.10 ), at 1mo was 16.08(14.90,16.40 )and at 3mo was 15.60(14.60,16.40 ). In the zone of 0-2mm diameter was centered on the corneal vertex, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d after the surgery was higher than those before surgery(P<0.001 ). In the zone of 2-6mm diameter, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the zone of 6-10mm, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d, 1 and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the layer of anterior 120 μm, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after the surgery was decreased than that before surgery(P<0.01). In the middle layer, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo after the surgery was decreased than those before surgery(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:The use of 0.02% MMC during the operation can reduce the corneal density and increase the corneal light transmittance in the early postoperative period. The occurrence and prognosis of haze can be effectively quantified by observing the changes of corneal optical density in different ranges in different time periods after operation.

12.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370203, 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374068

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze the effect and mechanism of dexmedetomidine (DEX) analgesia pretreatment on functional chronic visceral pain in rats. Methods: Rats were divided into six groups: W1, W2, W3, W4, W5, and W6. The behavioral changes and electrophysiological indexes of rats in each group before and after DEX treatment were detected. Results: The levels of abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) in W5 and W6 groups were significantly lower than those in group W3, while the levels of thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were significantly higher than those in group W3 (p < 0.05). The electromyographic signals of W1, W5, and W6 groups showed little fluctuation, while those of groups W2, W3, and W4 showed obvious fluctuation. TLR4 mRNA expression, IRF3, P65, and phosphorylation levels in W4, W5, and W6 groups were significantly lower than those in group W2 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine epidural anesthesia pretreatment could significantly inhibit visceral pain response in rats with functional chronic visceral pain, and its mechanism was related to the activation of TLR4 in spinal dorsal horn tissue of rats and the activation inhibition of IRF3 and P65 in the downstream key signals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Toll-Like Receptor 4/analysis , Visceral Pain/drug therapy , Analgesia/methods , Electrophysiological Phenomena
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate effects of physiological hypoxic conditions on suspension and adherence of embryoid bodies (EBs) during differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#EBs in suspension culture were divided into normoxic (21% O2) and hypoxic (5% O2) groups, and those in adherent culture were divided into normoxic, hypoxic and hypoxia + HIF-1α inhibitor (echinomycin) groups. After characterization of the pluripotency with immunofluorescence assay, the hiPSCs were digested and suspended under normoxic and hypoxic conditions for 5 days, and the formation and morphological changes of the EBs were observed microscopically; the expressions of the markers genes of the 3 germ layers in the EBs were detected. The EBs were then inoculated into petri dishes for further culture in normoxic and hypoxic conditions for another 2 days, after which the adhesion and peripheral expansion rate of the adherent EBs were observed; the changes in the expressions of HIF-1α, β-catenin and VEGFA were detected in response to hypoxic culture and echinomycin treatment.@*RESULTS@#The EBs cultured in normoxic and hypoxic conditions were all capable of differentiation into the 3 germ layers. The EBs cultured in hypoxic conditions showed reduced apoptotic debris around them with earlier appearance of cystic EBs and more uniform sizes as compared with those in normoxic culture. Hypoxic culture induced more adherent EBs than normoxic culture (P < 0.05) with also a greater outgrowth rate of the adherent EBs (P < 0.05). The EBs in hypoxic culture showed significantly up-regulated mRNA expressions of β-catenin and VEGFA (P < 0.05) and protein expressions of HIF-1 α, β-catenin and VEGFA (P < 0.05), and their protein expresisons levels were significantly lowered after treatment with echinomycin (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia can promote the formation and maturation of suspended EBs and enhance their adherence and post-adherent proliferation without affecting their pluripotency for differentiation into all the 3 germ layers. Our results provide preliminary evidence that activation of HIF-1α/β-catenin/VEGFA signaling pathway can enhance the differentiation potential of hiPSCs.


Subject(s)
Echinomycin/metabolism , Embryoid Bodies/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia/metabolism , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm infants and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of NEC.@*METHODS@#A total of 752 very preterm infants who were hospitalized from January 2015 to December 2021 were enrolled as subjects, among whom 654 were born in 2015-2020 (development set) and 98 were born in 2021 (validation set). According to the presence or absence of NEC, the development set was divided into two groups: NEC (n=77) and non-NEC (n=577). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants. R software was used to plot the nomogram model. The nomogram model was then validated by the data of the validation set. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, and the calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the nomogram model, and the clinical decision curve was used to assess the clinical practicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding were independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants (P<0.05). The ROC curve of the development set had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.833 (95%CI: 0.715-0.952), and the ROC curve of the validation set had an AUC of 0.826 (95%CI: 0.797-0.862), suggesting that the nomogram model had a good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve analysis and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed good accuracy and consistency between the predicted value of the model and the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding are independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infant. The nomogram model based on the multivariate logistic regression analysis provides a quantitative, simple, and intuitive tool for early assessment of the development of NEC in very preterm infants in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia/complications , Child , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Nomograms , Sepsis/complications
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the effects of leukapheresis on hemostatic function in patients with hyperleukocytic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 139 patients with AML, ALL and CML who underwent leukapheresis from June 2009 to February 2020 and did coagulation test before and after operation were included in this study. The clearance efficiency of each group and the difference among three groups were evaluated, as well as hemostatic function including platelet counts, coagulation indicators, CDSS score and incidence of adverse events. The difference of hemostatic function caused by leukapheresis in different leukemia patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#After leukapheresis, the WBC counts were decreased significantly in the three groups of patients (P<0.001), and the clearance efficiency was highest in ALL patients. However, the platelet counts also were decreased significantly (AML:P<0.001, ALL: P<0.001, CML: P<0.01) in the three groups of patients, particularly for acute leukemia patients with a positive correlation with WBC clearance efficiency(r=0.284). After leukapheresis, fibrinogen decreased, PT and APTT prolonged. For acute leukemia patients, higher CDSS score was related to an elevated incidence of bleeding events (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Leukapheresis is an effective method to decrease the leukemic burden, but it is necessary to monitor the impact on hemostatic function. It is recommended to assess the CDSS socre for acute leukemia patients, in order to identify the predictive value for bleedings.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hemorrhage , Hemostatics , Humans , Leukapheresis/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928714

ABSTRACT

Tubulin affects platelets count through the control of mitosis and the formation of pro-platelets during the maturation of megakaryoblast to platelets. Tubulin is involved in maintaining the integrity of platelet skeleton, and also participates in the change of platelet morphology during platelet activation. Some new anti-tumor drugs targeting cell mitosis are trying to reduce the effect on tubulin in order to reduce the side effect of drugs on platelet formation. In some patients with thrombocytopenia, the variation and polymorphism of the tubulin gene affect the structure of microtubule multimers, which leads to the decrease of platelet formation. This review summarized the latest progresses of tubulin in the regulation of megakaryopoiesis and thrombopoiesis.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Megakaryocytes , Platelet Count , Thrombopoiesis , Tubulin
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotype mutation characteristics of patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) deficiency in Wuhan.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 321 neonates with positive screening and outpatients were received G6PD mutation detection, 12 kinds of common G6PD mutation in Chinese people was detected by using multicolor melting curve analysis (MMCA) method, for those with negative results, the enzyme activity and clinical information were analyzed, sequencing was recommended after informed consent when it is necessary.@*RESULTS@#Among 1321 patients, a total of 768 mutations were detected out, with a detection rate of 58.1%. A total of 18 types of G6PD genotypes were identified, including c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A, c.1024C>T, c.871G>A, c.392G>T, c.487G>A, c.1360C>T, c.1004C>A, c.517T>C, c.592C>T, c.94C>G, c.152C>T, c.320A>G, c.1028A>G, c.1316G>A, c.1327G>C and c.1376G>C, including 683 male hemizygotes, 3 female homozygotes, 80 female heterozygotes and 2 female compound heterozygous.@*CONCLUSION@#A total of 18 types of G6PD mutations are identified in the reaserch, and c.94C>G, c.1028A>G and c.1327G>C are first reported in Chinese population. The most common G6PD mutation types in Wuhan are c.1388G>A, c.1376G>T, c.95G>A.


Subject(s)
Asians/genetics , Female , Genotype , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 317-322, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928544

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with semen quality in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility. Semen samples were collected from 133 men who requested fertility evaluation. Seminal tract infection with Ureaplasma spp. (UU), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) was assessed by PCR-based diagnostic assays. Among all patients, the prevalence of STIs was higher in men from couples with primary infertility than that in men from couples with secondary infertility (39.7% vs 21.7%, P = 0.03). The prevalence of UU was 28.8% and 13.3% in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility, respectively. Men from couples with primary infertility were more likely to be positive for UU than men from couples with secondary infertility (P = 0.04). Regarding the UU subtype, the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uuu) and Ureaplasma parvum (Uup; including Uup1, Uup3, Uup6, and Uup14) did not differ between the two groups. No associations between the prevalence rates of MH, MG, and CT were found in men from either infertility group. A lower sperm concentration was associated with STI pathogen positivity in men with primary infertility according to the crude model (P = 0.04). The crude and adjusted models showed that semen volume (both P = 0.03) and semen leukocyte count (both P = 0.02) were independently associated with secondary infertility. These findings suggest the importance of classifying the type of infertility during routine diagnosis of seminal tract infections.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infertility, Male/epidemiology , Male , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Prevalence , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928264

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of computer navigation gap balance technology on the recovery of lower limb function after total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 106 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who underwent total knee arthroplasty from July 2018 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into measurement osteotomy group and space balance group according to different osteotomy techniques during total knee arthroplasty. There were 61 cases in osteotomy group, 24 males and 37 females;The age ranged from 45 to 77(63.35±4.26) years;According to K-L classification, 41 cases were grade Ⅲ and 20 cases were grade Ⅳ. intraoperative measurement osteotomy was performed. There were 45 cases in the gap balance group, 17 males and 28 females;Age 45 to 78(64.03±4.31) years;According to K-L classification, 29 cases were classified as grade Ⅲ and 16 cases as grade Ⅳ. computer navigation gap balance technology was implemented. The amount of intraoperative bleeding, operation time, incision length, hospital stay and postoperative complications were compared between two groups. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Knee Society score(KSS) before operation and 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Total of 106 patients were followed up for 12 to 18(20.38±3.25) months. There were significant differences in intraoperative bleeding and operation time between two groups(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in incision length and hospital stay between the two groups(P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, the total score of KSS in the gap balance group (173.59±14.50) was better than that in the osteotomy group (164.95±12.10)(P<0.05). There were no serious complications of poor prosthesis loosening between two groups during follow-up, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of other complications between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of computer navigation gap balance technology in total knee arthroplasty is conducive to the recovery of lower limb function in patients with OA, and there are no serious adverse complications and high safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Computers , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Technology , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927953

ABSTRACT

The effects of Jingui Shenqi Pills(Jingui) and Liuwei Dihuang Pills(Liuwei) which respectively tonify kidney Yang and kidney Yin on brain function have attracted great attention, while the differences of protein expression regulated by Jingui and Liuwei remain to be studied. This study explored the difference of protein expression profiles in the hippocampi of mice orally administrated with the two drugs for 7 days. The protein expression was quantified using LC-MS/MS. The results showed that among the 5 860 proteins tested, 151, 282 and 75 proteins responded to Jingui alone, Liuwei alone, and both drugs, respectively. The ratio of up-regulated proteins to down-regulated proteins was 1.627 in Jingui group while only 0.56 in Liuwei group. The proteins up-regulated by Jingui were mainly involved in membrane transport, synaptic vesicle cycle, serotonergic synapse, dopaminergic synapse and so on, suggesting that Jingui may play a role in promoting the transport of neurotransmitter in the nervous system. The proteins down-regulated by Liuwei were mainly involved in membrane transport, synapse, ion transport(potassium and sodium transport), neurotransmitter transport, innate and acquired immune responses, complement activation, inflammatory response, etc. In particular, Liuwei showed obvious down-regulation effect on the members of solute carrier(SLC) superfamily, which suggested that Liuwei had potential inhibitory effect on membrane excitation and transport. Finally, consistent results were obtained in the normal mouse and the mouse model with corticosterone-induced depressive-like behavior. This study provides an experimental basis for understanding the effect of Jingui and Liuwei on brain function from protein network.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Hippocampus/metabolism , Mice , Proteome/metabolism , Proteomics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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