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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577


During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 244-248, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486298


Objective To evaluate the value of intravascular interventional embolization in the emergency treatment of patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture.Methods The retrospective analysis was made on the medical records of 45 cases treated from October 2012 to December 2014.There were 27 male and 18 females(39.2-± 10.3) years (range,28-54 years).Time from injury to admission was within 3 h.Injury severity score (ISS) was (25.3 ± 8.1) points.The pelvic fracture included 32 cases of Type B and 13 Type C according to Tile classification system.After admission,anti-shock treatment and pelvic immobilization with the belt or external fixator were performed,and emergent intravascular interventional embolization was used to stanch bleeding after the bleeding of other organs was excluded.Vascular intervention,post-treatment vitazl signs and prognosis were evaluated.Results Time from admission to interventional therapy was 1.2-2.7 h [(1.9 ± 0.8) h].Time of interventional treatment was 1.6-3.2 h [(2.3-± 0.6) h].Of the 45 cases,contrast extravasation was seen in 38 cases,abnormal vascular morphology in 5 cases,no obvious bleeding in 1 case,and contrast extravasation in the angiographic venous phase in 1 case.Among the 38 cases of contrast extravasation,the offending vessels involved were internal pudenda artery (26 cases),obturator artery (16 cases),superior gluteal artery (4 cases),inferior gluteal artery (4 cases),inferior epigastric artery (1 case) and external iliac artery (1 case),but 8 cases were noted to have two offending vessels and 1 case had delayed bleeding.Of the 45 cases,the hemostatic effect was good in the early stage.After the interventional embolization therapy,the heart rate was (105.2 ± 14.8) beats/min,arterial pressure was (79.0 ± 10.6) mmHg,central venous pressure was (5.1 ± 0.8) cmH2O,and shock index was 1.1 ±-0.5,showing improved vital signs postoperatively (P < 0.05).Four cases died mainly due to the multiple organ failure.One case had abdominal distention aggravated 3 days after operation,which were confirmed to be bleeding in the branch of external iliac artery,and the symptom was alleviated after embolization therapy.Forty-one cases survived with ICU length of stay of (14.5 ± 5.4) d,hospitalization time of (35.2 ± 12.8) d and medical expense of (96,755.3-± 20,568.1) CNY.Conclusion In the emergency treatment of patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture,the intravascular interventional embolization has become an important measure of comprehensive treatment that allows fast and mini-invasive procedure hemostasis,and deserves clinical promoting.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3289-3291, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481525


Objective To explore the strategies of diagnosis and treatment of severe multiple injuries in Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU).Methods The clinical data of 226 patients with severe multiple injuries were analyzed retrospectively.188 patients were treated by surgical operation,and 38 patients were not treated by surgical operation.Results Among these patients,46 patients (accounted for 20.3%)were with pulmonary infection and atelectasis,41 patients (accounting for 18.1%)were with multiple -organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), 35 patients (accounted for 15.5%)were with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),and 19 patients (accounted for 8.4%)were with stress ulceration and bleeding.198 patients (accounted for 87.6%)were successfully rescued, and 28 patients (accounted for 12.3%)died.The main cause of death in the early stage was the serious craniocerebral injury,and the main cause of death in the later stage was the multiple -organ dysfunction.Conclusion EICU plays a very important role in comprehensive treatment of severe multiple injuries,and can obviously increase the success rate of treatment and cure of severe multiple injuries.